In this paper we study fuzzy soft matrix based on reference function.Firstly, we define some new operations such as fuzzy soft complement matrix and trace of fuzzy soft matrix based on reference function.Then, we introduced some related properties, and some examples are given. Lastly, we define a new fuzzy soft matrix decision method based on reference function.

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In this paper we study fuzzy soft matrix based on reference function.Firstly, we define some new operations such as fuzzy soft complement matrix and trace of fuzzy soft matrix based on reference function.Then, we introduced some related properties, and some examples are given. Lastly, we define a new fuzzy soft matrix decision method based on reference function.

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Published Online August 2013 in M ECS (http://www.mecs-press.org/)

DOI: 10.5815/ ijieeb.2013.02.08

Function

Said Brou mi

Facu lt y o f A rts an d Hu man it ies, Hay El Baraka Ben M's ik Casab lanca B.P. 7951, HassanII Un ivers ity

Moh ammed ia-Casab lanca, Mo ro cco

1

broumisaid78@g mail.co m

Florentin Smarandache

Depart ment of Mathemat ics, University of New Mexico, 705 Gurley Avenue, Gallup, NM 87301, USA

fsmarandache@gmail.co m

Mamoni Dhar

Depart ment of Mathemat ics, Science College, Kokrajhar-783370, Assam, India

mamon idhar@g mail.co m

AbstractIn this paper we study fuzzy soft mat rix discussed about the convergence of powers of fuzzy

based on reference function.Firstly, we define some new matrix. In [15,16,17],some important results on determinant

operations such as fuzzy soft complement matrix and of a square fuzzy mat rices are discussed .Also,Ragab et

trace of fuzzy soft mat rix based on reference al. [18,19] presented some properties of the min-max

function.Then, we introduced some related properties, composition of fuzzy matrices. Later on, several studies

and some examp les are given. Lastly, we define a new and some applications of fuzzy matrices are defined in

[20,21].

fuzzy soft matrix decision method based on reference

function. In 2010,Cagmanet al [13] defined soft matrix wh ich is

representation of soft set, to make operations in

Index TermsSoft set, fuzzy soft set, fuzzy soft set theoretical studies in soft set more functional. Th is

based on reference function, fuzzy soft matrix based on representation has several advantages, its easy to store

reference function. and manipulate matrices and hence the soft sets

represented by them in a co mputer.

Recently severalresearch have been studied the

I. INTRODUCTION connection between soft set and soft matrices [ 13,14,22].

Later,Maji et al [9 ] introduced the theory of fuzzy soft

Fuzzy set theory was proposed by LotfiA.Zadeh [1] in

set and applied it to decision making problem. In 2011,

1965,where each element ( real valued ) [ 0, 1] had a

Yang and C.Ji[22],defined fuzzy soft matrix (FSM)

degree of membership defined on the universe of which is very useful in representing and computing the

discourse X, the theory has been found extensive

data involving fuzzy soft sets.

application in various field to handle uncertainty.

The concept of fuzzy set based on reference function

Therefore,several researches were conducted on the was first introduced by Baruah [23,24,25] in the following

generalization on the notions of fu zzy sets such as

manner - According to him, to define a fuzzy set, two

intuitionistic fuzzy set proposed by Atanassov [2,3],

functions namely fuzzy membership function and

interval valued fuzzy set [5 ]. In the literature we found fuzzy reference function are necessary. Fuzzy

many well known theories to describe uncertainty:

membership value is the difference between fuzzy

rough set theory [6]..etc, but all of these theories have

membership function and reference function. Fuzzy

their inherit difficulties as pointed by Molodtsov in his membership function and fuzzy membership value are

pioneer wo rk[7].The concept introduced by Molodtsov is

two different things. In [26, 27] M.Dhar applied this

called soft set theory which is set valued mapping.

concept to fuzzy square matrix and developed some

This new mathematical model is free fro m the interesting properties as determinant, trace and so on.

difficult ies mentioned above.Since its introduction, the

Thereafter, in [28], T.J.Neog, D. K.Sutwere extended this

concept of soft set has gained considerable attention and

new concept to soft set theory, introducing a new

this concept has resulted in a series of wo rk [8, 9,10,11,12, 13, concept called fuzzy soft set based on fuzzy reference

14]

.

function. Recently,Neog . T.J, Sut D. K,M .Bora[29]

Also as we know, mat rices play an important ro le in

combinedfu zzy soft set based on reference function with

science and technology. However, the classical mat rix soft matrices. The paper unfolds as follows. The next

theory sometimes fails to solve the problems involving

section briefly introduces some definit ions related tosoft

uncertainties,occurring in an imprecise environ ment. In

[4] set,fuzzy soft set, and fuzzy soft setbased on reference

Thomason, introduced the fuzzy mat rices to represent function. Section 3 presents fuzzy soft complement

fuzzy relat ion in a system based on fuzzy set theory and

Copyright 2012 M ECS I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59

On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function 53

matrix based on reference function. Sect ion that this definition sometimes gives degenerate cases and

4presentstrace of fuzzy soft matrix based on reference revised the above definition as follows:

function..Section5presentsnew fuzzy soft mat rix theory

in decision making .Conclusions appear in the last 2.5 .Definition [29]

section. Let A (1 ,2 )={x,1 (x) , 2 (x) ; x U } and B (3 ,4 )

={x, 3 (x), 4 (x) ; x U } be two fuzzy sets defined

over the same universe U.

II. PRELIMINA RIES Then the operations intersection and union are defined

asA ( 1 , 2 ) B ( 3 , 4 )= {x,

In this section first we review some concepts and min(1 (x),3 (x)) ,max( 2 (x) ,4 (x)) ; x U } and A

definitions of soft set,fuzzy soft set, and fuzzy soft set ( 1 , 2 ) B ( 3 , 4 )= {x,

based on reference functionfrom [9,12,13,29], which will be max(1 (x) ,3 (x)) ,min( 2 (x),4 (x)) ; x U }

needed in the sequel.

Remark:

2.6.Definition [29]

For the sake of simplicity we adopt the following notation

of fuzzy soft set based on reference function defined in Let A ( 1 , 2 )={x, 1 () , 2 () ; x U } and B

our way as: Fuzzy soft set based on reference =(F, A) rf ( 3, 4 )={x, 3 () , 4 () ; x U } be two fuzzy sets

To make the difference between the notation (F, A) defined over the same universe U.To avoid degenerate

defined for classical soft set or its variants as fuzzy soft cases we assume that min( 1 () , 3 () )

set. max( 2 () , 4 ()) for all x U.

Then the operations intersection and union are defined

2.1.Definition (Soft Set [13]) as A ( 1 , 2 ) B ( 3 , 4 )= {x,

min(1 (x),3 (x)) ,max( 2 (x) ,4 (x)) ; x U } and A

Suppose that U is an initial universe set and E is a set

( 1 , 2 ) B ( 3 , 4 )= {x,

of parameters, let P(U) denotes the power set of U.A

max( 1 () , 3 ()) ,min( 2 () , 4 ()) ; x U }

pair(F,E) is called a soft set over U where F is a mapping

given by F: EP(U).Clearly, a soft set is a mapping from

2.7. Definition[29]

parameters to P(U),and it is not a set, but a parameterized

family of subsets of the universe. For usual fuzzy setsA (, 0)={x, (),0 ; x U }and

B (1, )={x, 1 , () ; x U } defined over the same

2.2. Example. universe U, we have A ( , 0 ) B (1, )= {x,

Suppose that U={s1,s2,s3,s4} is a set of students and min((), 1 ) ,max(0 ,()) ; x U }= {x, (), () ; x

E={e1,e2,e3} is a set of parameters, which stand for U }, which is nothing but the null set and A (, 0 )

result, conduct and sports performances respectively. B (1, )= {x, max((), 1) ,min( 0, ()) ; x U } =

Consider the mapping from parameters set E to the set of {x,1, 0 ; x U }, which is nothing but the universal set U.

all subsets of power set U.Then soft set (F,E) describes This means if we define a fuzzy set(A (, 0) ) ={x,

the character of the students with respect to the given 1, () ; x U } it is nothing but the complement

parameters, for finding the best student of an academic ofA (, 0)={x, () ,0 ; x U }.

year.

(F, E) = {{result = s1, s3, s4} {conduct = s1,s2 } 2.8. Definition[29]

{sports performances = s2,s3,s4 }} Let A ( 1, 2 )={x, 1 () , 2 () ; x U } and B

( 3, 4)={x, 3 () , 4 () ; x U } be two fuzzy sets

2.3. Definition (FuzzySoft Set [9, 12] ) defined over the same universe U.The fuzzy setA

Let U be an initial universe set and E be the set of ( 1, 2)is a subset of the fuzzy set B ( 3, 4)if for all x

parameters. Let AE .A pair (F,A) is called fuzzy soft set U , 1 () 3 () and 4 () 2 ().

over U where F is a mapping given by F: Two fuzzy setsC={x, ()x U }and D={x, ();

AF u ,whereF u denotes the collection of all fu zzy subsets x U } in the usual definition would be expressed

of U. asC( , 0)={x, () , 0; x U }and D ( , 0) ={x,

(),0; x U }

2.4.Example. Accordingly, we have C( , 0) D( , 0) if for all

Consider the example2.2,in soft set(F,E),if s1 is x U, () () , wh ich can be obtained by

mediu m in studies, we cannot expressed with only the putting 2 () = 4 ()=0 in the new definition.

two numbers 0 and 1,we can characterize it by a

membership function instead of the crisp number 0 and 2.9 .Defintion [29] (Fuzzy soft matrices (FSMs) based on

1,which associates with each element a real number in the reference function)

interval [0,1].Then fuzzy soft set can describe as Let U be an initial universe, E be the set of parameters

(F, A)={F(e1) = {(s1,0.9), (s2,0.3), (s3,0.8), (s4,0.9)}, and A E. Let ( , E) be fu zzy soft set (FS) over U.

F(e2) = {(s1,0.8), (s2,0.9), (s3,0.4), (s4,0.3)}},where Then a subset of U E is uniquely defined by = {(u,

A={ e1,e2}. e); e A, u ()} which is called a relation form of

In the following, Neog et al. [29] showed by an example ( , E).

Copyright 2012 M ECS I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59

54 On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function

Assume that U ={u1 ,u2 ,u3 ,u4 } is a universal setand all i and j .Th e op erat ion o f add it ion (+) b et ween A

E ={ e1 , e ,e3 ,e4 ,e5 } be the set of parameters and and B is d efined as A+ B =C ,where C= [ ] ,

A={e1 ,e2 ,e3 } E =(max ( 1 ( ) , 1 ( )), min ( 2 ( ) , 2 ( )) )

and

2.14. Example

(1 ) ={ 1(0.7 , 0) , 2 (0.1 , 0) , 3 (0.2 , 0) ,

4 (0.6 , 0) } Let U={1 ,2 ,3 ,4 } be the un iversal set and Eb e

(2 ) ={ 1(0.8 , 0) , 2 (0.6 , 0) , 3 (0.1 , 0) , the set of parameters g iven by E={ 1, 2 , 3 }

4 (0.5 , 0) } We cons ider th e fu zzy soft sets based on reference

(3 ) ={ 1(0.1 , 0) , 2 (0.2 , 0) , 3 (0.7 , 0) , funct ion.

4 (0.3 , 0) }

(F,E)={F( 1)={(1 ,0.3, 0) ),(2 ,0.5, 0), (3 , 0.6, 0),

Then the fuzzy soft set ( , E) is a parameterized (4 ,0.5,0)},F( 2 )={(1 ,0.7, 0) ),(2 ,0.9, 0), (3 , 0.7, 0),

family { (1 ) , (2 ) , (3 ) } of all fuzzy soft sets (4 ,0.8,0)},F( 3 )={(1 ,0.6, 0) ),(2 ,0.7, 0), (3 , 0.7, 0),

over U. Then the relation form of ( , E) is written as (4 ,0.3,0)}}.

TABLE 1.The relation form of ( , E) (G,E)={G( 1)={(1 ,0.8, 0) ),(2 ,0.7, 0), (3 , 0.5, 0),

e1 e2 e3 e4 (4 ,0.4,0)}, G( 2 )={(1 ,0.9, 0) ),(2 ,0.9, 0), (3 , 0.8,

u1 (0.7, 0) (0.8, 0) (0.1, 0) (0, 0) 0), ( 4 ,0.7,0)},G( 3 )={( 1 ,0.5, 0) ),( 2 ,0.9, 0), ( 3 ,

u2 (0.1, 0) (0.6, 0) (0.2, 0) (0, 0) 0.6, 0), (4 ,0.8,0)}}.

u3 (0.2, 0) (0.1, 0) (0.7, 0) (0, 0)

u4 (0.6, 0) (0.5, 0) (0.3, 0) (0, 0) The fu zzy soft mat rices based on reference

funct ion rep resenting these t wo fu zzy soft sets are

Hence,the fuzzy soft matrix representing this fuzzy respect ively

soft set would be represented as

(. , )(. , )(. , ) (. , )(. ,)(. ,)

(. , )(. , )(. , ) (. , )(. ,)(. ,)

(. , )(. , )(. , )(, )

=(. , )(. , )(. , ),B =(. , )(. ,)(. ,)

A=

(. , )(. , )(. , )(, )

A

(. , )(. , )(. , )(, ) (. , )(. , )(. , ) (. , )(. ,)(. ,)

(. , )(. , )(. , )(, )

(. , )(. , )(. , )

2.11. Definition[29 ] HereA+B = (. , )(. , )(. , )

(. , )(. , )(. , )

We define the membership value matrix corresponding (. , )(. , )(. , )

to the matrix A as MV(A) =[ ( )] Where () =

1 ( )- 2 ( ) i= 1,2,3,,m and j =1,2,3..,n ,where

1 ( ) and 2 ( ) represent the fuzzy membership III. FUZZY SOFT COMPLEM ENT MATRIX

function and fuzzy reference function respectively of in BASED ON REFERENCE FUNCTION

the fuzzy set F( ).

In this section ,westart by introducing the notion of the

fuzzy soft complement matrix based on reference

2.12. Definition [29] function,and we prove some formal properties.

Let the fuzzy soft matrices corresponding to the fuzzy

soft sets (F,E), and (G,E) beA=[ aij ] FSM m n , 3.1. Definition

B=[ bij ]where aij = ( j1 (ci ) , j2 (ci ) ) and bij Let A= (aij , 0) FSM m n according to the

m n

=( j1 (ci ) , j2 (ci ) ),i =1,2,3,, m ;j =1,2,3,,n ;Then c

definition in [26], then A is calledfuzzy soft complement

Aand Bare called fuzzy soft equal matrices denoted matrix if Ac = (1 , aij ) for all aij [0 , 1].

byA=B, if 1 ( ) = 1 ( ) and 1 ( ) = 1 ( ) for all m n

i,j.

3.2 .Example

In [13], the add it ion (+) op eration bet ween t wo

(0.7, 0)(0.8,0)

fu zzy soft mat rices is defined as fo llo ws Let A = ( be fuzzy soft matrix based on

0.1, 0)(0.6,0)

2.13. Definition [29] reference function, then the complement of this matrix is

(1, 0.7)(1, 0.8)

Let U={1 ,2 ,3 , . . , } be the un iversal set and = ( .

1, 0.1)(1, 0.6)

Ebe th e set of parameters g iven by

E={ 1,2 , 3 , . . , }.Let the set of all m n fu zzy 3.3. Proposition

soft matrices ov er U b e FSM . Let A, B be two fuzzy soft matrix based on fuzzy

Let A , B FSM m n ,where A= [ ] , = reference function .Then

( 1 ( ) , 2 ( ) ) and B= [ ] ,

=( 1 ( ) , 2 ( )).To avoid degenerate cases we assume (i)( ) = ( ) (1)

Copyright 2012 M ECS I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59

On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function 55

trA= (max ,min )

Proof:

To show (i) and

( ) = ( ) trB= (max ,min )

A= [( 1 ( ) , 2 ( )] A+B= C where C=[ ]

= [1 , 1 ( )]

( ) = [1 , 1 ( )] Following the defin it ion o f add it ion of t wo fu zzy soft

For = [( 1 ( ) , 2 ( )], mat rices, we hav e

= (max( , ),min( , ))

we have

( ) = [1 , 1 ( )] According to definition 4.1 the trace of fuzzy soft

Hen ce ( ) = ( ) matrixbased on reference function would be:

The proof of (ii) follows similar lines as above.

= [ max {max( ) ,max( )} , min {min( ), min( )}]

3.4. Example = trA+trB,

Conversely,

Let A=(. ,)(. ,)

, B=

(. , )(. , )

(. ,)(. ,) (. , )(. , ) trA+trB = [ max {max( ) ,max( )} , min {(min( ),

min( ))}]

=(, . )(, . )

(, . )(, . )

(, . )(, . )

, =

(, . )(, . )

= [ max {max( , ), min (min( , )}]

=tr(A+B)

( ) =(1, 0.2)(1,0.1)

(1, 0.3)(1,0.4)

, ( ) =

(1, 0.5)(1, 0.6)

(1, 0.4)(1, 0.2)

, ( ) +( ) = hence the resulttrA+trB =tr(A+B)

(, . )(, . )

(, . )(, . )

4.3. Example:

(, . )(, . ) (, . )(, . )

+ =

(, . )(, . )

, ( + ) =

(, . )(, . )

Let us consider the following two fuzzy soft matrices

A and Bbased on reference function for illustration

Then purposes

( + ) = ( ) +( ).

(. , )(. , )(. , ) (, )(. ,)( . ,)

A =(. , )(. , )(. , )andB= ( . ,)(. , )(. , )

(. , )(. , )(. , ) (. , )(, )( . ,)

REFERENCE FUNCTION The addition of two soft matrices would be:

square matrix proposed M. Dhar[26] to fuzzy soft square A+B = (. , )(. , )(. , )

(. , )(, )(. , )

matrix based on reference function, and we prove some

formal properties. Using the defin it ion of trace of fu zzy soft matrices,

we see the following results:

4.1. Definition

Let A be a square matrix. Then the trace ofthe matrix A is tr A = { max(0.3, 0.5, 0.4), min (0, 0, 0)}=(0.5 , 0)

denoted by tr A and is defined as: tr B = { max(1, 0.5, 0.8), min (0, 0, 0)}=(1 , 0)

where ii stands for the membership functions lying trA+trB = { max(1, 0.5, 0.8) , min (0, 0, 0)}=(1 , 0)

along the principal diagonal and rii refers to the reference

function of the corresponding membership functions. And

tr (A+B) = { max(1, 0.5, 0.8) , min (0, 0, 0)}= (1, 0)

4.2. Proposition

Let A and B be t wo fu zzy softsquare matrices each of Hence the result

order n. trA+trB =tr(A+B)

Then

tr (A+B) =t rA+ trB (4) 4.4.Proposition

Let A = [ , ] FSM be fuzzy soft squarematrix

proof. of order n, if is a scalar such that 0 1 . Then

We h ave fro m th e p roposed defin it ion o f trace o f

Copyright 2012 M ECS I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59

56 On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function

tr( A)= tr(A) (5) soft matrices based on reference function, we have.

(, . )(, . )(, . )

proof. + = (, . )(, . )(, . )

to prove (, . )(, . )(, . )

tr( A) = trA0 1

we have tr ( + ) ={max(1,1,1),min (0.3, 0.5, 0.4)}

tr( A) ={ max( ), min ( )} = (1, 0.3)

={ max( ), min( )}

= tr (A)

V. NEW FUZZY SOFT MATRIX THEORY IN

4.5. Example DECISION MAKING

(. , )(. , )(. , )

Let A = (. , )(. , )(. , )and =0.5 In th is section we adopted the defin it ion o f fu zzy

(. , )(. , )(. , ) soft mat rix decis ion method p roposed by P.

Rajarajes wari,P. Dh analaks h mi in [30] to the case of

Then fu zzy soft mat rix based on referen ce funct ion in o rder

to define a new fu zzy soft mat rix decis ion method

(. ,)(. , )(. , )

A = (. ,)(. , )(. , ) based on reference funct ion .

(. ,)(. , )(. , )

tr( A) = { max(0.15, 0.25, 0.20), min ( (0, 0, 0)}

= (0.25,0) Let A =[ a ij , 0 ] [ FSM ] m n .Then we defin e the

Again value mat rix of fu zzy soft matrix A based on

tr A=(0.5,0) reference funct ion as V(A )=[ a ij ] =[ a ij - r ij ], i=1,

and hence 2, ,.,m , j= 1,2,3,, n, where r ij = [ 0] m n .

tr( A) =0.5 (0.5, 0) = (0.25,0)

5.2. Definition:(Score Matrix)

4.6. Proposition: If A =[ a ij ] FSM,B=[ bij ] [ FSM ] m n .Th en we

Let A =[ , ] FSM be fuzzy soft square define sco re matrix of A and B as :

matrices each of order n .

Then s A ,B =[dij ]mxn where [dij ]=V(A )-V(B)

trA=tr( ),where is the transpose of A

5.3. Definition:(Total Score)

4.7.Example If A =[ a ij , 0 ] [ FSM ] m n ,B=[ bij , 0 ]

(. , )(. , )(. , )

Let =(. , )(. , )(. , ) [ FSM ] m n .Let the correspond ing valu e mat rices be

(. , )(. , )(. , )

V(A ),V(B) and their score matrix is s A,B =[dij ] mxn then

Then we define total score fo r each ci in U as s i = nj=1 dij .

tr( )= { max(0.3, 0.5, 0.4) , min (0, 0, 0)}

Methodology and algorith m

=(0.5, 0)

Assume th at there is a set of

HencetrA=tr( )

candid ates( p rog rammer), U={c1 , c2 , ,,cn } is a set

of cand idates to be recru ited by soft ware

The same result will hold if we consider the complements

develop ment org anizat ion in p rogrammer post.Let E

of fuzzy soft square matrices.

is a set of paramet ers related to innovat ive att itude o f

( , .)( ,. )(, . ) the prog rammer. We construct fu zzy soft set

= ( , .)( ,. )(, . ) (F,E)over U rep resent the select ion o f cand idate by

( , .)( ,. )(, . )

field expert X,where F is a mapp ing F:E F u ,F u is

tr ={max (1, 1, 1), min (0.3, 0.5, 0.4)}=(1, 0.3) the collection o f all fu zzy subsets of U. We further

construct another fu zzy soft set (G,E)over Urepresent

If we consider another fuzzy soft matriceB:

the select ion o f cand idat e by field expert Y,where G

( , )(. , )(. ,) is a mapp ing G:E , is the co llection of all

B = (. ,)(. ,)( . ,) fu zzy subsets of U.The mat ricesA and B

( . ,)( , )(. ,)

corresponding to the fu zzy softsets (F,E) and (G,E)

(, )(, . )(, . ) are constructed,we co mpute the co mp lementsand

= (, . )(, . )(, .) theirmatrices and corresponding to (F, E)

(, .)(, )(, . )

and (G, E) respectively . Co mpute A +B wh ich is

Then the trace of will be the following: themaxi mu m memb ersh ip o f select ion of cand idat es

tr( )={max(1,1,1),min (1, 0.5, 0.8)}=(1, 0.5) by the judges. Co mpute + wh ich is the

maxi mu m membership o f non selection o f cand idat es

Following the definition 2.13 of addition of two fuzzy by the judges. us ingdef (5.1) ,Co mpute

V(A +B),V( + ) (( + ),( + )) and the total

Copyright 2012 M ECS I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59

On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function 57

max( ),then conclud e that the cand id ate has Then the add it ion mat rices are

selected by the judg es.If has mo re than on e v alu e (0.2, 0)(0.6, 0)(0.5, 0) (1, 0.1)(1, 0.6)(1, 0.5)

(0.6, 0)(0.5, 0)(0.8, 0) (1, 0.5)(1, 0.4)(1, 0.7)

the process is repeated by reassessing the parameters.

A+B= (0.2, 0)(0.6, 0)(0.7, 0) , + = (1, 0.1)(1, 0.5)(1, 0.6)

No w, us ing defin it ions 5-1, 5-2 and 5-3 we can (0.4, 0)(0.8, 0)(0.5, 0) (1, 0.3)(1, 0.7)(1, 0.5)

construct a fu zzy soft matrix decis ion making method

. . . . . .

algo rith m.

V(A +B) = . . . ,V( + ) = . . .

. . . . . .

Alg ori thm

Step1 :Input th e fu zzy soft set (F, E), (G,E) and obtain

the fu zzy soft mat rices A ,B correspond ing to Calcu late the score matrix and the total sco re for

select ion

(F,E) and (G, E) respectiv ely.

Step2 :W rite the fu zzy soft co mplement set . .

. . .

(F, E) c , (G, E) c and obtain the fu zzy soft = . . .

( (+ ),( + ))

mat rices Ac , B c corresponding to (F, E) c ,and . .

(G, E) c respect ively.

Step3 :Co mpute (A +B),(Ac +B c ), V(A +B),V( Ac +B c )

.

.

and s ((A +B),( A c + B c )) . Total score =

.

.

Step4 :Co mpute the total score S i for each ci in U.

Step5 :Find ci fo r wh ich max ( S i ) .

We see that the second candidate has the maximu m

Then we con clud e that the cand idate is selected

value and thus conclude that from both the experts

for the post.

opinion, candidate2 is selected for the post.

Incase max occurs for more than one v alu e, then

repeatthe pro cess by reassessing the parameters.

VI. CONCLUSIONS

Case S tudy

In ou r work, we hav e put fo rward so me new

Let (F,E) and (G,E) be t wo fu zzy so ft set based concepts such as co mp lement , t race o f fu zzy soft

on reference funct ion rep resenting the select ion o f mat rix based on reference fun ction . So me related

four cand idat es fro m the un iversal set U= {c1 ,c2 ,c3 ,c4 } properties have been established with examp le.

by the experts X,and Y.Let E = {e 1 , e 2 ,e 3 } be the set Finally an applicat ion of fu zzy soft mat rix based on

of parameters wh ich stand fo r intelligence,innovat ive reference funct ion in decis ion making p roblem is

and analysis . given . It s hoped that ou r work will enhance th is

study in fu zzy soft mat rix.

(F,E)={F( 1)={(1 ,0.1, 0) ),(2 ,0.5, 0), (3 , 0.1, 0),

(4 ,0.4,0)},F( 2 )={(1 ,0.6, 0) ),(2 ,0.4, 0), (3 , 0.5, 0),

(4 ,0.7,0)},F( 3 )={(1 ,0.5, 0) ),(2 ,0.7, 0), (3 , 0.6, 0), VII. ACKNOW LEDGM ENTS

(4 , 0.5, 0)}}.

The authors wou ld like to than k the anony mous

rev iewers fo r their carefu l read ing o f th is paper and

(G,E)={G( 1)={(1 ,0.2, 0) ),(2 ,0.6, 0), (3 , 0.2, 0),

for their help fu l co mments.

(4 ,0.3,0)}, G( 2 )={(1 ,0.6, 0) ),(2 ,0.5, 0), (3 , 0.6,

0), (4 ,0.8,0)}, ,G( 3 )={(1 ,0.5, 0) ),(2 ,0.8, 0), (3 ,

0.7, 0), (4 ,0.5,0)}}.

REFERENCES

These t wo fu zzy soft sets based on reference

[1] Zad eh Lo t fiAh med . Fu zzy Sets , In fo rmat ion

funct ion are rep resented by th e follo wing fu zzy soft

an d Co nt ro l, 8 (19 65), p p. 33 8-3 53.

mat rices based on referen ce funct ion respect ively

[2] Krass i mirA tan assov . Int u it ion ist ic fu zzy sets ,

( ., )(. , )(. , ) (. , . )(. , )(. , ) Fu zzy Sets an d Syst ems , 20, (19 86), pp .87- 96.

( ., )(. , )(. , ) ( . ,)( . ,)(. , )

[3] Krass i mirA tan assov . Int u it ion ist ic fu zzy sets ,

A= ( ., )(. , )(. , ) B= ( . ,)( . ,)(. , )

( ., )(. , )(. , ) ( . ,)( . ,)(. , ) Theo ry and A pp licat ions , Phys ica -Verlag ,

W y rzbu rg, 199 9.

[4] M ichael G. Tho mas on .Co nv erg en ce o f

Then, th e fu zzy soft co mp lement matricesbased on po wers o f a fu zzy mat rix, J. M ath A n al.A pp l.

reference funct ion are 57 (1 977), p p .476-4 80.

(, . )(, . )(, . ) (, .)(, .)(, .)

[5] I.Bu rhan Tu rks en. Int erv al v alu ed fu zzy s ets

(, . )(, . )(, . ) (, .)(, .)(, .)

bas ed on n o rmal fo rms . Fu zzy Sets and

=(, . )(, . )(, . ), =(, .)(, .)(, .)

(, . )(, . )(, . ) (, .)(, .)(, .)

Copyright 2012 M ECS I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59

58 On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function

[6] Zd zis lawPaw lak, Rou gh s ets , Int ern at ion al 618- 62 7.

Jo u rn al of In fo r mat io n and [23] Baru ah He mant a Ku mar. The Theo ry o f

Co mp ut erScien ces , 11 ( 198 2), pp .341- 35 6. Fu zzy Sets : Beliefs an d Realit ies ,

[7] M o lo dtso v D mit ri. So ft Set Th eo ry - First In ternat io nal Jou rnal o f En erg y , In fo rmat ion

Res u lt , Co mp u ters and M ath emat ics wit h an d Co mmu n icat io ns, Vo l. 2, Issu e 2, (20 11),

Ap p licat io ns, Vo l. 37 (19 99), pp . 19-3 1. pp . 1-2 2.

[8] Neog Trid ivJyo t i, Sut Dus man taKu mar. An [24] Baru ah He mant a Ku mar. To wards Fo r min g A

Ap p licat io n o f Fu zzy So ft Sets in Decis ion Field Of Fu zzy Sets , Internat io nal Jou rnal o f

M aking Prob le ms Us ing Fu zzy So ft M at rices , En ergy , In fo rmat ion and Co mmu n icat ions ,

In ternat io nal Jou rnal of M ath e mat ical Vo l. 2, Issue 1 (20 11), p p. 16-2 0.

A rch iv e, Vo l. 2(1 1), pp . 2258- 22 63. [25] Baru ah He mant a Ku mar. Fu zzy M e mb ersh ip

[9] M ajiPab it raKu mar, B is was Ran jit . and Ro y wit h respect to a Referen ce Fun ct io n , Jo u rn al

A kh ilRan jan . Fu zzy So ft Sets, Jo u rn al o f of t he Assam Scien ce Societ y , 40( 3)(19 99),

Fu zzy M ath e mat ics , Vo l. 9, n o .3 (20 01), pp . pp .65-73.

589- 60 2. [26] M a mon iDh ar. Rep res ent at ion o f Fu zzy

[10] M ajiPab it ra. Ku mar.an d Ro y A kh ilRan jan . M at rices Based on Referen ce Fun ct io n , I.J.

So ft Set Theo ry , Co mp ut ers an d M ath e mat ics In tellig ent Syst ems and

wit h A pp licat io ns 45 (2 00 3), pp . 555 56 2. Ap p licat io ns,02(2 01 3), p p.84- 90 , D OI:

[11] Pin akiM aju md ar, S. K. Sa mant a.Gen eralis ed 10.5 81 5/ ijis a.20 13.0 2.10.

fu zzy s o ft s ets, Co mpu ters an d M ath e mat ics [27] M a mon iDh ar.A Not e o n Det er min ant and

wit h A pp licat io ns, 59 (2 01 0), p p .142 5-14 32. Ad jo in t o f Fu zzy Sq uare M at ri x, I.J.

[12] Fen g Fen g, C. Li, Bi jan Davv az, In tellig ent Syste ms and Ap p licat ions ,

M uh ammad Irfan A li. So ft s ets co mb in ed 05(2 01 3), p p.58- 67 ,D OI:

wit h fu zzy setsand ro ugh s ets : a tent at iv e 10.5 81 5/ ijis a.20 13.0 5.07.

ap p ro ach, So ft Co mp ut in g 14 (20 10), [28] Neog Trid ivJyo t i,Sut Dus mant aKu mar. Fu zzy

pp .899 91 1. So ft Sets fro m a New Persp ect iv eInt . J Lat est

[13] Nai ma man , SerdarEn g ino lu . So ft mat ri x Tren ds Co mp ut ing , Vo l-2 No 3 ( 201 1) ,

theo ry and its d ecis io n makin g ,Jo u rn al pp .439-4 50.

Co mp ut ers & M ath e mat ics with Ap p licat ions , [29] Neog Trid ivJyo t i,Sut Dus mant aKu mar,M .

Vo lu me 5 9 Iss ue10 (2 01 0), pp . 3308- 33 14. Bo ra.o n Fu zzy So ft M at ri x Theo ry ,

[14] S. Rub an Raj, M . Saradh a.Pro pert ies o f In ternat io nal Jou rnal of M ath e mat ical

Fu zzy So ft Set, Internat io nal Jo u rn al fo r A rch iv e ISS N 2 229- 50 46,

Bas icScien ces an d So cial Scien ces (IJBSS), 3(2)v (20 12),p p .491-5 00.

ISSN :23 19- 29 68, 2( 1) (20 13), pp .11 2-11 8. [30] P. Rajarajes wari, P. Dh an alaks h mi,

[15] Jin Bai Ki m, A . Baart mans. Det ermin ant Int u it ion ist ic Fu zzy So ft M at ri x Theo ry A nd

Theo ry fo r Fu zzy Mat rices , Fu zzy Sets and Its A pp licat io n In Decis ion

Syste ms , 29( 19 89), pp .349- 35 6. M aking ,Internat io nal Jo u rn al o f En g ineering

[16] Jin Bai Ki m. Det ermin ant t heo ry fo r Fu zzy Res earch & Techn o lo gy (IJERT),

an d Bo o lean M at ices , ISSN :22 78- 01 81, Vo l. 2 Iss ue 4 ( 20 13),

Co ng ressus Nu meran t iu m pp .110 0-11 11.

Ut ilitus M ath e mat icaPub ,(19 78), p p.27 3-2 76.

[17] Ki Ho ng Ki m and Fred W . Ro ush .

Gen eralized fu zzy mat rices , Fu zzy Sets and Dr. FlorentinS marandacheis a

Syste ms , 4 (19 80), p p.29 3-3 15. Professor of Mathematics at the

[18] M .Z. Rag ab an d E. G. Ema m Th e d et ermin ant University of New Mexico in USA.

an d ad jo int o f a sq uare fu zzy mat ri x, Fu zzy He published over 75 books and

Sets and Syst ems , 61 ( 199 4), pp .297- 30 7. 200 articles and notes in

[19] M .Z. Rag ab and E. G. Ema m, On t h e min - mathematics, physics, philosophy,

ma x co mp os it ion o f fu zzy mat rices , Fu zzy psychology, rebus, literature. In

Sets and Syste ms, 75 (1 99 5), pp .83-9 2. mathematics his research is in

[20] Hiros h i Hash i mo to . Co n vergen ce o f p o wers number theory, non-Euclidean geomet ry, synthetic

of a fu zzy t rans it iv e mat ri x, Fu zzy Sets and geometry, algebraic structures, statistics, neutrosophic

Syste ms , 9 (19 83), p p.15 3-1 60. logic and set (generalizations of fuzzy logic and set

[21] Jin Bai K i m.In vers es o f Boo lean M at rices , respectively), neutrosophic probability (generalizat ion

Bu ll.Inst .Math .Acod , Science 12 (2)(19 84), of classical and imp recise probability).A lso, small

125- 1 contributions to nuclear and particle physics,

[22] Yo u n g Yang , Ch en li Ji. Fu zzy So ft M at rices informat ion fusion, neutrosophy (a generalization of

an d th eir A pp licat io ns, A rt ificial Int elligence dialectics), law of sensations and stimu li, etc. He got the

an d Co mp ut at ion al Int elligenceLectu re No tes 2010 Telesio-Galilei Academy of Science Go ld Medal,

Copyright 2012 M ECS I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59

On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function 59

of Beijing Jiaotong University in 2011, and 2011

Ro manian Academy Award for Technical Science (the

highest in the country). Dr. W. B. VasanthaKandasamy

and Dr.Flo rentinSmarandache got the 2012 and 2011

New Mexico-Arizona Book Award for A lgebraic

Structures.

of Hassan II university

Mohammedia- Casablanca. He

worked in University for five

years. He received his M.Sc in

Industrial Automatic fro m Hassan

II University Ainchok- Casablanca.

His research concentrates on soft

set theory, fuzzy theory, intuition istic fuzzy

theory ,neutrosophic theory, control systems.

Professor in the department of

Mathematics, Science College,

Kokrajhar, Assam, India. She

received M.Sc degree fro m

Gauhati University, M.Ph il

degree from Madurai Kamraj

University, B.Ed fro m Gauhati

University and PGDIM fro m India Gandhi National

Open University. Her research interest is in Fuzzy

Mathematics. She has published eighteen articles in

different national and international journals .

Copyright 2012 M ECS I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59

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