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CHAPTER8PRACTICETESTQUESTIONS(ENDOFCHAPTER7TOO)

Informationthatmostlikelywillbeonthefrontcoverofyourexam:
h i
2 2
Zf
f
f f Zf
f
f fff
f
fk
E = @ 2.18 x 10@ 18 J j 2 @ 2
nf ni

1. Whichofthefollowingsetsofquantumnumbersisallowed?
n l ml ms
a. 1 0 1 +
b. 1 1 0
c. 2 1 2 +
d. 3 2 3
e. 4 3 3 +

2. DeterminethesetofquantumnumbersthatdescribethelastelectronaddedtoAs(Z=33).
a. n=3,l=2,ml=0,ms=+
b. n=3,l=2,ml=1,ms=
c. n=4,l=1,ml=+1,ms=+
d. n=3,l=1,ml=+1,ms=
e. n=4,l=1,ml=0,ms=

3. DeterminethesetoffourquantumnumbersthatdescribethelastelectronaddedtoNe(the
outermostelectron).
n l ml ms
a. 2 1 +1
b. 2 2 +1
c. 3 0 0 +
d. 2 1 0 +
e. 3 2 +2 +

4. DeterminethefourquantumnumbersthatdescribethelastelectronaddedtotheSeatom.
a. n=4,l=0,ml=0,ms=
b. n=4,l=2,ml=1,ms=
c. n=4,l=1,ml=1,ms=+
d. n=4,l=2,ml=0,ms=+
e. n=4,l=1,ml=1,ms=

5. DeterminethesetofquantumnumbersthatdescribetheelectronaddedtoaBratomasitformsan
ion(lastelectronintheBrion).
a. n=4,l=1,ml=0,ms=+
b. n=5,l=4,ml=3,ms=+
c. n=3,l=0,ml=0,ms=
d. n=4,l=1,ml=1,ms=
e. n=4,l=2,ml=2,ms=
6. Determinethesetof4quantumnumbersthatdescribethelastelectronaddedtoanatomofB.
a. n=2,l=0,ml=0,ms=+
b. n=3,l=2,ml=3,ms=+
c. n=2,l=1,ml=2,ms=+3/2
d. n=3,l=1,ml=0,ms=
e. n=2,l=1,ml=1,ms=+

7. Howmanyelectronsinagivenatomcanhavethefollowingquantumnumbers?
n=3
l=2
a. 2
b. 8
c. 10
d. 18
e. 32

8. Howmanyorbitalsinagivenatomcanbedescribedbythefollowingquantumnumbers?

n=4,l=2
a. 3
b. 4
c. 5
d. 6
e. 10

9. WhichofthefollowingcombinationsofquantumnumbersareNOTallowed?
a. n=4,l=4,ml=0
b. n=3,l=2,ml=2
c. n=8,l=4,ml=3
d. n=1,l=0,ml=0
e. Noneoftheaboveareallowedcombinationsofquantumnumbers.

10.DeterminethegroundstateelectronconfigurationofBa2+.

a. [Xe]6s2
b. [Kr]5s24d105p6
c. [Xe]6s25d2
d. [Kr]5s24d105p4
e. [Xe]6s24f2

11.DeterminethegroundstateelectronconfigurationforTe2.
a. [Kr]5s24d105p6
b. [Kr]5s24d105p4
c. [Kr]5s24d105p2
d. [Kr]5s24d105p66s2
e. [Kr]4d105p6

12.DeterminethegroundstateelectronconfigurationforI.
a. [Kr]5s24d105p5
b. [Kr]5s24d105p4
c. [Xe]6s1
d. [Kr]4d105p5
e. [Kr]5s24d105p6

13.Whatspeciesisrepresentedbythefollowinggroundstateelectronconfigurationifitsnucleus
contains35p+and44n?

[Ar]4s23d104p6
a. Kr
b. Sr2+
c. Ru2+
d. Br
e. Au+

14.DeterminethegroundstateelectronconfigurationfortheSrion.
a. [Kr]5s2
b. [Kr]5s24d2
c. [Ar]4s23d104p6
d. [Ca]3d104p65s2
e. [Ar]4s24p64d10

15.AccordingtotheBohrmodel,whichofthefollowingoneelectronspeciesrequiresthemostenergy
toionize?
a. N6+
b. H
c. O7+
d. Li2+
e. He+

16.Whichofthefollowingreactionsrepresentsionizationenergy?
a. Na(s)Na+(aq)+e
b. Na(s)+eNa(aq)
c. Cl(g)+eCl(aq)
d. Cl(g)Cl+(g)+e
e. Noneoftheaboverepresentionizationenergy.

17.DetermineEforthen=1ton=5transitionintheO7+ion.
a. 2.09x1018J
b. 1.34x1016J
c. 6.74x108J
d. 1.39x1017J
e. 1.74x1018J

18.WhichofthefollowingsetsofquantumnumbersappropriatelydescribesONEorbitalinthe3d
subshell?
a. n=3,l=3,ml=0
b. n=4,l=3,ml=3
c. n=2,l=1,ml=1
d. n=5,l=2,ml=2
e. n=3,l=2,ml=1

19.Howmanyelectronsinasingleatomcanhavethen=3,l=1designation?
a. 1
b. 2
c. 4
d. 6
e. 10

20.UsingtheBohrequation,calculatetheamountofenergyneededtoremovetheelectronfrom
1.8molesofHe+ions.
a. +8.72x1018J
b. +1.97x107J
c. +5.25x106J
d. +9.45x106J
e. +4.66x1018J

MORECHAPTER8PRACTICETESTQUESTIONS

Informationthatmostlikelywillbeonthefrontcoverofyourexam:
J=kgm2/s2 c=3.00x108m/s
E=h E=hc/
h=6.626x1034Js c=
=h/mu 1/=R(1/n121/n22)
E=2.18x1018J(z2/nf2z2/ni2) Rydbergconstant=1.096776x107m1

1. Whichofthefollowingtransitionsinahydrogenatomwillemitaphotonwiththelongest
wavelengthoflight?
a.n=3ton=4
b.n=5ton=4
c.n=2ton=1
d.n=2ton=5
e.n=3ton=2

2. WhichofthefollowingobjectswouldyouestimatetohavetheshortestdeBrogliewavelengthif
theyarealltravelingatthesamespeed?
a.baseball
b.marble
c.bowlingball
d.electron
e.pebble

3. WhichofthefollowingstatementsisTRUE?
a.Ifwedeterminethelocationofanelectron,wecanalsodetermineitspath.
b.Electronscanbehaveaswavesorasparticles,dependingonthesituation.
c.Emissionoflightbyanatomisanendothermicprocess.
d.TheBohrmodel(orequation)workswelltopredicttheatomicspectraofmostatoms.
e.Noneoftheabovearetrue.

4. Howmanyorbitalsinanatomcanhavethen=4,l=3designation?
a.3
b.5
c.7
d.10
e.14


5. DeterminethegroundstateelectronconfigurationforSe+ion.
a.[Ar]4s23d104p5
b.[Ar]4s23d104p4
c.[Ar]4s23d104p6
d.[Ar]4s23d104p3
e.[Ar]4s13d104p4

6. DeterminethesetofquantumnumbersthatdescribethelastelectronaddedtoaZnatom.(Zincis
element#30)
n l ml ms
a. 4 0 0
b. 3 2 +2
c. 4 2 1 +
d. 3 1 0 +
e. 2 1 +1 +

7. UsetheBohrequationtocalculatetheamountofenergyrequiredtoremovetheelectronsfrom
0.33molesofLi2+ions.
a.1.18x107J
b.1.96x1017J
c.2.87x107J
d.3.90x106J
e.1.73x106J

8. Whichofthefollowingbondshastheleastioniccharacter?
a.NaCl
b.NO
c.BF
d.IF
e.BN

9. Placethefollowinginorderofincreasingatomicradius.

Li N As Cl

a.Li<N<As<Cl
b.N<Li<Cl<As
c.As<Cl<N<Li
d.Cl<As<Li<N
e.Li<N<Cl<As

10.Placethefollowingbondsinorderofincreasingioniccharacter.

AsO AsF NO

a.NO<AsO<AsF
b.AsF<AsO<NO
c.AsF<NO<AsO
d.NO<AsF<AsO
e.AsO<AsF<NO

11.Whichofthefollowingisthelongestbond?
a.SiO
b.SiS
c.PI
d.OCl
e.SBr

12.Placethefollowinginorderofdecreasinglatticeenergy.

KBr RbI MgS


a.KBr>RbI>MgS
b.KBr>MgS>RbI
c.RbI>KBr>MgS
d.MgS>RbI>KBr
e.MgS>KBr>RbI

13.Whichofthefollowingreactionsrepresentselectronaffinity?
a.O(g)+eO(g)
b.Mg(g)Mg+(g)+e
c.O2(g)2O(g)
d.Ca+(g)Ca2+(g)+e
e.Noneoftheaboverepresentelectronaffinity.

14.Whichofthefollowingisparamagnetic?
a.Nb3+
b.Ti4+
c.Sr
d.Zn
e.Noneoftheabove.


15.Placethefollowinginorderofdecreasingatomicsize.

Se O Ca Rb

a. O>Se>Ca>Rb
b. Rb>Se>Ca>O
c. Rb>Ca>Se>O
d. O>Ca>Se>Rb
e. Ca>Rb>O>Se

16.Placethefollowinginorderofdecreasingionicsize.

Sr2+ Se2 Br Rb+


a.Sr2+>Rb+>Se2>Br
b.Sr2+>Rb+>Br>Se2
c.Br>Se2>Sr2+>Rb+
d.Rb+>Br>Se2>Sr2+
e.Se2>Br>Rb+>Sr2+

17.DeterminetheidentityofthePeriod2elementthatpossessesthefollowingionizationenergies(in
MJ/mol).

IE1=1.09 IE2=2.35 IE3=4.62 IE4=6.22 IE5=37.83 IE6=47.28

a.O
b.N
c.C
d.B
e.Be

18.Whichofthefollowingspeciesareparamagnetic?
a.Ca
b.S2
c.Zn2+
d.Sr2+
e.Noneoftheaboveareparamagnetic.

19.WhichofthefollowinghasthehighestIE3?
a.P
b.Mg
c.Al
d.O
e.N

20.Considertheionizationenergies(IE1)forthefollowingelements.Choosethestatementbelowthat
bestexplainstheseobservedvalues.

P=1012kJ/mol S=999kJ/mol Cl=1256kJ/mol


a.Ionizationenergyalwaysincreasesasatomicsizedecreases.
b.ChlorinehasanunusuallyhighIE1becauseithasaveryhighelectronaffinity.
c.PhosphorushasanunusuallyhighIE1becauseitdoesnttypicallyformioniccompounds.
d.SulfurhasalowerIE1thanwouldbepredictedbecausethelossofoneelectronleavessulfurwith
astable,halffilledpsubshell.
e.NoneofthesestatementsexplainstheobservedIE1valuesfortheseelements.

21.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisTRUEconcerningthefollowingtableofionizationenergies?

kJ/mol IE1 IE2 IE3 IE4 IE5 IE6 IE7 IE8


X 580 1815 2740 11,600 14,821 18,354 23,294 27,428
Y 785 1575 3227 4350 16,068 19,797 23,751 29,247
Z 1010 1905 2910 4957 6265 21,238 25,390 29,831
A 998 2248 3352 4550 6995 8484 27,070 31,676
D 1250 2295 3817 5152 6533 9349 11,000 33,557

a.ElementXcontains4valenceelectrons.
b.ElementDcouldbeCl.
c.ElementZmaybeSi.
d.ElementYismostlikelyP.
e.Noneoftheabovestatementsaretrue.

22.WhichofthefollowingwillbeMOSTattractedtoamagneticfield(mostparamagnetic)?
a.Mn
b.Co
c.Zn2+
d.Sc
e.Ar

23.Howmanyofthefollowingspeciesareparamagnetic?

Cd2+ Se Ti2+ Br

a.0
b.1
c.2
d.3
e.4