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US007374592B2

(12) United States Patent (10) Patent N0.: US 7,374,592 B2


Hasinovic et a1. (45) Date of Patent: May 20, 2008

(54) CLEANING AND POLISHING 4,440,745 A * 4/1984 Schmidt et a1. ........ .. 424/7803
COMPOSITION FOR METALLIC SURFACES 4,880,557 A 11/1989 Ohara et a1.
4,895,675 A 1/1990 Smith
(75) Inventors: Hida Hasinovic,
- Lexington,
~ KY (US); , , i i 13; glffuuentes
1 en es e . . .
Tara Wemmann Lexmgton KY (Us) 5,174,813 A * 12/1992 Cifuentes et a1. 106/3
(73) Assignee: Ashland Licensing and Intellectual i i gifuentes et 31' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' " 521/54
_ , , ifuentes et a1. . 106/3
Property LLC(ALIP)LeX1ngTnKY 5,443,604 A * 8/1995 Stowell ..................... .. 51/307
(Us) 5,929,004 A 7/1999 Ushijima et a1.
_ _ _ _ _ 6,864,220 B2 3/2005 Levitt et a1.
(*) Nome: SubJect to any dlsclalmer, the term ofthls 2002/0029527 A1 * 3/2002 Naney ....................... .. 51/308
patent is extended or adjusted under 35 2003/0036024 A1 2/2003 Fiebag et a1.
U.S.C. 154(b) by 0 days, 2003/0113668 A1 6/2003 Fiebag et a1.
2004/0097390 A1 5/2004 Jordan et al.
(21) APPl' NO": 11/640454 FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS
(22) Filed: Dec. 15, 2006 WC PCT WO 03/044146 5/2003
WOPCT WO 2004/024857 3/2004
(65) Prior Publication Data OTHER PUBLICATIONS
Us 2007/0209549 A1 Sep' 13 2007 DerWent-Acc-No: 1982-54236E, abstract of Soviet Union Patent
. . Speci?cation No. SU 859406 B (Aug. 1981).*
Related U's' Apphcatlon Data DerWent-Acc-No: 1997-203995, abstract of China Patent Speci?
(60) Provisional application No. 60/750,453, ?led on Dec. Cation N~ CN 1097209 A (Jan 1995)~*
15 2005 ' * cited by examiner

(51) Int. Cl. Primary ExamineriAnthony J. Green


C09G 1/02 (2006.01) (74) Attorney, Agent, or FirmiCarrithers LaW Of?ce,
C09G 1/00 (2006.01) PLLC; David W. Carrithers
C09G 1/04 (2006.01)
C09G 1/14 (2006.01) (57) ABSTRACT
(52) US. Cl. ................. .. 51/304; 106/3; 106/8; 106/10; _ _ _ _ _ _
106/11. 51/306. 51/309. 510/255. 510/256 A pol1sh compos1t1on for metall1c surfaces conta1mng a
(58) Field of classi?cation sarch 106/3 polish and abrasive alumina nanoparticles in a Water in oil
106/8 10 11_ 51/304 0055 emulsion composition composed of surfactants, suspending
510/256 agents, and aluminum oxide particles of high purity of 200
See a lication ?le for Com lete Search histo nanometers or less having a median particle diameter of 0.24
pp p ry' microns together With an aliphatic hydrocarbon solvent
(56) References Cited producing a polish having cleaning properties and an
enhanced high glossed surface from a single application.
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
4,218,250 A * 8/1980 KasprZak ..................... .. 106/3 4 Claims, 2 Drawing Sheets
U S. Patent May 20, 2008 Sheet 1 of2 US 7,374,592 B2
U S. Patent May 20, 2008 Sheet 2 of2 US 7,374,592 B2
US 7,374,592 B2
1 2
CLEANING AND POLISHING It is composed With a blend of ?ne polishing agents and
COMPOSITION FOR METALLIC SURFACES nanoparticles so that it Wont damage or scratch the surface
of the metal or chrome surface. It can be used on almost all
This application claims priority from US. Provisional metals including chrome, aluminum, stainless steel, brass,
Application Ser. No. 60/750,453 ?led on Dec. 15, 2005 copper, gold, silver, and even billet. It can be applied With
Which is hereby incorporated by reference. a sponge applicator or soft toWel and removed With a clean
soft toWel or micro?ber cloth. It can be applied to a surface
BACKGROUND OF INVENTION such as a Wheel in sections or on the Whole Wheel at once in
a quantity su?icient to cover a cleaned surface With a thin
1. Field of Invention ?lm of the product. Wheel Wax can be applied directly over
This invention relates to a non-abrasive Wheel polish the neWly polished surface for added protection.
designed to provide a smooth surface creating a deeper shine Selected constituents comprising the formulation of
and longer lasting protection than conventional cleaners/ Applicants instant invention are added as emulsi?ed com
polishes by utiliZing nanometer siZed polishing agent(s) in ponents; hoWever, the formulated product is a blend of
combination With conventional polishing agents. It is a components mixed together, and is not dependent upon use
Water in oil emulsion containing cleaning and polishing of an emulsi?er in order to disperse all of the various
agents including high purity aluminum oxide particles of components together in the ?nal product as is taught by
preferably 20 micrometers or less that cleans and provides a conventional polishes applied to a dry surface.
high gloss and scratch free performance on metallic surfaces In keeping With this object there is provided in accordance
With corrosion resistance. 20 With the present invention a Water in oil polish composition
2. Description of the Prior Art for use on vehicular exterior metal or metalliZed plastic
There are numerous polish products available on the surface, chrome, stainless steel, plastic chrome moldings,
market to protect and polish the metallic body surfaces of an and trim. The cleaning and polishing polish composition
automobile and also various different Ways of applying the contains natural and/or synthetic polishes together With a
same. The most recommended procedure is to Wash and dry 25 emulsifying agent and including at least a portion of high
the metallic surface, apply the protective ?nish to the clean purity aluminum oxide having a (nano) particle siZe of 20
dry surface, and then bulf the surface. The applied polish micrometers or less that cleans and provides a high gloss on
remains as a protective ?nish throughout several subsequent automobile exterior surfaces, particularly Wheels and is
Washes but it is a time consuming labor intensive procedure. applied to a clean dry surface. The preferred aluminum
A quick polish job is obtainable in an automatic or 30 oxide is agglomerate free and contains no magnesium oxide.
semi-automatic car-Wash Where a detergent is applied to the The particle siZe is a key factor in improving the instant
surface of the vehicle under high Water pressure and/or using polish composition.
a Water and detergent solution together With strips of absor A preferred composition of the present invention com
bent material or sponges to remove the dirt. As part of the prises an aqueous solvent comprising deioniZed Water in an
car-Wash liquid polish may be sprayed onto the vehicle and 35 effective amount of betWeen about 32 to 33 percent by
alloWed to drip dry or be dried using an air bloWer. The Weight of the total composition; a chelating agent such as
polish compositions used by professional car Washes that are TEA (triethanolamine) in an effective amount of about 3.8
applied While the automobile metalliZed surface is Wet are percent by Weight of the total composition; a polishing agent
immediately subjected to a bloW dry step and is are generally having an average particle siZe of about 0.20 micrometers or
not bulfed. Neither of the latter tWo polish procedures 40 less such as a high purity aluminum oxide in an effective
provides long lasting satisfactory results. amount of about 1.0 percent by Weight of the total compo
Conventional commercial polishes typically contain a sition; an abrasive such as CELITE Which is a ?ux calcined
detergent dispersed in Water or dissolved in a solvent, often diatomaceous earth also de?ned as a super ?ne super ?oss
together With abrasives for dry application to a metalliZed having a median particle siZe of about 5.0 microns in an
surface of a automobile. The polish dries and is removed 45 effective amount of about 20.0 percent by Weight of the total
With hand or mechanical bu?ing machines requiring con composition; a hydrocarbon solvent such as CONOSOL
siderable labor and time. C-200 in an effective amount of about 27.7 percent by
Polishing compounds, especially those de?ned as cleaner Weight of the total composition; an emulsi?er, such as stearic
polishes are generally formulated With abrasive materials acid in an effective amount of about 8.3 percent by Weight
such as aluminum oxide of larger than 0.20 micrometer 50 of the total composition; an nonionic surfactant such as
particle siZe. When polishing a cars metallic surface, the BURCOTERGE LFE 1000 in an effective amount of about
cleaner polishes remove contaminants; hoWever, the appli 3.0 percent by Weight of the total composition; and a
cation and removal of some typically leaves a clean but dull corrosion inhibitor such as LUBEROS 8555 or LUBEROS
surface. At least a second step of polishing is required With RP-3118 in an effective amount of about 3.0 percent by
a polishing compound Which typically incorporates a high 55 Weight of the total composition. Optional components Which
percentage of natural or synthetic components and an abra are not required to provide a functional polishing composi
sive material in order to achieve a clean coat of polish tion, but impart desirable qualities to the composition
having a high gloss appearance. include a colorant such as a dye or pigment in an effective
amount of about 0.005 percent by Weight of the total
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION 60 composition; a fragrance such as bubblegum in an effective
amount of about 0.10 percent by Weight of the total com
A principal object of the present invention is to provide a position; and/or a preservative such as SURCIDE P in an
cleaning and polishing composition Which functions as a effective amount of about 0.1 percent by Weight of the total
cleaner polish to remove dirt and particles of contamination composition.
and yet provides a high gloss ?nish in a single application. 65 More particularly a preferred embodiment of the present
The polishing composition of the present invention is invention consist essentially of an aqueous solvent of deion
formulated ingredients containing nanometer siZed particles. iZed Water in an effective amount of betWeen about 25 to 40
US 7,374,592 B2
3 4
percent by Weight of the total composition; a chelating agent DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED
such as TEA 85% (triethanolamine) in an effective amount EMBODIMENT
of about 2.0 to 6.0 percent by Weight of the total composi
tion; a polishing agent having an average particle siZe of The instant invention is particularly directed to reducing
about 200 nanometers or less such as a high purity aluminum the effort of providing a glossy ?nish on the metallic exterior
oxide, such as Reynolds RC-UFX MAR, in an effective surface of a vehicles Wheels by combining the step of
amount of about 0.1 to 3.0 percent by Weight of the total applying a cleaner and a polish in a single application. The
composition; an abrasive such as CELITE Which is a ?ux exterior surface of the automobile Wheel is Washed in a
calcined diatomaceous earth also de?ned as a super ?ne conventional manner using appropriate conventional clean
super ?oss having a median particle siZe of about 5.0 ing agents such as detergents in the Water and the surface is
microns in an effective amount of about 5.0 to 35.0 percent then rinsed using clean Water. The surface is dried after
by Weight of the total composition; a hydrocarbon solvent rinsing and before the polish is applied thereto.
such as CONOSOL C-200 in an effective amount of from One preferred embodiment of the instant invention com
about 10 to 40 percent by Weight of the total composition; prises a polish composition utiliZing a selected amount of
blended components and solvent for providing a cleaning
an emulsi?er, such as stearic acid in an effective amount of
action to the vehicle surface and leaving a residue of polish
about 2.0 to 15.0 percent by Weight of the total composition; Which upon bu?ing yields a high gloss surface.
an nonionic surfactant such as BURCOTERGE LFE 1000 in
The polish is a Water in oil emulsion. The Water in oil
an effective amount of about 0.1 to about 8.0 percent by
emulsion of the present invention is comprised of at least
Weight of the total composition; and a corrosion inhibitor 20 tWo phases. The organic phase containing the polish product
such as LUBEROS 8555 in an effective amount of about 0.1 constitutes from about 30 to about 70% by Weight of the
to 10.0 percent by Weight of the total composition. Optional total composition and the Water phase constitutes the
components Which are not required to provide a functional remaining portion of the total composition of about 30% to
polishing composition, but impart desirable qualities to the about 70% by Weight.
composition include a colorant such as a dye or pigment in 25
The minor component being Water and the major com
an effective amount of about 0.005 percent by Weight of the ponent is a combination of an aliphatic hydrocarbon solvent
total composition; a fragrance, such as bubblegum, in an and a polish product including additives thereto. The ratio of
effective amount of about 0.1 percent by Weight of the total Water to the combination of solvent and polish product is in
composition; and/or a preservative such as SURCIDE P in a ratio of about 1:1 to about a 1:3 Whereby the value of 1
30
an effective amount of about 0.1 percent by Weight of the represents the Water. Typically the Water used in the formu
total composition. lation is soft or demineraliZed Water.
It is an object of the present invention to produce a one The composition of the present invention may be used in
step single application cleaning and polishing composition the form of emulsions With an oil phase dispersed in a
With the desired characteristics of malleability, durability, continuous aqueous phase and a Water phase in Which Water
35
and solidity at ambient temperature. droplets are dispersed in a continuous oil phase. The emul
sions are prepared by separately preparing an aqueous phase
It is another object of the present invention to provide a containing polishing agents dispersed in Water phase and an
magnesium and aluminum Wheel polish formulation. oil soluble phase containing oil soluble components. Both
Other objects, features, and advantages of the invention the Water and oil phases are heated to about 150 to 1700 F.,
Will be apparent With the folloWing detailed description then the oil phase is added to the Water phase
taken in conjunction With the accompanying draWings shoW The Water phase of the composition of the present inven
ing a preferred embodiment of the invention and appended tion Was formed by placing Water in a tank, adding trietha
claims. nolamine and mixing together. CELITE super ?ne super
45
?oss, ?ux calcined diatomaceous earth, Was added to the
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS tank and mixed Well to ensure a proper dispersion. The Water
phase Was heated to betWeen 150 and 1700 F. While mixing.
A better understanding of the present invention Will be The oil phase of the composition of the present invention
had upon reference to the folloWing description in conjunc Was prepared by mixing CONOSOL C-200 (hydrocarbon
tion With the accompanying draWings in Which like numer 50 solvent), stearic acid, BURCOTERGE LFE 1000 (nonionic
als refer to like parts throughout the several vieWs and
surfactant), and LUBEROS 8555 (oil soluble corrosion
inhibitor) in a separate mixing tank and heating to betWeen
Wherein: 150 and 1700 F.
FIG. 1 is a photograph of an untreated panel subjected to The oil phase mixture Was added to the Water phase
a Humidity Chamber Corrosion Test; 55 mixture at ambient temperature While mixing using a high
FIG. 2 is a photograph of a panel treated With a polish shear mixer to insure a proper emulsi?cation. The folloWing
according to the composition of Example 1 of the present ingredients Were added and mixed in the folloWing order:
invention subjected to a Humidity Chamber Corrosion Test; LIQUITINT royal blue tine L85010, bubble gum ?avor and
and SURCIDE P (preservative).
FIG. 3 is a comparison photograph shoWing a panel 60 The resulting composition is a light blue creamy emul
treated With a polish according to the composition of sion. Application to a metalliZed surface or other surface to
Example 1, (Formulation A), of the present invention; be treated applied as a liquid or semi-solid paste results in an
together With panels treated With a leading competitors easy Wiping and removal of excess product from the surface
metal polish cream Product, (Formulation B); and a leading resulting in a glossy surface Without streaks. A preferred
competitors mag and aluminum polish, (Formulation C); 65 method of application is applying With a sponge onto the dry
and (D an untreated panel), all of Which Were subjected to surface Whereby upon drying the surface is then bulfed With
the same Humidity Chamber Corrosion Test. a cloth, toWel, and/or other absorbent material to dry and
US 7,374,592 B2
5 6
simultaneously bulf at the same. The oil based composition monostearate, and the like; saturated fatty acid diglycerides,
allows cleaning and polishing in a single step. such as glycerol distearate, glycerol dilaurate and the like;
An emulsi?er Which may also be a surfactant stabilizes unsaturated fatty acid monoglycerides, such as glycerol
the emulsion preventing separation into separate phases. monooleate, glycerol monoricinoleate, and the like; unsat
Both the aqueous phase and/or the solvent phase may urated fatty acid diglycerides, such as glycerol dioleate,
include thickening agents, emulsi?ers, anti-static agents, glycerol dilinoleate, and the like; glycol esters of fatty acids,
surfactants, suspension agents, colorants, fragrances, and such as propylene glycol monostearate, ethylene glycol
preservatives. monostearate, ethylene glycol monolaurate, diethylene gly
Whereas conventional polishing products often utiliZe a col monooleate, diethylene glycol monostearate, and the
surfactant to stabiliZe the ?nal product and maintain it as an like; and anhydrosorbitol fatty acid esters, such as mono, di
emulsion, the instant composition utiliZes a surfactant only and tri esters of 1,4-sorbitan With fatty acids such as stearic
to aid in Wetting of the surface to be treated rather than as acid, palmitic acid and oleic acid.
an emulsi?er. Polyoxyethylene esters of fatty acids are polyethylene
glycol mono- and di-esters of fatty acids comprising a
Emulsi?er (Nonionic Surfactant) polyethylene glycol portion having from about 5 to about 30
The Water in oil emulsion of the present invention con ethyleneoxy units, esteri?ed at one or both ends With fatty
tains an emulsifying agent of surfactants Which is compat acids such as stearic acid, lauric acid, oleic acid, and mixed
ible in the predominantly aliphatic hydrocarbon mixture fatty acids derived from natural oils such as coconut oil,
phase. The nonionics are important in that they promote castor oil, tall oil, and the like.
emulsi?cation of the oil and Water phases and prevent 20 Fatty acid amides include diethanolamine fatty acid con
coalescence of the dispersed Water phase in the ?nal emul densates such as coco diethanolamide, lauric diethanola
sion composition. mide, tall oil diethanolamide, and the like, and monoalkano
A preferred emulsi?er is BURCOTERGE LFE 1000 lamine fatty acid condensates such as coco
Which is a controlled foam nonionic surfactant, Which monoethanolamide, lauric monoethanolamide, stearic
removes silicon oils, detergent for oil and grease, and 25 monoisopropanolamide, oleic monopropanolamide, and the
emulsi?es oils and greases to prevent re-deposition, and has like.
a speci?c gravity of 0.96, density of 8.02 lbs/gallon, and Polyoxyethylene fatty acid amides are ethoxylated mono
viscosity of about 75 cps at 25 C. It is contemplated that and dialkanolamides having from about 2 to about 50
other suitable emulsi?ers may be selected from the group ethylene oxide groups, including ethoxylated lauric
comprising polyglycerol ester of oleic acid, polyoxyethylene 30 monoisopropanolamide, ethoxylated stearic diethanolamide,
sorbitan fatty esters such as the palmitate, stearate and oleate ethoxylated myristic monoethanolamide, ethoxylated oleic
esters each With 20 moles of ethylene oxide (polysorbate 40, diethanolamide, and the like.
60, and 80 respectively), glycol, glycerol, and sorbitol esters Polyalkylene oxide block copolymers include copolymers
such as the laurate, oleate, palmitate and stearate esters, of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide initiated by ethylene
sorbitan sesquioleate, sorbitan tristearate sorbitan trioleate, 35 glycol, propylene glycol, trimethylol propane, and the like,
tall oil alkanolamides, polyglycerolleate, polyoxyethylene and have either linear or branched structures, depending on
trioleate, and oleic, stearic or montanic acid. The amount of Whether the initiator has tWo or three hydroxyl groups,
emulsi?er can vary. It is recommended that the least amount respectively.
of emulsi?er be used to provide an effective amount capable
Ethoxylated alkyl mercaptans, include linear or branched
of maintaining a stable emulsion. 40 alkyl mercapatans such as dodecylmercaptan, ethoxylated
A long chain fatty alcohol provides a nonionic surfactant With 2 to 10 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of mercaptan.
Which includes cetyl, stearyl alcohol, ethoxylated fatty alco Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol esters are mono, di and tri
hol, cetyl palmitate, cetyl myristate, polyethylene glycol esters of 1,4-sorbitan With fatty acids such as stearic acid,
stearate, glyceryl monostearate, monolactate, monooleates, palmitic acid and oleic acid that have been ethoxylated With
talloW triglycerides and ethoxylated esters. Polyoxyethylene 45 about 4 to about 20 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of
sorbitan monooleate, alkyl glucosinates, ethoxylated cetyl anhydrosorbitol ester.
alcohol, ethoxylated stearyl alcohol, and polyoxyethylene Alkyl polyglycosides are glycosides (acetals) of C6-C2O
nonylphenol represent suitable ethoxylated esters. Alcohol alcohols With a monosaccharide such as glucose, fructose,
alkoxylate, a polyol ester of a fatty acid, a polyoxethylene
lactose, mannose, xylose and the like or a polysaccharide or
fatty acid amide, a polyakylene oxide block copolymer, an 50
ethoxylated alkyl mercaptan, an ethoxylated amhydrosorbi oligosaccharide such as isomaltose, maltose, cellobiose,
mellobiose, maltotriose and the like.
tol ester, and an alkyl polyglycoside are useful nonionic
The concentration of the nonionic emulsi?er is added in
surfactants. Alcohol alkoxylates may include ethoxylated an amount of from 0.1 to 10% by Weight, more preferably
C6-Cl 8 linear and branched alcohols, ethoxylated With about from about 0.5 to 8% by Weight, more preferably in an
2 to about 80 moles of ethylene oxide, such as ethoxylated 55
amount of from about 0.75 to about 6% by Weight, more
lauryl alcohol, ethoxylated stearyl alcohol, and ethoxylated preferably in an amount of from about 1.0 to 5.0 percent by
mixtures of C6-Cl8 alcohols, and alkoxylated natural alco Weight and more preferably from about 2.0 to about 4.0
hols such as ethoxylated propoxylated pine oil ethoxylated
percent by Weight. One preferred embodiment utiliZes a
soya sterol. Also suitable are amine oxides prepared by
concentration of 3.0 percent by Weight.
hydrogen peroxide oxidation of tertiary aliphatic amines 60
such as cetyldimethylamine oxide, stearyldimethylamine Hydrocarbon Solvents
oxide, talloW-bis(2-hydroxyethyl) amine oxide, stearyl-bis Solvents useful in the formulation are predominately
(2-hydroxyethy) amine oxide as set forth in US. Pat. No. aliphatic hydrocarbon solvents. In addition to being a carrier
6,506,715 hereby incorporate by reference. for the ?lm forming ingredients, the hydrocarbon solvent
Polyol esters of fatty acids include saturated fatty acid 65 functions both to remove oil based stains as Well as to
monoglycerides, such as glycerol monolaurate, glycerol dissolve polish previously deposited on the surface prevent
monococo ester, glycerol monotalloW ester, glycerol ing polish buildup. The hydrocarbon solvent should have an
US 7,374,592 B2
7 8
appropriate evaporation rate in order to provide adequate Weight of the composition. A preferred embodiment as
contact time to dissolve old polish on the surface to be described in Example 1 is about 33 percent by Weight of the
treated, but not so sloW as to result in smearing and loss of total Weight of the composition.
gloss of the deposited ?lm. Moreover, the hydrocarbon Polishing Abrasives
solvent aids in cleansing and in the aid of the removal of
residual Water upon application of the product on a Wetted Abrasives Which can be utiliZed in the present composi
surface. tion depend upon the nature of the surface to be cleaned and
For instance, hydrocarbons containing up to 100 percent
polished. The present invention utiliZes polishing abrasives
aliphatic hydrocarbons are most preferable and hydrocar in amounts from 0 to 50 percent by Weight of the total Weight
bons containing less than 1 percent aromatic content are
of the composition and preferably from 10 to 40 percent by
deemed very desirable. Also useful are solvents typically
Weight of the total Weight of the composition.
containing from about 10 to 90 percent aliphatic hydrocar The ?ne polishing abrasives are ground to a siZe to
bons and from about 0 to 10 percent aromatic hydrocarbons. promote good suspension. The abrasives are insoluble, inert,
Solvents deemed suitable Which contain less than 10% and nonhydroscopic and Will not deteriorate in aqueous or
aromatic hydrocarbons include odorless naphtha mineral solvent solutions. The abrasive functions as a pigment
spirits, turpentine, kerosene, V.M.& P, naphtha, Stoddard before and after application to the surface to be treated to
solvent, and mixed alkanes that have a ?ash point of about produce a White haZe visible to indicate presence of the
40 C. Another useful light distillate is CALUMET 420-460 polish and need for removal of same in the polishing
(LVP-100). A synthetic isopara?inic hydrocarbons such as procedure. The ?ne abrasives also smooth the surface being
ISOPAR M or ISOPAR E, isopara?inic solvents, CONO 20 polished by ?lling in small cracks and crevices, and aids in
SOL 200, LPA 210, LVP 200 are also useful solvents in the prohibiting the formation of Water spots. The ?ne abrasives
present invention. The solvent concentration can vary from also enhance the ability of the polish to dry rapidly by
about 15% to about 65% by Weight of the ?nal formulation. increasing the surface area of the polishing composition on
As shoWn in the examples, the preferred embodiment uti the treated surface. The nanometer siZed particles aid in
liZes predominately aliphatic hydrocarbons such as CONO 25 providing a larger surface area for the sheeting olf of the
SOL C-200 (a hydrocarbon solvent), Which is a middle aqueous phase of the emulsion and alloWs the solvent phase
distillate at about 27.7 percent by Weight of the total components to cover and adhere to the surface being treated
composition having an initial boiling point about 98 C. and as a ?lm upon breaking of the Water/solvent emulsion.
an end boiling point beloW about 232 C. With a ?ash point Suitable abrasives are selected from the group comprising
of about 102 C., 30 diatomaceous earth, aluminum silicate, aluminum oxide,
Organic solvents useful in the present invention include silicon dioxide, aluminum dioxide, cerium oxide, Zirconium
isopara?ins, aliphatic hydrogen solvents, para?inic solvents, oxide, titanium oxide, manganese dioxide, Fullers earth,
paraf?ns, synthetic isopara?inic solvents. The isopara?inic bentonite, silica, micro-crystal silica, talc, pumice tripoli,
solvents are highly aliphatic compounds containing a high hydrated calcium silicate, Zeolite, anhydrous aluminum sili
percentage of isopara?ins. The organic solvents used in the 35 cate, chalk, colloidal clay, magnesium oxide, red iron oxide,
present invention are typically considered high boiling sol and tine oxide all of Which should preferably be available in
vents having a loW vapor pressure typically less than 1.0 mm a particle siZe of less than 5 microns (500 nanometers) or
Hg at 20 C. and preferably 0.1 mm Hg or less at 20 C. smaller.
Furthermore, the most preferred ISOPAR solvents report The present invention uses an abrasive compound under
edly have a vapor pressure of about 10 mm Hg at 38 C. and 40 a trade name of CELITE super ?ne super ?oss comprising
more preferably have a vapor pressure of about 4 mm Hg at of ?ux calcined diatomaceous earth. It is further de?ned as
38 C. The evaporation rate is an important criterion in a plankton marine diatomite, ?ne poWder, median particles
selection of the organic solvent. siZe of 5.0 microns having an typical chemical composition
It is also anticipated that White spirits, such as are pro of (SiO2 89.6%, A1203 4.0, Fe203 1.3, P2052, TiO2.2CaO
duced by SHELLSOL (Shell Co. And EXXSOL produced 45 0.5, MgO 0.6 and Na20+K2O 3.3%). WHITE MIST or
by ExxonMobil Corporation can also be utiliZed as the SUPER FLOSS can also be used in the instant invention to
solvent. obtain satisfactory results in place of the super ?ne super
The high boiling solvent is added in an effective amount ?oss. In addition, SIPERNAT 22 S, a synthetic amorphous
of up to 60 percent by Weight, more preferably in a range of precipitated silica With particle siZe of 7.0 micrometers from
from betWeen 0.01 to 50.0 percent by Weight, more prefer 50 Degussa can be substituted for CELITE SFSF.
ably in a range of from 5.0 to 40.0 percent by Weight, more A particularly important constituent is the use of nano
preferably in a range of from betWeen 10.0 to 30.0 percent particles in the instant composition comprising a high purity
by Weight based on the total Weight of the composition. aluminum oxide having an average particle siZe of about
A preferred embodiment described in Example 1 of the 0.20 micrometers, (200 nanometers), or less as measured
present invention includes about 27.7 percent by Weight of 55 using a Sedigraph 5100-MPD(D50) Sedigraph 5100
CONOSOL C-200 based on the total Weight of the compo obtained from Micromeritics Instrument Corporation. The
sition blend. preferred embodiments of the instant invention utiliZe an
alumina having a particle siZe of 200 nanometers With a
Water median particle diameter of 0.24 microns (240 nanometers).
Water functions as a carrier for ingredients in the polish 60 Thus, the particles range in siZe up to 0.2 micrometers. The
composition and to remove Water-based stains. The amount particles are de?ned as a high purity alumina grade RC-UFX
of Water Will range from about 10 to 60 percent by Weight MAR (no Magnesium oxide), and agglomerate free Which
of the total Weight of the composition, more preferably from Was available from Reynolds Metals Company and
15 to 50 percent by Weight of the total Weight of the BaikoWski. Because most polishing compounds are gener
composition, more preferably from about 20 to 40 percent 65 ally formulated With aluminum oxide have particles siZes
by Weight of the total Weight of the composition, and more greater than 0.20 micrometers, polishing a surface With the
preferably from about 25-35 percent by Weight of the total same component usually leaves a clean but dull surface
US 7,374,592 B2
9 10
requiring polishing With a high gloss polish to obtain a Fragrances
glossy surface. Because the instant invention utilizes alumi Although not required, an effective amount of one or more
num oxide having nanoparticles, another abrasive is pro fragrances, such as vanilla, bubble gum, orange, fruity
vided to clean the surface, yet the nanoparticles do not bouquet and the like may be added to the instant invention
interfere With the polishes thereby leaving a high gloss to impart a desirable scent to the product. Preferably the
polish surface produced in a one step by applying the polish fragrance is present in an amount of up to 2 percent by
and removing same by buffing. Weight, and more preferably of from betWeen 0.001 to 1.0
percent by Weight, and more preferably of from betWeen
Chelating Agents 0.01 to 0.5 percent by Weight. One preferred embodiment
A chelating agent such as triethanolamine, (TEA), contains about 0.2 percent by Weight of bubblegum based on
((HOCH2CH2)3N) comprising (85% triethanolamine min, the total Weight percent of the composition.
monoethanolamine 0.5% max, diethanolamine 15% max)
functions as a detergent builder for neutralizing heavy Dyes
minerals such as Ca++ and Mg++ in Water. Thus if the Water As an option, a dye can be added to the composition to
is hard and contains signi?cant amounts of calcium or other provide a desirable color or tint. A preferred dye for the
additives, the chelating agent combines With the ions neu composition set forth in Example 1 is LIQUITINT royal
tralizing the same, Which assists in producing stable emul blue L95010 in an amount of about 0.005 percent based on
sions of oils and polishing agents in Water. the total Weight of the composition. Of course, it is contem
Another chelating agent suitable for use in the present plated that an effective amount could comprise more or less
composition is ethylene diamine tetracetic acid (EDTA), 20
dye or tint up to 1% of the total Weight of the composition.
and/or morpholine. Other colorants suitable for use in the instant composition
The chelating agents are used in amounts up to 10 percent include metallized azos such as barium or calcium salts,
by Weight based on the total Weight of the composition, naphthol, pyrazalones, rhodamines, quinacridones, phthalo
more preferably from about 0.1 to 7 percent by Weight based cyanines, phthalocyanines, pigments including the magne
on the total Weight of the composition, more preferably from 25 sium salts, lead chromes and silicochromates, zinc chromes,
about 0.5 to 6 percent by Weight based on the total Weight barium chromate, strontium chromate, titanium nickel yel
of the composition, more preferably from about 1 to 5 loW, liminites, haematites, magnetites, micaceous oxides of
percent by Weight based on the total Weight of the compo iron, iron ferreites and Prussian blue.
sition, more preferably from about 2 to 4 percent by Weight
based on the total Weight of the composition. A preferred Additional Ingredients
30
embodiment disclosed in Example 1 uses about 3.8 percent Optional components such as fungicides, UV absorbers,
by Weight based on the total Weight of the composition. moisturizers, and/or colorants may also be added to the
polish composition in effective amounts of less than 1
Corrosion Inhibiting Agents percent by Weight based on the total Weight of the compo
A corrosion inhibitor such as LUBEROS 8555 from Lube sition. For instance, UV absorbers may include benzotriaz
35
Ros, a division of Burlington Chemical in Burlington, NC, oles and benzophenones.
comprises a predominately aliphatic oil soluble formulated
blend for use in formulating oil and/or solvent based rust
Application:
preventives forms a protective non-staining coating for short The polish is applied by rubbing the composition onto a
term use. The corrosion inhibitor also imparts rust preven Wet or dry metallic surface, preferably in a circular motion.
tive properties to formulations, and in loW viscosity oil/ 40 After coating the surface, the coated surface is dried until a
solvent acts as a base With Water insoluble lubricant addi translucent ?lm is formed thereon, Which may be bulfed to
tives such as esters or oleates. It also polishes, forms a remove excess polish and leave a uniform, durable, high
protective non-staining coating for short term use. It com gloss Water resistant protective ?lm thereon.
prises 10-20% nap oil (100-200) sus, 5-10% Water insoluble
additives and the balance mineral spirits. 45 EXAMPLES
It is anticipated that LUBEROS RP-3118 and 3115 are
corrosion inhibitors comprising oil soluble blends Which The folloWing examples further describe the polishing
could be utilized as substitutes for the LUBEROS 8555 in compositions of the instant invention, methods of using the
the present invention. polishing compositions, and the tests performed to deter
50 mine the various characteristics of the polishing composi
Preservatives tions. The examples are provided for exemplary purposes to
A biocide, such as SURCIDE P, DANTOGARD, facilitate understanding of the invention and should not be
(DMDM Hydantoin) or TROYSAN 395 is optionally used construed to limit the invention to the examples.
as a preservative in the product. The biocide is not a
necessary component to provide a functional polish com 55 Example 1
position for use on Wetted surfaces; hoWever, the preserva
tive provides a useful shelf life to the product.
The biocide preservative is added in an effective amount
to preserve the polish composition product and ranges from
0.01 to 2.0 percent by Weight, and more preferably in a range 60 Percent by
Ingredients Weight Based on Weight of Total Composition
of from 0.05 to 1.0 percent by Weight, and more preferably
in a range of from betWeen 0.1 and 0.5 percent by Weight Deionized Water 32.895
based on the total Weight of the composition. A preferred TEA 3.8 chelating agent (detergent builder) for
(triethanolamine) neutralizing heavy minerals such as Ca++
preservative for Example 1 is SURCIDE P, in an effective and Mg++ in Water ((85% triethanolamine
amount of up to 1 percent of the total Weight of the 65 min, monoethanolamine .5% max,
composition. Other preservatives such as polymethoxybicy diethanolamine 15% max)
clic oxazolidine may also be useful in the present invention.
US 7,374,592 B2
11 12
are to be understood therefrom, for modi?cation Will
-continued become obvious to those skilled in the art upon reading this
disclosure and may be made upon departing from the spirit
Percent by of the invention and scope of the appended claims. Accord
Ingredients Weight Based on Weight of Total Composition
ingly, this invention is not intended to be limited by the
Alumina 1.0 particle siZe of 200 nm (nano) (median speci?c exempli?cations presented herein above. Rather,
particle diameter 0.24 microns) What is intended to be covered is Within the spirit and scope
CELITE super ?ne 20.0 CELITE (?ux calcined diatomaceous
super ?oss earth) plankton marine diatomite, ?ne
of the appended claims.
poWder, median particle siZe 5.0 microns.
(SiO2 89.6%, A1203 4.0, Fe203 1.3, We claim:
P205.2, TiO2.2CaO .5, MgO .6 and 1. A metallic polish composition, comprising:
Na2O + K20 3.3%)
CONOSOL C-200 27.7 hydrocarbon solvent (middle distillates) an oil soluble corrosion inhibitor in an amount of about
Stearic acid 8.3 (Octadecanoic acid, (50% hexadecanoic 3.0 percent by Weight based on the total Weight of the
acid, 45.5% octadecanoic acid, 2.5% composition;
tetradecanoic acid, and 1.5% margaric a nonionic surfactant in an amount of about 3.0 percent by
acid) Weight based on the total Weight of the composition;
BURCOTERGE 3.0 Controlled foam nonionic surfactant
LFE 1000 (removes Silicone oils, detergent for oil a stearic acid in an amount of about 8.3 percent by Weight
and grease, emulsi?es oils and greases to based on the total Weight of the composition;
prevent re-deposition)
LUBEROS 8555 3.0 Corrosion inhibitor (Oil soluble a hydrocarbon solvent comprising a middle distillate in an
20 amount of about 27.7 percent by Weight based on the
formulated blend for use in formulating oil
and/or solvent based rust preventives, total Weight of the composition;
forms protective non-staining coating for
short term use, imparts rust preventive
a chelating agent comprising a triethanolamine in an
properties to formulations and in lOW amount of about 3.8 percent by Weight based on the
viscosity oil/solvent as a base With Water total Weight of the composition;
insoluble lubricant additive such as esters, 25
a calcined diatomaceous earth having a median particle
oleates, or polishes and is oil soluble
(15-20% nap oil (100-200 sus0, 5-10%
size of about 5 microns in an amount of about 20.0
Water insoluble additive and balance percent by Weight based on the total Weight of the
mineral spirits) composition;
Liquitint blue 0.005 polymeric colorants an aluminum oxide having an average particle size of 20
185010 (color) 30
nanometers and median particle diameter of 0.24
Bubble gum ?avor .20 ?avor
SURCIDE P 0.1 preservative microns in an amount of about 1.0 percent by Weight
based on the total Weight of the composition; and
Water in an amount of about 33 percent by Weight based
on the total Weight of the composition.
FIG. 3 is a comparison photograph showing a panel 2. The metallic polish composition of claim 1, further
treated With a polish according to the composition of comprising colorants in an amount from 0.005 to 1.0 percent
Example 1 as (Formulation A) of the present invention; by Weight based on the total Weight of the composition.
together With panels treated With a leading competitors 3. The metallic polish composition of claim 1, further
metal polish cream Product, (Formulation B); and a leading 40 comprising a fragrance in an amount from 0.001 to 1.0
competitors mag and aluminum polish, (Formulation C); percent by Weight based on the total Weight of the compo
and (D an untreated panel), all of Which Were subjected to sition.
the same Humidity Chamber Corrosion Test. The tests shoW 4. The metallic polish composition of claim 1, further
the superior performance of the formulation in accordance comprising a preservative in an amount from 0.05 to 1.0
With the present invention as compared to competitive 45 percent by Weight based on the total Weight of the compo
products and untreated surfaces. sition.
The foregoing detailed description is given primarily for
clearness of understanding and no unnecessary limitations