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2014-SCR Active Aftertreatment

Term Definition
Active Aftertreatment Active systems contain functional actuators of various types that must be
System controlled electronically in order for the system to provide the required
level of emission reduction. This system utilizes the continuous injection
of a chemical upstream of the catalyst to reduce NOx emissions.
Aftertreatment Methods of interaction with exhaust gas in order to reduce the levels of
pollutants emitted.
Air Solenoid Used to transport the Urea into the exhaust stream.
Air/Oil Filter Separator The Air/oil filter separator prevents damage or contamination of the SCR
systems air components.
Catalyst A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction.
Catalyst Can Container in the aftertreatment system that houses the catalyst.
Cubic Feet per Minute Rate of volumetric flow. Moves one cubic foot of air in one minutes time.
(CFM)
Diesel Oxidation Type of passive aftertreatment system that is a simple flow-through
Catalyst (DOC) system containing a catalyst that converts hydrocarbons (HCs) and NOx
to NO2 and water (H2O).
Dosing Systems System for the injection of a chemical reductant upstream of the catalyst.
Engine Derate A torque reducing feature intended to minimize or prevent engine
damage due to a system not functioning properly.
Exhaust Catalyst Type of passive aftertreatment system that uses a diesel oxidation
Assembly catalyst section plus a soot filter section that traps the particulate matter
or soot.
Exhaust Catalyst Often referred to as a brick, the Exhaust Catalyst Element is used in the
Element aftertreatment process.
Exhaust Gas Takes a portion of the exhaust gas, cools it, combines it with fresh air,
Recirculation (EGR) and returns it to the combustion chamber.
Exhaust Gas The Exhaust Gas Temperature Sensors measure the temperature of the
Temperature Sensors exhaust before and after the catalyst.
Exhaust Gas Electronic system that performs the monitoring and diagnostic function
Treatment Monitor Unit for the Aftertreatment system and signals dash-mounted warning lamps
Flex Section Non-rigid mounting system designed to allow some movement between
components.
Hydrocarbons Compounds of hydrogen and carbon that are byproducts of the
combustion process.
Hydrolyze The process of converting urea into ammonia molecules.
Micron Measurement that equals one millionth of a meter.
Nitrogen Oxide (NOx) A combination of nitrogen dioxide and nitric oxide that is a result of the
combustion process. High NOx levels cause smog and acid rain.
NPT Port Threaded port that allows for installation of an inspection device to
measure the backpressure in the exhaust system.
Parts Per Million (PPM) Is a measure of concentration that is used where low levels of
concentration are significant. The ppm value is equivalent to the absolute
fractional amount multiplied by one million.
Passive Aftertreatment Passive systems are simple "pass-through" systems that have no
System actuators and therefore, no requirement for electronic controls; passive
systems include the Exhaust Catalyst Assembly and the Diesel Oxide
Catalyst system (DOC).
QuickServe Online Cummins online service information system.
Selective Catalytic An aftertreatment system that introduces or doses a urea and water
Reduction (SCR) solution into the exhaust stream in order to improve catalytic action and
reduce NOx.
Thermistor A type of resistor containing semiconductors, which vary predictably and
rapidly with changes in temperature.
Urea Injection Nozzle The urea injection nozzle is fabricated from stainless steel with ceramic
insulation and four angle drilled spray holes and is used to deliver the
urea into the exhaust system.
Urea Solution Heater The Urea Solution Heater is an in tank feature that is used to keep the
urea from freezing.
Urea Solution The Urea Solution Level/Temperature Sensor monitors the level and
Level/Temperature temperature of the urea.
Sensor
Urea Tank The container used to store the Urea solution.