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A380

TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL


MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL III - ATA 36 Pneumatic
This document must be used for training purposes only

Under no circumstances should this document be used as a reference

It will not be updated.

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No part of this manual may be reproduced in any form,
by photostat, microfilm, retrieval system, or any other means,
without the prior written permission of AIRBUS S.A.S.
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL

LEVEL III - ATA 36 PNEUMATIC


Theory System
Pneumatic Air Distribution System Description (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Engine Bleed Air System Description (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
OverHeat Detection System Description (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Pneumatic System Interfaces Description (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Pneumatic System Maintenance (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Operation, Control & Indicating (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Component Location (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
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MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) TABLE OF CONTENTS Apr 21, 2006
LEVEL III - ATA 36 Pneumatic Page 1
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL

PNEUMATIC AIR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3)


General
The PADS controls the supply of pneumatic power from the bleed sources
to the users.
The Users are:
- AGUs (Air Generation Units)
- Hydraulics
- WAI (Wing Anti Icing) system
- MES (Main Engine Start System)
- Service Air System

PADS Components
The main components of the PADS are:
o the HP ground connectors,
o the left hand and right hand crossbleed valves,
o the center crossbleed valve and,
o the APU isolation valve.
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MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) PNEUMATIC AIR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3) Apr 18, 2006
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GENERAL & PADS COMPONENTS

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PNEUMATIC AIR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3)


A visual position indicator is located on the top of the indicator.
PADS Components (continued) A manual override is used for the operation of the valve without
electrical power.
HP Ground Connectors
The weight of the valves is around 6 kg.
The three HP Ground Connectors are installed in the belly fairing.
They are installed on a duct connected to the left hand side of the
bleed manifold.
Each connector is has a check valve and a built-in nipple.
Center Crossbleed Valve and APU Isolation Valve
The Center XBLEED valve and the APU Isolation valve are identical
They are butterfly-type valves with two electrical motors working
independently. One motor is used for automatic control, and the other
for the manual control and as a backup. After each flight, the automatic
operation of the valve is switched to the other motor.
A brake system in each motor locks the butterfly plate in position
when the electrical power supply stops.
A visual position indicator is located on the top of the indicator.
A manual override is used for the operation of the valve without
electrical power.
The weight of the valves is around 9 kg.
Left and Right Hand Crossbleed Valves
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The left hand and right hand XBLEED valves are identical. They are
installed in the wings root.
The main function of these valves is to make sure that the isolation
of adjacent engine bleed to avoids dual loss of engine bleed, especially
when a leak has been detected.
They are butterfly-type valves, with two electrical motors working
independently. One motor is used for automatic control, and the other
for the manual control and as a backup. After each flight, the automatic
operation of the valve is switched to the other motor.
A brake system in each motor locks the butterfly plate in position
when the electrical power supply stops.

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) PNEUMATIC AIR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3) Apr 18, 2006
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PADS COMPONENTS - HP GROUND CONNECTORS ... LEFT AND RIGHT HAND CROSSBLEED VALVES

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A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL

PNEUMATIC AIR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3)


PADS Control
The 4 CPIOMs-A receive control signals from both the cross bleed
selector and the APU bleed valve push button, located on the AIR control
panel.
Each of CPIOM-A is in charge of controlling and monitoring the related
bleed or isolation valve through each relay systems.
A relay system controls the valve direction and the electrical supply.
Each CPIOM-A provides the control and monitoring backup of another
valve in case of failure of one CPIOM-A one DC supply or one valve
motor.
In each CPIOM-A, the PADS application manages all PADS relevant
commands.
The APU bleed valve push button commands the APU bleed valve under
ECB management.
The cross bleed selector sets 3 valves modes in:
- Automatic mode
In case of failure (leak detection), the isolation function separates the
relevant cross bleed duct from the system automatically.
- Open Mode (manual mode)
The center, left and right hand cross bleed valves are open.
- Close mode (manual mode)
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The center, left and right hand cross bleed valves are closed.

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) PNEUMATIC AIR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3) Apr 18, 2006
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PADS CONTROL

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) PNEUMATIC AIR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3) Apr 18, 2006
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PNEUMATIC AIR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3)


PADS valve positions
On ground, if the bleed air is not required, the system commands the 3
cross bleed valves and the APU Isolation Valve to the open position.
In normal operation, with APU supply, all the three cross bleed valves,
the APU Isolation valve and the APU bleed valve are open.
In normal operation, with 4 Engine Bleed Air Systems, all cross bleed
valves and the APU Isolation Valve are closed.
In failure cases, with engine asymmetric engine bleed supply, the 3 cross
bleed valves are automatically open to share the flow between adjacent
engines.
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MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) PNEUMATIC AIR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3) Apr 18, 2006
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A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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PADS VALVE POSITIONS

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A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL

ENGINE BLEED AIR SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3)


EBAS Components
Here are the main components of the Engine Bleed Air System (EBAS):
- IP Bleed Check Valve
- HP Bleed Valve
- Bleed Valve
- OverPressure Valve (OPV)
- Pressure Transducers
- Fan Air Valve (FAV)
- Precooler
- Bleed Temperature Sensor.
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MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) ENGINE BLEED AIR SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3) Apr 18, 2006
LEVEL III - ATA 36 Pneumatic Page 10
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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EBAS COMPONENTS

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) ENGINE BLEED AIR SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3) Apr 18, 2006
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ENGINE BLEED AIR SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3)


- Fulfill the flow balance with the adjacent engine when the crossbleed
EBAS Components (continued) valves are open.
The bleed valve has a solenoid that lets the valve open when energized
IP Bleed Check Valve
and when the upstream pressure is more than 15 psig.
The IP bleed check valve is a fire resistant, dual flapper type non-return When open, a torque motor adjusts the valve position to match the
valve. users needs.
It prevents from reverse flow coming from the adjacent engine or In case of torque motor malfunction, a backup mode lets the valve
from the HP port when the HP Bleed Valve is open. regulate the airflow fully pneumatically.
HP Bleed Valve The valve has a ground test port, a visual position indicator and a
manual override to lock the valve in the closed position.
The HP Bleed valve is a fire resistant pneumatic pressure regulating
The valve weight is 12.8 kg.
and shut-off valve. It is a butterfly type valve.
It is pneumatically actuated and electrically controlled via a solenoid OverPressure Valve (OPV)
(switchless). The OverPressure Valve (OPV) is a fully pneumatically operated
Its main function is to bleed air from the engine HP port. valve. It is a butterfly-type valve.
It is has a solenoid that forces the valve to open when energized and Its main function is to protect the precooler, the ducting and air users
when the upstream pressure is more than 15 psig. against any overpressure due to a failure of the engine bleed pressure
When open, the valve pneumatically regulates the downstream pressure regulation.
to a maximum of 48.5psig. It is spring loaded open.
It also fulfills the reverse flow check function. When the upstream pressure exceeds a preset overpressure value, the
Its muscle pressure is taken upstream of the valve. valve closes. Then, when the upstream pressure reduces to a preset
The valve is has a ground test port, a visual position indicator and a re-opening value, the valve opens again.
manual override to lock to the valve in the closed position. The valve has a ground test port, a visual position indicator and a
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The HP bleed valve weight is 12.7 kg. manual override to lock the valve in the open or close position.
Bleed Valve The valve weight is 6.1 kg.
The bleed valve is a pressure regulating and shut-off valve. It is a Pressure Transducers
butterfly type valve. The four pressure transducers are attached onto a plate installed in
It is pneumatically actuated and electrically controlled (switchless). the pylon (aft secondary structure), rearwards of the precooler.
The Bleed Valve functions are: They are silicon type transducers with integrated interface (output
- Isolate the engine bleed from the crossbleed manifold when voltage), temperature compensated and supplied from 28 VDC
necessary.
- Regulate the downstream pressure to a determined value depending Intermediate Port Pressure Transducer (Pip)
on air users needs.

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A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
The Intermediate Port Pressure Transducer measures the pressure
upstream of the IP Bleed Check Valve, at the Pip port.
It is used to make an estimate of the position of the HP Bleed Valve
in order to make the selection of the engine HP or IP bleed port.
The PipTransducer is the same as the Bleed Transferred Pressure
transducer.
Bleed Transferred Pressure transducer (Pt)
The Bleed Transferred Pressure transducer measures the pressure
upstream the Bleed Valve.
It is used to make the selection of the engine HP or IP bleed port.
The CPIOMs-A use its signal to make an estimate of the position of
the HP Bleed Valve to monitor the Bleed Valve and the HP Bleed
Valve
The Pt transducer is the same as the Intermediate Port Pressure
Transducer.
Bleed Regulated Pressure Transducer (Pr)
The Bleed Regulated Pressure transducer measures the pressure
downstream the Bleed Valve.
The CPIOMs-A use its signal to monitor the position of the Over
Pressure Valve
Bleed differential pressure transducer (P)
The Bleed differential pressure transducer measures the pressure
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difference between the upstream and downstream the precooler.


The P transducer is used for the flow sharing function, reverse flow
monitoring and the valve position monitoring.

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EBAS COMPONENTS - IP BLEED CHECK VALVE ... PRESSURE TRANSDUCERS

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ENGINE BLEED AIR SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3)


EBAS Components (continued)
Fan Air Valve (FAV)
The Fan Air Valve (FAV) is a pneumatically actuated and electrically
controlled valve. It is a butterfly-type valve located in the engine
pylon.
Its function is to regulate fan air-flow through the precooler in order
to cool down the bleed air to a target value, depending on air users
needs.
The FAV is composed of:
- the valve body,
- the FAV actuator.
Precooler
The precooler is an air-to-air heat exchanger that cools down pressure
regulated bleed air by using fan air.
It weights 54.1 kg.
Bleed Temperature Sensor
The bleed temperature sensor is a dual sensor installed in the pylon,
downstream of the precooler. It provides temperature measurement
for temperature control, indication, and over temperature or low
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temperature detection.

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) ENGINE BLEED AIR SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3) Apr 18, 2006
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EBAS COMPONENTS - FAN AIR VALVE (FAV) ... BLEED TEMPERATURE SENSOR

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ENGINE BLEED AIR SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3)


EBAS Control
EBAS Functions
The EBAS fulfills the following main functions:
- Engine Bleed port selection
- Pressure control
- Temperature control
- Flow sharing between engines
- Protection of the engine against reverse flow
- Bleed sources isolation.
- EBAS monitoring
EBAS management through CPIOMs A
The EBAS control is done by the EBAS application hosted in the 4
CPIOMs-A:
- CPIOM-A1 controls the Engine 1 Bleed system and CPIOM-A3 acts
as a backup
- CPIOM-A3 controls the Engine 2 Bleed system and CPIOM-A1 acts
as a backup
- CPIOM-A2 controls the Engine 3 Bleed system and CPIOM-A4 acts
as a backup
- CPIOM-A4 controls the Engine 4 Bleed system and CPIOM-A2 acts
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as a backup.

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EBAS CONTROL

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ENGINE BLEED AIR SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3)


EBAS Control (continued)
Engine Bleed Port Selection
The engine bleed port selection is done by:
- the HP Bleed Valve
- the IP Bleed Check Valve
- the Intermediate Pressure transducer (Pip)
- the Transferred Pressure tranducer (Pt)
- and the EBAS application hosted in the 4 CPIOMs-A.
Depending on IP pressure and air users demand, the CPIOM-A opens
or closes the HP Bleed Valve to select the port to use, by energizing
(open) or de-energizing (close) its solenoid.
During most of flight phases, the IP Bleed Check Valve is open while
the HP Bleed Valve is closed.
When the engine operates at low rating, the HP Bleed Valve is
electrically controlled open and the IP Bleed Check Valve closes by
counter pressure.
Three operating modes can be used for bleed port selection:
- Electronic switching - Air consumer nominal configuration
HPV opening/closing is controlled to make sure that the Air
Generation System (AGS, ATA 21) and Wing Anti Ice valves (WAI,
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ATA 30) will be supplied with 25psig minimum.


- Electronic switching - Air consumer pressure boost configuration
- Pneumatic switching - Degraded mode
When IP port pressure is lower than 48.5 psig then IPCV closes
automatically by counter pressure.

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EBAS CONTROL - ENGINE BLEED PORT SELECTION

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ENGINE BLEED AIR SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3)


According to the temperature feedback, the EBAS application controls
EBAS Control (continued) the Fan Air Valve, via its Torque Motor. Thus the Fan Air Valve
position is adjusted, to meter the fan airflow through the precooler to
Pressure Control
reach the temperature target.
The pressure control is done by: The EBAS is automatically isolated by Bleed Valve closure when the
- the Bleed Valve regulated temperature reaches the following levels during more than
- the Over Pressure Valve (OPV) 55 seconds:
- the Regulated Pressure transducer (Pr) - 260C linked to a regulated pressure less than 45 PSIG
- and the EBAS application hosted in the 4 CPIOMs-A. - 245C linked to a regulated pressure more than 45 PSIG
The Bleed Valve regulates a nominal 40 PSIG pressure. This nominal When the Bleed Valve is controlled closed the Fan Air Valve is also
40 PSIG pressure guarantees a pressure of 30 PSIG max at Air controlled closed.
Generation Unit (AGU) inlet.
The Pressure is sensed by the Regulated Pressure Transducer (Pr) and Flow Sharing between engines
acquired by the EBAS application. The flow sharing between engines is done by:
According to the pressure feedback, the EBAS application controls - the Bleed Valve
the Bleed Valve, via its Torque Motor. Thus the Bleed Valve position - the Precooler
is adjusted to reach the pressure target. - the Differential Pressure Transducer (P)
The PRV is commanded closed automatically when pressure (Pr) - and the EBAS application hosted in the 4 CPIOMs-A.
reaches the following levels during more than 15 seconds: The flow sharing makes sure that each engine is equally bled.
-60 PSIG linked to a temperature less than 245C The flow sharing is initiated when the PADS cross bleed manifold is
-45 PSIG linked to a temperature more than 245C. open (X-BLEED Valves open).
When the Pressure (Pr) increases beyond 85 PSIG, the OPV closes The pressure drop generated by the airflow through the pre-cooler is
and re-opens when the pressure decreases less than 55 PSIG sensed by the Differential Pressure Transducer and acquired by the
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EBAS application. This pressure drop is compared with those of the


Temperature Control
adjacent engines. According to this comparison the EBAS commands
The Temperature Control is done by: the Bleed Valve to equalize the flow with the adjacent engines.
- the Precooler When the cross bleed manifold is closed (X-BLEED Valves closed),
- the Fan Air Valve the flow sharing is done by the Flow Control Valves (ATA21).
- the bleed temperature sensor
- and the EBAS application hosted in the 4 CPIOMs-A. Engine Protection against Reverse Flow
The air temperature downstream the EBAS is regulated at 200C The engine protection against reverse flow is done by:
nominal level, or 150C on request of the air conditioning system. - the IP Bleed Check Valve
The temperature, downstream the precooler, is sensed by the bleed - the HP Bleed Valve
temperature sensor and acquired by the EBAS application. - the Bleed Valve
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- the Precooler EBAS Monitoring
- the Differential Pressure Transducer (P) Pressure and temperature measurements let monitor the system
- and the EBAS application hosted in the 4 CPIOMs-A. behavior and display the system configuration (valve positions,
The IP Bleed Check Valve fulfills the reverse flow protection from pressures and temperatures), to the crew.
the HP port or adjacent engines to the IP port
The droopy design of the HP Bleed Valve enables reverse flow
protection from adjacent engines.
In addition the EBAS is automatically isolated (by Bleed Valve
closure) if a reverse flow is detected, through the precooler, by the
Differential Pressure Transducer (P)
Bleed Sources Isolation
Engine Bleed Isolation Function is done by:
- the Bleed Valve
- the EBAS application hosted in the 4 CPIOMs-A.
- and the cockpit controls.
The Bleed Valve isolates the EBAS when commanded:
Manually:
- By setting the ENGine BLEED P/B switch to off.
- By pushing the ENGine FIRE P/B switch.
In these two cases the Bleed Valve solenoid is de-energized leading
to the Bleed Valve Closure.
Theses switches override the control from the EBAS application.
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Automatically:
- When the engine start sequence is initiated or when the APU bleed
is selected ON
- When a fault is detected or when a leak is detected by the OverHeat
Detection System (OHDS).
- When the engine is not running on ground.
In these 3 cases the EBAS application commands the Bleed Valve
closure.

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EBAS CONTROL - PRESSURE CONTROL ... EBAS MONITORING

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OVERHEAT DETECTION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3)


General
The OverHeat Detection System (OHDS), adjacent to the bleed air ducts,
monitors the ducts for leaks and ruptures.
Its purpose is to prevent any damage, which could result in duct leak or
rupture to the structures and components.
The OHDS has:
- OHDS application hosted in the 4 CPIOMs-A.
- 2 OverHeat Detection Units (OHDU1 and 2)
- and 38 detection loops.
The detection loops include:
- 218 sensor elements
- 76 connecting cables
- and 20 interconnecting cables.

OHDS Loop Installation.


The 38 overheat detection loops (19 loops A plus 19 loops B) are installed
adjacent to the pneumatic air ducts in:
- the fuselage
- the belly fairing
- the wing
- the 4 engine pylons.
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MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OVERHEAT DETECTION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3) Apr 18, 2006
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GENERAL & OHDS LOOP INSTALLATION.

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OVERHEAT DETECTION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3)


In normal operation an overheat alarm is triggered when both loops (A
Detection Loops Monitoring and B), dedicated to a duct, detect together an overheating.
If one OHDU or one OHDU channel becomes faulty, the detection of
The 2 OHDUs are installed in the avionics compartment, they monitor
the remaining single loop is sufficient to trigger an alarm.
the raw data from the detection loops.
If a duct leak or rupture occurs, the system automatically isolates the
The OHDU1 monitors the loops A and the OHDU2 monitors the loops
related duct section.
B.
Additionally, an overheat warning (visual and aural) will be provided in
Each OHDU has 2 independent channels, a channel 1 and a channel 2.
the cockpit through the Control Display System (CDS) and the Flight
OHDU1 Channel 1 monitors: Warning System (FWS).
- Aircraft Left Hand A loops The system also gives, through the On Board Maintenance System (OMS),
- APU 1A a localization function that indicates the access to reach the damaged
- APU 2A. zone of the duct.
OHDU1 Channel 2 monitors:
- Aircraft Right Hand A loops
- APU 3A.
OHDU2 Channel 1 monitors:
- Aircraft Left Hand B loops
- APU 1B
- APU 1B.
OHDU2 Channel 2 monitors:
- Aircraft Right Hand B loops
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- APU 3B
The sensors are serially connected to form electrical loops starting and
ending at the OHDUs
Each OHDU receives power supply from both DC bus and DC essential
bus
Each OHDU channel transfers its data via can busses to the 4 CPIOMs-A
The OHDS application is hosted in the 4 CPIOMs-A.
The 4 CPIOMs-A1 to A4 are part of the Pneumatic and Cabin Functional
Area, they communicate between them via CAN busses and they
communicate to the other aircraft system via the ADCN.

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OVERHEAT DETECTION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3) Apr 18, 2006
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DETECTION LOOPS MONITORING

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OVERHEAT DETECTION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3)


Leak Isolation Function
If a duct leak or rupture occurs, the system automatically isolates the
related duct section by shutting off valves.
Following the different OHDS detection loops that detect, the valves
involved in the isolation are indicated on the chart.
Note that the OHDS can involve valves belonging to the Air Conditioning
(ATA 21)
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LEAK ISOLATION FUNCTION

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OVERHEAT DETECTION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3) Apr 18, 2006
LEVEL III - ATA 36 Pneumatic Page 31
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL

PNEUMATIC SYSTEM INTERFACES DESCRIPTION (3)


Discrete signals are also directly exchanged between the ICPs and the
General CPIOMs-A as backup purpose.
The Control and Display System (CDS), through its ECAMs, monitors
The 4 CPIOMs-A host the 3 applications that manage the pneumatic
the bleed air pressure and temperature and the position of the valves.
system.
The Flight Warning System (FWS) application hosted in the CPIOMs-C
These applications are:
monitors the system to trigger alarms.
- Pneumatic Air Distribution System (PADS) application,
The CDS and CPIOMs-G interface with the CPIOMs-A via the ADCN.
- Engine Bleed Air System (EBAS) application and,
The CPIOMs-A sends also digital outputs via ARINC bus, to the CDS
- Overheat detection System (OHDS) application.
and the CPIOMs-A, as backup purpose.
Within the Pneumatic system, the OverHeat Detection Units 1 & 2
exchange data with the CPIOMs-A, via CAN busses, for the OHDS Maintenance
application.
Basically the CPIOMs-A interface with the other aircraft systems via the The CPIOMs-A exchange maintenance data with:
ADCN. - the On board Maintenance system (OMS) via the ADCN and the Secure
Following the cases, there are other backup devices. Communication Interfaces (SCIs) and
The CPIOMs-A exchange data with aircraft systems for: - the Centralized Data Acquisition Module (CDAM) via the ADCN.
- Control, Monitoring and Indicating
- Maintenance General Operation
- General operation.
The general operation also needs data exchange with other systems.
Control, Monitoring and Indicating These exchanges are achieved through the ADCN with:
- the CPIOMs-B hosting Air Generation System (AGS) application
The AIR panel is common to the pneumatic (ATA36) and the Air - the Anti Ice Control Units (AICUs) for the Wing Anti-Ice (WAI)
Conditionning (ATA21). function
L1W06161 - L0KT0T0 - LM36D4000000001

Concerning the pneumatic system: - the CPIOMs-G3 and G4 hosting the Landing Gear Extension and
- 4 pushbutton switches are located on the AIR panel for the engine bleed, Retraction System (LGERS) application
plus one for the APU bleed. - the 4 Engine Electronic Controllers (EECs) and
These pushbuttons are used for the "FAULT" indicating and manual - the 3 Air Data/Inertial Reference Units (ADIRS)
closure of the relative bleed valves.
- The cross Bleed (X BLEED) selector lets to set the cross bleed valves
on closed, open or in automatic mode.
The AIR panel, from its Integrated Control Panel (ICPs), communicates
with the CPIOMs-A via the IOMs-A1, A2, A5 and A6 and via the ADCN.
The ICPs interface with the IOMs by a CAN bus.

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) PNEUMATIC SYSTEM INTERFACES DESCRIPTION (3) Apr 21, 2006
LEVEL III - ATA 36 Pneumatic Page 32
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
L1W06161 - L0KT0T0 - LM36D4000000001

GENERAL ... GENERAL OPERATION

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) PNEUMATIC SYSTEM INTERFACES DESCRIPTION (3) Apr 21, 2006
LEVEL III - ATA 36 Pneumatic Page 33
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL

PNEUMATIC SYSTEM MAINTENANCE (3)


Tests PADS
The PADS sub system provides the following interactive tests:
The OMS enables to test the 3 main subsystems of the pneumatic system:
- EBAS (Engine Bleed Air System) STATUS DATA:
- OHDS (Over Heat Detection System) - APU IV status
- PADS (Pneumatic Air Distribution System) - LH-CVB status
These tests are launched from the OMS HMI (using the OMT, OIT or SYSTEM TEST
PMAT). BITE MEMORY DUMP
EBAS Note: the tests of OHDS 1,2, 3 and 4 are similar
The OHDS sub system provides the following interactive tests:
TESTS:
- SYSTEM TEST
- PRESSURE SENSOR DRIFT TEST
REPORTS:
- ASSOCIATED ENGINE STATUS REPORT
- ADJACENT ENGINE STATUS REPORT
SPECIFIC FUNCTION:
- BITE MEMORY DUMP
Note: the tests of EBAS 1, 2, 3 and 4 are similar
L1W06161 - L0KT0T0 - LM36Y1MAINT0001

OHDS
The OHDS sub system provides the following interactive tests :
SYSTEM TEST
OHDU-1A (LEFT) CARD STATUS
OHDU-1B (RIGHT) CARD STATUS
OHDU-2A (LEFT) CARD STATUS
OHDU-2B (RIGHT) CARD STATUS
Note: the tests of OHDS 1,2, 3 and 4 are similar

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) PNEUMATIC SYSTEM MAINTENANCE (3) Apr 18, 2006
LEVEL III - ATA 36 Pneumatic Page 34
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
L1W06161 - L0KT0T0 - LM36Y1MAINT0001

TESTS - EBAS ... PADS

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) PNEUMATIC SYSTEM MAINTENANCE (3) Apr 18, 2006
LEVEL III - ATA 36 Pneumatic Page 35
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL

OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3)


General Pneumatic System
L1W06161 - L0KT0T0 - LM36O1LEVEL0301

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3) Apr 18, 2006
LEVEL III - ATA 36 Pneumatic Page 36
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
L1W06161 - L0KT0T0 - LM36O1LEVEL0301

GENERAL PNEUMATIC SYSTEM

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3) Apr 18, 2006
LEVEL III - ATA 36 Pneumatic Page 37
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL

OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3)


Indicating and Monitoring System Overview
The indicating system shows the condition of the pneumatic system. It
monitors the bleed air pressure and temperature, and the position of the
different valves.
The primary indications are shown on the ECAM SD and the ECAM
EWD. Indications are also shown on the AIR overhead panel.
ECAM SD and EWD
In normal operating conditions, when the BLEED P/BSW on the ECAM
Control Panel (ECP) is pushed, the ECAM BLEED page is shown on
the ECAM SD.
The ECAM BLEED page shows the parameters related to the bleed air
system operation (regulated pressure, temperature, and valve positions)
and operative function. If a failure occurs (overpressure, over temperature,
incorrect valve position, duct leak...) the ECAM BLEED page is
automatically shown on the ECAM SD.
An ECAM alert together with the necessary corrective action is displayed
on ECAM EWD. Temperature, pressure, and valve position monitoring,
temperature sensors and pressure transducers monitor the temperature
and the pressure of the engine bleed system. They transmit temperature
and pressure data to the Engine Bleed Air System (EBAS) modules.
L1W06161 - L0KT0T0 - LM36O1LEVEL0301

The Pneumatic Air Distribution System (PADS) valves position switches


transmit the valve position data to the Control and Display System (CDS).
The EBAS valves position will be determined by pressure measurement
to the EBAS modules.
The EBAS modules transmit the bleed air temperature and pressure data
and the valve position data to the CDS.

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3) Apr 18, 2006
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INDICATING AND MONITORING SYSTEM OVERVIEW

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3) Apr 18, 2006
LEVEL III - ATA 36 Pneumatic Page 39
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL

OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3)


Indicating and Monitoring System Overview (continued)
Bleed Indicating on ECAM SD
Already seen in the level 2, ATA 36 (monitoring through BLEED
page) The ECAM BLEED page indicates:
- the valve positions: HP Bleed Valve (HPV) and Pressure Regulating
Valve (PRV),
- the duct temperature, downstream the precooler (Ts),
- the duct pressure (downstream the engine bleed valves),
- the PADS valves position (crossbleed valves and APU-IV).
The pressure and temperature of each engine bleed air system is
monitored by:
- the regulated pressure sensor (Pr), which is used by the EBAS module
for bleed pressure closed loop electronic control and system monitoring
(overpressure and low pressure warnings),
- the transferred pressure sensor (Pt), which is used to monitor the
pressure upstream the PRV,
- the intermediate pressure sensor (Pip), which is used to monitor the
pressure upstream the IPCV,
- the differential pressure sensor (DP), which is used to compute the
bleed mass flow for bleed flow balance control,
- the temperature sensor (Ts), which is a dual sensor providing double
L1W06161 - L0KT0T0 - LM36O1LEVEL0301

air temperature measurement to the EBAS module for bleed


temperature closed loop electronic control and system monitoring
(over temperature and low temperature warnings).
In case of pressure or temperature signal, the respective indication on
ECAM BLEED page is set to amber XX.

WARNING: THERE IS A RISK OF UNWANTED CABIN


PRESSURIZATION!

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3) Apr 18, 2006
LEVEL III - ATA 36 Pneumatic Page 40
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INDICATING AND MONITORING SYSTEM OVERVIEW - BLEED INDICATING ON ECAM SD

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3) Apr 18, 2006
LEVEL III - ATA 36 Pneumatic Page 41
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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INDICATING AND MONITORING SYSTEM OVERVIEW - BLEED INDICATING ON ECAM SD

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3) Apr 18, 2006
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OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3)


Indicating and Monitoring System Overview (continued)
Bleed Panel and Indication
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MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3) Apr 18, 2006
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A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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INDICATING AND MONITORING SYSTEM OVERVIEW - BLEED PANEL AND INDICATION

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3) Apr 18, 2006
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OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3)


Indicating and Monitoring System Overview (continued)
ECAM Bleed Page Layout
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MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3) Apr 18, 2006
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INDICATING AND MONITORING SYSTEM OVERVIEW - ECAM BLEED PAGE LAYOUT

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3) Apr 18, 2006
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INDICATING AND MONITORING SYSTEM OVERVIEW - ECAM BLEED PAGE LAYOUT

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3) Apr 18, 2006
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INDICATING AND MONITORING SYSTEM OVERVIEW - ECAM BLEED PAGE LAYOUT

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3) Apr 18, 2006
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INDICATING AND MONITORING SYSTEM OVERVIEW - ECAM BLEED PAGE LAYOUT

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3) Apr 18, 2006
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INDICATING AND MONITORING SYSTEM OVERVIEW - ECAM BLEED PAGE LAYOUT

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3) Apr 18, 2006
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INDICATING AND MONITORING SYSTEM OVERVIEW - ECAM BLEED PAGE LAYOUT

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3) Apr 18, 2006
LEVEL III - ATA 36 Pneumatic Page 52
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INDICATING AND MONITORING SYSTEM OVERVIEW - ECAM BLEED PAGE LAYOUT

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3) Apr 18, 2006
LEVEL III - ATA 36 Pneumatic Page 53
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OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3)


Indicating and Monitoring System Overview (continued)
Bleed OMS Pages
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MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3) Apr 18, 2006
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A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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INDICATING AND MONITORING SYSTEM OVERVIEW - BLEED OMS PAGES

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) OPERATION, CONTROL & INDICATING (3) Apr 18, 2006
LEVEL III - ATA 36 Pneumatic Page 55
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL

COMPONENT LOCATION (3)


A/C Zone 400 - Engine 1/2/3/4
Engine Bleed Air System
Pneumatic Air Distribution System
OverHeat Detection System
A/C Zone 120 - Avionics Compartment
Component
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MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric) COMPONENT LOCATION (3) Apr 18, 2006
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AIRBUS S.A.S.
31707 BLAGNAC cedex, FRANCE
STM
REFERENCE L1W06161
APRIL 2006
PRINTED IN FRANCE
AIRBUS S.A.S. 2006
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

AN EADS JOINT COMPANY


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