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Diversity of Herpetofauna herpetofauna Along along an Elevation elevation

Gradient gradient in at Mount Ciremai National Park, Indonesia


Anggun Aiyla Nova, Sandy Leo, Muhammad Suherman
Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Indonesia

Facing the global environmental crisis this day makes study about biodiversity becomes an
important thing to do. Elevation gradients iswere one of the most prominent factorsimportant
factor whichthat can affect the diversity of herpetofauna. This study aims to provide
ecological dataset of herpetofauna diversity and distribution along elevational gradients in
Mount Ciremai National Park (MCNP), West Java, Indonesia. for the development of
conservation policies in this area. We collected herpetofauna by using two method composed
of Two methods were used in this study; Belt belt Transect transect with Visual visual
Encounter encounter Survey survey and Pitfall pitfall Traps traps in different altitudes, .
furthermore Shannon Wiener Index (H), Margalefs Index (R), Evenness Index (E), and
Jaccards index were used to determine the diversity, richness, evenness, and similarity of the
herpetofauna which were calculated by PAST 2.17c software. We found nine families of
herpetofauna including Bufonidae, Dicroglossidae, Megophrydae, Ranidae, Rhacophoridae,
Agamidae, Colubridae, Geckonidae, and Scincidae. There wereA total of fifteen15 species of
herpetofauna found in this study, includinghas been recorded in this study comprised of 10
ten anurans, 3 three lizards, and 2 two snakes. The families recorded were Bufonidae,
Dicroglossidae, Megophrydae, Ranidae, Rhacophoridae, Agamidae, Colubridae, Geckonidae,
and Scincidae. The varying altitude of the sites leads to the different values of H, R, and E.
Diversity of herpetofauna in MCNP was highest at site E which located on altitude 1200
1300 masl, from this altitude the diversity of herpetofauna was decreased and cannot be
founded at altitudes above 2000 masl and there is a decline in some number of species
compared with a previous study in 2008. Monitoring and regulation of MCNP visitors must
be applied to conserve biodiversity of herpetofauna in that site.