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Checking the Spider Bushing on the Sandvik

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Cones - CH420, CH430 & CH440


What is the spider bushing?

The Spider bushing is located at in the top shell and is responsible for supporting
the top of the main shaft.

The figure below shows a section view of the crusher and an ISO section of the
cone body. The support from the spider bushing and inner eccentric can be
observed.

Figure 1 above taken from the CH430 maintenance manual

1. Spider cap

2. Spider bushing

3. Head nut

4. Mantle

5. Concave ring

6. Mainshaft with head centre


7. Eccentric wearing plate

8. Bottomshell bushing

9. Eccentric

10. Eccentric bushing

11. Step bearing

12. Hydroset piston

13. Pinionshaft housing

14. Pinionshaft

15. Dust collar

16. Locating bar

17. Dust seal ring

18. Bottomshell

19. Topshell

20. Filler ring

Why the spider bushing is important?

The Spider bushing has an hour glass figure and as such it has a very tight
clearance. Once the spider bushing no longer supports the main shaft, the bottom
of the main shaft exerts a large amount of force on inner eccentric bushing.

Figure 3 below shows the logic behind the step bushing and the inner eccentric
bushing. Imaging holding the bottom of the pencil securely and exerting a force as
per the red arrows. This would cause large stress to be exerted at the bottom of the
pencil. This is the same logic that applies when the spider bushing is worn.
Figure 3 taken from Sandvik training files

What can happen when the spider bushing is not maintained?

Burnt inner and outer eccentric bushing

Sized main shaft

Damaged main shaft and shaft sleeve

Damaged step bearings

Damaged locating bar

In other words, not maintaining this item will cause serious damage to internal
mechanical components of your cone crusher.

How do you measure the spider bushing clearance and what should the clearance
be?

Drop the main shaft to the bottom position

Stop the machine and implement a lockout procedure

Ensure the crushing chamber is clean and remove the spider cap

Use a clean bucket and collect the grease from the spider housing

Inspect the grease and replace if necessary


Mark the feeler gauge with the "L" length in table 1 below (use masking tape or a
small O-ring)

Insert the feeler gauge until it reaches the "L" length on the top of the spider bush
and check the clearance (start with a small feeler gauge and work upward). Check
clearance around the entire diameter

Inspect the spider bushing dust seal and replace if necessary

Inspect main shaft sleeve and spider bushing for abnormal wear

If clearance is correct then note it down in the log of the machine (best to keep a log
for history on the machine)

If the clearance is incorrect (exceeds "S" value in table 1 below) replace the spider
bushing and re-check the clearance. If the clearance is still incorrect then the main
shaft sleeve will need to be replaced

Inspect O-ring on spider cap and re-assemble

Check grease level in spider bushing and add if necessary

Figure 4 above show


s the correct grease level (dotted line) in the spider housing taken from Sandvik
training files

"S" is the maximum clearance value between the spider bushing and main shaft
sleeve at the fulcrum point.

"L" is the distance at which the "S" clearance must be measured to obtain the
fulcrum point.

Table 1:
CH420 S=1.6mm L=75mm
CH430 S=1.9mm L=103mm
CH440 S=2.1mm L=165mm

Figure 5 above shows the "L" and "S" measurements taken from Sandvik training files