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Part AG

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

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PART AG

Article G-1 Scope and Jurisdiction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3


AG-100 Scope. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
AG-110 Additional Requirements for Very High Pressures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
AG-120 Geometric Scope of This Division . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
AG-121 Classifications Outside the Scope of This Division . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
AG-121.1 Unfired Steam Boilers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
AG-121.2 Stamping Vessels Outside the Scope of This Division . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
AG-121.3 Combination Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
AG-130 Field Assembly of Vessels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
AG-140 Requirements for Pressure Vessels Fabricated by Layered Construction . . . . . . . . . . . 5
AG-150 Standards Referenced by This Division. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
AG-151 Units of Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Article G-2 Organization of This Division. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11


AG-200 Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
AG-200.1 Parts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
AG-200.2 Appendices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
AG-201 Articles and Paragraphs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
AG-201.1 Articles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
AG-201.2 Paragraphs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
AG-201.3 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Article G-3 Responsibilities and Duties. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12


AG-300 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
AG-301 Users Responsibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
AG-301.1 Users Design Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
AG-301.2 Certification of Users Design Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
AG-302 Manufacturers Responsibility. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
AG-302.1 Compliance With Requirements of This Division . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
AG-302.2 Manufacturers Design Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
AG-302.3 Certification and Filing of Manufacturers Design Report. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
AG-303 Inspectors Duties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Figures
AG-140.1 Some Acceptable Layered Shell Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
AG-140.2 Some Acceptable Layered Head Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Table
AG-150.1 Year of Acceptable Edition of Referenced Standards in This Division . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

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ARTICLE G-1
SCOPE AND JURISDICTION

AG-100 SCOPE1 (a) Loading conditions imposed by movement


of the pressure vessel during operation and by relocation
(a) For the scope of this Division, pressure vessels
of the pressure vessel between work sites or due to
are containers for the containment of pressure, either
loading and discharge, as applicable, shall be considered
internal or external. This pressure may be obtained
as part of AD-100 (see Table AD-150.1).
from an external source or by the application of heat
(b) The Users Design Specification shall include
from a direct or indirect source, or any combination
the agreements which resolve the problems of operation
thereof. The rules of this Division, taken as a whole,
and maintenance control unique to the particular pres-
provide an alternative to the minimum construction
sure vessel.
requirements for the design, fabrication, inspection, and
(c) Pressure vessels subject to direct firing but which
certification of pressure vessels falling within the scope
are not within the scope of Section I, III, or IV may
of Division 1.
be constructed in accordance with the general rules of
(b)(1) Except as provided in (2) below, these rules
Division 2.
cover only vessels to be installed at a fixed (stationary)2 (d) Except for vessels specifically prohibited in this
location for a specific service where operation and Division, types of vessels which may be constructed
maintenance control is retained during the useful life in accordance with the rules of Division 1 may also
of the vessel by the user who prepares or causes to be constructed in accordance with the rules of this
be prepared the Design Specifications required by AG- Division.
301.1. (e) In relation to the rules of Division 1 of Section
(2) These rules may also apply to pressure vessels VIII, these rules of Division 2 are more restrictive in
installed in oceangoing ships, barges, and other floating the choice of materials which may be used but permit
craft provided prior written agreement with the local higher design stress intensity values to be employed
jurisdictional authority3 can be established covering in the range of temperatures over which the design
operation and maintenance control for a specific service stress intensity value is controlled by the ultimate
and where this operation and maintenance control is strength or the yield strength; more precise design
retained during the useful life of the pressure vessel procedures are required and some common design
by the user who prepares, or causes to be prepared, details are prohibited; permissible fabrication procedures
the Design Specifications required by AG-301.1. Then are specifically delineated and more complete examina-
such a pressure vessel as described above may be tion testing and inspection are required.
constructed and stamped within the scope of this Divi-
sion provided it meets all other requirements as specified
with the following additional provisions.
AG-110 ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS
FOR VERY HIGH PRESSURES
1
In those applications where there are laws or regulations issued by The rules of Division 2 do not specify a limitation
municipal, state, provincial, or federal authorities covering pressure
vessels, these laws or regulations should be reviewed to determine on pressure but are not all inclusive for all types of
size or service limitations of the coverage which may be different construction. For very high pressures, some additions
or more restrictive than those given in this paragraph. to or deviations from these rules may be necessary to
2
These rules shall not be used for fabrication of cargo tanks mounted meet the design principles and construction practices
on transport vehicles.
3 essential to vessels for such pressures. However, only
The local jurisdictional authority consists of the municipal, state,
provincial, federal, or other governmental agency enforcing laws or in the event that, after application of additional design
regulations applicable to these pressure vessels. principles and construction practices, the vessel still

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AG-110 2001 SECTION VIII DIVISION 2 AG-121.1

complies with all of the requirements of the Code may (c) pressure containers which are integral parts or
it be stamped with the Code symbol. components of rotating or reciprocating mechanical
devices, such as pumps, compressors, turbines, genera-
tors, engines, and hydraulic or pneumatic cylinders
AG-120 GEOMETRIC SCOPE OF THIS where the primary design considerations and /or stresses
DIVISION are derived from the functional requirements of the
device;
The scope of this Division is intended to include
(d) except as covered in AG-120(e), structures whose
only the vessel and integral communicating chambers4
primary function is the transport of fluids from one
and shall include the following:
location to another within a system of which it is an
(a) where external piping is to be connected to the
integral part (piping systems);
vessel:
(e) piping components, such as pipe, flanges, bolting,
(1) the welding end connection for the first circum-
gaskets, valves, expansion joints, fittings, and the pres-
ferential joint for welded connections (see AD-420.1 sure containing parts of other components, such as
and AD-602); strainers and devices which serve such purposes as
(2) the first threaded joint for screwed connections; mixing, separating, snubbing, distributing, and metering
(3) the face of the first flange for bolted, flanged or controlling flow, provided that pressure containing
connections; parts of these components are generally recognized as
(4) the first sealing surface for proprietary connec- piping components or accessories;
tions or fittings. (f) vessels with a nominal water containing capacity
(b) where nonpressure parts are welded directly to of 120 gal or less for containing water under pressure,
either the internal or external surface of a pressure including those containing air, the compression of which
vessel, the weld attaching the part of the vessel. For serves only as a cushion;
parts beyond this weld and for stud bolted attachments, (g) a hot water supply storage tank heated by steam
see Article D-9. or any other indirect means when none of the following
(c) pressure retaining covers for vessel openings, limitations is exceeded:
such as manhole and handhole covers; (1) a heat input of 200,000 Btu /hr (58.6 kW);
(d) the first sealing surface for proprietary fittings (2) a water temperature of 210F (99C);
or components for which rules are not provided by this (3) a nominal water containing capacity of 120
Division, such as gages, instruments, and nonmetallic gal (454 l);
components;
(h) vessels having an internal or external operating
(e) the scope of this Division includes provisions pressure (see AD-121.3) not exceeding 15 psi (103 kPa)
for pressure relief devices necessary to satisfy the with no limitation on size (see AD-300);
requirements of Part AR and Appendix 10.
(i) vessels having an inside diameter, width, height,
or cross section diagonal not exceeding 6 in. (152 mm),
with no limitation on length of vessel or pressure;
AG-121 CLASSIFICATIONS OUTSIDE THE (j) pressure vessels for human occupancy.5
SCOPE OF THIS DIVISION
The degree of nondestructive examination(s) and the
Based on the Committees consideration, the follow- acceptance standards beyond the requirements of this
ing classes of vessels are exempted from the scope of Division shall be a matter of prior agreement between
this Division; however, any pressure vessel within these the Manufacturer and user.
classes not excluded from the scope of this Division
by AG-100(b) but which meets all applicable require- AG-121.1 Unfired Steam Boilers. Unfired steam
ments of this Division may be stamped with the U2 boilers as defined in Section I shall be constructed in
Code symbol: accordance with the rules of Section I or of Section
(a) those within the scope of other Sections of VIII, Division 1. The following pressure vessels in
this Code; which steam is generated shall be constructed in accord-
(b) fired process tubular heaters; ance with the rules of Section VIII, Division 1 or 2:
(a) vessels known as evaporators or heat exchangers;
4
Communicating chambers are defined as appurtenances to the vessel
5
which intersect the shell or heads of a vessel and form an integral Requirements for pressure vessels for human occupancy are covered
part of the pressure containing enclosure, e.g., sumps. by ASME PVHO-1.

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AG-121.1 PART AG GENERAL REQUIREMENTS AG-150

(b) vessels which are part of a processing system, AG-140 REQUIREMENTS FOR PRESSURE
such as used in the manufacture of chemical and VESSELS FABRICATED
petroleum products. BY LAYERED CONSTRUCTION

AG-121.2 Stamping Vessels Outside the Scope of The rules in Section VIII, Division 1 and Division
This Division. Vessels not excluded from the scope 2, to cover the construction of layered vessels have
of this Division by AG-100(b) but which meet all the been developed to parallel each other as far as can be
requirements of this Division, including the requirements done within the parameters of each Division. The design
for inspection and certification, may be stamped with criteria may influence the selection of the Division.
the Code symbol. There are several manufacturing techniques used to
fabricate layered vessels, and these rules have been
AG-121.3 Combination Units. When a pressure developed to cover most techniques used today for
vessel unit consists of more than one independent which there is extensive documented construction and
pressure chamber, only the parts of chambers which operational data. Some acceptable layered shell types
come within the scope of this Division need be con- are shown in Fig. AG-140.1. Some acceptable layered
structed in compliance with its provisions (see AD-102). head types are shown in Fig. AG-140.2.
Additions to or deviations from the rules of this
Division applicable to vessels of layered construction
are given in Part AD Article D-11, Part AF Article
F-8, Part AI Article I-1, and Part AS Article S-4. The
AG-130 FIELD ASSEMBLY OF VESSELS Manufacturers Quality Control System as required by
Field assembly of vessels constructed to this Division Appendix 18 and Article I-1 shall include the construc-
may be performed as follows. tion procedure that will outline the sequence and method
(a) The Manufacturer of the vessel completes the of application of layers and measurement of layer gaps.
vessel in the field. The following terms are used relative to layered vessels.
(b) The manufacturer of parts of a vessel to be (a) Layered Vessel. A vessel having a shell and /or
completed in the field by some other party stamps heads made up of two or more separate layers.
these parts in accordance with Code rules and supplies (b) Inner Shell. The inner cylinder which forms the
the A-2 Manufacturers Partial Data Report Forms to pressure tight membrane.
the other party. The other party, who must hold a (c) Inner Head. The inner head which forms the
valid U2 Certificate of Authorization, makes the final pressure tight membrane.
assembly, required NDE, final pressure test; completes (d) Shell Layer. Layers may be cylinders formed
the A-1 Manufacturers Data Report Form; and stamps from plate, sheet, forgings, or the equivalent formed
the vessel. by coiling or by helically wound interlocking strips.
(c) The field portion of the work is completed by (This does not include wire winding.)
a holder of a valid U2 Certificate of Authorization (e) Head Layer. Any one of the head layers of a
other than the vessel Manufacturer. The stamp holder layered vessel except the inner head.
performing the field work is required to supply an A-2 (f) Overwraps. Layers added to the basic shell or
Manufacturers Partial Data Report Form covering the head thickness for the purpose of building up the
portion of the work completed by his organization thickness of a layered vessel for reinforcing shell or
(including data on the pressure test if conducted by head openings, or making a transition to thicker sections
the stamp holder performing the field work) to the of the layered vessel.
Manufacturer responsible for the Code vessel. The (g) Dummy Layer. A layer used as a filler between
vessel Manufacturer applies his U2 stamp in the pres- the inner shell (or inner head) and other layers, and
ence of a representative from his Inspection Agency not considered as part of the required total thickness.
and completes the A-1 Manufacturers Data Report
Form with his Inspector.
In all three alternatives, the party completing and
AG-150 STANDARDS REFERENCED BY
signing the A-1 Manufacturers Data Report Form
THIS DIVISION
assumes full Code responsibility for the vessel. In all
three cases, each Manufacturers Quality Control System (a) Throughout this Division references are made to
shall describe the controls to assure compliance for various standards, such as ANSI standards, which de-
each Code stamp holder. scribe parts or fittings or which establish dimensional

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Fig. AG-140.1 2001 SECTION VIII DIVISION 2

FIG. AG-140.1 SOME ACCEPTABLE LAYERED SHELL TYPES

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PART AG GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Fig. AG-140.1

FIG. AG-140.1 SOME ACCEPTABLE LAYERED SHELL TYPES (CONTD)

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Fig. AG-140.2 2001 SECTION VIII DIVISION 2

FIG. AG-140.2 SOME ACCEPTABLE LAYERED HEAD TYPES

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PART AG GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Table AG-150.1

TABLE AG-150.1 01
YEAR OF ACCEPTABLE EDITION OF REFERENCED STANDARDS IN THIS DIVISION
Title Number Year
Unified Inch Screw Threads (UN and UNR Thread Form) ASME B1.1 1989

Pipe Threads, General Purpose, Inch ASME B1.20.1 1983(R1992) (1)

Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings ASME B16.5 1996

Factory Made Wrought Steel Buttwelding Fittings ASME B16.9 1993

Forged Steel Fittings, Socket-Welding and Threaded ASME B16.11 1991

Metallic Gaskets for Pipe Flanges Ring-Joint, Spiral-Wound, and ASME B16.20 1993
Jacketed

Wrought Steel Buttwelding Short Radius Elbows and Returns ASME/ANSI B16.28 1986

Large Diameter Steel Flanges (NPS 26 Through NPS 60) ASME B16.47 1996

Square and Hex Nuts (Inch Series) ASME/ANSI B18.2.2 1987(R1993) (1)

Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe ANSI/ASME B36.10M 1985

Pressure Relief Devices ASME PTC 25 1994

Qualifications for Authorized Inspection ASME QAI-1 (2)

Seat Tightness of Pressure Relief Valves API Standard 527 1991

ASNT Central Certification Program ACCP Rev. 3, 1997

ASNT Standard for Qualification and Certification of Nondestructive ANSI/ASNT CP-189 1995
Testing Personnel

Recommended Practice for Personnel Qualification and Certification SNT-TC-1A 1996, A98
in Nondestructive Testing

Methods of Verification and Classification of Extensometers ASTM E 83 1990

Reference Photographs for Magnetic Particle Indications on Ferrous ASTM E 125 1963(R1985) (1)
Castings

Practice for Fabricating and Checking Aluminum Alloy Ultrasonic ASTM E 127 1982a(R1989) (1)
Standard Reference Blocks

Hardness Conversion Tables for Metals ASTM E 140 1988


1
Standard Reference Radiographs for Heavy-Walled (2 to 4 2-in. (51 ASTM E 186 1998
to 114-mm)) Steel Castings

Method of Conducting Drop Weight Test to Determine Nil Ductility ASTM E 208 1987a
Transition Temperature of Ferritic Steel

Reference Radiographs for High-Strength Copper-Base and Nickel- ASTM E 272 1975(R1989) (1)
Copper Alloy Castings

Standard Reference Radiographs for Heavy-Walled (412 to 12-in. ASTM E 280 1998
(114 to 305-mm)) Steel Castings

Standard Reference Radiographs for Steel Castings Up to 2 in. (51 ASTM E 446 1998
mm) in Thickness

NOTES:
(1) R indicates reaffirmed.
(2) See AI-110.

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AG-150 2001 SECTION VIII DIVISION 2 AG-151

limits for pressure vessel parts. These standards, with


the year of the acceptable edition, are listed in Table
AG-150.1.
(b) Rules for the use of these standards are stated
elsewhere in this Division.

AG-151 Units of Measurement


The units of measurement used in Manufacturers
Data Reports and capacity certification of pressure relief
devices, and in marking or stamping of pressure vessels,
pressure vessel parts, and pressure relief devices, re-
quired by this Division, shall be either:
(a) U. S. customary units (ft-lb) exclusively; or
(b) both U. S. customary units (ft-lb) and metric, in
which case the U. S. customary units shall be considered
the standard, and the metric units shall be shown
parenthetically.

10

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