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TUTORIAL

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

Part a

1) What is the respiratory system?

a) The body's breathing e) The body's food-processing


system system
b) f)
c) The body's system of g) The body's blood-
nerves transporting system
d)
h) 2) Air can enter the body and travel to the lungs ...

a) through the mouth and the e) through the windpipe and


nose the pores
b) f)
c) through the oesophagus and g) through the nose and the
gullet nervous system
d)
h) 3) What is the purpose of the little hairs inside the nose?

a) To fight disease. e) To keep dust out of the


b) lungs.
c) They serve no purpose. f)
d) g) To tickle the nose and cause
sneezes.
h) 4) What is another name for the windpipe?

a) Lungs e) Trachea
b) f)
c) Larynx g) Oesophagus
d) h)

i) 5) What happens to the windpipe, or trachea, before it reaches the


lungs?

a) It branches in two e) It vibrates and creates


directions. sounds.
b) f)
c) It branches in three g) It closes up so that no
directions. oxygen can escape
d)
h) .
i) 6) What important activity takes place in the lungs?

j)
a) Food is digested. c) Oxygen is EXCHANGED for
k) carbon dioxide.
b) LIQUID waste is filtered m)
from the blood. d) The trachea is EXCHANGED
l) for the larynx.
n)

o)

p)

q)

r) 7) Oxygen moves from the lungs into the bloodstream through ...

A. nerve fibres C. small blood vessels in the


s) lungs
B. a large artery in the heart u)
t) D. a tube in the lungs called
the jugular vein
v) 8) When we breathe in, we inhale many gases, including oxygen.
What happens to the gases that the body can't use?

a. They are exhaled. y)


w) d. They are absorbed
b. They are changed into into the digestive
oxygen by the lungs. system and used to
x) create energy.
c. They circulate through
the body and are
disposed of later.
z)

aa) 9) Which organ is made up of air-carrying tubes and tiny sacs?

a) The brain e) The stomach


b) f)
c) The lungs g) The diaphragm
d)
h)

i) 10 )What body structure protects the lungs from outside harm?

a) Cartilage e) The rib cage


b) f)
c) Tiny sacs g) The diaphragm
d) h)
i)

j)

k)

l) 11) After working outdoors in the garden, you come indoors and
blow your nose to find dirt in the mucus. What function of the
respiratory system is your nose performing?

a. causing an allergic b. adding moisture to


reaction the air
c. warming the air
d. filtering the air

e.

f. 12 )What connects the throat with the middle ear so that air
pressure can be equalized on the eardrum?

a. larynx passageways c. Eustachian tubes


b. tracheolas d. pharynx

e.

f. 13) What prevents food from going down the trachea?

a. tongue c. esophagus
b. glottis d. epiglottis

e.

f. 14) The large muscle involved in breathing that separates the


thoracic and abdominal cavities is the __________.

a. intercostal muscle c. bronchiolar muscle


b. breathing muscle d. diaphragm

e.

f. 15) Which of the following does NOT happen during inspiration?

g. A. The ribs move upward. dimensions of the thorax


B. The diaphragm lifts up. are increased.
C. The antero-posterior E. The scalene and
dimensions of the chest sternocleidomastoid
are increased. muscles can be recruited
D. The tranverse for inspiration.

h.
i.

j. 15) CONTRACTION of the intercostal muscles and diaphragm


cause the thoracic cavity to ____________ and the air pressure
in the lungs to _____________

a. expand; decrease c. expand; increase


b. CONTRACT; increase d. CONTRACT; decrease

e. 16) The amount of air that leaves the lungs under normal
conditions is called the __________.

a. tidal volume c. total lung capacity


b. residual volume d. vital capacity

e. 17) Which of the following best describes the vital capacity?

a. expiratory reserve reserve plus tidal


plus residual volume volume
b. inspiratory reserve c. tidal capacity plus
plus expiratory inspiratory capacity
d. total lung capacitY

e.

f. 18) The aortic and carotid bodies respond to changes in the


concentration of ______.

a. carbon dioxide c. hemoglobin


b. oxygen d. carbonic acid

e.

f. 19)Gas EXCHANGE in the lungs happens by the process of

a) osmosis. c) exocytosis.
b) diffusion. d) active transport

e) .

f) 20) Most oxygen in the blood is transported

a) as gas dissolved in plasma. c) as carboxyhemoglobin.


b) as oxyhemoglobin. d) as bicarbonate.

e) 21. The primary chemical stimulus for breathing is the concentration


of

a) carbon monoxide in the b) carbon dioxide in the blood.


blood. c) oxygen in the blood.
d) carbonic acid in the blood
e)

f) 22) The exchange of gases between blood and cells is called:

a) internal respiration d) pulmonary ventilation


b) internal ventilation
c) external respiration e)

f) 23. The horizontal separates __________.

g) 24. The lingula is found ______________.

h) 25. The space between visceral and parietal pleura Is known as


___________

i) m) 1. Describe structure of the


lung under the following
j)
structure
k) PART B
n) a. lobes and
l) bronchopulmonary segment

o) b. pleura

p) c. muscle of respiration