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Republic of the Philippines

DEPARTMENT OF EDCUATION

K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM

TECHNOLOGY AND LIVELIHOOD EDUCATION

CURRICULUM GUIDE
Exploratory Course on

HORTICULTURE
K to 12 TECHNOLOGY AND LIVELIHOOD EDUCATION

AGRICULTURE/FISHERY HORTICULTURE
(Exploratory)

Curriculum Guide for the Exploratory Course on Horticulture

For you to get a complete picture of the complete TLE exploratory course on Horticulture, you are hereby provided with the Curriculum Guide
on Horticulture.

Learning
Content Standard Performance Standard Project/ Activities Assessment Duration
Competencies

LESSON 1: USE FARM TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT


Demonstrate understanding
of/on:

Farm tools 1. Appropriate farm tools are LO1. Select and 1. Drawing the farm tools Written test 5 hours
Handheld tools (ex. identified according to use farm and indicating their Performanc
scythe, pruning tools, requirements/use. tools. functions. e Test
etc. 2. Farm tool checked for faults 2. Getting familiarized
Farm Implements and defective tools are with tools used in land
Plows reported in accordance with preparation,
Harrows farm procedures. cultivation, plant
Rotavator 3. Appropriate tools and propagation, and
equipment are safely used harvesting.
according to job requirements 3. Demonstrate skills in
and manufacturers conditions. using a shovel by
4. Shovel is used properly performing operation
sheet 1.1.
Manual of farm 1. Appropriate farm equipment LO2. Select and 1. Making a scrapbook of Written test 7 hours
equipment and and facilities are identified. operate pictures of farm Performanc
specifications 2. Instructional manual of farm farm equipment and writing e Test
Parts and functions of equipment are carefully read equipment. down the functions of
equipment prior to operation. the farm equipment.
3. Pre-operation check-up is 2. Making a report on the

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K to 12 TECHNOLOGY AND LIVELIHOOD EDUCATION

AGRICULTURE/FISHERY HORTICULTURE
(Exploratory)
Learning
Content Standard Performance Standard Project/ Activities Assessment Duration
Competencies
Pre-operation and check- conducted in line with manufacturers
up. manufacturers manual. manual.
Safety practices during 4. Faults in farm equipment and
operations of farm facilities are identified and
equipment reported in line with farm
Calibration and use of procedures.
farm equipment 5. Farm equipment are used
according to its function.
6. Safety procedures are
followed.

Demonstrate understanding 1. Tools and equipment are LO3.Perform 1. Sharpening tools and Written test 5 hours
of/on: cleaned immediately after use preventive implements as the Performanc
in line with farm procedures. maintenance. need arises. e Test
Preventive maintenance 2. Routine check-up and 2. Making a checklist of
Safety measures and maintenance are performed. the conditions of the
practices in cleaning 3. Tools and equipment are tools and equipment.
and storing for stored in designated areas in 3. Doing regular
different farm tools, line with farm procedures. inspection of the tools
equipment and 4. Farm tools and equipment are and the cabinet/storing
facilities. regularly sharpened and oiled places.
Upkeep of equipment from time to time. 4. Doing an inventory of
tools and equipment
before and after use.
5. Perform operation
sheet 3.1

LESSON 2: PERFORMING ESTIMATION AND BASIC CALCULATION


Problem solving 1. Job requirements are LO1. Perform 1. Making a simple Written test 5 hours
procedures identified. estimation. project proposal to be Performanc

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K to 12 TECHNOLOGY AND LIVELIHOOD EDUCATION

AGRICULTURE/FISHERY HORTICULTURE
(Exploratory)
Learning
Content Standard Performance Standard Project/ Activities Assessment Duration
Competencies
Basic mathematical 2. Quantities of materials and able to determine e Test
operations resources required to complete through estimation Problem
Simple project proposal a work task are estimated. man-hour solving
making 3. Time needed to complete a requirement, needed
work activity is estimated. input, time frame,
Demonstrate understanding 4. Accurate estimate for work labor requirement, etc.
of/on: completion is made.

5. Estimate of materials and


resources are reported.
6. Determining the cost and
return of producing
horticultural crops.
7. Determining the profit/loss
using the four fundamental
operations.
8. Determining the price of a
product with the use of mark
up percentage.

Basic mathematical 1. Calculations to be made are LO2.Perform basic 1. Contest on reciting Written test 5 hours
operations identified according to job workplace units of measurement Performanc
Systems of measurement requirements. calculations. and conversion tables. e Test
Units of measurement 2. Correct method of calculation 2. Preparing project
Conversion of units is determined. proposal in a
Fractions and decimals 3. Systems and units of magnified manner.
Percentages and ratios measurement to be followed 3. Preparing the
Basic record keeping are ascertained. operating statement
4. Calculations needed to and cash flow.
complete work task are 4. Computing for the total

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K to 12 TECHNOLOGY AND LIVELIHOOD EDUCATION

AGRICULTURE/FISHERY HORTICULTURE
(Exploratory)
Learning
Content Standard Performance Standard Project/ Activities Assessment Duration
Competencies
performed using the four basic sales, total expenses
mathematical operations. and net profit or net
5. Appropriate operations are loss.
used to comply with the 5. Computing fertilizer
instruction amount of fertilizer.
6. Result obtained is reviewed
and thoroughly checked.

LESSON 3: INTERPRET PLANS AND DRAWINGS


Demonstrate understanding
on:

Farm plans and layout 1. Planting system is interpreted LO1.Interpret farm 1. Lay outing garden Written test 3 hours
Types of planting according to established farm plans and plots based on the Performanc
systems in horticultural procedures. layouts. measurement. e Test
crop production 2. Farm plans and layout are 2. Interpreting an orchard Checklist
Interpreting and reading designed according to crop plan and sketch. using
planting system grown. 3. Introducing the use of rubrics
Government plans 3. Site is staked according to planting board.
Staking procedures planting plan/system. 4. Constructing an ideal
Planting board plan for horticultural
crop production field.
Lay-out plan of irrigation 1. Irrigation system plan is LO2. Interpret 1. Sketching a plan on Written test 3 hours
system interpreted according to irrigation irrigation system to Performanc
Types of irrigation established procedures. plan and suit the topography of e Test
system 2. Different designs of irrigation design. the land.
systems are enumerated 2. Creating a miniature
according to standard irrigation canal based

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K to 12 TECHNOLOGY AND LIVELIHOOD EDUCATION

AGRICULTURE/FISHERY HORTICULTURE
(Exploratory)
Learning
Content Standard Performance Standard Project/ Activities Assessment Duration
Competencies
procedures. on the actual
measurement and use
ratio and proportion.

LESSON 4: APPLYING SAFETY MEASURES IN FARM OPERATIONS


Farm works that involves 1. Safety measures are applied LO1. Apply 1. Demonstrating proper Written 4 hours
using chemicals based on work requirement appropriate wearing of PPE. examination
Personal protective and farm procedures. safety 2. Conducting a lecture Interview
equipment used in farms 2. Tools and materials are measures forum on first aid.
utilized in accordance with while 3. Showing films on
specification and procedures. working in safety precaution.
Demonstrate understanding 3. Outfit is worn in accordance thefarm. 4. Conducting student
of/on: with farm requirements. reporting on hazards
4. Shelf life and/or expiration of in the farm.
Basic first aid materials are effectively 5. Organizing a
symposium on the
Farm emergency checked against
prevention of
procedures regarding manufacturers specifications.
5. Hazards in the workplace are accidents in the farm.
safety working
environment identified and reported in line
with farm guidelines
6. Emergency and accidents are
responded to and prevented.

Procedure in cleaning 1. Used tools and outfit are LO2.Safe keep/ 1. Making Written 3 hours
and storing tools and cleaned and stored in line with dispose posters/drawings examination
outfits farm procedure. tools, pertaining to proper Interview
Technique in storing 2. Unused materials are labeled materials disposal of waste
materials and chemicals and stored according to and outfit. materials.
Government requirement manufacturers 2. Conducting slogan

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K to 12 TECHNOLOGY AND LIVELIHOOD EDUCATION

AGRICULTURE/FISHERY HORTICULTURE
(Exploratory)
Learning
Content Standard Performance Standard Project/ Activities Assessment Duration
Competencies
regarding farm waste recommendation and farm making on the proper
disposal requirements. use of tools and
Waste management 3. Waste materials are disposed equipment.
system (FPA laws, according to manufacturers, 3. Make compost.
DENR laws, etc.) government and farm
requirements.
40 hours

By three methods we may learn wisdom: First, by reflection, which is noblest; second, by imitation, which is
easiest; and third by experience, which is the bitterest.

- Confucius

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