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Nama : Nial Zada Adrianto

NPM : 120110140010
Tugas Perilaku Organisasi

Kepemimpinan
1. Trait Approach
Leader is born
Leader vs Non Leader

Traits:
1. Opennes : Being curious, original, intellectual, creative, and open to new
ideas
2. Conscientiousness : Being organized, systematic, punctual, achievement-
oriented, dependable.
3. Extraversion : Being outgoing, talkative, sociable, and enjoying social
situation.
4. Agreeableness : Being affable, tolerant, sensitive, trusting, kind, and warm
5. Neuroticism : Being anxious, irritable, temperamental, and moody
2. Behavior Approach
Leader is made
Effective vs Non Effective Leader

Leadership Style :
1. Task Oriented : Pemimpin yg menekankan pada aspek teknis/tugas dari
pekerjaan
2. People Oriented : Pemimpin yg menekankan hubungan interpersonal kepada
bawahannya
Theories: A leader behavior is the best predictor of his leadership influences and as a
result, is the best determinant of his or her leadership success.

3. Contingency Approach
There is no best leadership style for all situation
Theories:
1. Fiedler Contingency Model
Teori yang menyatakan kelompok efektif bergantung pada kecocokan yang
tepat di antara gaya kepemimpinan dalam berinteraksi dengan para bawahan
dan seberapa besar situasi memberikan kendali dan oengaruh kepada
pemimpin.

2. Situational Leadership Theory


Teori kontingensi yang menitikberatkan pada kesiapan dari pengikutnya

3. Path-Goal Theory
Teori yang menyatakan bahwa merupakan tugas dari pemimpin untuk
membantu para pengikut dalam memperoleh tujuan-tujuan mereka dan untuk
menyediakan pengarahan dan atau dukungan untuk memastikan bahwa
tujuan-tujuan mereka sesuai dengan keseluruhan tujuan dari kelompok atau
organisasi
4. Transformational VS Transactional Leadership

A. Transformational Leadership
Visionary : The ability to create and articulate a realistic, credible, attractive version
of the future
Charismatic : Leaders able to influence their followers with their charisma
B. Transactional Leadership
Reward and Punishment
Avoids change, works to keep things the same
Concerned with processes over ideas

5. Contingency Factor
Technology : firm adapt their structure to the technology they use
Strategy : organizational structure follows strategy
Size : firms change from organic to mechanistic organizations as they
grow in size
Environment : dynamics environment requires organic structure;
mechanistic structure need stable environment

6. Mechanistic vs Organic Organization


A. Mechanistic Organization
- High specialization
- Rigid departmentilization
- Clear chain of command
- Narrows span of control
- Centralization
- High Formalization
B. Organic Organization
- Cross-functional teams
- Cross-hierarchial teams
- Free flow of information
- Wide span of control
- Decentralization
- Low Formalization
Mechanistic and Organic Organization Forms