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Part AR

PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
PART AR

Article R-1 General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227


AR-100 Protection Against Overpressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227
AR-110 Type of Overpressure Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227
AR-120 Pressure Relief Valves. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227
AR-130 Nonreclosing Pressure Relief Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228
AR-131 Rupture Disk Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228
AR-131.1 Burst Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228
AR-131.2 Capacity Rating. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228
AR-131.3 Sole Relief Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229
AR-131.4 Installed Upstream of Pressure Relief Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229
AR-131.5 Installed Downstream of a Spring Loaded Safety Relief Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229
AR-132 Breaking Pin Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230
AR-133 Spring Loaded Nonreclosing Pressure Relief Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230
AR-140 Set Pressures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230
AR-141 For a Single Relief Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230
AR-142 For Multiple Relief Devices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230
AR-143 Pressure Effects to Be Included in Setting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231
AR-144 Pressure Gage Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231
AR-145 Set Pressure Tolerances. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231
AR-150 Permissible Overpressures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231
AR-160 Proration of Stamped Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231
AR-161 Conversion of Capacity for a Different Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231

Article R-2 Material and Design Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232


AR-200 Minimum Requirements for Pressure Relief Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232
AR-210 Material Selections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232
AR-211 Minimum Size of Safety Relief Valves. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233
AR-213 Drain Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233
AR-214 Welding and Other Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233
AR-220 Inspection of Manufacturing and /or Assembly of Pressure Relief
Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233
AR-230 Production Testing by Manufacturers and Assemblers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234
AR-240 Design Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234

Article R-4 Marking and Stamping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235


AR-400 Marking. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235
AR-401 Safety, Safety Relief, Liquid Relief, and Pilot Operated Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235
AR-401.1 Safety and Safety Relief Valves Certified for Steam Discharging
Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235
AR-401.2 Units of Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235
AR-402 Pressure Relief Valves in Combination With Rupture Disk Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235

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AR-403 Pressure Relief Valves in Combination With Breaking Pin Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236
AR-404 Rupture Disk Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236
AR-405 Spring Loaded Nonreclosing Pressure Relief Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236
AR-410 Use of Code Symbol Stamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236

Article R-5 Certification of Capacity of Safety and Safety Relief Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
AR-500 Certification of Capacity Before Applying Symbol. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
AR-510 Fluid Media and Test Pressures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
AR-511 Fluid Media for Capacity Certification Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
AR-512 Maximum Test Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
AR-513 Tests of Pilot Operated Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
AR-520 Procedures for Capacity Certification Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
AR-521 Three Valve Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
AR-522 Slope Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 238
AR-523 Coefficient of Discharge Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 238
AR-524 Rating of Nozzle Type Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239
AR-530 Where and by Whom Capacity Tests Shall Be Conducted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239
AR-540 Test Data Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239
AR-550 Waiver of Further Tests of Valves Tested Per Section I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239
AR-560 Certification of Capacity of Safety and Safety Relief Valves in Combination
With Nonreclosing Pressure Relief Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240
AR-561 Capacity of Safety or Safety Relief Valves in Combination With a Rupture
Disk Device at the Inlet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240
AR-562 Optional Testing of Rupture Disk Devices and Safety or Safety Relief
Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240
AR-570 Capacity of Breaking Pin Devices in Combination With Safety Relief
Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241

Article R-6 Provisions in Vessels for Installation of Pressure Relieving Devices . . . . . . . . . . . 242
AR-600 Number, Size, and Location of Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242
AR-601 Connections for Vapor Pressure Relief Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242
AR-602 Connections for Liquid Pressure Relief Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242
AR-610 Size of Openings and Nozzles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242
AR-615 Intervening Stop Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242
AR-620 Location of Openings and Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242

Figure
AR-401.1 Official Symbol for Stamp to Denote The American Society of
Mechanical Engineers Standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235

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ARTICLE R-1
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

AR-100 PROTECTION AGAINST indirectly to the atmosphere, may be used as protective


OVERPRESSURE1 devices. Nonreclosing pressure relief devices may be
used either alone or, if applicable, in combination with
(a) All pressure vessels within the scope of this
safety or safety relief valves on vessels.
Division shall be provided with protection against over-
pressure in accordance with this Article.
NOTE: Use of nonreclosing devices of some types may be advisable
(b) Heat exchangers and similar vessels shall be on vessels containing substances that may render a safety or safety
protected against overpressure in case of an internal relief valve inoperative, where a loss of valuable material by leakage
should be avoided, or where contamination of the atmosphere by
failure. leakage of noxious fluids must be avoided. The use of rupture disk
(c) Vessels that are to operate completely filled with devices may also be advisable when very rapid rates of pressure
liquid shall be equipped with pressure relief devices rise may be encountered.
designed for liquid service unless otherwise protected
against overpressure.
(d) The protective devices required in (a) need not
be installed directly on a pressure vessel when the
source of pressure is external to the vessel and is under AR-120 PRESSURE RELIEF VALVES4
such positive control that the pressure in the vessel (a) Safety, safety relief, and relief valves shall be
cannot exceed the design pressure at the operating of the direct spring loaded type.
temperature except as permitted in AR-150. (b) Pilot operated pressure relief valves may be used,
(e) Vessels connected together by a system of ade- provided that the pilot is self-actuated and the main
quate piping not containing valves which can isolate valve will open automatically at not over the set pressure
any vessel may be considered as one unit in figuring and will discharge its full rated capacity if some essential
the required relieving capacity of pressure relieving part of the pilot should fail.
safety devices to be furnished. (c) The spring in a safety valve or safety relief valve
(f) Pressure relieving devices shall be constructed, shall not be set for any pressure more than 5% above
located, and installed so that they are readily accessible or below that for which the valve is marked, unless
for inspection and repair and so that they cannot be the setting is within the spring design range established
readily rendered inoperative (see Appendix A), and by the valve Manufacturer or is determined to be
should be selected on the basis of their intended service. acceptable to the Manufacturer. The initial adjustment
shall be performed by the Manufacturer, his authorized
representative, or an Assembler, and a valve data tag
AR-110 TYPE OF OVERPRESSURE
PROTECTION 3
A nonreclosing pressure relief device is a pressure relief device
2 designed to remain open after operation.
Pressure relief valves, nonreclosing pressure relief
4
devices,3 or flow paths or vents, open directly or A safety valve is a pressure relief valve actuated by inlet static
pressure and characterized by rapid opening or pop action. A relief
valve is a pressure relief valve actuated by inlet static pressure which
1 opens in proportion to the increase in pressure over the opening
Safety devices need not be provided by the vessel Manufacturer, pressure. A safety relief valve is a pressure relief valve characterized
but overpressure protection shall be provided prior to placing the by rapid opening or pop action, or by opening in proportion to the
vessel in service. increase in pressure over the opening pressure, depending on applica-
2
A pressure relief valve is a pressure relief device which is designed tion. A pilot operated pressure relief valve is a pressure relief valve
to reclose and prevent the further flow of fluid after normal conditions in which the major relieving device is combined with and is controlled
have been restored. by a self-actuated auxiliary pressure relief valve.

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AR-120 2001 SECTION VIII DIVISION 2 AR-131.2

shall be provided that identifies the set pressure capacity temperature. At least one disk shall be burst at room
and date. The valve shall be sealed with a seal identi- temperature. The stamped rating at the specified disk
fying the Manufacturer, his authorized representative, temperature shall be the average of the bursts at coinci-
or the Assembler performing the adjustment. dent disk temperature.
(d) The set pressure tolerances, plus or minus, of (b) At least four sample rupture disks, but not less
pressure relief valves shall not exceed 2 psi (13.8 kPa) than 5%, from each lot of rupture disks, made from
for pressures up to and including 70 psi (483 kPa) the same material and of the same size as those to be
and 3% for pressures above 70 psi (483 kPa). used, shall be burst at four different temperatures,
(e) Safety and safety relief valves for steam service distributed over the applicable temperature range for
shall meet the requirements of AR-511. which the disks will be used. This data shall be
used to establish a curve of bursting pressure versus
temperature for the lot of disks. The stamped rating
AR-130 NONRECLOSING PRESSURE at the coincident disk temperature shall be interpolated
RELIEF DEVICES from this curve.
(c) For prebulged, solid metal disks or graphite disks
AR-131 Rupture Disk Devices5 only, a curve of percentage ratio at temperatures other
AR-131.1 Burst Pressure. Every rupture disk shall than ambient may be established as in (b) above, using
have a stamped burst pressure established by the rules one size of disk for each lot of material. At least four
of AR-131.1 within a manufacturing design range6 at bursts at four different temperatures shall be used to
a specified disk temperature,7 and shall be marked with establish the above curve over the applicable tempera-
a lot number. The burst pressure tolerance at the ture range. At least two disks from each lot of disks
specified disk temperature shall not exceed 2 psi made from this lot of material and of the same size
(13.8 kPa) for stamped burst pressure up to and as those to be used shall be burst at ambient temperature
including 40 psi (276 kPa) and 5% for stamped burst to establish the room temperature rating of the lot
pressure above 40 psi (276 kPa). of disks.
The stamped bursting pressure within the manufactur- The percent change of bursting pressure taken from
ing design range at the coincident disk temperature the above curve shall be used to establish the stamped
shall be derived by one of the following methods. All rating at the coincident disk temperature for the lot
the tests of disks for a given lot shall be made in a of disks.
holder of the same form and dimensions as that with
which the disk is to be used. AR-131.2 Capacity Rating
(a) At least two sample rupture disks from each lot (a) The calculated capacity rating of a rupture disk
of rupture disks, made from the same materials and device shall not exceed a value based on the applicable
of the same size as those to be used, shall be burst theoretical formula (see AR-500) for the various media
to verify that the stamped bursting pressure falls within multiplied by:
the manufacturing design range at the coincident disk
K p coefficient p 0.62
5
A rupture disk device is a nonreclosing pressure relief device
actuated by inlet static pressure and designed to function by the
bursting of a pressure containing disk. A rupture disk is the pressure
containing and pressure sensitive element of a rupture disk device. The area A (square inches) in the theoretical formula
A rupture disk holder is the structure which encloses and clamps shall be the minimum net area existing after disk burst.8
the rupture disk in position. Rupture disks may be designed in (b) In lieu of the method of capacity rating given
several configurations, such as plain flat, prebulged, or reverse
buckling, and may be made of either ductile or brittle material; in (a) above, a manufacturer may have the capacity
rupture disk material is not required to conform to an ASME of a given rupture disk device design determined for
specification. The material of the rupture disk holder shall be listed the KD coefficient in general accordance with the proce-
in Section II and this Division.
6 dures of AR-500, as applicable.
The manufacturing design range is a range of pressure within
which the average burst pressure of test disks must fall to be
acceptable for a particular requirement as agreed upon between the
rupture disk manufacturer and the user or his agent. The disk will 8
The minimum net flow area is defined as the calculated net area
be marked with the average burst pressure of all test disks. after complete burst of the disk with appropriate allowance for any
7
The specified disk temperature supplied to the rupture disk manufac- structural members which may reduce the net flow area through the
turer shall be the temperature of the disk when the disk is expected rupture disk device. The net flow area for sizing purposes shall not
to burst. exceed the nominal pipe size area of the rupture disk device.

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AR-131.3 PART AR PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES AR-131.5

AR-131.3 Sole Relief Device. Application of rupture AR-131.5 Installed Downstream of a Spring
disk devices to liquid service should be carefully evalu- Loaded Safety Relief Valve. A rupture disk device
ated to assure that the design of the rupture disk device may be installed on the outlet side11 of a spring loaded
and the dynamic energy of the system on which it safety relief valve which is opened by direct action of
is installed will result in sufficient opening of the the pressure in the vessel, provided:
rupture disk. (a) the valve is so designed that it will not fail to
A rupture disk device may be used as the sole open at its proper pressure setting regardless of any
pressure relieving device on a vessel. back pressure that can accumulate between the valve
disk and the rupture disk. The space between the valve
NOTE: When rupture disk devices are used, it is recommended that
the design pressure of the vessel be sufficiently above the intended disk and the rupture disk shall be vented or drained
operating pressure to provide sufficient margin between operating to prevent accumulation of pressure due to small amount
pressure and rupture disk bursting pressure to prevent premature
failure of the rupture disk due to fatigue or creep.
of leakage from the valve.12
(b) the valve is ample in capacity to meet the require-
AR-131.4 Installed Upstream of Pressure Relief ments of AR-150(a), (b), and (c);
Valve. A rupture disk device may be installed between (c) the stamped bursting pressure of the rupture disk
a pressure relief valve9 and the vessel provided: at the coincident temperature plus any pressure in the
(a) the combination of the spring loaded safety or outlet piping shall not exceed the design pressure of
safety relief valve and the rupture disk device is ample the outlet portion of the safety or safety relief valve
in capacity to meet the requirements of AR-150; and any pipe or fitting between the valve and the
(b) the stamped capacity of a spring loaded safety rupture disk device. However, in no case shall the
or safety relief valve (nozzle type) when installed with stamped bursting pressure of the rupture disk at the
a rupture disk device between the inlet of the valve coincident disk temperature plus any pressure in the
and the vessel shall be multiplied by a factor of 0.80 outlet piping exceed the maximum allowable working
of the rated relieving capacity of the valve alone, or pressure of the vessel or the set pressure of the safety
alternatively, the capacity of such a combination shall or safety relief valve.
be established in accordance with (c);
(d) the opening provided through the rupture disk
(c) the capacity of the combination of the rupture
device after breakage is sufficient to permit a flow
disk device and the spring loaded safety or safety
equal to the rated capacity of the attached safety or
relief valve may be established in accordance with the
safety relief valve without exceeding the allowable
appropriate paragraphs of AR-560;
overpressure;
(d) the space between a rupture disk device and a
safety or safety relief valve shall be provided with a (e) any piping beyond the rupture disk cannot be
pressure gage, a try cock, free vent, or suitable telltale obstructed by the rupture disk or fragment;
indicator. This arrangement permits detection of disk (f) the contents of the vessel are clean fluids, free
rupture or leakage.10 from gumming or clogging matter, so that accumulation
(e) the opening (see footnote 8) provided through in the space between the valve inlet and the rupture
the rupture disk, after burst, is sufficient to permit a disk (or in any other outlet that may be provided) will
flow equal to the capacity of the valve [see (b) and not clog the outlet;
(c) above], and there is no chance of interference with (g) the bonnet of the safety relief valve shall be
proper functioning of the valve; but in no case shall vented to prevent accumulation of pressure.
this area be less than 80% of the area of the inlet of
the valve unless the capacity and functioning of the
specific combination of rupture disk and valve have
been established by test in accordance with AR-560. 11
This use of a rupture disk device in series with the safety or
safety relief valve is permitted to minimize the loss by leakage
through the valve of valuable or of noxious or otherwise hazardous
9
Use of a rupture disk device in combination with a pressure relief materials, and where a rupture disk alone or disk located on the
valve should be carefully evaluated to insure that the media being inlet side of the valve is impracticable, or to prevent corrosive gases
handled and the valve operational characteristics will result in opening from a common discharge line reaching the valve internals.
action of the valve coincident with the bursting of the rupture disk. 12
Users are warned that an ordinary spring loaded safety relief valve
10
Users are warned that a rupture disk will not burst at its design will not open at its set pressure if back pressure builds up in the
pressure if back pressure builds up in the space between the disk space between the valve and rupture disk. A specially designed valve
and the safety or safety relief valve, which will occur should leakage is required, such as a diaphragm valve or a valve equipped with a
develop in the rupture disk due to corrosion or other cause. bellows above the disk.

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AR-132 2001 SECTION VIII DIVISION 2 AR-142

AR-132 Breaking Pin Device13 means fail, the device will achieve full opening at or
below its set pressure. Such a device may not be used
(a) Breaking pin devices shall not be used as single
in combination with any other pressure relief device.
devices but only in combination between the safety or
The tolerance on opening point shall not exceed 5%.
safety relief valve and the vessel.
(b) The calculated capacity rating of a spring loaded
(b) The space between a breaking pin device and a
nonreclosing pressure relief device shall not exceed a
safety or safety relief valve shall be provided with a
value based on the applicable theoretical formula (see
pressure gage, a try cock, a free vent, or suitable
AR-500) for the various media, multiplied by:
telltale indicator. This arrangement permits detection
of breaking pin device operation or leakage.
(c) Each breaking pin device shall have a rated K p coefficient p 0.62
pressure and temperature at which the pin will break.
The breaking pin shall be identified by a lot number
and shall be guaranteed by the manufacturer to break The area A (square inches) in the theoretical formula
when the rated pressure, within the following tolerances, shall be the flow area through the minimum opening
is applied to the device. of the nonreclosing pressure relief device.
Rated Pressure, psi (kPa) (c) In lieu of the method of capacity rating given
in (b) above, a manufacturer may have the capacity
Minimum Maximum Tolerance, Plus or Minus, psi (kPa) of a spring loaded nonreclosing pressure relief device
30 (207) 150 (1034) 5 (35) design certified in general accordance with the proce-
151 (1041) 275 (1896) 10 (69) dures of AR-500, as applicable.
276 (1903) 375 (2586) 15 (103)

(d) The rated pressure of the breaking pin plus the


tolerance in pounds per square inch shall not exceed
105% of the maximum allowable working pressure of AR-140 SET PRESSURES
the vessel to which it is applied.
(e) The rated pressure at the coincident operating AR-141 For a Single Relief Device
temperature14 shall be verified by breaking two or more A single pressure relieving device shall be set to
sample breaking pins from each lot of the same material operate15 at a pressure (see AR-145 for tolerances) not
and the same size as those to be used. The lot size exceeding the design pressure of the vessel at the
shall not exceed 25. The test shall be made in a device operating temperature, except as permitted in AR-142.
of the same form and pressure dimensions as that in
which the breaking pin is to be used.

AR-142 For Multiple Relief Devices


AR-133 Spring Loaded Nonreclosing Pressure
Relief Devices (a) If the required discharging capacity is supplied
by more than one device, only one need be set to
(a) A spring loaded nonreclosing pressure relief de- operate at a pressure not exceeding the design pressure
vice, pressure actuated by means which permit the of the vessel. The additional device or devices may
spring loaded portion of the device to open at the be set at a higher pressure but not to exceed 105%
specified set pressure and remain open until manually of the design pressure of the vessel, except as provided
reset, may be used provided the design of the spring in (b).
loaded nonreclosing device is such that if the actuating
(b) When supplemental relieving devices are provided
for protection against excessive pressure due to exposure
13
A breaking pin device is a nonreclosing pressure relief device to fire or other unexpected sources of external heat,
actuated by inlet static pressure and designed to function by the such devices shall be set to operate at a pressure not
breakage of a load-carrying section of a pin which supports a pressure
containing member. A breaking pin is the load-carrying element of in excess of 110% of the design pressure of the vessel
a breaking pin device. A breaking pin housing is the structure which [see AR-150(c)].
encloses the breaking pin mechanism. The material of the housing
shall be listed in Section II and this Division.
14 15
The specified temperature supplied to the breaking pin manufacturer Set to operate means the set pressure of a pressure relief valve
should be the temperature of the breaking pin when an emergency or a spring loaded nonreclosing device, the bursting pressure of a
condition exists and the pin is expected to break. rupture disk device, or the breaking pressure of a breaking pin device.

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AR-143 PART AR PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES AR-161

AR-143 Pressure Effects to Be Included in (d) The same pressure relieving devices may be used
Setting to satisfy the capacity requirements of (a) and (c) or
(b) and (c), provided the pressure setting requirements
The pressure at which any device is set shall include
of AR-140 are met.
the effects of static head and back pressure.

AR-144 Pressure Gage Range AR-160 PRORATION OF STAMPED


CAPACITY
If a pressure indicating gage is provided to determine
the vessel pressure at or near the set pressure of the (a) To prorate the relieving capacity of any relieving
relief device, one should be selected that is graduated pressure greater than 1.10p, as permitted under AR-
with an upper limit that is neither less than 1.25 times 140 and AR-150, a multiplier may be applied to the
the set pressure of the relief device nor more than official relieving capacity of a pressure relieving device
twice the design pressure of the vessel. Additional as follows.
gages may be installed if desired. Customary units:

P + 14.7
AR-145 Set Pressure Tolerances 1.10p + 14.7

Set pressure tolerances, as stated in AR-120 and SI units:


AR-130, are sufficiently restrictive so that the nominal
set-to-operate pressure of the overpressure protection P + 101
device may equal the design pressure of the vessel. 1.10p + 101

where
Pp relieving pressure, psig (kPa)
AR-150 PERMISSIBLE OVERPRESSURES
pp set pressure, psig (kPa)
The aggregate capacity of the pressure relieving For steam pressures above 1,500 psig (10,000 kPa),
devices, open flow paths, or vents shall be sufficient the above multiplier is not applicable. For steam valves
to prevent overpressure in excess of those specified in with relieving pressures greater than 1,500 psig
(a), (b), and (c) when the pressure relieving devices (10,000 kPa) and less than or equal to 3,200 psig
are discharging. (22,100 kPa), the capacity at relieving pressures greater
(a) The permissible overpressure for all pressure than 1.10p shall be determined using the equation for
vessels constructed according to this Division shall be steam and the correction factor for high pressure steam
limited to not more than 10% or 3 psi (20.6 kPa), in AR-523 with the permitted absolute relieving pressure
whichever is greater, above the design pressure of the and the coefficient K for that valve design.
vessel, except as provided in (b) and (c). See AR-140 (b) The official rated capacity of a pressure relieving
for pressure settings. safety device shall be that which is stamped on the
(b) The permissible overpressure for vessels provided device and guaranteed by the manufacturer.
with multiple pressure relieving devices in accordance
with AR-142(a) shall be limited to 16% or 4 psi
(28 kPa), whichever is greater, above the design AR-161 Conversion of Capacity for a
Different Fluid
pressure.
(c) The permissible overpressure shall be limited to The rated pressure relieving capacity of a pressure
21% of the design pressure when the pressure relief relief valve for other than steam or air shall be deter-
devices are discharging for conditions such as exposure mined by the method of conversion given in Appen-
to fire or other unexpected sources of external heat. dix 10.

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