Anda di halaman 1dari 1

Completely Miscible Two component liquid-liquid Partially Miscible

equilibrium
Both liquid is soluble in each of the liquid is
each other to unlimited soluble in the other to a
Miscibility limited extent
extents
Property of substances to mix in Example : water and 1-
Example : Ethanol and
all proportions butanol

Calculations
Kd=/
Cs = the concentration of the solute in stationary phase

Cm = the concentration of the solute in mobile phase

How to calculate phase composition

Find the number of moles of each substance in each phase


if 4.0 mol of W and 1.0 mol of B are shaken together at
30C.
A as stationary phase while B as xB is (1.0 mol)/(5.0 mol) = 0.20, xaB=0.02, xbB=0.48
mobile phase
FG: one phase is present, a dilute nB=naB+nbB=xaBna+xbBnb
solution of solute B in liquid in solvent Temperature-versus-composition
A. liquidliquid phase diagrams 1.0 mol=0.02na+0.48(15.0-na)
G: reached the maximum solubility of for
liquid B in liquid A at T1. (a) watertriethylamine;-decreasing na= 3.04 mol, nb= 5.00 mol-3.04 mol=1.96 mol
GE: Addition of more B then produces temperature leads to greater
a two-phase system between G and miscibility, naB=xaBna=0.02(3.04 mol)=0.06 mol, nbB=(0.48)1.96
E :. Dilute saturated solution of B in (b) waternicotine;- systems have mol=0.94 mol
C lower and upper critical
. Dilute saturated solution of A in B naW= na-naB=3.04 mol- 0.06 mol= 2.98mol
solution temperatures.
D: The overall composition of the
two-phase system nbW=nW- naW= (4.0- 2.98) mol=1.02 mol
E: form a saturated solution of A in B.
The system becomes a single phase
again at E.
EH: diluting
the solution of A in B.

As the temperature is raised, the


region of liquid-liquid immiscibility
decreases, until at Tc (the critical
solution temperature). Above Tc, the
liquids are completely miscible