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CIE500Prof.GeorgeC.

Lee;340CBellHall

FRPComposites
for
BridgeApplications

September21,2009

JeromeS.OConnor,PE,F,ASCE
MCEERSeniorProgramOfficer,TransportationResearch
UniversityatBuffalo
Definition
FRP:FiberReinforcedPolymer
Composite:Amanmade(i.e.engineered)
materialthatcombinestwoormore
componentstomakeamaterialwith
improvedpropertiesovereitherofthetwo
individualconstituents.Eachofthetwo
componentsworksinharmonywiththe
other(s)butretaintheirownchemicaland
physicalproperties.
Outline
I.FRPBasics
II.CivilEngineeringApplications
Rebar (ppt)
SeismicRetrofitting(goto)
AerodynamicImprovement(goto)
ConcreteStrengtheningusingsheet,rods,strips,
plates(TechniquesforstrengtheningsteelwithFRPisstillevolving)
Beams
ColumnsCourtSt
OverheadSignStructureRepair(goto)
CulvertRelining(goto)
BridgeDecksBentley
BridgeSuperstructuresNewOregon PR139
III. Handouts & References (go to)
GeneralFRPApplications
AerospaceApplications

787
BridgeoftheFuture
Longlife
Less$
Fast
Minimalmaintenance
Shockresistant
Adaptable
(Reducedcarbonfootprint)
AvailableFRPProducts
Concretereinforcement(2)
ExternalConcreteReinforcement
Fibersheets(8)
Nearsurfacemountedrodsandstrips(3)
FRPdecks(8)
FRPsuperstructures(6)
Repairkitsforaluminumoverheadsignstructures(2)
Liningsforexistingculverts(3)
Structuralshapes(4)
ExamplesofComposites
GFRP(glassfiberreinforcedpolymer)
CFRP(carbonfiberreinforcedpolymer)
AFRP(aramidfiberreinforcedpolymer)
Woodwithcellulosefibersisanaturalcomposite
Reinforcedconcreteusessteelreinforcingina
cementandaggregatematrix
Renewablematerials(naturalfibersuchashemp
combinedwithbioresins)
MMC(metalmatrixcomposite)
CMC(ceramicmatrixcomposite)
ECC(engineeredcementitiouscomposite,aka
bendableconcrete)
Definition
FRP=FiberReinforcedPolymerComposite

Carbon
EGlass Epoxy
Aramid VinylEster
Phenolics Polyester
thermoset

Eachcomponentretainsitownpropertiesyetactinconcertwith oneanother.
Advantages
Lightweight(highstrengthtoweightratio)
Corrosionresistant
Chemicalresistant
Anisotropic
Hightensilestrength
Fatigueresistant Steelbridgebeam
Potentialforgood,consistentquality
Engineerable
Nonmagnetic
Advantages
HybridUsee.g.Enhanceconcretecompressivestrength
Disadvantages
Higherinitialmaterial cost
Civilengineerstypicallyhavelittleeducation
andexperiencewithcomposites;Contractors
andconstructioncrewsareveryfamiliarwith
concrete,steel,asphaltandlesssowithFRP
Failureoffibersisnotductile
Moresophisticateddesignissometimes
needed(e.g.FiniteElementAnalysis,FEA)
DesignConsiderations
Lowshearstrengthrelativetotensile
Lowmodulusofelasticity(~stiffness)
Susceptibletocreepundersustainedloading
NeedsUVprotection
Anisotropic
Theoreticallyengineerable(maynotbe
practicalinpractice;standarddesignsmaybe
morecosteffective)
ManufacturingMethods
Filamentwinding(usedmainlyforpipes)
HandLayup
Pultrusion
VacuumAssistedResinTransferMolding
(VARTM)

Shopfabricationvs.field
ManufacturingMethods
Pultrusion

shaping puller
and
heating die
creel
resin tank video

Fibersinpultrusionsarepredominatelyunidirectional(longitudinal).
ManufacturingProcesses
OpenMoldhandlayup
ManufacturingMethods
VARTM
StrengthDeterminedby
Typeoffiber
Typeofresin
Fibervolumefraction
Fiberorientation
QCduringmanufacturing
RateofCuring
Postcure
Somecomposites,especiallyoneusedfor
aerospaceapplicationsareheatedto
acceleratethecureandincreaseitsstrength
Fieldapplicationsonbridges(suchascolumn
wrapping)typicallydonotgetapostcure
PROPERTIES
Thermoplasticvs.Thermoset
Thermoplastic:resinhasameltingtemperature
atwhichitturnstoaliquid.Itcanberecooledto
formasolidagain.Thermoplasticresinsare
easilyrecyclable.
Thermoset:aliquidresinhardensonlyafter
additionofacatalystinanonreversiblechemical
reaction.Itdoesnotmeltintoaliquidahigh
temperaturesbuthasaglasstransition
temperature(Tg)atwhichthemechanical
propertieschangeanditloosestrength.Most
civilapplicationsusethermosetcomposites.
LinearElastic
Fibersdonotexhibitductilitypriortorupture
Linearelasticuntilfailure
Moment vs. FRP Stress/Strain
FRP Strain (microstrain)

0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000


5000
559.0 100%

Percentage of Ultimate
4000
80%
Moment (kN*m)

3000
60%

2000 40%

1000 111.8 20%


21.5 59.7
0 18.1 0%
0 100 200 300 400 500 600
FRP Stress (MPa)

Ultimate Allowable (20% of Ultimate)


At Concrete Allowable Stress Total Design Loads with impact
Adjusted Design Loads based on Load Testing
Creep
Deformation(i.e.deflection)undersustained
load
Canleadtocreeprupture(suddenfailure)
Potentialproblemscanbeavoidedbykeeping
deadloadstresses<2030%ofFRPultimate
tensilestrength
Anisotropic
Stiffness
StiffnessisdrivenbyModulusofElasticityE
foragivenMomentofInertiaI
BendingRigidity=EI
Ecanvary
CFRPcanhaveahigherEthansteel
GFRPhasalowE.Despitethis,GFRPis
typicallyusedforbulkapplicationsbecauseof
cost
MaterialCharacteristics
Determinedby

Typeoffiber
Typeofresin
Fibervolumefraction
Fiberorientation
QCduringmanufacturing
RateofCuring
FiberArchitecture
Typeoffiber
Weavevs.unidirectional
Numberoflayers
Fiberorientation
VoidRatio(want<1%)
Fibercontent
%byweight convenientforfabricatortouse
%byvolume determinesstrengthandlongterm
durability
ThefibersaretheloadcarryingcomponentoftheFRPsothe
higherthefiberdensity,thehigherthestrengthofthe
composite
Densermaterialreducesthepotentialforwaterintrusion
%Fiberbyvolume
100%isnotphysicallypossible
Resintakesupspace
Evendrypackingfiberswouldresultinvoids
betweenfibers
Typical
Highgradeaerospace:50%75%
Civilapplications
Pultrudedinfactory:30%60%
Fieldapplication:25%30%
VARTM
ThermalProperties
Differentfrommaterialsconventionallyused
incivilworksprojects
Differentbehaviorineachdirection
CFRPcoefficientofthermalexpansion(CTE)is
negative
ThermalProperties

Nov13,20019:30am
SampleTemperatureGradient

Temperaturereadingsat248/BennettsCreek6/1BIN1043150
SampleTemperatureGradient
Temperaturereadingsat248/BennettsCreek6/1BIN1043150
Bottomskin Topwearing Difference
temperaturein surface
F temperaturein
Time F(blackcolor)
7:30 AM 62 64 2
8:00 AM 63 70 7
8:30 AM 63 74 11
9:00 AM 62 87 25
9:30 AM 66 105 39
10:00 AM 68 119 51
10:30 AM 70 128 58
11:15 AM 72 138 66
12:00 PM 74 148 74
1:00 PM 73 150 77

POSSIBLERESULTS:1)Panelcanhog;2)Highthermalstresses
Hygral
Hygralexpansionandrelaxationshrinkage
Needtopreventwaterintakefromextended
immersionorhighhumidity
Fatigue
FRPisgoodinfatiguebutgoodqualitycontrol
duringfabricationisessentialtogettinggood
results.
Testedandusedextensivelyinother
industries(aerospace,military,sports)
Connections
Bonded(examplesofadhesivesarelisted
below)
ITWsPlexus(methylmethacrylate)
AshlandsPliogrip(polyurethane)
ProSet(twopartepoxy)
Loctite,3M,Permabond(acrylic)
Mechanical
Hybrid
PropertiesTimeDependant
Materialsdegradeovertime(~5%over100
yearlife)
Accountforthisusingknockdown factors
formaterialproperties
Fire&HeatResistance

Willnotsupportflamespreadduetolackofoxygen
andhigh%offiber
ResinsoftensatGlassTransitionTemperature(Tg)
e.g.150250degrees
At480degreesF,testsshow20%strengthreductio
AtTg bondstrengthmayreduceby40%
vs.Steel&Concrete
FRPvs.Steel
Can have greater Standard grades
ultimate strength
Linearly elastic until Elastic until yield point
failure, i.e. no yielding
Sudden brittle failure Exhibits ductility in
plastic range
Shear strength typically Shear strength is of
1/25 of tensile tensile
Low E and low stiffness E = 29,000,000 psi

Uni directional properties isotropic


MaterialCharacteristics
TensileStrength

ksi
E-glass Carbon Aramid Steel Concrete

70 to 230 87 to 535 250 to 70 to NA


368 100

perASTMD3039
MaterialCharacteristics
UltimateTensileStrength

300
250
200

ksi 150
100
50
0
HP Steel E-Glass Carbon
MaterialCharacteristics
RuptureStrain

% at failure

E-glass Carbon Aramid Steel Concrete

1.2 to 3.1 0.5 to 1.7 1.9 to 4.4 6 to 12 NA


MaterialCharacteristics
Density
0.3
0.25
0.2

pci 0.15
0.1
0.05
0
HP Steel E-Glass Carbon

FRPdensityisapproximately1/5thatofsteel
MaterialCharacteristics
CoefficientofThermalExpansion(CTE)

CTE, X 10-6/F

E-glass Carbon Aramid Steel Concrete

Longitudinal 3.3 to -4 to 0 -3.3 to 6.5 5.5


5.6 -1.1
Transverse 11.7 to 41 to 33.3 to 6.5 5.5
12.8 58 44.4
Anisotropicsoverydifferentpropertiesparalleland
perpendiculartothefibers
NegativeCTEmeansmaterialshrinksastemperature
rises
MaterialCharacteristics
E:ModulusofElasticity

E, X 10-3 ksi

E-glass Carbon Aramid Steel Concrete

3.3 to 15.9 to 6 to 18.2 29 NA


5.6 84
Typ.StressStrainRelationship
Stress
Carbon

Eglass
i s
0p
,00
00

Steel
5
3,
E =

Strain
Esteel=29,000,000psi
MaterialCharacteristics
CostforyieldStrength

$0.0160

$0.0140

$0.0120

$0.0100

$0.0080

$0.0060

$0.0040

$0.0020

$0.0000
Carbon/epoxy rod Glass/polyester High Strength HPS 485W Steel A588 Steel
rod Steel bar
BRIDGEAPPLICATIONS
Outline
I.FRPBasics
II.CivilEngineeringApplications
Rebar (ppt)
SeismicRetrofitting(goto)
AerodynamicImprovement(goto)
ConcreteStrengtheningusingsheet,rods,strips,
plates(TechniquesforstrengtheningsteelwithFRPisstillevolving)
Beams
ColumnsCourtSt
OverheadSignStructureRepair(goto)
CulvertRelining(goto)
BridgeDecksBentley
BridgeSuperstructuresNewOregon PR139
III.Handouts&References(goto)
Seismic
ColumnWrap
Addsconfinement
Improvesshear
Improvesductility
Reducespossibilityoflapsplicefailure
http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/bridge/frp/calcomp.htm
UBInfillpanels
Concretearchretrofit
Seismic

Infillpanel

UniversityatBuffalosLee,Aref,Kitane
Seismic
UBInfillpanels Piercap

Piercolumn
Seismic

WoodlawnViaduct,NY
byR.J.Watson/Fyfe
Aerodynamics

BronxWhitestoneBridge,NYC
byHardcoreComposites
StrengtheningConcrete

MaintenanceApplications
Beams
Columns
Strengthening
Columnwrappingfordeterioration
Concretearchrehabilitation
StrengtheningConcrete
Beams

Strengthening
Toincreaseloadcapacity
Deficientdesign
StrengtheningConcrete
Columns

Strengthening
Improvingductility
Columnwrappingfordeterioration
CourtSt.evaluation
RailroadoverI86
StrengtheningConcrete
CourtSt.Columns

CourtSt.PPT
StrengtheningConcrete
I86 Columns

RailroadoverI86
StrengtheningConcrete
Columns

Sealingthetop
TypicalHumidityData
PIER 3 RIGHT COLUMN

120

100
AMBIENT
HUMIDITY (%)

80
BEGIN
60 SIDE
END
40 SIDE
RIGHT
20 SIDE

0
9/98 3/99 10/99 4/00 11/00 5/01
Date Recorded
SampleCorrosionData

PIER 5 LEFT COLUMN


CORROSION SENSORS
Corrosion Rate (mils per year)

8
7
BEGIN
6 SIDE
5
END
4 SIDE
3 RIGHT
2 SIDE
1
0
9/98 3/99 10/99 4/00 11/00 5/01
Date Recorded
Repairof
OverheadSignStructures

Issues
Agingaluminumstructuresnotoriginally
designedforfatigue
Poorwelds
Fatiguecracking
Brokenwelds
>10%oftrussesinspectedhaddamage
1999fatality
RepairofOverheadSignStructures
Repairof
OverheadSignStructures
Repairof
OverheadSignStructures
Repairof
OverheadSignStructures
Repairof
OverheadSignStructures
Repairof
OverheadSignStructures
Repairof
OverheadSignStructures

Benefits
MaybeusedtotemporarilyrepairanOSS(may
provetobealongtermrepair)
Timeefficient(<3hours/joint)
Personnelefficient(3workers)
Costeffective(<$3,000/joint)
Allowsreplacementstobescheduled,rather
thanonemergencybasis
Repairof
OverheadSignStructures

Resources
HarryWhite,NYSDOT (518)4851148
FranzWorth,AirLogisticsCorp.(626)6330297
SarahWitt,FyfeCo.(858)6420694
AASHTOTechnologyImplementationGroup
http://www.dot.state.ny.us/tech_serv/trdb/files/winter2003.pdf
CulvertRelining
ErieCounty,NY
Buffalo,NY

DickRoadCulvertBR3174overUCrestDitch
ErieCountyNYTownofCheektowaga
ProblemStatement

1. Replaceorrelinecorrodedsteelmulti
platearchonconcretefootings.

2.Maintain38,500vehiclesperday.
Solution

Relinetheexistingstructurewithan
fiberreinforcedpolymer(FRP)liner
toavoiddisruptionoftraffic.
CulvertRelining
ErieCounty,NY
CulvertRelining
FRPinsert
CulvertRelining
FRPInserts
CulvertRelining
CulvertRelining

$300,000constructioncost
DECKS&SUPERSTRUCTURES
FRPBridgeDecks

CPSuperDeck CPSuperDeck gen2

BPProDeck8 BPProDeck4
FRPBridgeDecks

HardcoreComposites
MMCDuraspan

xxx xxx
Deckdesignconsiderations
Deck&SuperstructureDesign
Considerations(1)
StandardAASHTOdesignvehicle(HS20,HS25,HL93)
AllowableStressDesign(ASD)used
InASD,thememberisselectedsothattheareaandmomentof
inertiaarelargeenoughtopreventthemaximuminducedstressand
deflectionfromexceedingtheallowablevalues.
Deflectioncriteria
L/800istypicalforendsupportedsuperstructureslab(global
deflection)
Stringersupportedbridgesarepredesignedbythesupplier.(S/ 500)
(deckdeflectioninrelationtostringers)
AllowablestresslimitsforDL(10%)&DL/LL/impact(20%
Connectionstostringers
Compositebehaviorvs.needtoavoidcracking
Composite behavior can be obtained between FRP deck and
steel stringer using shear studs, but the composite moment of
inertia is only 7% higher than that of steel plate girder moment of
inertia
Deck&SuperstructureDesign
Considerations(2)
Fieldjointsbetweenpanels
Bridgejointsatendofbridgeoroverpiers
Drainage
Crossslope
Scuppers
Curbs
Easeofinstallation,specialcutouts
Wearingsurface
Bridgerailing
Fatigue
SpecialDetails
Drainage

Crossslope
Scuppers
Curbs
Haunch
Connections
EndBearingSlab
1 dowelasanchorrod
DecktoSteelConnections
StudShearConnectors
SClips
Boltedconnection
Adhesives
Poprivets
NoncompositeConnections

Sclips
Zclips
CompositeConnections
Studshearconnectors
StudSearConnectors

Formedhaunch
StudShearConnectors
StudShearConnectors
BoltedConnection
Adhesives
PopRivets

1/2"(13mm)BOM blindbolts,byHuckInternational,Inc.,
mechanicallyfastenthedecktothesteelbeams.
ConnectiontoConcrete
FieldJoints
Awetlayuptoreinforcethejointhasbeen
foundtobeeffectiveinreducingreflective
cracksovertheadhesivejointsbetween
panels
WearingSurface
Wearing Surfaces
Polymer Concrete (thin, watertight but not as familiar)
48% of projects
1) Epoxies
2) Polyesters
3) MMA
Asphalt (heavy & porous but easy & familiar)
41% of projects
1) 2 Superpave
2) 1/2 microsurfacing
3) polymer modified asphalt
PCC or Latex modified Portland cement concrete
11% of projects
PrototypeWearingSurface
developedforNYSDOTbyR.AboutahaatSyracuseUniversity

PerformanceObjectives
Permanentbond
Skidresistance,durability,protectionofFRP

1 Polymer Modified
Concrete (for wear)

3/8 Polymer
Concrete (for bond)

FRP deck surface


BridgeRailing
OverviewofExperienceintheU.S.
with
FRPDecks&Superstructures

JeromeS.OConnor,P.E.,F,ASCE
jso7@buffalo.edu
SampleFRPDeckSections
SampleFRPSuperstructures
E.T.Techtonics

Pedestrianbridges
Why?
Doesntrust,crack,spall,orrot

Salttakesitstoll
Wheretheyare
Manufacturers *

* hassuppliedonly1or2
Suppliers
1. MartinMariettaComposites(NC)30
2. HardcoreComposites(DE)28
3. CreativePultrusions(PA)9
4. KansasStructuralComposites(KS)9
5. BedfordPlastics(PA)6
6. Strongwell(VA)5
7. Webcore,FRS,ICI,MFG,Wagner,others
ManufacturingProcesses

andwichConstructionvs.Pultrusion
ManufacturingProcesses
1. VARTM(vacuumassistedresintransfer
molding)
2. Openmoldhandlayup
3. Pultrusion
ManufacturingProcesses
Manufacturing Ability to Adherence to Attractive Ability to Overall
method custo dimension cost incorpora quali
mize al te special ty
tolerance features
(e.g.
scuppers)

1. Pultrusion L H L L H

2. VARTM H L H H M

3. Open mold H M H M M
ManufacturingProcesses
Pultrusion
MartinMariettaComposites

75/8 deep
Creative Pultrusions
BedfordPlasticsInc.

Prodeck8

Prodeck4
Strongwell
KansasStructuralComposites,Inc.
HardcoreComposites
ZellComp
CompositeAdvantage
Solidlaminatesorsandwichconstructionwith
fiberglassskinssurroundingafiberreinforced
foamcore
TrendtowardHybrids
Hybrids
AmjadArefshybriddeck,UniversityatBuffalo
ErieCountysAustraliansuperstructure
NiagaraCountystimberFRPconcrete
Hybrids

Concretedeck

Glulam
Timberbeam

FRPlaminate

NiagaraCountysTimberFRPlaminateConcrete
Hybrids

UniversityatBuffalosHybriddeckconductedbyProf.AmjadAref
(developmentsponsoredbyNYSDOT)
Hybrids
65 MPa Concrete

Neutral
Axis

2.1m
Webs built up from
100 x 100 Pultrusions
GFRP Tensile Flange

ErieCounty AustralianHybridSuperstructure
Survey
InformationCollected
68%usedIBRCorotherspecialfunding
theprojectswerenewconstruction
FRPdeckswereattachedtosteelstringers
(95%),concretegirders,FRPbeams
DesignliveloadHS20orHS25+impact
Largestdeckarea=11,970SF
Highesttrafficvolume=30,000vpd
DeckWeight
200
180
160
140
120
psf

100
80
60
40
20
0
Old Conc. Fill- Grid FRP 4"
Grid

Deck Type
DeckCost

Material Cost Installed

$65-75 / sf $70-85 / sf
8 deck

$35-60 / sf $45-70 /sf


4-5 deck
Cost/SF
$140

$120

$100

$80
$ / SF
$60 Installed
$40

$20
$0
Bennetts Schroon Dyke LaChein

ProjectswithFRPDeckonSteel
BestApplications
ReplaceHeavyDecks

Before
Inventory Operating
HS 12 HS 18
(22 Tons) (33 Tons)
After
Inventory Operating
HS 23 HS 34
(42 Tons) (61 Tons)
ReplaceLightDecks

SouthBroadStreetoverDykeCreek,
Wellsville,NYOct.2000
HardcoreComposites
MaintainHistoricStructures

NYRoute418overSchroonRiver,
Warrensburg,NYNov.2000
MartinMariettaComposites
BuildemFast

Accelerated
bridge
constructionin
hightrafficareas
enhancessafety

Rte.248overBennettsCreek
Rexville,NYSept.1998
HardcoreComposites
DIYBridges

LaCheinBridge
Monroe,WV2002
BedfordReinforcedPlastics
ReduceSeismicVulnerability

SchuylerHeimBridge,LongBeachCA
MartinMariettaComposites
MoveableBridges

Lewis&ClarkBridge,OR
MartinMariettaComposites
ReduceEnvironmentalImpact

E.T.Techtonics
PedestrianBridges
1. 300+/ inUSA
2. 80%byE.T.Techtonics,20%byothers
3. BridgeCost~$60/SF
4. DraftGuideSpec
Outline
I.FRPBasics
II.CivilEngineeringApplications
Rebar (ppt)
SeismicRetrofitting(goto)
AerodynamicImprovement(goto)
ConcreteStrengtheningusingsheet,rods,strips,plates
(TechniquesforstrengtheningsteelwithFRPisstillevolving)
Beams
ColumnsCourtSt
OverheadSignStructureRepair(goto)
CulvertRelining(goto)
BridgeDecksBentley
BridgeSuperstructuresNewOregon PR
139
III.Handouts&References(goto)
TESTING,
INSPECTION,&
STRUCTURALHEALTHMONITORING
StructuralHealthMonitoring(SHM)
TheimportanceofSHMisbecomingmore
apparentasourolderbridgesarekeptin
servicelonger
ItiseasytoincorporatesensorsinFRPatthe
timeofmanufacture(e.g.fiberopticstrain
sensors)
Inspection
Whattolookfor?(integrityofjointsand
connections,waterintrusion,debonding,
delaminating)
Infraredthermographyasatool
Loadtesting
Taptest
NCHRPProject1064Report564Field
InspectionofInServiceFRPBridgeDecks
Video248debondingofbottomfaceskin
Video240debondingoftopfaceskin
InfraredThermography
NY248/BennettsCr
POTENTIALPROBLEMS
WearingSurfaceCracking&Debonding
NY367/BentleyCr
WearingSurfaceCracking
WearingSurfaceDebonding
WearingSurfaceDebonding
NY367/BentleyMarch2009
ThermalIncompatibility
WearingSurfaceDebonding
(fromConcrete)

Propersurfacepreparationisessential
Extremelydrysurfaceneeded
TapTestofBottomFaceskin
NY248/BennettsCr

Markstaptest
TapTestofEpoxyInjectionRepair
DebondedSandwichSection
andWaterIntake

Video12 3 4
Insufficientwetoutoffibers
RESOURCES
Resources
FHWAVirtualTeamwebsite
NCHRPprojectreports
DOTswebsites
DOTresearchreports
DOTprojectsummaries(e.g.NY,WV)
Conferenceproceedings(e.g.WV)
ASCEJournal
Othertradejournals
Resources
1. FHWAFRPVirtualTeamwebsite
2. WVUbiennialconferenceandpast
proceedings)
3. NYSDOTsresearchreports,e.g.wearing
surfacesforFRPdecks
4. WVandNYSprojectsummaries
5. FormerMDAprojectlist
6. SummarypaperforTRBIntlBrConf(IBEC
0020)
Resources
FHWA

LouisN.Triandafilou,P.E.
TeamLeader,FRPVirtualTeam
FederalHighwayAdministration

Phone:(410)9623648
Fax:(410)9624586
Email:lou.triandafilou@dot.gov
Resources
SyracuseMaintenanceManual

GuideforMaintenanceandRehabilitationof
ConcreteBridgeComponentswithFRP
Composites ResearchintoPractice

RiyadS.Aboutaha,PhD.,FACI
SyracuseUniversity
Resources
ReinforcedPlasticsdecks&SSsummary

ReinforcedPlastics,ElsevierLtd.

JeromeOConnor.PE,F,ASCE
UniversityatBuffalo
Resources
(listfordecks&superstructures)

FRP Deck Suppliers


http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/bridge/frp/decksupl.htm

FRP Completed Projects


http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/bridge/frp/deckproj.htm
Resources
ACMA

JohnBusel,
Director,CompositesGrowthInitiative
AmericanCompositesManufacturersAssociation

(703)5250511
jbusel@acmanet.org
Resources
ACI440
440.1R06:GuidefortheDesignandConstructionofStructuralConcrete ReinforcedwithFRPBars
440.2R08:GuidefortheDesignandConstructionofExternallyBondedFRPSystemsfor
StrengtheningConcreteStructures
440.3R04:GuideTestMethodsforFiberReinforcedPolymers(FRPs)forReinforcingorStrengthening
ConcreteStructures
440.4R04:Prestressing ConcreteStructureswithFRPTendons
440.508:SpecificationforConstructionwithFiberReinforcedPolymerReinforcingBars
440.5M08:SpecificationforConstructionwithFiberReinforcedPolymerReinforcingBars(Metric)
440.608:SpecificationforCarbonandGlassFiberReinforcedPolymerBarMaterialsforConcrete
Reinforcement
440.6M08:SpecificationforCarbonandGlassFiberReinforcedPolymerBarMaterialsforConcrete
Reinforcement(Metric)
440R07:ReportonFiberReinforcedPolymer(FRP)ReinforcementforConcreteStructures
SP215:FieldApplicationsofFRPReinforcement:CaseStudies
SP245CD:(CDROM)CaseHistoriesandUseofFRPforPrestressingApplications
SP257CD:(CDROM)FRPStayInPlaceFormsforConcreteStructures
SP258CD:(CDROM)Seismic StrengtheningofConcreteBuildingsUsingFRPComposites

http://www.concrete.org/COMMITTEES/committeehome.asp?committee_code=000044000
Resources
Additional

NCHRP0427ApplicationofAdvanced
CompositestotheHighwayInfrastructure:
StrategicPlan
NCHRP1064FieldInspectionofInservice
FRPBridgeDecks(UniversityofWisconsin,
Madison)
FHWADTFH6100C00021,22Acceptance
TestSpecificationsforFRPBridgeDecksand
Superstructures(WVU&GeorgiaTech)
http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/bridge/frp/deckprac.ht
m
Resources
Handouts

NewOregonRoadtrifoldbrochure
Samplecolumnwrapdesign
ReinforcedPlasticsdecks&superstructures
article
JeromeS.OConnor,P.E.F,ASCE
jso7@buffalo.edu
(716)6455155