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Maths Quest Maths B Year 12 for Queensland Chapter 3 Exponential and logarithmic functions WorkSHEET 3.

2 1

WorkSHEET 3.2 Exponential and logarithmic functions


Name: ____________________________

1 Solve for x in each of the following: (a) log 5 2 x 1 2


(a) log 5 2 x 1 2 2x 1 52
2 x 1 25
(b) log 3 x 2 log 3 6 3 log 3 4 3 2 x 26
x 13

(b) log 3 x 2 log 3 6 3 log 3 4 3

log 3 x log 3 6 2 log 3 4 3 3


36 x
log 3 3
64
36 x 3
3
64
27 64
x
36
x 48

2 Solve for x in each of the following: (a) log x 144 log x 16 2


(a) log x 144 log x 16 2 144
log x 2
16
(b) log 7 x 4 log 7 x 2 1 9 x2
x3
is the only possible solution

(b) log 7 x 4 log 7 x 2 1


log 7 x 4 x 2 1
x 4 x 2 71
x 2 2x 8 7
x 2 2 x 15 0
x 5 x 3 0
x5
is the only possible solution. The
logarithm of a negative number is not
possible.
Maths Quest Maths B Year 12 for Queensland Chapter 3 Exponential and logarithmic functions WorkSHEET 3.2 2

3 Solve for x in each of the following: (a) log 2 x 2 12 log 2 x 32 0


(a) log 2 x 2 12 log 2 x 32 0 let a log 2 x
a 2 12a 32 0
(b)
4 log 2 x
3 a 4 a 8 0
log 2 16 a 4 or a 8
log 2 x 4 or log 2 x 8
x 2 4 or x 2 8
x 16 or x 256
4 log 2 x
(b) 3
log 2 16
4 log 2 x 3 log 2 16
3
log 2 x log 2 16
4


3
4 4
log 2 x log 2 2
log 2 x log 2 2 3
x 8

4 Solve for x in each of the following. Where 1


(a) e1 2 x
necessary, give answers exact to three decimal e 3x
places. e1 2 x e 3 x
1
(a) e1 2 x 1 2 x 3 x
e 3x x 1

(b) 3e x 2 (b) 3e x 2
2
ex
3
2
log e e x log e
3
2
x log e
3
x 0.405
Maths Quest Maths B Year 12 for Queensland Chapter 3 Exponential and logarithmic functions WorkSHEET 3.2 3

5 Solve for x in each of the following. Give (a) e x 6 5e x 0 multiply b.s. by e


x

answers exact to three decimal places. e 2 x 6e x 5 0


(a) e x 6 5e x 0 e 5e 1 0
x x

e x 5 or e x 1
(b) e 5x 3
x log e 5 or x log e1
x 1.609 or x 0

(b) e5 x 3 take log e of b.s.


log e e 5 x log e 3
5 x log e 3
5 log e 3 x
x 3.901

6 If N N 0e kt and N = 1000 when t = 2, and N N 0 e kt


N = 2000 when t = 5, find values, correct to 1000 N 0 e 2 k 1
two decimal places, for N 0 and k. 2000 N 0 e 5 k
2
2 e 3 k 2 1
log e 2 3k
1
k log e 2 0.23
3
1
2 loge 2
1000 N 0 e 3
1
2 loge 2
N0 1000e 3 629.96

7 Solve the following by giving exact values (a) log e 2 x 1 2


for x: 2 x 1 e 2
(a) log e 2 x 1 2 2 x e 2 1

(b) log e 3 x log e 4 log e 6


1

x e 2 1
2

(b) log e 3x log e 4 log e 6
3x
log e log e 6
4
3x
6
4
3x 24
x 8
Maths Quest Maths B Year 12 for Queensland Chapter 3 Exponential and logarithmic functions WorkSHEET 3.2 4

8 Solve for x: log e x 3 log e x 4 log e 6


log e x 3 log e x 4 log e 6 log e x 3 x 4 log e 6
x 2 7 x 12 6
x2 7x 6 0
x 6 x 1 0
x 6 or x 1
Only x = 6 is a possible solution as x = 1 leads
to an impossible logarithm.

9 Express y in terms of x in: 4 log e 2 x 1 log e y


4 log e 2 x 1 log e y 1

loge 2 x log e y 1
4 2

loge
2x 4 1
1

y 2

2x 4

e1
1

y 2

2 x 4 ey 2
2 x 4 y 12
e
2x8 y
e2

10 The population of tadpoles in a pond is given P t 300e 0.2t


by: P t 300e 0.2t where t is the time (a) when t = 0, P(t) = 300
measured in weeks.
(a) How many tadpoles were initially in the (b) when t = 10, P t 300e 2 2217
pond?
(b) How many tadpoles were in the pond (c) when P(t) > 1000,
after 10 weeks? 300e 0.2t 1000
1000
(c) After what period of time will the e 0.2t
population exceed 1000 tadpoles? 300
10
0.2t log e
3
10
t 5 log e
3
t 6 weeks