Anda di halaman 1dari 90

Below is the LET Reviewer for d.

I, III and IV
Professional Education Prof. Ed.: Answer: D
Assessment and Evaluation of Learning
Part 1. 3. If I have to use the most authentic
method of assessment, which of these
We encourage readers/ reviewees to procedures should I consider?
use the comment boxes after the article a. Traditional Test
for discussion. Meanwhile, answers are b. Performance-based Assessment
already incorporated below the c. Written Test
questions. d. Objective Assessment
Answer: B
SEE ALSO: LET Reviewer in Prof. Ed.
Assessment and Evaluation of 4. After doing the exercise on verbs, Ms.
Learning Part 2, Part 3, Part 4 Borillo gave a short quiz to find out how
well students have understood the
1. Who among the teachers described lesson. What type of assessment was
below is doing assessment? done?
a. Mrs. Bautista who is administering a a. Summative Assessment
test to her students. b. Formative Assessment
b. Mr. Ferrer who is counting the scores c. Diagnostic Assessment
obtained by the students in his test. d. Placement Assessment
c. Ms. Leyva who is computing the Answer: B
final grade of the students after
completing all their requirements. 5. Who among the teachers below
d. Prof. Cuevas who is planning for a performed a diagnostic assessment?
remedial instruction after knowing that a. Ms. Santos who asked questions
students perform poorly in her test when the discussion was going on to
Answer: C know who among h er students
understood what she was trying to
2. Mr. Fernandez is judging the emphasize.
accuracy of these statements. Which b. Mr. Colubong who gave a short quiz
statements will he consider as correct? after discussing thoroughly the lesson to
I. Test is a tool to measure a trait. determine the programs of learning.
II. Measurement is the process of c. Ms. Ventura who gave 10-item test
qualifying a given trait. to find out the specific lessons which
III. Assessment is the gathering of the students failed to understand.
quantitative and qualitative data. d. Mrs. Lopez who administered a
IV. Evaluation is the analysis of readiness test to the incoming grade
quantitative and qualitative data for one pupils.
decision making Answer: C
A. I and II only
b. III and IV only 6. You are assessing for learning. Which
c. I, II, and III of these will you likely do?
a. Giving grades to students c. Skills
b. Reporting to parents the performance d. Products
of their child. Answer: C
c. Recommending new policies in
grading students. 10. Mr. Ravelas made an essay test for
d. Assessing the strengths and the objective "Identify the planets in the
weaknesses of students. solar system". Was the assessment
Answer: D method used the most appropriate for
the given objective? Why?
7. Ms. Saplan is planning to do an a. Yes, because essay test is easier to
assessment of learning. Which of these construct than objective test.
should she include in her plan b. Yes, because essay test can measure
considering her purpose for any type of objective.
assessment? c. No, he should have conducted oral
a. How to give immediate feedback to questioning.
student's strengths and weaknesses d. No, he should have prepared an
b. How to determine the area of interest objective test.
of learners Answer: D
c. How to certify student's
achievement 11. Mr. Cidro wants to test students'
d. How to design one's instruction knowledge of the different places in the
Answer: C Philippines, their capital and their
products and so he gave his students an
8. You targeted that after instruction,
essay test. If you were the teacher, will
your students should be able to show
you do the same?
their ability to solve problems with speed
a. No, the giving of an objective test
and accuracy. You then designed a tool
is more appropriate than the use of
to measure this ability. What principle of
essay.
assessment did you consider in this
b. No, such method of assessment is
situation?
inappropriate because essay is difficult.
a. Assessment should be based on
c. Yes, essay test could measure more
clear and appropriate learning targets
than what other tests could measure.
or objectives.
d. Yes, essay test is the best in
b. Assessment should have a positive
measuring any type of knowledge.
consequence on student's learning
Answer: A
c. Assessment should be reliable.
d. Assessment should be fair.
12. What type of validity does the Pre-
Answer: A
board examination possess if its results
can explain how the students will likely
9. Ms. Ortega tasked her students to
perform in their licensure examination?
show how to play basketball. What
a. Concurrent
learning target is she assessing?
b. Predictive
a. Knowledge
c. Construct
b. Reasoning
d. Content performance-based assessment
Answer: B while B can be assessed using the
traditional pen-and-paper objective
13. Ms. Aviz wants to determine if the test.
students' scores in their Final Test is b. Objective A matched with traditional
reliable. However, she has only one set assessment while B can be assessed
of test and her students are already on using a performance-based method.
vacation. What test of reliability can she c. Both objective A and B matched with
employ? performance-based assessment.
a. Test-Retest d. Both objective A and B matched with
b. Kuder Richardson Method traditional assessment.
c. Equivalent Forms Answer: A
d. Test-Retest with Equivalent Forms
Answer: B 16. In the context of the Theory of
Multiple Intelligence, which is a
Refer to this case in answering items weakness of the paper-pencil test?
14-15 a. It puts non-linguistically intelligent
Two teachers of the same grade level at a disadvantage.
have set the following objectives for the b. It is not easy to administer.
day's lesson. At the end of the period, c. It utilizes so much time.
the students should be able to: d. It lacks reliability.
a. Construct bar graph, and Answer: A
b. Interpret bar graphs
17. Mr. Umayam is doing a
To assess the attainment of the performance-based assessment for the
objectives, Teacher A required the day's lesson. Which of the following will
students to construct a bar graph for the most likely happen?
given set of data then she asked them a. Students are evaluated in one sitting.
to interpret this using a set of questions b. Students do an actual
as guide. Teacher B presented a bar demonstration of their skill.
graph then asked them to interpret this c. Students are evaluated in the most
using also a set of guide questions. objective manner.
d. Students are evaluated based on
14. Whose practice is acceptable based varied evidences of learning
on the principles of assessment? Answer: B
a. Teacher A
b. Teacher B 18. Ms. del Rosario rated her students
c. Both Teacher A and B in terms of appropriate and effective use
d. Neither Teacher A nor Teacher B of some laboratory equipment and
Answer: A measurement tools and the students
ability to follow the specified procedures.
15. Which is true about the given case? What mode of assessment should Miss
a. Objective A matched with del Rosario use?
a. Portfolio Assessment accomplishments in a given period for
b. Journal Assessment evaluation purposes?
c. Traditional Assessment a. Diary
d. Performance-based Assessment b. Portfolio
Answer: D c. Anecdotal record
d. Observation report
19. Mrs. Hilario presented the lesson on Answer: B
baking through a group activity so that
the students will not just learn how to 22. Mrs. Catalan allowed the students to
bake but also develop their develop their own portfolio in their own
interpersonal skills. How should this style as long as they show all the non-
lesson be assessed? negotiable evidences of learning. What
I. She should give the students an essay principle in portfolio assessment
test explaining how they baked the explains this practice?
cake. a. Content Principle
II. The students should be graded on the b. Learning Principle
quality of their baked cake using a c. Equity Principle
rubric. d. Product Principle
III. The students in a group should rate Answer: C
the members based on their ability to
cooperate in their group activity. 23. How should the following steps in
IV. She should observe how the pupils portfolio assessment be arranged
perform their tasks. logically?
I. Set targets
a. I, II, and III only II. Select evidences
b. I, III, and IV only III. Collect evidences
c. I, II and IV only IV. Rate Collection
d. I, II, III, and IV V. Reflect on Evidences
Answer: C a. I, II, III, IV, V
b. I, III, II, V, IV
20. If a teacher has set objectives in all c. I, II, III, V, IV
domains or learning targets and which d. I, III, V, II, IV
could be assessed using a single Answer: B
performance task, what criterion in
selecting a task should she consider? 24. Which could be seen in a rubric?
a. Generalizability I. Objective in a high level of cognitive
b. Fairness behavior
c. Multiple Foci II. Multiple criteria in assessing learning
d. Teachability III. Quantitative descriptions of the
Answer: C quality of work
IV. Qualitative descriptions of the quality
21. Which term refers to the collection of of work
students' products and a. I and II only
b. II, III and IV only
c. I, II and III 2. Mrs. Acebuche is comparing
d. I, II, III and IV measurement from evaluation. Which
Answer: B statement explains the difference?
a. Measurement is assigning a
25. The pupils are to be judged numerical value to a given trait while
individually on their mastery of the evaluation is giving meaning to the
singing of the national anthem so their numerical value of the trait.
teacher let them sing individually. What b. Measurement is the process of
should the teacher use in rating the gathering while evaluation is the
performance of the pupils considering process of quantifying the data
the fact that the teacher has only one gathered.
period to spend in evaluating her 20 c. Measurement is the process of
pupils? quantifying data while evaluation is the
a. Analytic process of organizing data.
b. Holistic d. Measurement is a pre-requisite of
c. Either holistic or analytic assessment while evaluation is the pre-
d. Both holistic and analytic requisite of testing.
Answer: B Answer: A
Below is the LET Reviewer for
3. Ms. Ricafort uses alternative methods
Professional Education Prof. Ed.:
of assessment. Which of the following
Assessment and Evaluation of Learning
will she not likely use?
Part 2.
a. Multiple Choice Test
b. Reflective Journal Writing
We encourage readers/ reviewees to
c. Oral Presentation
use the comment boxes after the article
d. Developing Portfolios
for discussion. Meanwhile, answers are
Answer: A
already incorporated below the
questions.
4. Ms. Camba aims to measure a
product of learning. Which of these
SEE ALSO: LET Reviewer in Prof. Ed.
objectives will she most likely set for her
Assessment and Evaluation of
instruction?
Learning Part 1, Part 3, Part 4
a. Show positive attitude towards
learning common nouns
1. Mrs. Pua is judging the worth of the
b. Identify common nouns in a reading
project of the students in her Science
selection
class based on a set of criteria. What
c. Construct a paragraph using
process describes what she is doing?
common nouns
a. Testing
d. User a common noun in a sentence
b. Measuring
Answer: C
c. Evaluating
d. Assessing
Answer: C
5. The students of Mrs. Valino are very if they can proceed to the next unit.
noisy. To keep them busy, they were However, the results of the test were
given any test available in the classroom very low. What should the teacher do?
and then the results were graded as a a. Proceed to the next lesson to be able
way to punish them. Which statement to finish all the topics in the course.
best explains if the practice is b. Construct another test parallel to the
acceptable or not? given test to determine the consistency
a. The practice is acceptable because of the scores.
the students behaved well when they c. Count the frequency of errors to find
were given a test. out the lessons that the majority of
b. The practice is not acceptable students need to relearn.
because it violates the principle of d. Record the scores then inform the
reliability. parents about the very poor
c. The practice is not acceptable performance of their child in
because it violates the principle of mathematics.
validity. Answer: C
d. The practice is acceptable since the
test results are graded. 9. Mrs. Nogueras is doing an
Answer: C assessment of learning. At what stage of
instruction should she do it?
6. Ms. Delos Angeles advocates a. Before instruction
assessment for learning. Which will she b. After instruction
NOT likely do? c. Prior to instruction
a. Formative Assessment d. During the instructional process
b. Diagnostic Assessment Answer: D
c. Placement Assessment
d. Summative Assessment 10. Mr. Cartilla developed an
Answer: A Achievement Test in Math for her grade
three pupils. Before she finalized the
7. At the beginning of the school year, test she examined carefully if the test
the 6-year old pupils were tested to find items were constructed based on the
out who among them can already read. competencies that have to be tested.
The result was used to determine their What test of validity was she trying to
sections. What kind of test was given to establish?
them? a. Content-validity
a. Diagnostic b. Concurrent validity
b. Formative c. Predictive validity
c. Placement d. Construct validity
d. Summative Answer: A
Answer: C
11. Mrs. Robles wants to establish the
8. The grade six pupils were given a
reliability of her achievement test in
diagnostic test in addition and
English. Which of the following activities
subtraction of whole numbers to find out
will help achieve her purpose? 13. If Mr. Paraiso will have to make a
a. Administer two parallel tests to scoring rubric for the student's output,
different groups of students. what format is better to construct
b. Administer two equivalent tests to the considering that the teacher has limited
same group of students time to evaluate their work?
c. Administer a single test but two a. Analytic Rubric
different groups of students. b. Holistic Rubric
d. Administer two different tests but to c. Either A or B
the same group of students. d. Neither A nor B
Answer: B Answer: B

Refer to the situation below in answer 14. The school principal has 3 teacher
items 12 and 13 applicants all of whom graduated from
A teacher set the following objectives for the same institution and are licensed
the day's lesson: teachers. She only needs to hire one.
At the end of the period, the students What should she do to choose the best
should be able to: teacher from the three?
a. Identify the parts of friendly letter I. Give them a placement test.
b. Construct a friendly letter using the II. Interview them on why they want to
MS Word, and apply in the school.
c. Show interest towards the day's III. Let them demonstrate how to teach a
lesson particular lesson.
To assess the attainment of the IV. Study their portfolios to examine the
objectives, Ms. Cidro required the qualities of the students' outputs when
students to construct friendly letter and they were in College.
have it encoded at their Computer a. I and II.
Laboratory using the MS Word. The b. II and III.
letter should inform one's friend about c. I and III, IV
what one has learned in the day's d. II, III and IV
lesson and how one felt about it. Answer: D

12. Which is NOT true about the given 15. What should be done first when
case? planning for a performance-based
a. Ms. Cidro practices a balanced assessment?
assessment. a. Determine the "table of specifications"
b. Ms. Cidro's assessment method is of the tasks
performance-based. b. Set the competency to be assessed.
c. Ms. Cidro needs a rubric in scoring c. Set the criteria in scoring the task.
the work of the students. d. Prepare a scoring rubric.
d. Ms. Cidro's assessment targets are Answer: B
all in the cognitive domain.
Answer: D 16. To maximize the amount of time
spent for performance-based
assessment, which one should be b. It can assess individuals at the same
done? time.
a. Plan a task that can be used for c. It is easier to administer than
instruction and assessment at the same performance test.
time. d. It can assess fairly all the domains of
b. Assess one objective for one intelligence of an individual
performance task. Answer: D
c. Set objectives only for cognitive
domains. 19. Which statement about
d. Limit the task to one meeting only. performance-based assessment is
Answer: A FALSE?
a. It emphasizes merely process.
17. Who among the teachers below b. It also stresses doing, not only
gave the most authentic assessment knowing.
task for the objective "Solve word c. It accentuates on process as well as
problems involving the four basic product.
operations" d. Essay tests are an example of
a. Mrs. Juliano who presented a word performance-based assessments.
problem involving a four fundamental Answer: A
operations and then asked the pupils to
solve it. 20. Under which assumption is portfolio
b. Mrs. Mandia who asked her pupils to assessment based?
construct a word problem for a given a. Portfolio assessment is a dynamic
number sentence that involves four assessment.
fundamental operations and then asked b. Assessment should stress the
them to solve the word problem they reproduction of knowledge.
constructed. c. An individual learner is adequately
c. Mrs. Malang who asked her pupils to characterized by a test score.
construct any word problem that d. An individual learner is inadequately
involves the four fundamental characterized by a test score.
operations and then asked them to Answer: D
show how to solve it.
d. Mrs. Pontipedra who asked her pupils 21. Which is a good portfolio evidence
to construct any word problem that of a student's acquired knowledge and
involves the four fundamental writing skills?
operations then formed them by twos so a. Project
that each pair exchanged problems and b. Test Results
help solve each other's problem. c. Reflective Journal
Answer: D d. Critiqued Outputs
Answer: C
18. Which is wrong to assume about
traditional assessment? 22. When planning for portfolio
a. It can assess individuals objectively. assessment, which should you do first?
a. Set the targets for portfolio b. Yes, the teacher could have
assessment. committed the central tendency source
b. Exhibit one's work and be proud of of error.
one's collection c. No, it is just common to see more of
c. Select evidences that could be the students having grade of 3 in a 5-
captured in one's portfolio point scale.
d. Reflect on one's collection and d. No, such result is acceptable as long
identify strengths and weaknesses as it has a positive consequence to the
Answer: A students.
Answer: B
23. Which kind of rubric is best to use in
Below is the LET Reviewer for
rating students' projects done for several
Professional Education Prof. Ed.:
days?
Assessment and Evaluation of Learning
a. Analytic
Part 3.
b. Holistic
c. Either holistic or analytic
We encourage readers/ reviewees to
d. Both holistic and analytic
use the comment boxes after the article
Answer: A
for discussion. Meanwhile, answers are
already incorporated below the
24. Which is not true of an analytic
questions.
rubric?
a. It is time consuming
SEE ALSO: LET Reviewer in Prof. Ed.
b. It is easier to construct than the
Assessment and Evaluation of
holistic rubric
Learning Part 1, Part 2, Part 4
c. It gives one's level of performance per
criterion
1. In a positively skewed distribution, the
d. It allows one to pinpoint the strengths
following statement are true except
and weaknesses of one's work.
a. Median is higher than the mode.
Answer: B
b. Mean is higher than the Media.
c. Mean is lower than the Mode.
25. Mrs. Bacani prepared a rubric with 5
d. Mean is not lower than the Mode.
levels of performance described in 5-
Answer: C
excellent, 4-very satisfactory, 3-
satisfactory, 2 needs improvement, 1-
2. Which of the following questions
poor. After using this rubric with these
indicate a norm - referred interpretation?
descriptions, she found out that most of
a. How does the pupils test performance
her students had a rating of 3. Even
in our school compare with that of other
those who are evidently poor in their
schools?:
performance had a rating of satisfactory.
b. How does a pupil's test performance
Cold there be a possible error in the use
in reading and mathematics compare?
of the rubric?
c. What type of remedial work will be
a. Yes, the teacher could have
most helpful for a slow- learning pupil?
committed the generosity error.
d. Which pupils have achieved master of
computational skills? c. medianmodemean
Answer: A d. Mean=median=mode
Answer: D
3. What is the performance of a student
in the National Achievement Test (NAT) 7. Which of the following situations may
if he obtained/got a stanine score of 5? lower the validity of test?
a. Between average and above average a. Mrs. Josea increases the number of
b. Between average and below average items measuring each specific skill from
c. Below average three to five.
d. Average b. Mr. Santosa simplifies the language in
Answer: D the directions for the test.
c. Miss. Lopeza removes the items in
4. Based on the figure, which is true the achievement test that everyone
about the distribution? would be able to answer correctly.
a. Mean=55, median=48, mode=34 d. None of the above.
b. Mean=46, median=40, mode=37 Answer: D - See more at:
c. Mean=63, median=63, mode=63
8. In a negatively skewed distribution,
d. The distribution is mesokrutic
which of the following statements is
true? a. Mode is lower than the mean. b.
Mean is lower than the mode. c. Median
is higher than the mode. d. Mode is
lower than the median. Answer: B
9. In a negatively skewed distribution,
the following statements are true
EXCEPT? a. Mean is not higher than
the median b. Median is lower than the
mode. c. Mean is lower than the mode.
d. Mode is less than the median.
Answer: C Answer: D
10. Miss Cortez administered a test to
5. If quartile deviation is to median, what her class and the result is positively
is to mean? skewed. What kind of test do you think
a. Standard deviation Miss Cortez gave to her pupils? a. Post
b. Mode test b. Pretest c. Mastery test d.
c. Range Criterion-referenced test Answer: B
d. Variance
Answer: A 11. The result of the test given by
teacher A showed a negatively skewed
6. In a normal distribution, which of the distribution. What kind of test did
following is true? Teacher A give? a. The test is difficult b.
a. median=mode=mean It is not too easy nor too difficult c. It is
b. medianmode=mean
moderately difficult d. It is easy Answer: who took the test. c. 79% of the
D examinees did better than her on the
test. d. He surpassed 97% of those who
12. When the distribution is skewed to
took the test. Answer: D
the right, what kind of test was
administered? a. Difficult b. Easy c. 18. Which set of scores has the least
Average/moderately difficult d. Partly variability? Set 1 0,5,10,15,20 Set 2
easy- partly difficult Answer: A 25,35,45,55 Set 3 0,2,8,15,20 Set 4
505,501,503 a. Set 1 b. Set 2 c. Set 3 d.
13. In a negatively skewed distribution,
Set 4 Answer: D
what kind of students does Teacher B
have? a. Very good b. Very poor c. 19. Standard deviation is to variability as
Average d. Heterogeneous Answer: A mode to? a. Correlation b.
Discrimination c. Central tendency d.
14. In a positively skewed distribution,
Level of difficulty Answer: C
the students are? a. Very good b. Very
poor c. Average d. Normally distributed 20. Goring performed better than 65% of
Answer: B the total number of examinees in the
district achievement test. What is his
15. In a positively skewed distribution,
percentile rank? a. P35 b. P65 c. P66 d.
which of the following statements is
P75 Answer: B
true? a. Mode = 67 while Media = 54 b.
Median = 53 while Mean = 41 c. Mean = 21. Which is a guidance function of a
73 while Mode = 49 d. Median = 34 test? a. Identifying pupils who need
while Mode = 42 Answer: C corrective teaching b. Predicting
success in future academic and
16. Which statements represent
vocational education c. Assigning marks
criterion-referenced interpretation? a.
for courses taken d. Grouping pupils for
Lucresia did better in solving the linear
instruction within a class Answer: B
equation than 80% of representative
Algebra students. b. Lucresia's score 22. Mr. Reyes, an elementary school
indicates that she is able to solve about teacher in Science found out that many
two thirds of all one-variable linear of his pupils got very high scores in the
equations of such complexity. c. test. What measure of central tendency
Students who have reached Lucresia's should he use to describe their average
level on linear equations usually performance in the subject? a. Mean b.
succeed in the subsequent unit on Median c. Mode d. Range Answer: B
simultaneous equations with special
23. Which of the following indicates how
help or extra time; i.e., Lucresia is ready
compressed or expanded the
to move ahead. d. All of the above
distribution of scores is? a. Measures of
Answer: B 4
position b. Measures of central tendency
17. Bernard obtained a 97 percentile c. Measures of correlation d. Measures
rank in an aptitude test. This means a. of variability Answer: D
He answered 97% of the items correctly.
24. The proportion passing the upper
b. He belongs to the 97% of the group
and lower group is .80 and .95,
respectively. What is the index of d. None of the above
difficulty? a. .38 b. .40 c. .58 d. 1.02 Answer: A
Answer: C
3. Miss Corteza administered a test to
25. Mr. Gringo tried to correlate the
her class and the result is positively
scores of his pupils in the Social studies
skewed. What kind of test do you think
test with their grades in the same
Miss Corteza gave to her pupils?
subject last 3rd quarter. What test
a. Posttest
validity is he trying to establish? a.
b. Pretest
Content validity b. Construct validity c.
c. Mastery test
Concurrent validity d. Criterion related
d. Criterion-referenced test
validity Answer: C - See more at:
Answer: B
Below is the
LET Reviewer for Professional 4. In his second item analysis, Mr.
Education Prof. Ed.: Assessment and Gonzales found out that more from the
Evaluation of Learning Part 4. lower group got the test item
15 correctly. What does this mean?
We encourage readers/ reviewees to a. The item has become more valid
use the comment boxes after the article b. The item has become more reliable
for discussion. Meanwhile, answers are c. The item has a positive discriminating
already incorporated below the power
questions. d. The item has a negative
discriminating power
SEE ALSO: LET Reviewer in Prof. Ed. Answer: D
Assessment and Evaluation of
Learning Part 1, Part 2, Part 3 5. Q1 is 25th percentile as media is to
what percentile?
1. If a test item has a difficulty index of a. 40th percentile
0.06, how would you describe the test b. 60th percentile
item? c. 50th percentile
a. It is very easy. d. 75th percentile
b. It is moderately difficulty. Answer: C
c. It is very difficult
d. It is difficult 6. Which is implied by a positively
Answer: C skewed scores distribution?
a. The mean, the median, and the mode
2. Two sections have the same mean are equal.
but the standard deviation of section 2 is b. Most of the scores are high
higher than section 1. Which of the two c. Most of the scores are low.
sections is more homogeneous? d. The mode is high
a. Section 1 Answer: C
b. Section 2
c. Both A and B 7. In a normal distribution curve, what
does a T-score of 60 mean? Answer: D
a. Two SDs below the mean
b. Two SDs below the mean 10. a. equal means, unequal standard
c. One SD below the mean deviations
d. One SD above the mean b. equal means, equal standard
Answer: D deviations
c. unequal means, equal standard
For items 8 to 13, what does each
deviations
figure/distribution on the right indicate?
d. unequal means unequal standard
deviations
8. a. mean > median > mode
b. mean < mode > median
c. mean > mode < median
d. mean < median < mode

Answer: A

11. a unequal means, equal standard


deviations
Answer: D
b. unequal means, equal standard
deviations
9. a. mode < mean < median
c. equal means, equal standard
b. mode > mean > median
deviations
c. median < mode > mean
d. equal means, unequal standard
d. none of the above
deviations
Answer: A Answer: D

12. a. unequal variability, equal means, 14. In conducting a parent- teacher


different shapes conference, which of the following is
b. unequal means, equal variability, NOT true?
different shapes a. Be friendly and informal
c. equal variability, equal means, b. Be a know-it-all person
different shapes c. Be willing to accept suggestions
d. unequal variability, unequal means, d. Be careful in giving advice
different shapes Answer: B

15. In a frequency distribution, what is


the midpoint of the class interval whose
lower and upper limits are 99.5 and
109.5?
a. 107.0
b. 105.0
c. 104.5
d. 102.5
Answer: C

Answer: C 16. In a frequency distribution, what is


the interval size of the class whose
13. a. unequal means, equal standard lower and upper limits are 9.5 and 19.5?
deviations a. 11.0
b. equal means, unequal standard b. 10.0
deviations c. 9.0
c. equal means, equal standard d. 5.0
deviations Answer: B
d. unequal means, unequal standard
deviations 17. Given a mean of 55 and a standard
deviation of 8, what two scores include
one standard deviation below and above
the mean?
a. 46 and 63
b. 47 and 64
c. 47 and 63
d. 46 and 64
Answer: C

18. Given the same mean of 55 and


standard deviation of 8, what score
corresponds to two standard deviation
above the mean?
a. 70 21. Mr. Reyes asked his pupils to
b. 71 indicate on the piece of paper the
c. 72 names of their
d. 73
classmates whom they would like to be
Answer: B
with for some group activity, what
assessment technique did Mr. Reyes
19. What principle of test construction is
use?
violated when one places very difficult
a. Self-report technique
items at the beginning; thus creating
b. Guess-who technique
frustration among students particularly
c. Sociometric technique
those of average ability and below
d. Anecdotal technique
average?
Answer: C
a. All the items of particular type should
be placed together in the test.
22. Which of the following assessment
b. The items should be phrased so that
procedures/tools is useful in assessing
the content rather than the form of the
social relation skills?
statements will determine the answer.
a. Anecdotal record
c. All items should be approximately 50
b. Attitude scale
percent difficulty.
c. Peer appraisal
d. The items of any particular type
d. any of the above
should be arranged in an ascending
Answer: C
order of difficulty.
Answer: D
23. If the proportion passing for the
upper and lower group is .90 and .30
20. Mrs. Reyes would like to find out
respectively, what is the discrimination
how well her students know each other.
index?
What assessment instrument would best
a. .40
suit her objective?
b. .50
a. Self-report instrument
c. .60
b. Sociometric technique
d. .70
c. Guess-who technique
Answer: C
d. All of the above
Answer: C
24. Which is an example of affective
learning outcome?
Item Difficulty Discrimination a. Interpret stimuli from various
Number Index Index modalities to provide data needed in
making adjustments to the environment
1 .58 .49 b. Judge problem and issues in terms of
situations involved than in terms of fixed
2 .92 .72 dogmatic thinking
c. Appreciate the quality and worth of
the story read

3 .09 .32

4 .93 .15
d. None of the above interestingly through the play way
Answer: B method c. Related and linked to the
events happening in everyday life d.
25. Mr. Mirasol who is a high school Practiced at home under the guidance
teacher in English conducted an item of their respective parents. Answer: C
analysis of her test. She found out that
5. Which influenced the military training
four of the items of the test obtained the
requirements among students in the
following difficulty and discrimination
secondary and tertiary levels? a.
indices and as follows:
Chinese b. Greeks c. Orientals d.
Romans Answer: D
6. Which philosophy has the educational
Which of the above items should be
objective to indoctrinate Filipinos to
discard in her item pool?
accept the teachings of the Catholic
a. Item 1
church which is foster faith in God? a.
b. Item 2
Realism b. Pragmatism c. Idealism d.
c. Item 3
Existentialism Answer: C
d. Item 4
Answer: D 7. Virtue as one component in the
teaching of Rizal as a course focuses on
1. The Department of Education gives
the teaching of good and beauty
greater emphasis on the development of
consistent with the good and beauty in
basic skills. What is the philosophical
God. What philosophy supports this? a.
basis for this? a. Essentialism b.
Existentialism b. Idealism c.
Existentialism c. Perennialism d.
Progressivism d. Social
Pragmatism Answer: A
Reconstructionism Answer: B
2. Teacher M views his students as
8. Giving education the highest
unique, free-choosing and responsible
budgetary allocation, the Philippine
individuals. All classroom activities
government recognizes the possible
revolve around the said premise. What
contribution of its future citizens to the
theory underlies this? a. Essentialism b.
national development goals of the
Existentialism c. Progressivism d.
Philippine society. Which stressed this
Realism Answer: B
goal of education for social
3. Religious rituals in the classroom and transformation? a. Athenian education b.
in the school programs prove the deep Followers of Christ c. Greek education
natural religiosity of the Filipinos. Which d. Roman education Answer: D
philosophy has greatly contributed to the
9. The progressivists emphasized the
tradition? a. Buddhism b. Confucianism
individuality of the child. What is the
c. Hinduism d. Islam Answer: B
concern of the reconstructionists? a.
4. In order to make Roman education Experiential learning b. Socialization c.
truly utilitarian, how should the day-to- Social problem Answer: C
day lessons be taught? a. Taught in the
students' native dialect b. Taught
10. One of the following quotations does c. Progressivism
not conform to the Christian doctrine of d. Realism
Education for Humanitarianism. Which Answer: A
one is it?
a. Do unto others as you would like 14. Which one does not illustrate the
others do unto you principle that rights and duties are
b. Love they neighbor as thyself correlative?
c. Not on bread alone is man to live but a. The right of an unmarried pregnant
on every utterance that comes from teacher to abort her baby in relation
mouth of God to her duty to protect her name and
d. Whatever good things we do to our her job as a teacher
poor, helpless brothers, we do it for b. The right of a state to compel
God. students to military service is
Answer: C reciprocated by the duty of the state
to protect them.
11. Scouting and Citizen's Army Training c. The right to a living wage involves the
(CAT) give training in character-building, duty of the school administrators to
citizenship training, etc. Which leads to give the salary agreed upon and the
the creation of a new social order and a duty of the teachers to give a fair
new society eventually. What philosophy amount of work.
supports this? a. Existentialism b. d. The right to life of children and to be
Perennialism c. Progressivism d. Social given respect of such right.
reconstructionism Answer: D Answer: A

12. Teacher V demonstrated the 15. Why should a teacher take the
technique on how to group students obligation upon himself to study and
according to their needs and interests understand the custom and traditions of
and how to use self-paced instructional the community where he works?
materials. Which philosophy is a. To change the culture of the
manifested in this activity? community.
a. Essentialism b. To have a sympathetic attitude for the
b. Progressivism people of the community.
c. Realism c. To identify the weaknesses of the
d. Social Reconstructionism culture of the community.
Answer: B d. To please the people of the
community. Answer: B
13. Teacher G, a Christian Living
teacher, puts so much significance on
values development and discipline. 16. A teacher who is a recognized
What could be her educational expert in carpentry works, taught his
philosophy? students how to prepare and construct
a. Idealism good and aesthetic furniture from local
b. Pragmatism
resources. What cultural transmission b. Don't pass him. She surely will not
process is this? like someone to give you a death threat
a. Acculturation in order to pass.
b. Enculturation c. Pass the student. That will be of use
c. Indoctrination to her, the student and his parents.
d. Observation d. Pass the student. Why suffer the
Answer: B threat?
Answer: D
17. Every first day of the school year,
Miss Reyes prepared activities which 20. Which philosophy approves a
will make her Grade 2 children, sing, teacher who lectures most of the time
plan, learn and introduce themselves to and requires his students to memorize
the class. What process did the teacher the rules of grammar?
emphasize? a. Existentialism
a. Acculturation b. Idealism
b. Enculturation c. Pragmatism
c. Indoctrination d. Realism
d. Socialization Answer: B
Answer: D 21. In a student conducted, the pupils
were asked which nationality they would
18. Which program in the educational prefer if given a choice. Majority of the
system seems to be aligned to the pupils wanted to be Americans. In this
Christian humanitarian principle respect case, in which obligation relative to the
for the human personality? state are schools seemed to be failing?
a. The alternative learning system a. Instill allegiance to the constitutional
delivery authorities
b. The functional literacy program for the b. Promote national pride
out-of-school youth and adults c. Promote obedience to the laws of the
c. The promotion of the basic human state
rights of the Filipino d. Respect for all duly constituted
d. The study of the Philippine authorities.
Constitution Answer: B
Answer: C 22. Which subject in the elementary and
19. With a death threat over his head, likewise in the secondary schools are
Teacher Liza is directed to pass an similar to the goal of Rome to train the
undeserving student, if she is a students for citizenship?
hedonist, which of the following will she a. Communication ARts
do? b. MAPEH/PEHMS
a. Don't pass him, live her principle of c. Science
justice. She will get reward, if not in this d. THE/TLE
life, in the next. 23. Which of the following schools
practices is not based on Social
Reconstructionism?
a. Establishment of SDF a. Liberal Education
b. Exemption of Scouts from CAT b. Moral Education
c. Promoting culture and arts in schools c. Religious Training
d. Promoting project WOW Answer: C d. Social Education
Answer: B
24.Which of the following is the focus of
the Japanese education in the 2. Which reform in the Philippine
Philippines? Educational System advocates the use
a. Democratic ideals and nationalism of English and Filipino as media of
b. Love and service to one's country instruction in specific learning areas?
c. Religion and love for Asian brothers d. a. Alternative Learning
Vocational and health education b. Bilingual Education
Answer: D c. K-12 Program
d. Multilingual Education
25. According to reconstructionism, the Answer: B
goal of education is to bring about a new
social order. Which practice best 3. Activities planned by school clubs/
manifests this view? organizations show school-community
a. The class conducts scientific connection geared towards society's
experiments to discover or verify needs. What philosophy is related to
concepts. this?
b. The class discusses role models and a. Existentialism
their impact on society. b. Progressivism
c. The class allowed to engage in c. Realism
divergent thinking. d. Social reconstructionism
d. The class undertakes well-planned Answer: D
projects in the community.
Answer: D 4. What philosophy is related to the
practice of schools acting as laboratory
Here is the Part 2 of Professional for teaching reforms and
Education (Prof. Ed.) Foundations of experimentation?
Education reviewer for Licensure Exam a. Essentialism
for Teachers (LET). We encourage b. Existentialism
readers/ reviewees to use the comment c. Progressivism
boxes after the article to discuss d. Social Reconstructionism
answers. Answers are also incorporated Answer: C
below the questions. SEE ALSO: LET
Reviewer in Professional Education
(Prof Ed) Foundations of Education Part
1 1. Teacher A, a Values Education 5. Which of the following situations
teacher emphasizes ethics in almost all presents a value conflict?
her lessons. Which of the following a. The teacher and his students have
emphasizes the same? class standing as their priorities.
b. The teacher and the administrator c. Perennialism
follow a set of criteria in giving grades. d. Pragmatism
c. The teacher has students whose Answer: C
parents want their children to obtain
higher grades than what they are 9. Which of the following is not a
capable of getting. function of the school?
d. The teacher sets high expectations a. Changing cultural practices
for intelligent students such as getting b. Development of attitudes and skills
higher grades. c. Reproduction of species
Answer: C d. Socialization among children
Answer: C
6. Which situation shows that a sense
of nationhood is exemplified? 10. Which move liberalized access to
a. The class conducted a debate using education during Spanish period?
Filipino as medium a. The education of illiterate parents
b. The class is required to watch the TV b. The establishment of at least one
sitcom of Oprah to improve their English primary school for boys and girls in each
communication skills. municipality
c. The class opted to make a choral c. The hiring of tribal tutors to teach
rendition of the theme song of a foreign children
movie. d. The provision of vocational training for
d. When Teacher Chris asked her Grade school age children
2 students in what country they wish to Answer: B
live, most of them chose United States.
Answer: A 11. Which of the following is the chief
7. A teacher who believes in the aim of Spanish education?
progressivist theory of education would a. Conformity and militarism
embrace certain reforms on b. Perpetuation of culture
methodology. Which reform would be c. Propagation of the Catholic religion
consistent with this theory? d. Utilitarianism and conformity
a. Active participation of teachers Answer: C
b. Formal instructional pattern
c. Strict external discipline 12. Which of the following is the aim of
d. Teacher domination of class activities our education during the
Answer: A Commonwealth period?
a. Designed after Japanese education
b. Patterned after the American
8. What philosophy of education curriculum
advocates that the curriculum should c. Predominantly religious
only include universal and unchanging d. Purely nationalistic and democratic
truths? Answer: D
a. Essentialism
b. Idealism 13. Which of the following is not a
reason why the basic education
curriculum has been restructured? 17. Homeroom advisers always
a. To become emphasize the importance of
globally competitive during this industrial cleanliness of the body. Children are
age taught how to wash their hands before
b. To be relevant and responsive to a and after eating. What is this practice
rapidly changing world called?
c. To empower the Filipino learners for a. Folkway
self- development throughout their life. b. Laws
d. To help raise the achievement level of c. Mores
students d. Social norm
Answer: D Answer: D

14. Which philosophy of education 18. Which curricular move served to


influence the singing of the National strengthen spiritual and ethical values?
Anthem in schools? a. Integration of creative thinking in all
a. Nationalism subject
b. Naturalism b. Introduction of Values education as a
c. Pragmatism separate subject area
d. Socialism c. Reducing the number of subject areas
Answer: A into skill subject
d. Re-introducing science as a subject in
15. Who among the following believes Grade 1
that learning requires disciplined Answer: B
attention, regular homework, and
respect for legitimate authority? 19. The greatest happiness lies in
a. Essentialist the contemplative use of mind, said
b. Progressivist Plato. Which of the following activities
c. Realist adheres to this?
d. Reconstructionist a. Cooperative learning
Answer: A b. Instrospection
c. Role Playing
16. Which of the following is the main d. Social Interaction
function of the philosophy of education? Answer: B
a. Reconsider existing educational goals
in the light of society's needs 20. Your teacher is of the opinion that
b. Provide the academic background the word and everything in it are ever
prerequisite to learning changing and so teaches you the skill to
c. Define the goals and set the direction cope with the changes. Which in his
for which education is to strive governing philosophy?
d. Aid the learner to build his own a. Experimentalism
personal philosophy b. Existentialism
Answer: C c. Idealism
d. Realism 24. Which philosophy influenced the
Answer: A cultivation of reflective and meditative
skills in teaching?
21. Teacher Myra says: "If it is billiard a. Confucianism
that brings students out of the b. Existentialism
classroom, let us bring it into the c. Taoism
classroom. Perhaps, I can use it to d. Zen Buddhism
teach Math". To which philosophy does Answer: D
teacher Myra adheres to?
a. Essentialism 25. Which of the following situation
b. Idealism manifests a balance between teachers
c. Progressivism responsibility and accountability?
d. Reconstructionism a. She entertains her students with
Answer: C personal stories until the end of the
period.
22. Which of the following should be b. She spends most of the time on the
done to build a sense of pride among latest gossips in showbiz.
Filipino youth? c. She teaches as much as she could
a. Replace the study of folklores and for duration of the period.
myths with technical subjects d. She teaches as well as entertains the
b. Re-study our history and stress on students with per personal stories.
our achievements as people Answer: C
c. Re-study our history from the -
perspective of our colonizers
Below is the Part 1 of Professional
d. Set aside the study of local history
Education (Prof. Ed.) Child and
Answer: B
Adolescent Development reviewer for
Licensure Exam for Teachers (LET).
23. A teacher who subscribes to the
pragmatic philosophy of education
We encourage readers/ reviewees to
believes that experience study should
use the comment boxes after the article
follow learning in her teaching. Which of
for discussion. Meanwhile, answers are
the following does she do to support her
already incorporated below the
belief?
questions.
a. Encouraging learners to memorize
factual knowledge
1. Dr. Escoto, the school physician
b. Equipping learners with the basic
conducted a physical examination in Ms.
abilities and skills
Manuel's class. What concept best
c. Providing learners opportunities to
describes the quantitative increase
apply theories and principles
observed by Dr. Escoto among learners
d. Requiring learners full master of the
in terms of height and weight?
lesson.
a. Development
Answer: C
b. Growth
c. Learning
d. Maturation 5. Teacher Jesus in now 69 years old
Answer: B has been observing changes in himself
such as the aging process. Which term
2. Which situation best illustrates the refers to the development change in the
concept of growth? individual?
a. A kinder pupil gains 2 pounds within a. Development
two months. b. Growth
b. A high school student gets a score of c. Learning
85 in mental ability test. d. Maturation
c. An education student has gained Answer: D
knowledge on approaches and
strategies in teaching different subjects 6. Manuel, a five-year old boy can hold
d. An elementary grader has learned to his pen and write his name with his right
play piano. hand. Which term describes Manuel's
Answer: A action/ behavior?
a. Development
b. Growth
3. Which statements below best c. Learning
describes development? d. Maturation
a. A high school student's height Answer: A
increased by 5'2" to 5'4"
b. A high school student's change in 7. Which of the following theory can help
weight from 110 lbs. to 125 lbs. Miss Samson determine the readiness
c. A student had learned to operate the of her learners by administering a
computer readiness test?
d. A student's enlargement of hips a. Conditioning Theories
Answer: C b. Cognitive Development Theory
c. Maturation Theory
d. Ethological Theory
4. What concept can best describes Answer: C
Francisco's ability to walk without a 8. Mr. Francisco was very much worried
support at age of 12 months because of about the thumb sucking of his son. A
the "internal ripening" that occured in his friend of him says that certain behavior
muscles, bones and nervous system among infants. Who presented that
development? notion that certain behavior like thumb-
a. Development sucking is normal behavior?
b. Growth A. Sigmund Freud
c. Learning b. Erick Ericson
d. Maturation c. John Bowlly
Answer: D d. Urie Bronfrenbenner
Answer: A

9. A newborn infant move his whole


body at one time, instead of moving a c. Phallic
part of it. Which of the following d. Latency
principles is illustrated by his behavior? Answer: D
a. Development proceeds from specific
to general. 13. Which of the following is likely to be
b. Development proceeds from general developed if infants are shown genuine
to specific. affection?
c. Development follows an orderly a. Trust
pattern. b. Autonomy
d. Development follows a general c. Initiative
pattern. d. Industry
Answer: B Answer: A

10. Train up a child in the way he should 14. Christian develops an integral and
be; when he grows up, he will not depart coherent sense of self. He seeks
from it. Which principle supports this? answers to the question. "Who am I"?
a. Development is determined by his Which of the following is Christian likely
heredity to develop?
b. Development is determined by the a. Initiative
environment b. Identity and Role Confusion
c. Early development is more critical c. Intimacy
than the late development d. Autonomy
d. Early development is less critical than Answer: B
late development.
Answer: B 15. Ms. Reyes uses images and
language to represent and understand
11. Which state of the psycho-sexual her various lessons to preschool
theory does young boys experience learners. What stage in the cognitive
rivalry with their father for their mother's theory of development explains this?
attention and affection? a. Sensorimotor
a. Oral b. Preoperational
b. Anal c. Concrete operation
c. Phallic d. Formal operation
d. Latency Answer: B
Answer: C
16. Connie develops concepts
12. Angela focuses her attention on the necessary for everyday living, builds
school work and vigorous play that healthy attitudes towards oneself, and
consume most of her physical energy. achieve personal independence. These
Which stage of psychosexual theory are among the attributes of an individual
illustrates her behavior? in what particular stage?
a. Oral a. Infancy and early childhood
b. Anal b. Middle childhood
c. Adolescence 20. Trisha goes with her mother in
d. Early adulthood school. She enjoys the workplace of her
Answer: B mother. Which of the following
ecological theories is illustrated by the
17. Some children are more active than situation?
others, as everyone knows-extremely a. Microsystem
highlevels of activity or hyperactivity are b. Mesosystem
considered problematic. How may a c. Exosystem
teacher help a child who is hyperactive? d. Macrosystem
a. Make him the leader of the class Answer: C
b. Transfer him to another class
c. Give him challenging activities that 21. Lito, a student in secondary level
are appropriate to his ability level and tends to spend more time with his
interests. friends and his family, thus, his behavior
d. Allow him to spend longer at the is greatly affected by them. In which
playground until he gets tired. stage in the Psychosocial Stages of
Answer: C Development does Lito belong?
a. Autonomous vs Shame and Doubt
18. Tessa gets jealous whenever she b. Identity vs. Role Confusion
sees her father showing love and c. Intimacy vs. Isolation
affection to her mother. Which of the d. Initiative vs. Guilt
following is she showing according to Answer: D
Freud?
a. Complex 22. Anna believes that authority is
b. Phallic respected. She is now in what particular
c. Electra Complex level in moral development theory of
d. Oedipus Complex Lawrence Kholberg?
Answer: C a. Social contract
b. Law and order orientation
19. In Piaget's Theory of Cognitive c. Interpersonal concordance
Development, which of the following d. Universal ethics orientation
statements would illustrate Edward who Answer: A
is 11 years old?
a. Able to see relationships and to 23. What level has a four year old
reason in the abstract. learner like Maryann reached when she
b. Unable to breakdown a whole into acquired new skills such as putting the
separate parts. same shapes and the same colors
c. Differentiates goals and goal-directed together?
activities. a. Development
d. Experiments with methods to reach b. Maturation
goals. c. Zone of Proximal Development
Answer: A d. Learning
Answer: C
c. Development is the gradual and
24. Which of the following principles can orderly unfolding of the characteristics of
be the basis of the growing realization of the individuals as they go through the
the significance of the early childhood successive stages of growth.
education? d. All of the above
a. The young children are capable of Answer: D
doing many things at an early stage.
b. The child should be seen and should 2. What do you call the quantitative
learn. increase in terms of height and weight
c. The first five years of life are the as observed by the school physician
formative years of the child. during the physical examination of the
d. Early childhood experiences can be students?
interesting and challenging. a. Development
Answer: B b. Growth
c. Learning
25. Which of the following learner's d. Maturation
characteristics will affect most of the Answer: B
learners learning in the academic class?
a. His affective characteristics 3. Mrs. Gomez conducts research on
b. His cognitive characteristics the psychosocial domain of
c. His psychomotor characteristics development. In what particular area of
d. His socio-emotional characteristics the child's development is Mrs. Gomez
most likely to be interested with?
a. Perceptual abilities
Below is the Part 2 of Professional b. Brain-wave patterns
Education (Prof. Ed.) Child and c. Emotions
Adolescent Development reviewer for d. Use of language
Licensure Exam for Teachers (LET). We Answer: C
encourage readers/ reviewees to use
the comment boxes after the article for 4. Which of the following is the correct
discussion. Meanwhile answers are order of psychosexual stages proposed
already incorporated below the by Sigmund Freud?
questions. SEE ALSO: LET Reviewer in a. Oral stage, anal stage, phallic stage,
Prof. Ed. Child and Adolescent latency stage, genital stage
Development Part 1 b. Anal stage, oral stage, phallic stage,
latency stage, genital stage
1. Which of the following is true about c. Oral stage, anal stage, genital stage,
human development? latency stage, phallic stage
a. Human development considers both d. Anal stage, oral stage, genital stage,
maturation and learning. latency stage, phallic stage
b. Development refers to the Answer: A
progressive series of changes of an
orderly coherent type toward the goal of
maturity.
5. What is the best description of c. Environment is the major influence on
Erickson's psychosocial theory of physical characteristics.
human development? d. Heredity directs the individual's
a. Eight crises all people are thought to potential and environment determines
lace whether and to what degree the
b. Four psychosocial stages in latency individual reaches the potential.
period Answer: A
c. The same number of stages as
Freud's, but with different names 9. What is the correct sequence of
d. A stage theory that is not prenatal stages of development?
psychoanalytic Answer: A a. Embryo, germinal, fetus
b. Germinal, fetus, embryo
6. In Erickson's theory, what is the c. Germinal, embryo, fetus
unresolved crisis of an adult who has d. Embryo, fetus, germinal
difficulty establishing a secure, mutual Answer: C
relationship with a life partner?
a. Initiative vs. Guilt 10. When a baby realized that a rubber
b. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt duck which has fallen out of the tub
c. Intimacy vs. Isolation must be somewhere on the floor, he is
d. Trust vs. Mistrust likely to achieved what aspect of
Answer: C cognitive development?
a. Object permanence
7. Alyssa is eight years old, and b. Deferred imitation
although she understands some logical c. Mental combinations
principles, she still has troubles in d. Goal-directed behavior
understanding hypothetical concepts. Answer: A
According to Piaget, Alyssa belongs to
what particular stage of cognitive 11. Which of the following will be Freud's
development? description of the child's behavior if he
a. Sensorimotor he has biting, sarcastic manner?
b. Preoperational a. Anally expulsive
c. Concrete operational b. Anally retentive
d. Formal operational c. Fixated in the oral stage
Answer: C d. Experiencing the crisis of trust vs.
8. Which of the following provides the mistrust
best broad description of the Answer: C
relationship between heredity and
environment in determining height? 12. What is Freud's idea about a young
a. Heredity is the primary influence, with boy's guilt feelings brought about by
environment affecting development only jealousy of his father's relationship with
in severe situations. his mother?
b. Heredity and environment contribute a. Electra complex
equally to development b. Oedipus complex
c. Phallic complex c. Create operational thought
d. Penis envy complex d. Formal operational thought
Answer: B Answer: C

13. When a little girl who says she 17. What is the best explanation of
wants her mother to go on vacation so Piaget's concrete operational thought to
that she can marry her father, Freud describe the school-age child's mental
believes that he is voicing a fantasy ability?
consistent with? a. A child can reason logically about
a. Oedipus complex things and events he or she perceives.
b. Electra complex b. A child's ability to think about how he
c. Theory of mind thinks
d. Crisis of initiative vs. Guilt c. Can understand that certain
Answer: B characteristics of an object remain the
same when other characteristics are
14. Which of the following can best changed
describe the preschooler's readiness to d. Can understand that moral principles
learn new task and play activities? may supersede the standards of society.
a. Emerging competency and self- Answer: C
awareness
b. Theory of the Mind 18. Elisa who is in between 9 and 11
c. Relationship with parents years of age are most likely to
d. Growing identification with others demonstrate moral reasoning at which
Answer: A Kohlberg's stage?
a. Pre-conventional
15. James noted that when the b. Conventional
preschoolers eagerly begin many new c. Post-conventional
activities but are vulnerable to criticism d. None of the above
and feelings of failure, they are Answer: B
experiencing what particular crisis?
a. Identity vs. Role Confusion
b. Initiative vs. Guilt
c. Basic trust vs. mistrust 19. According to Kohlberg, a dutiful
d. Efficacy vs. Helplessness citizen who obeys the laws set down by
Answer: B society is at which level of moral
reasoning?
16. What stage of Piaget's Cognitive a. Pre-conventional Stage One
Development does a person belong to b. Pre-conventional Stage Two
when he can understand specific logical c. Conventional
ideas and apply them to concrete d. Post-conventional
problems? Answer: C
a. Preoperational thought
b. Operational thought
20. Ana, who is low-achieving, shy and d. Offer practical advice, such as
withdrawn, is rejected by most of her clothing suggestions, to improve her
peers. her teacher wants to help Ana body image.
increase her self-esteem and social Answer: D
acceptance. What can Joy's teacher
suggest to her parents? 23. What can be the best comparison of
a. Transfer her to a different school the behavior of a 17 year old girl to that
b. Help their daughter improve her of her 13 year old brother?
motor skills a. She is more likely critical about
c. Help their daughter learn to accept herself
more responsibility for her academic b. She tends to be more egocentric.
failures c. She had less confidence in her
d. Help their daughter improve her skills abilities.
in relating to peers d. She is more capable of reasoning
Answer: D hypothetically.
Answer: D
21. What is the most accurate definition
of puberty stage? 24. According to Erikson, what is the
a. Rapid physical growth that occurs primary task of adolescent?
during adolescence a. To establish trust
b. Stage when sexual maturation is b. To search for his identity
attained. c. To be more intimate with others
c. Rapid physical growth and sexual d. To establish integrity
maturation that ends childhood Answer: B
d. Stage when adolescents establish
identifies separate from their parents. 25. What is the main source of
Answer: C emotional support for most young
people who are establishing
22. Fifteen year old Marie is independence from their parents?
preoccupied with her "disgusting a. Older adolescents of the opposite sex
appearance" and seems depressed b. Older sibling
most of the time. What is the best thing c. Teachers
her parents can do to help her get d. Peer groups Answer: D
through this difficult time? Below is the Part 1 of Professional
a. Ignore her self-preoccupation Education (Prof. Ed.) Principles of
because their attention would only Learning and Motivation reviewer for
reinforce it. Licensure Exam for Teachers (LET).
b. Encourage to "shape up" and not give
in the self-pity We encourage readers/ reviewees to
c. Kid her about her appearance in the use the comment boxes after the article
hope that she will see how silly she is for discussion. Meanwhile, answers are
acting. already incorporated below the
questions.
the situation?
1. Which theory operates on the a. Dual-Coding Learning Theory
"stimulus-response principle", which b. Information Processing
means all behaviors are caused by c. Schema Learning Theory
external stimuli? d. Social Learning
a. Contextual theory Answer: D
b. Behaviorist theory
c. Cognitive theory 5. Patrice is always fearful of freely
d. Constructivist theory roaming dogs but does not mind dogs in
Answer: B a pen or on a leash. What feature of
classical conditioning is exhibited?
2. Ms. Erika in her Biology class a. Discrimination
accompanies her discussion with b. Extinction
interesting visual aids. She strongly c. Generalization
believes that students learn better when d. Practice
lessons are presented with images, real Answer: A
or imagined aside from mere lecture
method. Which learning theory does she 6. A music teacher is careful in planning
upholds? activities for each lesson. He praises
a. Dual-Coding Theory liberally and rewards correct answers.
b. Information Processing Theory What view of learning is exhibited?
c. Meaningful Reception Learning a. Classical conditioning
Theory b. Meaningful learning
d. Social Cognitive Theory c. Operant conditioning
Answer: A d. Social learning
Answer: C
3. Miss Rita is an excellent Physical
Education teacher. She started teaching 7. Which of the theories of learning
volleyball to her Grade 2 class. Despite presents or states that learning skills are
all her efforts, her class does not seem hierarchically arranged?
to learn how to play the game. What a. Cumulative Learning
law of learning was disregarded? b. Meaningful Learning
a. Law of Disuse c. Social Cognitive Learning
b. Law of Effect d. Theory of Instruction
c. Law of Exercise Answer: A
d. Law of Readiness
8. Which of the following best describes
Answer: D
what meaningful learning is?
a. When what is to be learned is new
4. Teacher jay, a physical education
and easy for the students
teacher, demonstrates the new skill to
b. Materials presented are difficult and
be learned so that his students can
challenging to the students
watch him and later reproduce the skill.
c. When the materials to be learned is
What learning theory is associated with
related to what students already know
d. Students find the lessons easy and Answer: B
relevant to what was assigned to them
Answer: C 13. The students of Mrs. Reyes were not
able to learn the concepts that she
9. Rita easily remember dates and presented yesterday so she taught the
events in history. What component of same concepts again but this time using
LTM does Rita have? a different teaching method. What
a. Creative thinking principle of learning was applied?
b. Critical thinking a. Concepts should be presented in
c. Reflective thinking varied and different ways
d. Logical thinking b. Effort was put forth when tasks are
Answer: C challenging
c. Learning by doing is more effective
10. An Earth Science has just completed than just by sitting and listening
a unit on the sun. As she recognizes her d. Learning is aided by formulating and
next unit on other stars, she uses the asking questions
sun as a frame of reference. What view Answer: A
of learning was used?
a. Discovery learning 14. Alvin is a transferee and feels
b. Informative learning uneasy with his new school. His teacher
c. Meaningful learning is very accommodating, warm and
d. Transfer learning caring. Alvin felt comfortable with the
Answer: C teacher display of genuine warmth. The
teacher is consistent in his manner and
11. Which is an application of cognitive Alvin began to associate school with the
approach to motivation? teacher's warmth. Which theory is being
a. Explain the reasons for studying the illustrated?
topic a. Meaningful learning
b. Create a supportive classroom b. Operant conditioning
climate for students c. Classical conditioning
c. Provide clear and prompt feedback d. Observational learning
on assignments Answer: B
d. Begin lessons with challenging
questions and conflicting events 15. After just being introduced to
Answer: A another guest in the party, Tom cannot
remember the name of the guest he was
12. The first people power was held in introduced to. In what memory stage
February 25, 1986. What kind of was the information stored in?
knowledge is presented? a. Episodic memory
a. Conditional Knowledge b. Semantic memory
b. Cognitive Knowledge c. Sensory memory
c. Domain-Specific Knowledge d. Working memory
d. Procedural Knowledge Answer: C
d. The environment can be used to
16. Vygotsky claimed that social focus the student's attention on what
interaction is important for learning. needs to be learned.
What does this imply? Answer: D
a. Children are independent problem
solvers 19. For every correct answer, the
b. Children learn from adults and other teacher would give a star to her
children students. What schedule of
c. Children learn by passive reinforcement was used?
presentation of information a. Fixed interval
d. Children in the crib has no learning b. Fixed ratio
yet, since they are not capable of c. Variable interval
interaction d. Variable ratio
Answer: B Answer: B

17. How would you help a student who 20. Marga, a six year old, always asked
is intelligent but is underachieving in her playmates to sit in front of her small
class? black board and she plays teacher. Her
a. Provide challenging activities which mother is a teacher. What theory
he/she can accomplish explains Marga's behavior?
b. Recognize his talents by asking a. Classical Conditioning
him/her to help other students with their b. Operant Conditioning
work c. Social Learning
c. Identify the immediate causes of d. Information Processing
difficulties that cause his/her being an Answer: C
underachiever
d. Allow him/her to work with the slow 21. What should the teacher do to help
learner group to cope with the academic students learn psychomotor skills?
needs of the lesson. a. Teacher uses verbal explanation and
Answer: C description of the movements in addition
to live demonstration of the movements
18. Mrs. Corpuz always makes sure that b. Teacher provides feedback to the
her pre-school classroom is well learner about his/her progress
organized and clean. She puts up c. Teacher encourages the learner to
interesting and colorful visuals on the practice, in order to maintain his/her
bulletin boards. What principle of sharpness of the movements
motivation was applied? d. All of the above
a. Incentives motivate learning Answer: D
b. Internal motivation is longer lasting
and more self-directive than is external 22. The teacher presented a new lesson
motivation where in the students were asked to
c. Motivation is enhanced by the way in work on a new project which was
which instructional material is organized. somewhat complicated. The students
showed interest while working on the c. Motivation is enhanced by the way in
project. What principle applies to the which the instructional material is
situation? organized
a. Effort was put forth when tasks are d. Motivation to perform is affected by
challenging expectancy and value
b. Lessons should be presented in Answer: A
varied and different ways
Below is the Part 2 of Professional
c. Meaningful materials are readily
Education (Prof. Ed.) Principles and
learned than nonsense materials
Theories of Learning and Motivation
d. Teachers should provide opportunities
reviewer for Licensure Exam for
for meaningful and appropriate practice
Teachers (LET). We encourage readers/
Answer: A
reviewees to use the comment boxes
after the article for discussion.
23. Maturation should precede certain
Meanwhile, answers are already
types of learning. How is this applied in
incorporated below the questions. SEE
the classroom?
ALSO: LET Reviewer in Prof. Ed.
a. Concepts should be taught from
Principles and Theories of Learning and
simple to complex
Motivation Part 1
b. Consider the age level of students in
assigning tasks 1. Based on Bandura's theory, which
c. Follow the interest of students in conditions must be present for a student
assigning tasks to learn from a model?
d. Give the same task to all students in I. Attention
a particular grade level II. Retention
Answer: A III. Motor Reproduction
IV. Motivation
24. Luz easily learns a lesson when she a. I and II
is working with laboratory equipment but b. I, II and III
hardly remembers a lesson the teacher c. I, II, III and IV
lectured on. What type of learner is Luz? d. III and IV Answer: C
a. Auditory Learner 2. Which of the following principles of
b. Kinesthetic Learner learning applies to considering student's
c. Tactile Learner age in presenting certain content and
d. Visual Learner cognitive processes?
Answer: D a. Principle of readiness
b. Principle of learning by doing
25. Which of the following statements c. Principle of presenting challenging
about motivation is false? tasks
a. External motivation is longer lasting d. Principle of learning aided by
and more self-directive than internal formulating and asking questions
motivation Answer: A
b. Internal motivation is fueled by one's
goals or ambitions
3. In classical conditioning, which are b. STM-sensory register-LTM
paired together in order to elicit the c. Sensory register-LTM-STM
desired response? d. LTM-sensory register- STM
a. UCS and NS Answer: A
b. CS and NS
c. UCS and CS 8. What should be the hierarchy of the
d. UCR and NS types of learning according to the
Answer: A cumulative learning theory?
1. Problem solving learning
4. According to Thorndike, what law 2. Rule learning
states that the strength of a connection 3. Discrimination learning
is influenced by the consequences of 4. Concept learning
the response? a. 2-1-3-4
a. Law of disuse b. 2-1-4-3
b. Law of effect c. 2-3-4-1
c. Law of exercise d. 2-4-3-1
d. Law of readiness Answer: D
Answer: B
9. Which is essential in meaningful
5. A burglary occurred in Jason's reception learning?
neighborhood. Since then, Jason is very a. Concepts are presented to learner
careful of locking their doors and closing and received by them.
windows. What theory best explains b. Concepts are discovered by the
Jason's behavior? learner
a. Observational learning c. Concepts are related to one another
b. Imitation learning d. Concepts are solicited from the
c. Self-regulated learning learners
d. Vicarious learning Answer: C
Answer: D
10. Grace is bilingual. She speaks both
6. In observation and imitation learning, English and Filipino fluently. She begins
what should be the learner's response to study Spanish and immediately
when the teacher initially models the recognizes many similarities between
behavior? the Spanish and Filipino languages and
a. Reproduce and match uses this information to acquire the new
b. Pay Attention language faster. What kind of transfer
c. Imitate and practice was Grace able to use?
d. Shows satisfaction a. Lateral Transfer
Answer: B b. General Transfer
c. Specific Transfer
7. What is the correct sequence of d. Vertical Transfer
information processing? Answer: C
a. Sensory register-STM-LTM
11. Cristina is almost asleep when she 15. Rob regularly practice playing the
felt the need to go to the bathroom. She guitar so he can finish Book I. His
tried to sleep it off but after a while, she mother promised to buy him a Nintendo
was forced to stand up and go to the when he finishes Book I. How is Rob
bathroom. What theory of motivation motivated?
explains Cristina's behavior? a. Extrinsically
a. Attribution Theory b. Intrinsically
b. Drive Theory c. with Self-Determination
c. Expentancies and Values Theory d. with Self-Efficacy
d. Solomon's Opponent Theory Answer: C
Answer: C
16. Lara excels in dancing and in certain
12. Marko excels in adding numbers. He sports. According to Gardner what
learned this skill in his Math class. He is intelligence is dominant in Lara?
now able to apply this skill in his Music a. Bodily kinesthetic
class. What type of transfer was used? b. Intrapersonal
a. Lateral transfer c. Musical
b. General transfer d. Spatial
c. Specific transfer Answer: A
d. Vertical transfer
Answer: B 17. According to Bronfenbrenner, what
system contains structures that has
13. Mr. Lorenzo would always give the direct contact with the child?
chapter test on a Friday. What schedule a. Chronosystem
of reinforcement is used by Mr. b. Exosystem
Lorenzo? c. Mesosystem
a. Fixed interval d. Microsystem
b. Fixed ratio Answer: D
c. Variable interval 18. Some learners like to find specific
d. Variable ratio and concrete answers. What kind of
Answer: A learners are they?
a. Accomodators
14. To remember the six digits, 8, 4, 3, b. Assimilators
9, 4, 5, the Math teacher grouped the c. Convergers
numbers in two's 84, 39, 45 or in threes d. Divergers
843, 945. What control process of Answer: C
retaining information is referred to?
a. Chunking 19. Mrs. Mercado, the Home Economics
b. Interfering teacher, constantly gives verbal
c. Rehearsing guidance to her pupils while practicing a
d. Remembering sewing skill. What is the value of giving
Answer: A verbal guidance in improving pupils
learning behavior?
a. It promotes the growth of interest in b. Effort if put forth when tasks are
the new learning tasks challenging
b. It serves as informational feedback c. Learning by doing is more effective
c. It facilitates perfection of skills than just sitting and listening
d. It directs pupils' attention to more d. Learning is aided by formulating and
adequate and better techniques asking questions
Answer: B Answer: B

20. Why should learning be aided by 23. In performing the minuet, first raise
formulating and asking questions? your heel, second make three steps
a. Students will have a grade in forward, third step make a point. What
recitation kind of knowledge was exhibited?
b. Students will develop their self- a. Conditional Knowledge
confidence b. Declarative Knowledge
c. The teacher will know who among the c. Domain-Specific Knowledge
students can communicate very well d. Procedural Knowledge
d. The teacher will not always do the Answer: D
talking but the students will be given a
chance to do the same thing. 24. Why should teachers provide
Answer: B positive feedback and realistic praise?
a. To motivate the students to study
21. Ms. Baquiran, the VE teacher, and b. So the students will know what to do
her pupils, while working on the concept c. To be liked and loved by the students
of honesty, agreed that no cabinets and d. So the students will praise him/her
book cases would be locked throughout Answer: B
the day. Which principle in affective
learning is being implemented?
a. Provide exemplary models
b. Provide appropriate practice
c. Provide for pleasant emotional 25. Which statement does not refer to
experience cognitive theories?
d. Provide for independent attitude a. Prefer to concentrate on analyzing
cultivation cognitive process
Answer: B b. Conclusions are based on
observation of external manifestations
22. Instead of asking her students to on learning
write about their reaction to a story, the c. Study of the structures and
teacher asked her students to interpret components of information processing
the story in dance form. What principle d. Believe in non-observable behavior
of learning is considered? Answer: B
a. Concepts should be presented in
varied and different ways Below is the
LET Reviewer for Professional
Education Prof. Ed.: Principles and 4. Pictures, models and the like arouse
Strategies of Teaching Part 1. students interest on the day's topic, in
what part of the lesson should the given
We encourage readers/ reviewees to materials be presented?
use the comment boxes after the article a. Initiating activities
for discussion. Meanwhile, answers are b. Culminating activities
already incorporated below the c. Evaluation activities
questions. d. Developmental activities
Answer: A
1. To ensure the lesson will go smoothly,
Teacher A listed down the steps she will 5. In Bloom's taxonomy of educational
undertake together with those of her objectives, the domains are stated from
students. This practice relates to? lowest to highest level. Which of the
a. Teaching style following objectives belongs to the
b. Teaching method lowest level?
c. Teaching strategy a. To identify the characters of the story.
d. Teaching technique b. To differentiate active from passive
Answer: B voice.
c. To give the available resources that
2. The class of Grade 6 - Einstein is could be recycled to useful things.
scheduled to perform an experiment on d. To explain the procedure in changing
that day. However, the chemicals are improper fraction to mixed number
insufficient. What method may then be Answer: A
used?
a. Project 6. The class of IV - Kalikasan is tasked
b. Laboratory to analyze the present population of the
c. Lecture different cities and municipalities of the
d. Demonstration National Capital Region for the last five
Answer: D years. How can they best present their
analysis?
3. Teacher C gives the class specific a. By means of a table
topic as assignment which they have to b. By looking for a pattern
research and pass the following day. c. By means of a graph
However, the students could not find d. By guessing and checking
any information about it. What method Answer: C
should Teacher C use to teach the
assignment? 7. There are several reasons why
a. Project method problem-solving is taught in Math.
b. Discovery approach Which is the LEAST important?
c. Lecture method a. It is the main goal for the study of
d. Demonstration method Math
Answer: C b. It provides the content in which
concepts and skills are learned and
applied c. Application
c. It provides an opportunity to develop d. Comparison and Abstraction
critical and analytical thinking Answer: D
d. It provides pupils an opportunity to
relate Math in the real world 11. Which part of the lesson is involved
Answer: A in the giving of situation or activities
based on the concepts learned?
8. Teacher D teaches in a remote high
a. Preparation
school where newspapers are delivered
b. Generalization
irregularly. Knowing the importance of
c. Application
keeping the students aware of current
d. Comparison and Abstraction
affairs, what is probably the best way to
Answer: C
keep the students updated?
a. Gather back issues of newspapers
12. Teacher F wants the class to find out
and let pupils compile them.
the effect of heat on matter. Which
b. Urge the pupils to listen to stories
method will help him accomplish his
circulating in the community.
objective?
c. Encourage the pupils to listen to daily
a. Project Method
broadcast from a transistor radio.
b. Laboratory Method
d. The teacher should try all available
c. Problem Method
means to get the newspaper delivered
d. Expository Method
to the school
Answer: B
Answer: C
13. In Math, Teacher G presents various
9. Devices can make a lecture more
examples of plane figures to her class.
understandable and meaningful. What is
Afterwards, she asks the students to
the most important thing a teacher
give definition of each. What method did
should consider in the selection and
she use?
utilization of instructional materials?
a. Inductive
a. Objectives of the lesson
b. Laboratory
b. Availability of instructional materials
c. Deductive
c. Attractiveness of instructional
d. Expository
materials
Answer: A
d. Degree of interest on the part of the
students
14. Teaching Tinikling to I-Maliksi
Answer: A
becomes possible through the use of?
a. Inductive Method
10. Teacher E asks student A to identify
b. Expository Method
and analyze events, ideas or objects in
c. Demonstration Method
order to state their similarities and
d. Laboratory Method
differences. In which part of the lesson
Answer: C
does said activity take place?
a. Preparation
15. What is the implication of using a
b. Generalization
method that focuses on the why rather Answer: A
than the how?
a. There is best method 19. Which of the following attributes
b. Typical one will be good for any characterizes a learner who is yet to
subject develop the concept?
c. These methods should be a. The learner can identify the attributes
standardized for different subjects. of the concept.
d. Teaching methods should favor b. The learner can summarize the ideas
inquiry and problem solving. shared about the concept.
Answer: D c. The learner can distinguish examples
from non-examples.
16. When using problem solving d. The learner gets a failing grade in the
method, the teacher can tests given after the concept has been
a. Set up the problem discussed.
b. Test the conclusion Answer: A
c. Propose ways of obtaining the
needed data 20. The strategy which makes use of the
d. Help the learners define what is it to old concept of "each-one-teach-one" of
be solved the sixty's is similar to?
Answer: D a. Peer learning
b. Independent learning
17. Which of the following characterizes c. Partner learning
a well-motivated lesson? d. Cooperative learning
a. The class is quiet. Answer: D
b. The children have something to do.
c. The teacher can leave the pupils 21. Which part of the lesson does the
d. There are varied procedures and learner give a synthesis of the things
activities undertaken by the pupils. learned?
Answer: D a. Motivation
b. Application
18. Learners must be developed not c. Evaluation
only in the cognitive, psychomotor but d. Generalization
also in the affective aspect. Why is Answer: C
development of the latter also
important? 22. Educational objectives
a. It helps them develop a sound value are arranged from simple to complex.
system. Why is this?
b. Their actions are dominated by their a. Each level is built upon and assumes
feelings. acquisition of skills from the previous
c. It helps them develop an adequate level.
knowledge of good actions. b. Objectives are broad and value-laden
d. Awareness of the consequences of statements that lead to the philosophy of
their action is sharpened. education.
c. Be idealistic and ambitious to begin d. It must be updated and relevant to
with grandiose scheme for using Filipino setting.
taxonomy in all levels. Answer: B
d. These are guidelines to be taught and
learned where teachers and students
Below is the Part 2 of Professional
evaluate learning.
Education (Prof. Ed.) Principles and
Answer: A
Theories of Learning and
Motivation reviewer for Licensure Exam
23. Which of the following is NOT true?
for Teachers (LET).
a. Lesson plan should be in constant
state of revision.
We encourage readers/ reviewees to
b. A good daily lesson plan ensures a
use the comment boxes after the article
better discussion.
for discussion. Meanwhile, answers are
c. Students should never see a teacher
already incorporated below the
using a lesson plan.
questions.
d. All teachers regardless of their
experience should have daily lesson
1. Based on Bandura's theory, which
plan.
conditions must be present for a student
Answer: C
to learn from a model?
I. Attention II. Retention III. Motor
24. In Music, Teacher 1 wants to teach
Reproduction IV. Motivation
the class how to play the piano in the
a. I and II
Key of C. Which of the following should
b. I, II and III
be his objective?
c. I, II, III and IV
a. To play the piano in the key of C
d. III and IV
chords
Answer: C
b. To improve playing the piano in the
key of C
2. Which of the following principles of
c. To interpret property of chords of Key
learning applies to considering student's
of C in the piano
age in presenting certain content and
d. To exhibit excellent playing of piano in
cognitive processes?
the key of C
a. Principle of readiness
Answer: A
b. Principle of learning by doing
c. Principle of presenting challenging
25. When using instructional material,
tasks
what should the teacher primarily
d. Principle of learning aided by
consider?
formulating and asking questions
a. The material must be new and
Answer: A
skillfully made.
b. It must be suited to the lesson
3. In classical conditioning, which are
objective.
paired together in order to elicit the
c. The material must stimulate and
desired response?
maintain students' interest
a. UCS and NS
b. CS and NS 8. What should be the hierarchy of the
c. UCS and CS types of learning according to the
d. UCR and NS cumulative learning theory?
Answer: A 1. Problem solving learning
2. Rule learning
4. According to Thorndike, what law 3. Discrimination learning
states that the strength of a connection 4. Concept learning
is influenced by the consequences of a. 2-1-3-4
the response? b. 2-1-4-3
a. Law of disuse c. 2-3-4-1
b. Law of effect d. 2-4-3-1
c. Law of exercise Answer: D
d. Law of readiness
Answer: B 9. Which is essential in meaningful
reception learning?
5. A burglary occurred in Jason's a. Concepts are presented to learner
neighborhood. Since then, Jason is very and received by them.
careful of locking their doors and closing b. Concepts are discovered by the
windows. What theory best explains learner
Jason's behavior? c. Concepts are related to one another
a. Observational learning d. Concepts are solicited from the
b. Imitation learning learners
c. Self-regulated learning Answer: C
d. Vicarious learning
Answer: D 10. Grace is bilingual. She speaks both
English and Filipino fluently. She begins
6. In observation and imitation learning, to study Spanish and immediately
what should be the learner's response recognizes many similarities between
when the teacher initially models the the Spanish and Filipino languages and
behavior? uses this information to acquire the new
a. Reproduce and match language faster. What kind of transfer
b. Pay Attention was Grace able to use?
c. Imitate and practice a. Lateral Transfer
d. Shows satisfaction b. General Transfer c. Specific Transfer
Answer: B d. Vertical Transfer
Answer: C
7. What is the correct sequence of
information processing? 11. Cristina is almost asleep when she
a. Sensory register-STM-LTM felt the need to go to the bathroom. She
b. STM-sensory register-LTM tried to sleep it off but after a while, she
c. Sensory register-LTM-STM was forced to stand up and go to the
d. LTM-sensory register- STM bathroom. What theory of motivation
Answer: A explains Cristina's behavior?
a. Attribution Theory d. with Self-Efficacy
b. Drive Theory Answer: C
c. Expentancies and Values Theory
d. Solomon's Opponent Theory 16. Lara excels in dancing and in certain
Answer: C sports. According to Gardner what
intelligence is dominant in Lara?
12. Marko excels in adding numbers. He a. Bodily kinesthetic
learned this skill in his Math class. He is b. Intrapersonal
now able to apply this skill in his Music c. Musical
class. What type of transfer was used? d. Spatial
a. Lateral transfer Answer: A
b. General transfer
c. Specific transfer 17. According to Bronfenbrenner, what
d. Vertical transfer Answer: B system contains structures that has
direct contact with the child?
13. Mr. Lorenzo would always give the a. Chronosystem
chapter test on a Friday. What schedule b. Exosystem
of reinforcement is used by Mr. c. Mesosystem
Lorenzo? d. Microsystem
a. Fixed interval Answer: D
b. Fixed ratio
c. Variable interval 18. Some learners like to find specific
d. Variable ratio Answer: A and concrete answers. What kind of
learners are they?
14. To remember the six digits, 8, 4, 3, a. Accomodators
9, 4, 5, the Math teacher grouped the b. Assimilators
numbers in two's 84, 39, 45 or in threes c. Convergers
843, 945. What control process of d. Divergers
retaining information is referred to? Answer: C
a. Chunking
b. Interfering 19. Mrs. Mercado, the Home Economics
c. Rehearsing teacher, constantly gives verbal
d. Remembering guidance to her pupils while practicing a
Answer: A sewing skill. What is the value of giving
verbal guidance in improving pupils
15. Rob regularly practice playing the learning behavior?
guitar so he can finish Book I. His a. It promotes the growth of interest in
mother promised to buy him a Nintendo the new learning tasks
when he finishes Book I. How is Rob b. It serves as informational feedback
motivated? c. It facilitates perfection of skills
a. Extrinsically d. It directs pupils' attention to more
b. Intrinsically adequate and better techniques
c. with Self-Determination Answer: B
23. In performing the minuet, first raise
20. Why should learning be aided by your heel, second make three steps
formulating and asking questions? forward, third step make a point. What
a. Students will have a grade in kind of knowledge was exhibited?
recitation b. Students will develop their a. Conditional Knowledge
self-confidence b. Declarative Knowledge
c. The teacher will know who among the c. Domain-Specific Knowledge
students can communicate very well d. Procedural Knowledge
d. The teacher will not always do the Answer: D
talking but the students will be
given a chance to do the same thing. 24. Why should teachers provide
Answer: B positive feedback and realistic praise?
a. To motivate the students to study
21. Ms. Baquiran, the VE teacher, and b. So the students will know what to do
her pupils, while working on the concept c. To be liked and loved by the students
of honesty, agreed that no cabinets and d. So the students will praise him/her
book cases would be locked throughout Answer: B
the day. Which principle in affective
learning is being implemented? 25. Which statement does not refer to
a. Provide exemplary models cognitive theories?
b. Provide appropriate practice a. Prefer to concentrate on analyzing
c. Provide for pleasant emotional cognitive process
experience b. Conclusions are based on
d. Provide for independent attitude observation of external manifestations
cultivation on learning
Answer: B c. Study of the structures and
components of information processing
22. Instead of asking her students to d. Believe in non-observable behavior
write about their reaction to a story, the Answer: B
teacher asked her students to interpret
the story in dance form. What principle Below is the
of learning is considered? LET Reviewer for Professional
a. Concepts should be presented in Education Prof. Ed.: Curriculum
varied and different ways Development Part 1.
b. Effort if put forth when tasks are
challenging We encourage readers/ reviewees to
c. Learning by doing is more effective use the comment boxes after the article
than just sitting and listening for discussion. Meanwhile, answers are
d. Learning is aided by formulating and already incorporated below the
asking questions questions.
Answer: B
SEE ALSO: LET Reviewer in Prof. Ed.
Curriculum Development Part 2
3. In
1. Which is NOT a provision for the the elementary level, English literature
development of each learner in a good and Social studies relate well. While
curriculum? history is being studied, different literary
a. Extensive arrangements are made for pieces during the historical period is
the educational diagnosis of individual being studied as well. What curriculum
learners. design is shown here?
b. Self-directed, independent study is a. Separate subject design
encouraged wherever possible and b. Correlation design
advisable. c. Discipline design
c. Self-motivation and self-evaluation d. Broad field design
are stimulated and emphasized Answer: C
throughout the learning opportunities of
the school. 4. This phase of curriculum development
d. The program provides a wide range of involves decisions, among other things,
opportunities for individuals with same on grade placement and sequencing of
abilities, needs and interests. content. Which phase is this?
Answer: D a. Curriculum planning
b. Curriculum evaluation
2. Teacher Lily would like to take part in c. Curriculum organization
developing a subject-centered d. Curriculum implementation
curriculum because she believes that all Answer: C
subjects in this type of curriculum are
geared towards the hollistic 5. One example of this design
development of the learner. Is her belief of subject-centered curriculum is that
about the subject-centered curriculum which shows social studies being
true? combined with geography, civics, culture
a. Yes, because the subject-centered and history to comprises subject area.
curriculum focuses on the learners Which design is this?
needs, interests and abilities. a. Correlated
b. No, because it is the experience- b. Broadfields
centered curriculum that emphasizes c. Separate Subject
the teaching of facts and knowledge for d. Core
future use. Answer: B
c. Yes, because the subject-centered
curriculum involves cooperative control. 6. Ms. Ortiz, as Science teacher tries to
d. No, because it is the experience enrich the content of her lesson by
centered and not the subject-centered identifying related concepts in Math.
curriculum that emphasizes integration What pattern of organizing subjects did
of habits and skills in learning the Ms. Ortiz consider?
knowledge component of subject areas. a. Broadfield
Answer: D b. Correlated
c. Core
d. Separate Subject d. Realism
Answer: B Answer: C

7. Which design is easy to deliver 11. A stakeholder in curriculum


because complementary books and development, Mr. Cruz, a district
materials are commercially available? supervisor and a member of the school
a. Experience centered design board has one of the following primary
b. Problem design roles.
c. Process design a. Support and participate in parent-
d. Subject centered design school organization activities.
Answer: D b. Authorize school expenditures for
curriculum development, implementation
8. What refers to the matching between
and evaluation
curriculum and test to be used to assess
c. Enact legislation to effect curriculum
the learners?
improvement.
a. Alignment
d. Recommend changes in curriculum.
b. Auditing
Answer: D
c. Articulation
d. Delivery
12. The schools in the first District plan
Answer: A
to adopt the reading program used in
the third district. What level of
9. Ms. Mateo, a History teacher
curriculum improvement is used?
considers the element of time in
a. Variation
arranging content of her lessons in
b. Value orientation
World History. What way of establishing
c. Substitution
sequence is given emphasis by Ms.
d. Restructuring
Mateo?
Answer: C
a. Simple to complex
13. Mr. Bernardo, a curriculum
b. Part to whole
consultant on Economics insists that in
c. Concrete to abstract
selecting the curriculum content, it is
d. Chronological
better that throughout the high school
Answer: D
years, economic geography concepts be
used to recur and be repeated with
10. Mr. Rivera, a new teacher believes
depth for effective learning. What
that education is a process of
criterion in content selection is shown
development and is life itself; therefore,
here?
experience related to the child's need
a. Validity
and interest should be given primary
b. Continuity
consideration. What educational
c. Significance
philosophy is being exhibited by Mr.
d. Learnability
Rivera?
Answer: B
a. Idealism
b. Reconstructionism
c. Progressivism
14. The Filipino learners envisioned by Answer: B
the Department of Education (DepEd) in
the light of K-12 Curriculum is 17. Teacher Bert puts emphasis on the
a. Technologically literate or logistically immediate felt interests and needs of his
developed Filipino students and not on the anticipated
b. Functionally literate or logistically needs and interests. What type of
developed Filipino curriculum does teacher Bert adheres?
c. Scientifically Advanced and Values a. Subject-centered
Oriented Filipino b. Learner-centered
d. National Oriented and Internationally c. Experience-centered
Competitive Filipinos d. Culture-based
Answer: B Answer: C

15. Teacher Dominguito believes that a 18. What type of curriculum divides the
new respect for the child is fundamental school day into different periods such as
in curriculum. Thus, all activities in the language arts, social studies, science
classroom are geared towards the and health, arithmetic, etc.?
development of the child - the center of a. Correlated
the educative process. To which b. Broad fields
approach in curriculum does Teacher c. Integrated
Dominguito adhere? d. Separate Subject
a. Learner-centered b. Subject-centered Answer: D
c. Problem-centered
d. Pragmatic 19. Which curriculum design element is
Answer: A taking place when Eduardo, a 4th year
student can connect the lessons he
learned in a subject area to a related
content in another subject area?
16. Mrs. Manuel, the Principal of a. Articulation
Bagong Barrio Elementary School b. Balance
invited the Brgy. Captain in the school to c. Continuity
solicit inputs for a new curriculum in d. Integration
Social Science which highlights Answer: D
indigenous knowledge in the community.
What is shown in this situation? 20. The following curricular changes
a. Community members as supporters took place in what particular period?
of curriculum Restore Grade VII, double-single
b. Community members as curriculum session was abolished and more
resources textbooks were written by Filipino
c. Community members as managers of authors.
curriculum a. American Period
d. Community members as beneficiaries b. Philippine Republic
of curriculum c. Japanese Occupation
d. New Society
Answer: B 25. What process is being undertaken
by curriculum developers when they
21. This concept includes the sub- enrich or modify certain aspects of a
processes of curriculum planning, particular program without changing its
organization, implementation and fundamental conceptions?
evaluation. Which concept is this? a. Curriculum improvement
a. Curriculum development b. Curriculum change
b. Curriculum assessment c. Curriculum design
c. Curriculum management d. Curriculum implementation
d. Curriculum and instruction Answer: A
Answer: A
Below is the LET Reviewer for
22. If curriculum is the "means", what is Professional Education Prof. Ed.:
the "end"? Curriculum Development Part 2. We
a. Strategies encourage readers/ reviewees to use
b. Instruction the comment boxes after the article for
c. Technique discussion. Meanwhile, answers are
d. Approaches already incorporated below the
Answer: B questions. SEE ALSO: LET Reviewer in
Prof. Ed. Curriculum Development Part
23. The curriculum used during the 1
period in Philippine history terminated
1. What design element establishes the
the use of English as a medium of
vertical linkage from level to level to
instruction, What period is this?
avoid glaring gaps and wasteful
a. American
overlaps?
b. Spanish
a. Articulation
c. Commonwealth
b. Balance
d. Japanese
c. Scope
Answer: D
d. Sequence
Answer: A ]
24. Which of the following statements
about the concept of curriculum is NOT
2. What refers to the authenticity of the
quite acceptable?
content selected by the curriculum
a. It refers to all experiences that both
developer?
the school and the teacher provide the
a. Feasibility
students with.
b. Learnability
b. It is the set of acquired knowledge,
c. Significance
habits and skills
d. Validity
c. It consists of everything that goes
Answer: D
within the school.
d. It is a planned action for instruction
Answer: C
3. What do we call the allocation of and enables the learner to see
content to a definite grade capable of relationship among various aspects?
learning? a. Broadfield b. Correlated
a. Time allotment c. Core
b. Grade placement d. Separate subjects
c. Grade level Answer: A
d. Maturity level
Answer: B 8. Who controls the subject centered-
curriculum?
4. Which pattern of experience-centered a. Learner
curriculum centers around the normal b. Teacher
activities of children and is based on c. Parent
each child's needs, interests and d. Teacher and parent
potentials? Answer: B
a. Child-centered
b. Activity 9. To provide individual differences in
c. Social function the classroom, how is curriculum
d. Specific competencies designed?
Answer: A a. Minimum learning competencies are
included
5. Which curriculum development phase b. Realistic and meaningful experiences
focuses on the change which will take are provided
place in certain aspects of the c. Some degree of flexibility is provided
curriculum without changing the d. Social skills are emphasized
fundamental conceptions? Answer: C
a. Curriculum planning
b. Curriculum design 10. To ensure success in curriculum
c. Curriculum improvement development, which of the following
d. Curriculum evaluation specific actions should a curriculum
Answer: C leader avoid?
a. Work with people over them.
6. Which is not a component of b. Use your status frequently to
curriculum designing? establish discipline
a. Objective c. Keep channels of communication
b. learning content open
c. learning experiences d. Show that you too desire to improve
d. Diagnosis of needs Answer: B
Answer: D
11. Which of the following is a reason for
7. Which type of curriculum design the continuous appraisal of the existing
serves as a response to society's curriculum in all levels?
demand for integration of knowledge a. New national policies in government
b. Changing needs and condition of
society 15. Which statement about the subject-
c. Economic status of the people centered curriculum is NOT true?
d. Political trust of the country a. There is a high level of cooperative
Answer: B interaction
b. It covers much content in a short
12. Which of the following best defines period of time
curriculum development? c. The teacher has full control of the
a. The total mental phenomena directly classroom activities
received at any given time d. The main task is mastery of learning
b. The planning of learning opportunities Answer: A
intended to bring about certain desired
changes in pupils and the assessment 16. Schools divide the school hours to
of the extent to which these changes different subjects such as reading,
have taken place. grammar, literature, math, science,
c. A continuous cycle of activities in history and geography. What curriculum
which all elements of curriculum are design is referred here?
considered. a. Problem-centered
d. Education is aiding each child to be b. Learner-centered
socially creative individuals. c. Subject-centered
Answer: B d. Culture-based
Answer: C
13. To build a sense of pride among
Filipino youth, which should be done in 17. Which is NOT a description of the
the curriculum? learner-centered curriculum?
a. Re-study our history and stress on a. Emphasis is on the total growth and
our achievements as a people. development of the learners
b. Re-study our history from the b. Controlled and cooperatively directed
perspective of our colonizer. by learners, teachers and parents
c. Replace the study of folklore and c. Education is a means to develop
myths with technical subjects. social creative individual
d. Set aside the study of local history. d. Emphasis upon facts and knowledge
Answer: A for future use
Answer: D
14. What do you call the curriculum
when the teacher puts into action all the 18. The K-12 curriculum is otherwise
different planned activities in the called as
classroom? a. 2002 Basic Education Curriculum
a. Recommended Curriculum b. Revitalized Basic Education
b. Written Curriculum Curriculum
c. Taught Curriculum c. Enhanced Basic Education
d. Supported Curriculum Curriculum
Answer: C d. Extended Basic Education Curriculum
Answer: C
extend over several years are
19. What refers to an individual or group developed vertically.
of individuals who have a direct and c. Classroom practices give attention to
indirect influence in curriculum the maturity and learning problems of
development? each pupil.
a. Stockholders d. Cooperative planning and teaching
b. Stakeholders provide for exchange of information
c. Promoters about pupil's learning experiences.
d. Incorporators Answer: C
Answer: B
23. Objectives must be evaluated in the
20. What refers to the appropriateness light of practical considerations,
of the content in the light of the including teacher competence,
particular students who are to availability of instructional materials,
experience the curriculum? time allotment, etc. What characteristic
a. Significance of educational objective is defined by
b. Validity the aforementioned statement?
c. Interest a. Comprehension
d. Learnability b. Attainability
Answer: D c. Consistency
d. Feasibility
21. Which of the following statements is Answer: D
NOT acceptable?
a. Instruction is the actual engagement 24. "Knowledge is true if it is workable".
of learners in the planned learning What philosophical foundation supports
activities. this statement?
b. Curriculum determines what a. Idealism
assessment should be done, and how to b. Realism
do it. c. Pragmatism
c. Instruction requires teachers to use a d. Essentialism
variety of action to accomplish a variety Answer: C
of functions.
d. Assessment establishes what is to be 25. As a member of the curriculum
accomplished in teaching and learning. committee, your chief concern is to give
Answer: D the child freedom to choose what to
learn and believe, as you allow them to
22. Which characteristic of a good set their own identities and standards.
curriculum highlights the psychological What philosophy will you consider?
nature of the learner? a. Existentialism
a. Provisions are made for the smooth b. Realism
transition and continuing achievement of c. Idealism
pupils. d. Pragmatism
b. Curriculum plans in areas which Answer: A
Below is the III. Utilize the materials with
LET Reviewer for Professional showmanship
Education Prof. Ed.: Educational IV. Evaluate the performance of the
Technology Part 1. students
a. I, II, III, IV
We encourage readers/ reviewees to b. II, I, III, IV
use the comment boxes after the article c. I, II, IV, III
for discussion. Meanwhile, answers are d. II, I, IV, III
already incorporated below the Answer: B
questions.
4. Which of the following is a limitation
1. Which of the following statements has
of models and real objects in teaching
a very limited definition of educational
and learning?
technology?
a. They pose problems on storage
a. It is a profession composed of various
b. They make learning more concrete.
job categories.
c. They provide hands-on learning
b. It refers to the computers used for
experiences.
teaching and learning.
d. They are readily available in the
c. It includes audiovisual materials,
environment, around school and in the
interactive multimedia and self-
home.
instructional materials.
Answer: A
d. It is the development, application and
evaluation of system, techniques and
5. Which group of technologies has the
aids to improve human learning
highest degree of concreteness?
Answer: B
a. Realia and computer
b. Video, picture and television
2. Which of the following statements is
c. Digital video, film, versatile compact
correct about the domains of
disc
educational technology?
d. Book, imaginative literature,
a. Design is the production stage while
programmed instruction
development is the planning stage.
Answer: A
b. Both the design and development are
the planning stage.
6. Mrs. Del Prado placed text together
c. Evaluation is synonymous with
with the relevant graphics on the same
implementation.
page in her multimedia presentation.
d. Utilization is the action phase.
Which principle did she apply?
Answer: D
a. Split attention
b. Spatial contiguity
3. Ms. Gomez is planning to integrate
c. Cost effectiveness
technology in her Mathematics class.
d. Communication effectiveness
Which of the following would be the
Answer: A
logical steps in doing this?
I. Set the objectives
7. Mrs. Olivarez presented real samples
II. Analyze the learners
of rocks in her General Science class. materials, print and computers
What principle did she apply? c. Visual materials, print, audio-visual
a. Appropriateness materials and realia
b. Authenticity d. Print, audio-visual materials,
c. Responsiveness computers and realia
d. Simplicity Answer: D
Answer: B
12. Which of the following is
8. Which is the best reason
inappropriate in using printed visuals
why teachers state the objectives before
such as charts, graphs and drawings?
using instructional media?
a. Provide written or verbal cues to
a. To secure materials
highlight important aspect of visuals
b. To prepare the materials beforehand.
b. Present the instructional materials
c. To determine which media to use
simultaneously
best.
c. Use materials that everyone can see
d. To be able to practice how to
d. Make the presentation suspenseful
operate the equipment
Answer: B
Answer: C
13. Susan wants to learn more English.
9. Which of the following should Mr.
Specifically, she wants to improve her
Rivera primarily consider in determining
listening skills. She has a CD player, a
the teaching-learning objectives and use
tape recorder and has internet access.
of instructional media?
As an English teacher, what do you
a. The assessment tool to be used
suggest?
b. The learning activities
I. CDs with English listening drills
c. The learner
II. Tapes with English listening drills
d. The teacher
III. Internet website such as
Answer: B
Go4English, English Language
Listening Lab or Randall's listening Lab
10. Which of the following technologies
a. I and II
provide iconic experiences to students/
b. II and III
children?
c. I or III
a. Video and books
d. I, II and III
b. Pictures and videos
Answer: D
c. Radio and recording
d. Modules and periodicals
14. Which of the following statements is
Answer: B
incorrect about the contributions of
technology to student learning?
11. Which of these technologies used in
a. The quality of learning can be
the classroom are arranged from the
improved.
most symbolic to multisensory?
b. The delivery of instruction can be
a. Real objects, print, audio-visual
more interesting.
materials and visual materials
c. The method of teaching and learning
b. Visual materials, audio visual
becomes more interactive. c. I, III and IV only
d. The role of the teacher can be d. II, III and IV only
changed into knowledge dispenser. Answer: C
Answer: D
18. Ms. Hernandez employs student-
15. Mr. Tarnate, an ICT teacher takes centered instruction as the learners
into account technology standards to create their digital portfolios in her
address the needs of the students and computer class. What could be
help them adapt with the changing developed among them through this
society and technology Which of the approach?
following standards is an exception? a. Repetition and active learning
a. Creativity and innovation b. Mastery of skills and information
b. Research and information literacy delivery
c. Model digital-age work and learning c. Information processing and passive
d. Technology operations and concepts learning
Answer: C d. Construction of knowledge and
information exchange
16. Ms. Vinluan, a computer teacher Answer: D
demonstrates understanding of local
and global issues and exhibits ethical 19. Mr. Torres will have a multimedia
and legal use of information and presentation in his Science class. Which
communications technology tools. of the following should he avoid?
Which is true about her? a. Consider technical quality.
a. She models digital-age work and b. Apply different computer effects per
learning slid.
b. She facilitates and inspires student c. Present information through graphic
learning and creativity. organizers
c. She promotes and models digital d. Use contrasting colors for text and
citizenship and responsibility. background.
d. She designs and develops digital-age Answer: B
learning experiences and assessments
Answer: C 20. Mrs. Sison would like to integrate
technology in writing a friendly letter.
17. With the fast-paced evolution of Which of the following is the most
technologies nowadays, why effective way of doing it?
are teachers encouraged to shift a. Let the pupils surf a friendly letter
gradually from a teacher-centered from the internet
instruction to a learner-centered b. Have the pupils write a friendly letter
instruction? and send it through an email.
I. A learner-centered instruction focuses c. have the pupils forward
on transformation of facts. a downloaded friendly letter to others via
a. II and IV only email.
b. I, II and IV only d. Let the pupils write a friendly letter
using word processing and have it d. Is there evidence of its effectiveness?
critiqued by their peers. Answer: B
Answer: D
25. Your father wanted to finish his long
21. Which of the following computer- dreamed course but he wanted to do it
based instructional materials can be at home during his free time. Would you
used to learn new concepts? recommend an online learning?
a. Games a. Yes, because online learning is the
b. Tutorial "in" thing
c. Simulation b. No, because online learning inhibits
d. Drill and practice student-teacher interaction.
Answer: B c. No, because hiring a helper would
enable him to attend regularly in his
22. Professor dela Cruz would like to class.
create a presentation material for her d. Yes, because he could learn at his
lesson on the types of computer- own pace using a wide spectrum of
assisted instruction. To make her technologies.
presentation effective, which? Answer: D
a. Situating tool
Below is the LET Reviewer for
b. Informative tool
Professional Education Prof. Ed.:
c. Productivity tool
Educational Technology Part 2. We
d. Communicative tool
encourage readers/ reviewees to use
Answer: C
the comment boxes after the article for
discussion. Meanwhile, answers are
23. Professor Reyes is thinking of an
already incorporated below the
online learning approach by which
questions. SEE ALSO: LET Reviewer in
content provides links to information at
Prof. Ed. Educational Technology Part 1
other locations and serves as a focal
1. Ms. Delos Santos is a fresh graduate
point for a distance education
teacher who was hired to teach in an
experience. Which of the following
elementary school where there are
should she use?
enough resources for instruction. She
a. Teleconferencing
wanted to start preparing her
b. Self-paced program
instructional materials. Which is the
c. Web-based instruction
most systematic process in doing this?
d. Computer-aided instruction
a. Design, utilization, evaluation,
Answer: C
development
b. Design, development, utilization,
24. Which is NOT a basic consideration
evaluation
in selecting and evaluating the content
c. Development, design, utilization,
of an educational technology tool?
evaluation
a. Does it match the content?
d. Development, utilization, evaluation,
b. Can it be easily dismantled?
design
c. Will it motivate and maintain interest?
Answer: B
a. Facilitator
2. Which is the most important reason b. Researcher
why teachers need to preview their c. Knowledge giver
instructional materials that will be used d. Source of information
in the class? Answer: A
a. To gain confidence in using them
b. To encourage viewers to be more 6. It is impractical to bring real objects to
focused the classroom so Aaron constructed a
c. To avoid potential problems that might three-dimensional visual instead. Which
occur while materials are in use of the following did he construct?
d. To ensure appropriateness of the a. Chart
materials with the objectives and target b. Cartoon
audience c. Model
Answer: D d. Graphic organizer
Answer: C
3. After Ms. Rivas planned her lesson in
English, she found out that the materials 7. You asked your students to show a
at hand do not match her objectives. two-dimensional illustration of what they
Which is the best thing that she can do? have understood from what they have
a. Modify the available materials read. Which of the following non-
b. Teach the lesson the following day. projected visuals are you referring to?
c. Change the objectives to match with a. Graphic organizer
available materials. b. Print materials
d. Carry out the lesson as planned and c. Model
use the materials at hand. d. Realia
Answer: A Answer: A

4. Prof. Balagtas used worksheets, 8. There are several reasons why


manipulatives, and models in teaching teachers are reluctant in using electronic
math to help her students understand media in the teaching-learning process.
the lessons and love the subject. What Which is the most common reason?
did she bear in mind when she used a. The limited exposure of teachers to
these materials? new equipment
a. Appropriateness b. Their incompatibility to diverse needs
b. Balance of the learners
c. Breadth c. The difficulty in integrating technology
d. Variety in the curriculum
Answer: D d. The excessive availability of local
technology in the community
Answer: A
5. With increasing use of educational
technology inside the classroom, what 9. Prof. Mandanas would like to use an
role is expected of the teacher? audio compact disc in teaching a lesson
in Filipino. In which activity in the she found out that it was ineffectively
teaching-learning process is it very used in the classroom. When is
effective? technology considered INEFFECTIVE?
a. In developing listening skills a. When it promotes mastery of the
b. In teaching creating thinking lesson
c. In composing poems b. When it makes viewing more
d. In building concepts interesting
Answer: A c. When it helps attain the objectives of
the lesson
10. Plants, pebbles, and blocks are just d. When it induces alienation on the part
some of the effective instructional of the learners
materials readily found in the Answer: D
environment if they are utilized properly.
Which of the following is INCORRECT 13. Your principal purchased new
about their classroom use? computer units for your Learning
a. Pass a single object around the class. Resource Center. Which of the following
b. Familiarize yourself with the object or should be your last consideration in
model before its actual utilization. using the technology?
c. Use the objects as springboard in a. Computers can be used for
encouraging students' active entertainment.
participation. b. Computers can be used for research
d. Make sure that the realia and model activity.
are large enough to be seen by the c. Computers can be used for interactive
whole class. presentation.
Answer: A d. Computers can be used to reinforce
discussion of difficult concepts in class.
11. Prof. Ruiz uses projected visuals Answer: A
such as Digital Liquid Projector (DLP) in
presenting her lesson. What could be 14. Computers can be classified
her main reason for using it? according to the roles they play namely
a. The projected materials are readily communicative tool, informative tool,
available. and constructive tool. What is the other
b. They are more abstract than any role of computers not mentioned in this
other visuals. item?
c. Most projected visuals can be a. Instructional tool
obtained at no cost. b. Situating tool
d. She can easily prepare for own c. Utility tool
transparencies in advance. d. Application tool
Answer: A Answer: B

12. Ms. Samonte used a film clip in 15. Which of the following categories of
teaching Social Studies concepts to her CAI will you use in your class if your
First Year High School class. However, objective is to increase proficiency in a
newly learned skill or refresh an existing b. On-line
one? c. Cyberspace
a. Tutorial d. Information Superhighway
b. Simulation Answer: B
c. Drill and practice
d. Instructional game 20. Which technology tool can Prof.
Answer: C Soriano use to communicate
asynchronously with her students?
16. Which of the following is an a. Chat and blog
ineffective use of Presentation software? b. Chat and instant messaging
a. Darken the room. c. Blog and video conferencing
b. Use appropriate pacing. d. Electronic bulletin board and email
c. Read directly from the slides. Answer: D
d. Allow interaction with the learner.
Answer: C
21. In your computer subject, you allow
17. Which of the following is NOT an your class to chat as part of your
example of a communicative tool? motivation before discussing to them the
a. Chat roles of computer as a tool. How is chat
b. Electronic mail used in t his context?
c. Teleconferencing a. Information tool
d. Multimedia encyclopedia b. Application tool
Answer: D c. Communicative tool
d. Situating tool
18. Why is one-way delivery of Answer: B
information a misuse of communication
tools? 22. Which statement is INCORRECT
a. Because the teacher expects the about computer conferencing?
student to study more a. It refers to live student interaction with
b. Because it requires activities that an expert.
focus on thinking than responding b. It is also known as discussion forum
c. Because it enables the users to focus or bulletin board.
more on higher level cognitive activities c. It also refers to online class
d. Because this kind of practice lessens discussions, forums or debates.
interaction capabilities of communication d. It permits two or more individuals
tools Answer: D Answer: A

23. Which instructional application will


19. Internet consists of thousands of you introduce to your class if your
connected computer networks around objective is to help them find and use
the world. Which term does not refer to information resources available in the
internet? internet?
a. NET a. Webquests
b. Hybrid course test to her students.
c. Scavenger Hunt b. Mr. Ferrer who is counting the scores
d. Distance education obtained by the students in his test.
Answer: C c. Ms. Leyva who is computing the final
grade of the students after completing
24. In the delivery of distance education, all their requirements.
what computer application is used to d. Prof. Cuevas who is planning for a
organize instructions and track students remedial instruction after knowing that
records and progress? students perform poorly in her test
a. Computer-based Multimedia Answer: C
b. Computer-assisted Instruction
c. Computer-mediated Education 2. Mr. Fernandez is judging the
d. Computer-managed Instruction accuracy of these statements. Which
Answer: B statements will he consider as correct?
I. Test is a tool to measure a trait.
25. When is distance education as II. Measurement is the process of
effective as the traditional instruction? qualifying a given trait.
a. When the method, technologist and III. Assessment is the gathering of
assessment used are appropriate to the quantitative and qualitative data.
required competencies. IV. Evaluation is the analysis of
b. When the course requires more face- quantitative and qualitative data for
to-face communication between the decision making
students and teachers. A. I and II only
c. When students depend more on their b. III and IV only
online mentor. c. I, II, and III
d. When there is student to student d. I, III and IV
interaction Answer: D
Answer: A -
3. If I have to use the most authentic
Below is the LET Reviewer for method of assessment, which of these
Professional Education Prof. Ed.: procedures should I consider?
Assessment and Evaluation of Learning a. Traditional Test
Part 1. b. Performance-based Assessment
c. Written Test
We encourage readers/ reviewees to d. Objective Assessment
use the comment boxes after the article Answer: B
for discussion. Meanwhile, answers are
already incorporated below the 4. After doing the exercise on verbs, Ms.
questions. Borillo gave a short quiz to find out how
well students have understood the
1. Who among the teachers described lesson. What type of assessment was
below is doing assessment? done?
a. Mrs. Bautista who is administering a a. Summative Assessment
b. Formative Assessment c. How to certify student's achievement
c. Diagnostic Assessment d. How to design one's instruction
d. Placement Assessment Answer: C
Answer: B 8. You targeted that after instruction,
your students should be able to show
5. Who among the teachers below their ability to solve problems with speed
performed a diagnostic assessment? and accuracy. You then designed a tool
a. Ms. Santos who asked questions to measure this ability. What principle of
when the discussion was going on to assessment did you consider in this
know who among h er students situation?
understood what she was trying to a. Assessment should be based on clear
emphasize. and appropriate learning targets or
b. Mr. Colubong who gave a short quiz objectives.
after discussing thoroughly the lesson to b. Assessment should have a positive
determine the programs of learning. consequence on student's learning
c. Ms. Ventura who gave 10-item test to c. Assessment should be reliable.
find out the specific lessons which the d. Assessment should be fair.
students failed to understand. Answer: A
d. Mrs. Lopez who administered a
readiness test to the incoming grade 9. Ms. Ortega tasked her students to
one pupils. show how to play basketball. What
Answer: C learning target is she assessing?
a. Knowledge
6. You are assessing for learning. Which b. Reasoning
of these will you likely do? c. Skills
a. Giving grades to students d. Products
b. Reporting to parents the performance Answer: C
of their child.
c. Recommending new policies in 10. Mr. Ravelas made an essay test for
grading students. the objective "Identify the planets in the
d. Assessing the strengths and solar system". Was the assessment
weaknesses of students. method used the most appropriate for
Answer: D the given objective? Why?
a. Yes, because essay test is easier to
7. Ms. Saplan is planning to do an construct than objective test.
assessment of learning. Which of these b. Yes, because essay test can measure
should she include in her plan any type of objective.
considering her purpose for c. No, he should have conducted oral
assessment? questioning.
a. How to give immediate feedback to d. No, he should have prepared an
student's strengths and weaknesses objective test.
b. How to determine the area of interest Answer: D
of learners
11. Mr. Cidro wants to test students' the students should be able to:
knowledge of the different places in the a. Construct bar graph, and
Philippines, their capital and their b. Interpret bar graphs
products and so he gave his students an
essay test. If you were the teacher, will To assess the attainment of the
you do the same? objectives, Teacher A required the
a. No, the giving of an objective test is students to construct a bar graph for the
more appropriate than the use of essay. given set of data then she asked them
b. No, such method of assessment is to interpret this using a set of questions
inappropriate because essay is difficult. as guide. Teacher B presented a bar
c. Yes, essay test could measure more graph then asked them to interpret this
than what other tests could measure. using also a set of guide questions.
d. Yes, essay test is the best in
measuring any type of knowledge. 14. Whose practice is acceptable based
Answer: A on the principles of assessment?
a. Teacher A
12. What type of validity does the Pre- b. Teacher B
board examination possess if its results c. Both Teacher A and B
can explain how the students will likely d. Neither Teacher A nor Teacher B
perform in their licensure examination? Answer: A
a. Concurrent
b. Predictive 15. Which is true about the given case?
c. Construct a. Objective A matched with
d. Content performance-based assessment while B
Answer: B can be assessed using the traditional
pen-and-paper objective test.
13. Ms. Aviz wants to determine if the b. Objective A matched with traditional
students' scores in their Final Test is assessment while B can be assessed
reliable. However, she has only one set using a performance-based method.
of test and her students are already on c. Both objective A and B matched with
vacation. What test of reliability can she performance-based assessment.
employ? d. Both objective A and B matched with
a. Test-Retest traditional assessment.
b. Kuder Richardson Method Answer: A
c. Equivalent Forms
d. Test-Retest with Equivalent Forms 16. In the context of the Theory of
Answer: B Multiple Intelligence, which is a
weakness of the paper-pencil test?
Refer to this case in answering items a. It puts non-linguistically intelligent at a
14-15 disadvantage.
Two teachers of the same grade level b. It is not easy to administer.
have set the following objectives for the c. It utilizes so much time.
day's lesson. At the end of the period, d. It lacks reliability.
Answer: A IV. She should observe how the pupils
perform their tasks.
17. Mr. Umayam is doing a
performance-based assessment for the a. I, II, and III only
day's lesson. Which of the following will b. I, III, and IV only
most likely happen? c. I, II and IV only
a. Students are evaluated in one sitting. d. I, II, III, and IV
b. Students do an actual demonstration Answer: C
of their skill.
c. Students are evaluated in the most 20. If a teacher has set objectives in all
objective manner. domains or learning targets and which
d. Students are evaluated based on could be assessed using a single
varied evidences of learning performance task, what criterion in
Answer: B selecting a task should she consider?
a. Generalizability
18. Ms. del Rosario rated her students b. Fairness
in terms of appropriate and effective use c. Multiple Foci
of some laboratory equipment and d. Teachability
measurement tools and the students Answer: C
ability to follow the specified procedures.
What mode of assessment should Miss 21. Which term refers to the collection of
del Rosario use? students' products and
a. Portfolio Assessment accomplishments in a given period for
b. Journal Assessment evaluation purposes?
c. Traditional Assessment a. Diary
d. Performance-based Assessment b. Portfolio
Answer: D c. Anecdotal record
d. Observation report
19. Mrs. Hilario presented the lesson on Answer: B
baking through a group activity so that
the students will not just learn how to 22. Mrs. Catalan allowed the students to
bake but also develop their develop their own portfolio in their own
interpersonal skills. How should this style as long as they show all the non-
lesson be assessed? negotiable evidences of learning. What
I. She should give the students an essay principle in portfolio assessment
test explaining how they baked the explains this practice?
cake. a. Content Principle
II. The students should be graded on the b. Learning Principle
quality of their baked cake using a c. Equity Principle
rubric. d. Product Principle
III. The students in a group should rate Answer: C
the members based on their ability to
cooperate in their group activity. 23. How should the following steps in
portfolio assessment be arranged Assessment and Evaluation of Learning
logically? Part 2. We encourage readers/
I. Set targets reviewees to use the comment boxes
II. Select evidences after the article for discussion.
III. Collect evidences Meanwhile, answers are already
IV. Rate Collection incorporated below the questions. SEE
V. Reflect on Evidences ALSO: LET Reviewer in Prof. Ed.
a. I, II, III, IV, V Assessment and Evaluation of
b. I, III, II, V, IV Learning Part 1, Part 3, Part 4 1. Mrs.
c. I, II, III, V, IV Pua is judging the worth of the project of
d. I, III, V, II, IV the students in her Science class based
Answer: B on a set of criteria. What process
describes what she is doing? a. Testing
24. Which could be seen in a rubric? b. Measuring c. Evaluating d. Assessing
I. Objective in a high level of cognitive Answer: C 2. Mrs. Acebuche is
behavior comparing measurement from
II. Multiple criteria in assessing learning evaluation. Which statement explains
III. Quantitative descriptions of the the difference? a. Measurement is
quality of work assigning a numerical value to a given
IV. Qualitative descriptions of the quality trait while evaluation is giving meaning
of work to the numerical value of the trait. b.
a. I and II only Measurement is the process of
b. II, III and IV only gathering while evaluation is the
c. I, II and III process of quantifying the data
d. I, II, III and IV gathered.
Answer: B c. Measurement is the process of
quantifying data while evaluation is the
25. The pupils are to be judged process of organizing data.
individually on their mastery of the d. Measurement is a pre-requisite of
singing of the national anthem so their assessment while evaluation is the pre-
teacher let them sing individually. What requisite of testing.
should the teacher use in rating the Answer: A
performance of the pupils considering
the fact that the teacher has only one 3. Ms. Ricafort uses alternative methods
period to spend in evaluating her 20 of assessment. Which of the following
pupils? will she not likely use?
a. Analytic a. Multiple Choice Test
b. Holistic b. Reflective Journal Writing
c. Either holistic or analytic c. Oral Presentation
d. Both holistic and analytic d. Developing Portfolios
Answer: B Answer: A
Below is the LET Reviewer for
Professional Education Prof. Ed.:
4. Ms. Camba aims to measure a out who among them can already read.
product of learning. Which of these The result was used to determine their
objectives will she most likely set for her sections. What kind of test was given to
instruction? them?
a. Show positive attitude towards a. Diagnostic
learning common nouns b. Formative
b. Identify common nouns in a reading c. Placement
selection d. Summative
c. Construct a paragraph using common Answer: C
nouns
d. User a common noun in a sentence 8. The grade six pupils were given a
Answer: C diagnostic test in addition and
subtraction of whole numbers to find out
5. The students of Mrs. Valino are very if they can proceed to the next unit.
noisy. To keep them busy, they were However, the results of the test were
given any test available in the classroom very low. What should the teacher do?
and then the results were graded as a a. Proceed to the next lesson to be able
way to punish them. Which statement to finish all the topics in the course.
best explains if the practice is b. Construct another test parallel to the
acceptable or not? given test to determine the consistency
a. The practice is acceptable because of the scores.
the students behaved well when they c. Count the frequency of errors to find
were given a test. out the lessons that the majority of
b. The practice is not acceptable students need to relearn.
because it violates the principle of d. Record the scores then inform the
reliability. parents about the very poor
c. The practice is not acceptable performance of their child
because it violates the principle of in mathematics.
validity. Answer: C
d. The practice is acceptable since the
test results are graded. 9. Mrs. Nogueras is doing an
Answer: C assessment of learning. At what stage of
6. Ms. Delos Angeles advocates instruction should she do it?
assessment for learning. Which will she a. Before instruction
NOT likely do? b. After instruction
a. Formative Assessment c. Prior to instruction
b. Diagnostic Assessment d. During the instructional process
c. Placement Assessment Answer: D
d. Summative Assessment
Answer: A 10. Mr. Cartilla developed an
Achievement Test in Math for her grade
7. At the beginning of the school year, three pupils. Before she finalized the
the 6-year old pupils were tested to find test she examined carefully if the test
items were constructed based on the
competencies that have to be tested. 12. Which is NOT true about the given
What test of validity was she trying to case?
establish? a. Ms. Cidro practices a balanced
a. Content-validity assessment.
b. Concurrent validity b. Ms. Cidro's assessment method is
c. Predictive validity performance-based.
d. Construct validity c. Ms. Cidro needs a rubric in scoring
Answer: A the work of the students.
d. Ms. Cidro's assessment targets are
11. Mrs. Robles wants to establish the all in the cognitive domain.
reliability of her achievement test Answer: D
in English. Which of the following
activities will help achieve her purpose? 13. If Mr. Paraiso will have to make a
a. Administer two parallel tests to scoring rubric for the student's output,
different groups of students. what format is better to construct
b. Administer two equivalent tests to the considering that the teacher has limited
same group of students time to evaluate their work?
c. Administer a single test but two a. Analytic Rubric
different groups of students. b. Holistic Rubric
d. Administer two different tests but to c. Either A or B
the same group of students. d. Neither A nor B
Answer: B Answer: B

Refer to the situation below in answer 14. The school principal has 3 teacher
items 12 and 13 applicants all of whom graduated from
A teacher set the following objectives for the same institution and are
the day's lesson: licensed teachers. She only needs to
At the end of the period, the students hire one. What should she do to choose
should be able to: the best teacher from the three?
a. Identify the parts of friendly letter I. Give them a placement test.
b. Construct a friendly letter using II. Interview them on why they want to
the MS Word, and apply in the school.
c. Show interest towards the day's III. Let them demonstrate how to teach a
lesson particular lesson.
To assess the attainment of the IV. Study their portfolios to examine the
objectives, Ms. Cidro required the qualities of the students' outputs when
students to construct friendly letter and they were in College.
have it encoded at their Computer a. I and II.
Laboratory using the MS Word. The b. II and III.
letter should inform one's friend about c. I and III, IV
what one has learned in the day's d. II, III and IV
lesson and how one felt about it. Answer: D
operations and then asked them to
15. What should be done first when show how to solve it.
planning for a performance-based d. Mrs. Pontipedra who asked her pupils
assessment? to construct any word problem that
a. Determine the "table of specifications" involves the four fundamental
of the tasks operations then formed them by twos so
b. Set the competency to be assessed. that each pair exchanged problems and
c. Set the criteria in scoring the task. help solve each other's problem.
d. Prepare a scoring rubric. Answer: D
Answer: B
18. Which is wrong to assume about
16. To maximize the amount of time traditional assessment?
spent for performance-based a. It can assess individuals objectively.
assessment, which one should be b. It can assess individuals at the same
done? time.
a. Plan a task that can be used for c. It is easier to administer than
instruction and assessment at the same performance test.
time. d. It can assess fairly all the domains of
b. Assess one objective for one intelligence of an individual
performance task. Answer: D
c. Set objectives only for cognitive
domains. 19. Which statement about
d. Limit the task to one meeting only. performance-based assessment is
Answer: A FALSE?
a. It emphasizes merely process.
17. Who among the teachers below b. It also stresses doing, not only
gave the most authentic assessment knowing.
task for the objective "Solve word c. It accentuates on process as well as
problems involving the four basic product.
operations" d. Essay tests are an example of
a. Mrs. Juliano who presented a word performance-based assessments.
problem involving a four fundamental Answer: A
operations and then asked the pupils to
solve it. 20. Under which assumption is portfolio
b. Mrs. Mandia who asked her pupils to assessment based?
construct a word problem for a given a. Portfolio assessment is a dynamic
number sentence that involves four assessment.
fundamental operations and then asked b. Assessment should stress the
them to solve the word problem they reproduction of knowledge.
constructed. c. An individual learner is adequately
c. Mrs. Malang who asked her pupils to characterized by a test score.
construct any word problem that d. An individual learner is inadequately
involves the four fundamental characterized by a test score.
Answer: D 25. Mrs. Bacani prepared a rubric with 5
levels of performance described in 5-
21. Which is a good portfolio evidence excellent, 4-very satisfactory, 3-
of a student's acquired knowledge and satisfactory, 2 needs improvement, 1-
writing skills? poor. After using this rubric with these
a. Project descriptions, she found out that most of
b. Test Results her students had a rating of 3. Even
c. Reflective Journal those who are evidently poor in their
d. Critiqued Outputs performance had a rating of satisfactory.
Answer: C Cold there be a possible error in the use
of the rubric?
22. When planning for portfolio a. Yes, the teacher could have
assessment, which should you do first? committed the generosity error.
a. Set the targets for portfolio b. Yes, the teacher could have
assessment. committed the central tendency source
b. Exhibit one's work and be proud of of error.
one's collection c. No, it is just common to see more of
c. Select evidences that could be the students having grade of 3 in a 5-
captured in one's portfolio point scale.
d. Reflect on one's collection and d. No, such result is acceptable as long
identify strengths and weaknesses as it has a positive consequence to the
Answer: A students.
Answer: B
23. Which kind of rubric is best to use in
rating students' projects done for several
Below is the LET Reviewer for
days?
Professional Education Prof. Ed.:
a. Analytic
Assessment and Evaluation of Learning
b. Holistic
Part 3.
c. Either holistic or analytic
d. Both holistic and analytic
We encourage readers/ reviewees to
Answer: A
use the comment boxes after the article
for discussion. Meanwhile, answers are
24. Which is not true of an analytic
already incorporated below the
rubric?
questions.
a. It is time consuming
b. It is easier to construct than the
SEE ALSO: LET Reviewer in Prof. Ed.
holistic rubric
Assessment and Evaluation of
c. It gives one's level of performance per
Learning Part 1, Part 2, Part 4
criterion
d. It allows one to pinpoint the strengths
1. In a positively skewed distribution, the
and weaknesses of one's work.
following statement are true except
Answer: B
a. Median is higher than the mode.
b. Mean is higher than the Media.
c. Mean is lower than the Mode. Answer: C
d. Mean is not lower than the Mode.
Answer: C 5. If quartile deviation is to median, what
is to mean?
2. Which of the following questions a. Standard deviation
indicate a norm - referred interpretation? b. Mode
a. How does the pupils test performance c. Range
in our school compare with that of other d. Variance
schools?: Answer: A
b. How does a pupil's test performance
in reading and mathematics compare? 6. In a normal distribution, which of the
c. What type of remedial work will be following is true?
most helpful for a slow- learning pupil? a. median=mode=mean
d. Which pupils have achieved master of b. medianmode=mean
computational skills? c. medianmodemean
Answer: A d. Mean=median=mode
Answer: D
3. What is the performance of a student
in the National Achievement Test (NAT) 7. Which of the following situations may
if he obtained/got a stanine score of 5? lower the validity of test?
a. Between average and above average a. Mrs. Josea increases the number of
b. Between average and below average items measuring each specific skill from
c. Below average three to five.
d. Average b. Mr. Santosa simplifies the language in
Answer: D the directions for the test.
c. Miss. Lopeza removes the items in
4. Based on the figure, which is true the achievement test that everyone
about the distribution? would be able to answer correctly.
a. Mean=55, median=48, mode=34 d. None of the above.
b. Mean=46, median=40, mode=37 Answer: D
c. Mean=63, median=63, mode=63
8. In a negatively skewed distribution,
d. The distribution is mesokrutic
which of the following statements is
true?
a. Mode is lower than the mean.
b. Mean is lower than the mode.
c. Median is higher than the mode.
d. Mode is lower than the median.
Answer: B

9. In a negatively skewed distribution,


the following statements are true
EXCEPT?
a. Mean is not higher than the median
b. Median is lower than the mode. 14. In a positively skewed distribution,
c. Mean is lower than the mode. the students are?
d. Mode is less than the median. a. Very good
Answer: D b. Very poor
c. Average
10. Miss Cortez administered a test to d. Normally distributed
her class and the result is positively Answer: B
skewed. What kind of test do you think
Miss Cortez gave to her pupils? 15. In a positively skewed distribution,
a. Post test which of the following statements is
b. Pretest true?
c. Mastery test a. Mode = 67 while Media = 54
d. Criterion-referenced test b. Median = 53 while Mean = 41
Answer: B c. Mean = 73 while Mode = 49
d. Median = 34 while Mode = 42
11. The result of the test given by Answer: C
teacher A showed a negatively skewed
distribution. What kind of test did 16. Which statements represent
Teacher A give? criterion-referenced interpretation?
a. The test is difficult a. Lucresia did better in solving the
b. It is not too easy nor too difficult linear equation than 80% of
c. It is moderately difficult representative Algebra students.
d. It is easy b. Lucresia's score indicates that she is
Answer: D able to solve about two thirds of all one-
variable linear equations of such
12. When the distribution is skewed to complexity.
the right, what kind of test was c. Students who have reached
administered? Lucresia's level on linear equations
a. Difficult usually succeed in the subsequent unit
b. Easy on simultaneous equations with special
c. Average/moderately difficult help or extra time; i.e., Lucresia is ready
d. Partly easy- partly difficult to move ahead.
Answer: A d. All of the above
Answer: B
13. In a negatively skewed distribution,
what kind of students does Teacher B 17. Bernard obtained a 97 percentile
have? rank in an aptitude test. This means
a. Very good a. He answered 97% of the items
b. Very poor correctly.
c. Average b. He belongs to the 97% of the group
d. Heterogeneous who took the test.
Answer: A c. 79% of the examinees did better than
her on the test.
d. He surpassed 97% of those who took Answer: B
the test.
Answer: D 22. Mr. Reyes, an elementary school
teacher in Science found out that many
18. Which set of scores has the least of his pupils got very high scores in the
variability? test. What measure of central tendency
Set 1 0,5,10,15,20 should he use to describe their average
Set 2 25,35,45,55 performance in the subject?
Set 3 0,2,8,15,20 a. Mean
Set 4 505,501,503 b. Median
a. Set 1 c. Mode
b. Set 2 d. Range
c. Set 3 Answer: B
d. Set 4
Answer: D 23. Which of the following indicates
how compressed or expanded the
19. Standard deviation is to variability as distribution of scores is?
mode to? a. Measures of position
a. Correlation b. Measures of central tendency
b. Discrimination c. Measures of correlation
c. Central tendency d. Measures of variability
d. Level of difficulty Answer: D
Answer: C
24. The proportion passing the upper
20. Goring performed better than 65% of and lower group is .80 and .95,
the total number of examinees in the respectively. What is the index of
district achievement test. What is his difficulty?
percentile rank? a. .38
a. P35 b. .40
b. P65 c. .58
c. P66 d. 1.02
d. P75 Answer: C
Answer: B
25. Mr. Gringo tried to correlate the
21. Which is a guidance function of a scores of his pupils in the
test? Social studies test with their grades in
a. Identifying pupils who need corrective the same subject last 3rd quarter. What
teaching test validity is he trying to establish?
b. Predicting success in future academic a. Content validity
and vocational education b. Construct validity
c. Assigning marks for courses taken c. Concurrent validity
d. Grouping pupils for instruction within d. Criterion related validity
a class Answer: C
Below is the LET Reviewer for lower group got the test item 15
Professional Education Prof. Ed.: correctly. What does this mean?
Assessment and Evaluation of Learning a. The item has become more valid
Part 4. We encourage readers/ b. The item has become more reliable
reviewees to use the comment boxes c. The item has a positive discriminating
after the article for discussion. power
Meanwhile, answers are already d. The item has a negative
incorporated below the questions. SEE discriminating power
ALSO: LET Reviewer in Prof. Ed. Answer: D
Assessment and Evaluation of
Learning Part 1, Part 2, Part 3 5. Q1 is 25th percentile as media is to
what percentile?
1. If a test item has a difficulty index of a. 40th percentile
0.06, how would you describe the test b. 60th percentile
item? c. 50th percentile
a. It is very easy. d. 75th percentile
b. It is moderately difficulty. Answer: C
c. It is very difficult
d. It is difficult 6. Which is implied by a positively
Answer: C skewed scores distribution?
a. The mean, the median, and the mode
2. Two sections have the same mean are equal.
but the standard deviation of section 2 is b. Most of the scores are high
higher than section 1. Which of the two c. Most of the scores are low.
sections is more homogeneous? d. The mode is high
a. Section 1 Answer: C
b. Section 2
c. Both A and B 7. In a normal distribution curve, what
d. None of the above does a T-score of 60 mean?
Answer: A a. Two SDs below the mean
b. Two SDs below the mean
3. Miss Corteza administered a test to c. One SD below the mean
her class and the result is positively d. One SD above the mean
skewed. What kind of test do you think Answer: D -
Miss Corteza gave to her pupils?
a. Posttest For items 8 to 13, what does each
b. Pretest figure/distribution on the right indicate?
c. Mastery test
d. Criterion-referenced test 8. a. mean > median > mode
Answer: B b. mean < mode > median
c. mean > mode < median
4. In his second item analysis, Mr. d. mean < median < mode
Gonzales found out that more from the
Answer: D Answer: A

9. a. mode < mean < median 11. a unequal means, equal standard
b. mode > mean > median deviations
c. median < mode > mean b. unequal means, equal standard
d. none of the above deviations
c. equal means, equal standard
deviations
d. equal means, unequal standard
deviations

Answer: D

10. a. equal means, unequal standard


deviations
b. equal means, equal standard Answer: A
deviations
c. unequal means, equal standard 12. a. unequal variability, equal means,
deviations different shapes
d. unequal means unequal standard b. unequal means, equal variability,
deviations different shapes
c. equal variability, equal means,
different shapes
d. unequal variability, unequal means,
different shapes
15. In a frequency distribution, what is
the midpoint of the class interval whose
lower and upper limits are 99.5 and
109.5?
a. 107.0
b. 105.0
c. 104.5
d. 102.5
Answer: C

16. In a frequency distribution, what is


Answer: C the interval size of the class whose
lower and upper limits are 9.5 and 19.5?
13. a. unequal means, equal standard a. 11.0
deviations b. 10.0
b. equal means, unequal standard c. 9.0
deviations d. 5.0
c. equal means, equal standard Answer: B
deviations
d. unequal means, unequal standard 17. Given a mean of 55 and a standard
deviations deviation of 8, what two scores include
one standard deviation below and above
the mean?
a. 46 and 63
b. 47 and 64
c. 47 and 63
d. 46 and 64
Answer: C

18. Given the same mean of 55 and


standard deviation of 8, what score
corresponds to two standard deviation
Answer: D above the mean?
a. 70
14. In conducting a parent- teacher b. 71
conference, which of the following is c. 72
NOT true? d. 73
a. Be friendly and informal Answer: B
b. Be a know-it-all person
c. Be willing to accept suggestions 19. What principle of test construction is
d. Be careful in giving advice violated when one places very difficult
Answer: B items at the beginning; thus creating
frustration among students particularly
those of average ability and below Answer: C
average?
a. All the items of particular type should 23. If the proportion passing for the
be placed together in the test. upper and lower group is .90 and .30
b. The items should be phrased so that respectively, what is the discrimination
the content rather than the form of the index?
statements will determine the answer. a. .40
c. All items should be approximately 50 b. .50
percent difficulty. c. .60
d. The items of any particular type d. .70
should be arranged in an ascending Answer: C
order of difficulty.
Answer: D 24. Which is an example of affective
learning outcome?
20. Mrs. Reyes would like to find out a. Interpret stimuli from various
how well her students know each other. modalities to provide data needed in
What assessment instrument would best making adjustments to the environment
suit her objective? b. Judge problem and issues in terms of
a. Self-report instrument situations involved than in terms of fixed
b. Sociometric technique dogmatic thinking
c. Guess-who technique c. Appreciate the quality and worth of
d. All of the above the story read
Answer: C d. None of the above
Answer: B
21. Mr. Reyes asked his pupils to
indicate on the piece of paper the 25. Mr. Mirasol who is a high school
names of their classmates whom they teacher in English conducted an item
would like to be with for some group analysis of her test. She found out that
activity, what assessment technique did four of the items of the test obtained the
Mr. Reyes use? following difficulty and discrimination
a. Self-report technique indices and as follows:
b. Guess-who technique
c. Sociometric technique
d. Anecdotal technique
Answer: C

22. Which of the following assessment


procedures/tools is useful in assessing
social relation skills?
a. Anecdotal record
b. Attitude scale
c. Peer appraisal
d. any of the above
b. Secondary level
c. Elementary and secondary levels
Item Difficulty Discrimination d. Tertiary level
Number Index Index Answer: C

1 .58 .49 3. Who among the following is in the


category of non-academic personnel as
2 .92 .72 provided for under Education Act of
1982?
a. Guidance counselors
3 .09 .32
b. School principal
c. School nurse
4 .93 .15 d. School librarian
Answer: C
Which of the above items should be
discard in her item pool?
4. How is gradual progression of
a. Item 1
teacher's salary from minimum to
b. Item 2
maximum done?
c. Item 3
a. Regular increment every year
d. Item 4
b. Increment after ten years of service
Answer: D
c. Regular increment every 3 years
Below is the LET Reviewer for d. Increment after five years
Professional Education Prof. Ed.: Answer: C
Teaching Profession Part 1. We
encourage readers/ reviewees to use 5. Which of the following is NOT
the comment boxes after the article for recognized by the Magna Carta for
discussion. Meanwhile, answers are Public School Teachers?
already incorporated below the a. Quality education depends primarily
questions. SEE ALSO: LET Reviewer in on the quality of socio-economic status
Prof. Ed. Teaching Profession Part 2 of teachers.
b. Advancement in education depends
1. Which of the following emphasizes
on the teachers' qualifications and
the right of citizens to quality education?
ability.
a. The basic education level
c. Education is an essential factor in the
b. Tertiary level
economic growth of the nation.
c. The graduate level
d. Education is development and vice-
d. All levels
versa.
Answer: D
Answer: D
2. Which educational level/s provide/s
6. What appointment can be given to
for free and compulsory education as
Teacher A who possesses the minimum
stipulated in Article IV, Section 2 of the
qualifications but lacks the appropriate
Philippine Constitution?
a. Elementary level
but lacks the appropriate civil service a. Teachers cannot be charged.
eligibility? b. No person can assault a teacher.
a. Contractual basis c. Teachers have immunity from arrest.
b. Permanent d. Decisions made by teachers are
c. Provisional deemed right.
d. Substitute Answer: B
Answer: C
11. Who among the following
characterizes a professional teacher?
7. Which of the following rights is a. An education graduate who received
intended for parents under Education honors
Act of 1982? b. A teacher who has taught for at least
a. The right to academic freedom six years
b. The right to privacy of communication c. A teacher who has attended national
c. The right to seek redress of grievance seminars on teaching
d. The right to full access to the d. A teacher who qualifies for a
evidence of the case permanent position under RA 4670
Answer: C Answer: D

8. What can help achieve relevant 12. Who are covered by RA 4670?
quality education? a. Teachers in all levels
a. Strong curriculum b. Teachers in all public elementary
b. Competent instruction schools
c. School-community relations c. Teachers in both public and private
d. Competent administrator schools
Answer: B d. Teachers in public elementary and
secondary schools
9. Which of the following provisions Answer: D
under the Magna Carta for Public 13. Teacher B has been in active service
School Teachers will most likely promote for 10 years when he decided to pursue
teachers' welfare and defend their higher studies. Under RA 4670, what
interests? kind of leave of absence can s/he avail
a. Be promoted in rank and salary of?
b. Regulate their social involvement a. Indefinite leave
c. Undergo and participate in b. Scholarship leave
professional development c. Study leave
d. Establish, join and maintain d. Vacation leave
professional and self-regulation Answer: C
organizations
Answer: D 14. When can teachers be required to
work on assignment not related to their
10. What does "teachers are persons in duties?
authority" imply? a. When on probation
b. When found inefficient area; and Teacher G in a place where
c. When lacking in educational standard of living is high. Who is entitled
qualifications to a hardship allowance?
d. When compensated under existing a. Teacher D
laws b. Teacher E
Answer: D c. Teacher F
d. Teacher G
15. Teacher C has been teaching 7 Answer: C
straight years and therefore qualities for
a study leave with pay for one year. 19. Teacher H contracted an illness that
Should she pursue it, how much pay is required rest for more than one year.
she entitled to receive? Which leave should she apply for?
a. 50% of monthly salary a. Sick leave
b. 60% of monthly salary b. Personal leave
c. 70% of monthly salary c. Vacation leave
d. 100% monthly salary d. Indefinite leave
Answer: B Answer: D

16. Which of the following laws 20. A school personnel can avail of free
strengthens teacher education in the legal service under certain
Philippines through the establishment of circumstances. Principal I was accused
centers of excellence? a. RA 7722 of maligning her neighbor. Is Principal I
b. RA 7784 entitled to the said service?
c. RA 7796 a. Yes, she should defend herself.
d. RA 7834 b. No, if funds are not available.
Answer: B c. No, it might bring some
disagreements in school
17. What does free public secondary d. No, the case is not related to her
educational under the law mean? professional duties.
a. Right of every student to enter public Answer: D
secondary schools
b. Free from being screened to enter 21. Teacher J discusses conflicts
pubic secondary schools between warring groups in Mindanao.
c. Free from payment of school fees Which pillar should he stress more?
identifies and authorized by law a. Learning to be
d. Free from payment of tuition and b. Learning to live together
other fees for students enrolled in public c. Learning to do
secondary schools d. Learning to know
Answer: D Answer: B

18. Teacher D is assigned in a rural 22. Teacher K teaches in a public


area; Teacher E in a depressed school in her locality. Due to teacher
community; Teacher F in a hazardous shortage, her classroom teaching starts
from 6 am and ends at 3 pm. Is the a. The teacher must select which
assignment given her just? information to keep confidential
a. Yes, the situation demands that she b. The teacher must demonstrate full
render longer teaching hours. commitment and devotion to duty
b. Yes, as long as she signs a conforme c. The teacher must manifest pride in
letter to that effect. the nobility of the teaching profession
c. No, rendering longer teaching hours d. The teacher must make no prejudice
would make the teacher tired and or discrimination against any learner
exhausted.
d. No, Magna Carta for Public School Answer: A
Teachers states that in the exigencies of
service, any teacher may be required to 25. Which of the following could be the
render more than six hours and n ot reason for the teacher's suspension
more than eight hours of actual from the practice of the teaching
classroom teaching a day. profession?
Answer: D a. Immoral, unprofessional or
dishonorable conduct
23. Teacher L, a graduate of BSEd with b. Observing proper procedures in
majorship in Mathematics teaches in a obtaining a certificate of registration
national high school in her province. c. Faithfulness to the code of ethical and
Since she has been rated outstanding in professional standards for professional
her performance, can she be exempted teachers
from taking the LET? d. Willingness to attend seminars,
a. Yes, that is a privilege that must be workshops, conferences and the like or
given to teachers whose performance is the continuing education program
outstanding. prescribed by the Board and the
b. Yes, if approved by PRC. Commission.
c. No, RA 7836 states that no person Answer: A
shall practice or offer to practice the
teaching profession in the Philippines or Below is the LET Reviewer for
be appointed as teacher to any position Professional Education Prof. Ed.:
calling for a teaching position without Teaching Profession Part 2. We
having previously obtained a valid encourage readers/ reviewees to use
certificate and a valid license from the the comment boxes after the article for
Commission. discussion. Meanwhile, answers are
d. No, professional license is required of already incorporated below the
all teachers regardless of age and questions. SEE ALSO: LET Reviewer in
teaching performance. Prof. Ed. Teaching Profession Part 1
Answer: C
1. Ms. Sanchez, a BSE graduate, has
24. Which of the following statements is not passed the LET yet. On what
NOT true about the Code of Ethics for capacity can she be hired?
Professional Teachers? a. Permanent status
b. Emergency status could Teacher P do to acknowledge
c. Provisional for not less six months Teacher Q's assistance?
d. Provisional for not less than one year a. Buy her a gift
Answer: D b. Keep quiet about the assistance
received.
2. Teacher M suffers from hypertension c. Mention formally to the principal the
and experiences difficulty in speech. assistance received.
Which would be affected if he continues d. Make an announcement giving due
teaching? recognition of the assistance received.
a. Personality Answer: D
b. Punctuality
c. Effectiveness 6. Is holding a rally to protest the delay
d. Devotion to duty of benefits due a person ethically
Answer: C acceptable?
a. Yes, when hold while on official time.
3. Teacher N wants to continue with her b. Yes, when hold outside the official
study leave for another six months after time.
completing a school year. Could she be c. Yes, when hold with approval of the
allowed? principal.
a. Yes, if her grades are excellent. d. Yes, when hold together with parents
b. Yes, but without compensation. and students.
c. No, other teachers should have the Answer: B
chance.
d. No, study leave should not exceed 7. What should a teacher do when
one year. he/she falls in love with his/her student?
Answer: B a. Court the student at home. b.
Propose and marry the student.
4. Teacher O tutors her students, who c. Wait till the student is no longer under
have difficulty coping with Math, after his/her tutelage.
class hours. Is her act ethical? d. Act normally as if nothing happens
a. Yes, provided she receives jut and the student does not exist.
compensation. Answer: C
b. Yes, provided she does not require a
fee from the parent. 8. When a Principal starts to exercise
c. No, that is unfair to other students. his/her powers over making and
d. No, she should be free after her promoting students, is his/her action
official time. acceptable?
Answer: B a. Yes, when the teacher cannot make
decision on time.
5. Teacher P, the English coordinator, b. Yes, when there is abuse of judgment
was assisted by Teacher Q throughout on the part of the teacher.
the celebration of English Week. What c. No, teachers are more knowledgeable
of their student's performance.
d. No, grading and promoting students a. Read her letter to the class.
are exclusive functions of teachers. b. Let the student express her feelings
Answer: B through letters.
c. Return the letter to the student and
9. Teacher R was asked by her principal tell her not to do it again.
to teach pre-school class in addition to d. Surrender the letter to the parent of
her regular grade one class. What will the student.
be the basis for her additional Answer: C
compensation?
a. Her basic salary 13. Mr. Nico, a Social Science teacher is
b. Performance rating advocating reforms which the principal
c. Providing public information of their failed to recognize. What should the
policies and procedures principal do?
d. Encouraging appreciation of a. Subject Mr. Nico to a disciplinary
government agencies measure.
Answer: D b. Just keep quiet about the behavior of
Mr. Nico
c. Call Mr. Nico to the office and clarify
10. Which of the following shows things out with him.
responsiveness of public officials and d. Send Mr. Nico a memo requiring him
employees? to explain his behavior.
a. Avoiding wastage in public funds b. Answer: C
Formulating rules and policies regarding
work 14. Which of the following manifests
c. Providing public information of their "Commitment to democracy" as
policies and procedures explained in RA 6713?
d. Encouraging appreciation of a. Maintaining the principle of
government services accountability.
Answer: C b. Committing to democratic values and
ways of life.
11. Teacher S, a Science teacher has c. Manifesting by deeds the supremacy
been accused of sexual harassment by of civilian authority over the military.
one of her students. What should the d. All of the above
school principal do? a. Ask the teacher Answer: D
to surrender to the police. b. Tell the
teacher to stop reporting to school. c.
Advice the teacher to transfer to other
school. d. Create a committee to 15. Teacher U was ordered by her
investigate the accusation. Answer: D principal to come to school on four
12. Teacher T receives a love letter from consecutive Saturdays for the training of
one of her third year high school students' editorial staff of their school
students in Eenglish. What should Mr. paper. Is this allowed under RA 4670?
Martin do?
a. Yes, provided the teacher is
compensated. 18. Mr. Santos is a holder of a valid
b. No, because it's not within the regular certificate of eligibility as a teacher
functions of the classroom teacher. issued by the Civil Service
c. Yes, because it's part of the teacher's Commissioner and the then DECS,
other duties while Mr. Cruz is a registered
d. No, because it's not clearly indicated professional. Who is allowed to practice
in the law the teaching profession in the
Answer: C Philippines?
a. Mr. Santos, because of his CSC
16. Dr. Velasco, a schools' division eligibility certificate.
superintendent acted on the complaint b. Mr. Cruz, because their credentials
filed by a group of parents against the are both recognized by law.
alleged misconduct of a particular c. Both of them, because their
teacher. She issued a memorandum credentials are both recognized by law.
requiring her to take a leave of absence d. Neither of the two because they did
for a week while the complaint is being not take and pass the LET.
heard yet. Was the action of the Answer: C
superintendent legal?
a. Yes, because she is the 19. What is RA 6713 also called?
superintendent. a. Ethical Standards for public
b. No, because the complaint has not Employees
been heard yet. b. Code of Ethical Standards for
c. Yes, the superintendent has Government Officials and Employees
disciplinary authority over teachers. c. Code of Conduct and Ethical
d. No, the superintendent has no Standards for Public Officials and
disciplinary authority over teachers. Employees
Answer: C d. Code of Ethical Standards and
Conduct of Government Officials and
17. A school's academic coordinator has Employees
been found to have engaged in Answer: C
gambling which has caused him to be
absent most of the time. Can his 20. Teacher V, a BEED graduate is
certificate of registration as a teacher be preparing for the LET. Which of the
revoked? following should she focus her attention
a. No, unless he's proven guilty. more?
b. No, because he's protected by his a. General Education
rights as a teacher. b. Specialization
c. Yes, because he's incompetent. c. Professional Education d. General
d. Yes, because habitual gambling is a Education and Professional Education
dishonorable conduct and is against the
practice of teaching. Answer: D
Answer: D
21. What norm of conduct is manifested Answer: D
by being loyal to the republic and to the
Filipino people? 25. Which of the following is true about
a. Professionalism the teacher as a person under the Code
b. Nationalism and Patriotism of Ethics for Professional Teachers?
c. Responsiveness to the public a. Live with dignity at all times wherever
d. Honesty he/she is
Answer: B b. Serve as a model worthy of emulation
c. Place premium upon self-respect and
22. Mr. Salazar, a school self-discipline
superintendent, filed his statement of d. All of the above.
assets and liabilities upon assuming to Answer: D
office. Under what ethical standard does
this practice fall?
a. Divestment Professional Education Prof. Ed.: Social
b. Prohibited Acts and Transactions Dimensions in Education/ Developments
c. Statement of Assets and Liabilities in Education Part 1. We encourage
d. System of Incentives readers/ reviewees to use the comment
Answer: C boxes after the article for discussion.
Meanwhile, answers are already
23. Principal B acted on the letter of incorporated below the questions. SEE
complaint received by his office 30 days ALSO: LET Reviewer in Prof. Ed. Social
after saying he was preoccupied by Dimensions in Education/ Developments
more important things the past days. Is in Education Part 2
his reason acceptable?
a. Yes, because he has to prioritize 1. Which of the following conditions
things. manifests trend of globalization?
b. No, RA 6713 states that public a. Establishment of stronger boundaries
officials and employees must act between and among nations.
promptly on letters and requests within b. Increased awareness on the
15 working days from receipt thereof. importance of national cultures and
c. Yes, because the letter of complaint traditions.
can wait and is of no urgency. c. Less and less impact of human
d. No, the reason is simple activity on the planet earth.
unacceptable. d. The incorporation of local and
Answer: B national economies into a worldwide
global economy.
24. Which of the following is NOT in the Answer: D
norms of conduct under RA 6713?
a. Professionalism
b. Justness and sincerity 2. According to the Delors report, there
c. Commitment to public interest are a number of main tensions central to
d. Responsiveness to the private the problems of the twenty first century
that we need to overcome. One of them c. Promoting care for the environment
is the challenge to an individual how he and building a global culture of
or she can adapt to the changing world ecological responsibility.
without forgetting or turning his/her back d. The exploration of concepts of cultural
from the past. What kind of tension or diversity, similarities and prejudices to
conflict is manifested in this situation? promote cultural understanding.
a. Tension between tradition and Answer: D
modernity
b. Tension between the global and the 6. Which of the following may be
local considered an economic impact of
c. Tension between the universal and globalization on education?
the individual a. Increasing commercialization of
d. Tension between long term and short education and the corporate takeover of
term considerations education
Answer: B b. Weakening of the notion of the
"citizen" as a unified and unifying
3. Which of the following features concept.
represents the new paradigm shift in c. New technologies of information and
education? communication creates new approaches
a. Traditional pedagogies to learning
b. Lifelong education for all d. Reduction of state and government
c. Rigid subject matter boundaries support and subsidy for education
d. Knowledge as the only learning Answer: A
outcome
Answer: B 7. Which of the following aptly describes
Marshall Mcluhans' concept of global
4. What is the measure of relevance in village?
education? a. The idea that because of rapid
a. Democratization of access globalization and development in
b. Functionality and meaningfulness technology, the world has become one
c. Ability to sustain education through global village where increased diversity
the future and difference among people has
d. Excellence and effectiveness become more pronounced than ever.
Answer: B b. Rapid integration of the planet
through media and technology where
5. What is the concern of Multicultural events in one part of the world could be
Education? experienced from other parts in real-
a. Anticipating the future and imagining time, similar to what human experience
possible and probable futures. was like when we lived in small villages.
b. Gender equality and harnessing of c. Global Village is the kind of global
the role of women in development. world we are experiencing,
characterized by fundamentalism,
apathy and conflict brought about by a. Shift from rigid subject matter to a
clashes of cultures. more interdisciplinary and
d. People's cultural and religious multidisciplinary pedagogical approach.
identities will be the primary source of b. Shift from values education and
conflict in the post-Cold War world as emotional learning to knowledge
evidenced by the conflict between dominated curriculum
fundamentalist Muslims and the western c. From contextualized themes
world. generated from global and local realities
Answer: A to pre-organized subject matter
d. From more flexible learning styles to
8. When planning her lessons and units, a prescribed pedagogy
Mrs. Jones is careful to include books Answer: A
and resources from a variety of cultures
and ethnic groups. What kind of 11. What educational
education is this? approach/perspective recognizes the
a. Multilingual education knowledge and experience of women,
b. Transformative education racial groups and ethnic groups as
c. Multicultural education being just, as valid and relevant as the
d. Gender free education knowledge of dominant groups in
Answer: C mainstream academic discourse?
a. Transformative education
b. Multicultural education
9. Which of the following is NOT a c. Inclusive education
characteristic of globalization? d. Global education
a. Stretching a social, political and Answer: C
economic activities across political
frontiers, regions and continents. 12. How does the notion of cultural
b. The growing magnitude of relativity and variability affect the
interconnectedness and flows of trade, teaching-learning processes in school?
investment and migration. a. The students' varied cultural
c. A speeding up of global interactions background will in now way affect the
and processes through worldwide way they will learn the lessons in school.
systems of transportation and b. The students can readily adjust to the
communication. way the teacher initiates learning in
d. The expansion of economic school because children are adaptable
protectionism and isolation of poor beings no matter what culture they
countries. come from.
Answer: D c. The child's cultural background
influences the children's way of
10. Which of the following illustrates the interpreting and viewing the world;
major paradigm shift in education in the hence, teachers must consider the
21st century? children's world view when teaching.
d. The teacher should be wary of c. Learning to Live Together
differing cultural points of view and must d. Learning to Be
make sure that students will see things Answer: B
the same way.
Answer: D 16.What pillar of education which
emphasizes learning to be human,
13. Which among the following is the through acquisition of knowledge, skills
focus of Civic Education? and values conducive to personality
a. Promote understanding of human development?
rights, concepts and values to enable a. Learning to Know b. Learning to Do
learners to comprehend and transform c. Learning to Live Together
conditions which give rise to human d. Learning to Be
rights violations. Answer: D
b. Learning for effective participation in 17. A class is composed of students
democratic and development processes coming from several ethnic communities
at both local and national levels. including Muslims and lumads. They
c. Foster a vision of education for seem to have difficulty understanding
sustainable development and care for each others' behavior and points of
the environment. view. What should the teacher do?
d. Empower people with the skills, a. Introduce multicuturalism in the class
attitudes and knowledge to build a and provide activities for practice.
peaceful world based on justice and b. Threaten the students that if there are
human rights. students who do not behave and
Answer: B tolerant of their classmates, s/he will be
dropped from class.
14. Which of the following initiatives c. Inform students that they will all be
would NOT help a school address learning new ways of thinking and
diversity? behaving in this class, so they might as
a. Using ability grouping well leave their cultural idiosyncrasies at
b. Using cooperative learning home.
c. Working with neighborhood groups d. Assign bright students to monitor and
d. Using culturally-relevant teaching control behavior of poor students.
methods Answer: A
Answer: A
18. Which of the following qualities
15. If the teacher is emphasizing the should be developed by the pillar,
development of the learner's Learning to Live Together?
competency to transform knowledge into a. Strong appreciation of the diversity of
innovations and job-creation, what pillar the human race
of education does s/he is actually b. Readiness to take risks and resolve
promoting? or manage conflicts
a. Learning to Know c. Scientific spirit and an inquiring mind
b. Learning to Do
d. Complete fulfillment of humans, in all aim of the Agenda's Global Campaign
the richness of his/her personality for Peace Education?
Answer: A a. Helps coordinate local initiatives and
unite educators in the common practice
19. Which of the following statements of educating for a culture of peace.
about Gender is correct? b. Supports the UN Decade for a
a. Gender is biologically determined. Culture of Peace and Non-violence for
b. Gender is socially and culturally- the Children of the World and to
constructed. introduce peace and human rights
c. Gender roles are the same in all education into all educational
societies. institutions.
d. Gender is an ascribed status in c. Brings together multiple traditions of
society. pedagogy, theories of education, and
Answer: B international initiatives for the
advancement of total human
20. UNICEF and UNESCO are two key development and care for the
UN agencies which are particularly environment through learning.
active advocates of education for peace. d. Serves to enhance learning across
Which of the following is not supported subjects like conflict resolution
by UNESCO in promoting peace in the initiatives.
schools? Answer: B
a. Uphold children's basic rights as
outlined in the Convention on the Rights 22. The impact of conflict on children
of the Child (CRC) whether as victims of war or child
b. Develop a climate that models soldiers has been brought to world
peaceful and respectful behavior among attention through media, international
all members of the learning community organizations and eye witness accounts.
c. Demonstrate the principles of equality What is the best thing to do to help
and non-discrimination in administrative children affected by conflict?
policies a. Employ education to regain parts of a
d. Enable the teachers to stress peace- lost children and to facilitate the
making in social studies classroom only experiences that support healthy social,
when necessary Answer: D emotional and intellectual growth and
development b. Provide employment
21. One way to advance peace opportunity for them as well as their
education is through partnerships of parents to attain financial independence
various non-governmental c. Offer them to migrate in neighboring
organizations, education institutions, country as foreign refugees
United Nations specialized bodies which d. Secure their safety by imposing strict
link ideals of peace with research and curfew hours
practice. One such significant examples Answer: A
is the Hague Agenda for Peace and
Justice for the 21st Century. What is the
23. The United Nations is committed to c. Many teachers infuse peace
address climate through mitigation and education into traditional academic
adaptation. Which of the following is the subjects such as literature, math,
best way of addressing the issue? science, history, language, civics and
a. Deepen strategic and operational the arts.
collaboration with international and d. All of the above
regional organizations, including Answer: D
international financial institutions and
regional development banks, and other 25. What is celebrated every December
stakeholders. 10?
b. Developing a policy framework that a. Mother Language day
identifies basic elements needed to b. Human Rights Day
prevent human rights violations. c. Earth's Day
c. Facilitate and execute agreements on d. International Day of Tolerance
reducing emissions from deforestation Answer: B
and forest degradation to protect forests
and sustain the livelihoods of the people Below is the LET Reviewer for
who depend on them. Professional Education Prof. Ed.: Social
d. Enhancing collaboration among Dimensions in Education/ Developments
humanitarian organizations, particularly in Education Part 2. We encourage
from the global South, at the local, readers/ reviewees to use the comment
national and regional levels, to boxes after the article for discussion.
strengthen community resilience and Meanwhile, answers are already
emergency response, and establishing a incorporated below the questions. SEE
monitoring system to assess progress ALSO: LET Reviewer in Prof. Ed. Social
on the implementation of preparedness Dimensions in Education/ Developments
measures. in Education Part 1
Answer: C
1. What kind of tension is referred to
24. Why are educational environments when people prefer to have quick
very crucial to peace education? answers and ready solution to many
a. The social, cultural, economic and problems even if its calls for a patient,
political contexts in which educators concerted, negotiated strategy of
work shape the specific content and reform?
methods they choose for peace a. Tension between modernity and
education. tradition
b. The variety of different educational b. Tension between long term and short
settings from rural to urban, school- term considerations
based to community and within the c. Tension between spiritual and
formal curricula or non-formal popular material
education projects are relevant to peace d. Tension between individual and
education. universal
Answer: B
5. The rapid traversing of ideas,
2. In what strands of the four pillars of attitudes and values across national
education implies a shift from skill to borders that generally leads to an
competence, or a mix of higher-order interconnectedness and interaction
skills specific to each individual? a. between peoples of diverse cultures and
Learning to Know ways of life. What is being referred to?
b. Learning to Do a. Cultural Globalization
c. Learning to Live Together b. Fundamentalism
c. Learning to Be c. Multiculturalism
Answer: B d. Clash of civilization

Answer: A
3. Which of the following is NOT true
about the Four Pilalrs of Learning? 6. Which is considered a political impact
a. The pillars of learning stress the goal of globalization?
of contributing to social cohesion, a. Changing role of education in terms
intercultural and international of preparing students for the world of
understanding, peaceful interchange, work
and harmony. b. The threat to the autonomy of national
b. The Pillars of Learning imply a shift educational systems by globalization.
from schooling to learning throughout c. Reforms in education as lifelong
life by "learning how to learn" education
c. The pillars of learning stress the d. Branding, globalization and learning
importance of closer linkage between to be consumers
education and the world of work. Answer: B
d. The Pillars of Learning adheres to the
instrumental and purely academic view 7. What United Nation Decade are we
of education that focuses on the celebrating for 2005-2014?
achievement of specific aims of a. Educating for Culture of Peace
education such as economic b. Educating for International
productivity. Understanding
Answer: D c. Educating for Sustainable
Development
4. What pillar of education of J. Delors
(UNESCO) focuses on voc-tech relevant d. Promoting the Rights of the Elderly
to people-centered human Answer: C
development?
a. Learning to Know 8. With the growing competition brought
b. Learning to Do about by globalization, what is preferred
c. Learning to Live Together by most employers in hiring their
d. Learning to Be employees?
Answer: B a. Flexible
b. Selective
c. Quick c. Reduce death due to HIV/AIDS and
d. None of the above malaria
Answer: A d. Achieve universal access to primary
education
9. Which of the following characteristics Answer: B
does NOT describe contextualized
learning as a major paradigm shift in 12. Which among the following
education? statements about Human Rights
a. From limited access to time-bound Education (HRE) is correct?
and space limited education, to a. HRE is more of the responsibilities of
borderless education, lifelong learning the state to implement human rights law
for all in a learning society. rather than the protection of the rights
b. From traditional pedagogies to more holders
modern strategies of teaching and b. HRE should focus more on rights
learning. based on "law in books", rather than
c. From knowledge limited to the local "law in real-life".
scene to the globalized knowledge, c. HRE needs to focus on the values,
values, attitudes, and skills interfaced principles, and standards and human
with local wisdom. rights and how they can be translated
d. Pre-organized subject matter to into day-to-day actions
localized themes generated from the d. Human Rights Standards vary from
global realities and the cultural relevant, society to society and HRE therefore
meaningful and useful to learner. should also vary in terms of approaches
Answer: A and methods
Answer: C
10. What current current trend in
education focuses on the study of the 13. What is the implication and
basic concepts, beliefs and values globalization to the practice and
underlying our democratic political experience of education?
community and constitutional order? a. Increase of state and government
a. Civic education support and subsidy for education
b. Development education b. Commodification and the corporate
c. Peace education takeover of education
c. Multicultural education c. Greater autonomy of national
Answer: A educational systems
d. Delocalization of technologies and
11. Which of the following is the first orientations in education
target of the Millennium Development Answer: B
Goals (MDG's) formulated by member
states of the UN in September 2000? 14. Which of the following skills
a. Reduce child mortality corresponds to the Fourth Pillar of
b. Eradicate extreme poverty and Learning, "Learning to live together"?
hunger
a. Empathy and cooperative social appreciation and commitment to equality
behavior among the teachers and students.
b. Personal commitment and sense of b. Multicultural education decreases
responsibility stereotyping and prejudice through
c. Adaptability to change in the world of direct contact and interaction among
work diverse individuals.
d. Reasoning and problem solving skills c. Multicultural education promotes
Answer: A independence of various ethnic groups
in development and supports
15. Which of the following is NOT a fragmented view of the world.
characteristic of Multicultural education? d. Multicultural education renews vitality
a. Personality empowering of society through the richness of the
b. Socially transformative different cultures of its members and
c. Pedagogically humanistic fosters development.
d. Culturally discriminating Answer: C
Answer: D
19. Which of the following is NOT one of
16. What is the character of education the benefits of social media?
that manifests democratization of a. Mass media decreases prejudice and
access and inclusivity? discrimination.
a. Relevance b. Mass media enriches the educational
b. Sustainability programs.
c. Quality c. Mass media increases student's
d. Equity exposure to diversity.
Answer: D d. Mass media helps provoke discussion
of current issues.
17. What is the kind of education that Answer: A
emphasizes human-earth relationships
and fosters a vision of education for 20. Which among the following rights
sustainable development to build a manifests rule of law and good
global culture of ecological governance?
responsibility? a. Right to education
a. Human Rights Education b. Right to environment protection
b. Development Education c. Right of participation
c. Environmental Education d. Right to work
d. Global Education Answer: C
Answer: C
21. Which among the following is NOT a
18. Which of the following is NOT a core principle of human rights?
benefit of multicultural education? a. Human dignity
a. Multicultural education increases b. Non-discrimination
positive relationships through c. Universality
achievement of common goals, respect, d. Independency
Answer: D informed, including parents who cannot
speak English or Filipino.l
22. How are human rights principles d. The importance of the family's
reflected in the activities of national and influence on children's education has
local governments? diminished over the past few years.
a. Legislating laws to include rights Answer: C
education in all levels of schooling
b. Organizing local exhibit or event to 25. Which of the following is NOT a
highlight the children's talents and local guiding statement of peace education?
products a. Peace education teaches students
c. Asking the community leaders to what to think rather than how to think.
volunteer in the construction of a b. Peace education employs holistic and
barangay hall participatory approach.
d. Lobbying to the UN High Commission c. Peace education aims not to
for Human Rights to allocate higher reproduce but transform.
budget for Philippines' Commission on d. Peace builds bridges of support
Human Rights. among key participants.
Answer: A Answer: A

23. Which of the following could be a


reason to justify peace education as a
series of "teaching encounters" or
teaching-learning process?
a. Desire for peace
b. Nonviolent alternatives for managing
conflict
c. Skills for critical analysis of structural
arrangements that produce and
legitimize injustice and inequality
d. All of the above
Answer: D

24. Which of the following is accurate in


regard to working with parents in diverse
classrooms?
a. The parent's culture is important, but
should not influence their children's
education.
b. Teachers should demonstrate their
"expertise" to parents to show they know
best.
c. Teachers should strive to use a
variety of ways to keep parents