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REFERENCIAS NORMATIVAS

A continuacin se relacionan normas que complementan y servir de referencia para la ejecucin de las actividades que contempla el Manual de Medicin de Hidrocarburos:

American National Standards Institute (ANSI):

ANSI B 9319 Mtodo para estratificacin de muestras de fluidos de lneas operadas hidrulicamente con fluidos de hidrocarburos.

American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM):

ASTM D288 Mtodo de prueba y muestreo para productos voltiles.


ASTM D95 Pruebas para determinar agua en crudo y productos de petrleo por el mtodo de destilacin.
ASTM D923 Mtodo de muestreo de lquidos para aislamiento elctrico.
ASTM D1250 Gua estndar para el uso de las Tablas de Medicin de Petrleo.
ASTM D1265 Prctica para el muestreo manual de GLP.
ASTM D4057 Muestreo manual de crudo y productos de petrleo.
ASTM D4177 Muestreo automtico de crudo y productos del petrleo.
ASTM D4306 Prcticas para muestreo de combustible de aviacin y analizar el contenido de contaminacin.
ASTM D 4377 Determinacin de contenido de agua para hidrocarburos por el mtodo de Karl Fischer de Valoracin Potencio-mtrica.
ASTM D4928 Mtodo para determinacin del contenido de agua por el mtodo Karl Fischer de Valoracin Voltamtrica (concordante captulo 10.9 del API MPMS)
ASTM D5190 Mtodo de pruebas estndar para obtener automticamente la presin de vapor en petrleo.

Gas Processors Association (GPA):

GPA 2166 Obtencin de Muestras de Gas Natural para Anlisis de Cromatografa de Gases.
GPA 2172-09 Clculo del Valor Calorfico Bruto, Densidad Relativa, Compresibilidad y Contenido Terico de Hidrocarburo Lquido para Mezclas de Gas Natural en Transf

GPA TP-15 MPMS Captulo 11, Datos de Propiedades Fsicas, Seccin 2, Parte 5, Correlaciones Simplificadas de Presin de Vapor para GNL Comercial.
GPA TP-27 Correccin Volumtrica por Temperatura para GLN y GLP Tablas 23E, 24E, 53E, 54E, 59E y 60E

American Petroleum Institute (API):

API RP 2026 Zona critica en los techos flotantes en tanques de almacenamiento de petrleo.
API RP 2556 Tablas de correccin por incrustaciones.
API STD 650 Construccin de tanques para almacenamiento de hidrocarburos soldado.
API STD 653 Inspeccin, reparacin, y reconstruccin de tanques.
API STD 2551 Medicin y calibracin de tanques cilndricos horizontales.
API STD 2552 Medicin y calibracin de esferas y esferoides.
API STD 2554 Medicin y calibracin de carro-tanques.
API STD 2555 Calibracin liquida de tanquesStandard 2560 Reconciliation of Liquid Pipeline Quantities

API MPMS (Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards):


Chapter 1 Vocabulary

Chapter 2 Tank Calibration


o Chapter 2.2A Measurement and Calibration of Upright Cylindrical Tanks by the Manual Tank Strapping Method.
o Chapter 2.2B Calibration of Upright Cylindrical Tanks Using the Optical Reference Line Method.
o Chapter 2.2C Calibration of Upright Cylindrical Tanks Using the Optical-Triangulation Method.
o Chapter 2.2D Calibration of Upright Cylindrical Tanks Using the Internal Electro Optical Distance Ranging Method.
o Chapter 2.2E Calibration of Horizontal Cylindrical Tanks - Part 1: Manual Methods
o Chapter 2.2F Calibration of Horizontal Cylindrical Tanks - Part 2: Internal Electro-optical Distance ranging Method
o Chapter 2.7 Calibration of Barge Tanks.
o Chapter 2.8A Calibration of Tanks on Ships and Oceangoing Barges.
o Chapter 2.8B Recommended Practice for the Establishment of the Location of the Reference Gauge Point and the Gauge Height of Tanks on Marine Tank Vessels.

Chapter 3 Tank Gauging


o Chapter 3.1A Standard Practice for the Manual Gauging of Petroleum and Petroleum Products.
o Chapter 3.1B. Standard Practice for Level Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons in Stationary Tanks by Automatic Tank Gauging.
o Chapter 3.2 Standard Practice for Gauging Petroleum and Petroleum Products in Tank Cars.
o Chapter 3.3. Standard Practice for Level Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons in Stationary Pressurized Storage Tanks by Automatic Tank Gauging.
o Chapter 3.5. Standard Practice for Level Measurement of Light Hydrocarbon Liquids Onboard Marine Vessels by Automatic Tank Gauging.
o Chapter 3.6. Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons by Hybrid Tank Measurement Systems.

Chapter 4 Proving Systems


o Chapter 4.1 Introduction.
o Chapter 4.2 Displacement Provers.

Chapter 4.4 Tank Provers.


o Chapter 4.5 Master-Meter Provers.
o Chapter 4.6 Pulse Interpolation.
o Chapter Field Standard Test Measures.
4.7
o Chapter 4.8 Operation of Proving Systems.
o Chapter 4.9.1 Introduction to the Determination of the Volume of Displacement and Tank Provers
o Chapter 4.9.2 Determination of the Volume of Displacement and Volumetric Tank Provers by the Water-Draw Method of Calibration
o Chapter 4.9.3 Determination of the Volume of Displacement Provers by the Master Meter Method of Calibration.

Chapter 5 Metering
o Chapter 5.1 General Considerations for Measurement by Meters.
o Chapter 5.2 Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons by Displacement Meters.
o Chapter 5.3 Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons by Turbine Meters.
o Chapter 5.4 Accessory Equipment for Liquid meters.
o Chapter 5.5 Fidelity and Security of Flow Measurement Pulsed-Data Transmission Systems.
o Chapter 5.6 Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons by Coriolis Meters.
o Chapter 5.8 Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons by Ultrasonic Flow Meters Using Transit Time Technology.

Chapter 6 Metering Assemblies


o Chapter 6.1 Lease Automatic Custody Transfer (LACT) Systems.
o Chapter 6.2 Loading Rack Metering Systems.
o Chapter 6.4 Metering Systems for Aviation Fueling Facilities.
o Chapter 6.5 Metering Systems for Loading and Unloading Marine Bulk Carriers.
o Chapter 6.6 Pipeline Metering Systems.
o Chapter 6.7 Metering Viscous Hydrocarbons.
Chapter 7 Temperature Determination

Chapter 8 Sampling
o Chapter 8.1 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products.
o Chapter 8.2 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Liquid Petroleum and Petroleum Products.
o Chapter 8.3 Standard Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products.
o Chapter 8.4 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement.

Chapter 9 Density determination


o Chapter 9.1 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products.
o Chapter 9.2 Standard Test Method for Density, or Relative Density of Light Hydrocarbons by Pressure Hydrometer.
o Chapter 9.3 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Thermohydrometer Method.

Chapter 10 Sediment and Water


Chapter 10.1 Standard Test Method for Sediment in Crude Oils and Fuel Oils by the Extraction Method.
o Chapter 10.2 Determination of Water in Crude Oil by Distillation
o Chapter 10.3 Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Crude Oil by the Centrifuge Method (Laboratory Procedure).
o Chapter 10.5 Standard Test Method for Water in Petroleum Products and Bituminous Materials by Distillation
o Chapter 10.6 Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Fuel Oils by the Centrifuge Method (Laboratory Procedure)
o Chapter 10.7 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oils by Potentiometric Karl Fischer Titration
o Chapter 10.8 Standard Test Method for Sediment in Crude Oil by Membrane Filtration

Chapter 11 Physical Properties Data


o Chapter 11.1 Temperature and Pressure Volume Correction Factors for Generalized Crude Oils, Refined Products, and Lubricating Oils.
o Chapter 11.2.1 Compressibility Factors for Hydrocarbons: 0-90API Gravity Range.
o Chapter 11.2.2 Compressibility Factors for Hydrocarbons: 0,350-0,637 Relative Density (60F/60 F) and - 50 F to 140 F Metering Temperature.
o Chapter 11.2.2M Compressibility Factors for Hydrocarbons: 350 - 637 Kilograms per Cubic Meter Density (15 C) and 46 C to 60 C Metering Temperature
o Chapter 11.2.4 Temperature Correction for the Volume of NGL and LPG Tables 23E, 24E, 53E, 54E, 59E, 60E
o Chapter 11.3.2.1 Ethylene Density
o Chapter 11.3.3.2 Propylene Compressibility
o Chapter 11.4.1 Properties of Reference Materials. Part 1 - Density of Water and Water Volume Correction Factors for Calibration of Volumetric Provers.
o Chapter 11.5 Density/weight/volume intraconversion
o Chapter 11.5.1 Conversions of API Gravity at 60 F
o Chapter 11.5.2 Conversions for Relative Density (60/60 F)
o Chapter 11.5.3 Conversions for Absolute Density at 15 C

Chapter 12 Calculation of Petroleum Quantities.


o Chapter 12.1.1 Calculation of Static Petroleum Quantities Part 1 - Upright Cylindrical Tanks and Marine Vessels.
o Chapter 12.1.2 Calculation of Static Petroleum Quantities Part 2 - Calculation Procedures for Tank Cars.
o Chapter 12.2.1 Calculation of Petroleum Quantities Using Dynamic Measurement Methods and Volume Correction Factors Part 1 - Introduction.
o Chapter 12.2.2 Calculation of Petroleum Quantities Using Dynamic Measurement Methods and Volumetric Correction Factors Part 2 - Measurement Tickets.
o Chapter 12.2.3 Calculation of Petroleum Quantities Using Dynamic Measurement Methods and Volumetric Correction Factors Part 3 - Proving Reports
o Chapter 12.2.4 Calculation of Petroleum Quantities Using Dynamic Measurement Methods and Volumetric Correction Factors Part 4 - Calculation of Base Prover Volumes
o Chapter 12.2.5 Calculation of Petroleum Quantities Using Dynamic Measurement Methods and Volumetric Correction Factors Part 5 - Base Prover Volume Using Master M

o Chapter 12.3 Calculation of Volumetric Shrinkage from Blending Light Hydrocarbons with Crude Oil.
Chapter 13 Statistical Aspects of Measuring and Sampling
o Chapter 13.1 Statistical Concepts and Procedures in Measurement.
o Chapter 13.2 Statistical Methods of Evaluating Meter Proving Data.

Chapter 14 Natural Gas Fluids Measurement


o Chapter 14.1 Collecting and Handling of Natural Gas Samples for Custody Transfer
o Chapter 14.2 Compressibility Factors of Natural Gas and Other Related Hydrocarbon Gases (AGA Report No. 8) (GPA 8185-90)
o Chapter 14.3.1 Concentric, Square-edged Orifice Meters. Part 1 - General Equations and Uncertainty Guidelines.
o Chapter 14.3.2 Concentric, Square-Edged Orifice Meters. Part 2 - Specification and Installation Requirements.
o Chapter 14.3.3 Concentric, Square-Edged Orifice Meters. Part 3 - Natural Gas Applications.
o Chapter 14.4 Converting Mass of Natural Gas Liquids and Vapors to Equivalent Liquid Volumes (GPA-8173-91).
o Chapter 14.5 Calculation of Gross Heating Value, Specific Gravity, and Compressibility of Natural Gas Mixtures from Compositional Analysis.
o Chapter 14.6 Continuous Density Measurement.
o Chapter 14.7 Mass Measurement of Natural Gas Liquids (GPA 8182-95)
o Chapter 14.8 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Measurements.
o Chapter 14.9 Measurement of Natural Gas by Coriolis Meter (AGA Report No. 11, 2003)
o Chapter 14.10 Measurement of Flow to Flares

Chapter 15 Guidelines for Use of the International System of Units (SI) in the Petroleum and Allied Industries

Chapter 16 Measurement of Hydrocarbon Fluids by Weight or Mass.


o Chapter 16.2 Mass Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons in Vertical Cylindrical Storage Tanks By Hydrostatic Tank Gauging.

Chapter 17 Marine Measurement.


o Chapter 17.1 Guidelines for Marine Cargo Inspection.
o Chapter 17.2 Measurement of Cargoes On Board Tank Vessels.
o Chapter 17.3 Guidelines for Identification of the Source of Free Waters Associated With Marine Petroleum Cargo Movements.
o Chapter 17.4 Method for Quantification of Small Volumes on Marine Vessels (OBQ/ROB).
o Chapter 17.5 Guidelines for Cargo Analysis and Reconciliation.
o Chapter 17.6 Guidelines for Determining the Fullness of Pipelines Between Vessels and Shore Tanks.
o Chapter 17.7 Recommended Practices for Developing Barge Control Factors (Volume Ratio).
o Chapter 17.8 Guidelines for Pre-Loading Inspection of Marine Vessel Cargo Tanks.
o Chapter 17.9 Vessel Experience Factor (VEF).
o Chapter 17.10.2 Measurement of Refrigerated and/or Pressurized Cargo on Board Marine Gas Carriers.
o Chapter 17.12 Procedure for Bulk Liquid Chemical Cargo Inspection by Cargo Inspectors.
Chapter 18.1 Measurement Procedures for Crude Oil Gathered From Small Tanks by Truck.
Chapter 19 Evaporation Loss Measurement.
o Chapter 19.1 Evaporative Loss from Fixed-Roof Tanks.
o Chapter 19.1A Evaporation Loss From Low-pressure Tanks
o Chapter 19.2 Evaporative Loss from Floating-roof Tanks.

Chapter 20 Allocation Measurement of Oil and Gas


o Chapter 20.1 Allocation Measurement

Chapter 21 Flow Measurement Using Electronic Metering Systems.


o Chapter 21.1 Electronic Gas Measurement.
o Chapter 21.2 Flow Measurement-Electronic Liquid Measurement

Chapter 22.1 Testing Protocols-General Guidelines for Developing Testing Protocols for Devices Used in the Measurement of Hydrocarbon Fluids