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Siyi Liang


Period 3


The Research Paper of Hero

A man who born justice; he had dream to be a hero. He hoped the world to be peaceful,

and he want everyone to have equal right. His name is Abraham Lincoln; Abraham Lincoln, a

self-taught Illinois lawyer and legislator with a reputation as an eloquent opponent of slavery,

shocked many when he overcame several more prominent contenders to win the Republican

Partys nomination for president in 1860. His election that November pushed several Southern

states to secede by the time of his inauguration in March 1861, and the Civil War began barely a

month later. Lincoln turned the Civil War into a fight for universal human rights. In the

Gettysburg Address, he spoke of the United States experiencing a new birth of freedom. Lincoln

helped people see that the tide of history had turned against slavery and that it was time for a

new policy with regard to race. In pursuit of this cause, Lincoln assisted in the passage of the

13th, 14th and 15th Amendments, which outlawed slavery, gave freed slaves citizenship and

established their right to vote. Abraham Lincoln was a hero because he helped people fought for

freedom, advocated for peace, and abolished slavery.

Lincoln was a communicator who artfully wove his vision for a free America with the

priorities of his countrymen. This is no small feat, and one executives wrestle with daily. Often,

its difficult to make executive decisions that are best for long-term success when they conflict

with short-term interests. Lincoln was a speaker of the people. In other words, he simplified his

vision and presented it in a way that conveyed his understanding of the people and supported his

larger purpose. According to Preface by Lewis Lehrman, I have always thought that all men

should be free; but if any should be slaves, it should be first those who desire it for themselves,

and secondly , those who desire it for others. When I hear anyone arguing for slavery, I feel a

strong impulse to see it tried on him personally, President Lincoln told an Indiana Regiment

passing through Washington less than a month before his murder. (Lewis Lehrman) The

comment show Abraham Lincoln was communicator because he had a ideas to help people solve

the problem in the peaceful way. In the meantime, Abraham Lincoln want them to get the benefit

that should have in this nation. Mr. Lincoln thought deeply on the subject of liberty. He knew it

was a vital but fragile concept, which needed to be nurtured. Nearly a decade earlier, in the midst

of furor over the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Mr. Lincoln had said in Peoria, Illinois: "Little by little,

but steadily as man's march to the grave, we have been given up the old for the new faith. Nearly

eighty years ago we began by declaring that all men are created equal; but now from that

beginning They have to be down to the other declaration, that for some men to enslave others is a

'sacred right of self-government. These principles can not stand together. They are as opposite as

God and Mammon; and whoever holds to the one must despise The other. According to Lewis

Lehrman, A few months earlier, he had written some notes perhaps for a speech not given:

Most governments have been based, practically, on the denial of equal rights of men, as I have,

in part, stated them ours began, by affirming those rights. They said, some men are too ignorant,

and vicious, to share in government. Possibly so, said we; and, by your system, you would

always keep them ignorant, and vicious. We proposed to give all a chance; and we expected the

weak to grow stronger, the ignorant,wiser, and all better, and happier together. (Lewis Lehrman)

The purpose of this is Abraham Lincoln dislike the way that government are doing in the past

because the government make other people look weakness depend what color of the skins. Since,

Abraham Lincoln want to reform the way that the government doing in the past, and he was

everyone to be equal. Liberty was the cornerstone of the Republic, enshrined in Declaration of

Independence. It was the cornerstone of republican government and a bulwark for the growth of

democracy elsewhere. In the Peoria speech, Mr. Lincoln said: This declared indifference, but, as

I must think, covert real zeal, for the spread of slavery, I cannot but hate. I hate it because it

deprives our republican example of its just influence in the world; enables the enemies of free

institutions with plausibility to taunt us as hypocrites; cause the real friends of freedom to doubt

our sincerity; and especially because it forces so many good men among ourselves into an open

war with the very fundamental principles of civil liberty, criticizing the Declaration of

Independence, and insisting that there is no right principle of action but self-interest. According

to Lewis Lehrman, Mr. Lincoln did not believe that under then current law slavery could be

abolished where it already existed. But morally and constitutionally, Mr. Lincoln believed it must

and could be restricted where it did not exist. In an 1858 speech in Chicago, Mr. Lincoln said: If

we cannot give freedom to every creature, let us do nothing that will impose slavery upon any

other creature.5 In Kansas in early December 1859, Mr. Lincoln said There is no justification

for prohibiting slavery anywhere, save only in the assumption that slavery is wrong.6 In

Hartford on March 5, 1860, Mr. Lincoln said: If slavery is right, it ought to be extended; if not,

it ought to be restricted there is no middle ground. (Lewis Lehrman). Abraham Lincoln

believed that slavery is not a right thing to do because they are doing anything without having

any pay back. Can you imagine you are doing something that you dislike to do and you still need

to listen to them. Abraham Lincoln was the person that we should be learn from him; he teached

us how to be a good human being. Everyone have a same freedom as you treat other people like


After Lincoln's election, many Southern states, fearing Republican control in the

government, seceded from the Union. Lincoln faced the greatest internal crisis of any U.S.

president. After the fall of Ft. Sumter, Lincoln raised an army and decided to fight to save the

Union from falling apart. Despite enormous pressures, loss of life, battlefield setbacks, generals

who weren't ready to fight, assassination threats, etc., Lincoln stuck with this pro-Union policy

for four long years of Civil War. On Jan. 1, 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation went into

effect. This was Lincoln's declaration of freedom for all slaves in the areas of the Confederacy

not under Union control. According to MICHAEL VORENBERG, The last day of 1862 was a

busy one for Abraham Lincoln. Aside from his daily trudge to the War Office, which in the wake

of recent Union army defeats in the East at Fredericksburg and in the West at Vicksburg (the first

assault) had become even ghastlier in its dependable gloom, the commander-in-chief also had to

make final preparations for his boldest measure so far, the Final Emancipation Proclamation,

which he was to sign the next day. Early in the day he presided over the final discussion of the

proclamation with his cabinet. That afternoon, with painstaking care, he began to write out the

final document. Late into the night and into the dawn, Lincoln finished the document, although

perhaps still not to his satisfaction. He knew, as he told Senator Charles Sumner, "that the name

connected with this document will never be forgotten. (MICHAEL VORENBERG) The

comment show Abraham Lincoln was working hard to make the Union to be peaceful because he

doesnt want the people from this nation to hurt each other. Also, the nation fight again will make

the United State lose power, and it can be dangerous to the people living in United State because

the other counties make take a chance to attack United States. According to MICHAEL

VORENBERG, former owners has long perplexed and frustrated historians, just as it did

Lincoln's contemporaries. Although most historians have conceded that Lincoln was motivated

by politics as well as principle in his approach to emancipation and equal rights for blacks, there

has been unending debate on his commitment to racial equality. On the specific issue of

colonization, scholars have focused far less on Lincoln's political calculations and far more on

possible racial motivations. (MICHAEL VORENBERG) The purpose of that is the slavery is

the main issue of the United State because the slavery is not right for working without receive

any payment. The people care about this a lot, they need to peaceful for different race. According

to MICHAEL VORENBERG, thus jeopardizing his ultimate goal of making emancipation an

acceptable war aim to the Union cause. Lincoln, always a careful politician, admitted nothing of

political motives behind his advocacy of colonization, so we are left only with his actions and the

opinions of his contemporaries to lend insight into his true intentions. Yet even with such limited

evidence, a clear picture emerges of Lincoln using the prospect of black colonization to make

emancipation more acceptable to conservatives and then abandoning all efforts at colonization

once he made the determined step toward emancipation in the Final Emancipation

Proclamation. (MICHAEL VORENBERG). The purpose of Abraham Lincoln is to help the

slavery to be freedom, and they can get a job from getting pay. In the meantime, Abraham

Lincoln want to reform a lot of thing to make the United States to be great. To make a world

peaceful is not easy thing to do, you have spend a lot of time on it. You do not think that you are

doing these thing for purpose if you did these for purpose. These is not meaning for doing that.

Abraham Lincoln is an example to help the people without paying back.

Reading and writing is illegal. And all slaves must carry documents to show which

master owns them. Once every four or five days, at least one slave per plantation is whipped. If a

slave tries to escape, the dogs used in tracking will mutilate on catching, and kill if not pulled off

in time. Punishments for escaping include branding, the cutting of the Achilles tendon, and

having one's ears cut off. Not that a runaway can expect much mercy if they make it to the North.

In 1857, the US Supreme Court declares that a slave cannot sue for his freedom because hes not

a person, but property. According to Frederick Douglas, But the confederacy has already been

born. Slave rebellions, religion and politics had failed to abolish slavery. It remained to be seen

whether it could survive Civil War. Four months in, Lincoln countermands a Generals order to

free slaves of owners resisting the US, fearful that this will commit him to a totally abolitionist

stance. But soon former slaves shed their blood in the conflict. The BBC programme, Abraham

Lincoln: Saint or Sinner argues that this changed Lincoln. In 1863, his final Emancipation

Proclamation frees the slaves. And by the end of the war, it is likely that Lincoln is committed to

not just ending slavery, but ensuring full citizenship to the black race. Less than a week after

Robert E. Lee effectively surrenders the Confederacy, Lincoln is assassinated. The great post-

war Reconstruction now occurs without the very man who could have ensured all the bloodshed

was not in vain. ( Frederick Douglas) The purpose of Abraham Lincoln is to set the salary to be

free, even though he know he will be murde. He thought he can get more people to be

free,instead of he will not be murde. According to Easy Understandable English for Learners,

Many people say that Lincoln was Americas most important president. He ended slavery and

helped America stay one country. ( Easy Understandable English for Learners) The comment of

that show Abraham Lincoln save more black people life because he set them free and they can

have their own job. According to Easy Understandable English for Learners, On January 1st

1863, Lincoln declared that all slaves in America were free. But nothing really changed for them.

They kept on working for white landowners in the Southern states for the next decades. (Easy

Understandable English for Learners). The comment of that show Abraham Lincoln working so

hard to make the economy to be better. The economy during that time is important because the

more economy that you have in the nation the nation will more more stronger.

Lincoln was Americas most important president. He ended slavery and helped America
stay one country. Five days later Lincoln attended a theatre performance in Washington. Shortly
after 10 oclock he was shot in the head by John Booth, a famous actor. Lincoln died a few hours
later. Abraham Lincoln was a hero because he helped people fought for freedom, advocated for
peace, and abolished slavery.

Word Cited

"Lewis E. Lehrman - American History, American Economics, Abraham Lincoln." Lewis E.

Lehrman - American History, American Economics, Abraham Lincoln. N.p., n.d.

Web. 21 Dec. 2016."

"Abraham Lincoln and the Politics of Black Colonization." Vorenberg, Michael. Michigan

Publishing, University of Michigan Library, n.d. Web. 21 Dec. 2016.

"Frederick Douglass -" N.p., n.d. Web. 21

Dec. 2016.

"English Online." Abraham Lincoln | Civil War and the End of Slavery. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Dec.