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DRUM MOTORS FOR CONVEYOR BELTS

Free Body Diagram (Drum motor with shaft cap)


Nomenclature

Terminal box (Stainless steel)

1
OVERVIEW OF STANDARD ASYNCHRONOUS DRUM MOTORS
Diameter 81.5 mm
Drum material: Stainless steel
Gear material: Techno-polymer
Rated power: 0.025 to 0.110 kW
Rated torque: 3.4 to 21.4 N/m
Belt pull: 84 to 525 N
Velocity of the shell: 0.049 to 0.913 m/s
Shell length = 260 to 952 mm
Type: friction drive belt

Other Assumptions:
Rated Power= 0.04 kW
Motor number of poles = 4
Gear stages = 3
Gear ratio= 78.55
v= 0.072 m/s
Rated revolutions of the drum shell= 16.8
Rated torque of drum = 19.5 N/m
Rated belt pull of drum motor = 479 N
Minimum shell length= 295 mm
Approximate weight = 602 kg

2
Design Load Calculations
Belt pull calculation
F = Belt pull [N]. F = F0 + F1 + F2 + F3
The belt pull [N] for the drum motors is shown in the respective tables
Pn = Belt weight per linear meter [kg/m] = 1.5 kg/m
Pm1 = Weight of the conveyed product on the load section, for each meter of length of the belt
conveyor [kg/m] = 5 kg/m
Pm2 = Weight of the conveyed product on the return section, for each meter of length of the
belt conveyor [kg/m] =2.5 kg/m
C1 = Coefficient of friction between product and belt carrying side
C2 = Coefficient of friction between belt carrying side and slider bed
C3 = Coefficient of friction between return belt and product
C4 = Coefficient of friction between return belt side and slider bed
L = Centre-to-centre length [m] = 10 m
H = Height difference in conveyor [m] =0 to 5 m
F0F3 = Force components for shown operating conditions [N]

Assumptions:
C2 and C4 = 0.33
C1 and C3 = 0.13

3
Force without load
Coefficients of friction:

0 = 10. . . (2 + 4 ) = 10 10 (0.33 + 0.33) = 66

Force to convey materials horizontally

1 = 10. . (1 . 2 + 2 . 4 ) = 10 10 (5 0.33 + 2.5 0.33) = 247.5

4
Force to convey materials on incline

2 = 10. . (1 2 ) = 10 5 (5 2.5) = 125

Accumulation

3 = 10. . (1 . 1 + 2 . 3 ) = 10 10 (5 0.13 + 2.5 0.13) = 97.5


F = Belt pull [N]. F = F0 + F1 + F2 + F3 = 66+247.5+125+97.5
F= 536 N
= = = .
Minimum Drive drum diameter:
b0 = belt width = 27.167 mm
1 1
1 , > 1
0 0
69.68
= . > = 0.13
27.167
Hence, the next stronger type must be used

5
For = Arc of contact at drive drum and idler =1800
3 180 536 0.13 180
= = = 81.5
0 0.855 180
Power at Drive drum
. 536 0.072
= = = 0.038 = 0.04
1000 1000
Motor Power
For efficiency==80%
0.04
= = = 0.05
0.8
Shaft load at drum 1:
F1= 69.68 N
F= 536 N
=1800
2 = 2 1 = 2 69.68
= .
Shaft Load at drum 2:
1 = 2 2 = 2( 1 ) = 2 (536 69.68)
= .
Loads and Moments:

6
Bending moment

F = Total resultant belt pull on the pulley = 536 N


B = Bearing center distance = 460 mm
L = Center to center distance between disk = 1020 mm
D = Disc outer diameter = 81.5 mm
I = Moment of inertia of shaft = (1/12)*b*h3=mm4= 1.84 E-6

7
t = Drum thickness
= 20 mm
= Disc constant = 6.6
= Disc constants

( )
=
1 1
8 (2 + 3 )

536(1.02 0.46)1.02
=
1
8 1.84 106 (0.5 1.02 + )
6.6 0.023
Bending moment= 1098.16 Nm

References:
1. http://www.interroll.com
2. https://forbo.blob.core.windows.net/forbodocuments/7375/304_fms_transilon-
calculation-methods-conveyor-belts_en.pdf
3. http://belt174.com/files/misc/konvejernyelentytransilon.metodyrascheta.(304_e).pdf
4. http://m.littelfuse.com/~/media/files/littelfuse/technical-resources/documents/technical-
articles/conveyor-belt-drives.pdf
5. http://www.cemanet.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/bb5thed_chapter-61.pdf