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Artem Mavrin Math 342B Homework 6 13.2.3 Solve the semi-infinite plate problem if the bottom edge of width 7 is held at T = cos (x) and the other sides are at 0° We are solving the two-dimensional Laplace equation, (1) Wr=0 for the function 7’: [0,7] x (0,00) + R with boundary conditions T(w,0) = cos (x) and T(0,y) = T(r, y) = litmy-se0T'(2,y) = 0 for all y > O and x € [0,x]. Assume a solution T(z,y) = X(z)¥ (y). Then (1) becomes 2 @) wep PAY, PXY _ 0X oat tay tat Rearranging terms in (2), we get @) 18x ey X dn Y Oy Since we have two functions of independent variables equal to each other, they must be equal to some constant c € R: 1@X__18¥ 4) igs (4) Xo oy This gives the two second-order ordinary differential equations (5) X"=cX and Y"=-cY whose solutions are well-known: X(2) Y(u) e>0 => = Ave + Be = Cos (fey) + Dsin (Vey) c<0 => [= Aces (Vex) + Bain (ex) = Cet Dee for some A, B,C, D € R. If we choose ¢ > 0 then our Y solution will consist of oscillations. Instead, we want ¥ to decay to 0 as y —+ 00. So, we choose the exponential growth /decay solution for Y, thereby choosing c < 0. Let —k? = c, Then we have the two equations (6) X(x) = Acos(kr)+Bsin(ke) and — Y(y) = Ce" + De“ such that (7) T (x,y) = X(x)¥ (y) = [Acos (kx) + Bsin (kx)] [Ce + De] From the initial condition T(0, y) = 0, we have (8) T(0,y) = [Acos(0) + Bsin (0)] [Ce + De“) = A[Ce” + De] = 0, Thus, either A = 0 or Ce'” + De” = 0. The functions e” and e“* are linearly independent, so the only linear combination of them that gives zero is when the coefficients are zero. Thus, we would have C = D = 0. This would give us the trivial solution T’ = 0. We don’t want that, so we pick A= 0. Therefore, after satisfying the first boundary condition (T(0,y) = 0), we are left with (9) T(z,y) = Bein (kx) [Ce™ + De“™] 1 Next, we look at the boundary condition lim, 4. 7(x,y) = 0. The Ce" term of (9) would grow exponentially as y —+ oo if C #0, so we must choose C = 0 to maintain the condition T > 0 as y > oc. Thus, letting K = BD, our solution in (9) reduces to (10) T (x,y) = K sin (kr)e"™ From the third boundary condition T(x, y) =0, we get (aa) T (x,y) = K sin (kre Assuming K + 0 so the solution isn’t trivial and since e~*” > 0 for all k,y €R, it follows that sin (kn) = 0. This implies that & = n for some n € Z. Thus our solution is hardly changed. We define (12) T,(2,y) =sin(nzje"™, 0 EN. By the discussion above, Ty is a solution to V?2' = 0 for each n € N. Thus, any linear combination of T,’s is a solution as well. Then we have (13) (9) =D) buTa(e.y) = > bn sin (nye oem ten with each b; € R. We can now solve for the b, coefficients by looking at the final boundary condition (i.e., T(,0) = cos(z)). We have (14) T(x,0) = > ba sin (na) nee cos (2) Finding the coefficients 6, turns into a routine problem of solving for the sine Fourier expansion of cos (2) on [0,]: (15) ba = f con(a)sin na) az SSI a kf fesortne — gtorie 4 see _ gt dp im Jo =F (ein (oot) snr _ g-ttna)e IN ce ee lle eee lo 2 f [sin ([n + 1]z2) +sin (In — I]z)] dx bo cos (n+ Uz) + 008 (fn — 1a ae ; 1 2A cost) + A costa =the) 35 = 4] an [ea cos (fn -+ Jn) — il cos (n+ Ir) — 1] Qn me-0! dn i Ferry’ fn =0 (anod2), 0, ifn = 1 (mod2). 2 ‘Thus, we can finally write the genera 05 | solution to V27' = 0. We have nl Ficure 1. Partial sum up to n = 200 of the solution (16) of V?7 =0 on the semi-infinite region [0,7] x [0, 00) with the following boundary conditions: (1) TO,y) = 0, (2) Ty) = 0, (3) lim, soo T(x, y) (4) T(e, 0) = cos (2). Plots show the region [0,7] x (0,2] x (1, 1}. 3 Ls 13.2.10 Find the steady-state temperature distribution in a metal plate 10 em square if one side is held at 100° and the other three at 0°. Find the temperature at the center of the plate. We are looking for the function J’: (0, 10] x [0, 10] ++ R such that V27' = 0, T(x, 0) = 100, and T(0,y) = T(10,y) = T(z,10) = 0. We assume a solution T(x,y) = X(z)¥(y). Following the same initial steps as in the last problem (equations (1)-(4)), we again obtain a7) X”=cX and Y"=—-c¥. Choosing c = —k? as before, we get, (18) X(x) = Acos(kz)+Bsin(kx) and ¥(y) = Cet” + De” for A, B,C, D € R so that (19) T(e,y) = X(a)¥ (y) = [Acos (kx) + Bssin (kx) [Ce + De] From the boundary condition T(0,y) = in the last problem. Thus, (20) T(z, y) = Bein (kx) [Ce + De-™”) Our solution starts to differ from the solution of the previous problem when we consider the (no longer infinite) boundary condition T(x, 10) = 0. Then we have (21) T(z, 10) = Bain (kx)[Cel™ + De~™*] = 0, so we must have Ce! + De~#% = 0 in order to not have a trivial solution. Note that if we choose C = }e~! and D = bel, then we have , it follows that A = 0 for the same reason as (2) Celt + Det = he-Grrnk 4 S(t = sinh (R10 — y) and so (23) T(x, 10) = Bsin (fer) sinh (0) as desired. Thus our solution reduces to (x,y) = Bsin (kz) sinh (K(10 — y}). Furthermore, from the boundary condition 7(10, y) = 0, we have (24) T(10,y) = Bsin(k10) sinh (K{10 ~ yl) = 0, so we must have k = 3 for some n € N, Now define nm (25) Tx, v) =8in (Fe) sinh (Fu -u) so that T;, solves V27' = 0. Then an arbitrary linear combination of Ty’s solves V?T = 0. ‘Thus, we have (26) = Pb Trlayy) = Yes Gp) sinh (Feo - a) Fa From the last boundary condition T(x,0) = 100, we have (27) T(x,0) = by sin (F) sinh (nm) = 100 => S7b,sin (Fe z)= nen nen 10 4 100 sinh (na) Thus, the b, coefficients are the sine Fourier coefficients of the constant function [10> on the interval [0,10]. So, we have 28 dL sates Gi) 10 nn -sanal on 2) de = Sie [vos (Se “| 200 ~parainh (nny 008 (0) — 1) 0, ifn =0 (mod2), = 400 a waaay EME E (mod) So, our solution is (29) Moreover, the center of the plate is the point (5,5). NarLas computed T(5,5) up to n= 200. According to MATLAB (and coinciding with the solution in the textbook), (30) (5,5) = 25°. Hw #6 L825 OD Ul iO4) =l00 cand shus ue 72 Sual= lox eyes Gan BC uot) tall t)- © es ole ol = Cx) Let ulyt) = &GOGK) Cos 8G ag nee aGir yb =-% + Soluion 92 Gb s - KG 5 Glee = Solution 0% Si- Bobler ea Ke =O eo = CL) <9 AeOe BGA Cree Slaltco to Pees PUG =O Db Ce atten = Rez® evel with act di be)= | Hence only FAVCol SALWOT and a0 Hey. eUels cnet 2 Uxd= coos Lh» 8) = OP Le sin Ru + Gee BLA=M a FO 2a We -c MR eto gFL 2 0 Ue ale Lookiing fer nontavio’ Ka GFE =o = GL 400+ cos ~ ark Cah hero , Sbd=Y ad Valid Bor 70 uals dle An Cos “E ic ux 2) = eG Huthely ing by > um (x1) 950 + (200/m7) sural (((-1) 9 — 1) fa?) * cosin * Pi 2/10) * expt - (1 Pi 110)*241), n= 1.20); 200 w= (x, 350 + — Qo > plot3d(ulx, 1),x=0..10,1=0..20); 100: | 50: 25 [> plor3d(u(x,1),x=0..10, f= 0.20); a Dye (1) 950+ (200/17) * sum (((-1)9m = 1) La) * costar * Pi? x/ 10) * expl ~ (* Pi 110)42" 1), = 1.200); eer 200 ((-1)' = 1) cos{ aie 106 — i) w= (x, 1) 950+ [> plodtu(x,1),x=0..10,1= 0.20); 100: 50: F> plot3d(utx, 0), x=0..10, 1=0..20); | - : fo 2% mw PBL tO uKO)A0G Ke& | > Ci HI=0 Assume uleiy)? 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