Anda di halaman 1dari 88

PEMBEBANAN

A. BEBAN MATI
Contoh Umum

1. CONTOH BEBAN MATI AKIBAT PASANGAN DINDING BATA,PLETERAN DAN ACIAN 2 SI


Berat Dimensi
Material Sat
Jenis b (m) h (m)
Pas. Bata 1/2 Bata 250 kg/m 1 3.6
Plesteran+Acian (2 sisi) 21 kg/m 0.025 3.6
TOTA

2. CONTOH BEBAN MATI BERAT SENDIRI


Berat Dimensi
Material Sat
Jenis b (m) h (m)
Pelat Lantai 2400 kg/m 0.12
Balok 2400 kg/m 0.25 0.28

3. CONTOH BEBAN MATI PADA PELAT LANTAI


Berat Dimensi
Material Sat
Jenis b (m) h (m)
ME 50 kg/m
Plafond Eternit/gypsum 10 kg/m
Rangka Plafond 7 kg/m
Sreed / spesi 2100 kg/m 0.04
Pasir 1600 kg/m 0.02
Keramik 2100 kg/m 0.01
TOTA

4. CONTOH BEBAN MATI PADA PELAT ATAP


Dimensi
Material Berat Jenis Sat
b (m) h (m)
AIR 1000 kg/m 0.06
Plafond Eternit/gypsum 11 kg/m
Rangka Plafond 7 kg/m
Sreed / spesi 2100 kg/m 0.02
ASPAL 2100 kg/m 0.01
TOTA
B. BEBAN HIDUP
Contoh Umum
1. CONTOH BEBAN HIDUP PADA PELAT LANTAI
Dimensi
FUNGSI Berat Jenis Sat
b (m) h (m)
PERKANTORAN 250 kg/m
SEKOLAH 250 kg/m
HOTEL 250 kg/m
PERTOKOAN/RUKO 250 kg/m
RUMAH SAKIT 250 kg/m
TANGGA 300 kg/m

C. BEBAN ANGIN
KOMBINASI BEBAN

Contoh Kombinasi Beban Pada Pelat Lantai


TERAN DAN ACIAN 2 SISI 1. Qu = 1,2DL + 1,6LL
Dimensi
BERAT Sat
h (m) l (m) 2. Qu = 1,2DL + 1,6LL + SDL
3.6 1 900.0 kg/m'
3.6 1 3.8 kg/m'
TOTAL 903.8 kg/m'

Dimensi
BERAT Sat
h (m) l (m)
0.12 288.0 kg/m
0.28 168.0 kg/m'

Dimensi
BERAT Sat
h (m) l (m)
50.0 kg/m
10.0 kg/m
7.0 kg/m
0.04 84.0 kg/m
0.02 32.0 kg/m
0.01 21.0 kg/m
TOTAL 204.0 kg/m

Dimensi
BERAT Sat
h (m) l (m)
0.06 60.0 kg/m
11.0 kg/m
7.0 kg/m
0.02 42.0 kg/m
0.01 21.0 kg/m
TOTAL 141.0 kg/m
Dimensi
BERAT Sat
h (m) l (m)
250.0 kg/m
250.0 kg/m
250.0 kg/m
250.0 kg/m
250.0 kg/m
300.0 kg/m
Pada Pelat Lantai
= 644.8 kg/m =

Asumsi SDL = 100 kg/m


= 744.8 kg/m kg/m
BEBAN EKIVALEN

No Bentuk
1. SEGITIGA Contoh
Qu = 644.8
a a= 1
L= 4
L

2. TRAPESIUM Contoh
Qu = 644.8
a a= 1
L= 4
L

L= 6 M L=

a= 3 M

a= 3 M

a= 3 M

a= 3 M

BEBAN HEBEL = T= 10 CM
BEBAN PLESTERAN + ACIAN T= 3 CM 2 SISI

LT.1 H= 4.7 M = 8.98 kN/m


LT.2 H= 3.5 M = 6.69 kN/m
LT.3 H= 3.5 M = 6.69 kN/m

LT.4 H= 0.8 M = 1.53 kN/m


644.8 kg/m Qu_ekv = ( 2 x a x Qu ) / 3
1 m = 429.87 kg/m
4 m = 4.30 kN/m

644.8 kg/m Qu_ekv = ( a -(4a/3L)) x Qu


1 m = 591.07 kg/m
4 m = 5.91 kN/m

6 M L= 6 M
Lantai
SDL = 2.04
DL = 2.88
= 4.92
1,2 DL = 5.90

1,2DL + 1,6LL =

0,5a = 1.5 M

1/4 * L = 1.5 M

W= 65 kg/m2
W= 126 kg/m2
191 kg/m2
Untuk L = 1.5 m
w1 13.47 kN
w2 10.03 kN
w3 10.03 kN

w3 2.29 kN
0.125
1.375
13.62

Atap
kN/m2 LL = 2.5 kN/m2 SDL =
kN/m2 1,6 LL = 4.00 kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2 1,2 DL =

9.90 kN/m2
q ekvln = 13.62 kN/m
2.qekv = 27.24 kN/m 0,5a =

L= 6M
q ekvln = 9.90 kN/m
2.qekv = 19.81 kN/m 1/4 * L =

a= 3M 2.EKVL *A = 29.71 kN/m


SDL = 1.41 kN/m2 LL = 1 kN/m2
DL = 2.64 kN/m2 1,6 LL = 1.60 kN/m2
= 4.05 kN/m2
1,2 DL = 4.86 kN/m2

1,2DL + 1,6LL = 6.46 kN/m2


q ekvln = 8.88 kN/m
1.5 M 2.qekv = 17.77 kN/m

L= 6M
q ekvln = 6.46 kN/m
1/4 * L = 1.5 M 2.qekv = 12.92 kN/m

a= 3M 2.EKVL *A = 19.38 kN/m


Perancangan (Desain) Balok Persegi Bertulangan Tunggal (single reinforced)

Diberikan : b = 300 mm = 0.8


h = 500 mm fc' = 24.9
Mu = 150.00 kNm fy = 400
d = h- ds - TS - 0.5TU fys = 240
= 459 mm 1 = 0.85
d' = ds + TS + 0.5TU = 0.85-(0.008*(f'
41 mm = 0.65

Perancangan :

1. Mn = Mu/ 2. Rn = Mn / (b * d)
= 187.5 kNm = 2.9666

4. b = 0,85*fc' 600 5. maks


*1*
fy 600 + fy
= 0.026985

7. = 1 1- 2 m * Rn Note :
1-
m fy
= 0.008025

8. As = *b*d
= 1105.040 mm

9. Asumsikan tulangan yang dipakai : D = 16.00

Jumlah (n) = AS total / As tulangan


= 5.50 ~ DIGUNAKAN : 6 buah

10. Cek Jumlah Layer (nL) (Maksimum 2 Layer)

nL = 1 LAYER
TENTUKAN JUMLAH TULANGAN TIAP LAYER
LAYER 1 = 4 batang cek jarak antar tulangan
LAYER 2 = 3 batang cek jarak antar tulangan

Sehingga As terpasang = n*As


= 1206.37 mm
T = As * fy
= 482548.63 N

11. Tentukan Kapasitas Penampang


C=T Dimana : C = 0,85*fc'*a*b
T = As*fy
Sehingga : As*fy
a=
0,85*fc'*b
= 75.998 mm

12. Hitung tinggi d


0.8 Selimut Beton (ds) = 25 mm
24.9 Mpa Asumsi Sengkang (TS) = 8 mm
400 Mpa Asumsi Tul. Utama (TU) = 16 mm
240 Mpa
0.85 Untuk fc' 30 Mpa
0.85-(0.008*(f'c - 30) = 0.8908 Untuk 30 < fc' 55 Mpa
0.65 Untuk fc' > 55 Mpa

3. m = fy / 0,85*fc'
N/mm = 18.8991

= 0,75*b 6. min = 1,4/fy


= 0.020239 = 0.003500

min < < maks


0.003500 < 0.008025 < 0.020239
< maks OK
> min GUNAKAN p

Mnterpasang

16.00 mm As = 201.06192983 mm

Mnterpasang
Jlh celah (x') = 5.00 buah

OK
OK
Mnterpasang = T* (d - a/2)

= As * fy (d - a/2)

= 203.1535 kNm 8.35 % LEBIH BESAR DARI MOME

Mnterpasang > Mn OK
LEBIH BESAR DARI MOMEN NOMINAL
Perancangan (Desain) Balok Persegi Bertulangan Tunggal (single reinforced)

Diberikan : b = 300 mm = 0.8


h = 500 mm fc' = 24.9
Mu = 96.00 kNm fy = 400
d = h- ds - TS - 0.5TU fys = 240
= 454 mm 1 = 0.85
d' = ds + TS + 0.5TU = 0.85-(0.008*(f'
46 mm = 0.65

Perancangan :

1. Mn = Mu/ 2. Rn = Mn / (b * d)
= 120 kNm = 1.9407

4. b = 0,85*fc' 600 5. maks


*1*
fy 600 + fy
= 0.026985

7. = 1 1- 2 m * Rn Note :
1-
m fy
= 0.005097

8. As = *b*d
= 694.231 mm

9. Asumsikan tulangan yang dipakai : D = 16.00

Jumlah (n) = AS total / As tulangan


= 3.45 ~ DIGUNAKAN : 5 buah

10. Cek Jumlah Layer (nL) (Maksimum 2 Layer)

nL = 1 LAYER
TENTUKAN JUMLAH TULANGAN TIAP LAYER
LAYER 1 = 4 batang cek jarak antar tulangan
LAYER 2 = 3 batang cek jarak antar tulangan

Sehingga As terpasang = n*As


= 1005.31 mm
T = As * fy
= 402123.86 N

11. Tentukan Kapasitas Penampang


C=T Dimana : C = 0,85*fc'*a*b
T = As*fy
Sehingga : As*fy
a=
0,85*fc'*b
= 63.332 mm

12. Hitung tinggi d


0.8 Selimut Beton (ds) = 30 mm
24.9 Mpa Asumsi Sengkang (TS) = 8 mm
400 Mpa Asumsi Tul. Utama (TU) = 16 mm
240 Mpa
0.85 Untuk fc' 30 Mpa
0.85-(0.008*(f'c - 30) = 0.8908 Untuk 30 < fc' 55 Mpa
0.65 Untuk fc' > 55 Mpa

3. m = fy / 0,85*fc'
N/mm = 18.8991

= 0,75*b 6. min = 1,4/fy


= 0.020239 = 0.003500

min < < maks


0.003500 < 0.005097 < 0.020239
< maks OK
> min GUNAKAN p

Mnterpasang

16.00 mm As = 201.06192983 mm

Mnterpasang
Jlh celah (x') = 4.00 buah

OK
OK
Mnterpasang = T* (d - a/2)

= As * fy (d - a/2)

= 169.8307 kNm 41.53 % LEBIH BESAR DARI MOME

Mnterpasang > Mn OK
LEBIH BESAR DARI MOMEN NOMINAL
Perancangan (Desain) Balok Persegi Bertulangan Tunggal (single reinforced)

Diberikan : b = 250 mm =
h = 500 mm fc' =
Mu = 80.00 kNm fy =
d = h- ds - TS - 0.5TU fys =
= 459 mm 1 =
d' = ds + TS + 0.5TU =
41 mm =

Perancangan :

1. Mn = Mu/ 2. Rn = Mn / (b * d)
= 100 kNm = 1.8986

4. b = 0,85*fc' 600 5. maks


*1*
fy 600 + fy
= 0.026985

7. = 1 1- 2 m * Rn Note :
1-
m fy
= 0.004981

8. As = *b*d
= 571.565 mm

9. Asumsikan tulangan yang dipakai : D =

Jumlah (n) = AS total / As tulangan


= 2.84 ~ DIGUNAKAN : 5

10. Cek Jumlah Layer (nL) (Maksimum 2 Layer)

nL = 1 LAYER
TENTUKAN JUMLAH TULANGAN TIAP LAYER
LAYER 1 = 4 batang cek jarak antar tulangan
LAYER 2 = 3 batang cek jarak antar tulangan

Sehingga As terpasang = n*As


= 1005.31 mm
T = As * fy
= 402123.86 N
11. Tentukan Kapasitas Penampang
C=T Dimana : C = 0,85*fc'*a*b
T = As*fy
Sehingga : As*fy
a=
0,85*fc'*b
= 75.998 mm

12. Hitung tinggi d

Mnterpasang = T* (d - a/2)

= As * fy (d - a/2)
= 169.2946 kNm 69.29
Mnterpasang > Mn OK
0.8 Selimut Beton (ds) = 25
24.9 Mpa Asumsi Sengkang (TS) = 8
400 Mpa Asumsi Tul. Utama (TU) = 16
240 Mpa
0.85 Untuk fc' 30 Mpa
0.85-(0.008*(f'c - 30) = 0.8908 Untuk 30 < fc' 55 Mpa
0.65 Untuk fc' > 55 Mpa

) 3. m = fy / 0,85*fc'
1.8986 N/mm = 18.8991

= 0,75*b 6. min = 1,4/fy


= 0.020239 = 0.003500

min < < maks


0.003500 < 0.004981 < 0.020239
< maks OK
> min GUNAKAN p

16.00 mm As = 201.06192983 mm

buah Jlh celah (x') = 4.00 buah

OK
OK
69.29 % LEBIH BESAR DARI MOMEN NOMINAL
OK
mm
mm
mm
Perancangan (Desain) Balok Persegi Bertulangan Tunggal (single reinforced)

Diberikan : b = 250 mm =
h = 450 mm fc' =
Mu = 58.00 kNm fy =
d = h- ds - TS - 0.5TU fys =
= 409 mm 1 =
d' = ds + TS + 0.5TU =
41 mm =

Perancangan :

1. Mn = Mu/ 2. Rn = Mn / (b * d)
= 72.5 kNm = 1.7336

4. b = 0,85*fc' 600 5. maks


*1*
fy 600 + fy
= 0.026985

7. = 1 1- 2 m * Rn Note :
1-
m fy
= 0.004528

8. As = *b*d
= 462.962 mm

9. Asumsikan tulangan yang dipakai : D =


D =
Jumlah (n) = AS total / As tulangan
= 2.30 ~ DIGUNAKAN : 3

10. Cek Jumlah Layer (nL) (Maksimum 2 Layer)

nL = 1 LAYER
TENTUKAN JUMLAH TULANGAN TIAP LAYER
LAYER 1 = 4 batang cek jarak antar tulangan
LAYER 2 = 3 batang cek jarak antar tulangan

Sehingga As terpasang = n*As


= 603.19 mm
T = As * fy
= 241274.32 N
11. Tentukan Kapasitas Penampang
C=T Dimana : C = 0,85*fc'*a*b
T = As*fy
Sehingga : As*fy
a=
0,85*fc'*b
= 45.599 mm

12. Hitung tinggi d


0.8 Selimut Beton (ds) = 25
24.9 Mpa Asumsi Sengkang (TS) = 8
400 Mpa Asumsi Tul. Utama (TU) = 16
240 Mpa
0.85 Untuk fc' 30 Mpa
0.85-(0.008*(f'c - 30) = 0.8908 Untuk 30 < fc' 55 Mpa
0.65 Untuk fc' > 55 Mpa

) 3. m = fy / 0,85*fc'
1.7336 N/mm = 18.8991

= 0,75*b 6. min = 1,4/fy


= 0.020239 = 0.003500

min < < maks


0.003500 < 0.004528 < 0.020239
< maks OK
> min GUNAKAN p

16.00 mm As = 201.06192983 mm 3 16 = 603.19


13.00 mm As = 132.73228961 mm 4 13 = 530.93
1134.11
buah Jlh celah (x') = 2.00 buah

Mnterpasang = T* (d - a/2)
OK
= As * fy
OK
= 93.1803
Mnterpasang > Mn
mm
mm
mm

603.19
530.93
1134.11

- a/2)

(d - a/2)
93.1803 kNm 28.52 % LEBIH BESAR DARI MOMEN NOMINAL
Mn OK
PERHITUNGAN TULANGAN PELAT 2 ARAH BERDASARKAN KOE
WU = 896.8 KG/M2 Tplat = 120 mm = 12.0 cm
8.97 KN/M Asumsi Besi = 10.0 mm
Selimut Beton = 20.0 mm
Ly = 5.40 M dx = 95.0 mm
Lx = 4.25 M dy = 85.0 mm

Ly/Lx = 1.27

Jenis 1 1.100 1.2 1.271 1.4 1.500 1.6 1.8


41 54 67 79 87
41 35 31 28 26
1

25 29.50 34 28.18 42 29.50 49 53


25 23.50 22 23.94 18 23.50 15 15
2
51 57.00 63 55.24 72 57.00 78 81
51 52.50 54 52.06 55 52.50 54 54
30 41 52 61 67
30 27 23 22 20
68 84 97 106 113
3
68 74 77 77 77

24 36 49 63 74
33 33 32 29 27
4
69 85 97 105 110

33 40 47 52 55
24 20 18 17 17
5
69 76 80 82 83

31 45 58 71 81
39 37 34 30 27
6 91 102 108 111 113

39 47 57 64 70
31 25 23 21 20
7 91 98 107 113 118
7

25 36 47 57 64
28 27 23 20 18
8 54 72 88 100 108
60 69 74 76 76

28 37 45 50 54
25 21 19 18 17
9 60 70 76 80 82
54 55 55 54 53
ASARKAN KOEFISIEN MOMEN / TABEL CUR
Fy = 240.0 Mpa m= 13.445
F'c = 21.0 Mpa 1 = 0.850
Bal = 0.0452
maks = 0.0339

min = 0.0025 Utk Fy = 240.00


0.0018 Utk Fy = 400.00

2 2.5 3 Momen MU (kNm) Mn (kNm)

97 110 117 Mlx


25 24 23 Mly
Mtix
Mtiy
58 62 65 Mlx 4.56 5.71
15 14 14 Mly 3.88 4.85
82 83 83 Mtx 8.95 11.18
53 51 49 Mty 8.43 10.54
72 80 83 Mlx
19 19 19 Mly
117 122 124 Mtx
76 73 71 Mty
Mtix
Mtiy
85 103 113 Mlx
24 21 20 Mly
112 112 112 Mty
Mtix
58 62 65 Mlx
17 15 16 Mly
83 83 83 Mtx
Mtiy
91 106 115 Mlx
25 24 23 Mly
114 114 114 Mty
Mtix
Mtiy
75 81 84 Mlx
19 19 19 Mly
120 124 124 Mtx
Mtix
Mtiy
70 79 63 Mlx
17 16 16 Mly
114 121 124 Mtx
76 73 71 Mty
Mtix
58 62 65 Mlx
17 16 16 Mly
83 83 83 Mtx
53 51 49 Mty
Mtiy
m Rn min maks pakai As

13.445 0.6322 0.0025 0.0027 0.0339 0.0027 254.82


13.445 0.5371 0.0025 0.0023 0.0339 0.0025 237.50
13.445 1.2392 0.0025 0.0054 0.0339 0.0054 508.85
13.445 1.1680 0.0025 0.0050 0.0339 0.0050 478.52
Jlh Tul Jrk Tul

3.24 308.21
3.02 330.69
6.48 154.35
6.09 164.13
Perancangan (Desain) Balok Persegi Bertulangan Tunggal (single reinforced)

Diberikan : b = 400 mm = 0.8


h = 750 mm fc' = 24.9
Mu = 818.00 kNm fy = 390
d = h- ds - TS - 0.5TU fys = 240
= 694.5 mm 1 = 0.85
d' = ds + TS + 0.5TU = 0.85-(0.008*(f'
55.5 mm = 0.65

Perancangan :

1. Mn = Mu/ 2. Rn = Mn / (b * d)
= 1022.5 kNm = 5.2998

4. b = 0,85*fc' 600 5. maks


*1*
fy 600 + fy
= 0.029299

7. = 1 1- 2 m * Rn Note :
1-
m fy
= 0.015926

8. As = *b*d
= 4424.264 mm

9. Asumsikan tulangan yang dipakai : D = 25.00


D = 13.00
Jumlah (n) = AS total / As tulangan
= 9.01 ~ DIGUNAKAN : 12 buah

10. Cek Jumlah Layer (nL) (Maksimum 2 Layer)

nL = 2 LAYER
TENTUKAN JUMLAH TULANGAN TIAP LAYER
LAYER 1 = 4 batang cek jarak antar tulangan
LAYER 2 = 3 batang cek jarak antar tulangan

Sehingga As terpasang = n*As


= 5890.49 mm
T = As * fy
= 2297289.63 N

11. Tentukan Kapasitas Penampang


C=T Dimana : C = 0,85*fc'*a*b
T = As*fy
Sehingga : As*fy
a=
0,85*fc'*b
= 271.355 mm

12. Hitung tinggi d


0.8 Selimut Beton (ds) = 30 mm
24.9 Mpa Asumsi Sengkang (TS) = 13 mm
390 Mpa Asumsi Tul. Utama (TU) = 25 mm
240 Mpa
0.85 Untuk fc' 30 Mpa
0.85-(0.008*(f'c - 30) = 0.8908 Untuk 30 < fc' 55 Mpa
0.65 Untuk fc' > 55 Mpa

3. m = fy / 0,85*fc'
N/mm = 18.4266

= 0,75*b 6. min = 1,4/fy


= 0.021974 = 0.003590

min < < maks


0.003590 < 0.015926 < 0.021974
< maks OK
> min GUNAKAN p

25.00 mm As = 490.87385212 mm 2 25 = 981.75


13.00 mm As = 132.73228961 mm 2 13 = 265.46
1247.21
Jlh celah (x') = 11.00 buah

OK
OK
Mnterpasang = T* (d - a/2)

= As * fy (d - a/2)
= 1283.7774
Mnterpasang > Mn
(d - a/2)
kNm 25.55 % LEBIH BESAR DARI MOMEN NOMINAL
OK
Perancangan (Desain) Balok Persegi Bertulangan Tunggal (single reinforced)

Diberikan : b = 300 mm = 0.8


h = 700 mm fc' = 41.5
Mu = 581.00 kNm fy = 400
d = h- ds - TS - 0.5TU fys = 240
= 647.5 mm 1 = 0.85
d' = ds + TS + 0.5TU = 0.85-(0.008*(f'
52.5 mm = 0.65

Perancangan :

1. Mn = Mu/ 2. Rn = Mn / (b * d)
= 726.25 kNm = 5.7741

4. b = 0,85*fc' 600 5. maks


*1*
fy 600 + fy
= 0.040108

7. = 1 1- 2 m * Rn Note :
1-
m fy
= 0.015862

8. As = *b*d
= 3081.148 mm

9. Asumsikan tulangan yang dipakai : D = 25.00


D = 13.00
Jumlah (n) = AS total / As tulangan
= 6.28 ~ DIGUNAKAN : 8 buah

10. Cek Jumlah Layer (nL) (Maksimum 2 Layer)

nL = 2 LAYER
TENTUKAN JUMLAH TULANGAN TIAP LAYER
LAYER 1 = 4 batang cek jarak antar tulangan
LAYER 2 = 3 batang cek jarak antar tulangan

Sehingga As terpasang = n*As


= 3926.99 mm
T = As * fy
= 1570796.33 N

11. Tentukan Kapasitas Penampang


C=T Dimana : C = 0,85*fc'*a*b
T = As*fy
Sehingga : As*fy
a=
0,85*fc'*b
= 148.433 mm

12. Hitung tinggi d


0.8 Selimut Beton (ds) = 30 mm
41.5 Mpa Asumsi Sengkang (TS) = 10 mm
400 Mpa Asumsi Tul. Utama (TU) = 25 mm
240 Mpa
0.85 Untuk fc' 30 Mpa
0.85-(0.008*(f'c - 30) = 0.758 Untuk 30 < fc' 55 Mpa
0.65 Untuk fc' > 55 Mpa

3. m = fy / 0,85*fc'
N/mm = 11.3395

= 0,75*b 6. min = 1,4/fy


= 0.030081 = 0.003500

min < < maks


0.003500 < 0.015862 < 0.030081
< maks OK
> min GUNAKAN p

25.00 mm As = 490.87385212 mm 2 25 = 981.75


13.00 mm As = 132.73228961 mm 2 13 = 265.46
1247.21
Jlh celah (x') = 7.00 buah

OK
OK
Mnterpasang = T* (d - a/2)

= As * fy (d - a/2)
= 900.5113
Mnterpasang > Mn
(d - a/2)
kNm 23.99 % LEBIH BESAR DARI MOMEN NOMINAL
OK