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Prepared under fair

use exemption of This presentation is an attempt

Literacy &
the U.S. Copyright to expand our notions of
Law and restricted contemporary literacy, what it
means to be a reader, processor
from further use.
of information, and

Learning
communicator in a time when
information is increasingly
networked, digital, and

The illiterate of
for the 21st Redefining
the 21st century
will not be those CenturyLiteracy for the
who cannot read
and write, but New Information
those who cannot
learn, unlearn, Landscape
and relearn.

-- Alvin Toffler
Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century
David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
http://landmark-project.com/

Online handouts consist of the blog


<handouts.davidwarlick.com>, a wiki
with many additional resources, a
bibliography, an outline, and the
presentation slides.

Using these three


Session Tags: redefine words in your blog
entry will cause your
literacy article to become part
warlick of the online

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
You can also access my online
handouts from SecondLife. If you are
already a resident of SecondLife, then
point your browser to:

http://davidwarlick.com/sl/

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
Suriawang Dapto

My SecondLife avatar, one


of the only avatars in all of
SecondLife who looks
older than his owner.

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
Preparing a Workforce
that could work...
• In straight rows
• Performing repetitive tasks
• Under close supervision
It was an education system that
was perfect in every way for me
and my generation. I grew up in a
three stoplight mill town, where
most of the students I attended
school with went right into one of
the mills, and had every reason to
expect to spend the next 35 years
working in straight rows,
performing repetitive tasks, under
Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century
close supervision.
David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
Today’s information-age work place
where a consultant, working from
home, can provide valuable
information-based services to his
clients.

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
But when we consider the rapid
advances in information
technologies, it is difficult to
impossible to predict how these tools
will serve us in the future, or even the
tools that have yet to be invented. As
we take the obsolete tools out of the
workplace of the future, what we have
left is what we know about our
children’s future.

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
It is true that our lives have
already changed dramatically.
What is different is that today
we know that our world is
changing too fast to predict the
environment our children will

For the first time in history


inherit from us.

Our job as educators


So what do children need

Is to prepare our children to know to be ready for


an unpredictable future?
They must know how to
teach themselves!

For a future
That We can not clearly describe.

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
Literacy as We Know It

R
And this is why we are
teaching literacy, so that
students have the skills
to find the information
they need, to learn what
they need to know, to do
what they need to do --
right now.
Reading
Riting

Rithmetic
Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century
David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
One of our principal questions is,
what does it mean to be literate
today. What does it mean to be a
reader, when information is
increasingly networked, and we are
often accessing content from its
author, without editor, publishers,
librarians, and other filters?
Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century
David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
Davis, Matthew. "Congress 'Made Wikipedia Changes'." BBCNews 9 Feb 2006 12 Nov
2006 <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/4695376.stm>.

We shouldn’t fear Wikipedia. It is


simply a microcosm of today’s
greater information landscape. We
should be teaching students to
read everything the same way that
we want them to read Wikipedia.

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
Heidigoseek, "AADL - New Books." Heidigoseek’s Photostream. 20 Mar 2006. 13 Nov 2006 <http://
flickr.com/photos/heidigoseek/115581765/>.
Althouse, Ann. "September 11th News." Ann Alhause’s Photostream. 11 Sep 2005. 13 Nov 2006
<http://flickr.com/photos/althouse/42300120/>.

There are certainly errors in


Wikipedia. But aren’t there also
errors in the textbooks we give our
children.

It is interesting to consider that our


textbooks typically do not include
warnings about errors, while
Wikipedia does. Who seems more
interested in helping you get to the
best information? Is it the source that
is willing to warn you, or the source
that seems more interested in
protecting its own authority.

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
What’s changed is that
we were taught to
read what somebody
we trusted gave us to
read. In that
information
environment, all you
We were needed to do is read
it.
taught to read
But when our children
what are reading in a global
electronic library, that
somebody almost anyone can
publish to, almost
handed to us. anything they want,
and for almost any
reason they want, our
notions of what it
means to be a reader
expands.

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
Being a reader expands

Reading Text
into a range of skills
involved in taking the
information that you
encounter and finding

E
the true, reliability, and
validity -- finding it

Expands into appropriateness to what


you are trying to
accomplish.

Exposing
What’s True
Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century
David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
Being a reader in today’s
information landscape means...

• Find the Information,

E
• Decode it,
• Critically Evaluate it, and
• Organize it into personal
digital libraries.

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
Drasmus, "SUMMON: Animation." YouTube. 24 Feb 2008. 19 Apr 2008
<http://youtube.com/watch?v=UXsR4sMgaqg>.

So what happens
to arithmetic,
when information
becomes
increasingly
digital?

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
Math is about making
numbers tell their
story. ..and when the
numbers come in the
thousands and they are
digital, then there are
new skills required to
make them tell their
stories.

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
E And what happens when
all information today is
made of numbers, the
ones and zeros that
make text, images,
sounds, video, and
animation. Does the skill
to process information by
working the digital
foundation of that
information become part
of math?

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
Arithmetic
Arithmetic expands
into a range of skills
involved in employing
information to answer

E
questions, solve
problems, and
accomplish goals.

Expands into

Employing
Information
Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century
David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
Anderson, Chris. "The Long Tail." WIRED Magazine Oct 2004. 17 Mar 2005
<http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/12.10/tail.html>.

E Does writing go away?


Absolutely not. Our
opportunities to express
ourselves, especially in
writing, have expanded
enormously, as well as
opportunities to earn
income from the idea
that we share.

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
We’re not producing this
astounding capacity to
communicate for words and
numbers alone. We are producing
this capacity to communicate
because we know that in the 21st
century, we are going to be
communicating with multi-media.

More than 200 sets of


Encyclopedia
Britannica in less
than a minute.
...or hours of
DVD-quality
video

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
Writing When we are
overwhelmed by the
abundance of
information, we must

E
work to select the
Expands into information we are
going to pay attention
to, and the info we’re

Expressing
going to ignore.

Therefore, information
-- our messages --
must compete for
attention in order to

Ideas
have an audience and
accomplish their goal.

This is why it is critical


that students also learn

Compellingly
to communicate with
images, sound, video,
and animation.

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
Molina, Consuelo. "A Sacrifice for You." iCan. 2001. SFETT. 19 Apr
2008 <http://www.sfett.com/html_movie/Ican2/sweatshop.html>.

The Sweatshop Video --


and example of a
students learning to
express what she has
learned compellingly to
an authentic audience.

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
Expanding our Notions of
Reading expands
into exposing what what it is to be Literate

E
is true.

Arithmetic expands


into employing
information.
Exposing
Reading What is True
Writing expands


into expressing
ideas compellingly.
Employing
Arithmetic Information
• Expressing
Writing Ideas Compellingly

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
Jennings, Richi. “Spam
and Other Email Threats:
Market and Technology
Spam
Update.” Ferris Research.
8 Jun 2007. Ferris
Research. 9 Jun 2007
• ..cost the world $50 billion dollars in

E
<http://www.ferris.com/>.

Kerr, Roger. “Hard-


2005 (U.S. $19b).
Hedaded Spending


Decisions not Cold-
Hearted.”
BusinessROUNDTABLE. 2
Expected to double in 2007 (U.S.
Jul 2004. New Zealand
Business Roundtable. 9 $35b).
It’s the cost
Jun 2007 <http://
www.nzbr.org.nz/
of the
documents/articles/
articles-2004/040702Copen According to the
unethical
Copenhagen Consensus
hagen.htm>

abuse of our
information • We could bring HIV/AIDS under control
landscape! for $27 billion.
Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century
David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
Ethics

E Any definition of, and


conversation about, any
notion of literacy in the
21st century must
explicitly include the
ethical use of
information.
Ethics
Ethics

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
My Conclusion?
Stop integrating

E
If we can expand
our notions of
literacy and
integrat that, the
technology will
technology,
come -- but not
because we’re
convinced that
laying our
...and instead, redefine
literacy, and integrate that.
children’s hands on
these machines will
make them
smarter, but
because computers
and the Internet are
the pencil and
paper of our time.

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
We see
Technology
When my son thinks about his digital
experiences, he isn’t thinking about
He sees
Information
technology. He’s thinking about the
information! This is where we should
be as educators -- thinking less about
the technology and more about
teaching from today’s digital,
networked, and abundant information
environment.

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
1983 - 2008

We will have
achieved real
education reform, Not
when no teacher
believes that she for the
can teach the same
thing, the same Weak
Vera B. Hoyle circa 1969

way, year after


year.

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
Today, we should be teaching
literacy so that our students can

Find and use the information they


need,

It’s Not just To learn what they need to know,

To do what they need to do!

Literacy…

It’s learning-Literacy

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
And literacy skills are
no longer enough. It is
literacy habits that our
students should be
developing.

It’s Not just


Literacy skills…

It’s Literacy
Habits

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
And, as a result, we
need to work toward
our students leaving
our schools with a

It’s Not just learning lifestyle.

Lifelong
Learning…
It’s Learning
Lifestyle.

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/
Thank You!

Literacy & Learning in the 21st Century


David Warlick http://handouts.davidwarlick.com/
http://landmark-project.com/sl/