AP CPM Calculus syllabus

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AP CPM Calculus syllabus

© All Rights Reserved

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The course develops calculus in an intuitive, conceptual manner and prepares students for the AP calculus

exam. Laboratory experiments and hands-on activities are integrated throughout the curriculum as key concepts

for learning and conceptual understanding. Students are expected to work collaboratively in study teams;

explain; justify and present ideas; and demonstrate persistence when asked to develop difficult concepts for

themselves.

This calculus course will incorporate technology on a daily basis as a tool for learning. All chapters have labs

and other major investigations which will rely on students proficiency with the graphing calculator. The

course has three major activities during which the students use a CBL or CBR to collect data and analyze rates

of change. Key problems also rely on the regression feature of the calculator. Since the AP exam requires

students to be proficient in using a graphing calculator, this course assumes that students have access to one in

class and at home.

Our school uses the College Preparatory Mathematics (CPM) textbook series from 6th grade through AP

calculus. This textbook series emphasizes the connection between graphical, numerical, analytical, and verbal

representations of the math they are studying.

Pre-Calculus topics: Functions, holes and asymptotes, limits, continuity, velocity, using rectangles to

approximate the area under a curve.

Calculus topics: derivatives, integrals, the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, differential equations,

optimization and other applications.

Review: 4 weeks

Writing

Written explanations and justifications are an integral part of the CPM curriculum. Our AP-Calculus

students will have four years of experience with written responses and will be expected to continue to

develop and refine this essential skill. All problems listed in the writing section (by chapter) require

students to write answers in complete sentences.

Students create and keep toolkits to summarize, in their own words, key concepts, definitions, and formulas.

These toolkits are primarily comprised of the Math Notes Box sections in each chapter. Bold numbers are

the page numbers that contain a Math Note Box.

Problems that are underlined are investigations. Investigations are often open-ended and students are

encouraged to experiment and explore. Goals of the investigation are clearly stated before students begin.

Teachers are responsible for observing, listening and questioning. If key ideas are missing, the teacher is

responsible for pointing students in the right direction. Students then continue the investigation after the

discussion. This is a time consuming process, but students will remember the results if they go through the

investigation. After the investigation is complete, students report their findings in a presentation that

requires both written and verbal communication. Students are required to submit an investigative report that

includes both analysis and written explanations and justifications for the work submitted.

All other problems listed in the writing section (by chapter) require students to explain, justify, describe, and

summarize.

Teaching Strategies

Team work

Individual work

Labs

Chapter closure activities and quizzes to verify understanding

Technology

Technology

TI-83 and TI-84 Graphing calculators - daily

CBL and CBR

Internet activities to show solids and animate concepts

Geometers Sketchpad

Student Evaluation

Summative (Individual Test): 45%

Formative (Learning Targets/Bench Mark/Standards Quiz): 35%

Team Assessments: 10%

Final Exam: 10%

Teacher Resources

Textbook: Dietiker, Sallee, Kysh, Hoey. College Preparatory Mathematics Calculus. Second Edition,

Sacramento, CA: CPM Educational Program, 2003, 2010.

Other Resources

David Lederman. Multiple-choice & Free Response Questions in Preparation for the AP Calculus(AB)

Examination. Eighth edition. New York. D & S Marketing Systems, Inc. Copyright 2003.

o Special Focus Materials

o Curriculum Modules

o Differential Equations

o Related Rates

o History of Calculus

Study of some BC topics, including Newtons Method for Approximating Roots, lHopitals Rule,

Improper Integrals, Integration by Parts.

Student projects using calculus topics studied in the course.

Review for the course final exam.

Course Planner

3 weeks, 1 day

Chapter 1 Review Topics from previous courses such as piecewise functions,

A Beginning compositions, inverses, even & odd functions, domain & range,

Look at Calculus horizontal and vertical asymptotes.

Develop the concepts of slope and slope functions

Study how particular functions change by examining finite

differences.

Examine both the velocity and distance graph of an object in

motion to find average velocity and acceleration.

Slope Walk. This experiment will challenge students to recreate a given

distance/time graph on a graphing calculator by walking toward and away

from the motion detector. Students will experience the relationship of their

speed to the slope of the graph. Students will then translate the slope of the

function into slope statements and extend the idea to each of the parent

graphs. The Slope Walk will also be used to help students discover

relationships between position, velocity, and acceleration.

Writing:

Explain, Justify, Describe, and Summarize Problem #s:

7, 10, 20, 24, 25, 37, 55, 70, 72, 84, 95, 101, 105, 119, 131, 132,

184, 195, 197

Investigation Problem #s:

92, 96, 97, 98, 99, 110, 111, 112,

Toolkit Entries Page #s:

5, 9, 10, 15, 18, 22, 27, 31, 42, 52, 63

2 weeks, 2 days

Chapter 2 Approximate the area under the curve using Riemann sums and

Rates, Sums, summation notation.

Limits, and Predict function behavior with limits.

Continuity Use limits to define continuity and see how continuity provides

the basis for the Intermediate Value Theorem

Develop a method to approximate the velocity of an object at an

instant.

Discuss the local linearity of well-behaved functions

Analyze proofs of limits of sin(h)/h and (1-cos(h))/h as h goes to

0.

area under a curve with a TI-84 graphing calculator after first computing

the results by hand. The calculator will not only confirm their results but

offer an expedited method of finding the area so that the result can be

applied to the rest of the problem.

Writing:

Explain, Justify, Describe, and Summarize Problem #s:

7, 8, 20, 21, 36, 37, 38, 81, 105, 107, 125, 128, 138, 143

Investigation Problem #s:

102,103, 112, 113, 132, 135

Toolkit Entries Page #s:

75, 76, 82, 87, 94, 96, 110, 111

Chapter Topics Timeline

Chapter 3 3 weeks

Slope and Curve Find slope functions for most Parent Graphs both graphically and

Analysis analytically.

Derive and use the formal definition of a derivative as the limit of

the slope of a secant line.

Find derivatives of sine, cosine, and formalize the Power Rule.

Discover what 1st and 2nd indicate about a functions shape,

including where it is increasing, decreasing and its concavity.

Sketch f(x) and f(x) from f(x).

Connect derivatives and second derivatives with velocity and

acceleration.

Antidifferentiate

Investigate and categorize functions that are not differentiable

everywhere.

graphing calculators to find the slope of the tangent line. They will use this

calculation to help find the equation of a tangent line and confirm their

results by graphing the tangent line and original function on the calculator.

Writing:

Explain, Justify, Describe, and Summarize Problem #s:

7, 8, 20, 21, 36, 37, 38, 81, 105, 107, 125, 128, 138, 143

Investigation Problem #s:

7, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 70, 96, 99, 111, 112, 144, 145

Toolkit Entries Page #s:

124, 126, 131, 148, 155, 161, 163, 164,

3 weeks

Chapter 4 The Set up and evaluate an integral to find the exact area under a curve

Fundamental Crete area functions to find the area under a curve between a fixed

Theorem of number and a variable endpoint.

Calculus Investigate the properties of definite integrals.

Discover the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus and use it to

evaluate a definite integral.

Calculate the area of a region between curves

integrals graphically. That way they will connect the shaded area under

the curve with the numeric value.

Writing:

Explain, Justify, Describe, and Summarize Problem #s:

21, 43, 46, 57, 58, 61, 79, 91, 93, 98, 99, 100, 123, 124, 135, 150,

156

Investigation Problem #s:

1, 40, 41, 4265, 66, 67, 95, 96, 97, 106, 107, 116

Toolkit Entries Page #s:

177, 190, 196, 223

Chapter Topics Timeline

2 weeks, 4 days

Chapter 5 Devise functions to model quantities such as velocity,

Optimization and acceleration, volume, profit, cost, time, and area.

Derivative Tools Distinguish between maximum and minimum values using the

first and second derivatives.

Clarify and categorize the different types of extreme values of a

function.

Develop more derivative techniques: Product Rule, Quotient Rule,

and Chain Rule.

Find the Derivative of sec(x), csc(x), tan(x), and cot(x).

given functions, then use their graphing calculators to test their conjectures

by drawing the derivative and comparing it to their guess. They can graph

their conjecture using a thin line and then graph the slope function for the

original using a thicker line. If the thicker line graphs over the thin line,

they can assume they have a match. Students can graph the original

function in Y1, then use nDerive(Y1, X, x-value) to graph the derivative of

Y1 in Y2. They can put their answers to the problems in Y3 to see that it

matches the actual derivative.

Writing:

Explain, Justify, Describe, and Summarize Problem #s:

7, 10, 20, 30, 32, 39, 54, 57, 70, 95, 98, 107, 117, 131, 159

Investigation Problem #s:

1, 2, 12, 13, 48, 59, 60, 78, 110, 111, 128, 129

Toolkit Entries Page #s:

237, 240, 247, 251, 257

2 weeks, 4 days

Chapter 6 Revisit exponential functions and study their derivatives.

More Derivative Explore the mathematical concept e, which arises naturally in

Rules many contexts.

Use implicit differentiation as a tool to differentiate relations that

are not solved explicitly for y.

Find the derivatives of all parent graphs and their inverses.

Develop a process to find the mean value of a function, as well as

an average rate of change for a function.

Evaluate improper integrals.

of tangents at convenient points, and then use a table to find a rule for the

slope function.

Writing:

Explain, Justify, Describe, and Summarize Problem #s:

11, 25, 26, 29, 34, 35, 39, 54, 61, 72, 74, 75, 77, 87, 91, 143, 163,

171

Investigation Problem #s:

79, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124

Toolkit Entries Page #s:

286, 291, 297, 321, 322, 327, 330

Chapter Topics Timeline

3 weeks

Chapter 7 Describe the relationship between rates of change for different

Related Rates scenarios.

and Integration Solve for a rate of change given another related rate of change.

Tools Learn the u-substitution method of integration, which will enable

you to easily integrate a wider variety of functions.

Learn how to use integration to solve special equations involving

derivatives, called differential equations.

Graph differential equations and their solutions using slope fields

and Eulers Method.

Integrate using integration by parts and partial fraction integration.

Students collect temperature data in the Soda Lab to study and quantify

how the rates are changing. Students will then use the data collected to

write a differential equation.

Writing:

Explain, Justify, Describe, and Summarize Problem #s:

9, 18, 24, 25, 52, 55, 77, 101, 111, 121, 122, 125, 126, 132, 134,

186, 188, 199, 207, 208

Investigation Problem #s:

1, 4, 5, 25, 47, 48, 117, 118, 119, 142, 153, 155

Toolkit Entries Page #s:

346, 355, 364, 376

Chapter 8 Use cylindrical shells to find volumes.

Volume Slice solids using cross-sections to find volumes.

Determine the length of an arc.

confirm results by using the integral function on their graphing calculators.

Writing:

Explain, Justify, Describe, and Summarize Problem #s:

41, 52, 59, 62, 68, 79, 88, 100, 109, 140, 143, 144

Investigation Problem #s:

1, 2, 3, 65, 98, 108

Toolkit Entries Page #s:

407, 415, 439

4 weeks

Review AP Calculus AB topics will be completed by the end of March.

Students will then practice taking free response and multiple

choice tests by completing and correcting released exams. Review

topics will include:

Motion

Velocity

Acceleration

Optimization

Related rates

Slope fields

Exponential growth

Differential equations

Solids of revolution

We will also take time to discuss complete answers, justification, and

rounding to three decimal places.

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