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EVENTS UNIT EXTENSION

DENTAL AND ORAL HYGIENE

Highlights: Dental and Oral Health


Goal: Schoolgirl Elementary School Students sriwulan 2
Day / Date: Saturday, 12 March 2016
Place: Elementary School sriwulan 2
Time: 30 minutes

A. OBJECTIVES
1. General Instructional Objectives (TIU)
After being given counseling for 30 minutes, participants are expected to understand the
extension of Dental and Oral Health.

2. Purpose Special Intruksional (ICT)


After the extension of Dental and Oral Health, participants are expected to be able to:
a) Explain what oral health care.
b) Explain the two functions of the teeth and the benefits of brushing your teeth.
c) Mention three signs and symptoms of tooth decay.
d) Mention 2 of 4 causes of tooth decay correctly.
e) Describe 3 of 5 ways dental care and oral appropriately.
f) Demonstrate how to brush their teeth properly.

B. MATERIAL
In education, the material presented is:
1. Definition of dental and oral health.
2. Functions of the teeth and the benefits of brushing your teeth.
3. Signs and symptoms of tooth decay.
4. The causes of tooth decay.
5. How to dental care and proper oral.
6. Measures to brush their teeth.

C. STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION
1. Method: Lecture, FAQ and demonstration
2. Media: Leaflets and Power Point
3. Tools: Tools used in Dental and Oral Health Education are LCD, Laptop, Screen, Microphone,
Tables, Chairs, Toothbrush, Toothpaste and cup / glass plastic
4. Goal: Students and Elementary School Students Sriwulan 2
5. Time and Place: Jam 08.OO pm, 12th MARCH 2016 SD Negeri Sriwulan 2
6. Material: Enclosed
D. IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS

NO Activity PARTICIPANT TIME


RESPONSE
EXTENSION
1. preliminary a.replying greetings 5 minutes
a) Submission of greeting b. pay attention
b) Introduction c.pay attention
c) Explain the counseling d.pay attention
topics e.pay attention
d) Describe the purpose
e) Describe the
implementation
2. Submission of materials 1.Taking into account the 20 minutes
1. material explanations and look at
a. Definition of oral health. the material
b. Dental function and 2. Ask / no response
benefits of brushing your 3. pay attention
teeth. answers
c. Signs and symptoms of
tooth decay.
d. The cause of tooth
decay.
e. How to dental care and
proper oral.
f. Steps to brush their
teeth.
2. Provide an opportunity
to ask
3. Answering the questions
of participants
3. Cover a) Noting 5 minutes
a) Summing up results of b) Answering greetings
counseling
b) Ending with regards
E. SOURCES
http://dhewi-hany.blogspot.com/ AWARENESS EVENTS UNIT (SAP)
http://detra18.blogspot.com/ Community Nursing I (Unit Extension Events (SAP)
Examples http://niamts.blogspot.com/ Events Unit Extension
http://akperku.blogspot.com/2011/11/sap-perawatan-gigi-satuan-acara.html

DENTAL HEALTH AWARENESS MATERIALS AND MOUTH

A. UNDERSTANDING DENTAL HEALTH AND MOUTH


Oral health education is one way to improve oral health in children. Oral health education is an
educational process that arise on the basis of oral health needs that aims to produce healthy teeth
and good oral and improve living standards.
Health is an important part of human life, both physically and spiritually healthy. No exception
of children, every parent wants their children can grow and develop optimally, this can be
achieved if their bodies healthy. Oral health is a state where the teeth and mouth are in a
condition free from bad breath, gums and teeth strength was good, the absence of plaque and
tartar, teeth in a state of white and clean, and has good strength
To achieve oral health is optimal, then it should do regular maintenance. Treatment can be started
from attention to diet, not too much food that contains sugar and is sticky foods. The removal of
plaque and food debris left by brushing, techniques and how not to damage the structure of the
teeth and gums. Cleaning tartar and cavities fillings by dentists and dental extractions already
untenable. Regular visits to the dentist should be done regularly every six months or so good no
complaints or no complaints .. With the proper treatment to the teeth, it will be able to avoid
various dental and gum problems such as cavities and tartar and bad breath problem.

B. FUNCTIONS AND BENEFITS OF RUBBING DENTAL DENTAL


1. Function Dental
Histologically, the teeth and oral tissues derived from mesoderm and ectoderm, which has three
main functions, namely,
Mastication (mastication) covering, cutting, tearing and crushing.
The beauty (aesthetics)
Speaking (phonetic).
-macam Kinds of gear and their functions
Dental Series (incisors)
This tooth was situated at the front, and serves to cut food (mastication). There are eight in
number, with the division four are in the upper jaw and 4 are in the lower jaw. Milk incisors
begin to grow in infants aged 4-6 months, then be replaced by permanent incisors at the age of 5-
6 years on the lower jaw, and at the age of 7-8 years in the upper jaw.
Teeth Fangs (Caninus)
Gear position is located at the corner of the mouth, next to the incisors, and is the longest teeth in
the oral cavity. Its function is to tear food. The amount is 4, the second division in each jaw, one
on left and one on the right. These canines milk teeth replaced by permanent canines teeth at the
age of 11-13 years.
Dental Small Molars (Premolar)
This tooth number 8, with the division of four in each jaw, two on the left and two on the right.
These teeth are only in adult teeth, and to be located behind the canines. Growing at an age of
10-11 years and replaces the position of milk molar teeth. Together molar tooth, this tooth serves
to crush the food.
Dental Molars (Molar)
Milk molar teeth were 8 such premolars, then separated at the age of 10-11 years and replaced by
premolars. While the permanent molar teeth growing behind the premolars after milk molar teeth
loose and replaced by premolars. Number of permanent molar teeth is 12, with the division of 6
in each jaw, three on each side of the right and left. Permanent molar teeth is most often hollow
and cause complaints.
2. Benefit Brushing Teeth
To keep the teeth clean.
To increase confidence because it has white teeth, clean, and healthy smile.
To prevent oral disease.
Able to work well.

C. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS PERFORATED TEETH

1. Signs cavities
Signs began to hollow gear is started with the emergence of chalky white plaque on the tooth
surface. Furthermore, the color will change to brown, then began to form a hole. Opaque brown
spots indicate demineralization process is currently active. Therefore, it is necessary for routine
screening for early detection of cavities.

2. Symptoms of cavities
If damage has reached the dentin (dentin is the principal form of teeth that protects the tooth root
area), usually complain of pain or soreness arising after eating or drinking sweet, sour, hot or
cold. Symptoms cavities generally, are toothaches, teeth become sensitive after eating or
drinking sweet, sour, hot, or cold. Look or feel of the holes in the teeth, pus around the teeth,
pain when biting and bad breath (Halitosis).

D. CAUSE DAMAGE TEETH


There are four main things that cause tooth decay, namely:
1. There are certain diseases and disorders of the teeth can increase the risk factor for caries.
Amelogenesis imperfecta, can occur in 1 out of 718 up to 14,000 people. In addition, there is a
disease where the enamel is not fully formed. Dentinogenesis imperfecta is imperfect dentin
formation. In most cases, this disorder is not the main cause of caries.
2. Anatomy of the teeth also affect the formation of caries. Cracks or grooves in the teeth may be
the location of the development of caries. Caries are common in places that are often tucked
away leftovers.
3. The mouth is home to a lot of bacteria, but only a few bacteria that cause caries, namely
Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacilli. Especially for root caries, bacteria often found are
Lactobacillus acidophilus, Actinomyces viscosus, Nocardia spp, and Streptococcus mutans.
4. The frequency of teeth exposed to the environment that could affect the development of caries
cariogenic. Once someone is eating foods containing sugar, the bacteria in the mouth can
metabolize sugars into acid and lowering the pH. PH can be normal because neutralized by saliva
and the process has previously been dissolving tooth mineral.
In addition to the four factors above, there are other factors that can increase caries, namely:
1. Saliva can be a balancing the acidic environment in the mouth. There are circumstances where
impaired saliva production, such as diabetes mellitus.

2. Medications such as antihistamines and antidepressants can affect the production of saliva.
Radiation therapy to the head and neck can damage cells in the salivary glands.

3. Tobacco use can also increase the risk of caries. Tobacco is a significant factor in the disease
periodontists, as can shrink gums. With gums recede, the tooth surface will open. Cementum on
the roots of the teeth are more prone to demineralization.

4. milk bottle caries is a pattern of holes were found in children on milk teeth. Teeth are often
affected are the front teeth in the upper jaw, but all of the teeth can be affected as well. Often
appears in children who sleep with sweet water (eg milk) with a bottle. Often caused by frequent
feeding in children with a sweet liquid.
5. There is also rampant caries or caries that extends to all of the teeth. Type caries is often found
in patients with xerostomia, poor oral hygiene, consumer of sugar high, and methamphetamine
users because the drug makes the mouth dry. When severe caries is the result due to head and
neck radiation, this may be a radiation caries affected.
E. HOW TO DENTAL CARE AND MOUTH RIGHT

1. Do it the right way, choose a toothbrush with soft bristles and meetings. Then, apply the
correct way of brushing teeth, ie brushing from the gums to the teeth with the tip of repetitive
motion and not too loud.

2. Discipline, everything that is done on a regular basis will make a dramatic change. Diligent
brushing your teeth in the right way and at the right time ie at least twice a day, after breakfast
and before bed at night.

3. Limit sugary foods, foods that are sweet and sticky easily attached to the teeth if not cleaned
immediately will form plaques and eventually lead to tooth decay. Efforts to do is to brush your
teeth immediately after eating the meal.

4. Toothpaste selection with a blend of natural ingredients and scientifically, the selection of the
right toothpaste also helps maintain healthy teeth and mouth. Toothpaste that contains a blend of
natural materials (lime, salt and betel leaf) to oral health care for natural and scientific material
(calcium fluoride) as a maximum protection so that the teeth are not easily perforated.

5. Check your teeth regularly, keep your teeth and mouth with teeth and oral health check to the
dentist at least every six months with routine records.

F. STEPS RUBBING DENTAL CORRECTLY


The main lock is dental hygiene brushing teeth properly on a regular basis. Here is the correct
way of brushing teeth:
1. Place the brush at a 45 angle against the gums.
2. Perform a light brushing motion from right to left and vice versa.
3. Do the same on the inside and the outside of the tooth.
4. Brush the surface of the teeth that you use to chew.
5. Brush the inside of the front teeth vertically and light with movement up and down.
6. Brush at least twice a day and if possible after eating.
7. Brushing your teeth for at least three minutes.
8. Do not brush your teeth immediately after eating acidic foods or beverages. The combined
effect of the acid and brushing can erode tooth enamel.