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SAMPLING DISTRIUTION OF SAMPLE MEANS CONFIDENCE INTERVAL ESTIMATES FOR THE

POPULATION MEAN
1. You have a six sided die with faces numbered 1
through 6, and each face is equally likely to come up on
4. Noise levels at various area urban hospitals were
any given roll. Suppose you rolled the die five times and
measured in decibels. The mean of the noise levels in 84
got the values of 3, 4, 6, 3 and 5. If all samples of size 2
corridors was 61.2 decibels, and the standard deviation
are taken, find
of the population was 7.9.
a) The best Point estimate 61.2
a) How many possible samples can be drawn?
b) The 95% confidence interval of the population
b) List all possible samples and the corresponding
mean.59.5<u<62.9
means
c) Construct a sampling distribution of the sample
Minimum sample size needed for an interval estimate
means
of the population mean
d) Compute the mean of the sampling distribution of
the sample means
5) A university dean of students wishes to estimate the
e) Compute the variance of the sampling distribution of
average number of hours students spend doing
the sample means.
homework per week. The standard deviation from a
f) Compute the standard deviation of the sampling
previous study is 6.2 hours. How large a sample must be
distribution of the sample mean.
selected if he wants to be 99% confident of finding
whether the true mean differs from the sample mean
CENTRAL LIMIT THEOREM
by 1.5 hours? 114
(SOLVING PROBLEMS INVOLVING SAMPLING
DISTRIBUTION OF THE SAMPLE MEANS)
CONFIDENCE INTERVALS FOR THE POPULATION MEAN
WHEN POPULATION STANDARD DEVIATION IS
2) The average number of pounds of meat that a person
UNKNOWN
consumes per year is 218.4 pounds. Assume that the
standard deviation is 25 pounds and the distribution is
6) A sample of six college wrestlers had an average
approximately normal. If a sample of 40 individuals is
weight of 276 pounds with a sample standard deviation
selected, find the probability that the mean of the
of 12 pounds. Find the 90% confidence interval of the
sample will be less than 224 pounds per year. 92.22%
true mean weight of all college wrestlers.

POINT ESTIMATE OF A POPULATION MEAN


COMPUTING INTERVAL ESTIMATES OF POPULATION
PROPORTIONS
3. Consider the following sample of observations on
coating thickness for low-viscosity paint (Achieving a
7. A sample poll of 100 voters chosen at random from
Target Value for a Manufacturing Process: A Case
all voters in a given district indicate that 55% of them
Study, J. of Quality Technology, 1992: 22-26):
were in favor of a particular candidate. Find the 99%
0.83 0.88 0.88 1.04 1.09 1.12 1.29 1.31
confidence interval for the proportion of all voters in
1.48 1.49 1.59 1.62 1.65 1.71 1.76 1.83
favor of this candidate. 0.55<p<0.13
Assume that the distribution of coating thickness is
normal.
a) Calculate a point estimate of the mean value of
coating thickness
b) Compute the estimate variance of value of coating
thickness
c) What is the standard deviation of the following data?
SAMPLING DISTRIUTION OF SAMPLE MEANS CONFIDENCE INTERVAL ESTIMATES FOR THE
POPULATION MEAN
Number of Possible samples

Best Point Estimate = or
NCn where: N size of the population General formula for a confidence interval estimate

n size of the sample ( ) < < + ( )
Mean of Sampling Distribution 2 2

= ( ) Corresponding for confidence Level



Variance of the Sampling Distribution of the sample 90% = 1.65, 95% = 1.96, 99% = 2.58
means. Minimum sample size needed for an interval estimate
2 = ( ) ( )2 or of the population mean
2
2 = 1 for finite population

2
n=(
2
)2

2 = for infinite population CONFIDENCE INTERVALS FOR THE POPULATION MEAN

Standard Deviation of the Sampling Distribution of the WHEN POPULATION STANDARD DEVIATION IS
sample mean UNKNOWN
= 2 = ( ) ( )2 or
( ) < < + (
)

2 2
= 2 = for finite population Condition to use this formula:
1
1) n is less than 30
= 2 = for infinite population 2) sample is randomly selected and normally

Where: 2 population variance distributed (stated in the problem)
population standard deviation 3) Unknown population standard deviation
CENTRAL LIMIT THEOREM
COMPUTING INTERVAL ESTIMATES OF POPULATION
(SOLVING PROBLEMS INVOLVING SAMPLING
PROPORTIONS
DISTRIBUTION OF THE SAMPLE MEANS)
Use the formula when computing for the probability
using z table ( ) < < + ( )
2 2

=

Determining
POINT ESTIMATE OF A POPULATION MEAN
Point Estimate of the Mean Value =


= Or

Estimate Variance of Value =

( )2
2
= = 1 =
1
Estimate standard deviation of Value
)2
(
2
= =
1