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Quiz #9 ( ch 11)-Siyao Guan https://xlitemprod.pearsoncmg.

com/api/v1/print/math

Instructor: Nirmala Kashyap

Student: Siyao Guan
Course: Math 160 Elementary Statistics Assignment: Quiz #9 ( ch 11)
Submitted: 05/19/17 7:36am
Spring 2017 Grossmont

1. A certain statistics instructor participates in triathlons. The accompanying table lists times (in minutes and seconds) he
recorded while riding a bicycle for five laps through each mile of a 3-mile loop. Use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim
that it takes the same time to ride each of the miles. Does one of the miles appear to have a hill?
1
Click the icon to view the data table of the riding times.

Determine the null and alternative hypotheses.

H0 : 1= 2= 3

H1 : At least one of the three population means is different from the others.

What is the conclusion for this hypothesis test?

A. Reject H0 . There is insufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that the three
different miles have the same mean ride time.
B. Reject H0 . There is sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that the three different
miles have the same mean ride time.
C. Fail to reject H0 . There is insufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that the three
different miles have the same mean ride time.
D. Fail to reject H0 . There is sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that the three
different miles have the same mean ride time.

Does one of the miles appear to have a hill?

A. Yes, these data suggest that the third mile appears to take longer, and a reasonable
explanation is that it has a hill.
B. Yes, these data suggest that the third and first miles appear to take longer, and a reasonable
explanation is that they both have hills.
C. Yes, these data suggest that the second mile appears to take longer, and a reasonable
explanation is that it has a hill.
D. Yes, these data suggest that the first mile appears to take longer, and a reasonable
explanation is that it has a hill.
E. No, these data do not suggest that any of the miles have a hill.

Mile 1 3:16 3:25 3:23 3:21 3:21

Mile 2 3:18 3:23 3:21 3:18 3:20
Mile 3 3:33 3:30 3:30 3:30 3:28

(Note: when pasting the data into your technology, each mile row will have separate columns for each minute and second
entry. You will need to convert each minute/second entry into seconds only.)

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A.

2. The table below lists the frequency of wins for different post positions in a horse race. A post position of 1 is closest to the
inside rail, so that horse has the shortest distance to run. (Because the number of horses varies from year to year, only the
first 10 post positions are included.) Use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that the likelihood of winning is the same
for the different post positions. Based on the result, should bettors consider the post position of a horse race?

Post Position 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Wins 19 13 11 15 14 6 7 12 4 11

H0 : Wins occur with equal frequency in the different post positions.

H1 : At least one post position has a different frequency of wins than the others.

Calculate the test statistic, 2 .

2
= 16.393 (Round to three decimal places as needed.)

What is the conclusion for this hypothesis test?

A. Reject H0 . There is insufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that the likelihood of
winning is the same for the different post positions.
B. Fail to reject H0 . There is sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that the
likelihood of winning is the same for the different post positions..
C. Reject H0 . There is sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that the likelihood of
winning is the same for the different post positions.
D. Fail to reject H0 . There is insufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that the
likelihood of winning is the same for the different post positions.

Based on the result, should bettors consider the post position of a horse race?

No
Yes

YOU ANSWERED: Wins occur with all different frequency in the different post positions.

A.

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3. For a recent year, the following are the numbers of homicides that occurred each Full data set
month in a city. Use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that homicides in a city Month Number Month Number
are equally likely for each of the 12 months. Is there sufficient evidence to support the Jan. 38 July 46
police commissioner's claim that homicides occur more often in the summer when the Feb. 29 Aug. 49
weather is better? March 45 Sep. 49
April 41 Oct. 42
May 45 Nov. 38
June 50 Dec 38

H0 : Homicides occur with equal frequency in the different months.

H1 : At least one month has a different frequency of homicides than the others.

Calculate the test statistic, 2 .

2
= 9.671 (Round to three decimal places as needed.)

What is the conclusion for this hypothesis test?

A. Fail to reject H0 . There is sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that homicides in
a city are equally likely for each of the 12 months.
B. Fail to reject H0 . There is insufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that homicides
in a city are equally likely for each of the 12 months.
C. Reject H0 . There is sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that homicides in a city
are equally likely for each of the 12 months.
D. Reject H0 . There is insufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that homicides in a
city are equally likely for each of the 12 months.

Is there sufficient evidence to support the police commissioner's claim that homicides occur more often in the summer when
the weather is better?

A. There is sufficient evidence to support the police commissioner's claim that homicides occur
more often in the summer when the weather is better.
B. There is not sufficient evidence to support the police commissioner's claim that homicides
occur more often in the summer when the weather is better.

YOU ANSWERED: At least two months have a different frequency of homicides than the others.

Homicides occur with all different frequencies in the different months.

0.0000

A.

A.

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4. The table below includes results from polygraph (lie detector) experiments conducted by researchers. In each case, it was
known if the subjected lied or did not lie, so the table indicates when the polygraph test was correct. Use a 0.05 significance
level to test the claim that whether a subject lies is independent of the polygraph test indication. Do the results suggest that
polygraphs are effective in distinguishing between truth and lies?
2
Click the icon to view the table.

A. H0 : Whether a subject lies is not independent of the polygraph test indication.

H1 : Whether a subject lies is independent of the polygraph test indication.
B. H0 : Polygraph testing is accurate.
H1 : Polygraph testing is not accurate.
C. H0 : Polygraph testing is not accurate.
H1 : Polygraph testing is accurate.
D. H0 : Whether a subject lies is independent of the polygraph test indication.
H1 : Whether a subject lies is not independent of the polygraph test indication.

Determine the test statistic.

2
= 5.803 (Round to three decimal places as needed.)

P-value = 0.0160 (Round to four decimal places as needed.)

Do the results suggest that polygraphs are effective in distinguishing between truth and lies?
A. There is not sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that polygraph testing is 95%
accurate.
B. There is sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that whether a subject lies is
independent of the polygraph test indication.
C. There is not sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that whether a subject lies is
independent of the polygraph test indication.
D. There is sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that polygraph testing is 95%
accurate.

Did the Subject Actually Lie?
No (Did Not Lie) Yes (Lied)
Polygraph test indicated that the
8 24
subject lied.
Polygraph test indicated that the
16 13
subject did not lie.

A.

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5. The accompanying table shows results of challenged referee calls in a major tennis tournament. Use a 0.05 significance
level to test the claim that the gender of the tennis player is independent of whether a call is overturned.
3
Click the icon to view the table.

Determine the null and alternative hypotheses.

A. H0 : Male tennis players are more successful in overturning calls than female players.
H1 : Male tennis players are not more successful in overturning calls than female players.
B. H0 : The gender of the tennis player is independent of whether a call is overturned.
H1 : The gender of the tennis player is not independent of whether a call is overturned.
C. H0 : Male tennis players are not more successful in overturning calls than female players.
H1 : Male tennis players are more successful in overturning calls than female players.
D. H0 : The gender of the tennis player is not independent of whether a call is overturned.
H1 : The gender of the tennis player is independent of whether a call is overturned.

P-value = 0.0421 (Round to four decimal places as needed.)

Use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that the gender of the tennis player is independent of whether a call is
overturned. Choose the correct answer below.

A. There is not sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that the gender of the tennis
player is independent of whether a call is overturned.
B. There is sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that male tennis players are more
successful in overturning calls than female tennis players.
C. There is not sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that male tennis players are
more successful in overturning calls than female tennis players.
D. There is sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that the gender of the tennis
player is independent of whether a call is overturned.

Was the Challenge to the Call Successful?
Yes No
Men 357 585
Women 322 641

A.

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6. Weights (kg) of poplar trees were obtained from trees planted in a rich and moist region. The trees were given different
treatments identified in the accompanying table. Use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that the four treatment
categories yield poplar trees with the same mean weight. Is there a treatment that appears to be most effective?
4
Click the icon to view the data table of the poplar weights.

Determine the null and alternative hypotheses.

H0 : 1
= 2= 3= 4

H1 : At least one of the four population means is different from the others.

What is the conclusion for this hypothesis test?

A. Fail to reject H0 . There is sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that the four
different treatments yield the same mean poplar weight.
B. Reject H0 . There is sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that the four different
treatments yield the same mean poplar weight.
C. Fail to reject H0 . There is insufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that the four
different treatments yield the same mean poplar weight.
D. Reject H0 . There is insufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that the four different
treatments yield the same mean poplar weight.

A. The 'Fertilizer and Irrigation' method seems to be most effective.

B. The 'Fertilizer' method seems to be most effective.
C. No one treatment method seems to be most effective.
D. The 'Irrigation' method seems to be most effective.
E. The 'No Treatment' method seems to be most effective.

4: Poplar Weights (kg)

No Treatment Fertilizer Irrigation Fertilizer and Irrigation
1.14 0.84 0.08 0.89
0.56 0.77 0.54 1.59
0.64 0.48 0.13 1.19
0.08 0.54 0.85 1.59
1.37 1.06 0.98 1.22

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YOU ANSWERED: 1 2 3 4

A.

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