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Good afternoon, Im Trissha Marie Zamora, Batch 2011, Major in Power The IEEE 1584-2002 spreadsheet calculator that

tor that was used for this study


Engineering, and Im here to present my field practice report with the uses the following equations for computing for the arc fault
topic of ARC FLASH HAZARD EVALUATION FOR A 10-MVA SUBSTATION current:____. For BUS 2 which is 13.8 kV, the following equations were
WITH A RELAY PROTECTION DESIGNED BY SUNERTECH CORPORATION used for computing the arc-fault. Since BUS 1 is 69 kV, a different set of
equations were used to compute for the arc fault current.
For some background of the study, lets have an overview of arc flash
and the hazards that it cause. For the incident energy, the following equations were used:__________

Arc flash is defined as _______. It can be initiated by the following For the flash protection boundary, the following were used:__________
causes:_______. In an occurrence of an arc flash event, workers can be
exposed to the following threats:________. Whereas, the burns that it Using the bolted fault currents obtained from the short circuit analysis
cause can often lead to fatal injury. To reduce the hazards that the arc and the data obtained from the company as input for the spreadsheet
flash event can cause, the following methods can be calculator, the following values of incident energy and arc flash
done:_____________. boundary for BUS 1 were calculated. The maximum incident energy at
BUS 1 would be present when the system is in normal operation. At this
This study can help produce proper equipment warning labels, and
identify proper personal protective equipment for workers. This study value of incident energy, the arc flash boundary would be 4645.1 mm or
will also aid in keeping a safe working environment for the workers. approximately 4.6 meters. This means that a worker could receive a
second degree burn at this distance from the source of the arc flash in
The general objective of this study is to:____________ case of the occurrence of an arc flash event. Any distance smaller than
nd
this could a burn injury more severe than a 2 degree burn.
The specific objectives are to:_________

To accomplish the objectives of this study, the following steps were For BUS 2, the following values of incident energy and arc flash
done:_________. boundary were calculated. The maximum incident energy at BUS 2
Data Gathering - the data required for this study includes the would be also be present when the system is in normal operation. At
Substations specifications such as single line diagram, bus voltages, this value of incident energy, the arc flash boundary would be 1518.4
circuit breaker and transformer ratings, and current transformer ratios mm or approximately 1.5 meters. This means that a worker could
Short circuit analysis to determine the maximum bolted fault current receive a second degree burn at this distance in case of the occurrence
in the bus and protective devices of an arc flash event. And any distance less than this could result to a
IEEE std 1584-2002 Spreadsheet calculator this was used to calculate serious burn injury.
the incident energy and flash protection boundary of the buses
NFPA 70E Hazard/Risk Category the computed incident energies These graphs show the comparison of the arc flash boundary and
present on the buses are used to determine the Hazard/risk category of incident energy present on both buses with respect to the number of
feeders in operation in the system. We can see that both the arc flash
the bus and the proper personal protective equipment to be used
boundary and incident energy increase as the number of feeders in
(through the NFPA 70E Hazard/risk category.)
operation increases.
SHORT CIRCUIT ANALYSIS ON ETAP 12.6.0 - The purpose of this is to
From the previous results, the maximum incident energy for the 2 buses
calculate the fault current values at each bus for selected conditions
are summarized in this table.
such as three-phase bolted faults, single line to ground faults and
emergency operation.
Based on the NFPA 70E Hazard/risk category, the maximum incident
energy of on BUS 1 which is 7.7 cal/cm2 would fall under category 1 and
Before proceeding to the short circuit analysis, these 10 study cases of
category 0 for the maximum incident energy of 2.0 cal/cm2 for BUS 2.
different modes of operation of the system were established to
determine the maximum bolted fault current available on the buses in
The NFPA 70E Hazard/risk category also provides the description of the
an occurrence of a fault. The difference between the modes of
required personal protective equipment to be used depending on the
operation is the number of feeders in operation.
Hazard/risk category. We can see from the table that the requirements
for a higher hazard/risk category are stricter in terms of the garments
After the short circuit analysis on ETAP, the following values of bolted
and equipment required for the workers to wear.
fault currents on 69 kV BUS 1 were obtained. The maximum bolted fault
current on BUS 1 will occur during Normal operation with a value of
2.366 kA.

For the 13.8 kV BUS 2, the following bolted fault currents were
obtained. Same as BUS 1, the maximum bolted fault current on BUS 2
will occur during Normal operation with a value of 6.253 kA.

IEEE Standard 1584-2002 Guide for performing arc flash hazard


calculations provides calculation details for the bolted fault currents,
arcing fault currents, incident energy and flash protection boundaries. It
also provides typical values of equipment working distances, and
protective equipment opening times, depending on the type of
equipment. The calculations for the arcing fault currents, incident
energy and flash protection boundaries uses different equations for
voltage rating below 15 kV and ratings of above 15 kV.