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LAMPIRAN II

PERHITUNGAN NERACA PANAS

Bahan baku : Etilena dan n-butena


Produk : Propilena
Kapasitas produksi : 240.000 ton/tahun
Lama operasi 1 tahun : 300 hari
Basis perhitungan : 1 jam operasi
Temperatur referensi : 25oC

Panas yang dihitung pada neraca panas ini, meliputi :


Panas sensibel, yang dihitung apabila terjadi perubahan temperatur.
Q = n.Cp .T
dengan :
T = T - To
Q : Panas sensibel yang dihasilkan/dikeluarkan, kJ.
Cp : Kapasitas panas, kJ/kmol.K.
n : Mol senyawa, kmol.
To : Temperatur referensi, 25 oC.
T : Temperatur senyawa, oC.
Harga A, B, C, dan D untuk masing-masing senyawa pada fase liquid dapat dilihat
pada tabel berikut:
Kapasitas Panas
Senyawa
A B C D
1-Butena 74,5970 0,3343 -1,3914,E-03 3,0241,E-06
n-Butana 62,8730 0,5891 -2,3588,E-03 4,2257,E-06
Cis-2-Butena 58,8990 0,5038 -1,9765,E-03 3,5035,E-06
Trans-2-Butena 36,1620 0,7974 -3,0674,E-03 4,8919,E-06
Etena 25,5970 0,5708 -3,3620,E-03 8,4120,E-06
Etana 38,3320 0,4101 -2,3024,E-03 5,9347,E-06
Propena 54,718 3,45E-01 -1,6315,E-03 3,8755,E-06
Cis-2-Pentena 80,4450 4,95E-01 -1,8139,E-03 3,2037,E-06
Trans-2-Pentena 81,5280 5,21E-01 -1,9000,E-03 3,2213,E-06
(sumber: Yaws Chemical Properties Handbook,Table 3 )
Harga A, B, C, D, dan E untuk masing-masing senyawa pada fase gas dapat dilihat
pada tabel berikut:
Kapasitas Panas
Senyawa
A B C D E
1-Butena 24,9150 0,20648 5,9828,E-05 -1,4166,E-07 4,7053,E-11
n-Butana 20,0560 0,28153 -1,3143,E-05 -9,4571,E-08 3,4149,E-11
Cis-2-Butena 29,1370 0,14008 1,9109,E-04 -2,3717,E-07 7,0962,E-11
Trans-2-Butena 40,3120 0,13472 1,6877,E-04 -2,1140,E-07 6,3263,E-11
Etena 32,0830 -0,014831 2,4774,E-04 -2,3766,E-07 6,8274,E-11
Etana 28,1460 0,043447 1,8946,E-04 -1,9082,E-07 5,3349,E-11
Propena 31,298 0,072449 1,9481,E-04 -2,1582,E-07 6,2974,E-11
Cis-2-Pentena 24,7290 0,25447 1,1355,E-04 -2,1629,E-07 7,0502,E-11
Trans-2-Pentena 38,8590 0,22159 1,3722,E-04 -2,1992,E-07 6,9261,E-11
(sumber: Yaws Chemical Properties Handbook,Table 2 )
Panas laten, yang dihitung apabila terdapat perubahan fase.
Q = n.Hv
dengan : Q : Panas laten senyawa, kJ.
n : Mol senyawa, kmol.
Hv : Panas penguapan, kJ/kmol.
Menghitung panas laten pada temperatur tertentu dihitung dengan
menggunakan persamaan :
0 , 38
T T2
Hv2 = Hv1 c ...............(Eq. 8.4.8, Felder&Rousseau,3thedition)
Tc Tb
dengan : Hv2 = Panas laten pada temperatur T2
Hv1 = Panas laten pada temperatur boiling point Tb
Tb = Normal Boiling Temperature
Tc = Tempratur Kritis
T2 = Temparatur operasi alat

Panas reaksi, untuk menghitung panas yang dihasilkan dari reaksi kimia di
reaktor.
HR 298,15 K = Hf produk Hf reaktan

dengan : Hf = Panas pembentukan suatu senyawa pada 25oC, kJ/kmol.

Untuk kondisi temperatur reaksi bukan pada 25 oC, panas reaksi dihitung
dengan menggunakan rumus :

HR = HR298,15K + n CpdT n CpdT


produk reak tan

komponen Hv (KJ/Kmol) Tbp (oC) Tc (K)


1-C4H8 21930 266,85 419,6
C4H10 22408 272,65 425,2
c-C4H8 23362 276,85 435,6
t-C4H8 22772 273,95 428,6
C2H4 13553 169,35 282,4
C2H6 14717 184,45 305,4
C3H6 18422 225,35 365
c-2-C5H10 26126 310,05 476
t-2-C5H10 26084 309,45 475

1. Mix Point01 (MP-01)


Fungsi : Sebagai titik pencampuran aliran fresh etilen dari T-01 dengan
fresh 1-butena dari T-02
Gambar :
2

1 3

Keterangan :
Q1 = Aliran panas fresh ethylene dari Tangki-01
Q2 = Aliran panas fresh 1-butene dari Tangki-02
Q3 = Aliran panas output MP-01

Panas yang dibawa Aliran panas fresh ethylene dari Tangki-01 pada T = 30oC
Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q1 (kJ)
1-C4H8 0,0000 129,7534 0,0000
C4H10 0,0000 105,9463 0,0000
c-C4H8 0,0000 150,2988 0,0000
t-C4H8 0,0000 207,3507 0,0000
C2H4 633,2371 163,4413 103497,1251
C2H6 0,4926 5793,8353 2853,8471
C3H6 0,0000 160,5706 0,0000
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 129,4323 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 201,0687 0,0000
Total 633,7297 106350,9722

Panas Aliran panas fresh 1-butene dari Tangki-02pada T = 30 oC


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q2 (kJ)
1-C4H8 495,2481 129,7534 64260,1050
C4H10 4,8290 105,9463 511,6149
c-C4H8 0,0000 150,2988 0,0000
t-C4H8 0,0000 207,3507 0,0000
C2H4 0,0000 163,4413 0,0000
C2H6 0,0000 5793,8353 0,0000
C3H6 0,0000 160,5706 0,0000
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 129,4323 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 201,0687 0,0000
Total 500,0771 64771,7199
Panas keluar MP-01 menuju HE-01 pada T = 30oC
Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q3 (kJ)
1-C4H8 495,2481 129,7534 64260,1050
C4H10 4,8290 105,9463 511,6149
c-C4H8 0,0000 150,2988 0,0000
t-C4H8 0,0000 207,3507 0,0000
C2H4 633,2371 163,4413 103497,1251
C2H6 0,4926 5793,8353 2853,8471
C3H6 0,0000 160,5706 0,0000
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 129,4323 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 201,0687 0,0000
Total 1133,8068 171122,6921

Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Mix Point-01 (MP-01):

Neraca Panas Mix Point 01 (MP-01)


Panas Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q1 106350,9722 -
Q2 64771,7199 -
Q3 - 171122,6921
Total 171122,6921 171122,6921

2. Mix Point02 (MP-02)


Fungsi : Sebagai titik pencampuran aliran gas KOD-01 dan gas KOD-02
Gambar :
57

28 30

Keterangan :
Q28 = Aliran panas gas KOD-01
Q57 = Aliran panas gas KOD-02
Q30 = Aliran panas output MP-02
Panas yang dibawa aliran gas KOD-01 pada T = 151,2452 oC
Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q28 (kJ)
1-C4H8 39,1184 4826,7861 188816,0643
C4H10 3,9272 4766,3884 18718,3509
c-C4H8 43,5187 4833,3784 210342,4213
t-C4H8 62,6305 6268,9076 392624,7678
C2H4 0,0000 4087,0121 0,0000
C2H6 0,0000 3471420,3765 0,0000
C3H6 0,2568 4650,2347 1194,1129
c-2-C5H10 8,4993 5218,4729 44353,5509
t-2-C5H10 9,1202 6756,9713 61625,0371
Total 167,0711 917674,3052

Panas Aliran panas gas KOD-02 pada T = -8,6228 oC


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q57 (kJ)
1-C4H8 0,0000 955,0921 0,0000
C4H10 0,0000 833,2763 0,0000
c-C4H8 0,0000 1055,5408 0,0000
t-C4H8 0,0000 1433,6237 0,0000
C2H4 523,1040 1073,4007 561500,1514
C2H6 0,3978 246531,2784 98074,8897
C3H6 0,0908 1095,6778 99,5373
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 976,6667 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 1433,4703 0,0000
Total 523,5926 659674,5784

Panas keluar MP-02 menuju HE-02 pada T = 81,6786 oC


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q30 (kJ)
1-C4H8 39,1184 1746,9430 68337,5821
C4H10 3,9272 1587,9090 6235,9666
c-C4H8 43,5187 1871,3754 81439,8543
t-C4H8 62,6305 2510,9220 157260,2830
C2H4 523,1040 1809,0268 946309,0673
C2H6 0,3978 699464,6567 278260,5092
C3H6 0,3476 1901,5691 661,0443
c-2-C5H10 8,4993 1816,6829 15440,5972
t-2-C5H10 9,1202 2566,1651 23403,9798
Total 690,6637 1577348,8837

Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Mix Point-02 (MP-02):

Neraca Panas Mix Point 02 (MP-02)


Panas Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q28 917674,3052 -
Q57 659674,5784 -
Q30 - 1577348,8837
Total 1577348,8837 1577348,8837

3. Mix Point03 (MP-03)


Fungsi : Sebagai titik pencampuran aliran top product DC-01 dan top
product DC-03
Gambar :
57

55 58

Keterangan :
Q55 = Aliran panas top product DC-01
Q57 = Aliran panas top product DC-03
Q58 = Aliran panas output MP-03
Panas yang dibawa aliran top product DC-01 pada T = -17,795 oC
Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q55 (kJ)
1-C4H8 0,0000 -877,2976 -0,0001
C4H10 0,0000 -599,4342 0,0000
c-C4H8 0,0000 -1130,6016 0,0000
t-C4H8 0,0000 -1602,8885 0,0000
C2H4 367,8107 -1389,9275 -511230,1593
C2H6 0,4792 394782,8807 189194,0859
C3H6 0,2784 -1275,4707 -355,0468
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 -827,0001 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 -1460,8654 0,0000
Total 368,5683 -322391,1203

Panas Aliran panas top product DC-03 pada T = -17,9430 oC


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q57 (kJ)
1-C4H8 0,0000 -881,3147 0,0000
C4H10 0,0000 -601,4144 0,0000
c-C4H8 0,0000 -1136,5378 0,0000
t-C4H8 0,0000 -1611,5362 0,0000
C2H4 405,6376 -1398,1589 -567145,7490
C2H6 0,2375 399389,4962 94852,9628
C3H6 0,1179 -1282,5561 -151,2749
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 -830,4866 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 -1468,2160 0,0000
Total 405,9930 -472444,0611

Panas keluar MP-03 menuju VP-02 pada T = -17,8764 oC


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q58 (kJ)
1-C4H8 0,0000 -880,2374 -0,0001
C4H10 0,0000 -600,8844 0,0000
c-C4H8 0,0000 -1134,9447 0,0000
t-C4H8 0,0000 -1609,2151 0,0000
C2H4 773,4482 -1395,9486 -1079694,0076
C2H6 0,7167 398150,0667 285366,3666
C3H6 0,3963 -1280,6541 -507,5403
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 -829,5520 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 -1466,2438 0,0000
Total 774,5613 -794835,1814

Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Mix Point-03 (MP-03):

Neraca Panas Mix Point 03 (MP-03)


Panas Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q55 -322391,1203 -
Q57 -472444,0611 -
Q58 - -794835,1814
Total -794835,1814 -794835,1814

4. Mix Point04 (MP-04)


Fungsi : Sebagai titik pencampuran aliran top product DC-02 dan top
product DC-04
Gambar :
50

23 59

Keterangan :
Q23 = Aliran panas top product DC-02
Q50 = Aliran panas top product DC-04
Q59 = Aliran panas output MP-04
Panas yang dibawa aliran top product DC-02 pada T = 145,3500 oC
Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q23 (kJ)
1-C4H8 0,0234 4525,8925 106,0061
C4H10 0,0002 4445,5331 0,9075
c-C4H8 0,0008 4552,3554 3,7346
t-C4H8 0,0027 5920,3587 16,2177
C2H4 0,1840 3888,9615 715,5586
C2H6 0,0133 3155180,1462 42059,6792
C3H6 556,1741 4397,8366 2445962,6709
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 4879,6784 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 6356,7127 0,0000
Total 556,3986 2488864,7747

Panas Aliran panas top product DC-04 pada T = 66,0350 oC


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q50 (kJ)
1-C4H8 0,0024 1197,4412 2,8450
C4H10 0,0002 1059,6591 0,1788
c-C4H8 0,0001 1309,3906 0,1713
t-C4H8 0,0004 1771,3673 0,7825
C2H4 0,2029 1309,5784 265,7400
C2H6 0,0066 366954,9664 2438,1471
C3H6 235,6601 1349,6463 318057,7940
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 1231,4655 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 1784,1498 0,0000
Total 235,8728 320765,6587

Panas keluar MP-04 menuju T-03 pada T = 123,5467 oC


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q59 (kJ)
1-C4H8 0,0258 3473,3474 89,6056
C4H10 0,0004 3337,1275 1,2443
c-C4H8 0,0010 3558,4890 3,3847
t-C4H8 0,0032 4675,7523 14,8740
C2H4 0,3869 3163,2145 1223,9033
C2H6 0,0200 2112498,3386 42196,3631
C3H6 791,8342 3493,2832 2766101,0584
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 3703,8545 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 4944,1265 0,0000
Total 792,2714 2809630,4334

Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Mix Point-04 (MP-04):


Neraca Panas Mix Point 04 (MP-04)
Panas Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q23 2488864,7747 -
Q50 320765,6587 -
Q59 - 2809630,4334
Total 2809630,4334 2809630,4334

5. Mix Point05 (MP-05)


Fungsi : Sebagai titik pencampuran aliran bottom product KOD-01 dan
bottom product DC-04
Gambar :
53

23 54

Keterangan :
Q29 = Aliran panas bottom product KOD-01
Q53 = Aliran panas bottom product DC-04
Q54 = Aliran panas output MP-05
Panas yang dibawa aliran bottom product KOD-01 pada T = 151,2452 oC
Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q29 (kJ)
1-C4H8 7,7025 4826,7861 37178,3120
C4H10 0,9016 4766,3884 4297,5753
c-C4H8 10,2904 4833,3784 49737,2976
t-C4H8 14,2268 6268,9076 89186,2022
C2H4 0,0000 4087,0121 0,0000
C2H6 0,0000 3471420,3765 0,0000
C3H6 0,0214 4650,2347 99,7040
c-2-C5H10 4,2038 5218,4729 21937,2313
t-2-C5H10 4,4224 6756,9713 29882,1096
Total 41,7689 232318,4322
Panas Aliran panas bottom product DC-04 pada T = 157,1850 oC
Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q53 (kJ)
1-C4H8 4,7494 5132,2180 24375,2039
C4H10 3,9270 5093,6104 20002,5431
c-C4H8 8,7340 5117,4979 44696,0756
t-C4H8 12,4750 6619,9233 82583,5948
C2H4 0,0000 4284,4639 0,0000
C2H6 0,0000 3799572,0397 0,0000
C3H6 0,1179 4904,0891 578,1382
c-2-C5H10 8,9937 5563,4450 50035,8724
t-2-C5H10 9,6472 7161,9010 69092,5529
Total 48,6442 291363,9810

Panas keluar MP-05 menuju T-04 pada T = 154,5511 oC


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q54 (kJ)
1-C4H8 12,4519 4993,5517 62179,4390
C4H10 4,8286 4944,8692 23876,9393
c-C4H8 19,0243 4988,6422 94905,6757
t-C4H8 26,7018 6460,8953 172517,2831
C2H4 0,0000 4195,2478 0,0000
C2H6 0,0000 3649732,4815 0,0000
C3H6 0,1393 4789,1188 667,2662
c-2-C5H10 13,1974 5406,6983 71354,6290
t-2-C5H10 14,0696 6978,2257 98181,1808
Total 90,4131 523682,4132

Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Mix Point-05 (MP-05):

Neraca Panas Mix Point 05 (MP-05)


Panas Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q29 232318,4322
Q53 291363,9810
Q54 523682,4132
Total 523682,4132 523682,4132
6. Heat Exchanger 01 (HE-01)
Fungsi : Sebagai tempat pertukaran panas antara fluida output R-01 dan
fluida output MX-01,
Gambar :
6

3 4

7
Keterangan:
Q3 = Aliran panas output MX-01
Q6 = Aliran panas output R-01
Q4 = Aliran panas output HE-01 menuju F-01
Q7 = Aliran panas output HE-01 menuju C-01
Panas yang dibawa fluida dingin masuk HE-01
Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q3 (kJ)
1-C4H8 495,2481 129,7534 64260,1050
C4H10 4,8290 105,9463 511,6149
c-C4H8 0,0000 150,2988 0,0000
t-C4H8 0,0000 207,3507 0,0000
C2H4 633,2371 163,4413 103497,1251
C2H6 0,4926 5793,8353 2853,8471
C3H6 0,0000 160,5706 0,0000
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 129,4323 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 201,0687 0,0000
Total 1133,8068 171122,6921

Panas yang dibawa fluida panas masuk HE-01


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q6 (kJ)
1-C4H8 46,8443 14883,1274 697189,7278
C4H10 4,8290 15945,1675 76999,2455
c-C4H8 53,8099 13939,2358 750069,1032
t-C4H8 76,8600 17067,5058 1311808,2373
C2H4 367,9947 9661,1068 3555235,8548
C2H6 0,4926 16437194,3664 8096405,5126
C3H6 556,7307 12408,1400 6907991,9526
c-2-C5H10 12,7031 16922,7120 214970,9014
t-2-C5H10 13,5426 19723,6938 267110,6423
Total 1133,8068 21877781,1776

Panas yang dibawa fluida dingin keluar HE-01 menuju F-01


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) 46 (kJ)
1-C4H8 495,2481 4367,7124 2163101,3938
C4H10 4,8290 4277,5049 20656,0799
c-C4H8 0,0000 4404,1305 0,0000
t-C4H8 0,0000 5735,9497 0,0000
C2H4 633,2371 3783,3266 2395742,9328
C2H6 0,4926 2991915,3250 1473716,2067
C3H6 0,0000 4264,1537 0,0000
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 4702,0159 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 6145,7196 0,0000
Total 1133,8068 6053216,6132

Panas yang dibawa fluida panas keluar HE-01 Menuju C-01


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q7 (kJ)
1-C4H8 46,8443 10970,9285 513925,4955
C4H10 4,8290 11530,8486 55682,4909
c-C4H8 53,8099 10429,1034 561189,1767
t-C4H8 76,8600 12991,6080 998534,7930
C2H4 367,9947 7638,8289 2811048,3706
C2H6 0,4926 11002757,0722 5419585,6681
C3H6 556,7307 9483,6071 5279814,8221
c-2-C5H10 12,7031 12304,4949 156305,2281
t-2-C5H10 13,5426 14738,7358 199601,2115
Total 1133,8068 15995687,2566

Neraca Panas Heat Exchanger 01 (HE-01)


Panas Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q3 171122,6921 -
Q6 21877781,1776 -
Q4 - 6053216,6132
Q7 - 15995687,2566
Total 22048903,8697 22048903,8697

7. Heat Exchanger 02 (HE-02)


Fungsi : Sebagai tempat pertukaran panas antara fluida output R-02 dan
fluida output MX-02,
Gambar :
33

30 31

34
Keterangan:
Q30 = Aliran panas output MX-02
Q33 = Aliran panas output R-02
Q31 = Aliran panas output HE-01 menuju F-02
Q34 = Aliran panas output HE-01 menuju C-02
Panas yang dibawa fluida dingin masuk HE-02
Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q30 (kJ)
1-C4H8 39,1184 1746,9430 68337,5821
C4H10 3,9272 1587,9090 6235,9666
c-C4H8 43,5187 1871,3754 81439,8543
t-C4H8 62,6305 2510,9220 157260,2830
C2H4 523,1040 1809,0268 946309,0673
C2H6 0,3978 699464,6567 278260,5092
C3H6 0,3476 1901,5691 661,0443
c-2-C5H10 8,4993 1816,6829 15440,5972
t-2-C5H10 9,1202 2566,1651 23403,9798
Total 690,6637 1577348,8837

Panas yang dibawa fluida panas masuk HE-02


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q33 (kJ)
1-C4H8 4,7518 14883,1274 70722,0044
C4H10 3,9272 15945,1675 62619,1602
c-C4H8 8,7341 13939,2358 121746,6974
t-C4H8 12,4754 17067,5058 212924,8090
C2H4 405,8405 9661,1068 3920868,2154
C2H6 0,2441 16437194,3664 4012962,7243
C3H6 235,8960 12408,1400 2927029,9678
c-2-C5H10 8,9937 16922,7120 152197,5432
t-2-C5H10 9,6472 19723,6938 190279,1382
Total 690,5100 11671350,2600

Panas yang dibawa fluida dingin keluar HE-02 menuju F-02


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q31 (kJ)
1-C4H8 39,1184 6782,6342 265325,6768
C4H10 3,9272 6883,5369 27032,7233
c-C4H8 43,5187 6637,2420 288844,2494
t-C4H8 62,6305 8476,5924 530893,1518
C2H4 523,1040 5300,6223 2772776,4612
C2H6 0,3978 5678138,1252 2258872,6833
C3H6 0,3476 6242,6168 2170,1269
c-2-C5H10 8,4993 7443,6483 63266,0632
t-2-C5H10 9,1202 9330,4314 85095,5487
Total 690,6637 6294276,6847
Panas yang dibawa fluida panas keluar HE-02 Menuju C-02
Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q34 (kJ)
1-C4H8 4,7518 8808,8747 41858,2234
C4H10 3,9272 9117,6565 35806,4595
c-C4H8 8,7341 8479,3480 74059,4843
t-C4H8 12,4754 10687,8389 133335,5959
C2H4 405,8405 6463,8208 2623280,1525
C2H6 0,2441 8173183,5733 1995394,1218
C3H6 235,8960 7831,1405 1847334,3215
c-2-C5H10 8,9937 9781,9040 87975,3642
t-2-C5H10 9,6472 11959,7707 115378,7358
Total 690,5100 6954422,4590

Neraca Panas Heat Exchanger 02 (HE-02)


Panas Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q30 1577348,8837 -
Q33 11671350,2600 -
Q31 - 6294276,6847
Q34 - 6954422,4590
Total 13248699,1437 13248699,1437

8. Furnace 01 (F-01)
Fungsi : Untuk memanaskan umpan feed reaktor (R-01) hingga temperatur
300 oC
Gambar :

Kondisi Operasi:
Tin = 415,4406 K
Tout = 573,1500 K
Panas sensibel masuk Furnace F-01
Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q4 (kJ)
1-C4H8 495,2481 4367,7124 2163101,3938
C4H10 4,8290 4277,5049 20656,0799
c-C4H8 0,0000 4404,1305 0,0000
t-C4H8 0,0000 5735,9497 0,0000
C2H4 633,2371 3783,3266 2395742,9328
C2H6 0,4926 2991915,3250 1473716,2067
C3H6 0,0000 4264,1537 0,0000
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 4702,0159 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 6145,7196 0,0000
Total 1133,8068 6053216,6132

Panas sensibel keluar Furnace F-01


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q5 (kJ)
1-C4H8 495,2481 14883,1274 7370840,9521
C4H10 4,8290 15945,1675 76999,2455
c-C4H8 0,0000 13939,2358 0,0000
t-C4H8 0,0000 17067,5058 0,0000
C2H4 633,2371 9661,1068 6117771,6445
C2H6 0,4926 16437194,3664 8096405,5126
C3H6 0,0000 12408,1400 0,0000
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 16922,7120 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 19723,6938 0,0000
Total 1133,8068 21662017,3547

Beban panas Furnace 01, Qc


Qc = Qout Qin
= 21662017,3547 KJ - 6053216,6132 KJ
= 15608800,7416 KJ
Panas overall F-01
Neraca Panas Furnace 01 (F-01)
Panas Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q4 6053216,6132 -
Q5 - 21662017,3547
Qc 15608800,7416 -
Total 21662017,3547 21662017,3547

9. Furnace 02 (F-02)
Fungsi : Untuk memanaskan umpan feed reaktor (R-02) hingga temperatur
300 oC
Gambar :

32

31

Kondisi Operasi:
Tin = 459,7551 K
Tout = 573,1500 K
Panas sensibel masuk Furnace F-02
Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q31 (kJ)
1-C4H8 39,1184 6782,6342 265325,6768
C4H10 3,9272 6883,5369 27032,7233
c-C4H8 43,5187 6637,2420 288844,2494
t-C4H8 62,6305 8476,5924 530893,1518
C2H4 523,1040 5300,6223 2772776,4612
C2H6 0,3978 5678138,1252 2258872,6833
C3H6 0,3476 6242,6168 2170,1269
c-2-C5H10 8,4993 7443,6483 63266,0632
t-2-C5H10 9,1202 9330,4314 85095,5487
Total 690,6637 6294276,6847
Panas sensibel keluar Furnace F-02
Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q32 (kJ)
1-C4H8 39,1184 14883,1274 582203,8673
C4H10 3,9272 15945,1675 62619,1602
c-C4H8 43,5187 13939,2358 606617,6424
t-C4H8 62,6305 17067,5058 1068946,2880
C2H4 523,1040 9661,1068 5053763,1642
C2H6 0,3978 16437194,3664 6539032,4304
C3H6 0,3476 12408,1400 4313,4536
c-2-C5H10 8,4993 16922,7120 143831,8043
t-2-C5H10 0,000 19723,6938 0,0000
Total 681,5435 14061327,8105

Beban panas Furnace 02, Qc


Qc = Qout Qin
= 6294276,6847 KJ - 14061327,8105 KJ
= 7767051,1258 KJ
Panas overall F-02
Neraca Panas Furnace 02 (F-02)
Panas Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q31 6294276,6847 -
Q32 - 14061327,8105

Qc 7767051,1258 -

Total 14061327,8105 14061327,8105

10. Reaktor-01 (R-01)


Fungsi : Sebagai tempat terjadinya reaksi isomerisasi dan metatesis
Gambar :
6

5
Kondisi Operasi :
Temperatur : 300 oC
Tekanan : 30 atm
Tiper reaktor : Fixed Bed Single Tube

Aliran Panas input reaktor R-01


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q5 (kJ)
1-C4H8 495,2481 14891,4807 7374977,9114
C4H10 4,8290 15954,6399 77044,9878
c-C4H8 0,0000 13946,7201 0,0000
t-C4H8 0,0000 17076,1156 0,0000
C2H4 633,2371 9665,3259 6120443,3578
C2H6 0,4926 16449148,3452 8102293,6378
C3H6 0,0000 12414,3232 0,0000
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 16932,6334 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 19734,2947 0,0000
Total 1133,8068 21674759,8949

Perhitungan panas reaksi standar (25 oC)


Perhitungan total panas rekasi R-01
Hr (Kj/Kmol)
1 1-butena cis-2-butena -1513075,8154
2 1-butena Trans-2-butena -2758743,6361
3 Cis-2-butena + etilena 2 propilena -374491,1036
4 Cis-2-butena + 1-butena Propilen + cis-2-pentena -2055,9002
5 Trans-2-butena + 1-butena Propilena + trans-2-pentena -4716,9371
6 Trans-2-butena + etilena 2 propilena -170979,1836
Total -4824062,5760

Aliran panas output reaktor R-01


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q6 (kJ)
1-C4H8 46,8443 14891,4807 697581,0326
C4H10 4,8290 15954,6399 77044,9878
c-C4H8 53,8099 13946,7201 750471,8327
t-C4H8 76,8600 17076,1156 1312469,9850
C2H4 367,9947 9665,3259 3556788,4743
C2H6 0,4926 16449148,3452 8102293,6378
C3H6 556,7307 12414,3232 6911434,3603
c-2-C5H10 12,7031 16932,6334 215096,9342
t-2-C5H10 13,5426 19734,2947 267254,2059
Total 1133,8068 21890435,4506

Beban panas panas pada R-01


Qs = Qin - Qout
= 21674759,8949 Kj (21890435,4506 4824062,5760) Kj
= 4608387,0203 KJ
Kondisi cooling water:
Temperatur input = 30 oC
Temperatur output = 32 oC
Jumlah cooling water yang dibutuhkan
m = Qs / (Cp (Tout Tin)
= 4608387,0203 KJ / (760,5480 Kj/ Kmol K (305,15 K 303,15 K)
= 3951,8712 Kmol
Panas yang dibawa cooling water masuk R-01, Qcw-in
Qcw-in = m x Cp dT
= 3951,8712 Kmol x 760,5480 KJ/ Kmol
= 3005587,6001 KJ
Panas yang dibawa cooling water keluar R-01, Qcw-out
Qcw-out = m x Cp dT
= 3951,8712 Kmol x 1926,6758 KJ/ Kmol
= 7613974,6204 KJ
Panas Overall R-01
Neraca Panas Reaktor 01 (R-01)
Panas Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q5 21674759,8949 -
Q6 - 21890435,4506
Qr - -4824062,5760
Qcwi 3005587,6001 -
Qcwo - 7613974,6204
Total 24680347,4950 24680347,4950

11. Reaktor-02 (R-02)


Fungsi : Sebagai tempat terjadinya reaksi isomerisasi dan metatesis
Gambar :
33

32

Kondisi Operasi :
Temperatur : 300 oC
Tekanan : 30 atm
Tiper reaktor : Fixed Bed Single Tube
Aliran Panas input reaktor R-02
Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q32 (kJ)
1-C4H8 39,1184 14891,4807 582530,6352
C4H10 3,9272 15954,6399 62656,3599
c-C4H8 43,5187 13946,7201 606943,3495
t-C4H8 62,6305 17076,1156 1069485,5229
C2H4 523,1040 9665,3259 5055970,2107
C2H6 0,3978 16449148,3452 6543787,9533
C3H6 0,3476 12414,3232 4315,6031
c-2-C5H10 8,4993 16932,6334 143916,1298
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 19734,2947 0,0000
Total 681,5435 14069605,7643

Perhitungan panas reaksi standar (25 oC)


Perhitungan total panas rekasi R-02
Hr (Kj/Kmol)
1 1-butena cis-2-butena -119513,9872
2 1-butena Trans-2-butena -217906,1011
3 Cis-2-butena + etilena 2 propilena -167552,7480
4 Cis-2-butena + 1-butena Propilen + cis-2-pentena -80,0068
5 Trans-2-butena + 1-butena Propilena + trans-2-pentena -183,5628
6 Trans-2-butena + etilena 2 propilena -74972,0374
Total -580208,4433

Aliran panas output reaktor R-02


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q33 (kJ)
1-C4H8 4,7518 14891,4807 70761,6978
C4H10 3,9272 15954,6399 62656,3599
c-C4H8 8,7341 13946,7201 121812,0661
t-C4H8 12,4754 17076,1156 213032,2199
C2H4 405,8405 9665,3259 3922580,5114
C2H6 0,2441 16449148,3452 4015881,1585
C3H6 235,8960 12414,3232 2928488,5726
c-2-C5H10 8,9937 16932,6334 152286,7733
t-2-C5H10 9,6472 19734,2947 190381,4073
Total 690,5100 11677880,7668

Beban panas panas pada R-02


Qs = Qin - Qout
= 14069605,7643 KJ -( 11677880,7668 -580208,4433) KJ
= 2971933,4407 KJ

Kondisi cooling water:


Temperatur input = 30 oC
Temperatur output = 32 oC
Jumlah cooling water yang dibutuhkan
m = Qs / (Cp (Tout Tin)
= 2971933,4407 KJ / (760,5480 Kj/ Kmol K (305,15 K 303,1500 K)
= 2548,5485 Kmol

Panas yang dibawa cooling water masuk R-02, Qcw-in


Qcw-in = m x Cp dT
= 2548,5485 Kmol x 760,5480 KJ/ Kmol
= 1938293,4329 KJ

Panas yang dibawa cooling water keluar R-02, Qcw-out


Qcw-in = m x Cp dT
= 2548,5485 Kmol x 1926,6758 KJ/ Kmol
= 4910226,8736 KJ
Panas Overall R-02
Neraca Panas Reaktor 02 (R-02)
Panas Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q32 14069605,7643 -
Q33 - 11677880,7668
Qr - -580208,4433
Qcwi 1938293,4329 -
Qcwo - 4910226,8736
Total 16007899,1972 16007899,1972

12. Chiller-01 (C-01)


Fungsi : Mendinginkan keluaran HE-01
Gambar :
(7) (8)

Keterangan :
Q7 : Aliran Panas Masuk C-01
Q8 : Aliran Dingin Keluar C-01
Qam in : Aliran ammonia masuk C-01
Qam out : Aliran ammonia pendingin keluar C-01
Panas sensibel aliran masuk chiller 01 pada T = 249,9826 oC
Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
Q8 (kJ)
1-C4H8 46,8443 24982,0809 1170268,1631
C4H10 4,8290 28678,5366 138488,7107
c-C4H8 53,8099 23478,3149 1263366,1476
t-C4H8 76,8600 25004,2380 1921825,3513
C2H4 367,9947 12004,2722 4417508,2678
C2H6 0,4926 14910,8789 7344,5942
C3H6 556,7307 18159,6669 10110043,3562
c-2-C5H10 12,7031 30385,7718 385993,4958
t-2-C5H10 13,5426 31377,6064 424935,2423
Total 1133,8068 208981,3667 19839773,3289
Panas sensibel aliran keluar chiller 01 pada T = 28,2370 oC
Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
Q8 (kJ)
1-C4H8 4,8290 287,2881 1387,3150
C4H10 53,8099 326,9271 17591,9220
c-C4H8 76,8600 267,0020 20521,7689
t-C4H8 367,9947 293,5277 108016,6462
C2H4 0,4926 142,5858 70,2329
C2H6 556,7307 173,1334 96388,6560
C3H6 12,7031 211,1063 2681,7050
c-2-C5H10 13,5426 342,9853 4644,9223
t-2-C5H10 1133,8068 363,3552 411974,6336
Total 2220,7694 2407,9110 663277,8021

Neraca energi total:


Qin = Qout + Qserap
Qserap = Qin - Qout
Qserap = 19176495,5268 kJ
Pendinginan menggunakan Refrigerrant NH3
Hv = 1400,81 kJ/kg
Hl = 35,25 kJ/kg
Jumlah pendingin yang dibutuhkan :
m = Qcd/ (Hv - Hl)
= 14042,9535 kg/jam
Panas NH3 masuk,
Qam in = m . Hl
= 495014,1095 kJ
Panas NH3 keluar,
Qam out = m . Hv
= 19671509,6363 kJ
Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Chiller-01 (C-01) :
Q7+ Qam in = Q8 + Qam out

Neraca Panas Chiller-01 (C-01)


Komponen Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q7 19839773,3289 -
Q8 - 663277,8021
Qami 495014,1095 -
Qamo - 19671509,6363
Total 20334787,4384 20334787,4384

13. Chiller-02 (C-02)


Fungsi : Mendinginkan keluaran HE-02
Gambar :

(34) (35)

Keterangan :
Q34 : Aliran Panas Masuk C-02
Q35 : Aliran Dingin Keluar C-02
Qam in : Aliran ammonia masuk C-02
Qam out : Aliran ammonia pendingin keluar C-02
Panas sensibel aliran masuk chiller 02 pada T = 218,8988 oC
Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
Q34 (kJ)
1-C4H8 4,7518 20949,6604 99549,1022
C4H10 3,9272 24032,6834 94380,0969
c-C4H8 8,7341 19649,9407 171624,5731
t-C4H8 12,4754 21002,9408 262021,1302
C2H4 405,8405 10082,2035 4091766,2915
C2H6 0,2441 12498,8429 3051,4569
C3H6 235,8960 15231,0319 3592938,7470
c-2-C5H10 8,9937 25426,7665 228680,3320
t-2-C5H10 9,6472 26325,8736 253971,9280
Total 690,5100 175199,9437 8797983,6578

Panas sensibel aliran keluar chiller 02 pada T = 5,6100 oC


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
Q35 (kJ)
1-C4H8 4,7518 -1674,8649 -7958,6634
C4H10 3,9272 -1902,8437 -7472,7642
c-C4H8 8,7341 -1555,9165 -13589,5320
t-C4H8 12,4754 -1717,5671 -21427,4222
C2H4 405,8405 -837,4420 -339867,8521
C2H6 0,2441 -1012,8132 -247,2674
C3H6 235,8960 -1234,4249 -291195,8252
c-2-C5H10 8,9937 -1994,7634 -17940,2740
t-2-C5H10 9,6472 -2121,1862 -20463,5849
Total 690,5100 -14051,8219 -720163,1853

Neraca energi total:


Qin = Qout + Qserap
Qserap = Qin - Qout
Qserap = 9518146,8432 kJ
Pendinginan menggunakan Refrigerrant NH3
Hv = 1400,81 kJ/kg
Hl = 35,25 kJ/kg
Jumlah pendingin yang dibutuhkan :
m = Qcd/ (Hv - Hl)
= 6970,1418 kg/jam
Panas NH3 masuk,
Qam in = m . Hl
= 245697,4986 kJ
Panas NH3 keluar,
Qam out = m . hv
= 9763844,3418 kJ

Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Chiller-02 (C-02) :


Q34+ Qam in = Q35 + Qam out
Neraca Panas Chiller-02 (C-02)
Komponen Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q34 8797983,6578 -
Q35 - -720163,1853
Qami 245697,4986 -
Qamo - 9763844,3418
Total 9043681,1565 9043681,1565

14. Total Kondensor-01 (CD-01)


Fungsi : Mengembunkan produk C-01
Gambar :

(8) (9)

Keterangan :
Q8 : Aliran Panas Uap Masuk CD-01
Q9 : Aliran Panas Destilat CD-01
Qam in : Aliran ammonia masuk CD-01
Qm out : Aliran ammonia pendingin keluar CD-01
Kondisi Operasi :
T = 28,2370 oC
Panas sensibel uap masuk kondensor 01
Komponen n (kmol) C dtp
Q8 (kJ)
1-C4H8 46,8443 287,2881 13457,8129
C4H10 4,8290 326,9271 1578,7318
c-C4H8 53,8099 267,0020 14367,3547
t-C4H8 76,8600 293,5277 22560,5378
C2H4 367,9947 142,5858 52470,7990
C2H6 0,4926 173,1334 85,2796
C3H6 556,7307 211,1063 117529,3761
c-2-C5H10 12,7031 342,9853 4356,9766
t-2-C5H10 13,5426 363,3552 4920,7845
Total 1133,8068 2407,9110 231327,6530

Panas sensibel destilat kondensor 01


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
Q9 (kJ)
1-C4H8 46,8443 424,8620 19902,3640
C4H10 4,8290 457,5252 2209,3902
c-C4H8 53,8099 410,0519 22064,8575
t-C4H8 76,8600 425,1192 32674,6551
C2H4 367,9947 392,2854 144358,9358
C2H6 0,4926 369,7549 182,1287
C3H6 556,7307 375,3745 208982,4915
c-2-C5H10 12,7031 492,3834 6254,7950
t-2-C5H10 13,5426 497,7533 6740,8883
Total 1133,8068 3845,1098 443370,5063

- Panas laten Kondensor


Hv = Hvb (((Tc-T)/(Tc-Tb))0,38)
T = 28,2370 oC
T = 301,3870 K
Komponen Tc (K) Tb (K) Hvb (KJ/Kmol)
1-C4H8 419,6000 266,8500 21930,0000
C4H10 425,2000 272,6500 22408,0000
c-C4H8 435,6000 276,8500 23362,0000
t-C4H8 428,6000 273,9500 22772,0000
C 2 H4 282,4000 169,3500 13553,0000
C 2 H6 305,4000 184,4500 14717,0000
C 3 H6 365,0000 225,3500 18422,0000
c-2-C5H10 476,0000 310,0500 26126,0000
t-2-C5H10 475,0000 309,4500 26084,0000

Komponen Hv n (kmol) QLv


1-C4H8 19894,7534 46,8443 931955,8500
C4H10 20699,3939 4,8290 99957,4145
c-C4H8 21917,9909 53,8099 1179405,2468
t-C4H8 21143,1734 76,8600 1625063,9851
C 2 H4 - - -
C 2 H6 4034,1063 0,4926 1987,0642
C 3 H6 13663,7106 556,7307 7607006,6076
c-2-C5H10 26636,1016 12,7031 338361,0610
t-2-C5H10 26559,6503 13,5426 359687,4563
Total 154548,8804 765,8122 12143424,6855

Panas sensible distilat (Qd) = 443370,5063 kJ


Panas sensible vapor masuk kondensor CD-01 = 231327,6530 kJ
Panas laten Kondensor (Qlv) = 12143424,6855 kJ
Beban panas Kondensor (Qcd) = 11931381,8321 kJ

Pendinginan menggunakan Refrigerrant NH3


Hv = 1400,81 kJ/kg
Hl = 35,25 kJ/kg
Jumlah pendingin yang dibutuhkan :
m = Qcd/ (Hv - Hl)
= 8737,3545 kg/jam
Panas NH3 masuk,
Qam in = m . Hl
= 307991,7467 kJ
Panas NH3 keluar,
Qam out = m . Hv
= 12239373,5788 kJ

Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Kondensor-01 (CD-01) :


Q8 + Qw in = Q9 + Qw out
Neraca Panas Kondensor-01 (CD-01)
Komponen Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q8 231327,6530 -
Q9 - 443370,5063
Ql 12143424,6855 -
Qami 307991,7467 -
Qamo - 12239373,5788
Total 12682744,0851 12682744,0851

15. Total Kondensor-04 (CD-04)


Fungsi : Mengembunkan produk C-02
Gambar :
(35) (36)

Keterangan :
Q35 : Aliran Panas Uap Masuk CD-04
Q36 : Aliran Panas Destilat CD-04
Qam in : Aliran ammonia masuk CD-04
Qm out : Aliran ammonia pendingin keluar CD-04
Kondisi Operasi :
T = 5,6100 oC
Panas sensibel uap masuk kondensor 04
Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
Q35 (kJ)
1-C4H8 4,7518 -1674,8649 -7958,6634
C4H10 3,9272 -1902,8437 -7472,7642
c-C4H8 8,7341 -1555,9165 -13589,5320
t-C4H8 12,4754 -1717,5671 -21427,4222
C2H4 405,8405 -837,4420 -339867,8521
C2H6 0,2441 -1012,8132 -247,2674
C3H6 235,8960 -1234,4249 -291195,8252
c-2-C5H10 8,9937 -1994,7634 -17940,2740
t-2-C5H10 9,6472 -2121,1862 -20463,5849
Total 690,5100 -14051,8219 -720163,1853

Panas sensibel destilat kondensor 04


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
Q36 (kJ)
1-C4H8 4,7518 -2479,7183 -11783,1855
C4H10 3,9272 -2675,9429 -10508,8450
c-C4H8 8,7341 -2401,9435 -20978,8183
t-C4H8 12,4754 -2489,5695 -31058,4985
C2H4 405,8405 -2181,8253 -885473,0392
C2H6 0,2441 -2085,7979 -509,2249
C3H6 235,8960 -2163,7187 -510412,4754
c-2-C5H10 8,9937 -2893,0858 -26019,5032
t-2-C5H10 9,6472 -2929,5825 -28262,3747
Total 690,5100 -22301,1844 -1525005,9648

- Panas laten Kondensor


Hv = Hvb (((Tc-T)/(Tc-Tb))0,38)
T = 5,6100 oC
T = 278,7600 K
Komponen Tc (K) Tb (K) Hvb (KJ/Kmol)
1-C4H8 419,6000 266,8500 21930,0000
C4H10 425,2000 272,6500 22408,0000
c-C4H8 435,6000 276,8500 23362,0000
t-C4H8 428,6000 273,9500 22772,0000
C 2 H4 282,4000 169,3500 13553,0000
C 2 H6 305,4000 184,4500 14717,0000
C 3 H6 365,0000 225,3500 18422,0000
c-2-C5H10 476,0000 310,0500 26126,0000
t-2-C5H10 475,0000 309,4500 26084,0000

Komponen Hv n (kmol) QLv


1-C4H8 21263,8380 4,7518 101042,0190
C4H10 22062,6233 3,9272 86643,3635
c-C4H8 23254,7887 8,7341 203109,6805
t-C4H8 22500,2195 12,4754 280700,3543
C 2 H4 3672,9173 405,8405 1490618,5169
C 2 H6 8281,9397 0,2441 2021,9457
C 3 H6 15338,7703 235,8960 3618353,8047
c-2-C5H10 27898,4235 8,9937 250909,6370
t-2-C5H10 27825,3326 9,6472 268437,5635
Total 172098,8528 690,5100 6301836,8852

Panas sensible distilat (Qd) = -1525005,9648 kJ


Panas sensible vapor masuk kondensor CD-04 = -720163,1853 kJ
Panas laten kondensor (Qlv) = 6301836,8852 kJ
Beban panas Kondensor (Qcd) = 7106679,6646 kJ

Pendinginan menggunakan Refrigerrant NH3


Hv = 1400,81 kJ/kg
Hl = 35,25 kJ/kg
Jumlah pendingin yang dibutuhkan :
m = Qcd/ (Hv - Hl)
= 5204,2237 kg/jam
Panas NH3 masuk,
Qam in = m . Hl
= 183448,8841 kJ
Panas NH3 keluar,
Qam out = m . Hv
= 7290128,5488 kJ

Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Kondensor-04 (CD-04) :


Q35 + Qw in = Q36 + Qw out
Neraca Panas Kondensor-04 (CD-04)
Komponen Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q35 -720163,1853 -
Q36 - -1525005,9648
Ql 6301836,8852 -
Qami 183448,8841 -
Qamo - 7290128,5488
Total 5765122,5840 5765122,5840

16. Kolom Distilasi-01 (DC-01)


Fungsi : Memisahkan etilen dari campuran produk
Gambar :
CD-02 (12)
(10)

ACC-01
(13)

(14)

DC-01
(16)

Steam

RB-01

Water
(11)

(17)
Keterangan :
Q9 = Panas aliran umpan masuk DC-01
QCD = Beban Panas Kondensor-02
QRB = Beban panas Reboiler-01
Q15 = Panas sensible aliran Destilat
Q17 = Panas sensible aliran Bottom

- Kondisi Operasi :
T referensi = 25oC
T feed (TF ) = 28,2370 oC
T top (TCD ) = -17,7950 oC
T bottom (TRB) = 82,7613 oC

Panas yang dibawa feed dari , Qf :


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
QF (kJ)
1-C4H8 46,8443 424,8620 19902,3640
C4H10 4,8290 457,5252 2209,3902
c-C4H8 53,8099 410,0519 22064,8575
t-C4H8 76,8600 425,1192 32674,6551
C2H4 367,9947 392,2854 144358,9358
C2H6 0,4926 369,7549 182,1287
C3H6 556,7307 375,3745 208982,4915
c-2-C5H10 12,7031 492,3834 6254,7950
t-2-C5H10 13,5426 497,7533 6740,8883
Total 1133,8068 3845,1098 443370,5063

Panas sensible yang dibawa distilat keluar dari ACC-01 (QD) pada T =
-17,7950 oC
Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
QD (kJ)
1-C4H8 - -5342,0622 -
C4H10 - -5777,2730 -
c-C4H8 - -5192,6545 -
t-C4H8 - -5381,4254 -0,0001
C2H4 367,8107 -4490,1258 -1651516,2246
C2H6 0,4792 -4350,9828 -2085,1467
C3H6 0,2784 -4607,4022 -1282,5410
c-2-C5H10 - -6270,5787 -
t-2-C5H10 - -6359,9205 -
Total 368,5683 -47772,4252 -1654883,9131

Panas sensible keluaran bottom (Qb) pada T =82,7613 oC


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
QB (kJ)
1-C4H8 46,8443 8163,7123 382423,4097
C4H10 4,8290 8754,2136 42274,1149
c-C4H8 53,8099 7809,4650 420226,6557
t-C4H8 76,8600 8112,9346 623560,0274
C2H4 0,1840 8564,3590 1575,8193
C2H6 0,0133 7782,9415 103,7494
C3H6 556,4523 7465,4734 4154179,7957
c-2-C5H10 12,7031 9283,8785 117934,0366
t-2-C5H10 13,5426 9342,9667 126528,3196
Total 765,2386 75279,9446 5868805,9283

Panas sensible uap masuk kondensor (Qv) pada T = -17,7950 oC


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
QV (kJ)
1-C4H8 - -3590,8831 -
C4H10 - -4071,8414 -
c-C4H8 - -3335,1653 -
t-C4H8 - -3698,1728 -
C2H4 399,5135 -1811,4565 -723701,3651
C2H6 0,3252 -2181,4558 -709,4872
C3H6 0,3148 -2657,1920 -836,6878
c-2-C5H10 - -4266,9728 -
t-2-C5H10 - -4556,4652 -
Total 416,6597 -30174,9971 -725639,6949

- Panas sensible refluks (Ql)


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
Ql (kJ)
1-C4H8 - -5342,0622 -
C4H10 - -5777,2730 -
c-C4H8 - -5192,6545 -
t-C4H8 - -5381,4254 -
C2H4 31,7028 -4490,1258 -142349,7774
C2H6 0,0413 -4350,9828 -179,7259
C3H6 0,0240 -4607,4022 -110,5466
c-2-C5H10 - -6270,5787 -
t-2-C5H10 - -6359,9205 -
Total 31,7681 -47772,4252 -142640,0498

- Panas laten Kondensor


Hv = Hvb (((Tc-T)/(Tc-Tb))0,38)
T = -17,7950 oC
T = 255,3550 K
Komponen Tc (K) Tb (K) Hvb (KJ/Kmol)
1-C4H8 419,6000 266,8500 21930,0000
C4H10 425,2000 272,6500 22408,0000
c-C4H8 435,6000 276,8500 23362,0000
t-C4H8 428,6000 273,9500 22772,0000
C 2 H4 282,4000 169,3500 13553,0000
C 2 H6 305,4000 184,4500 14717,0000
C 3 H6 364,7600 225,4300 1842200
c-2-C5H10 475,9300 310,0800 2612600
t-2-C5H10 475,3700 309,4900 2608400

Komponen Hv n (kmol) QLv


1-C4H8 22546,6685 - -
C4H10 23342,2666 - -
c-C4H8 24519,0472 - -
t-C4H8 23781,2810 - -
C 2 H4 7871,6387 416,0196 3274756,5380
C 2 H6 10529,5499 0,3252 3424,5852
C 3 H6 16805,6827 0,3148 5291,7177
c-2-C5H10 29116,7872 - -
t-2-C5H10 29039,9177 - -
Total 187552,8399 416,6597 3283472,8440

Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Kolom Distilasi-01 (DC-01) :


- Neraca panas kondensor
Qcd = (Qv + QLv) - (Qd + Ql)
Qcd = 4399487,625 kJ
- Neraca Panas reboiler
QRB = QD + QB + QCD - QF
= 8327132,941 kJ

Neraca Panas Kolom Distilasi-01 (DC-01)


Panas Masuk Panas Keluar
Komponen
(kJ) (kJ)
Q9 463921,9974 -
Q15 - -1722915,4806
Q17 - 6114482,7942
Qcd - 4399487,6252
Qrb 8327132,9415
Total 8791054,9389 8791054,9389

17. Kolom Distilasi-02 (DC-02)


Fungsi : Memisahkan propilen dari campuran produk
Gambar :

(18) ACC-02
29
atm

82 C

(21)

(22)

DC-02
(24)

Steam

RB-02
(25)

Water
(19)

Keterangan :
Q17 = Panas aliran umpan masuk DC-02
QCD = Beban Panas Kondensor-03
QRB = Beban panas Reboiler-02
Q23 = Panas sensible aliran Destilat
Q25 = Panas sensible aliran Bottom
- Kondisi Operasi :
T referensi = 25oC
T feed (TF ) = 82,7713oC
T top (TCD ) = 66,0629 oC
T bottom (TRB) = 145,3529 oC
Panas yang dibawa feed dari , Qf :
Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
QF (kJ)
1-C4H8 48,7846 8165,2459 398339,0668
C4H10 5,0308 8755,8529 44049,6314
c-C4H8 56,0968 7810,9198 438167,974
t-C4H8 80,1489 8114,4510 650364,6381
C2H4 0,1916 8566,1765 1641,2795
C2H6 0,0083 7784,5402 64,8358
C3H6 579,4924 7466,9265 4327027,414
c-2-C5H10 13,2366 9285,5876 122910,4301
t-2-C5H10 14,1168 9344,6786 131917,5243
Total 797,1072 75294,3794 6114482,794

Panas sensible yang dibawa distilat keluar dari ACC-02 (QD) pada T =
66,0629oC
Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
QD (kJ)
1-C4H8 0,0243 5663,4789 138,1455
C4H10 0,0002 6079,8804 1,2928
c-C4H8 0,0008 5432,2651 4,6463
t-C4H8 0,0028 5638,2453 16,1063
C2H4 0,1916 5706,3197 1093,3309
C2H6 0,0083 5245,0382 43,6848
C3H6 579,2026 5121,7852 2966551,756
c-2-C5H10 - 6480,3973 -
t-2-C5H10 - 6530,9979 -
Total 579,4309 51898,4084 2967848,963

Panas sensible keluaran bottom (Qb) pada T =145,3500 oC


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
QB (kJ)
1-C4H8 48,7603 18910,4962 922081,5914
C4H10 5,0306 20238,8301 101814,7896
c-C4H8 56,0959 17930,3772 1005822,286
t-C4H8 80,1460 18745,3986 1502370,253
C2H4 - 23147,2557 -
C2H6 - 20172,5167 -
C3H6 0,2897 18085,1012 5240,0896
c-2-C5H10 13,2366 20972,1064 277601,2376
t-2-C5H10 14,1168 20987,3718 296275,7998
Total 217,6763 179189,4541 4111206,047

Panas sensible uap masuk kondensor (Qv) pada T = 66,0629 oC


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
QV (kJ)
1-C4H8 0,02893 3805,9719 110,1175
C4H10 0,0002 4341,1517 1,0949
c-C4H8 0,0010 3541,3359 3,5927
t-C4H8 0,0033 3867,9665 13,1061
C2H4 0,2272 1869,9127 424,9661
C2H6 0,0098 2283,6290 22,5603
C3H6 687,0177 2785,6690 1913804,156
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 4561,0960 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 4804,5203 0,0000
Total 687,2885 31861,2535 1914379,594

- Panas sensible refluks (Ql)


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
Ql (kJ)
1-C4H8 0,0045 5663,4789 25,7149
C4H10 0,0000 6079,8804 0,2406
c-C4H8 0,0001 5432,2651 0,8648
t-C4H8 0,0005 5638,2453 2,9981
C2H4 0,0356 5706,3197 203,5169
C2H6 0,0015 5245,0382 8,1316
C3H6 107,8150 5121,7852 552205,7632
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 6480,3973 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 6530,9979 0,0000
Total 107,8575 51898,4084 552447,2304
- Panas laten Kondensor
Hv = Hvb (((Tc-T)/(Tc-Tb))0,38)
T = 66,0629 oC
T = 339,2129 K
Komponen Tc (K) Tb (K) Hvb (KJ/Kmol)
1-C4H8 419,5900 266,9000 21930,0000
C4H10 425,1800 272,6500 22408,0000
c-C4H8 435,5800 276,8700 23362,0000
t-C4H8 428,6300 274,0300 22772,0000
C 2 H4 282,4000 169,3500 13553,0000
C 2 H6 305,4000 184,4500 14717,0000
C 3 H6 364,7600 225,4300 18422,0000
c-2-C5H10 475,9300 310,0800 26126,0000
t-2-C5H10 475,3700 309,4900 26084,0000

Komponen Hv n (kmol) QLv


1-C4H8 17184,6545 0,0289 477,3534
C4H10 18020,8087 0,0002 4,3634
c-C4H8 19327,3920 0,0010 18,8060
t-C4H8 18494,4453 0,0033 60,0748
C 2 H4 0,0000 0,0000 0,0000
C 2 H6 0,0000 0,0000 0,0000
C 3 H6 9669,1735 687,0177 6395470,1044
c-2-C5H10 24276,9245 0,0000 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 24198,4596 0,0000 0,0000
Total 131171,8584 687,0513 6396030,7020

Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Kolom Distilasi-02 (DC-02) :


- Neraca panas kondensor
Qcd = (Qv + QLv) - (Qd + Ql)
Qcd = 5037561,563 kJ
- Neraca Panas reboiler
QRB = QD + QB + QCD - QF
= 6002133,779 kJ

Neraca Panas Kolom Distilasi-02 (DC-02)


Panas Masuk Panas Keluar
Komponen
(kJ) (kJ)
Q17 6114482,7942 -
Q23 - 2967848,9634
Q25 - 4111206,0469
Qcd - 5037561,5630
Qrb 6002133,7790 -
Total 12116616,5732 12116616,5732

18. Kolom Distilasi-03 (DC-03)


Fungsi : Memisahkan etilen dari campuran produk
Gambar :

(39)

ACC-03
(40)

(41)

(43)

Steam

RB-03
Water

Keterangan :
Q36 = Panas aliran umpan masuk DC-03
QCD = Beban Panas Kondensor-05
QRB = Beban panas Reboiler-03
Q42 = Panas sensible aliran Destilat
Q44 = Panas sensible aliran Bottom
- Kondisi Operasi :
T referensi = 25oC
T feed (TF ) = 5,6160 oC
T top (TCD ) = -17,9404oC
T bottom (TRB) = 78,0690oC

Panas yang dibawa feed dari , Qf :


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
QF (kJ)
1-C4H8 4,9486 -2478,9673 -12267,4760
C4H10 4,0913 -2675,1308 -10944,9278
c-C4H8 9,1084 -2401,2138 -21871,2500
t-C4H8 13,0101 -2488,8132 -32379,7178
C2H4 422,7761 -2181,1913 -922155,6679
C2H6 0,3540 -2085,1842 -738,1996
C3H6 245,8724 -2163,0701 -531839,4698
c-2-C5H10 9,3715 -2892,2047 -27104,5554
t-2-C5H10 10,0562 -2928,6890 -29451,5529
Total 719,5889 -22294,4647 -1588752,818

Panas sensible yang dibawa distilat keluar dari ACC-03 (QD) pada T =
-17,9404 oC
Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
QD (kJ)
1-C4H8 - -5359,4500 -
C4H10 - -5796,1534 -
c-C4H8 - -5209,6638 -
t-C4H8 - -5399,0493 -
C2H4 422,5647 -4503,5255
-1903031,208
C2H6 0,3443 -4364,3164
-1503,0120
C3H6 0,1229 -4622,0840
-568,2216
c-2-C5H10 - -6291,2087 -
t-2-C5H10 - -6380,9053 -
Total 423,0320 -47926,3569 -1905102,441

Panas sensible keluaran bottom (Qb) pada T =78,0690oC


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
QB (kJ)
1-C4H8 4,9486 7447,9738 36857,2190
C4H10 4,0913 7989,0308 32686,0142
c-C4H8 9,1084 7130,0949 64943,8579
t-C4H8 13,0101 7405,0599 96340,5971
C2H4 0,2113 7724,7447 1632,9189
C2H6 0,0096 7042,4618 67,8521
C3H6 245,7495 6789,3854 1668488,501
c-2-C5H10 9,3715 8484,8586 79516,6104
t-2-C5H10 10,0562 8542,3360 85903,6450
Total 296,5569 68555,9461 2066437,216

Panas sensible uap masuk kondensor (Qv) pada T = -17,9404 oC


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
QV (kJ)
1-C4H8 - -3602,4235 -
C4H10 - -4084,8756 -
c-C4H8 - -3345,8824 -
t-C4H8 - -3710,1620 -
C2H4 442,3339 -1817,3857 -803891,3561
C2H6 0,3604 -2187,8111 -788,7021
C3H6 0,1286 -2664,9232 -342,9427
c-2-C5H10 - -4279,2285 -
t-2-C5H10 - -4569,6635 -
Total 442,8230926 -30262,3559 -805023,001
- Panas sensible refluks (Ql)
Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
Ql (kJ)
1-C4H8 - -5359,4500 -
C4H10 - -5796,1534 -
c-C4H8 - -5209,6638 -
t-C4H8 - -5399,0493 -
C2H4 19,7691 -4503,5255 -89030,8568
C2H6 0,0161 -4364,3164 -70,3164
C3H6 0,0057 -4622,0840 -26,5835
c-2-C5H10 - -6291,2087 -
t-2-C5H10 - -6380,9053 -
Total 19,7910 -47926,3569 -89127,7568

- Panas laten Kondensor


Hv = Hvb (((Tc-T)/(Tc-Tb))0,38)
T = -17,9404 oC
T = 255,2096 K
Komponen Tc (K) Tb (K) Hvb (KJ/Kmol)
1-C4H8 419,6000 266,8500 21930,0000
C4H10 425,2000 272,6500 22408,0000
c-C4H8 435,6000 276,8500 23362,0000
t-C4H8 428,6000 273,9500 22772,0000
C 2 H4 282,4000 169,3500 13553,0000
C 2 H6 305,4000 184,4500 14717,0000
C 3 H6 365,0000 225,3500 18422,0000
c-2-C5H10 476,0000 310,0500 26126,0000
t-2-C5H10 475,0000 309,4500 26084,0000
Komponen Hv n (kmol) QLv
1-C4H8 22550,6375 - -
C4H10 23348,9701 - -
c-C4H8 24524,4855 - -
t-C4H8 23783,6073 - -
C 2 H4 7886,2506 442,3339 3488356,07
C 2 H6 10535,7370 0,3604 3798,1148
C 3 H6 16812,6312 0,1286 2163,5782
c-2-C5H10 29120,1789 - -
t-2-C5H10 29049,8850 - -
Total 187612,3835 442,8230 3494317,764

Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Kolom Distilasi-03 (DC-03) :


- Neraca panas kondensor
Qcd = (Qv + QLv) - (Qd + Ql)
Qcd = 4683524,961 kJ
- Neraca Panas reboiler
QRB = QD + QB + QCD - QF
= 6433612,553 kJ

Neraca Panas Kolom Distilasi-03 (DC-03)


Panas Masuk Panas Keluar
Komponen
(kJ) (kJ)
Q36 -1588752,8176 -
Q42 - -1905102,4413
Q44 - 2066437,2160
Qcd - 4683524,9609
Qrb 6433612,5531 -
Total 4844859,7355 4844859,7355
19. Kolom Distilasi-04 (DC-04)
Fungsi : Memisahkan propilen dari campuran produk
Gambar :

(47)

ACC-04

(48)
(49)

DC-04
(51)

Steam

RB-04

Water
(52)

Keterangan :
Q44 = Panas aliran umpan masuk DC-04
QCD = Beban Panas Kondensor-06
QRB = Beban panas Reboiler-04
Q50 = Panas sensible aliran Destilat
Q52 = Panas sensible aliran Bottom

- Kondisi Operasi :
T referensi = 25oC
T feed (TF ) = 78,0690 oC
T top (TCD ) = 66,0362 oC
T bottom (TRB) = 157,1823 oC

Panas yang dibawa feed dari , Qf :


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
QF (kJ)
1-C4H8 4,9486 7447,9738 36857,2190
C4H10 4,0913 7989,0308 32686,0142
c-C4H8 9,1084 7130,0949 64943,8579
t-C4H8 13,0101 7405,0599 96340,5971
C2H4 0,2113 7724,7447 1632,9189
C2H6 0,0096 7042,4618 67,8521
C3H6 245,7495 6789,3854 1668488,501
c-2-C5H10 9,3715 8484,8586 79516,6104
t-2-C5H10 10,0562 8542,3360 85903,6450
Total 296,5569 68555,9461 2066437,216

Panas sensible yang dibawa distilat keluar dari ACC-04 (QD) pada T =
66,0362 oC
Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
QD (kJ)
1-C4H8 0,0024 5659,5832 14,0035
C4H10 0,0001 6075,7101 1,0680
c-C4H8 0,0001 5428,5520 0,7404
t-C4H8 0,0004 5634,3846 2,5957
C2H4 0,2113 5702,0305 1205,3412
C2H6 0,0096 5241,1908 50,4973
C3H6 245,6266 5118,1730 1257159,9
c-2-C5H10 - 6476,0020 -
t-2-C5H10 - 6526,5830 -
Total 245,8509588 51862,2095 1258434,146

Panas sensible keluaran bottom (Qb) pada T =157,1823 oC


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
QB (kJ)
1-C4H8 4,9461 21241,8989 105065,603
C4H10 4,09118 22736,1368 93017,7613
c-C4H8 9,1082 20113,4780 183199,1453
t-C4H8 13,0096 21064,9194 274047,0786
C2H4 - 26760,3583 -
C2H6 - 23146,5202 -
C3H6 0,1228 20493,9472 2518,1892
c-2-C5H10 9,3715 23441,0660 219680,0443
t-2-C5H10 10,0562 23432,8747 235646,2392
Total 50,7059 202431,1998 1113174,061

Panas sensible uap masuk kondensor (Qv) pada T = 66,0362 oC


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
QV (kJ)
1-C4H8 0,0029 3803,3845 11,1383
C4H10 0,0002 4338,1940 0,9025
c-C4H8 0,0001 3538,9248 0,5713
t-C4H8 0,0005 3865,3501 2,1076
C2H4 0,2501 1868,6532 467,5244
C2H6 0,0114 2282,0823 26,0234
C3H6 290,7171 2783,7818 809293,1945
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 4557,9834 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 4801,2598 0,0000
Total 290,9826 31839,6143 809801,4624

- Panas sensible refluks (Ql)


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
Ql (kJ)
1-C4H8 0,0004 5659,5832 2,5706
C4H10 0,0000 6075,7101 0,1960
c-C4H8 0,0000 5428,5520 0,1359
t-C4H8 0,0000 5634,3846 0,4765
C2H4 0,0388 5702,0305 221,2684
C2H6 0,0017 5241,1908 9,2699
C3H6 45,0904 5118,1730 230780,923
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 6476,0020 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 6526,5830 0,0000
Total 45,13165848 51862,2095 231014,8408
- Panas laten Kondensor
Hv = Hvb (((Tc-T)/(Tc-Tb))0,38)
T = 66,0362 oC
T = 339,1862 K
Komponen Tc (K) Tb (K) Hvb (KJ/Kmol)
1-C4H8 419,6000 266,8500 21930,0000
C4H10 425,2000 272,6500 22408,0000
c-C4H8 435,6000 276,8500 23362,0000
t-C4H8 428,6000 273,9500 22772,0000
C 2 H4 282,4000 169,3500 13553,0000
C 2 H6 305,4000 184,4500 14717,0000
C 3 H6 365,0000 225,3500 18422,0000
c-2-C5H10 476,0000 310,0500 26126,0000
t-2-C5H10 475,0000 309,4500 26084,0000

Komponen Hv n (kmol) QLv


1-C4H8 17185,0694 0,0029 50,3269
C4H10 18023,6296 0,0002 3,7498
c-C4H8 19329,0991 0,0001 3,1206
t-C4H8 18491,9131 0,0005 10,0831
C 2 H4 - - -
C 2 H6 - - -
C 3 H6 9698,9484 290,7171 2819650,914
c-2-C5H10 24277,8861 0,0000 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 24193,5570 0,0000 0,0000
Total 131200,1031 290,7210 2819718,194

Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Kolom Distilasi-04 (DC-04) :


- Neraca panas kondensor
Qcd = (Qv + QLv) - (Qd + Ql)
Qcd = 2140070,67 kJ
- Neraca Panas reboiler
QRB = QD + QB + QCD - QF
= 2445241,661 kJ

Neraca Panas Kolom Distilasi-04 (DC-04)


Panas Masuk Panas Keluar
Komponen
(kJ) (kJ)
Q44 2066437,2160 -
Q50 - 1258434,1462
Q52 - 1113174,0610
Qcd - 2140070,6697
Qrb 2445241,6610 -
Total 4511678,8769 4511678,8769

20. Kondensor-02 (CD-02)


Fungsi : Mengembunkan produk DC-01
Gambar :

CD-02 (12)

ACC-01
(13)

P-01

(14)

Keterangan :
Q10 : Aliran Panas Uap Masuk CD-02
Q15 : Aliran Panas Destilat CD-02
Q14 : Aliran panas refluks CD-02
Qam in : Aliran ammonia masuk CD-02
Qm out : Aliran ammonia pendingin keluar CD-02
Kondisi Operasi :
T = -17,7950 oC
Panas sensible distilat (Qd) = -1.722.915,4806 kJ
Panas sensible vapor masuk kondensor CD-02 = -755.397,6502 kJ
Panas sensible refluks = -148.496,9504 kJ
Panas laten kondensor (Qlv) = 3.283.472,8445 kJ
Beban panas Kondensor (Qcd) = 4.399.487,6252 kJ

Pendinginan menggunakan Refrigerrant NH3


Hv =1400,81 kJ/kg
Hl = 35,25 kJ/kg
Jumlah pendingin yang dibutuhkan :
m = Qcd/ (Hv - Hl)
= 3.221,7461kg/jam
Panas NH3 masuk,
Qam in = m . Hl
= 113.566,5506 kJ
Panas NH3 keluar,
Qam out = m . Hv
= 4.513.054,1758 kJ

Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Kondensor-02 (CD-02) :


Q10+ Qami in = Q14 + Q15 + Qw out
Neraca Panas Kondensor-02 (CD-02)
Komponen Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q10 -755.397,6502 -
Q15 - -1.722.915,4806
Q14 - -148.496,9504
Ql 3.283.472,8445 -
Qami 113.566,5506 -
Qamo - 4.513.054,1758
Total 2.641.641,7448 2.641.641,7448

21. Kondensor-03 (CD-03)


Fungsi : Mengembunkan produk DC-02
Gambar :
CD-03

ACC-02

(21)
P-02

Keterangan :
Q18 : Aliran Panas Uap Masuk CD-03
Q23 : Aliran Panas Destilat CD-03
Q22 : Aliran panas refluks CD-03
Qw in : Aliran air pendingin masuk CD-03
Qw out : Aliran air pendingin keluar CD-03
Kondisi Operasi :
T = 66,0650 oC
Panas sensible distilat (Qd) = 2.967.848,9634 kJ
Panas sensible vapor masuk kondensor CD-03 = 1.914.379,5938 kJ
Panas sensible refluks = 552.447,2304 kJ
Panas laten kondensor (Qlv) = 6.643.478,1630 kJ
Beban panas Kondensor (Qcd) = 5.037.561,5630 kJ

Pendinginan menggunakan air


T in = 30 oC = 303.1500 oK
T out = 60 oC = 333.15 oK
Cp = 4,1840 kJ/kg oK
Jumlah pendingin yang dibutuhkan :
m = Qcd/ (Cp . T)
= 40.133,5370 kg/jam
Panas air masuk,
Qw in = m . Cp. T
= 839.593,5938 kJ
Panas air keluar,
Qw out = m . Cp. T
= 5.877.155,1568 kJ

Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Kondensor-03 (CD-03) :


Q18+ Qw in = Q22 + Q23+ Qw out
Neraca Panas Kondensor-03 (CD-03)
Komponen Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q18 1.914.379,5938 -
Q23 - 2.967.848,9634
Q22 - 552.447,2304
Ql 6.643.478,1630 -
Qwater in 839.593,5938 -
Qwater out - 5.877.155,1568
Total 9.397.451,3506 9.397.451,3506

22. Kondensor-05 (CD-05)


Fungsi : Mengembunkan produk DC-03
Gambar :

CD-05 (39)

ACC-03

(41)

Keterangan :
Q37 : Aliran Panas Uap Masuk CD-05
Q42 : Aliran Panas Destilat CD-05
Q41 : Aliran panas refluks CD-05
Qam in : Aliran ammonia masuk CD-05
Qm out : Aliran ammonia pendingin keluar CD-05
Kondisi Operasi :
T = -17,9430 oC
Panas sensible distilat (Qd) = -1.905.102,4413 kJ
Panas sensible vapor masuk kondensor CD-05 = -805.023,0010 kJ
Panas sensible refluks = -89.127,7569kJ
Panas laten kondensor (Qlv) = 3.494.317,7637 kJ
Beban panas Kondensor (Qcd) = 4.683.524,9609 kJ

Pendinginan menggunakan Refrigerrant NH3


Hv = 1400,81 kJ/kg
Hl = 35,25 kJ.kg
Jumlah pendingin yang dibutuhkan :
m = Qcd/ (Hv - Hl)
= 3.429,7467 kg/jam
Panas NH3 masuk,
Qam in = m . Hl
= 120.898,5727 kJ
Panas NH3 keluar,
Qam out = m . Hv
= 4.804.423,5335 kJ

Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Kondensor-05 (CD-05) :


Q37+ Qam in = Q41 + Q42 + Qam out
Neraca Panas Kondensor-05 (CD-05)
Komponen Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q38 -805.023,0010 -
Q43 - -1.905.102,4413
Q42 - -89.127,7569
Ql 3.494.317,7637 -
Qami 120.898,5727 -
Qamo - 4.804.423,5335
Total 2.810.193,3353 2.810.193,3353

23. Kondensor-06 (CD-06)


Fungsi : Mengembunkan produk DC-04
Gambar :
ACC-04

Keterangan :
Q45 : Aliran Panas Uap Masuk CD-06
Q50 : Aliran Panas Destilat CD-06
Q49 : Aliran panas refluks CD-06
Qw in : Aliran air pendingin masuk CD-06
Qw out : Aliran air pendingin keluar CD-06
Kondisi Operasi :
T = 66,0350 oC
Panas sensible distilat (Qd) = 1.258.434,1462 kJ
Panas sensible vapor masuk kondensor CD-03 = 231.014,8408 kJ
Panas sensible refluks = 231.014,8408 kJ
Panas laten kondensor (Qlv) = 2.819.718,1943 kJ
Beban panas Kondensor (Qcd) = 2.140.070,6697 kJ

Pendinginan menggunakan air


T in = 30 oC = 303.1500 oK
T out = 60 oC = 333.15 oK
Cp = 4,1840 kJ/kg oK
Jumlah pendingin yang dibutuhkan :
m = Qcd/ (Cp . T)
= 17.049,6389 kg/jam
Panas air masuk,
Qw in = m . Cp. T
= 356.678,4449 kJ
Panas air keluar,
Qw out = m . Cp. T
= 2.496.749,1146 kJ

Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Kondensor-06 (CD-06) :


Q45+ Qw in = Q49 + Q50 + Qw out
Neraca Panas Kondensor-06 (CD-06)
Komponen Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q45 809.801,4624 -
Q50 - 1.258.434,1462
Q49 - 231.014,8408
Ql 2.819.718,1943 -
Qwater in 356.678,4449 -
Qwater out - 2.496.749,1146
Total 3.986.198,1016 3.986.198,1016

24. Reboiler-01 (RB-01)


Fungsi : Untuk menguapkan sebagian campuran produk bottom DC-01
Gambar :
(16)

RB-01
(11)

(17)

Keterangan :
Q11 : Aliran panas masuk RB-01
Qt : Aliran panas masuk ke DC-01
Q17 : Aliran panas keluar RB-01
Qs in : Aliran panas steam masuk RB-01
Qs out : Aliran panas kondensat keluar RB-01
Kondisi operasi :
T = 82,7713 oC
Panas liquid masuk RB-01 (Q11) pada T = 82,7713 oC.
Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
Q11 (kJ)
1-C4H8 74,2851 8165,2459 606556,7996
C4H10 7,6605 8755,8529 67075,0265
c-C4H8 85,4194 7810,9198 667204,8667
t-C4H8 122,0439 8114,4510 990319,8715
C2H4 0,2917 8566,1765 2499,2006
C2H6 0,0126 7784,5402 98,72647522
C3H6 882,4017 7466,9265 6588828,761
c-2-C5H10 20,1557 9285,5876 187157,5332
t-2-C5H10 21,4959 9344,6786 200872,769
Total 1213,7670 75294,3794 9310613,555

Panas liquid keluar dari RB-01 (Q17) pada T = 82,7713 0C.


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
Q17 (kJ)
1-C4H8 48,7868 8165,2459 398357,0012
C4H10 5,0311 8755,8529 44052,1540
c-C4H8 56,1002 7810,9198 438194,4016
t-C4H8 80,1537 8114,4510 650403,8641
C2H4 0,1916 8566,1765 1641,3759
C2H6 0,0083 7784,5402 64,8396
C3H6 579,5269 7466,9265 4327284,946
c-2-C5H10 13,2372 9285,5876 122916,0619
t-2-C5H10 14,1175 9344,6786 131923,5688
Total 797,1537 75294,3794 6114838,213
Panas yang disuplai reboiler RB-01 (QRB) = 8.327.132,9415 kJ
Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Reboiler-01 (RB-01) :
Q11 + QRB = Qt + Q17
Qt = Q11 + QRB - Q17
= 11.522.908,2839 kJ
Steam yang digunakan adalah saturated steam pada T = 200,0000oC
H saturated vapor (Hv) = 2790,9 kJ/kg
H saturated liquid (Hl) = 852,4 kJ/kg
Jumlah steam yang digunakan :
m = Qrb/(Hv-Hl)
= 4.295,6580 kg/jam
Panas yang dibawa steam masuk, Qsi
Qsi = m steam x Hv
= 11.988.751,7804 kJ/jam
Panas kondensat keluar, Qso
Qso = m steam x Hl
= 3.661.618,8389 kJ/jam
Persamaan overall neraca panas reboiler 01
Qf + Qs in = Qb + Qt + Qs out
Neraca Panas Reboiler-01 (RB-01)
Komponen Panas Masuk (kJ) Panas Keluar (kJ)
Q11 9.310.613,5551 -
Q17 - 6.114.838,2127
Qt - 11.522.908,2839
Qsi 11.988.751,7804 -
Qso - 3.661.618,8389
Total 21.299.365,3355 21.299.365,3355

25. Reboiler-02 (RB-02)


Fungsi : Untuk menguapkan sebagian campuran produk bottom DC-02
Gambar :
(24)
(25)
(19)

Keterangan :
Q19 : Aliran panas masuk RB-02
Qt : Aliran panas masuk ke DC-02
Q25 : Aliran panas keluar RB-02
Qs in : Aliran panas steam masuk RB-02
Qs out : Aliran panas kondensat keluar RB-02
Kondisi operasi :
T = 145,3529 oC
Panas liquid masuk RB-02 (Q19) pada T = 145,3529 oC.
Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
Q19 (kJ)
1-C4H8 202,7154 18910,4962 3833450,297
C4H10 20,9144 20238,8301 423283,5132
c-C4H8 233,2127 17930,3772 4181592,797
t-C4H8 333,1983 18745,3986 6245935,009
C2H4 0,0000 23147,2557 0,0000
C2H6 0,0000 20172,5167 0,0000
C3H6 1,2045 18085,1012 21785,0821
c-2-C5H10 55,0300 20972,1064 1154095,859
t-2-C5H10 58,6892 20987,3718 1231733,247
Total 904,9648 179189,4541 17091875,81

Panas liquid keluar dari RB-02 (Q25) pada T = 145,3529 0C.


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
Q25 (kJ)
1-C4H8 48,7603 18910,4962 922081,5914
C4H10 5,0306 20238,8301 101814,7896
c-C4H8 56,0959 17930,3772 1005822,286
t-C4H8 80,1460 18745,3986 1502370,253
C2H4 - 23147,2557 -
C2H6 - 20172,5167 -
C3H6 0,2897 18085,1012 5240,0896
c-2-C5H10 13,2366 20972,1064 277601,2376
t-2-C5H10 14,1168 20987,3718 296275,7998
Total 217,6763 179189,4541 4111206,047
Panas yang disuplai reboiler RB-02 (QRB) = 6.002.133,7790 kJ
Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Reboiler-02 (RB-02) :
Q19 + QRB = Qt + Q25
Qt = Q21 + QRB Q25
= 18.982.803,5375 kJ
Steam yang digunakan adalah saturated steam pada T = 200oC
H saturated vapor (Hv) = 2790,9 kJ/kg
H saturated liquid (Hl) = 852,4 kJ/kg
Jumlah steam yang digunakan :
m = Qrb/(Hv-Hl)
= 3.096,2774 kg/jam
Panas yang dibawa steam masuk, Qsi
Qsi = m steam x Hv
= 8.641.400,6520 kJ/jam
Panas kondensat keluar, Qso
Qso = m steam x Hl
= 2.639.266,8730 kJ/jam
Persamaan overall neraca panas reboiler 02
Qf + Qs in = Qb + Qt + Qs out
Neraca Panas Reboiler-02 (RB-02)
Komponen Panas Masuk (kJ) Panas Keluar (kJ)
Q19 17.091.875,8054 -
Q25 - 4.111.206,0469
Qt - 18.982.803,5375
Qsi 8.641.400,6520 -
Qso - 2.639.266,8730
Total 25.733.276,4574 25.733.276,4574

26. Reboiler-03 (RB-03)


Fungsi : Untuk menguapkan sebagian campuran produk bottom DC-03
Gambar :

(43)

RB-03

(38)
(44)

Keterangan :
Q38 : Aliran panas masuk RB-03
Qt : Aliran panas masuk ke DC-03
Q44 : Aliran panas keluar RB-03
Qs in : Aliran panas steam masuk RB-03
Qs out : Aliran panas kondensat keluar RB-04
Kondisi operasi :
T = 78,0669 oC
Panas liquid masuk RB-03 (Q38) pada T = 78,0669oC.
Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
Q38 (kJ)
1-C4H8 11,9284 7447,6512 88838,2973
C4H10 9,8582 7988,6858 78754,2561
c-C4H8 21,9250 7129,7885 156320,3105
t-C4H8 31,3168 7404,7408 231892,4480
C2H4 0,5094 7724,3701 3934,6760
C2H6 0,0167 7042,1305 117,4551
C3H6 591,8666 6789,0816 4018230,5191
c-2-C5H10 22,5766 8484,4978 191550,9710
t-2-C5H10 24,2172 8541,9743 206862,4779
Total 714,2147 68552,9207 4976501,4110

Panas liquid keluar dari RB-03 (Q44) pada T = 78,06690C.


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
Q44 (kJ)
1-C4H8 4,7518 7447,6512 35389,9288
C4H10 3,9272 7988,6858 31372,8156
c-C4H8 8,7341 7129,7885 62272,2951
t-C4H8 12,4754 7404,7408 92377,4710
C2H4 0,2029 7724,3701 1567,4310
C2H6 0,0066 7042,1305 46,7898
C3H6 235,7780 6789,0816 1600716,0922
c-2-C5H10 8,9937 8484,4978 76306,9018
t-2-C5H10 9,6472 8541,9743 82406,4462
Total 284,5170 68552,9207 1982456,1715
Panas yang disuplai reboiler RB-03 (QRB) = 6223657,3061 kJ
Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Reboiler-03 (RB-03) :
Q38 + QRB = Qt + Q44
Qt = Q38 + QRB Q464
= 9217702,5456 kJ
Steam yang digunakan adalah saturated steam pada T = 200oC
H saturated vapor (Hv) = 2790,9 kJ/kg
H saturated liquid (Hl) = 852,4 kJ/kg
Jumlah steam yang digunakan :
m = Qrb/(Hv-Hl)
= 3210,5532 kg/jam
Panas yang dibawa steam masuk, Qsi
Qsi = m steam x Hv
= 8960332,8221 kJ/jam
Panas kondensat keluar, Qso
Qso = m steam x Hl
= 2736675,5160 kJ/jam
Persamaan overall neraca panas reboiler 03
Qf + Qs in = Qb + Qt + Qs out
Neraca Panas Reboiler-03 (RB-03)
Komponen Panas Masuk (kJ) Panas Keluar (kJ)
Q38 4976501,4110 -
Q44 - 1982456,1715
Qt - 9217702,5456
Qsi 8960332,8221 -
Qso - 2736675,5160
Total 13936834,2331 13936834,2331

27. Reboiler-04 (RB-04)


Fungsi : Untuk menguapkan sebagian campuran produk bottom DC-04
Gambar :

(51)

RB-04
(52)
(46)

Keterangan :
Q46 : Aliran panas masuk RB-04
Qt : Aliran panas masuk ke DC-04
Q52 : Aliran panas keluar RB-04
Qs in : Aliran panas steam masuk RB-04
Qs out : Aliran panas kondensat keluar RB-04
Kondisi operasi :
T = 157,1850 oC
Panas liquid masuk RB-04 (Q46) pada T = 157,1850 oC
Komponen n (kmol) C dt p
Q46 (kJ)
1-C4H8 32,0068 21242,4535 679903,8196
C4H10 26,4642 22736,7313 601709,9191
c-C4H8 58,8588 20113,9971 1183885,6325
t-C4H8 84,0699 21065,4722 1770971,9047
C2H4 0,0000 26761,2351 0,0000
C2H6 0,0000 23147,2385 0,0000
C3H6 0,7945 20494,5242 16282,1134
c-2-C5H10 60,6090 23441,6509 1420775,6986
t-2-C5H10 65,0134 23433,4536 1523487,4079
Total 327,8166 202436,7564 7197016,4957

Panas liquid keluar dari RB-04 (Q52) pada T = 157,1850 oC .


Komponen n (kmol) C dt
p
Q52 (kJ)
1-C4H8 4,7494 21242,4535 100889,9333
C4H10 3,9270 22736,7313 89286,8547
c-C4H8 8,7340 20113,9971 175675,0573
t-C4H8 12,4750 21065,4722 262791,9304
C2H4 - 26761,2351 -
C2H6 - 23147,2385 -
C3H6 0,1179 20494,5242 2416,0790
c-2-C5H10 8,9937 23441,6509 210826,8277
t-2-C5H10 9,6472 23433,4536 226068,0680
Total 48,6442 202436,7564 1067954,7503
Panas yang disuplai reboiler RB-04 (QRB) = 2346126,5334 kJ
Persamaan Overall Neraca Panas Reboiler-04 (RB-04) :
Q46 + QRB = Qt + Q52
Qt =Q46 + QRB Q52
= 8475188,2788 kJ
Steam yang digunakan adalah saturated steam pada T = 200oC
H saturated vapor (Hv) = 2790,9 kJ/kg
H saturated liquid (Hl) = 852,4 kJ/kg
Jumlah steam yang digunakan :
m = Qrb/(Hv-Hl)
= 1210,2794 kg/jam
Panas yang dibawa steam masuk, Qsi
Qsi = m steam x Hv
= 3377768,6572 kJ/jam
Panas kondensat keluar, Qso
Qso = m steam x Hl
= 1031642,1238 kJ/jam
Persamaan overall neraca panas reboiler 04
Qf + Qs in = Qb + Qt + Qs out
Neraca Panas Reboiler-04 (RB-04)
Komponen Panas Masuk (kJ) Panas Keluar (kJ)
Q46 7197016,4957 -
Q52 - 1067954,7503
Qt - 8475188,2788
Qsi 3377768,6572 -
Qso - 1031642,1238
Total 10574785,1530 10574785,1530

28. Vaporizer 01 (VP-01)


Fungsi : Sebagai tempat menguapkan aliran bottom KD-02
Gambar : 26
VP-01

27
Keterangan:
Q26 = Aliran panas feed VP-01 dari bottom product KD-02
Q27 = Aliran panas likuid dan uap keluaran VP-01 menuju KOD-01
Qlv = Panas laten fluida VP-01
Qsi = Aliran panas steam masuk VP-01
Qso =Aliran panas kondensat keluar VP-01
Panas yang dibawa aliran bottom product KD-02 masuk VP-01
Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q26 (kJ)
1-C4H8 46,8209 10749,1865 503286,3777
C4H10 4,8288 10684,3164 51592,4043
c-C4H8 53,8091 9772,0504 525825,1943
t-C4H8 76,8572 8601,0844 661055,6523
C2H4 0,0000 5701,9047 0,0000
C2H6 0,0000 6556,3754 0,0000
C3H6 0,2782 8339,9608 2320,3952
c-2-C5H10 12,7031 12379,9199 157263,3595
t-2-C5H10 13,5426 12650,5331 171321,4599
Total 208,8400 2072664,8433

Panas yang dibawa aliran output gas VP-01


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q28 (kJ)
1-C4H8 39,1184 4821,6198 188613,9661
C4H10 3,9272 4760,8664 18696,6650
c-C4H8 43,5187 4828,5630 210132,8624
t-C4H8 62,6305 6262,9467 392251,4356
C2H4 0,0000 4083,6421 0,0000
C2H6 0,0000 3465930,1472 0,0000
C3H6 0,2568 4645,9211 1193,0052
c-2-C5H10 8,4993 5212,6468 44304,0332
t-2-C5H10 9,1202 6750,1105 61562,4651
Total 167,0711 916754,4325

Panas yang dibawa aliran output likuid VP-01


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q29 (kJ)
1-C4H8 7,7025 10749,1865 82795,5911
C4H10 0,9016 10684,3164 9633,4269
c-C4H8 10,2904 9772,0504 100558,1070
t-C4H8 14,2268 8601,0844 122365,5059
C2H4 0,0000 5701,9047 0,0000
C2H6 0,0000 6556,3754 0,0000
C3H6 0,0214 8339,9608 178,8141
c-2-C5H10 4,2038 12379,9199 52042,2686
t-2-C5H10 4,4224 12650,5331 55945,8669
Total 41,7689 423519,5805

Panas laten gas output VP-01


Komponen Qlv (kJ)
1-C4H8 865.375,7396
C4H10 88.411,0964
c-C4H8 1.013.938,7734
t-C4H8 1.353.667,5986
C2H4 0,0000
C2H6 0,0000
C3H6 4.752,0048
c-2-C5H10 222.284,8373
t-2-C5H10 237.715,9891
Total 3.786.146,0392

Beban panas VP-01, Qs:


Qs = Qout + Qlv Qin
= 423,519,5805 kJ + 916754,4325 kJ + 3786146,0392 kJ - 2072664,8433 kJ
= 3053755,2089 kJ
Steam yang digunakan adalah saturated steam pada T = 200 oC
Hl = 852,4 kJ/ kg
Hv = 2790,9 kJ/ kg
Jumlah steam yang dibutuhkan, m
m = Qs/ (Hv Hl)
m = 3053755,2089 kJ/ ( 2790,9 852,4 ) kJ/kg
m = 1576,1653 kg/jam
Panas yang dibawa steam masuk VP-01
Qsi = m x Hv
= 4397630,5280 kJ/jam
Panas yang dibawa steam keluar VP-01
Qso = m x Hl
= 1343875,3191 kJ/jam
Panas overall VP-01
Neraca Panas Vaporizer 01 (VP-01)
Panas Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q26 2072664,8433 -
Q28 - 916754,4325
Q29 - 423519,5805
Ql - 3786146,0392
Qsi 4397630,5280 -
Qso - 1343875,3191
Total 6470295,3712 6470295,3712

29. Vaporizer 02 (VP-02)


Fungsi : Sebagai tempat menguapkan aliran output MX-03
Gambar :
55
VP-01

56

Keterangan:
Q55 = Aliran panas feed VP-02 dari output MX-03
Q56 = Aliran panas likuid dan uap keluaran VP-02 menuju KOD-02
Qlv = Panas laten fluida VP-02
Qsi = Aliran panas steam masuk VP-01
Qso =Aliran panas kondensat keluar VP-01

Panas yang dibawa aliran output MX-03 masuk VP-02


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q55 (kJ)
1-C4H8 0,0000 -2852,0154 -0,0003
C4H10 0,0000 -2088,6978 0,0000
c-C4H8 0,0000 -2007,4334 0,0000
t-C4H8 0,0000 -732,8136 0,0000
C2H4 773,4482 -477,4081 -369250,4471
C2H6 0,7167 -1201,1056 -860,8692
C3H6 0,3963 -1982,7384 -785,7856
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 -2943,8907 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 -2964,0118 0,0000
Total 774,5613 -370897,1022

Panas yang dibawa aliran output gas VP-02


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q57 (kJ)
1-C4H8 0,0000 -721,8489 0,0000
C4H10 0,0000 -515,0691 0,0000
c-C4H8 0,0000 -908,6378 0,0000
t-C4H8 0,0000 -1281,4588 0,0000
C2H4 523,1039 -1090,3189 -570350,1094
C2H6 0,3978 244633,7818 97320,0273
C3H6 0,0909 -1013,9127 -92,1199
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 -689,1284 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 -1183,1049 0,0000
Total 523,5926 -473122,2020

Panas yang dibawa aliran output likuid VP-02


Komponen n (kmol) Cp dT (kJ/kmol K) Q58 (kJ)
1-C4H8 0,0000 -2852,0154 -0,0003
C4H10 0,0000 -2088,6978 0,0000
c-C4H8 0,0000 -2007,4334 0,0000
t-C4H8 0,0000 -732,8136 0,0000
C2H4 250,3443 -477,4081 -119516,3959
C2H6 0,3189 -1201,1056 -383,0463
C3H6 0,3055 -1982,7384 -605,6422
c-2-C5H10 0,0000 -2943,8907 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000 -2964,0118 0,0000
Total 250,9687 -120505,0847

Panas laten gas output VP-02


Komponen Q6 (kJ)
1-C4H8 0,0002
C4H10 0,0000
c-C4H8 0,0000
t-C4H8 0,0000
C2H4 7096280,8503
C2H6 5887,3242
C3H6 1681,3547
c-2-C5H10 0,0000
t-2-C5H10 0,0000
Total 7103849,5294

Beban panas VP-01, Qs:


Qs = Qout + Qlv Qin
= -120505,0847 kJ - 473122,2020 kJ +7103849,5294 kJ + 370897,1022 kJ
= 6881119,3449 kJ
Steam yang digunakan adalah saturated steam pada T = 200 oC
Hl = 852,4 kJ/ kg
Hv = 2750,9 kJ/ kg
Jumlah steam yang dibutuhkan, m
m = Qs/ (Hv Hl)
= 3551,6212 kg/jam
Panas yang dibawa steam masuk VP-01
Qsi = m x Hv
= 9909314,4106 kJ/jam
Panas yang dibawa steam keluar VP-01
Qso = m x Hl
= 3028195,0657 kJ/jam
Panas overall VP-02
Neraca Panas Vaporizer 02 (VP-02)
Panas Panas Masuk (KJ) Panas Keluar (KJ)
Q55 -370897,1022 -
Q57 - -473122,202
Q58 - -120505,0847
Ql - 7103849,529
Qsi 9909314,4106 -
Qso - 3028195,0657
Total 9538417,3084 9538417,3084