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I.J.

Information Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59


Published Online August 2013 in M ECS (http://www.mecs-press.org/)
DOI: 10.5815/ ijieeb.2013.02.08

On Fuzzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference


Function
Said Brou mi
Facu lt y o f A rts an d Hu man it ies, Hay El Baraka Ben M's ik Casab lanca B.P. 7951, HassanII Un ivers ity
Moh ammed ia-Casab lanca, Mo ro cco
1
broumisaid78@g mail.co m

Florentin Smarandache
Depart ment of Mathemat ics, University of New Mexico, 705 Gurley Avenue, Gallup, NM 87301, USA
fsmarandache@gmail.co m

Mamoni Dhar
Depart ment of Mathemat ics, Science College, Kokrajhar-783370, Assam, India
mamon idhar@g mail.co m

AbstractIn this paper we study fuzzy soft mat rix discussed about the convergence of powers of fuzzy
based on reference function.Firstly, we define some new matrix. In [15,16,17],some important results on determinant
operations such as fuzzy soft complement matrix and of a square fuzzy mat rices are discussed .Also,Ragab et
trace of fuzzy soft mat rix based on reference al. [18,19] presented some properties of the min-max
function.Then, we introduced some related properties, composition of fuzzy matrices. Later on, several studies
and some examp les are given. Lastly, we define a new and some applications of fuzzy matrices are defined in
[20,21].
fuzzy soft matrix decision method based on reference
function. In 2010,Cagmanet al [13] defined soft matrix wh ich is
representation of soft set, to make operations in
Index TermsSoft set, fuzzy soft set, fuzzy soft set theoretical studies in soft set more functional. Th is
based on reference function, fuzzy soft matrix based on representation has several advantages, its easy to store
reference function. and manipulate matrices and hence the soft sets
represented by them in a co mputer.
Recently severalresearch have been studied the
I. INTRODUCTION connection between soft set and soft matrices [ 13,14,22].
Later,Maji et al [9 ] introduced the theory of fuzzy soft
Fuzzy set theory was proposed by LotfiA.Zadeh [1] in
set and applied it to decision making problem. In 2011,
1965,where each element ( real valued ) [ 0, 1] had a
Yang and C.Ji[22],defined fuzzy soft matrix (FSM)
degree of membership defined on the universe of which is very useful in representing and computing the
discourse X, the theory has been found extensive
data involving fuzzy soft sets.
application in various field to handle uncertainty.
The concept of fuzzy set based on reference function
Therefore,several researches were conducted on the was first introduced by Baruah [23,24,25] in the following
generalization on the notions of fu zzy sets such as
manner - According to him, to define a fuzzy set, two
intuitionistic fuzzy set proposed by Atanassov [2,3],
functions namely fuzzy membership function and
interval valued fuzzy set [5 ]. In the literature we found fuzzy reference function are necessary. Fuzzy
many well known theories to describe uncertainty:
membership value is the difference between fuzzy
rough set theory [6]..etc, but all of these theories have
membership function and reference function. Fuzzy
their inherit difficulties as pointed by Molodtsov in his membership function and fuzzy membership value are
pioneer wo rk[7].The concept introduced by Molodtsov is
two different things. In [26, 27] M.Dhar applied this
called soft set theory which is set valued mapping.
concept to fuzzy square matrix and developed some
This new mathematical model is free fro m the interesting properties as determinant, trace and so on.
difficult ies mentioned above.Since its introduction, the
Thereafter, in [28], T.J.Neog, D. K.Sutwere extended this
concept of soft set has gained considerable attention and
new concept to soft set theory, introducing a new
this concept has resulted in a series of wo rk [8, 9,10,11,12, 13, concept called fuzzy soft set based on fuzzy reference
14]
.
function. Recently,Neog . T.J, Sut D. K,M .Bora[29]
Also as we know, mat rices play an important ro le in
combinedfu zzy soft set based on reference function with
science and technology. However, the classical mat rix soft matrices. The paper unfolds as follows. The next
theory sometimes fails to solve the problems involving
section briefly introduces some definit ions related tosoft
uncertainties,occurring in an imprecise environ ment. In
[4] set,fuzzy soft set, and fuzzy soft setbased on reference
Thomason, introduced the fuzzy mat rices to represent function. Section 3 presents fuzzy soft complement
fuzzy relat ion in a system based on fuzzy set theory and

Copyright 2012 M ECS I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59
On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function 53

matrix based on reference function. Sect ion that this definition sometimes gives degenerate cases and
4presentstrace of fuzzy soft matrix based on reference revised the above definition as follows:
function..Section5presentsnew fuzzy soft mat rix theory
in decision making .Conclusions appear in the last 2.5 .Definition [29]
section. Let A (1 ,2 )={x,1 (x) , 2 (x) ; x U } and B (3 ,4 )
={x, 3 (x), 4 (x) ; x U } be two fuzzy sets defined
over the same universe U.
II. PRELIMINA RIES Then the operations intersection and union are defined
asA ( 1 , 2 ) B ( 3 , 4 )= {x,
In this section first we review some concepts and min(1 (x),3 (x)) ,max( 2 (x) ,4 (x)) ; x U } and A
definitions of soft set,fuzzy soft set, and fuzzy soft set ( 1 , 2 ) B ( 3 , 4 )= {x,
based on reference functionfrom [9,12,13,29], which will be max(1 (x) ,3 (x)) ,min( 2 (x),4 (x)) ; x U }
needed in the sequel.
Remark:
2.6.Definition [29]
For the sake of simplicity we adopt the following notation
of fuzzy soft set based on reference function defined in Let A ( 1 , 2 )={x, 1 () , 2 () ; x U } and B
our way as: Fuzzy soft set based on reference =(F, A) rf ( 3, 4 )={x, 3 () , 4 () ; x U } be two fuzzy sets
To make the difference between the notation (F, A) defined over the same universe U.To avoid degenerate
defined for classical soft set or its variants as fuzzy soft cases we assume that min( 1 () , 3 () )
set. max( 2 () , 4 ()) for all x U.
Then the operations intersection and union are defined
2.1.Definition (Soft Set [13]) as A ( 1 , 2 ) B ( 3 , 4 )= {x,
min(1 (x),3 (x)) ,max( 2 (x) ,4 (x)) ; x U } and A
Suppose that U is an initial universe set and E is a set
( 1 , 2 ) B ( 3 , 4 )= {x,
of parameters, let P(U) denotes the power set of U.A
max( 1 () , 3 ()) ,min( 2 () , 4 ()) ; x U }
pair(F,E) is called a soft set over U where F is a mapping
given by F: EP(U).Clearly, a soft set is a mapping from
2.7. Definition[29]
parameters to P(U),and it is not a set, but a parameterized
family of subsets of the universe. For usual fuzzy setsA (, 0)={x, (),0 ; x U }and
B (1, )={x, 1 , () ; x U } defined over the same
2.2. Example. universe U, we have A ( , 0 ) B (1, )= {x,
Suppose that U={s1,s2,s3,s4} is a set of students and min((), 1 ) ,max(0 ,()) ; x U }= {x, (), () ; x
E={e1,e2,e3} is a set of parameters, which stand for U }, which is nothing but the null set and A (, 0 )
result, conduct and sports performances respectively. B (1, )= {x, max((), 1) ,min( 0, ()) ; x U } =
Consider the mapping from parameters set E to the set of {x,1, 0 ; x U }, which is nothing but the universal set U.
all subsets of power set U.Then soft set (F,E) describes This means if we define a fuzzy set(A (, 0) ) ={x,
the character of the students with respect to the given 1, () ; x U } it is nothing but the complement
parameters, for finding the best student of an academic ofA (, 0)={x, () ,0 ; x U }.
year.
(F, E) = {{result = s1, s3, s4} {conduct = s1,s2 } 2.8. Definition[29]
{sports performances = s2,s3,s4 }} Let A ( 1, 2 )={x, 1 () , 2 () ; x U } and B
( 3, 4)={x, 3 () , 4 () ; x U } be two fuzzy sets
2.3. Definition (FuzzySoft Set [9, 12] ) defined over the same universe U.The fuzzy setA
Let U be an initial universe set and E be the set of ( 1, 2)is a subset of the fuzzy set B ( 3, 4)if for all x
parameters. Let AE .A pair (F,A) is called fuzzy soft set U , 1 () 3 () and 4 () 2 ().
over U where F is a mapping given by F: Two fuzzy setsC={x, ()x U }and D={x, ();
AF u ,whereF u denotes the collection of all fu zzy subsets x U } in the usual definition would be expressed
of U. asC( , 0)={x, () , 0; x U }and D ( , 0) ={x,
(),0; x U }
2.4.Example. Accordingly, we have C( , 0) D( , 0) if for all
Consider the example2.2,in soft set(F,E),if s1 is x U, () () , wh ich can be obtained by
mediu m in studies, we cannot expressed with only the putting 2 () = 4 ()=0 in the new definition.
two numbers 0 and 1,we can characterize it by a
membership function instead of the crisp number 0 and 2.9 .Defintion [29] (Fuzzy soft matrices (FSMs) based on
1,which associates with each element a real number in the reference function)
interval [0,1].Then fuzzy soft set can describe as Let U be an initial universe, E be the set of parameters
(F, A)={F(e1) = {(s1,0.9), (s2,0.3), (s3,0.8), (s4,0.9)}, and A E. Let ( , E) be fu zzy soft set (FS) over U.
F(e2) = {(s1,0.8), (s2,0.9), (s3,0.4), (s4,0.3)}},where Then a subset of U E is uniquely defined by = {(u,
A={ e1,e2}. e); e A, u ()} which is called a relation form of
In the following, Neog et al. [29] showed by an example ( , E).

Copyright 2012 M ECS I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59
54 On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function

2.10. Example thatmi n ( 1 ( ) , 1 ( )) max ( 2 ( ), 2 ( )) for


Assume that U ={u1 ,u2 ,u3 ,u4 } is a universal setand all i and j .Th e op erat ion o f add it ion (+) b et ween A
E ={ e1 , e ,e3 ,e4 ,e5 } be the set of parameters and and B is d efined as A+ B =C ,where C= [ ] ,
A={e1 ,e2 ,e3 } E =(max ( 1 ( ) , 1 ( )), min ( 2 ( ) , 2 ( )) )
and
2.14. Example
(1 ) ={ 1(0.7 , 0) , 2 (0.1 , 0) , 3 (0.2 , 0) ,
4 (0.6 , 0) } Let U={1 ,2 ,3 ,4 } be the un iversal set and Eb e
(2 ) ={ 1(0.8 , 0) , 2 (0.6 , 0) , 3 (0.1 , 0) , the set of parameters g iven by E={ 1, 2 , 3 }
4 (0.5 , 0) } We cons ider th e fu zzy soft sets based on reference
(3 ) ={ 1(0.1 , 0) , 2 (0.2 , 0) , 3 (0.7 , 0) , funct ion.
4 (0.3 , 0) }
(F,E)={F( 1)={(1 ,0.3, 0) ),(2 ,0.5, 0), (3 , 0.6, 0),
Then the fuzzy soft set ( , E) is a parameterized (4 ,0.5,0)},F( 2 )={(1 ,0.7, 0) ),(2 ,0.9, 0), (3 , 0.7, 0),
family { (1 ) , (2 ) , (3 ) } of all fuzzy soft sets (4 ,0.8,0)},F( 3 )={(1 ,0.6, 0) ),(2 ,0.7, 0), (3 , 0.7, 0),
over U. Then the relation form of ( , E) is written as (4 ,0.3,0)}}.

TABLE 1.The relation form of ( , E) (G,E)={G( 1)={(1 ,0.8, 0) ),(2 ,0.7, 0), (3 , 0.5, 0),
e1 e2 e3 e4 (4 ,0.4,0)}, G( 2 )={(1 ,0.9, 0) ),(2 ,0.9, 0), (3 , 0.8,
u1 (0.7, 0) (0.8, 0) (0.1, 0) (0, 0) 0), ( 4 ,0.7,0)},G( 3 )={( 1 ,0.5, 0) ),( 2 ,0.9, 0), ( 3 ,
u2 (0.1, 0) (0.6, 0) (0.2, 0) (0, 0) 0.6, 0), (4 ,0.8,0)}}.
u3 (0.2, 0) (0.1, 0) (0.7, 0) (0, 0)
u4 (0.6, 0) (0.5, 0) (0.3, 0) (0, 0) The fu zzy soft mat rices based on reference
funct ion rep resenting these t wo fu zzy soft sets are
Hence,the fuzzy soft matrix representing this fuzzy respect ively
soft set would be represented as
(. , )(. , )(. , ) (. , )(. ,)(. ,)
(. , )(. , )(. , ) (. , )(. ,)(. ,)
(. , )(. , )(. , )(, )
=(. , )(. , )(. , ),B =(. , )(. ,)(. ,)

A=
(. , )(. , )(. , )(, )

A
(. , )(. , )(. , )(, ) (. , )(. , )(. , ) (. , )(. ,)(. ,)
(. , )(. , )(. , )(, )

(. , )(. , )(. , )
2.11. Definition[29 ] HereA+B = (. , )(. , )(. , )

(. , )(. , )(. , )
We define the membership value matrix corresponding (. , )(. , )(. , )
to the matrix A as MV(A) =[ ( )] Where () =
1 ( )- 2 ( ) i= 1,2,3,,m and j =1,2,3..,n ,where
1 ( ) and 2 ( ) represent the fuzzy membership III. FUZZY SOFT COMPLEM ENT MATRIX
function and fuzzy reference function respectively of in BASED ON REFERENCE FUNCTION
the fuzzy set F( ).
In this section ,westart by introducing the notion of the
fuzzy soft complement matrix based on reference
2.12. Definition [29] function,and we prove some formal properties.
Let the fuzzy soft matrices corresponding to the fuzzy
soft sets (F,E), and (G,E) beA=[ aij ] FSM m n , 3.1. Definition
B=[ bij ]where aij = ( j1 (ci ) , j2 (ci ) ) and bij Let A= (aij , 0) FSM m n according to the
m n
=( j1 (ci ) , j2 (ci ) ),i =1,2,3,, m ;j =1,2,3,,n ;Then c
definition in [26], then A is calledfuzzy soft complement
Aand Bare called fuzzy soft equal matrices denoted matrix if Ac = (1 , aij ) for all aij [0 , 1].
byA=B, if 1 ( ) = 1 ( ) and 1 ( ) = 1 ( ) for all m n

i,j.
3.2 .Example
In [13], the add it ion (+) op eration bet ween t wo
(0.7, 0)(0.8,0)
fu zzy soft mat rices is defined as fo llo ws Let A = ( be fuzzy soft matrix based on
0.1, 0)(0.6,0)
2.13. Definition [29] reference function, then the complement of this matrix is
(1, 0.7)(1, 0.8)
Let U={1 ,2 ,3 , . . , } be the un iversal set and = ( .
1, 0.1)(1, 0.6)
Ebe th e set of parameters g iven by
E={ 1,2 , 3 , . . , }.Let the set of all m n fu zzy 3.3. Proposition
soft matrices ov er U b e FSM . Let A, B be two fuzzy soft matrix based on fuzzy
Let A , B FSM m n ,where A= [ ] , = reference function .Then
( 1 ( ) , 2 ( ) ) and B= [ ] ,
=( 1 ( ) , 2 ( )).To avoid degenerate cases we assume (i)( ) = ( ) (1)

Copyright 2012 M ECS I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59
On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function 55

(ii)( + ) = ( ) +( ) (2) fu zzy so ft matrices


trA= (max ,min )
Proof:
To show (i) and
( ) = ( ) trB= (max ,min )

We have, let A , then then


A= [( 1 ( ) , 2 ( )] A+B= C where C=[ ]
= [1 , 1 ( )]
( ) = [1 , 1 ( )] Following the defin it ion o f add it ion of t wo fu zzy soft
For = [( 1 ( ) , 2 ( )], mat rices, we hav e
= (max( , ),min( , ))
we have
( ) = [1 , 1 ( )] According to definition 4.1 the trace of fuzzy soft
Hen ce ( ) = ( ) matrixbased on reference function would be:

tr (C) = [ max {max( , ) }, min {min( , )}]


The proof of (ii) follows similar lines as above.
= [ max {max( ) ,max( )} , min {min( ), min( )}]
3.4. Example = trA+trB,
Conversely,
Let A=(. ,)(. ,)
, B=
(. , )(. , )

(. ,)(. ,) (. , )(. , ) trA+trB = [ max {max( ) ,max( )} , min {(min( ),
min( ))}]
=(, . )(, . )
(, . )(, . )
(, . )(, . )
, =
(, . )(, . )
= [ max {max( , ), min (min( , )}]
=tr(A+B)
( ) =(1, 0.2)(1,0.1)
(1, 0.3)(1,0.4)
, ( ) =
(1, 0.5)(1, 0.6)
(1, 0.4)(1, 0.2)

, ( ) +( ) = hence the resulttrA+trB =tr(A+B)
(, . )(, . )

(, . )(, . )
4.3. Example:
(, . )(, . ) (, . )(, . )
+ =
(, . )(, . )
, ( + ) =

(, . )(, . )
Let us consider the following two fuzzy soft matrices
A and Bbased on reference function for illustration
Then purposes
( + ) = ( ) +( ).
(. , )(. , )(. , ) (, )(. ,)( . ,)
A =(. , )(. , )(. , )andB= ( . ,)(. , )(. , )
(. , )(. , )(. , ) (. , )(, )( . ,)

IV. TRA CE OF FUZZY SOFT MATRIXBASED ON


REFERENCE FUNCTION The addition of two soft matrices would be:

In this section we extend the concept of trace of fuzzy (, )(. , )(. , )

square matrix proposed M. Dhar[26] to fuzzy soft square A+B = (. , )(. , )(. , )
(. , )(, )(. , )
matrix based on reference function, and we prove some
formal properties. Using the defin it ion of trace of fu zzy soft matrices,
we see the following results:
4.1. Definition
Let A be a square matrix. Then the trace ofthe matrix A is tr A = { max(0.3, 0.5, 0.4), min (0, 0, 0)}=(0.5 , 0)
denoted by tr A and is defined as: tr B = { max(1, 0.5, 0.8), min (0, 0, 0)}=(1 , 0)

trA= (max( ),min( )) (3) Thus we have

where ii stands for the membership functions lying trA+trB = { max(1, 0.5, 0.8) , min (0, 0, 0)}=(1 , 0)
along the principal diagonal and rii refers to the reference
function of the corresponding membership functions. And
tr (A+B) = { max(1, 0.5, 0.8) , min (0, 0, 0)}= (1, 0)
4.2. Proposition
Let A and B be t wo fu zzy softsquare matrices each of Hence the result
order n. trA+trB =tr(A+B)
Then
tr (A+B) =t rA+ trB (4) 4.4.Proposition
Let A = [ , ] FSM be fuzzy soft squarematrix
proof. of order n, if is a scalar such that 0 1 . Then
We h ave fro m th e p roposed defin it ion o f trace o f

Copyright 2012 M ECS I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59
56 On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function

tr( A)= tr(A) (5) soft matrices based on reference function, we have.
(, . )(, . )(, . )
proof. + = (, . )(, . )(, . )
to prove (, . )(, . )(, . )

tr( A) = trA0 1
we have tr ( + ) ={max(1,1,1),min (0.3, 0.5, 0.4)}
tr( A) ={ max( ), min ( )} = (1, 0.3)
={ max( ), min( )}
= tr (A)
V. NEW FUZZY SOFT MATRIX THEORY IN
4.5. Example DECISION MAKING
(. , )(. , )(. , )
Let A = (. , )(. , )(. , )and =0.5 In th is section we adopted the defin it ion o f fu zzy
(. , )(. , )(. , ) soft mat rix decis ion method p roposed by P.
Rajarajes wari,P. Dh analaks h mi in [30] to the case of
Then fu zzy soft mat rix based on referen ce funct ion in o rder
to define a new fu zzy soft mat rix decis ion method
(. ,)(. , )(. , )
A = (. ,)(. , )(. , ) based on reference funct ion .
(. ,)(. , )(. , )

5.1. Definition: (Value Matrix)


tr( A) = { max(0.15, 0.25, 0.20), min ( (0, 0, 0)}
= (0.25,0) Let A =[ a ij , 0 ] [ FSM ] m n .Then we defin e the
Again value mat rix of fu zzy soft matrix A based on
tr A=(0.5,0) reference funct ion as V(A )=[ a ij ] =[ a ij - r ij ], i=1,
and hence 2, ,.,m , j= 1,2,3,, n, where r ij = [ 0] m n .
tr( A) =0.5 (0.5, 0) = (0.25,0)
5.2. Definition:(Score Matrix)
4.6. Proposition: If A =[ a ij ] FSM,B=[ bij ] [ FSM ] m n .Th en we
Let A =[ , ] FSM be fuzzy soft square define sco re matrix of A and B as :
matrices each of order n .
Then s A ,B =[dij ]mxn where [dij ]=V(A )-V(B)
trA=tr( ),where is the transpose of A
5.3. Definition:(Total Score)
4.7.Example If A =[ a ij , 0 ] [ FSM ] m n ,B=[ bij , 0 ]
(. , )(. , )(. , )
Let =(. , )(. , )(. , ) [ FSM ] m n .Let the correspond ing valu e mat rices be
(. , )(. , )(. , )
V(A ),V(B) and their score matrix is s A,B =[dij ] mxn then
Then we define total score fo r each ci in U as s i = nj=1 dij .
tr( )= { max(0.3, 0.5, 0.4) , min (0, 0, 0)}
Methodology and algorith m
=(0.5, 0)
Assume th at there is a set of
HencetrA=tr( )
candid ates( p rog rammer), U={c1 , c2 , ,,cn } is a set
of cand idates to be recru ited by soft ware
The same result will hold if we consider the complements
develop ment org anizat ion in p rogrammer post.Let E
of fuzzy soft square matrices.
is a set of paramet ers related to innovat ive att itude o f
( , .)( ,. )(, . ) the prog rammer. We construct fu zzy soft set
= ( , .)( ,. )(, . ) (F,E)over U rep resent the select ion o f cand idate by
( , .)( ,. )(, . )
field expert X,where F is a mapp ing F:E F u ,F u is
tr ={max (1, 1, 1), min (0.3, 0.5, 0.4)}=(1, 0.3) the collection o f all fu zzy subsets of U. We further
construct another fu zzy soft set (G,E)over Urepresent
If we consider another fuzzy soft matriceB:
the select ion o f cand idat e by field expert Y,where G
( , )(. , )(. ,) is a mapp ing G:E , is the co llection of all
B = (. ,)(. ,)( . ,) fu zzy subsets of U.The mat ricesA and B
( . ,)( , )(. ,)
corresponding to the fu zzy softsets (F,E) and (G,E)
(, )(, . )(, . ) are constructed,we co mpute the co mp lementsand
= (, . )(, . )(, .) theirmatrices and corresponding to (F, E)
(, .)(, )(, . )
and (G, E) respectively . Co mpute A +B wh ich is
Then the trace of will be the following: themaxi mu m memb ersh ip o f select ion of cand idat es
tr( )={max(1,1,1),min (1, 0.5, 0.8)}=(1, 0.5) by the judges. Co mpute + wh ich is the
maxi mu m membership o f non selection o f cand idat es
Following the definition 2.13 of addition of two fuzzy by the judges. us ingdef (5.1) ,Co mpute
V(A +B),V( + ) (( + ),( + )) and the total

Copyright 2012 M ECS I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59
On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function 57

score for each cand idate in U.Finally find =


max( ),then conclud e that the cand id ate has Then the add it ion mat rices are
selected by the judg es.If has mo re than on e v alu e (0.2, 0)(0.6, 0)(0.5, 0) (1, 0.1)(1, 0.6)(1, 0.5)
(0.6, 0)(0.5, 0)(0.8, 0) (1, 0.5)(1, 0.4)(1, 0.7)
the process is repeated by reassessing the parameters.
A+B= (0.2, 0)(0.6, 0)(0.7, 0) , + = (1, 0.1)(1, 0.5)(1, 0.6)
No w, us ing defin it ions 5-1, 5-2 and 5-3 we can (0.4, 0)(0.8, 0)(0.5, 0) (1, 0.3)(1, 0.7)(1, 0.5)
construct a fu zzy soft matrix decis ion making method

based on reference funct ion by the fo llo wing . . . . . .


. . . . . .
algo rith m.
V(A +B) = . . . ,V( + ) = . . .
. . . . . .
Alg ori thm

Step1 :Input th e fu zzy soft set (F, E), (G,E) and obtain
the fu zzy soft mat rices A ,B correspond ing to Calcu late the score matrix and the total sco re for
select ion
(F,E) and (G, E) respectiv ely.
Step2 :W rite the fu zzy soft co mplement set . .
. . .
(F, E) c , (G, E) c and obtain the fu zzy soft = . . .
( (+ ),( + ))
mat rices Ac , B c corresponding to (F, E) c ,and . .

(G, E) c respect ively.
Step3 :Co mpute (A +B),(Ac +B c ), V(A +B),V( Ac +B c )
.
.
and s ((A +B),( A c + B c )) . Total score =


.
.
Step4 :Co mpute the total score S i for each ci in U.

Step5 :Find ci fo r wh ich max ( S i ) .
We see that the second candidate has the maximu m
Then we con clud e that the cand idate is selected
value and thus conclude that from both the experts
for the post.
opinion, candidate2 is selected for the post.
Incase max occurs for more than one v alu e, then
repeatthe pro cess by reassessing the parameters.
VI. CONCLUSIONS
Case S tudy
In ou r work, we hav e put fo rward so me new
Let (F,E) and (G,E) be t wo fu zzy so ft set based concepts such as co mp lement , t race o f fu zzy soft
on reference funct ion rep resenting the select ion o f mat rix based on reference fun ction . So me related
four cand idat es fro m the un iversal set U= {c1 ,c2 ,c3 ,c4 } properties have been established with examp le.
by the experts X,and Y.Let E = {e 1 , e 2 ,e 3 } be the set Finally an applicat ion of fu zzy soft mat rix based on
of parameters wh ich stand fo r intelligence,innovat ive reference funct ion in decis ion making p roblem is
and analysis . given . It s hoped that ou r work will enhance th is
study in fu zzy soft mat rix.
(F,E)={F( 1)={(1 ,0.1, 0) ),(2 ,0.5, 0), (3 , 0.1, 0),
(4 ,0.4,0)},F( 2 )={(1 ,0.6, 0) ),(2 ,0.4, 0), (3 , 0.5, 0),
(4 ,0.7,0)},F( 3 )={(1 ,0.5, 0) ),(2 ,0.7, 0), (3 , 0.6, 0), VII. ACKNOW LEDGM ENTS
(4 , 0.5, 0)}}.
The authors wou ld like to than k the anony mous
rev iewers fo r their carefu l read ing o f th is paper and
(G,E)={G( 1)={(1 ,0.2, 0) ),(2 ,0.6, 0), (3 , 0.2, 0),
for their help fu l co mments.
(4 ,0.3,0)}, G( 2 )={(1 ,0.6, 0) ),(2 ,0.5, 0), (3 , 0.6,
0), (4 ,0.8,0)}, ,G( 3 )={(1 ,0.5, 0) ),(2 ,0.8, 0), (3 ,
0.7, 0), (4 ,0.5,0)}}.
REFERENCES
These t wo fu zzy soft sets based on reference
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funct ion are rep resented by th e follo wing fu zzy soft
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( ., )(. , )(. , ) ( . ,)( . ,)(. , )
[3] Krass i mirA tan assov . Int u it ion ist ic fu zzy sets ,
A= ( ., )(. , )(. , ) B= ( . ,)( . ,)(. , )
( ., )(. , )(. , ) ( . ,)( . ,)(. , ) Theo ry and A pp licat ions , Phys ica -Verlag ,

W y rzbu rg, 199 9.
[4] M ichael G. Tho mas on .Co nv erg en ce o f
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(, . )(, . )(, . ) (, .)(, .)(, .)
[5] I.Bu rhan Tu rks en. Int erv al v alu ed fu zzy s ets
(, . )(, . )(, . ) (, .)(, .)(, .)
bas ed on n o rmal fo rms . Fu zzy Sets and
=(, . )(, . )(, . ), =(, .)(, .)(, .)
(, . )(, . )(, . ) (, .)(, .)(, .)

Copyright 2012 M ECS I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59
58 On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function

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[17] Ki Ho ng Ki m and Fred W . Ro ush .
Gen eralized fu zzy mat rices , Fu zzy Sets and Dr. FlorentinS marandacheis a
Syste ms , 4 (19 80), p p.29 3-3 15. Professor of Mathematics at the
[18] M .Z. Rag ab an d E. G. Ema m Th e d et ermin ant University of New Mexico in USA.
an d ad jo int o f a sq uare fu zzy mat ri x, Fu zzy He published over 75 books and
Sets and Syst ems , 61 ( 199 4), pp .297- 30 7. 200 articles and notes in
[19] M .Z. Rag ab and E. G. Ema m, On t h e min - mathematics, physics, philosophy,
ma x co mp os it ion o f fu zzy mat rices , Fu zzy psychology, rebus, literature. In
Sets and Syste ms, 75 (1 99 5), pp .83-9 2. mathematics his research is in
[20] Hiros h i Hash i mo to . Co n vergen ce o f p o wers number theory, non-Euclidean geomet ry, synthetic
of a fu zzy t rans it iv e mat ri x, Fu zzy Sets and geometry, algebraic structures, statistics, neutrosophic
Syste ms , 9 (19 83), p p.15 3-1 60. logic and set (generalizations of fuzzy logic and set
[21] Jin Bai K i m.In vers es o f Boo lean M at rices , respectively), neutrosophic probability (generalizat ion
Bu ll.Inst .Math .Acod , Science 12 (2)(19 84), of classical and imp recise probability).A lso, small
125- 1 contributions to nuclear and particle physics,
[22] Yo u n g Yang , Ch en li Ji. Fu zzy So ft M at rices informat ion fusion, neutrosophy (a generalization of
an d th eir A pp licat io ns, A rt ificial Int elligence dialectics), law of sensations and stimu li, etc. He got the
an d Co mp ut at ion al Int elligenceLectu re No tes 2010 Telesio-Galilei Academy of Science Go ld Medal,

Copyright 2012 M ECS I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59
On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function 59

Adjunct Professor (equivalent to Doctor HonorisCausa)


of Beijing Jiaotong University in 2011, and 2011
Ro manian Academy Award for Technical Science (the
highest in the country). Dr. W. B. VasanthaKandasamy
and Dr.Flo rentinSmarandache got the 2012 and 2011
New Mexico-Arizona Book Award for A lgebraic
Structures.

Said Broumi is an Admin istrator


of Hassan II university
Mohammedia- Casablanca. He
worked in University for five
years. He received his M.Sc in
Industrial Automatic fro m Hassan
II University Ainchok- Casablanca.
His research concentrates on soft
set theory, fuzzy theory, intuition istic fuzzy
theory ,neutrosophic theory, control systems.

Mamoni Dharis an Assistant


Professor in the department of
Mathematics, Science College,
Kokrajhar, Assam, India. She
received M.Sc degree fro m
Gauhati University, M.Ph il
degree from Madurai Kamraj
University, B.Ed fro m Gauhati
University and PGDIM fro m India Gandhi National
Open University. Her research interest is in Fuzzy
Mathematics. She has published eighteen articles in
different national and international journals .

Copyright 2012 M ECS I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59