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Chapter 2 Sketching 1

Chapter 2
Sketching
2.1 Step-by-Step: W16x50 Beam
2.2 Step-by-Step: Triangular Plate
2.3 More Details
2.4 More Exercise: M20x2.5 Threaded Bolt
2.5 More Exercise: Spur Gears
2.6 More Exercise: Microgripper
2.7 Review
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.1 W16x50 Beam 2

Section 2.1
W16x50 Beam

7.07"

Problem Description .380"

.628"

16.25"
[1] Wide- [2] Nominal [3] Weight
flange I- depth 16 in. 50 lb/ft.
shape
section.

W16x50
R.375"
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.1 W16x50 Beam 3

Start up
Techniques/Concepts
<DesignModeler>
Sketching/Modeling modes
Draw>Rectangle
Draw>Polyline
Dimensions>General
Dimension>Horizontal
Dimensions>Display
Dimensions>Move
Modify>Copy/Paste
Modify>Trim
Modify>Fillet
Constraints>Symmetry
Auto Constraints
Constraint Status
Extrude
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.1 W16x50 Beam 4

Basic Mouse
Operations
[7] Middle-click- [6] Scroll-wheel:
drag: rotation. zoom in/out.

[1] Click:
single
selection
[5] Right-click-
drag: box zoom.
[2] Control-click:
add/remove
selection

[3] Click-sweep: [4] Right-click:


continuous open context
selection. menu.
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.2 Triangular Plate 5

Section 2.2
Triangular Plate

Problem Description

40 mm
[2] Radii
[1] The of the
plate has fillets are
three 10 mm.
planes of
symmetry.
30 mm

300 mm
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.2 Triangular Plate 6

Techniques/Concept
s
Draw>Arc by Center
Dimensions> Radius
Modify>Replicate
Modify>Offset
Constraints>Equal Length
Weak/Strong Dimensions
Weak/Strong Constraints
Selection Filter
Single/Box Selection
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.2 Triangular Plate 7

2D Graphics Controls
[1] <Look At
Face/Plane/Sket
[3] <Pan>. [2] <Zoom to [7] <Next
ch>.
Fit>. View>.

[5] <Zoom>. [4] <Box [6] <Previous


Zoom>. View>.

[8] <Undo>.

[9] <Redo>.
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.3 More Details 8

Section 2.3 More Details

Pull-down Menus
and Toolbars
Mode Tabs
Tree Outline
Sketching
Toolboxes
Graphics area
Details View
Status Bar
Separators
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.3 More Details 9

Sketching Planes
[2] To
create a
[1] new plane,
A sketch must be created on a Currently click <New
active Plane>.
sketching plane; each plane plane.
may contain multiple
sketches.
In the very beginning of a
<DesignModeler> session,
three planes are automatically
created: <XYPlane>,
<YZPlane>, and <ZXPlane>.

[3] There are many


ways of creating
new planes.
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.3 More Details 10

Sketches

A sketch consists of points and edges; edges may be straight lines or


curves.
Multiple sketches may be created on a plane.

[2] Currently [1] To create a new


active sketch. sketch on the active
sketching plane, click
<New Sketch>.
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.3 More Details 11

Auto Constraints

C - The cursor is coincident with a line.


P - The cursor is coincident with another
point. [1] You can
turn on/off
T - The cursor is a tangent point. <Auto
Constraints>.
- The cursor is a perpendicular foot.
H - The line is horizontal.
V - The line is vertical.
// - The line is parallel to another line.
R - The radius is equal to another radius.
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.3 More Details 12

Sketching
Toolboxes
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.4 M20x2.5 Threaded Bolt13

Section 2.4
M20x2.5 Threaded Bolt

Problem
Description
[1] Metric [2] Nominal [3] Pitch
system. diameter p = 2.5
d = 20 mm. mm.

M20x2.
5
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.4 M20x2.5 Threaded Bolt14

H
d H
4
d1

H
8

11 p = 27.5
External
p
threads
32
(bolt)

Internal
threads
(nut)

H = ( 3 2)p = 2.165 m m Minor diameter of internal thread d1


d1 = d (5 8)H 2 =17.294 m m Nominal diameter d
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.4 M20x2.5 Threaded Bolt15

Techniques/Concepts

Dimensions>Angle
Modify>Replicate
Revolve
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.5 Spur Gears 16

Section 2.5
Spur Gears

Problem
Description

To satisfy the fundamental


law of gearing, the gear
profiles are cut to an
involute curve.
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.5 Spur Gears 17

[1] The driving [8] Line of action


gear rotates (common normal of
clockwise. contacting gears). The
pressure angle is 20o.

[2] The driven


gear rotates [4] Pitch
counter- circle of the
clockwise. driving
gear.
[6] Contact
[3] Pitch point (pitch
circle point). [7]
rp = 2.5 in. [5] Line of Common
centers. tangent of
the pitch
[9] circles.
Addendum
ra = 2.75
in. [12] The fillet
has a radius
of 0.1 in.
[10]
Dedendum [11] The shaft
rd = 2.2 in. has a radius of
1.25 in.
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.5 Spur Gears 18

Techniques/Concepts

Draw>Construction Point
Draw>Spline
Modify>Replicate
Constraints>Perpendicular
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.6 Microgripper 19

Section 2.6
Microgripper

Problem
[3] SMA [4] Glass
Description actuator. bead.
[1] Gripping
direction.

[2]
Actuation
direction.
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.6 Microgripper 20
92

D30 32

Unit: m
Thickness: 300 m

212
R45 R25

20

140
77
47
87

144

400
176
280

480
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.6 Microgripper 21

Techniques/Concepts

Constraints>Equal
Radius
Copy bodies (Mirror)
Create new sketch
Constraints>Tangent
Multiple parts