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2009 NSW BOS General Mathematics Solutions

Free download and print from www.itute.com Copyright 2009 itute.com Q14 Straight line gradient of 6 means when x increases by 1, A
increases by 6. when x increases by 2, A increases by
Section I 2 6 = 12 . D
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
C C C A D A A D 3mn 2 rv rv
Q15 v = , n2 = , n= D
r 3m 3m
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
C B B C B D D A
1
Q16 t A
17 18 19 20 21 22 - - v
C B B B D A - -
Q17 Number of weeks = 35 52 = 1820
Q1 C 0.08
Interest rate per week = C
52
Q2 Time in the car park = 3 hours 20 minutes. Pay $18. C
20 8 20 36
Q18 = , x= = 90 B
Q3 No mean, median and range for categorical data. C x 36 8

8 8 12
Q4 cos = , x= A Q19 Radius 0f cylinder = = 6 cm
x cos 2
Height of cylinder = 2 12 = 24 cm
Q5 D Volume of cylinder = r 2 h = 6 2 24 2714 cm3 B
Q6 Number of years = 2009 1984 = 25 , 3% = 0.03 ,
Q20 Loan amount = 3499 1000 = $2499
compounded annually. A
Total of instalments = 135.36 24 = $3248.64
Interest = 3248.64 2499 = $749.64
4
Q7 = 6 A 749.64
2 Simple interest rate p. a. = 100% 15% B
2 2499
90 Q21 Total before inclusion = 14 10 = 140
Q8 100% 55% D
75 + 90 Total after inclusion = 16 12 = 192
Sum of the two additional scores = 192 140 = 52
5 52
Q9 5 out of 20 numbers are less 6, 120 = 30 C Mean of the two additional scores = = 26 D
20 2
Q10 Let $x be the normal hourly rate. 180 80
35 x + 5 2 x = 561.60 , 45 x = 561.60 , x = 12.48 B Q22 DAC is isosceles, A = = 50
2
ABD = 180 (50 + 60) = 70
1 1
Q11 Area of quarter-circle = r 2 = 82 50.3 cm2 AB 30 30 sin 60
4 4 The sine rule: = , AB = 28 cm A
1 sin 60 sin 70 sin 70
Area of triangle = 4 4 = 8 cm2
2
Shaded area = 50.3 8 42 cm2 B
Section II
Q12 0.0075 m2 = 0.0075 (100 cm )2 = 75 cm2 C
Q23ai Height of building = 25 tan 38 = 19.5 m
Q13 Average % change over 6 months
18000 50000 19.5
= 100% = 64% Q23aii Angle of depression = tan 1 17
50000 62
64%
Average % change per month 11%
6 Q23bi 10 4 = 10000
Decrease by 11%. B

Copyright 2009 itute.com NSW BOS General Mathematics Exam Solutions 2009 1
Q23bii Number of permutation = 2 103 ,
1 Q25b 50 mg = 50 10 3 g
probability = = 0.0005 .
2 103 50 10 3
Mass of each microbe = = 2.0 10 8 g
2.5 106
Q23ci Area of the two squares area of the overlapping square
= 2 2.7 2 0.9 2 = 13.77 m2. h
Q25ci A
3
(
d f + 4d m + d l )
Q23cii 13.77 + 10% 13.77 = 15.147 m2, 16 boxes are 12
required. Total cost = $55 16 = $880 .
= (0 + 4(35 + 20 22 5) + (35 + 20 30 10)) = 508 m2
3

Q23di 4 + 0.30 5 + 0.50 2 + 0.50 4 + 2.00 2 = $12.50 . Q25cii Volume of water = 508 0.60 = 304.8 m3 = 304800 L.
304800
Q23dii Let $x be the maximum withdrawal fees. Number of times = = 76200 .
4
x + 4 = 7 , x = 3.00
Q25di z-score of 1 = 25.8 4.2 = 21.6 C.
Q24ai 78 has the highest frequency, it is the mode.
Q25dii 21.6C and 38.4C correspond to and + 3
45 + 47
Q24aii The median = = 46 , which is in the middle of respectively.
2
68% 99.7%
the ordered data set. Required % = + = 83.85%
2 2
Q24bi 8 million dollars.

Q24bii Total profit = 5 1 = 4 million dollars. Q26ai IQR for boys = 6 2 = 4

Q24c Possible decision: closure of a school in the area. Q26aii 75%


Justification: Not enough school age children living in the area.
Q26aiii Same number of boys and girls in the school.
Q24di y = 200 x
240
Q26bi 135 + 105 = 240 , 24 = 16 hours
Q24dii In any week, the maximum number of pairs of boots 360
made is xmax = 120, and the number of pairs of sandals made is
Q26bii Wind the clock forward by 16 hours, 1 pm Tuesday.
y max = 150.
Q26biii Wind the clock backward by 16 hours, 6 pm
Q24diii At B, profit = 24 50 + 15 150 = $3450 . Wednesday. 14 hours later, 8 am Thursday.
At C, profit = 24 120 + 15 (200 120) = $4080 .
The profit at C is greater than the profit at B by Q26ci 2200 12 20 = $528000
4080 3450 = $630 .
6
Q26cii A = 299300 = $1496.50
3600 12 100
Q24ei = $1200 B = 299300 + 1496.50 2200 = $298596.50
3

Q24eii The computer retains 70% of its previous year value. (1 + r )n 1


70% of a non-zero value > 0. it would never be worth Q26ciii(1) N = M n
,
r (1 + r )
nothing, assuming that nothing means exactly zero.
(1 + 126100 ) 1
240

300000 = M 240
.
70 126100 (1 + 126100 )
Initial value $3600; a year later 3600 , another year later
100
2 3
70 70 1.005240 1
3600 , another year later 3600 , etc. Q26ciii(2) 300000 = M 240
100 100 ,
0.005 1.005
M = $2149.29 .
Q5a 5 2(x + 7 ) = 5 2 x 14 = 2 x 9
Copyright 2009 itute.com NSW BOS General Mathematics Exam Solutions 2009 2
Q27ai 6.4684 5000 = $32342 Q28aii When s = 40 , d = 44 ; when s = 70 , d = 98 .
Difference in d = 98 44 = 54 metres.
407100
Q27aii = $50000
8.1420 Q28bi Strong, positive.

(1 + r )n 1 (1 + 0.01) 1
8 Q28bii Select 2 points on the line of best fit: (80,10.4) , (40,1.2) .
Q27aiii A = M = 1000 = $8285.67 10.4 1.2
r 0.01 Gradient = = 0.23 .
80 40
Interest = 8285.67 1000 8 = $285.67 .
M = 0.23H + c , 1.2 = 0.23 40 + c , c = 8 .
Hence M = 0.23H 8 .
Q27bi
R
N Q28c h d 2 , where h is the height above the ground, in
2.7 km metres, of a persons eyes, and d is the distance, in kilometres,
that the person can see to the horizon.
Q h = kd 2 , where k is the constant of proportionality.
74 1.6 = k 4.52 , and hence k = 0.079 .
58
N 1.8 km When d = 15 , h = 0.079 152 17.8 m.

58 Q28d The sample space is the set of differences, i.e.


{0,1,2,3,4,5} .
P In the following table, frequency = 18 probability.
True bearing of 180 + 58 + 74 = 312 Difference 0 1 2 3 4 5
Probability 6/36 10/36 8/36 6/36 4/36 2/36
Q27bii RP = 2.7 2 + 1.82 2 2.7 1.8 cos 74 2.8 km Frequency 3 5 4 3 2 1
Juan is correct.
1
Q27biii Area = 2.7 1.8 sin 74 2.34 km2
2

Q27c For Mary, Pr (at _ least _ one ) = Pr(one) + Pr (two )


2 Please inform mathline@itute.com re conceptual,
= + 0 = 0.02 .
100 mathematical and/or typing errors.
For Jane, Pr (at _ least _ one ) = Pr(one) + Pr (two )
2 1 1
= + = 0.0201 .
100 100 100
Jane has the better chance.

Q28ai

Copyright 2009 itute.com NSW BOS General Mathematics Exam Solutions 2009 3