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# 2017

SYLLOGISM
SYLLOGISM AND
AND
CODING
CODING DECODING
NEW PATTERN

DECODING
FOR SBI PO BOB DENA BANK NIACL RBI GRADE B

NEW PATTERN
FOR SBI PO BOB DENA BANK NIACL RBI GRADE B

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SYLLOGISM(NEW PATTERN)
Direction (1-5): Each option contains some statements. Determine from which statements the given two
conclusions follow.

1. Conclusions:
Some blue are yellow.
II. No pen is orange.
Statements:
A) No pen is blue. All blue are orange. Some orange are yellow.
B) No pen is blue. All orange are blue. Some orange are yellow.
C) All pens are blue. Some blue are orange. No orange is yellow.
D) Some pens are blue. All blue are orange. No orange is yellow.
E) None of these

Option B

2. Conclusions:
No red is green.
II. All green are blue is a possibility.
Statements:
A) Some blue are red. No yellow is red. All yellow are green.
B) Some blue are red. No yellow is red. All green are yellow.
C) All blue are red. No yellow is red. All green are yellow.
D) Some blue are red. Some yellow are red. No green is yellow.
E) None is correct

Option B
Solution:
From B) All green are yellow.+ No yellow is red=> All No=No=> No green is red or No red is green
All green are yellow.+ No yellow is red+ Some red is blue =>{All+No} +Some=> No+ Some= Some not
reversed=Some blue are not green=> All green being blue is a possibility is true

3. Conclusions:
Some clip are book
II. No page is pencil
Statements:
A) Some clip is pencil. Some pencil is book. No book is page.
B) Some clip is page. All page is book. No book is pencil.
C) All page is book. All pencil is clip. No book is pencil.
D) All book is page. No clip is page. All clip is pencil
E) None is correct

Option B
Solution:
In B) For I. Some clip is page. All page is book. => Some + All= Some=> Some clip is book.
For II. All + No = No=> No page is pencil

4. Conclusions:
Some pen are eraser.
II. All page are eraser is a possibility.
Statements:
A) Some eraser are scale. All scale are pen. No page is pen.
B) All eraser are scale. Some scale are pen. No page is pen.
C) Some eraser are scale. No scale is pen. Some page are scale.
D) All eraser are scale. Some eraser are pen. No page is scale.
E) None is correct

Option A
Solution:
From A) Some eraser are scale. All scale are pen. => Some+ All= Some => Some Pens are eraser
Some eraser are scale. All scale are pen +No pen is page={Some + All} + No=Some + No = Some Not=
Some eraser are not Page. Hence all page being eraser is a possibility is true

5. Conclusions:
All rupee are pound is a possibility.
II. No yen is rupee.
Statements:
A) Some pound are yen. All yen are won. No yen is dollar. Some dollar are rupee.
B) All pound are yen. Some yen are won. No rupee is yen. All dollar are rupee.
C) All pound are yen. All yen are won. No pound is dollar. Some dollar are rupee.
D) Some pound are yen. All yen are won. No rupee is won. Some dollar are rupee.
E) None is correct

Option D

Directions (6-10): In each of the questions below, statements are given followed by three conclusions
numbered I and II. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions do not follow
from the given statements.

6. Statements: Some tigers are lions. All lions are rats. Some rats are horses. No dog is lion.
Conclusions:
I. No dogs is rats
II. Some horses are tigers.
A) only I follows
B) only II follows
C) either I or II follows
D) neither I nor II follow
E) both I and II follow

Option D

7. Statements: Some white are red. All red are blue. Some blue are green. All green are orange.
Conclusions:
I. Some green are not white
II. All green being red is a possibility.
A) only I follows
B) only II follows
C) either I or II follows
D) neither I nor II follow
E) both I and II follow

Option B

8. Statements: All cats are monkeys. Some monkeys are tigers. No tiger is dog. Some dogs are lions.
Conclusions:
I. All tigers are cats is a possibility.
II. All tigers are lions is a possibility.
A) only I follows
B) only II follows
C) either I or II follows
D) neither I nor II follow
E) both I and II follow

Option E

9. Statements: Some dogs are bats. No bat is rabbit. All frogs are rabbits. Some dogs are lions.
Conclusions:
I. Some dogs are frogs
II. No dog is frog
A) only I follows
B) only II follows
C) either I or II follows
D) neither I nor II follow
E) both I and II follow

Option C

10. Statements: All files are pages. No page is scale. Some scales are pencils
Conclusions:
I. Some pages are files
II. Some pencils are not pages
A) only I follows
B) only II follows
C) either I or II follows
D) neither I nor II follow
E) both I and II follow

Option E

Direction (1-5): Each option contains some statements. Determine from which statements the given two
conclusions follow.

1. Conclusions:
I. No orange is grape.
II. All grapes are apples is a possibility.
Statements:
A) Some apples are oranges. No lemon is orange. All lemons are grapes.
B) Some apples are oranges. No lemon is orange. All grapes are lemons.
C) All apples are oranges. No lemon is orange. All grapes are lemons.
D) Some apples are oranges. Some lemons are oranges. No grape is lemon.
E) None is correct

Option B
Solution:
From B) All grapes are lemons.+ No lemon is orange=> All No=No=> No grape is orange or No orange is
grape
All grapes are lemons.+ No lemon is orange+ Some orange is apple =>{All+No} +Some=> No+ Some=
Some not reversed=Some apple are not grapes=> All grapes being apple is a possibility is true

2. Conclusions:
I. Some scales are not pencils.
II. All pens are scales is a possibility.
Statements:
A) All pens are pencils. No pencil is eraser. All scales are erasers.
B) Some pens are pencils. No pen is eraser. All erasers are scales.
C) All pens are pencils. No pencil is eraser. Some erasers are scales.
D) Some pens are pencils. Some pencils are erasers. No eraser is scale.
E) None is correct

Option C
Solution:
From C) No pencil is eraser. Some erasers are scales.=> No+ Some = some not reversed= Some scale are
not pencil
All pens are pencils. No pencil is eraser. Some erasers are scales.= =>{All+No} +Some=> No+ Some=
Some not reversed=> Some scale are not pen=> All pen being scale is a possibility is true

3. Conclusions:
I. Some rupee are dollar.
II. All pound are dollar is a possibility.
Statements:
A) Some dollar are yen. All yen are rupee. No pound is rupee.
B) All dollar are yen. Some yen are rupee. No pound is rupee.
C) Some dollar are yen. No yen is rupee. Some pound are yen.
D) All dollar are yen. Some dollar are rupee. No pound is yen.
E) None is correct

Option A
Solution:
From A) Some dollar are yen. All yen are rupee. => Some+ All= Some => Some Rupees are dollar
Some dollar are yen. All yen are rupee +No rupee is pound={Some + All} + No=Some + No = Some Not=
Some dollar are not Pound. Hence all pound being dollar is a possibility is true
4. Conclusions:
I. Some site are forum is a possibility.
II. No forum is blog.
Statements:
A) Some blogs are press. All sites are press. No forum is press.
B) All blogs are press. Some sites are blogs. No forum is press.
C) All blogs are press. Some sites are press. Some forum are sites.
D) Some blogs are press. No site is blog. Some forums are sites.
E) None is correct

Option B
Solution:
In B) Some site are blogs + All blogs are press + No press is forum = {Some+ All} + No = Some + No =
Some not=> Some site are not forum=> But then Some site are forum is a possibility will be true
All blogs are press + No press is forum=All+ No= No=> No blog is forum= No forum is blog

5. Conclusions:
I. All pages are comments is a possibility.
II. Some posts are not pages.
Statements:
A) Some pages are sites. Some posts are comments. No comment is site.
B) No page is site. Some posts are comments. Some comments are sites.
C) No page is site. Some posts are sites. Some comments are sites.
D) No page is site. Some posts are sites. Some comments are sites.
E) None is correct

Option C
Solution:
In C) Some comments are sites+ No site is page=> Some+ No= Some not=? Some comments are not page.
=> All pages being comment is apossibility is true.
Some posts are sites+ No site is page= Some Not=? Some posts are not page.

Directions (6-8): In each of the questions below, statements are given followed by three conclusions
numbered I, II and III. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions do not

6. Statements: All red are green. No green is a blue. All white are blue. All blue are black.
Conclusions:
I. Some black are green.
II. Some white are red is a possibility.
III. Some green are not black.
A) Only I and III
B) Only II and III
C) All I, II and III
D) Only II
E) Only III

Option C
Solution:
For I. conclusion between black and green. No green is a blue + All blue are black.
=> No + All= Some not reversed=> Some black are not green. I is false
For II. All red are green. No green is a blue => All+ No=No=> No red is blue Add it to All white are blue.
+ No blue is red=> No white is red=> hence II. is false
For III. Relation between green and black. Done in I.

7. Statements: Some rupee are dollar. All dollar are yen. No yen is a pound. All peso are pound.
Conclusions:
I. All rupee are peso is a possibility.
II. No peso is dollar.
III. No yen is rupee
A) Only II and III
B) Only I and III
C) Only II
D) Only III
E) All follow

Option B
Solution:
For I. Relation between rupee and peso. Solve first three statement first: Some rupee are dollar. All dollar
are yen. No yen is a pound=> Some + No= Some rupee are not pound + All peso are pound. This is the
second exceptional case of syllogism as discussed in our notes section. . All peso are pound. + Some rupee
are not pound gives us Some rupee are not peso. Hence I is false
For II. Relation between Peso and dollar. : All dollar are yen. No yen is a pound=> No dollar is pound; All
peso are pound. + No pound is dollar= All+ No= No=> No peso is dollar is true
For III. Relation between yen and rupee. Some+All=Some => Some Yen is rupee. So III is false

8. Statements: Some lions are dogs. All dogs are cats. Some cats are jungles. All jungles are monkey.
Conclusions:
I. Some dogs are monkey
II. Some jungles are not lions
III. All jungles being dogs is a possibility.
A) Only III
B) Only II and III
C) All follow
D) Only I and II
E) Only I and III

Option D
Solution:
I. relation between dogs and monkey: All dogs are cats. Some cats are jungles. All jungles are monkey. =>
All + Some + All = No conclusion. Hence I is false
II. Some lions are dogs. All dogs are cats. Some cats are jungles => Some+All+Some= No conclusion.
Hence II is false
III. Relation between jungles and dogs => All dogs are cats. Some cats are jungles= All+Some= No
conclusion= Any possibility between jungles and dogs is true. Hence III follows

Direction (9-10): In which of the following options 4th statement follows from the 1st three statement?

9. A) Some squares are rectangles. All squares are spheres. No sphere is a cone. All cones being square is a
possibility.
B) All cones are cylinders. Some cones are squares. No square is a rectangle. Some cones being rectangle is
a possibility.
C) Some squares are rectangles. All squares are spheres. No sphere is a cone. All spheres are squares.
D) All rectangles are squares. All squares are triangles. No triangle is a cone. Some rectangles being cone is
a possibility.
E) Does not follow in any option.

Option B
Solution:
In A) Fourth statement is: All cones being square is a possibility.
=> from All squares are spheres. No sphere is a cone.=All+No= No=>No cone is square. Hence False
In B) Fourth statement is: Some cones being rectangle is a possibility.
Some cones are squares. No square is a rectangle=>Some+No=Some not=>Some cones are not rectangle.
Hence some cones being rectangle is a possibility is true. Hence True
In C) Fourth statement is: All spheres are squares.
Some squares are rectangles. All squares are spheres.=> Some+All= Some squares are sphere or some
sphere are square. Hence False
In D) Fourth statement is: Some rectangles being cone is a possibility.
All rectangles are squares. All squares are triangles. No triangle is a cone =>All+All+No=No =>No
rectangle is cone. Hence False

10. A) All rectangles are cones. Some cones are squares. No square is triangle. Some triangles are rectangle.
B) Some cones are rectangles. Some rectangles are spheres. All spheres are squares. All spheres are Cones.
C) Some cones are rectangles. Some rectangles are spheres. All spheres are squares. All squares are cone.
D) All rectangles are cones. Some cones are squares. No square is triangle. Some squares being rectangle is
a possibility.
E) Does not follow in any option.

Option D
Solution:
In A) Fourth statement is: Some triangles are rectangle.
From All rectangles are cones. Some cones are squares. No square is triangle=> All+Some+No= No
conclusion. Hence False
In B) Fourth statement is: All spheres are Cones.
Some cones are rectangles. Some rectangles are spheres.=> Some+Some No conclusion , Hence False
In C) Fourth statement is: All squares being Cone is a possibility.
Some cones are rectangles. Some rectangles are spheres. All spheres are squares.=> Some +Some+All= No
conclusion. Hence False
In D) Fourth statement is: Some squares being rectangle is a possibility.
All rectangles are cones. Some cones are squares=> All+ Some = No conclusion=> Any possibility is true.
Hence True
Direction (1-3): Each option contains some statements. Determine from which statements the given two
conclusions follow.

1. Conclusions:
I. Some Abraham are Virat.
II. Some Gayle are not Kohli.
Statements:
A) Some kohli is gayle. No gayle is virat. Some virat are Abraham.
B) No kohli is virat. Some virat is gayle. Some gayle is Abraham.
C) Some Abraham are gayle. All gayle is virat. No virat is kohli.
D) All Abraham is gayle. No gayle is virat. All virat is kohli.
E) None is correct

Option C
Explanation: In C) For I. Some+ All= Some=> Some Abraham are virat.
For II. All+ No=No => No gayle is Kohli. Hence Some gayle are not kohli is also true.

2. Conclusions:
I. No kite is sky
Statements:
A) No fly is sky. Some kite is fly. All sky is thread.
B) All kite is sky. No fly is sky. All fly is thread.
C) All sky is fly. All kite is thread. No fly is kite.
D) All kite is fly. Some thread is kite. No fly is sky.
E) None is correct

Option D
Explanation: in D) for II. Some thread is kite + All kite is fly = Some + All= Some=> Some thread is fly
For I. All kite is fly + No fly is sky. => All+ N0 = No=> No kite is sky.

3. Conclusions:
I. Some bulk are book
II. No cook is auto
Statements:
A) Some bulk is auto. Some auto is book. No book is cook.
B) All cook is book. All auto is bulk. No book is auto.
C) Some bulk is cook. All cook is book. No book is auto.
D) All book is cook. No bulk is cook. All bulk is auto
E) None is correct

Option C
Explanation: In C) For I. Some bulk is cook. All cook is book. => Some + All= Some=> Some bulk is
book.
For II. All + No = No=> No cook is auto

Direction (4-6): In which of the following options 4th statement follows from the 1st three statement?

4. A) Some hope are fight. No dollar is time. All first are time. All hope are dollar
B) All hope are time. No dollar is time. All dollar is first. Some hope are not first.
C) No first is time. Some first is hope. All hope is dollar. Some dollar are not time.
D) All first is hope. Some hope is time. All time is dollar. Some first is time.
E) None is correct

Option C
Explanation: In C) Using reverse (a) + (b) + (c) and solving in the order (b)+(c) i.e
No time is first + [Some first is hope + All hope is dollar]=> No time is first + Some first is dollar => Some
dollar are not time.

## 5. A) All company is graduate. No graduate is grow. No grow is pass. No company is pass.

B) Some graduate is pass. All pass is grow. All grow is company. Some graduate is company
C) Some grow is pass. No graduate is pass. All graduate is company. Some grow is not company.
D) All pass is grow. All grow is graduate. Some graduate is company. Some pass is company
E) None is correct

Option B
Explanation: Some+All+All = Some=> Some graduate is company.

6. A) Some real are not sector. All real are sector. No estate is frame. Some sector are not estate.
B) Some real are estate. Some estate is sector. No frame is sector. Some real is frame.
C) All real are estate. Some sector are not estate. Some sector are frame. Some sector are not real.
D) All frame are sector. No sector is estate. All estate is real. Some frame are not real.
E) None is correct

Option C
Explanation: Using the exceptional case II. i.e All A is B+ Some C is not B=> Some C is not A. We can
find that in C) 4th follows .from All real are estate. Some sector are not estate

Direction (7-9): In the following question, a set of four statements is followed by five conclusions, one of
which DEFINITELY DOES NOT FOLLOW (or is not a possibility of occurrence). Choose that conclusion

7. Statements:
Some green are red
No yellow is orange.
Some pink are green
All red is yellow.

## A) Some pink are red

B) Some green are yellow.
C) All red being orange is a possibility
D) All yellow being red is a possibility
E) No orange is red

Option C
Explanation: Using statement: All red is yellow. + No yellow is orange. => All+No= No=> No red is
orange. Hence All red being orange is not possible. So C) is definitely False.

8. Statements:
Some good are tax
Some rate is deal
All tax is less.
No less is rate.

## A) Some good are not rate

B) No tax is rate
C) Some less are deal
D) Some good are rate
E) All deal being less is a possibility

Option E
Explanation: For E) No less is rate. + Some rate is deal => No + Some= Some not reversed=> Some deal
are not less => when some deal are not less Then All deal cannot be less. Hence E) is definitely false.

9. Statements:
No night is day.
All night is noon
No evening is summer.
Some evening is noon.

## A) All day being noon is a possibility

B) Some night are evening
C) All night are summer is a possibility
D) All noon are summer is a possibility
E) Some noon are day

Option D
Explanation: In D) using reverse(c) + (d) => No summer is evening + Some evening is noon=> No+
Some= Some not reversed > Some noon is not summer. Hence D) is definitely false.

Directions: Which of the following options if included in the statement will make the given conclusion
true?

10. Some theme is pink. + __________ + No orange is green
Conclusion: Some theme are not green
(i) Some pink is orange
(ii) No pink is orange
(iii) All pink is orange
A) Only (i)
B) Only (ii)
C) Only (iii)
D) Either (ii) or (iii)
E) Either (i) or (iii)

Option C
Explanation: Some + No+ No= No conclusion
Some + Some + No= No conclusion
Some+ All+ No= Some Not.
So to get a definite conclusion we need All pink is orange.

Direction (1-3): Each option contains some statements. Determine from which statements the given two
conclusions follow.

1. Conclusions:
All green are red is a possibility. No blue is green.
Statements:
A) Some red are blue. All blue are yellow. No blue is white. Some white are green.
B) All red are blue. Some blue are yellow. No green is blue. All white are green.
C) All red are blue. All blue are yellow. No red is white. Some white are green.
D) Some red are blue. All blue are yellow. No green is yellow. Some white are green.
E) None is correct
Option D

2. Conclusions:
Some distance is wage is a possibility. Some time is not wage.
Statements:
A) All distance is time. Some work is distance. All work is speed. No time is wage.
B) Some distance is work. All time is work. No work is speed. Some wage is speed.
C) All distance is time. Some time is work. All work is speed. No work is wage.
D) All time is distance. All distance is work. Some wage is speed. No wage is work.
E) None is correct
Option C

3. Conclusions:
No arrangement is inequality. Some puzzle are not inequality.
Statements:
A) Some puzzle is syllogism. All arrangement is syllogism. No direction is syllogism. All inequality is
direction.
B) Some puzzle is syllogism. All arrangement is syllogism. No direction is syllogism. Some inequality is
direction.
C) All puzzle is syllogism. Some arrangement is syllogism. No direction is syllogism. All inequality is
direction.
D) Some puzzle is syllogism. Some arrangement is syllogism. No direction is arrangement. All inequality is
direction.
E) None is correct
Option A
Directions (4-6): In each of the questions below, statements are given followed by three conclusions
numbered I, II and III. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically
follows from the given statements.

4. Statements: All red are green. No green is a blue. All white are blue. All blue are black.
Conclusions:
I. Some black are green.
II. Some white are red is a possibility.
III. Some green are not black.
A) Only I and III follow.
B) Only II and III follows
C) Only I follows
D) None follows
E) Either II or III and I follow
Option D

5. Statements: Some rupee are dollar. All dollar are yen. No yen is a pound. All peso are pound.
Conclusions:
I. All rupee are peso is a possibility.
II. No peso is dollar.
III. No yen is rupee
A) Only II and III follow
B) Only I and II follow
C) Only II follow
D) All follow
E) None follow
Option C

6. Statements: Some lions are dogs. All dogs are cats. Some cats are jungles. All jungles are monkey.
Conclusions:
I. Some dogs are monkey
II. Some jungles are not lions
III. All jungles being dogs is a possibility.
A) Only III follow
B) Only I and II follow
C) Only either I or II and III follow
D) None follows
E) Only I and III follow
Option A

Direction (7-9): In which of the following options 4th statement follows from the 1st three statement?

7. A) Some dog are tiger. No tiger is cat. All cat is lion. Some lions are not tiger
B) All dog are tiger. No tiger is cat. Some cat is lion. Some lions are not tiger
C) No dog is tiger. No tiger is cat. All cat is lion. Some cat are tiger
D) All dog are tiger. All tiger are cat. No cat is lion. Some lions are not tiger
E) Does not follow in any option.
Option A
8. A) All page are eraser. All eraser is pen. Some pen are pencil. Some page are pencil
B) All page is eraser. Some eraser are pen. All pen are pencil. Some page are pencil
C) No page is eraser. All eraser are pen. Some pen are pencil. Some page are pencil

D) Some page is eraser. All eraser is pen. No pen is pencil. Some page are pencil
E) Does not follow in any option.
Option E
9. A) Some quant is english. All english is reasoning. No computer is english. Some reasoning is computer
B) All quant is english. Some reasoning is English. All computer is reasoning. Some english is computer
C) All quant is english. Some reasoning is quant. No computer is english. All quant is computer is a
possibility.
D) Some quant is english. All reasoning is English. No computer is reasoning. Some english is not computer
E) Does not follow in any option.
Option D

Directions: Which of the following options if included in the statement will make the given conclusion
true?

10. Statements: Some quant is english. All reasoning is computer. No computer is banking
Conclusion: Some quant is not banking
A) Some english is reasoning
B) All english is reasoning
C) No english is reasoning
D) Some english are not reasoning
E) None of these
Option B

Direction (1-3): Each of the following questions consists of six statements followed by options consisting of
three statements put together in a specific order. Choose the option that indices a combination where the
third statement can be logically deduced from the first two statements and that option will be your answer.

## 1. I. Some orange is white.

II. Some white is black.
III. All black is orange.
IV. Some green are blue.
V. No blue is white.
VI. All red are green.
A) [IV, VI, V]
B) [I, II, V]
C) [II, III, I]
D) [IV, V, VI]
E) None is correct

Option C
Some white is black., All black is orange. Gives Some orange is white.

## 2. I. Some red is green.

II. All blue is black.
III. Some blue is white.
IV. Some red is white.
V. Some black is blue.
VI. Some white is black.
A) [VI, IV, I]
B) [II, III, VI]
C) [I, II, IV]

D) [I , V, III]
E) None is correct

Option B
All blue is black. and Some blue is white.
Gives Some white is black.

3. I. No red is green.
II. Some white is red.
III. All blue is white.
IV. Some green is blue.
V. No white is black.
VI. No blue is black.
A) [I, II, V]
B) [II, III, V]
C) [I, IV, VI]
D) [III, V, VI]
E) None is correct

Option D

Direction (4-8): Each option contains some statements. Determine from which statements the given two
conclusions follow.

## 4. Conclusions: All tiger is dog. No lion is cat.

Statements:
A) All lion is horse. No horse is cat. Some cat is dog. All dogs are tiger. Some tiger is monkey.
B) All horse is monkey. Some monkey is dog. Some dog is cat. All cats are tiger. No tiger is lion.
C) All tiger is cat. All cats are dog. Some lion is monkey. All monkeys are horse. No lion is dog.
D) Some horse is monkey. All monkeys are cat. Some cat is lion. No lion is dog. All dogs are tiger.
E) None.

Option C
5. Conclusions: Some pencil is eraser. No scale is pen.
Statements:
A) Some books are pencil. No pencil is scale. All erasers are scale. Some scales are pen. All pens are copy.
B) All books are scale. All pens are pencil. Some pencils are eraser. All erasers are copy. No scale is pencil.
C) Some books are pencil. All pencils are copy. No copy is pen. Some pen is eraser. No eraser is scale.
D) Some books are pencil. No pencil is eraser. No eraser is copy. Some copy are scale. All scales are pen.
E) None

6. Conclusions: All white being green is a possibility. Some grey are not blue.
STATEMENTS:
A) Some blue are white. All white us grey. No grey is green.
B) All blue are white. All white is grey. Some grey is green.
C) All blue are white. No white is grey. Some grey is green.
D) Some blue are white. Some white is grey. All grey is green.
E) None

Option C

7. Conclusions: Some green are white. Some red are white.
Statements:
A) All white are yellow. All yellow are red. Some red are green.
B) All white are yellow. Some yellow are red. All red are green.
C) Some white are yellow. All yellow are red. All red are green
D) All white are yellow. All yellow are red. Some red are green.
E) None

Option C

8. Conclusions: Some red are not black, Some green are white.
Statements:
A) Some white are not black. All white are red. All red are green.
B) All red are white. Some black are not white. Some red are green.
C) All white are black. No black is red. No red are green.
D) Some white are black. No black is red. Some red are green
E) None

Option A

Direction (9-10): Statements are followed by 4 conclusions. Determine which conclusion(s) follow(s) from
the given statements.

## 9. Statements: All H are G. Some G are D. No D is C. Some C are T.

Conclusions:
I. No C is G
II. Some G are not C.
III. All D are H is a possibility.
IV. All D are T is a possibility.
A) Only II, III and either I or IV follow.
B) Only III follows
C) All follows.
D) Only II, III and IV follow
E) None of these

Option D
Explanation:
I is not definite
All G are C is not a possibility, so II follows.
III is a possibility.

IV is a possibility as

## 10. Statements: All B are F. Some H are F. All P are H. No J is F.

Conclusions:
I. All J being H is a possibility
II. Some P are not J
III. Some H are not J.
IV. Some P are F
A) Only II, III and IV follow.
B) Only I and III follows
C) All follows.
D) Only I, III and IV follow
E) None of these

Option B
Explanation:
I is a possibility as

II All P are J is a possibility, so II does not follow. (as seen in above venn, if all P are J, then also all
statements agree, so it is a possibility)
III All H are J is not a possibility, so III follows. (if all H are J, some F will be J which is not possible)
IV is not definite

Direction (1-3): In which of the following options does the given conclusions follow.

1. Conclusions:
I. All CPU are keyboards is a possibility.
II. Some keyboards are machines
STATEMENTS:
A) Some computers are mouse. Some keyboards are mouse. No machine is keyboard. All CPU are machine.
B) All computers are machines. Some keyboards are computers. No machine is mouse. All CPU are mouse
C) Some computers are machines. Some keyboards are machines. No keyboard is mouse. Some CPU are
mouse.
D) All computers are machines. Some keyboards are machines. All keyboards are mouse. No CPU is mouse.

E) None

Option B

2. Conclusions:
I. No alphabet is paragraph.
II. Some letters are not paragraphs.
STATEMENTS:
A) Some letters are alphabets. All alphabets are sentences. No number is sentence. All numbers are
paragraphs.
B) Some letters are alphabets. All alphabets are sentences. All numbers are paragraphs. No number is
alphabet.
C) Some letters are alphabets. All alphabets are sentences. Some numbers are sentence. No sentence is
paragraph.
D) All letters are alphabets. Some alphabets are sentences. All sentences are numbers. No sentence is
paragraph.
E) None

Option C

3. Conclusions:
I. No rectangle is circle.
II. All squares are cones is a possibility.
STATEMENTS:
A) Some circles are squares. No rectangle is square. All rectangles are cones. Some cones are triangles.
B) Some circles are squares. All squares are triangles. No rectangle is triangle. Some cones are rectangles.
C) Some circles are squares. Some rectangles are square. All rectangles are cones. No square is triangle.
D) All circles are squares. No rectangle is square. Some cones are rectangles. All cones are triangles.
E) None

Option D

Direction (4-6): In which of the following options the fourth statement follows from the first three
statements?

4. A) Some red are blue. All blue are green. No white is red. All blue are white is a possibility.
B) All red are blue. Some green are red. No white is red. No green is white.
C) Some red are blue. No green is blue. All green are white. Some white are blue.
D) All red are blue. Some green are blue. No white is green. All red are white is a possibility.
E) Does not follow in any option.

Option D

5. A) Some lions are monkeys. No rat is monkey. All dogs are rats. No dog is lion.
B) Some monkeys are lions. All lions are dogs. No lion is rat. No rat is dog.
C) Some lions are monkeys. Some dogs are monkeys. No rat is monkey. Some dogs are not rats.
D) All lions are monkeys. Some dogs are lions. Some rats are dogs. Some rats are lions.
E) Does not follow in any option.

Option C

6. A) Some pens are pencils. Some erasers are pens. No scale is eraser. No scale is pen.
B) Some pens are pencils. No eraser is pencil. All erasers are scales. No scale is pencil.
C) All pens are pencils. No eraser is pen. Some scales are erasers. No scale is pencil.
D) Some pens are pencils. All pencils are erasers. No scale is pencil. No scale is eraser.
E) Does not follow in any option.

Option E

Directions (7-8): Which of the following options if included in the given statements will make the given
conclusion true?

7. Statements: All letters are alphabets. Some alphabets are sentences. No sentence is paragraph.
Conclusion: Some alphabets are not numbers.
A) Some numbers are letters.
B) Some sentences are numbers.
C) All numbers are paragraphs.
D) All paragraphs are numbers.
E) None of these

Option C

8. Statements: Some circles are squares. No triangle is square. Some rectangles are triangles.
Conclusion: No square is cone.
A) All cones are rectangles.
B) All cones are triangles.
C) Some cones are circles.
D) Some rectangles are cones
E) None of these

Option B

Direction (9-10): Determine using which two or three statements given, the given conclusion follows.

## 9. Conclusion: All sentences are letters is a possibility.

(i) Some alphabets are letters.
(ii) No sentence is alphabet.
(iii) All alphabets are letters.
A) (i) and (ii)
B) (i) and (iii)
C) (ii) and (iii)
D) Conclusion does not follows from any of the statements together
E) From (i) and (ii) OR (ii) and (iii)

Option E

## 10. Conclusion: No square is rectangle.

(i) Some circles are squares.
(ii) All cones are rectangles.
(iii) No circle is cone.
(iv) Some rectangles are circles.
A) (i) and (ii)
B) (i), (ii) and (iii)
C) (ii) and (iv)
D) Conclusion does not follows from any of the statements together
E) All (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)

Option D

## CODING DECODING(NEW PATTERN)

Directions (1-5): Study the following information to answer the given questions:

In a certain code,
Search box to find is written as K21 S22 P15 T16
Find is first form is written as L31 N20 R19 T16
Table is looking good is written as R19 O19 F34 E15
Search text not command is written as S17 E25 K21 U35

## 1. What text be the code for find girl?

A) T16 K21
B) T16 U35
C) A19 T16
D) O19 T16
E) None of these

Option C
Find T16
Girl is not present anywhere in codes and so is A19

2. Which of the following can be used to find out the code for box?
(i) S22 K21 P15 U38
(ii) N20 S22 K67 U35
(iii) V20 K21 K67 P15
(iv) N20 P20 L31 U35
A) (ii)
B) (ii) or (iv)
C) (ii) or (iii)
D) (i) or (ii)
E) None of these

Option C
Explanation:
From 1st code, search K21 and find T16
So box is either S22 or P15 so if given that what codes (ii) and (iii) stand for, the code for box can be
found. [because they contain either S22 or P15
in (i) both are given, so cannot be found. In (iv) neither is given so cant be found
So either (ii) or (iii) can be used

3. Which of the following cannot be used to find the code for command?
A) N20 S22 K67 U35
B) S17 K21 E25 P15
C) S22 E25 P15 U38
D) N20 P20 L31 S17
E) None of these

Option B
Command can be S17 or E25 or U35. But B) contains both S17 and E25

4. If first is coded as L31, then what text be the code for not form
A) N20 K21
B) U35 N20
C) O19 N20
D) N20 S22
E) F34 N20

Option B
In Find is first form is written as L31 N20 R19 T16.
Find T16, is R19. Now if first L31, then form N20.
Now in Search text not command is written as S17 E25 K21 U35
Search K21, so A cannot be the answer.
not can be S17 or E25 or U35, none of which is present in B, C or D. In B U35 is there. So B) text be the
code.

5. If the code for looking is F34, then which of the following can be used to find the code for good?
A) O19 E15 K21 P15
B) S17 O19 R19 E15
C) O19 P15 F34 E15
D) L31 U35 E15 P15
E) None of these

Option D
is R19. So if looking is R34, then good can be coded as O19 or E15.
Only in D option, one of them is written. In other options both O19 and E15 are written so will not be useful
to find the code for good.

Directions (6-10): Study the following information to answer the given questions:

In a certain code,
crucial major radical sour is written as %a4 @a4 !u2 &o3,
right calm safety mutual is written as !t3 @h3 &a3 %l2,
close micro school regime is written as @m3 &r3 !o3 %s3, and
mystery reside sour crucial is written as %a4 &r4 !u2 @d3.

## 6. What is the code for mutual?

A) !n3
B) @c2
C) &a3
D) &n2

E) Cannot be determined

Option C

& for first letter m, % for first letter c, @ for first letter r, and ! for first letter s
Number represents number of alphabets in word divided by 2. And is it comes in decimal, the number is
rounded off. Example crucial= 7 = 7/2 = 4. sour = 4 = 4/2 = 2
Alphabet represents the second last letter of word.
So crucial = % for c, a for second last a in crucial and 4 for crucial= 7 = 7/2 = 4

## 7. What does !o3 @h3 stand for?

A) calm regime
B) right school
C) school calm
D) close mutual
E) Cannot be determined

Option B

## 8. !a2 @n3 &n4 could be a code for which of the following?

A) morbid raising shake
B) morning star rising
C) carry style sour
E) Cannot be determined

Option B

remedy @d3

## 9. What is code for close safety?

A) %r2 &r4
B) %l3 @c2
C) !n3 %r2
D) !t3 %s3
E) Cannot be determined

Option D

## 10. Which of the following will represent carry spacing righteous?

A) @m2 !a5 &t3
B) %r3 !a4 @t3
C) %m3 &s5 &r2
D) %r3 !n4 @u5
E) Cannot be determined

Option D
multi &t3
satirical !a5
ramp @m2

Directions (1-5): Study the following information to answer the given questions:

In a certain code,
mixed chamber incidence vacuum is written as 88\$B 12@C 36#E 52%A,
jammer corporate frozen weird is written as 24B 40@B 92%A 12#E ,
comedian magnitude webcam jumbled as 40%C 12D 92\$B 52#E , and
maximum revealed union editor is written as 72%D 52\$C 20@B 84A .

## 1. What is the code for cardamom?

A) 16#D
B) 12%E
C) 12\$D
D) 14\$D
E) Cannot be determined

Option C
Explanation:
Observe the numbers. They all are divisible by 4.
Number which represents first letter * 4.
Symbol is according to last letter of word:
D to %, N , R @, E #, M \$
letters are only A, B, C, D, and E. They are according to number of letters in each word:
5 A, 6 B, 7 C, 8 D, 9 E
Example: INCIDENCE
I = 9, so 9*4 = 36
last letter E so #
Number of letters in incidence = 9, so E
So incidence is coded as 36#E

## 2. What is the code for pager style?

A) 64@A 76#A
B) 64#A 76@A
C) 60@C 76#B
D) 64\$A 76#A
E) Cannot be determined

Option A

## 3. What is the code for September December?

A) 16@E 76@D
B) 72@E 16@D
C) 76@E 16@D
D) 76@E 16#D
E) Cannot be determined

Option C

## 4. What is code for fusion clown?

A) 12B 24A
B) 24B 12A
C) 24D 12@A
D) 24C 12A
E) Cannot be determined

Option B

## 5. What is the code for hundred folder?

A) 32%D 24#B
B) 32C 24@B
C) 32%D 24#B
D) 32%C 24@B
E) Cannot be determined

Option D

Directions (6-10): Study the following information to answer the given questions:
In a certain code,
home means happy house is written as ne dl vl og ,
brave means so bold is written as rep og du be,
bold words happy users is written as dl uj tr rep, and
More house so users is written as ki ne be uj.

## 6. Which is the code for more home?

A) dl uj
B) ki ne
C) og dl
D) vl ki
E) Cannot be determined

Option D

home and vl are present in only first code. Also other words in first code are present in below codes. so
home vl. Similarly for more and ki in fourth code

## 7. What is the code for Bold house?

A) ne rep
B) ne tr
C) rep og
D) tr og
E) Cannot be determined

Option A

## 8. What does brave so words stands for?

A) rep be vl
B) be tr du
C) du rep ki
D) be du og
E) Cannot be determined

Option B

## 9. What does tr rep ty could mean in the given code language?

A) Words happy Letters
B) Bold often house
C) Bold makes words
D) Words so Bold
E) Cannot be determined

Option C

## 10. Which is the code for home happy brave?

A) og ne rep
B) dl du vl
C) dl vl og
D) du ki be
E) Cannot be determined

Option B

Directions (1-5): Study the following information to answer the given questions:

In a certain code,
Marker Written Merit Iterated is written as 11\$D 25%N 15R 15@T
Come Detail Order Hijacked is written as 6L 5#E 10\$D 17@R
Present Joystick Liable Part is written as 18%T 14E 18#T 12\$K
States Regards Fact Reply is written as 8#T 21S 20@Y 20%S

## 1. What is the code for Haryana Court?

A) 5@T 10%A
B) 6@T 10%T
C) 5T 10#A
D) 5\$T 10%A
E) Cannot be determined

Option A
Solution:
Symbol is according to number of letters in word
4 #, 5 @, 6 , 7 %, 8 \$
Number is (number represented by first letter of word) + 2
Letter last letter of word
So Marker M = 13, 13 +2 = 15, 6 letter word so and last letter R so code is 15R

## 2. What is the code for Cruel Statement?

A) 4@L 21\$T
B) 5L 21\$S
C) 5@L 21%T
D) 5@L 21\$T
E) Cannot be Determined

Option E
Solution:
Statement is 9 letter word So we do not know the symbol for 9 letter word

## 3. What is the code for Water Backflow?

A) 25@R 4\$B
B) 25R 4\$W
C) 25@R 4\$W
D) 25@R 4%W
E) Cannot be determined

Option C
4. What is the code for Deduct Word?
A) 6T 26#D
B) 6%T 25#C
C) 6T 25#D
D) 6@T 25#D
E) Cannot be determined

Option C
5. What is the code for Plane Hijacker?
A) 10\$T 18@E
B) 10\$R 18E
C) 10%R 18@E
D) 10\$R 18@E
E) Cannot be determined

Option D

Directions (6-10): Study the following information to answer the given questions:
In a certain code language she is not dancing is written as ka la dak ga, she laughing and writing is written
as, ni ta pa ka, dancing makes person fit is written as zi la de ki, she makes laughing writing is written as
zi ni ka ta
6. What is the code for dancing is not in the given code language?
A) ga dak ta
B) ni ga ka
C) la ga dak
D) ta la ga
E) pa ni zi

Option C
7. What is the code for writing in the given code language?
A) only ta
B) only ni
C) either pa or ni
D) only pa
E) either ni or ta

Option E
8. What is the code for she laughing in the given code language?
A) ka ta
B) ni ta
C) ki de
D) ka ni
E) either A or D

Option E
Solution:
she ka. laughing is ta or ni. So ka ta or ka ni

## 9. What is the code for makes in the given code language?

A) la
B) pa
C) ni
D) ga
E) zi

Option E
10. What can de the code for and performing in the given code language?
A) ni ka
B) pa ed
C) ta dak
D) ka zi
E) dak ga

Option B
Solution:
performing and ed both not present in given codes. So performing can be ed

Directions (1-5): Study the following information to answer the given questions:

In a certain code,
France Indonesia Kazakhstan Maldives is written as G10 L@18 N#14 J%16
Lebanon Greece Portugal Nigeria is written as M@12 H10 Q\$14 O%12
Ukraine Nepal Philippines Colombia is written as D%14 Q#20 V12 O\$08
Lithuania Cyprus Senegal Uzbekistan is written as T\$12 M%16 D#10 V@18

## 1. What is the code for India Romania?

A) J%8 S%12
B) J%08 S@12
C) J%08 S%12
D) J%08 S%14
E) Cannot be determined

Option C
Explanation:
Alphabet = Next letter of first letter of word
The symbol is according to last letter:
L \$, S #, A %, N @, E
Numbers: (Number of letters 1) * 2
So Kazakhstan K => K+1=L, @ for last letter N, letters in Kazakhstan = 10 so (10-1)*2 = 18
So L@18

## 2. L%18 can be the code of which of the following?

A) Kazakhstan
B) Kyrgyzstan
C) Mauritania
D) Mongolia
E) Cannot be determined

Option E The word should start with K, A at last with 10 letter word

## 3. What is the code for Zimbabwe Cameroon?

A) Y14 D@14
B) A12 D@14
C) A14 D@12
D) A14 D@14
E) Cannot be determined

Option D
4. What is the code for Israel Jamaica?
A) S\$10 K@12
B) J\$10 K%12
C) J\$10 K%14
D) J10 K%12
E) Cannot be determined

Option B

5. What is the code for Liechtenstein?
A) K@24
B) M@22
C) M24
D) M@24
E) Cannot be determined

Option D

Directions (6-10): Study the following information to answer the given questions:
In a certain code He is late today is written as as le ta hi, today always comes is written as ne hi ki, comes
is late is written as as ne le and be late always is written as ki md as.

## 6. Which of the following can be coded as as ta ki le?

A) always late comes is
B) comes is today always
C) he is always late
D) He is comes always
E) None of these

Option C

A) le
B) hi
C) ne
D) ki
E) md

Option D

A) le hi ne
B) le ta ne
C) as ne md
D) ki hi ne
E) ne ta md

Option A

## 9. Which of the following may represent be?

A) le
B) ne
C) as
D) ta
E) md

Option E
10. What does le represent in the code?
A) He
B) late
C) always
D) comes
E) is

Option E

Directions (1-5): Study the following information to answer the given questions:

In a certain code,
Aspirant Time Stock Zone is written as TP20 SG32 OV16 IV16,
Jump Market Reach Against is written as ES20 UK16 GG28 AG24,
Refer Wake Further Belong is written as AV16 ET24 UI28 EI20 , and
Private Keen Child Red is written as HW20 RV28 EW12 EM16 .

## 1. Which is the code for Beyond Team ?

A) EW32 EN16
B) EW24 AN20
C) EW12 EN12
D) EW24 EN16
E) None of these

Option D
Solution:
Numbers: Number of letters in word multiplied by 4
First letter in code is second letter of respective word. Second letter in code is reverse of last letter of
respective word.
So Aspirant S for second letter S, G for reverse of T, 8 letter word so 8*4 = 32 makes SG32

A) AV28 LG20
B) AW24 LG20
C) AV28 LH20
D) AW28 LH20
E) None of these

Option A

A) AO32 AP12
B) AP32 AP16
C) AN32 AP12
D) AO32 AP20
E) None of these

Option B

A) Ports Plant
B) Edits Poles
D) Edits Notion

E) None of these

Option C

## 5. Which is the code for Normal Clipboard?

A) ON24 LV36
B) OO24 LW36
C) OP24 LU36
D) OM24 LX36
E) None of these

Option B

Directions (6-10): Study the following information to answer the given questions:

## In a certain code language

practice daily study smart is coded as lu ja ka hu,
practice leads towards selection is coded as de ka la ho,
study leads the selection is coded as la fu ja ho and
selection of the smart is coded as ho lu na fu.

A) ho
B) la
C) de
D) ka
E) None of these

Option B
Solution:

A) ka
B) lu
C) hu
D) ja
E) None of these

Option C

A) na hu fu
B) hu de la
C) fu lu na
D) de hu na
E) None of these

Option D

A) ka fu
B) na hu
C) ka na
D) hu fu
E) None of these

Option A

## 10. What is the code of smart in this code language?

A) hu
B) ja
C) lu
D) ka
E) Cannot be determined

Option C

Directions (1-5): Study the following information to answer the given questions:

In a certain code,
Seven Eleven Two Four is written as A#24 D@35 H\$8 L#15,
Six Thirteen Ten Forty is written as H@63 L\$24 A\$8 H\$8,
Eight Twelve Sixteen Three is written as A@48 H#24 D\$24 H#35, and
Nine Fourteen Thirty Fifteen is written as L@48 J#15 H\$35 L!63.

## 1. Which is the code for Sixty Five?

A) A@24 L#15
B) L\$24 L!15
C) A\$24 L#15
D) A\$24 L#16
E) Cannot be Determined

Option C
Symbols: According to number of vowels in the word
1 vowel: \$, 2 vowels: #,3 vowels: @,4 vowels: !
Number: Number of letters in word^2 1
Alphabet according to first letter of Word. Observe that words start from S or E or T or N or F
S => A, E => D, T => H, N => J, F => L
So: code for Seven is
2 vowels so #, 5 letters so 5^2 -1 = 24, first letter S so S => A. So code becomes A#24

## 2. What is the code for Seventeen?

A) L!80
B) A@80
C) D@80

D) A!80
E) Cannot be determined

Option D

## 3. What is the code for Seventy?

A) A@48
B) A\$48
C) A#49
D) A#48
E) Cannot be determined

Option D

## 4. D!63 J!63 will be the code for

A) Eighteen Eighty
B) Nineteen Fourteen
C) Eighteen Nineteen
D) Eighteen Sixteen
E) Cannot be determined

Option C

## 5. Which is the code for Twenty Eighty?

A) H\$35 D#28
B) H\$35 D#35
C) H@35 D#35
D) H\$35 D\$35
E) Cannot be determined

Option B

Directions (6-10): Study the following information to answer the given questions:

In a certain code,
Jammu Haridwar Nanded Puri is written as H#12 %15L \$9N F@21,
Jaipur Hyderabad Rajouri Bengaluru is written as Z#24 \$18P F%24 H@15,
Majuli Udaipur Mysuru Kasaragod is written as K\$15 I%24 @18S K#15, and
Nagpur Palakkad Varanasi Gwalior is written as @15L E@18 %21N \$21T.

## 6. Which is the code for Chennai?

A) B\$18
B) A\$18
C) A\$20
D) A#18
E) Cannot be Determined

Option B
Observe all numbers are multiple of 3.
Number: (Number of letters in word 1) * 3
Observe 4 symbols are used and there are words ending in 4 letters only u , r, d, i
So u #, r @, d %, i \$
Alphabet: first letter of word 2. If the first letter represents number 13 (26/2) then alphabet written at
start, but if first letter represents number > 13 (26/2) then alphabet written at end
So
Jammu will be coded as:
J = 10 which is 13, J-2 => H, last letter u => #, and number of letters in 5 so (5-1) * 3 = 12
So H #12
Puri will be coded as:
P = 16 which is > 13, P-2 => N, last letter i => \$, and number of letters in 4 so (4-1) * 3 = 9
So H #12

## 7. What is the code for Sitapur Saharanpur ?

A) #27Q @20Q
B) @27Q #18Q
C) %30Q @18Q
D) @27Q @18Q
E) Cannot be determined

Option D

## 8. What could Z@12 D %24 stand for?

E) Cannot be determined

Option D

## 9. What is the code of Mangaluru Jaisalmer?

A) K@24 H@18
B) K#24 H@24
C) K#21 H\$24
D) K#27 H@24
E) Cannot be determined

Option B