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Introduction inability to mix well with water.

Fat
molecule consists of two kinds of parts: a
Lipids are molecules that contain glycerol backbone and three fatty acid
hydrocarbons and make up the building tails.
blocks of the structure and function of
living cells. Lipids are not soluble in If there are only single bonds
water. They are non-polar and are thus between neighboring carbons in the
soluble in nonpolar environments like in hydrocarbon chain, a fatty acid is
chloroform but not soluble in polar saturated. When the hydrocarbon chain
environments like water. Lipids have double bond, the fatty acid is said to be
mainly hydrocarbons in their composition unsaturated, as it now has fewer
and are highly reduced forms of carbon. hydrogen. If there is just one double bond
When metabolized, lipids are oxidized to in a fatty acid its monounsaturated, while
release large amounts of energy and thus if there are multiple double bonds, its
are useful to living organisms.(Mandal, polyunsaturated. Trans fats are rare in
2015) nature, but are readily produced in an
industrial procedure called partial
Non-hydrolysable lipids lack such hydrogenation.
functional groups and include steroids
and fat-soluble vitamins Fats and oils are Waxes are another biologically
composed of triacylglycerol or important category of lipids. Its
triglycerides. The lipids are a large and hydrophobic (water-repelling) properties
diverse group of naturally occurring prevent water from sticking to, or soaking
organic compounds that are related by into, the surface.. Structurally, waxes
their solubility in nonpolar organic typically contain long fatty acid chains
solvents (e.g. ether, chloroform, acetone & connected to alcohols by ester linkages.
benzene) and general insolubility in
water. Specialized lipids called
Some of the most important types of phospholipids are major components of
lipids include fats and oils, waxes, the plasma membrane. Like fats, they are
phospholipids, and steroids. typically composed of fatty acid chains
attached to a backbone of glycerol.
The different varieties of lipids Instead having three fatty acid tails,
have different structures, and however, phospholipids generally have
correspondingly diverse roles in just two, and a modified phosphate group
organisms. For instance, lipids store occupies the third carbon of the glycerol
energy, provide insulation, make up cell backbone.
membranes, form water-repellent layers
on leaves, and provide building blocks for Steroids are another class of lipid
hormones like testosterone. molecules, identifiable by their structure
of four fused rings. Steroids are included
Fats are just one type of lipid, a in lipid category because they are also
category of molecules united by their hydrophobic and insoluble in water. All
steroids have four linked carbon rings https://www.khanacademy.org/science/
and several of them, like cholesterol, also biology/macromolecules/lipids/a/lipids
have a short tail.
(n.d.). Retrieved May 08, 2017, from
Cholesterol, the most common https://www2.chemistry.msu.edu/faculty
steroid, is mainly synthesized in the liver /reusch/virttxtjml/lipids.htm
and is the precursor to many steroid
hormones. Its also a key component of (2006).Lipids Retrieved May 08, 2017,
cell membranes, altering their fluidity and from
dynamics. http://www.chem.ucla.edu/~harding/no
tes/notes_14C_lipids.pdf
Resources:
Mandal, M. D. (2012, October 09). What
are Lipids? Retrieved May 08, 2017, from