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TRAINING MANUAL

CFM56-5B

BORESCOPE INSPECTION

MARCH 1998

CTC-071
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Published by CFMI

CFMI Customer Training Center CFMI Customer Training Services


Snecma (RXEF) GE Aircraft Engines
Direction de lAprs-Vente Civile Customer Technical Education Center
MELUN-MONTEREAU 123 Merchant Street
Arodrome de Villaroche B.P. 1936 Mail Drop Y2
77019 - MELUN-MONTEREAU Cedex Cincinnati, Ohio 45246
FRANCE USA

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This CFMI publication is for Training Purposes Only. The information is accurate at the time of compilation; however, no
update service will be furnished to maintain accuracy. For authorized maintenance practices and specifications, consult
pertinent maintenance publications.

The information (including technical data) contained in this document is the property of CFM International (GE and
SNECMA). It is disclosed in confidence, and the technical data therein is exported under a U.S. Government license.
Therefore, None of the information may be disclosed to other than the recipient.

In addition, the technical data therein and the direct product of those data, may not be diverted, transferred, re-exported
or disclosed in any manner not provided for by the license without prior written approval of both the U.S. Government and
CFM International.

COPYRIGHT 1998 CFM INTERNATIONAL

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

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CONTENTS March
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98
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
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Chapter Section Page

Table of contents 1 to 2

Lexis 1 to 8

72-00-00 Engine inspection areas and components 1 to 26

Borescope ports 1 to 22

Borescope equipment 1 to 10

Borescope inspection 1 to 62

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ABBREVIATIONS & ACRONYMS

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A B
A/C AIRCRAFT BITE BUILT IN TEST EQUIPMENT
AC ALTERNATING CURRENT BMC BLEED MANAGEMENT COMPUTER
ACARS AIRCRAFT COMMUNICATION BSI BORESCOPE INSPECTION
ADRESSING and REPORTING SYSTEM BSV BURNER STAGING VALVE
ACMS AIRCRAFT CONDITION MONITORING BVCS BLEED VALVE CONTROL SOLENOID
SYSTEM
ACS AIRCRAFT CONTROL SYSTEM C
A/D ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL CBP (HP) COMPRESSOR BLEED PRESSURE
ADC AIR DATA COMPUTER CCA CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY
ADEPT AIRLINE DATA ENGINE PERFORMANCE CCDL CROSS CHANNEL DATA LINK
TREND CCFG COMPACT CONSTANT FREQUENCY
ADIRS AIR DATA AND INERTIAL REFERENCE GENERATOR
SYSTEM CCU COMPUTER CONTROL UNIT
AEBG AIRCRAFT ENGINE BUSINESS GROUP CCW COUNTER CLOCK WISE
AGB ACCESSORY GEARBOX CD LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY
AIDS AIRCRAFT INTEGRATED DATA SYSTEM CDP (HP) COMPRESSOR DISCHARGE
ALF AFT LOOKING FORWARD PRESSURE
ALT ALTITUDE CESM COMMERCIAL ENGINE SERVICE
AMB AMBIENT MEMORANDUM
AMM AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL CFDIU CENTRALIZED FAULT DISPLAY
AOG AIRCRAFT ON GROUND INTERFACE UNIT
APU AUXILIARY POWER UNIT CFDS CENTRALIZED FAULT DISPLAY SYSTEM
ARINC AERONAUTICAL RADIO, INC. CFMI JOINT GE/SNECMA COMPANY (CFM
(SPECIFICATION) INTERNATIONAL)
ATA AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION Ch A channel A
ATHR AUTO THRUST Ch B channel B
ATO ABORTED TAKE OFF CMC CENTRALIZE MAINTENANCE COMPUTER
CMM COMPONENT MAINTENANCE MANUAL
CMS CENTRALIZE MAINTENANCE SYSTEM

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CG CENTER OF GRAVITY E
cm.g CENTIMETER X GRAMS EBU ENGINE BUILDUP UNIT
CHATV CHANNEL ACTIVE ECAM ELECTRONIC CENTRALIZED AIRCRAFT
CIP(HP) COMPRESSOR INLET PRESSURE MONITORING
CIT(HP) COMPRESSOR INLET TEMPERATURE ECU ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNIT
CODEP HIGH TEMPERATURE COATING ECUCV ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNIT COOLING
CPU CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT VALVE
CRT CATHODE RAY TUBE EEPROM ELECTRICALLY ERASABLE
CSD CONSTANT SPEED DRIVE PROGRAMMABLE READ ONLY MEMORY
CSI CYCLES SINCE INSTALLATION EFH ENGINE FLIGHT HOURS
CSN CYCLES SINCE NEW EFIS ELECTRONIC FLIGHT INSTRUMENT
Cu.Ni.In CUPPER.NICKEL.INDIAN SYSTEM
CW CLOCK WISE EGT EXHAUST GAS TEMPERATURE
EICAS ENGINE INDICATING AND CREW
D ALERTING SYSTEM
D/A DIGITAL TO ANALOG EIS ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENT SYSTEM
DAC DIGITAL TO ANALOG CONVERTER EIU ENGINE INTERFACE UNIT
D&C DELAYS AND CANCELLATIONS EMF ELECTROMOTIVE FORCE
DC DIRECT CURRENT EMI ELECTRO MAGNETIC INTERFERENCE
DCU DATA CONVERSION UNIT EMU ENGINE MAINTENANCE UNIT
DGAC DIRECTION GENERALE DE LAVIATION EEPROM ELECTRICALLY ERASABLE
CIVILE PROGRAMMABLE READ ONLY MEMORY
DICH DISCRETE INTERFACE CUSTOM HYBRID ESN ENGINE SERIAL NUMBER
DISC DISCRETE EIU ENGINE INTERFACE UNIT
DIU DIGITAL INTERFACE UNIT
DMC DISPLAY MANAGEMENT COMPUTER F
DMU DATA MANAGEMENT UNIT FAA FEDERAL AVIATION AGENCY
DPU DIGITAL PROCESSING MODULE FADEC FULL AUTHORITY DIGITAL
ENGINE CONTROL
FAR FUEL AIR RATIO

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FDRS FLIGHT DATA RECORDING SYSTEM HMU HYDROMECHANICAL UNIT
FEIM FIELD ENGINEERING INVESTIGATION HP HIGH PRESSURE
MEMO HPC HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR
FFCCV FAN FRAME/COMPRESSOR CASE HPCR HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR ROTOR
VERTICAL (VIBRATION SENSOR) HPSOV HIGH PRESSURE SHUTOFF VALVE
FI FLIGHT IDLE (F/I) HPT HIGH PRESSURE TURBINE
FLA FORWARD LOOKING AFT HPTC HIGH PRESSURE TURBINE CLEARANCE
FLX TO FLEXIBLE TAKE OFF HPT(A)CC HIGH PRESSURE TURBINE (ACTIVE)
FMGC FLIGHT MANAGEMENT AND GUIDANCE CLEARANCE CONTROL
COMPUTER HPTCCV HIGH PRESSURE TURBINE CLEARANCE
FMS FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM CONTROL VALVE
FMV FUEL METERING VALVE HPTR HIGH PRESSURE TURBINE ROTOR
FOD FOREIGN OBJECT DAMAGE Hz HERTZ (CYCLE PER SECOND)
FPA FRONT PANEL ASSEMBLY
FPI FLUORESCENT PENETRANT I
INSPECTION IDG INTEGRATED DRIVE GENERATOR
FRV FUEL RETURN VALVE ID PLUG IDENTIFICATION PLUG
FWC FAULT WARNING COMPUTER IFSD IN FLIGHT SHUT DOWN
FWD FORWARD IGB INLET GEARBOX
IGN IGNITION
G IGV INLET GUIDE VANE
GE GENERAL ELECTRIC in. INCHES
GEM GROUND-BASED ENGINE MONITORING I/O INPUT/OUTPUT
GI GROUND IDLE (G/I) IOM INPUT OUTPUT MODULE
g.in GRAM X INCHES IR INFRA RED
GMT GREENWICH MERIDIAN TIME
GSE GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT K
K 1000 X
H
HCF HIGH CYCLE FATIGUE

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L N
lbs. POUNDS, WEIGHT N1 (NL) LOW PRESSURE ROTOR
LCF LOW CYCLE FATIGUE ROTATIONAL SPEED
LE (L/E) LEADING EDGE N1ACT ACTUAL N1
L/H LEFT HAND N1DMD DEMANDED N1
LP LOW PRESSURE N1CMD COMMANDED N1
LPC LOW PRESSURE COMPRESSOR N1TARGET TARGETED FAN SPEED
LPT LOW PRESSURE TURBINE N2 (NH) HIGH PRESSURE ROTOR ROTATIONAL
LPTC LOW PRESSURE TURBINE CLEARANCE SPEED
LPT(A)CC LOW PRESSURE TURBINE (ACTIVE) N2ACT ACTUAL N2
CLEARANCE CONTROL NVM NON VOLATILE MEMORY
LPTR LOW PRESSURE TURBINE ROTOR
LRU LINE REPLACEABLE UNIT O
LVDT LINEAR VARIABLE DIFFERENTIAL OAT OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE
TRANSFORMER OGV OUTLET GUIDE VANE
OSG OVERSPEED GOVERNOR
M
MO AIRCRAFT SPEED MACH NUMBER P
MCD MAGNETIC CHIP DETECTOR P0 AMBIENT STATIC PRESSURE
MCDU MULTIPURPOSE CONTROL AND P25 HP COMPRESSOR INLET TOTAL AIR
DISPLAY UNIT TEMPERATURE
MCL MAXIMUM CLIMB PCU PRESSURE CONVERTER UNIT
MCT MAXIMUM CONTINUOUS PLA POWER LEVER ANGLE
MDDU MULTIPURPOSE DISK DRIVE UNIT PMC POWER MANAGEMENT CONTROL
MEC MAIN ENGINE CONTROL PMUX PROPULSION MULTIPLEXER
mm. MILLIMETERS PS12 FAN INLET STATIC AIR PRESSURE
MMEL MAIN MINIMUM EQUIPMENT LIST PS13 FAN OUTLET STATIC AIR PRESSURE
MTBF MEAN TIME BETWEEN FAILURES PS3HP COMPRESSOR DISCHARGE STATIC AIR
MTBR MEAN TIME BETWEEN REMOVALS PRESSURE
PSI POUND PER SQUARE INCH

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PSIA POUND PER SQUARE INCH ABSOLUTE SCU SIGNAL CONDITIONING UNIT
PSID POUND PER SQUARE INCH SDI SOURCE/DESTINATION IDENTIFIER
DIFFERENTIAL (BITS) (CF ARINC SPEC)
PSM POWER SUPPLY MODULE SDU SOLENOID DRIVER UNIT
PSS (ECU) PRESSURE SUB-SYSTEM SER SERVICE EVALUATION REQUEST
PSU POWER SUPPLY UNIT SFC SPECIFIC FUEL CONSUMPTION
PT TOTAL PRESSURE SG SPECIFIC GRAVITY
PT2 FAN INLET TOTAL AIR PRESSURE SLS SEA LEVEL STANDARD
(PRIMARY FLOW) (CONDITIONS : 29.92 in. Hg/59 F)
SMM STATUS MATRIX
Q SMP SOFTWARE MANAGEMENT PLAN
QAD QUICK ATTACH DETACH S/N SERIAL NUMBER
QTY QUANTITY SNECMA SOCIETE NATIONALE DETUDE ET DE
CONSTRUCTION DE MOTEURS
R DAVIATION
RAC/SB ROTOR ACTIVE CLEARANCE/START SOL SOLENOID
BLEED S/R SERVICE REQUEST
RACC ROTOR ACTIVE CLEARANCE CONTROL S/V SHOP VISIT
RAM RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY SVR SHOP VISIT RATE
R/H RIGHT HAND SW SOFTWARE
RPM REVOLUTION PER MINUTE
RTD RESISTIVE THERMAL DEVICE T
RTV ROOM TEMPERATURE VULCANIZING T12 FAN INLET TOTAL AIR TEMPERATURE
(MATERIAL) T25 HP COMPRESSOR INLET AIR
RVDT ROTARY VARIABLE DIFFERENTIAL TEMPERATURE
TRANSFORMER T3 HP COMPRESSOR DISCHARGE AIR
TEMPERATURE
S T49.5 EXHAUST GAS TEMPERATURE
SAV STARTER AIR VALVE T5 LOW PRESSURE TURBINE DISCHARGE
SB SERVICE BULLETIN TOTAL AIR TEMPERATURE

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TAT TOTAL AIR TEMPERATURE TSI TIME SINCE INSTALLATION (HOURS)
TBD TO BE DETERMINED TSN TIME SINCE NEW (HOURS)
TBV TRANSIENT BLEED VALVE TTL TRANSISTOR TRANSISTOR LOGIC
T/E TRAILING EDGE
T/C THERMOCOUPLE U
TC HP TURBINE CASE TEMPERATURE UER UNSCHEDULED ENGINE REMOVAL
TCase HP TURBINE CASE TEMPERATURE
TCC TURBINE CLEARANCE CONTROL V
TCJ TEMPERATURE COLD JUNCTION VAC VOLTAGE, ALTERNATING CURRENT
TECU ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNIT INTERNAL VBV VARIABLE BLEED VALVE
TEMPERATURE VDC VOLTAGE, DIRECT CURRENT
TEMPER TURBINE ENGINE MODULAR VDT VARIABLE DIFFERENTIAL
PERFORMANCE ESTIMATING ROUTINE TRANSFORMER
TEO ENGINE OIL TEMPERATURE VRT VARIABLE RESISTANCE TRANSDUCER
TGB TRANSFER GEARBOX VSV VARIABLE STATOR VANE
THP HIGH PRESSURE FUEL TEMPERATURE
Ti TITANIUM W
TLA THROTTLE LEVER ANGLE WDM WATCHDOG MONITOR
TM TORQUE MOTOR WFM WEIGHT OF FUEL METERED
TMC TORQUE MOTOR CURRENT WOW WEIGHT ON WHEEL
TO/GA TAKE OFF/GO AROUND
T/O TAKE OFF
T oil OIL TEMPERATURE
TPU TRANSIENT PROTECTION UNIT
T/R THRUST REVERSER
TRA THROTTLE RESOLVER ANGLE
TRDV THRUST REVERSER DIRECTIONAL
VALVE
TRPV THRUST REVERSER PRESSURIZING
VALVE

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ENGLISH/METRIC CONVERSIONS
METRIC/ENGLISH CONVERSIONS

1 mile= 1.609 km 1 lb. = 0.454 kg


1 km = 0.621 mile 1 kg =2.205 lbs

1 foot = 0.3048 m or 30.48 cm 1 psi. = 6.890 kPa or 6.89 10-2 bar


1 m = 3.281 ft. or 39.37 in. 1 Pa = 1.45 10-4 psi.
1 kPa = 0.145 psi or 0.01 bar
1 in. = 0.0254 m or 2.54 cm 1 bar = 14.5 psi
1 cm = 0.3937 in.
F = 1.8 x C + 32
1 mil. = 25.4 10-6 m or 25.4mm C = ( F - 32 ) /1.8
1 mm = 39.37 mils.

1 sq.in. = 6.45 cm
1 m = 10.76 sq. ft.

1 USG = 3.785 l ( dm )
1 cm = 0.155 sq.in.

1 cu.in. = 16.39 cm
1 m = 35.31 cu. ft.
1 dm = 0.264 USA gallon
1 cm = 0.061 cu.in.

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ENGINE INSPECTION AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Given an objective exercise, the student will identify;


...the borescope inspection areas of a CFM56-5B engine (4.A.a)
...selected components of the CFM56-5B Fan and Booster (4.A.a)
...selected components of the CFM56-5B High Pressure Compressor (4.A.a)
...definitions of selected areas within the High Pressure Compressor of the CFM56-5B engine (4.A.a)
...selected components of the CFM56-5B Combustor (4.A.a)
...definitions of selected areas within the Combustor of the CFM56-5B engine (4.A.a)
...definitions of selected areas within the HPT Nozzle Guide Vanes of the CFM56-5B engine (4.A.a)
...selected components of the CFM56-5B HPT Rotor Blades And Shrouds (4.A.a)
...selected components of the CFM56-5B LPT Rotor Blades And Nozzles (4.A.a)
...definitions of selected areas within the LPT Rotor Blades And Nozzles of the CFM56-5B engine (4.A.a)

Given an objective exercise, the student will select the purpose of;
...the borescope inspection areas of a CFM56-5B engine (4.B.a)
...selected inspection areas of the CFM56-5B Fan and Booster (4.B.a)
...selected inspection areas of the CFM56-5B High Pressure Compressor (4.B.a)
...selected inspection areas of the CFM56-5B Combustor (4.B.a)
...selected inspection areas of the CFM56-5B HPT Rotor Blades And Shrouds (4.B.a)
...selected inspection areas of the CFM56-5B LPT Rotor Blades And Nozzles (4.B.a)

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BORESCOPE INSPECTION AREAS

Identification.

The following are the inspection areas borescoped by the


technician on the CFM56-5 engine :
- Fan and booster - the fan blades, outlet guide vanes,
booster blades and the booster vanes.
- High pressure compressor - high pressure
compressor (HPC) rotor blades and stator vanes.
- Combustor
a. Single annular combustor (SAC)
b. Dual annular combustor (DAC) optional
- Fuel nozzles (20)
- High pressure turbine (HPT) - rotor and HPT nozzle
guide vanes.
- Low pressure turbine (LPT) - rotors and nozzle guide
vanes.

Purpose.

The purpose of the CFM56-5B borescope inspection of


selected areas is to evaluate the condition of the
individual components and, if necessary, monitor them
under a cycle limitation, repair them or remove the engine
before a failure of the component occurs.

The high bypass, dual rotor, axial flow turbofan engine


uses a low pressure and a high pressure rotor, which turn
independently.

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FAN AND BOOSTER HIGH LOW
PRESSURE PRESSURE

HIGH PRESSURE
COMBUSTOR
COMPRESSOR TURBINE

TURBINE
ACTUATOR BALLSCREW

CTC-071-001-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION AREAS

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FAN AND BOOSTER

Identification. Purpose.

The following are the components of the fan and booster The purpose of the CFM56-5B borescope inspection
which are inspected by a BSI technical expert. areas is to evaluate the condition of the fan and booster
components and if necessary place the components
Number of blades per stage under a cycle limitation or remove the engine before a
- Stage 1 fan blades 36 blades failure of the component occurs.
- Stage 1 booster vanes (limited visibility)
The fan has 36 titanium alloy fan with mid-span shroud
- Stage 2 booster blades 64 blades and a spacer underneath each of the blades. The booster
- Stage 2 booster vanes (limited visibility) stage 1 consists of the fan blades and the stage 1 booster
stator located just aft of the fan blades. The booster
- Stage 3 booster blades 70 blades blades are installed in circumferential slots. Two blade
- Stage 3 booster vanes (limited visibility) locking lugs per stage maintain the blades in position.
The blade locking lugs are staggered in position from
- Stage 4 booster blades 70 blades one stage to another and are inspected by the technician.
- Stage 4 booster vanes (limited visibility) The black abradable material on the fan case prevents
direct contact of the fan blade tips and the case. The
- Stage 5 booster blades 68 blades abradable material on the booster vane assembly which
- Stage 5 booster vanes (limited visibility) faces the booster blade tips is grey color. These
abradable materials are also inspected by a borescope.
- Outlet guide vanes (OGVS)
The outlet guide vanes are in the secondary airflow path.

The fan and booster components compress the air that is


given to the high pressure compressor, pressurize the
sumps and provide internal cooling.

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ABRADABLE
MATERIAL
STATOR STATOR STATOR STATOR STATOR
VANES VANES VANES VANES VANES
STG 1 STG 2 STG 3 STG 4 STG 5

ACTUATOR BALLSCREW

FAN
BLADES
PLATFORMS

ABRADABLE
MATERIAL

ROTOR ROTOR ROTOR ROTOR


STG 2 STG 2 STG 2 STG 2

BLADE
LOCKING
LUGS

FWD

CTC-071-002-00
FAN AND BOOSTER

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HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR (HPC)

Identification. Purpose.

The following are components of the high pressure The purpose of the HPC IGVs, VSVs and rotor blade
compressor that are inspected. inspection of the CFM56-5B, is to evaluate the condition
of each of the HPC components and if necessary place
Number of blades per stage the components under a cycle limitation, repair them if
- Inlet guide vanes possible, or remove the engine before a failure of the
- Stage 1 rotor blades: 38 blades component occurs.
- Stage 1 variable stator vanes(limited visibility)
- Stage 2 rotor blades: 53 blades The Inlet Guide Vanes (IGV) are at the inlet of the HPC.
- Stage 2 variable stator vanes(limited visibility)
- Stage 3 rotor blades: 60 blades The IGV and stages 1, 2, and 3 vanes are variable and
- Stage 3 variable stator vanes(limited visibility) are called Variable Stator Vanes (VSV).
- Stage 4 rotor blades: 68 blades
- Stage 4 stator vanes (limited visibility) The HPC rotor blades stages 1, 2, and 3 are maintained
- Stage 5 rotor blades: 75 blades in axial slots by retaining rings. The HPC rotor blades are
- Stage 5 stator vanes (limited visibility) installed in circumferential slots and maintained by blade
- Stage 6 rotor blades: 82 blades locking lugs in stages 4 to 9 and the stator vanes are
- Stage 6 stator vanes (limited visibility) stationary type.
- Stage 7 rotor blades: 82 blades
- Stage 7 stator vanes (limited visibility)
- Stage 8 rotor blades: 80 blades
- Stage 8 stator vanes (limited visibility)
- Stage 9 rotor blades: 76 blades
- Locking lugs 2 locking lugs per
stage

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CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION AREAS AND COMPONENTS
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG

INLET VSV VSV VSV HPC HPC HPC HPC HPC


GUIDE STG 1 STG 2 STG 3 STATOR STATOR STATOR STATOR STATOR
VANES (VARIABLE) (VARIABLE) (VARIABLE) STG 4 STG 5 STG 6 STG 7 STG 8
(VARIABLE)

HPC HPC HPC HPC HPC HPC HPC HPC HPC


ROTOR ROTOR ROTOR ROTOR ROTOR ROTOR ROTOR ROTOR ROTOR
STG 1 STG 2 STG 3 STG 4 STG 5 STG 6 STG 7 STG 8 STG 9

AXIAL SLOTS CIRCUMFERENTIAL SLOTS

CTC-071-003-00
HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR (HPC)

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HPC INSPECTION AREAS

Identification.

The following selected areas of the HPC are inspected by


a BSI technician :
- The outer third of the rotor blade tip area and the anti-
abrasion hard coating on the concave side.
- Squealer tips.
- HPC stage 1 blades feature a blade stiffener near the
tip of the blade.
- The HPC rotor stages 4 to 9 feature two blade locks
per stage to maintain the blades in the
circumferential slots.

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HARD COATING
(CONCAVE SIDE
ALL BLADES
ALL STAGES)

,,,,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,,,,
BLADE ,,,,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,,
STIFFENER ,,,,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,, ,,,,,,
,,,,,,
,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,, ,,,,,,
,,,,,,, ,,,,,, ,,,,, ,,,,,
,,,,,, ,,,,,
,,,,, ,,,,, ,,,,, ,,,,
,,,,,
,,,,, ,,,,,
,,,,,
,,,,
,,,,
,,,,

BLADE
LOCKING
NOTE: LUGS
ALL BLADES ARE OF SQUEALER TIP TYPE.

FWD

CTC-071-004-00
HPC INSPECTION AREAS

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CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
COMBUSTION CHAMBER

Identification. Purpose.

The following are the components in the combustion The purpose of the combustor borescope inspection
chamber area that are borescoped : areas is to evaluate the condition of the combustor for
- Combustion chamber either. defects and if necessary put the combustor under a cycle
a. Single annular combustor (SAC), or the limitation or remove the engine before a failure of the
b. Double annular combustor (DAC) optional. combustor occurs.
- High pressure turbine nozzles
- Fuel nozzles

The CFM56-5B has a single annular combustor with 20


fuel nozzles and 2 igniter plugs which allow access for
additional inspections.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
Page 10
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION AREAS AND COMPONENTS
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG

FUEL NOZZLES HPT NOZZLE

COMBUSTION
CHAMBER

CTC-071-005-00
COMBUSTION CHAMBER

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
Page 11
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION AREAS AND COMPONENTS
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION
AREAS

Identification.

The following are the inspection areas of the SAC


combustion chamber :
- The inner and outer liners - are designed with panel
overhangs which contain closely spaced holes for
film cooling.
- The dilution holes in the liners - that provide
additional air for combustion. Four of them are used
as borescope ports.
- Thermal barrier coating (TBC) - on both outer and
inner liners.
- Inner and outer cowls

The outer liner accommodates 2 ferrules for the igniters


which are used as borescope ports.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
Page 12
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION AREAS AND COMPONENTS
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
OUTER LINER
COOLING HOLES

PANEL
OVERHANG

INNER
COWL INNER
LINER

DILUTION
HOLES
OUTER COWL

PANELS
IGNITER FERRULE

CTC-071-006-00
COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION AREAS

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
Page 13
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION AREAS AND COMPONENTS
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION
AREAS

Identification.

The following are the combustion chamber inspection


areas:
- Fuel nozzle tips
- Fuel nozzle stems outside the combustor dome
- Sleeves with 2 concentric swirlers.
- Deflectors.
- Inner cowl.
- Outer cowl.
- Spectacle plate or the dome plate.
- Dome area includes all of the above components.

A thermal barrier coating (TBC) is applied on the


deflectors, the spectacle plate and the other areas of the
hot section of the engine. The TBC is inspected and is a
light brown or white color.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
Page 14
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION AREAS AND COMPONENTS
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
TBC SPECTACLE
OR DOME
PLATE

VIEW A
A

SECONDARY
SWIRL NOZZLE
DETAIL B SLEEVE

DEFLECTOR VIEW A
FUEL NOZZLE
SECONDARY
TIP
SWIRL NOZZLE IGNITER
FERRULE

SPECTACLE
OUTER TBC
PLATE
COWL
SLEEVE

DEFLECTOR
PRIMARY SWIRL
NOZZLE

INNER DETAIL B
COWL
CTC-071-007-00
COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION AREAS

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
Page 15
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION AREAS AND COMPONENTS
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION
AREAS

Identification.

The following are the inspection areas for the combustion


chamber liners.

The outer liner has 5 panels:


- Panel 1 features 2 igniter holes (with ferrule), and 38
medium and large dilution holes. Four of the large
holes are used as borescope ports.
- Panel 3 features 60 medium dilution holes.
- Dome band.

The inner liner has 4 panels:


- Panel 1 features 40 medium and large dilution holes.
- Panel 3 features 60 medium dilution holes.
- Dome band.

Numerous film cooling holes are under the overhang


between each panel with thermal barrier coating (TBC)
on all liner panels.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
Page 16
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION AREAS AND COMPONENTS
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG

OUTER LINER
PANEL 5
PANEL 4
PANEL 3
PANEL 2 PANEL 4
PANEL 1
PANEL 3

DOME
BAND PANEL 2

INNER LINER
DOME PANEL 1
BAND
2 IGNITERS
INNER LINER 60 HOLES
AND 18 HOLES

20 HOLES
OUTER LINER

60 HOLES

TBC ON ALL SURFACES

20 HOLES

20 HOLES
DOME PANEL 1 PANEL 3
DOME PANEL 1 PANEL 3 PANEL 5 BAND
PANEL 2 PANEL 4
BAND
PANEL 2 PANEL 4

CTC-071-008-00 COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION AREAS


EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
Page 17
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION AREAS AND COMPONENTS
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
HPT NOZZLE GUIDE VANE INSPECTION AREAS

Identification.

The following are the inspection areas for the HPT


Nozzle Guide Vanes :
- Leading edge
- Trailing edge
- TBC
- Nose holes
- Gill holes
- Trailing edge slots
- Concave surfaces of vanes
- Convex surfaces of vanes or the aft side of the vane.

The HPT nozzle assembly consists of 21 nozzle


segments of 2 vanes each.

Each vane has numerous cooling holes, gill holes,


leading edge holes and trailing edge slots for cooling. A
thermal barrier coating (TBC) protects the HPT nozzle
and is inspected.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
Page 18
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION AREAS AND COMPONENTS
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
TBC
(ALL SURFACES IN THE AIRFLOW)

CONCAVE
SIDE

COOLING
SLOTS

OUTER
PLATFORM VANE TRAILING
EDGE
VANE LEADING
EDGE

NOSE
HOLES

GILL
HOLES

INNER
PLATFORM

CTC-071-009-00
HPT NOZZLE GUIDE VANE INSPECTION AREAS

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
Page 19
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION AREAS AND COMPONENTS
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
HIGH PRESSURE TURBINE ROTOR BLADES AND
SHROUDS

Identification. Purpose.

The main rotating component of the CFM56-5B is the high The purpose of the HPT rotor blades and shroud
pressure turbine rotor blades. borescope inspection areas is to evaluate their condition
for defects and if necessary, put the them under a cycle
- HPT rotor 80 blades limitation or remove the engine before a failure of the rotor
or shroud occurs.
The following are inspection areas of the HPT rotor
blades: The HPT rotor extracts energy from the combustion
- Leading edge chamber to turn the high pressure compressor and the
- Trailing edge exiting gases to turn the LPT rotors.
- TBC
- Nose holes The HPT blade features 8 rows of holes and trailing edge
- Gill holes slots for cooling.
- Trailing edge slots
- Concave surfaces To help you to estimate the HPT blade wear, four of the
- Convex surface blades have 3 tip wear notches .010, .020, .030 of an
- Wear notches inch. The 4 blades are located at 90 from each other
- Platforms around the rotor.
- HPT shroud

The HPT shrouds segments face the blade tips and are
air cooled using CDP air. These shroud segments are
inspected during the leading edge of the HPT rotor and
nozzle guide vane trailing edge inspection.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
Page 20
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION AREAS AND COMPONENTS
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
VIEW A WEAR NOTCHES

.030
.020
.010

TBC

ROW 1

ROW 2

ROW 3
CONVEX SIDE
ROW 4

LEADING
HPT SHROUD SEGMENT EDGE AREA
ROW 5
ROW 6
ROW 7
NOTES:
1. ROW 1, 6-8 (GILL COOLING HOLES)
2. ROW 2-5 (NOSE COOLING HOLES) CONCAVE SIDE

ROW 8
VIEW A
TRAILING
EDGE AREA
CTC-071-010-00
HPT ROTOR BLADES AND SHROUDS
EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
Page 21
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION AREAS AND COMPONENTS
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
LPT ROTOR BLADES AND NOZZLES applied on the shrouded tip contact faces to prevent wear
and is an important inspection area.

Identification. Purpose.

The following are components of the low pressure The purpose of the LPT rotor blade and nozzle borescope
turbine that are to be inspected by the borescope. inspection areas is to evaluate their condition for defects
and if necessary, put the them under a cycle limitation or
Number of blades per stage remove the engine before a failure of the LPT component
- Stage 1 LPT rotor blades 162 blades occurs.
- Stage 1 LPT nozzle (limited visibility)
- Stage 2 LPT rotor blades 150 blades
- Stage 2 LPT nozzle (limited visibility)
- Stage 3 LPT rotor blades 150 blades
- Stage 3 LPT nozzle (limited visibility)
- Stage 4 LPT rotor blades 134 blades
- Stage 4 LPT nozzle (limited visibility)
- Honeycomb material which faces the blade tips and
acts as an abradable material.

The LPT extracts energy from the exiting gases to turn the
fan module that produces 80% of the thrust.

The LPT nozzle stage 1 is housed within the combustion


case and belongs to the core engine. It consists of
sectors of 4 vanes each. It has trailing edge slots for
cooling purposes. There is an anti corrosion anodization
coating on the LPT rotor stage 1 and stage 2. The color is
different from the color of the other stages. Each blade tip
shroud has 2 seal teeth for air sealing. A hard coating is

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
Page 22
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION AREAS AND COMPONENTS
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
LPT ROTOR LPT ROTOR LPT ROTOR LPT ROTOR
STG1 STG2 STG3 STG4 TURBINE
REAR FRAME

LPT NOZZLE
STG1

LPT NOZZLE
STG2
LPT NOZZLE
STG3
LPT NOZZLE
STG4 HONEYCOMB ABRADABLE
MATERIAL (4 STAGES)

CTC-071-011-00
LPT ROTOR BLADES AND NOZZLES

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
Page 23
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION AREAS AND COMPONENTS
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
LPT ROTOR BLADES AND NOZZLES INSPECTION
AREAS

Identification.

The following are inspection areas of the LPT rotor blades


and nozzles:
- Rotor blade leading edge
- Rotor blade trailing edge
- Concave surfaces of rotor blade
- Convex surfaces of rotor blade
- Hard face surface of the rotor blade tip shroud
- Trailing edge of nozzle slots stage 1
- Leading edge of some of the LPT nozzles
- Trailing edge of some of the LPT nozzles
- Concave surfaces of some of the LPT nozzles
- Convex surfaces of some of the LPT nozzles.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
Page 24
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION AREAS AND COMPONENTS
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG

HARD
LPT FACING
SEAL
TOOTH
HARD FACED
CONTACT
SURFACE

BLADE
COATING TIP
(ANODIZATION) SHROUD

LPT
BLADE
(TYPICAL)

LEADING
EDGE
TRAILING
EDGE

LPT ROTOR BLADE

LPT NOZZLE STAGE 1

CTC-071-012-00
LPT ROTOR BLADES AND NOZZLES INSPECTION AREAS

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
Page 25
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION AREAS AND COMPONENTS
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
Page 26
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION AREAS AND COMPONENTS
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
BORESCOPE PORTS

Given an objective exercise, the student will identify;


...the borescope ports of a CFM56-5B engine (1.A.a)
...the Low Pressure Compressor borescope port (4.A.a)
...the High Pressure Compressor borescope ports (4.A.a)
...the HPC Special BSI tools. ( 4.A.a )
...the Combustion Chamber borescope ports (4.A.a)
...the HPT Section/LPT Stage 1 Nozzle borescope ports (4.A.a)
...the Low Pressure Turbine borescope ports (4.A.a)
...the factors of Borescope Access Limitations (4.A.a)

Given an objective exercise, the student will select the purpose of;
...the borescope ports of a CFM56-5B engine (1.B.a)
...the Low Pressure Compressor borescope port (4.B.a)
...the High Pressure Compressor borescope ports (4.B.a)
...the Combustion Chamber borescope ports (4.B.a)
...the HPT Section/LPT Stage 1 Nozzle borescope ports (4.B.a)
...the Low Pressure Turbine borescope ports (4.B.a)
...the Borescope Access Limitations (4.B.a)

Given an objective exercise, the student will select the functional description of;
...the Borescope Access Limitations (4.D.a)

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 1
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
BORESCOPE PORTS (LH SIDE)

Purpose.

There are 22 borescope inspection ports located around


and along the engine. Other areas may be used for
special inspections. Fuel nozzles may be removed to
see the outer and inner cowls of the combustor.

The purpose of these BSI ports is to inspect the


following:
- 2 port to inspect the booster or LPC
- 9 ports for the HPC
- 4 ports for the combustor
- 2 igniter ports
- 2 ports for the HPT
- 3 ports for the LPT

They allow inspection of the rotating parts without engine


disassembly.

Identification.

These are the borescope inspection ports on the left side


of the engine :
- S11
- S15
- S17

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 2
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
10 O'CLOCK
BORESCOPE
PORT (S15)

S17

LEFT
IGNITER PLUG
PORT (S11)

CTC-071-013-00
BORESCOPE PORTS (LH SIDE)

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 3
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
BORESCOPE PORTS (RH SIDE)

Identification.

These are the borescope inspection ports on the right


side of the engine.

- S03 (no plug installed here)


- S05 (no plug installed here)
- S1
- S2
- S3
- S4
- S5
- S6
- S7
- S8
- S9
- S10
- S12
- S13
- S14
- S16
- S18
- S19
- S20

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 4
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
1 O'CLOCK
3 O'CLOCK BORESCOPE
BORESCOPE PORT (S12)
PORT (S13)

RIGHT SPARK
IGNITER PORT
(S10)

S18 THROUGH S20

S16

6 O'CLOCK BORESCOPE S1 THROUGH S9 S0 BORESCOPE PORT


PORT (S14) (AT 3:30 O'CLOCK, INNER WALL
OF FAN BYPASS DUCT,
BETWEEN 2 OGV'S.)

CTC-071-014-00
BORESCOPE PORTS (RH SIDE)

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 5
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
LOW PRESSURE COMPRESSOR BORESCOPE PORT

Identification.

S03 is located aft of the fan blades in the secondary air


area at approximately the 3 oclock position, in between
the platforms of an OGV (Outlet Guide Vane). S03 is an
open port.

S05 is located just in front of the VBV area, near the 4


oclock position. S05 is an open port.

Purpose.

The BSI port S03 and s05 are used for the inspection of
the Low Pressure Compressor section of the engine.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 6
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G

SECTION B-B
B
S05 S05

CTC-071-015-00
LOW PRESSURE COMPRESSOR BORESCOPE PORT

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 7
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR BORESCOPE
PORTS

Identification. Purpose.

These are the 9 ports for inspection of the High Pressure The HPC ports S1 thru S9 are used to view stages 1 thru
Compressor section of the engine. They are numbered 9 of the HPC rotor blades :
from S1 to S9 on the HPC. - S1 Stage 1 rotor blade leading edges
- S2 Stage 1 rotor blade trailing edges
The HPC borescope ports are located at approximately Stage 2 rotor blade leading edges
the 5 Oclock position, on the compressor case. - S3 Stage 2 rotor blade trailing edges
Stage 3 rotor blade leading edges
CAUTION : DO NOT MIX PLUGS BETWEEN PORTS. - S4 Stage 3 rotor blades trailing edges
DAMAGE TO THE ENGINE MAY OCCUR. Stage 4 rotor blades leading edges
- S5 Stage 4 rotor blades trailing edges
Borescope ports S1 to S6 accommodate a simple plug Stage 5 rotor blades leading edges
with a hexagonal head. - S6 Stage 5 rotor blades trailing edges
Stage 6 rotor blades leading edges
Borescope ports S7 to S9 feature a cap and a plug linked - S7 Stage 6 rotor blades trailing edges
by a spring-loaded shaft. Stage 7 rotor blades leading edges
- S8 Stage 7 rotor blades trailing edges
Refer to the Aircraft Maintenance Manual section 72-00- Stage 8 rotor blades leading edges
00 for more information on the removal/install procedure - S9 Stage 8 rotor blades trailing edges
of the borescope plugs S7 to S9. Stage 9 rotor blades leading edges

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 8
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
FWD TOP VERTICAL

BORESCOPE S1 TO S9
CAP
RETAINING
RING AFT LOOKING FORWARD

SHAFT

BORESCOPE
PLUG

S7, S8, S9 BORESCOPE S6 S5 S4 S3S2 S1 S1 TO S6


PLUG ASSEMBLY BORESCOPE PLUGS
S9 S8S7
S1
S9 S8
S7 S2
S3
S6 S5 S4

FWD

FWD
CTC-071-016-00
HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR BORESCOPE PORTS

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 9
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
HPC SPECIAL BSI TOOLS

Identification.

Deep-well socket.
In case of shaft breakage of borescope plugs S7, S8 or
S9, use a deep-well socket to remove the inner plug,
using the six-flats at the very end of the shaft.

Alignment rod.
The HPC stator vanes may move slightly, causing a shift
of the borescope port and the corresponding hole in the
stator. If it is impossible to introduce the probe into the
port, use an alignment rod to realign the stator vane
segment.

Refer to the AMM 72-00-00 for more information on this


locally manufactured tool.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 10
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G

3/8 INCH
DRIVE
SOCKET

WELD

REMOVE INSIDE
MATERIAL
TO PERMIT 7/16 INCH
12 POINT BOLT HEAD TO
PASS

WELD

7/16 INCH 12 POINT


SOCKET UNDER CUT TO
FIT STEEL TUBE MODIFIED DEEP-
WELL SOCKET
ALUMINUM

ALIGNMENT ROD

CTC-071-017-00
HPC SPECIAL BSI TOOLS

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 11
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
COMBUSTION CHAMBER BORESCOPE PORTS

Identification.

The combustor borescope ports are located around the


combustor case. Ports S10 and S11 are the igniter ports
while the borescope ports S12 to S15 accommodate a
simple plug with an hexagonal head.

Purpose.

The purpose of the 6 borescope ports is for the


inspection of the combustor section of the engine. They
are numbered on the diagram from S10 to S15.

CAUTION : DO NOT MIX THESE PLUGS WITH THE


S16 AND S17 PLUGS. IF YOU INSTALL THEM IN THE
WRONG PLACE ENGINE DAMAGE MAY OCCUR.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 12
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
S12 FWD
S12, S13,S14,S15
BORESCOPE PLUG

S13
BORESCOPE PORT
LOCATIONS

S12
S10
S15
S13

S11 S10
S14 IGNITER
S14

FWD AFT LOOKING


S12,
FORWARD
S13,S14,S15

S15

S11 IGNITER

IGNITER (S10, S11)

CTC-071-018-00
COMBUSTION CHAMBER BORESCOPE PORTS
EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 13
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
HPT SECTION / LPT STAGE 1 NOZZLE BORESCOPE
PORTS

Identification. Purpose.

The HPT Section / LPT Stage 1 Nozzle borescope ports The purpose of this inspection, through the ports S10
are located around the combustor case. Ports S10 and and S11, and S16 and S17, is to allow veiwing of the
S11 are the igniter ports while the borescope ports S16 HPT section of the engine.
and S17 accommodate a spring loaded type plug with a
hexagonal head. There is no port to inspect the HPT blades with a rigid
probe. Use a flexible borescope with a guide tube going
Either Port S10 and S11 are the igniter plug BSI ports. through the combustion chamber and the HPT nozzles to
Refer to the AMM to remove the igniter plugs. inspect the HPT blade leading edges.

Borescope ports S16 and S17 have a cap with an


hexagonal head, and a spring loaded plug.

CAUTION : DO NOT MIX THESE PLUGS WITH THE


S12 TO S15 PLUGS. THEY LOOKS SIMILAR, BUT IF
YOU TRY TO INSTALL THEM, ENGINE DAMAGE MAY
OCCUR.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 14
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
BORESCOPE PORT
LOCATIONS

S16,S17
BORESCOPE
PLUGS

S10 S11 S10


IGNITER IGNITER
S17 S16
S16
AFT LOOKING FORWARD

FWD

FWD

S17

S11

FWD
S16,S17

CTC-071-019-00
HPT SECTION / LPT STAGE 1 NOZZLE BORESCOPE PORTS

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 15
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
LOW PRESSURE TURBINE BORESCOPE PORTS

Identification.

The LPT Stage 1 Nozzle borescope ports are located


around the combustor case. The borescope ports S16
and S17 accommodate a spring loaded type plug with a
hexagonal head. The borescope ports S18, S19, and
S20 accommodate a short spring loaded type plug with a
hexagonal head.

Borescope S16 and S17 have a cap with a hexagonal


head, and a long spring loaded plug. Borescope ports
S18, S19 and S20 have a cap with a hexagonal head
and a short spring loaded plug.

CAUTION: DO NOT MIX SHORT AND LONG PLUGS


BETWEEN PORTS. DAMAGE TO THE ENGINE MAY
OCCUR.

The LPT borescope ports are located at approximately


the 5 Oclock and the 8 Oclock positions, on the
combustion case and on the LPT case.

Purpose.

The purpose of the 5 borescope ports, S16 to S20, is for


the inspection of the Low Pressure Turbine section of the
engine are.

EFFECTIVITY
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72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 16
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
BORESCOPE PORT
LOCATIONS
S16,S17 S18, S19, S20
BORESCOPE BORESCOPE
PLUGS PLUGS

S17
S16, S18, S19, S20

AFT LOOKING
FORWARD

FWD

S16
S17
S18

S19

S20
S20 S19 S18 S16
CTC-071-020-00
LOW PRESSURE TURBINE BORESCOPE PORTS

EFFECTIVITY
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72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 17
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
BORESCOPE ACCESS LIMITATIONS

Identification.

There are two limitations factors that have to be


considered when preparing for borescope inspection on
the CFM56-5B engine. These considerations are :
- the size of the borescope probe to be inserted into
the engine
- the temperatures of the engine parts at each BSI
inspection port.

Purpose.

The purpose of having probe size and temperature


limitations is to prevent damage to the borescope
equipment. Without borescope size limitations a
borescope probe could be lodged, or seized in a
borescope port during installation or removal. The use of
temperature limitations prevents melting or heat
distortion of a borescope probe, should a probe be
inserted into a hot engine. Without these limitations there
can be a subsequent deformation of borescope probes,
excessive replacement/repair costs of borescope
equipment, and even Foreign Object Damage (FOD) to
the engine itself.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 18
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
ENGINE BORESCOPE BORESCOPE WRENCH INSPECTED WITHOUT MOTORING
SECTION PORT No PORT SIZE(MM) SIZE COMPONENTS TIME TO REACH
100F (38C) 200F (93C)

BOOSTER S03 N/A N/A STAGE 3 T/E -- --


STAGE 4 L/E -- --
S05 N/A N/A STAGE 5 T/E -- --

HPC CASE S1 10 MM 1/2 HEX STAGE 1 L/E 30 mn --


S2 8 MM 1/2 HEX STAGE 1 T/E
STAGE 2 L/E 30 mn --
S3 10 MM 1/2 HEX STAGE 2 T/E
STAGE 3 L/E 30 mn 20 mn
S4 8 MM 1/2 HEX STAGE 3 T/E
STAGE 4 L/E 60 mn 30 mn
S5 10 MM 1/2 HEX STAGE 4 T/E
STAGE 5 L/E 60 mn 30 mn
S6 10 MM 1/2 HEX STAGE 5 T/E
STAGE 6 L/E 1.5 hrs 1 hr
S7 8 MM 1 1/16 HEX STAGE 6 T/E
STAGE 7 L/E 2.0 hrs 1.5 hrs
S8 8 MM 1 1/16 HEX STAGE 7 T/E
STAGE 8 L/E 2.5 hrs 1.5 hrs
S9 8 MM 1 1/16 HEX STAGE 8 T/E
STAGE 9 L/E 2.5 hrs 1.5 hrs

(Continued on page 21)

HOT AND NORMAL ENGINE BORESCOPE INSPECTION AND PORTS


EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 19
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
BORESCOPE ACCESS LIMITATIONS

Functional Description. CAUTION: REFER TO AIRPLANE OPERATION


MANUAL FOR STARTER DUTY CYCLE LIMITATION
The hot and normal engine inspection limits using the PRIOR TO MOTORING THE ENGINE.
engine borescope ports are:
Probe 1 diameter limitation. Consult the table for port
diameters where probe 1 can be used.
Borescope equipment temperature limitations. It is
not recommended that borescope inspection be
accomplished at temperatures above 130F
(54C). High temperatures may cause damage to
the fiber optic type of borescope equipment. The
table on the next page provides information about
time limitations, prior to an inspection on a hot
engine.

To speedup the engine cool down time after shutdown,


you may use the engine starter to motor the engine,
(Refer to the AMM). This reduces the hot section area
temperature sufficiently to allow inspection. But as the
temperature will rise due to engine temperature soak-
back, it is further recommended that engine hot section
inspection be accomplished within 20 minutes, or before
the internal engine temperature reaches 130F (54C).

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 20
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
(Continued from page 19)

ENGINE BORESCOPE BORESCOPE WRENCH INSPECTED WITHOUT MOTORING


SECTION PORT No PORT SIZE(MM) SIZE COMPONENTS TIME TO REACH
100F (38C) 200F (93C)

COMBUSTION S10 10 MM 1 1/4 HEX {-COMBUSTOR 3.5 hrs 2.0 hrs


CASE {-HPT NOZZLE 4.5 hrs 3.0 hrs
S11 10 MM 1 1/4 HEX { L/E AND T/E
{-HPT BLADE L/E 4.5 hrs 3.0 hrs
{-HPT SHROUD 4.5 hrs 3.0 hrs
S12 10 MM 7/8 HEX {-COMBUSTOR 3.5 hrs 2.0 hrs
S13 10 MM 7/8 HEX {-HPT NOZZLE 4.5 hrs 3.0 hrs
S14 10 MM 7/8 HEX { L/E
S15 10 MM 7/8 HEX {-COMBUSTOR

S16 8 MM 7/8 HEX {-HPT BLADES T/E 4.5 hrs 3.0 hrs
{-STAGE 1 LPT 4.5 hrs 3.0 hrs
S17 8 MM 7/8 HEX { BLADES L/E

LPT CASE S18 10 MM 9/16 HEX STAGE 1 T/E 4.5 hrs 3.0 hrs
STAGE 2 L/E 4.5 hrs 3.0 hrs
S19 10 MM 9/16 HEX STAGE 2 T/E
STAGE 3 L/E 4.5 hrs 2.0 hrs
S20 10 MM 9/16 HEX STAGE 3 T/E
STAGE 4 L/E 4.5 hrs 2.0 hrs

HOT AND NORMAL ENGINE BORESCOPE INSPECTION AND PORTS


EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 21
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS
Page 22
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G

BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT

Given an objective exercise, the student will identify:


.. the Rigid Borescope Set used on the CFM56-5B engine (4.A.a)
.. the Flexible Borescope Set used on the CFM56-5B engine (4.A.a)
.. the Core Engine Pneumatic Rotational Tool used on the CFM56-5B engine (4.A.a)
.. the Core Engine Electronic Rotational Tool used on the CFM56-5B engine (4.A.a)

Given an objective exercise, the student will select the purpose of:
.. the Rigid Borescope Set used on the CFM56-5B engine (4.B.a)
.. the Flexible Borescope Set used on the CFM56-5B engine (4.B.a)
.. the Core Engine Pneumatic Rotational Tool used on the CFM56-5B engine (4.B.a)
.. the Core Engine Electronic Rotational Tool used on the CFM56-5B engine (4.B.a)

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT
Page 1
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
RIGID BORESCOPE SET

Identification. Purpose.

This is the CFM56-5B engine standard rigid borescope Each probe is used for a specific purpose, to look inside
equipment tool set used for borescope inspection : the engine to inspect engine hardware areas :
- the rigid borescope set with a light source - Probe 1 (black) : Magnification, close inspection,
detailed evaluation and confirmation of defects
The CFMI tool 856A1320P04 rigid borescope set (cannot be used in every hole due to its diameter).
and the light source 856A1322P02 are designed to meet - Probe 2 (yellow) : General inspection.
the CFMI specification M50TF1855. Optional equipment - Probe 3 (green) : Fore-oblique angle probe, platform
is available for cameras, computers, VCRS, and special inspection.
tools that attach to the borescope equipment. - Probe 4 ( blue ): Retro angle probe, blade tip
inspection.
Other borescope systems may be acceptable if they
meet the CFMI specification mentioned above.

Refer to the Non Destructive Test Manual and to the


CFMI specifications M50TF1855 for more information on
the required characteristics.

Note: The table on the page below describes the general


features of the 4 rigid borescope probes.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT
Page 2
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G

CTC-071-023-00
RIGID BORESCOPE SET

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT
Page 3
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
FLEXIBLE BORESCOPE SET

Identification. Purpose.

This is the CFM56-5B engine standard flexible The flexible probe is used for a specific purpose, the
borescope equipment tool used for borescope inspection inspection of the engine hot section or special
: inspections.
- flexible borescope kit with a light source and guide
tubes. Refer to the Non Destructive Test Manual for more
information.
The CFMI tool 856A1321 flexible borescope set and the
borescope guide tube 856A1310 are designed to be
used on the CFM56 engines and are designed to meet
the CFMI specification M50TF1855. Equivalent
borescope equipment can be used for borescope
inspection. Optional equipment is available for cameras,
computers, VCRS, and special tools that attach to the
borescope equipment. Other borescope systems may be
acceptable if they meet the CFMI specification mentioned
above.

Refer to the Non Destructive Test Manual and to the


CFMI specifications M50TF1855 for more information on
the required characteristics.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT
Page 4
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
CONTROL

TELEVISION ADAPTER

CAMERA ADAPTER
FLEXIBLE LIGHT AND
OPTICAL VIEWING CABLE

CONNECTOR

DISTAL LIGHT
FLEXIBLE LIGHT SOURCE CABLE
AND VIEWING LENS

STRAIGHTENING ROD

GUIDE TUBE

CTC-071-024-00
FLEXIBLE BORESCOPE SET

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT
Page 5
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
CORE ENGINE PNEUMATIC ROTATION TOOL

Identification.

This is the CFM56-5B engine core pneumatic rotational


tool used for borescope inspection.

Purpose.

Several methods are used to rotate the core and the


purpose is to inspect all the rotor blades :
- Manual method. Insert a inch drive ratchet in the
handcranking pad. If you turn the drive CW, the
rotor turns CW ALF. To turn the N2 rotor, you can
turn it through the handcranking pad. Refer to the
AMM (72-63-01) to remove the handcranking pad
cover.
- Air driven motor. Install the pneumatic motor
assembly on the pad. The direction of rotation and
speed of the core engine rotor can be selected
through the hand or foot control device. Refer to
the NDT manual for more information on the
pneumatic motor assembly.

TIP:
The air supply source must be free of unwanted water or
other particles. So it is highly recommended to install a
filter upstream the pneumatic air drive. A device to add
lubricant in the air supply is also recommended.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT
Page 6
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
CAPTIVE
BOLT PROTRACTOR

CLAMP

A
CORE
ROTATION
DRIVE MOTOR

VIEW A

STARTER PAD

ACCESSORY
SHOP AIR SUPPLY
GEARBOX
CONNECTOR
HAND OPERATED CONTROL
(FOOT CONTROL OPTIONAL)

CTC-071-025-00
CORE ENGINE PNEUMATIC ROTATION TOOL

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT
Page 7
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
CORE ENGINE ELECTRONIC ROTATIONAL TOOL

Identification.

This is the CFM56-5B engine core electronic rotational


tool used for borescope inspection.

Purpose.

Several methods are used to rotate the core and the


purpose is to inspect all the rotor blades :
- Manual method
- Electronic Turning Tool. Install the ETT motor
assembly on the pad. The direction of rotation and
speed of the core engine rotor can be selected on
the control box.

The ETT can control rotation and help to avoid overshoot


during inspection of the rotor blades. It also has an
automatic feature to count blades and you can flag
damage if found for a quick future reference. The
information can also be stored for the next inspection :
- Electronic Turnover Tool (ETT). Sweeney
P/N18946.

Install the electronic rotational tool by inserting the 3/4


inch square drive of the ETT adapter into the
core drive pad.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT
Page 8
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G
ETT ADAPTER
(DEPENDS ON
ENGINE TYPE) ETT DRIVE
MOTOR

ETT POWER
UNIT
PROTRACTOR

3/4 INCH SQUARE DRIVE

ETT CONTROLLER

CFM56-5B

CTC-071-026-00 CORE ENGINE ELECTRONIC ROTATIONAL TOOL


EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT
Page 9
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EF G

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT
Page 10
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG

BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Given an objective exercise the student will Identify:


... the two basic types of borescope inspections used on the CFM56-5B engine (4.A.a)

Given an objective exercise the student will select the purpose of:
... the two basic types of borescope inspections used on the CFM56-5B engine (4.B.a)

Given an objective exercise the student will select the functional description of:
... the two basic types of borescope inspections used on the CFM56-5B engine (4.D.a)
...selected elements of Fan and Booster Inspection (4.D.a)
...selected elements of High Pressure Compressor Inspection (4.D.a)
...selected elements of Combustion Chamber (SAC) Inspection (4.D.a)
...selected elements of HPT Nozzle Inspection (4.D.a)
...selected elements of HPT Rotor and HPT Shroud Inspection (4.D.a)
...selected elements of Low Pressure Turbine Inspection (4.D.a)

Given an objective exercise the student will select elements of the maintenance practices associated with:
...N1 Rotor indexing used on the CFM56-5B engine (4.E.a)
...N2 Rotor indexing used on the CFM56-5B engine (4.E.a)

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 1
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
SCHEDULED / UNSCHEDULED INSPECTION

The Borescope Inspection (BSI) is a part of the On Functional Description (4.D.a)


Condition Maintenance Program. Scheduled
A scheduled inspection is performed on specific areas of
Identification (4.A.a) the engine to assess its condition. Inspect these areas
These are the 2 basic types of borescope inspections. through the borescope ports. During this inspection, look
- Scheduled inspection for defects which may be found in these areas.
Inspect the fan blades, OGVs, and the BSI ports
S1,S4, S9, S13, S14, S15, S16. If no defects are found, the engine is serviceable.
- Unscheduled inspection If defects are found refer to the AMM to find out if the
Inspect the fan blades, OGVs, and all the BSI engine is serviceable, with or without cycle limitations.
ports, So through S20.
As a supplement you can refer to the Non Destructive
Purpose (4.B.a) Test Manual (NDTM), in the On Condition paragraph of
Scheduled each engine section, to get a list of the possible defects.
The purpose of the scheduled inspection is inspect for
defects inside the engine at regular time intervals.
- 5000 hours or
- 5000 cycles which ever comes first.
- combustor and HPT at 1600 cycles.

Unscheduled
The purpose of the unscheduled inspection is to find
defects inside the engine which is done at abnormal time
intervals or engine event.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 2
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG

ON CONDITION MAINTENANCE PROGRAM

SCHEDULED
UNSCHEDULED
- HPC 5000 HRS/CYCLES (WHICHEVER COMES FIRST) (ABNORMAL OPERATIONS)
- COMBUSTOR AND HPT 1600 CYCLES

ENGINE CONDITION REVIEW

NO
DISPATCH ENGINE REMOVAL
YES

CYCLE LIMITED NO LIMITATIONS

CTC-071-027-00
SCHEDULED AND UNSCHEDULED INSPECTIONS

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 3
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
SCHEDULED / UNSCHEDULED INSPECTIONS

Unscheduled Functional Description


If an engine experiences a problem, it may have to be During a Scheduled inspection, the inspection of the
inspected to reveal internal defects. engine through these following borescope inspection
ports is done.
As a supplement refer to the Non Destructive Test Manual - Fan blades (visual inspection),
(NDTM). The special inspection of the AMM, engine - S1 (first stage HPC),
section, will list the engine events and which inspection - S4 (Stg 2/3 HPC),
ports must be used by the inspector. - S9 (Stg 8/9 HPC),
- S13, S14, S15 (Combustion Chamber),
During an unscheduled inspection, all areas of the engine - S16 (HPT).
may be inspected.
During an unscheduled inspection, most the parts of the
engine maybe inspected, depending on the problem and
the defects discovered.

Follow the AMM for the special inspection procedures.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 4
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
VISUAL INSPECTION
FAN BLADES / OGV'S

S13 S16
S14
S15
ACTUATOR BALLSCREW

S1 S4 S9

SCHEDULED

UNSCHEDULED

S3 S5 S7 S9
S1 S2 S4 S6 S8
S10 S16
S11 S17 S19 VISUAL
S03 S05 S12 INSPECTION
FAN BLADES S18 S20
S13 STAGE 4 LPT
OGV'S S14 ROTOR
S15

CTC-071-028-00
SCHEDULED / UNSCHEDULED INSPECTIONS

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 5
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
N1 ROTOR INDEXING

General
Setting a reference angular position to the rotor provides
an easy method to come back quickly and accurately to a
defect found earlier.

The following procedure enables the reference point for


the N1 rotor to be obtained. Refer to the AMM, 72.00.00,
for more information.

Maintenance Practice (4.E.a)


Align N1 fan blade leading edge with the T12
temperature sensor installed on the fan inlet cowl at the
11 Oclock position.

The N1 fan blade is easily identified; it faces a spherical


indent mark on the rear spinner cone.

Numbering fan blades is performed by turning the rotor in


the clockwise direction.

CAUTION: THE N1 ROTOR IS TURNED BY HAND.


USE CAUTION AND WEAR GLOVES TO AVOID
INJURY.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 6
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
FAN BLADE No 1

T12 SENSOR

CTC-071-029-00
N1 ROTOR INDEXING

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 7
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
N2 ROTOR INDEXING

General 5. The next blade is blade N1. Position the


Setting a reference angular position to the rotor provides blade N1 leading edge in line with the leading
an easy method to come back quickly and accurately to a edge of the stage 4 stator vane looking aft through
defect found earlier. the borescope port.
6. Position the pointer on the protractor to the 0
The following procedure enables the reference point for alignment mark, or position the wrench to the top
the N2 rotor to be obtained. Refer to the AMM, 72.00.00, vertical position.
for more information.
The N2 rotor is now in the zero reference position.
Maintenance Practice (4.E.a)
1. Open the VSV system. (Refer to the AMM section
75-31-00.)
2. Insert borescope probe N3 (green) into
borescope port S4, and look toward the back of
the engine to the stage 4 compressor rotor
blade platform.
3. Rotate the core (manually or with a tool) until
the first blade locking lug appears in the field
of view. Compressor rotor blade rotation must be
in the CW direction viewed through the probe.
4. Continue core rotation until the second locking
lug appears. This lock is located 2 blades past the
first locking lug.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 8
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG

CTC-071-030-00
N2 ROTOR INDEXING

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 9
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
FAN AND BOOSTER INSPECTION

Functional Description (4.D.a)

Scheduled inspection
Visual inspection of the fan blades and OGVs are
performed on a regular basis. There is no borescope
inspection of the booster rotor during a scheduled
inspection.

Check the condition of the fan blades. These are typical


defects that may found on fan blades:
- Missing material, tip curl
- Nicks, dents, pits, and scratches usually due to
ingestion of small foreign objects such as sand,
stones, dust, tarmac, etc.
- Distortion, tip curl, cracks and deformation are
usually due to heavier foreign object damages
such as birds, ice, hail, tires, etc.

Note: If defects are found on the fan blades, or if the


engine experienced an abnormal operating problem, then
perform an unscheduled inspection.

Perform a visual inspection on the Outlet Guide Vanes


(OGVs) installed in the fan frame.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 10
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG

MIDSPAN
SHROUD

FAN BLADE

NICK AND / OR DENT


NICK AND / OR DENT

TRAILING EDGE
LOCAL DISTORTION

LEADING EDGE

CTC-071-031-00
FAN AND BOOSTER INSPECTION

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 11
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
FAN AND BOOSTER INSPECTION

Functional Description From the S03 port, the following components are visible:
- Rotor stage 3 trailing edge (T/E)
Unscheduled inspection - Rotor stage 4 leading edge (L/E)
If defects are found on the fan blades, or if the engine - 2 adjacent vanes of the stator stage 3
experienced an abnormal operating problem, then
perform an unscheduled inspection. Map the defects on the special reporting form located in
the NDT manual, or the BSI maintenance area of the
First, perform the zero index position procedure for the individual airlines.
N1 rotor.

Then, use probe N2 (yellow), installed on the long right


angle adapter, to reach the S03 port. The port is located
between 2 OGVs, approximately at the 3 Oclock
position. Insert the borescope into port So3 and
go through the 2 cases before reaching the rotor blade
area.

TIP:
Depending on the configuration of the long right angle
extension, there is the possibility of turning the probe to
change the direction of view and to adjust the focus
directly from the extension.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 12
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
FAN OUTLET GUIDE VANE

BORESCOPE
VIEW THROUGH
PORT S03 LONG RIGHT
ANGLE EXTENSION

FAN BLADE

2 3 4
5

CTC-071-032-00
FAN AND BOOSTER INSPECTION

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 13
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
FAN AND BOOSTER INSPECTION

Functional Description

Unscheduled inspection
After inspection through port S03, continue inspection of
the booster through port S05.

Use probe N2 (yellow),installed on the long right angle


adapter, to reach the S05 port. The port is located
approximately at the 4 Oclock position. Insert the
borescope into port S05 and go through the 2 cases
before reaching the rotor blade area.

TIP:
Depending on the configuration of the long right angle
extension, there is the possibility of turning the probe to
change the direction of view and to adjust the focus
directly from the extension.

From the S05 port, the following components are visible:


- Rotor stage 5 trailing edge (T/E)
- 2 adjacent vanes of the stator stage 5

Map the defects on the special reporting form located in


the NDT manual, or the BSI maintenance area of the
individual airlines.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 14
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
FAN OUTLET GUIDE VANE

BORESCOPE
VIEW THROUGH
PORT S05
LONG RIGHT
ANGLE EXTENSION

FAN BLADE

2 3 4
5

CTC-071-033-00
FAN AND BOOSTER INSPECTION

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 15
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
FAN AND BOOSTER INSPECTION

Functional Description

Unscheduled inspection
Use rigid probe N2 (yellow), installed on the long right
angle adapter, to reach the front of the splitter fairing area.

From this position the following are visible.


- Vanes of the stator stage 1
- Rotor stage 2 leading edge (L/E) through the
stator stage 1

The fan blades, platforms and OGVs can be inspected


visually from the front of the engine, or inspected even
with the fan blades removed.

TIP:
Borescope equipment is not needed to inspect stator
stage 1 and stage 2 rotor blades if the fan blades are
removed (when fan blades have to be relubricated, for
example).

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 16
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
FAN OUTLET GUIDE VANE

BORESCOPE VIEW LONG RIGHT


THROUGH THE ANGLE EXTENSION
BOOSTER INLET

FAN BLADE

2 3 4
5

CTC-071-034-00
FAN AND BOOSTER INSPECTION

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 17
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
FAN AND BOOSTER INSPECTION

Functional Description - Fan or Low Pressure Compressor stall (this may


occur during engine deceleration).
Typical defects - Foreign Object Damage (FOD) and suspected
Sometimes during the life of an engine, an assessment bird ingestion.
of the condition of the fan and booster rotor blades may - High level of vibration of the N1 rotor.
be required as part of the On condition Engine - N1 rotor overspeed.
Maintenance program. Whenever the fan and booster - Heavy landing (acceleration is above the
blades are inspected, the following defects should be threshold limit).
assessed against the Aircraft Maintenance Manual
serviceability limits.
- Cracks or tears,
- Nicks and scratches,
- Dents,
- Erosion,
- Tip curl,
- Pits,
- Distortion of leading and/or trailing edges,
- Missing material,

Fan and booster rotor damage may occur after the engine
experienced an abnormal problem The following list
provides the conditions where a complete borescope
inspection should be performed:

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 18
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG

WEAR

TIP EROSION
MISSING
LEADING CURL MATERIAL
EDGE

TRAILING LEADING
EDGE EDGE

DISTORTION

CRACK
NICK, TRAILING
DENT SCRATCH EDGE

CTC-071-035-00
BOOSTER BLADE TYPICAL DEFECTS

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 19
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
FAN AND BOOSTER INSPECTION

Functional Description

Inspection Areas
On the booster blades, there are 3 areas which are
dimensionally defined by using letters.

- Section E: This section of the blade starts from the


top of the platform and extends toward the blade tip
for approximately 10 millimeters or 0.4 inch.
- Section G: This section of the blade starts from the tip
of the blade and extends toward the blade platform
for approximately 20 millimeters or 0.79 inch.
- Other Airfoil areas: This is the remaining area of the
blade that does not include areas E and G.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 20
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG

TIP

0.79IN. G
(20MM)

LEADING
EDGE
TRAILING
EDGE OTHER
AIRFOIL
AREAS

E 0.4IN. (10MM)
PLATFORM

CTC-071-036-00
BOOSTER BLADE INSPECTION AREAS

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 21
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR INSPECTION

Functional Description (4.D.a) Thirdly go to port S9.


Use probe N3 (green) to perform inspection of the:
Scheduled Inspection - stage 9 rotor L/E platform area,
To inspect the HPC rotor blades, you may open the - stage 8 rotor T/E platform area.
Variable Stator Vanes to obtain a better view.
Use probe N4 (blue), to inspect the:
During a scheduled inspection, inspect the High Pressure - stage 9 rotor L/E blade tip area,
Compressor through ports S4, S1 and S9. - stage 8 rotor T/E blade tip area.

First, perform the zero index position procedure for the Map the defects on the special reporting form (Refer to
N1 rotor. Use rigid probe No 3 (green): the NDT Manual).
- stage 4 rotor L/E platform area,
- stage 3 rotor T/E platform area. Note: If defects are found during this inspection, a
complete HPC borescope inspection of all rotor stages
Then use probe N4 (blue) and inspect the: has to be performed.
- stage 4 rotor L/E blade tip area,
- stage 3 rotor T/E blade tip area. Tip:
To get a better evaluation of the defects, use probe N 1
Secondly, go through HPC port S1. (black) where possible.
Use probe N3 (green) to perform inspection of the:
- stage 1 rotor L/E platform area

After switching back to probe N4 (blue), inspect the:


- stage 1 rotor L/E blade tip area.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 22
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG

OPEN VSV'S TO VIEW

S1

S9
S4

SCHEDULED INSPECTION
PROBE 2 (YELLOW): GENERAL VIEW
PROBE 3 (GREEN): PLATFORM AREA
PROBE 4 (BLUE): BLADE TIP

CTC-071-037-00
HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR INSPECTION

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 23
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR INSPECTION

Functional Description

Unscheduled Inspection
If defects are found during a scheduled inspection, or if
the engine experienced an abnormal operating problem,
then perform an unscheduled inspection. During an
unscheduled inspection, inspect the High Pressure
Compressor through all ports.

First, go through the HPC port S4.


Use rigid probe N3 (green) to index the N2 rotor.

Once the core rotor is indexed, perform inspection of the


stage 1 rotor, port S1. Use probe N 2 (yellow) for general
inspection of the rotor blades.

Defect assessment may require the use of probes N 3


(green) and N 4 (blue).

Use probe N3 to perform inspection of the L/E platform


area and probe N4 to inspect the L/E blade tip area.

Repeat the same method for ports S2 to S9.

Map the defects on the special reporting form (Refer to


NDT manual for the reporting maps).

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 24
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG

OPEN VSV'S TO VIEW

UNSCHEDULED INSPECTION
PROBE 2 (YELLOW): GENERAL VIEW
PROBE 3 (GREEN): PLATFORM AREA
PROBE 4 (BLUE): BLADE TIP

CTC-071-038-00
HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR INSPECTION

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 25
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR INSPECTION

Functional Description High Pressure Compressor (HPC) rotor blade damage


may occur after the engine experienced an abnormal
Typical Defects operating problem.The following list provides the
When the High pressure Compressor blades are conditions where a complete HPC borescope inspection
inspected, the following defects should be evaluated with should be performed:
the aircraft maintenance manual serviceability limits:
- HPC stall
- Cracks or tears, (this may occur during engine acceleration).
- Nicks and scratches, - Foreign Object Damage (FOD).
- dents, - High level of vibration of the N2 rotor.
- Erosion, - N2 rotor overspeed.
- Tip curl, - Heavy landing.
- Pits, - Oil fumes detected in cabin air.
- Distortion of leading and/or trailing edges,
- Missing material,
- Dirt buildup
- Shingling and/or distortion of blade platform.
- Cracks in blade locking lugs.
- Locking lugs missing or loose.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 26
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
LEADING WEAR
EDGE
STAGES 4 TO 9

DENT

DISTORTION

NICK
LOOSE
LOCKING
LUGS
EROSION
CRACK
FORWARD
CHIPPED, WORN
ANTI-EROSION
COATING (CONCAVE
STAGE 1 MISSING SIDE)
CORNER
LEADING
EDGE TIP CURL

LEADING
EDGE

SCRATCHES CRACK

TEAR

FOD STAGES 2 TO 9 SHINGLING

CTC-071-039-00
HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR INSPECTION - TYPICAL DEFECTS

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 27
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR INSPECTION

Functional Description

Inspection Areas The top area of the airfoil


On the High Pressure Compressor rotor blades there are This is the portion of the blade which starts from
specific inspection areas for each stage. the tip of the blade and which extends toward the
blade platform and wraps around L/E and T/L for
They are divided into 2 major groups: approximately 0.3 in (7.62 mm)
- Rotor blades Stages 1 to 4
- Rotor blades Stages 5 to 9 This area is divided in 2 different parts:
- the tip
Critical inspection areas are not dimensionally identical - area A
for each stage. On the blades, there are 3 particular areas
which are dimensionally defined: Other Sections
This area is the rest of the airfoil.
The lower area of the airfoil - For stages 1 to 4 this is the remaining section of the
This is the blade root radius area, plus the area blade.
which extends toward the blade tip and wraps - For stages 5 to 9 this is the section which wraps
around the L/E and the T/E for approximately 25% around L/E and T/E (area B).
of the height of the airfoil (L) and up to 0.10 (2.54)
width.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 28
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
TIP
ANY QUANTITY 0.10
0.30 0.10 OF DAMAGE (2.54)
(7.62) (2.54) IS PERMITTED
AIRFOIL
SEE C CENTER 0.20
0.30 SEE THE LIMITS
TIP PANEL (5.08)
(7.62) FOR MISSING TIP AREA A
CORNERS AND TIP CURL
SEE B
THAT EXTEND IN
THIS AREA
0.06
B (1.52)
L (STAGES 5-9) 0.10 (2.54) DEFINES
B CENTER PANEL
0.10
(STAGES 5-9)
(2.54) L B

25% OF L CHORD MISSING


PERCENT TIP CORNER
25% OF L 0.30
(7.62) TIP
(STAGES 5-9) CURL
PLATFORM SEE A

EXAMPLE DOVETAIL NICK


AIRFOIL ROOT
RADIUS AREA

NORMAL LEADING NICK


A EDGE CONTOUR DEPTH

AIRFOIL DENT

DENT DEFLECTION
FROM ORIGINAL
AIRFOIL ROOT
CONTOUR
RADIUS

DENT
DEPTH C
PLATFORM

CTC-071-040-00
HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR BLADE INSPECTION AREAS

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 29
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION

Functional Description (4.D.a) Note: if defects are found during this inspection, a
complete inspection of the combustion chamber is
Scheduled Inspection performed.
During a scheduled inspection of the (SAC) combustor,
inspect the combustion chamber through ports S13 and
S15. Unscheduled Inspection
If defects are found during a scheduled inspection, or if
Borescope inspection of the CFM56 combustion chamber the engine experienced a particular operating problem,
assembly may be accomplished using probes 1, 2, 3 and then an unscheduled inspection must be performed.
4.
During an unscheduled inspection, inspect the
Probe 2 (yellow) is recommended for general viewing of combustion chamber through ports S12, S13, S14 S15,
the combustion chamber, especially the dome area. plus igniter ports S10 and S11 and map the defects on
the special reporting form.
Probe 3 (green) is recommended for viewing
circumferentially around the combustion chamber and
the inner liner near the borescope ports.

Probe 4 (blue) is recommended for viewing the outer liner


around the borescope port.

Probe 1 (blue, hi-mag) is recommended for viewing the aft


end of the combustion chamber inner and outer liners and
for evaluating defects found when using probes 2, 3, or
4.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 30
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG

RIGID BORESCOPE
S10, S11, S12, S13, S14, S15

ANNULAR
COMBUSTION
CHAMBER

PROBE 1 (BLACK): AFT END OF COMBUSTION CHAMBER


PROBE 2 (YELLOW): GENERAL VIEW COMBUSTION CHAMBER, DOME AREA
PROBE 3 (GREEN): INNER LINER
PROBE 4 (BLUE): OUTER LINER

CTC-071-041-00
COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 31
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION

Functional Description Inspect for defects in the 3 following areas:


- dome assembly
Typical Defects - outer liner
Whenever the combustion chamber is inspected, the - inner liner
following defects should be assessed with the aircraft
maintenance manual serviceability limits: Training Tip:
- Cracks or tears, Carbon deposits are often misinterpreted as defects
- Erosion, (holes or burn through, cracks, etc.). Use the high
- Distortion of internal parts, magnification probe, and higher light intensity to confirm
- Missing material, the type of defect.
- Dirtbuildup,
- Burn through holes, The aft panel of the inner liner is susceptible to distortion
- Flaking of Thermal Barrier Coating (TBC). and cracking. The first evidence of this is a discoloration
in a round spot approximately the size of the large dilution
Combustion chamber damage may occur after the hole, which is followed by distortion and cracking. This
engine experienced a particular operating problem. The usually occurs uniformly around the liner.
following list provides conditions where a complete
borescope inspection should be performed:
- Foreign Object Damage (FOD) and suspected bird
ingestion.
- An engine overtemperature occurred.
- Flame out, and/or visible engine fire (flame) during
engine start.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 32
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
DOME ASSEMBLY
TYPICAL SPECTACLE
RADIAL PLATE
TYPICAL CRACKS TYPICAL
CIRCUMFERENTIAL CONNECTED
CRACKS CRACKS
TYPICAL
RADIAL
CRACKS

TYPICAL
SLEEVE RADIAL
CRACKS TYPICAL
CIRCUMFERENTIAL
CRACKS
TYPICAL
MISSING MISSING MATERIAL
MATERIAL BETWEEN THE CRACKS
SPECTACLE
PLATE SLEEVE

DEFLECTOR
BURN
THROUGH
HOLE

CTC-071-042-00
COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 33
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION

Functional Description

Typical Defects
(Continued)

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 34
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
IGNITER
HOLE
EXAMPLE OF
A BURN
THROUGH
EXAMPLE OF HOLE
A CRACK AT THE
IGNITER HOLE
EXAMPLE OF
CRACKS
ACROSS
4 PANELS
EXAMPLE OF
3 CRACKS ACROSS
EXAMPLE
ONE PANEL
OF MISSING
OVERHANG

LINERS EXAMPLE OF AN AXIAL


DOME PANEL PANEL PANEL PANEL PANEL CRACK CONNECTED TO
BAND 1 2 3 4 5 A CIRCUMFERENTIAL
CRACK

LINERS EXAMPLE OF BURN


THROUGH HOLE

EXAMPLE OF
CRACKS ACROSS
DILUTION 3 PANELS
HOLES
EXAMPLE OF
CRACKS ACROSS
MORE THAN 3
PANELS
DOME PANEL PANEL PANEL PANEL
BAND 1 2 3 4

CTC-071-043-00
COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 35
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
HPT NOZZLE INSPECTION

Functional Description (4.D.a)

Scheduled Inspection - Rigid Probe Unscheduled Inspection - Rigid Probe


During a scheduled inspection, inspect HPT nozzles If defects are found during a scheduled inspection, or if
through ports S13 and S15. This inspection is normally the engine experienced an abnormal operating problem,
carried out in conjunction with the combustion chamber then perform an unscheduled inspection.
inspection.
For the HPT nozzles, use ports S12, S13, S14 and S15
Use probe N 1 (black, high magnification) to inspect the plus igniters ports S10 and S11.
HPT nozzle segments. The high intensity light source is
used to accurately inspect the HPT nozzles. Use probe N1 (black, high magnification) to inspect the
Insert the probe into the borescope ports and inspect the HPT nozzle segments concave sides and leading edges.
leading edges of the nozzle segments.

Note: If defects are found, a complete inspection of the


combustion chamber and the nozzles has to be
performed.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 36
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
FUEL
NOZZLE

BORESCOPE PORTS:
- S13, S15 (SCHEDULED)
- S10, S11, S12, S14 OUTER PLATFORM
VANE AIRFOIL A
INNER PLATFORM

RIGID
BORESCOPE
PROBE 1

CONCAVE SIDE
VIEW A
NOSE
HOLES
OUTER PLATFORM
VANE TRAILING
VANE LEADING EDGE EDGE
NOTE:
NUMBER OF VANES: 42.
(21 SEGMENTS OF 2 VANES EACH.) COOLING SLOTS

GILL
INNER PLATFORM
HOLES

CTC-071-044-00
HPT NOZZLE INSPECTION - RIGID PROBE

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 37
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
HPT NOZZLE INSPECTION

Functional Description Carefully push the flexible probe into the guide tube to
inspect the next HPT nozzle segment.
Unscheduled Inspection - Flexible probe
Use the flexible probe with a guide tube to inspect the Insert the guide tube in another borescope port and
HPT nozzle segments on the convex sides, the trailing repeat the previous steps. Map the defects on the special
edges and the platforms. reporting form.

CAUTION: BE CAREFUL NOT TO INSERT THE Tip:


BORESCOPE BETWEEN BLADES WHILE ROTATING It is more convenient to use the left borescope port (S12)
THE ROTOR. THIS ACTION WILL RESULT IN BREAKAGE to inspect the bottom left hand side of the engine, and port
OF THE BORESCOPE PROBE AND MAY REQUIRE (S14), to inspect the nozzle right hand side.
DISASSEMBLY OF THE ENGINE TO REMOVE THE
BROKEN PIECE.

Insert the guide tube 856A1310 (blue) or 856A1351 (red),


and position it between two nozzle vanes.

Carefully insert the flexible probe into the guide tube and
monitor the probe insertion in between the nozzle vanes.
Inspect the convex side and trailing edge.

Then inspect the inner and outer platforms by turning the


flexible probe inside the guide tube.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 38
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
COMBUSTOR CASE HPT SHROUD

IGNITER PLUG PORT

GUIDE TUBE
FOR FLEXIBLE
BORESCOPE

ROLL FEED FLEX


PROBE IN THIS
DIRECTION
ONLY

HPTN TRAILING HPTN INNER HPTN UPPER


EDGE INSPECTION PLATFORM INSPECTION PLATFORM INSPECTION

CTC-071-045-00
HPT NOZZLE INSPECTION - FLEXIBLE PROBE

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 39
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
HPT NOZZLE INSPECTION

Functional Description - Missing thermal barrier coating,


- Erosion,
Typical Defects - Bulked or bowed trailing edges,
Whenever the High Pressure Turbine nozzle is inspected, - Spalled areas,
the following defects should be assessed with the AMM - Craze cracks, and metal splatter,
serviceability limits: - Missing material,
- Dirty airfoils.
- Discoloration (anywhere)
- Leading edge damage for Abnormal Engine Events
cracks HPT nozzle damage may occur after the engine
burns and/or bulges experienced an abnormal operating problem. The
blocked cooling air passages following list provides the conditions where a complete
- Concave and convex surfaces borescope inspection should be performed:
cracks
- Trailing edge damage - Overtemperature,
bulking and/or bowing - Engine stalls,
cracks - EGT trend step increase.
- Other airfoil areas
cracks
nicks, scores, scratches, or dents
- Inner and outer platforms
burns
cracks

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 40
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
TRAILING EDGE
CORNER PIECE MISSING

OUTER
PLATFORM

AIRFOIL
TRAILING
EDGE

TRAILING EDGE CRACK


WITH BURNT / MISSING LEADING EDGE
MATERIAL BURNT / MISSING
MATERIAL

TRAILING EDGE
AXIAL CRACK
AIRFOIL
LEADING INNER
EDGE PLATFORM

CTC-071-046-00
HPT NOZZLE INSPECTION - TYPICAL DEFECTS

EFFECTIVITY
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BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 41
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
HPT ROTOR BLADES AND HPT SHROUD
INSPECTION

Functional Description (4.D.a)

Scheduled Inspection - Rigid Probe


During a scheduled inspection, inspect the HPT rotor
blade T/E through ports S16 and S17and the rear portion
of the HPT shroud.

First, go through the HPC port S4 and use probe N3


(green) to perform the N2 rotor zero index position
procedure.

Once the core rotor is indexed, inspect the HPT blade


T/E, tips, concave and convex sides through the S16 and
S17 ports.

Use probes 2, 3 and 4. Probe N2 (yellow) is used for


general inspection. Probes N3 (green) and N4 (blue)
are used to carry out a detailed inspection of the platform
and tip areas.

If defects are found, an inspection of the L/E has to be


performed.

EFFECTIVITY
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72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 42
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
RIGID BORESCOPE
S16, S17

HPT SHROUD

HPT BLADES

UNSCHEDULED INSPECTION
PROBE 1 (BLACK): DEFECT ASSESSMENT
PROBE 2 (YELLOW): GENERAL INSPECTION
PROBE 3 (GREEN): PLATFORM INSPECTION
PROBE 4 (BLUE): TIP INSPECTION

CTC-071-047-00
HPT ROTOR BLADES AND HPT SHROUD INSPECTION - RIGID PROBE

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 43
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
HPT ROTOR BLADES AND HPT SHROUD
INSPECTION

Functional Description Carefully insert the flexible probe into the guide tube and
monitor the probe insertion in between the nozzle vanes.
Unscheduled Inspection - Flexible Probe Guide the tip of the flexible probe between the nozzle
If defects are found during a scheduled inspection, or if vanes by using the tip deflection control and position it to
the engine experienced an abnormal operating problem, see the L/E of the HPT blades.
then perform an unscheduled inspection.
Perform the inspection of the blades (rotate the core),
First, go through the HPC port S4 and use the rigid probe then the inspection of the HPT shroud segments
N3 (green) to perform the N2 rotor zero index position
procedure. CAUTION: BE CAREFUL NOT TO INSERT THE
BORESCOPE BETWEEN BLADES WHILE ROTATING
If not already done, look through the S16 and S17 ports. THE ROTOR. THIS ACTION WILL RESULT IN BREAKAGE
Use probes 2, 3 and 4 and inspect platform and tip areas. OF THE BORESCOPE PROBE AND MAY REQUIRE
DISASSEMBLY OF THE ENGINE TO REMOVE THE
During an unscheduled inspection, inspect the HPT BROKEN PIECE.
blade L/E and the forward part of the HPT shroud.
You use the flexible probe with the guide tube. Map the defects on the special reporting form.
Insert the guide tube 856A1310 or 856A1351 through the
S10 or S11 ports, and position it between two nozzle
vanes.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 44
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
S16, S17

COMBUSTION CASE

IGNITER
PLUG PORT

RIGID
BORESCOPE

GUIDE TUBE
FOR FLEXIBLE
BORESCOPE

HPT BLADES
T/E SCHEDULED INSPECTION: HPT SHROUD
PROBE 2 : GENERAL INSPECTION
PROBE 3 : PLATFORM INSPECTION
PROBE 4 : TIP INSPECTION
PROBE 1 : DEFECT ASSESSMENT DO NOT ROTATE N2 !

HPTR L/E MAGNIFIED VIEW WIDE ANGLE OF VIEW MAGNIFIED VIEW


MULTI-PASS INSPECTION SINGLE PASS CONCAVE AIRFOIL HPTR TIP MAGNIFIED VIEW

CTC-071-048-00
HPT ROTOR BLADES AND HPT SHROUD INSPECTION - FLEXIBLE PROBE

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 45
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
HPT ROTOR BLADES AND HPT SHROUD
INSPECTION

Functional Description Abnormal Engine Events


HPT blade damage may occur after the engine
Typical Defects experienced an abnormal operating problem. The
Whenever borescope inspections of the HPT section are following list provides the conditions where a complete
required, the following defects may be observed and borescope inspection should be performed:
should be assessed with the serviceability limits in the
AMM. - Core stall (N2)
- Overtemperature
These are typical defects to look for: - Metal in the tailpipe
- Trailing edge - N2 overspeed, abnormal core vibrations, hard
cracks. landing.
- Tip area
cracks,
bent, curled, or missing pieces,
tip trailing edge wear.
- Blade platform
nicks and dents,
cracks.
- Concave and convex airfoil surfaces
cracks,
distortion,
burning.
- Cooling holes
cracks,
plugging.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 46
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
PLUGGED HOLES
WORN TIP
MISSING
MATERIAL
RADIAL BLADE TIP
BURN
CRACK WEAR
THROUGH
HOLE
REMAINING SLOT

NICKS
DISCOLORATION ,
OVERHEATING

MISSING
MATERIAL

T/E
L/E CRACK CRACK

CRACK BETWEEN
HOLES

CTC-071-049-00
HPT ROTOR BLADE INSPECTION - TYPICAL DEFECTS

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 47
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
HPT ROTOR BLADES AND HPT SHROUD
INSPECTION

Functional Description

HPT Rotor Blade Inspection Areas


On the High Pressure Turbine rotor blade, specific areas
of inspection are defined.
These are:
-Area C: All around the blade, extending from the
first T/E slot just above the root fillet, toward the tip
of the blade, up to the sixth T/E slot.

-Area B: All around the blade, extending from the


seventh T/E slot, toward the tip of the blade, up to
the twelfth T/E slot.

-Area A: All around the blade, extending from the


thirteenth T/E slot, up to the tip film holes.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 48
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG

TIP
AREA AREA A T/E
(ALL
AIR
AROUND)
SLOTS
AREA B
(ALL
CAVITY 2 AROUND)
T/E SLOTS 7
THROUGH 12
ROW 1
AREA C
ROOT (ALL 1st 6 T/E
ROW 2 FILLET AROUND) SLOTS

ROW 3
ROW 4 CONVEX SIDE

LEADING
EDGE AREA
ROW 5
ROW 6
ROW 7

0.50
CONCAVE SIDE
TRAILING
ROW 8 EDGE AREA
NOTES:
1. ROW 1, 6-8 (GILL COOLING HOLES)
2. ROW 2-5 (NOSE COOLING HOLES)

CTC-071-050-00
HPT ROTOR BLADE - INSPECTION AREAS

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 49
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
LOW PRESSURE TURBINE INSPECTION

Functional Description (4.D.a) Abnormal Engine Events


LPT rotor blade damage may occur after the engine
Typical Defects experienced an abnormal operating condition The
Whenever the blades are inspected, the following defects following list provides the conditions where a complete
should be assessed against the Aircraft Maintenance LPT borescope inspection should be performed:
Manual serviceability limits:
- Engine stall (This may occur during engine
- Cracks in the airfoil surface, platform, or tip shroud. acceleration HPC or deceleration LPC).
- Convex and/or concave surfaces nicks and dents. - Foreign Object Damage (FOD) and suspected bird
- Leading edge distortion due to overtemperature. ingestion.
- Large dent, or pieces of metal missing. - High level of vibration on the N1 rotor.
- Metallization of the leading edges and/or concave - N1 rotor overspeed.
surface. (Gold coloration). - Engine overtemperature.
- Gaps in the tip shroud interlocks. - When flames are seen out of nozzle during start
- Shingled or unlatched tip shroud. procedure.
- Circumferential wear.
- Seal teeth wear.
- Flaking on the hardened seal teeth.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 50
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
CRACK IN
SHROUD
WEAR

LEADING
EDGE TRAILING
LEADING EDGE
EDGE TRAILING
EDGE

NICK

DENT
MISSING
MATERIAL

DISTORTION

GOLD MELTED
COLORATION AREA
OVERTEMPERATURE

CRACK
CRACK IN
PLATFORM

CTC-071-051-00
LPT BLADE INSPECTION - TYPICAL DEFECTS

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 51
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
LOW PRESSURE TURBINE INSPECTION

Functional Description
The LPT rotor blades (all stages) are long span blades. To
inspect the total length, and airfoil surface, it is necessary
to use the following method:

- Perform the N1 rotor zero index procedure.


- To inspect the leading edge and concave side of the
LPT blades, turn the rotor in the normal direction of
rotation ( CW aft looking forward ).
-To inspect the trailing edge and the convex side of
the LPT blades, turn the rotor in the opposite
direction of rotation ( CCW aft looking forward ).
-The LPT rotor blades are inspected starting at the
blade platform, turning the rotor one revolution, then,
pulling the probe back to the next inspection area.

Repeat this operation until the entire blade is inspected.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 52
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG

MOVING THE PROBE IN AND OUT ALLOWS


FULL VIEWING OF THE COMPONENTS

CTC-071-052-00
LOW PRESSURE TURBINE INSPECTION

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 53
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
LOW PRESSURE TURBINE INSPECTION

Functional Description

Scheduled Inspection
An evaluation of the condition of the LPT blades may be
required as part of the On condition Engine Maintenance
program.

Inspection of the leading edges and the concave sides of


the stage 1 LPT blades may be performed during the
inspection of the HPT blade trailing edges.

Borescope plugs S16, S17, are removed and an initial


overall inspection, using the yellow probe may be
performed to evaluate the blade condition.
Use probes 2 , 3 and 4 (yellow, green and blue) to inspect
the blade roots and tips of the blades.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 54
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG

S16, S17

SCHEDULED INSPECTION
PROBE 1 (BLACK): DEFECT ASSESSMENT
PROBE 2 (YELLOW): GENERAL INSPECTION
PROBE 3 (GREEN): PLATFORM INSPECTION
PROBE 4 (BLUE): TIP INSPECTION

CTC-071-053-00
LOW PRESSURE TURBINE SCHEDULED INSPECTION

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 55
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
LOW PRESSURE TURBINE INSPECTION

Functional Description

Unscheduled Inspections
When inspection of the Low Pressure Turbine section is
required, check the condition of all the LPT stages.

Remove the borescope plug S18 and inspect the trailing


edge of the first stage rotor blades. Use probes N2,3 and
4. To get a better evaluation of the defects, you may use
probe N 1 (black) where possible. This port is also used
to carry out the inspection of stage 2 LPT blade leading
edges.

Repeat the same operation for borescope ports S19 and


S20.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 56
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG

S16, S17

S18
UNSCHEDULED INSPECTION
PROBE 1 (BLACK): DEFECT ASSESSMENT S19
PROBE 2 (YELLOW): GENERAL INSPECTION
PROBE 3 (GREEN): PLATFORM INSPECTION
S20
PROBE 4 (BLUE): TIP INSPECTION

CTC-071-054-00
LOW PRESSURE TURBINE UNSCHEDULED INSPECTION

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 57
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
LOW PRESSURE TURBINE INSPECTION

Functional Description

Typical Defects
For inspection of stage 4 turbine blades, in addition to the
regular defects described, the following defects can also
be found:
- No more axial preload on the tip shroud assembly.
- Tip shroud interlock wear.
- Wear on the lateral faces of the tip shroud.
- Tip shroud not flush.
- Peeling airfoil surfaces and leading and trailing
edges.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 58
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
SEE
A
CLEARANCE

TIP SHROUD
A INTERLOCK WEAR

SEE D
TIP SHROUD INTERLOCK GAPS
SEE C

NOT ALIGNED
NO CLEARANCE
UNLATCHED
TIP SHROUDS OR OUT OF FLUSH
UNLATCHED SHINGLED TIP SHROUDS
INTERLOCKS TIP SHROUDS
OR SHINGLED
B C
SEE B INTERLOCKS
CLEARANCE AT MATE LATERAL FACES WEAR
FACE

A A B B
INTERLOCK WEAR AT A 45 DEG. ANGLE

CLEARANCE
A-A
A-A B-B A

SHINGLING
A
OUT OF
FLUSH

OFFSET D

CTC-071-055-00
LPT BLADE STAGE 4 TYPICAL DEFECTS
EFFECTIVITY
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72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 59
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
LOW PRESSURE TURBINE INSPECTION

Functional Description

Inspection Areas
On the LPT blades, there are 2 specific areas which are
dimensionally defined through section letters:
- Area E (tip of the blade):
Portion of the blade airfoil starting from the bottom of
the tip shroud extending toward the blade
platform for approximately, 10 millimeters or 0.4
inch for stage 1, and 5 millimeters or 0.2 inch
for stage 3.
- Area E (bottom of the blade):
Portion of the blade airfoil starting from the top of the
blade platform and extending toward the
blade tip for approximately, 10 millimeters or 0.4
inch for stage 1, and 12 millimeters or 0.47
inch for stages 2, 3 and 4.
- Other Sections:
This is the remaining section of the blade which is all
L/E and T/E not including sections E.

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 60
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG
SEAL TEETH

SEAL TEETH AREA E


,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,
SEAL TEETH AREA E ,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,

SEAL TEETH
LEADING
EDGE
LEADING
EDGE
LEADING
,,,,,,,,, EDGE
,,,,,,,,,
AREA E ,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,


TRAILING
LEADING EDGE
EDGE

,,,,,,,,,,,,
AREA E AREA E AREA E ,,,,,,,,,, AREA E ,,,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,,

STAGE 1 STAGE 2 STAGE 3 STAGE 4

CTC-071-056-00
LPT BLADE INSPECTION AREAS

EFFECTIVITY
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72-00-00
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Page 61
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
CFM56-5B TRAINING MANUAL
EFG

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

EFFECTIVITY
ALL CFM56-5B ENGINES FOR A319-A320-A321
72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Page 62
March 98
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION