Anda di halaman 1dari 4

2017615 Unity(gameengine)Wikipedia

Unity(gameengine)
FromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

UnityisacrossplatformgameenginedevelopedbyUnity
Unity
Technologies,[6]whichisprimarilyusedtodevelopvideogamesand
simulationsforcomputers,consolesandmobiledevices.Firstannounced
onlyforOSX,atApple'sWorldwideDevelopersConferencein2005,it
hassincebeenextendedtotarget27platforms.[7][8]

FivemajorversionsofUnityhavebeenreleased,withthe6thversion
currentlyinBeta.Atthe2006WWDCshow,ApplenamedUnityasthe
runnerupforitsBestUseofMacOSXGraphicscategory.

Contents
1 Overview
2 Licenses
3 History Developer(s) UnityTechnologies
4 Marketing Initialrelease 1.0/June8,2005
5 Seealso
6 References Stablerelease 5.6.1f1/May12,2017
7 Externallinks Writtenin
C,C++(Runtime)

C#,UnityScript, [1]Boo(Unity
Overview
API)[2]
Unityismarketedtobeanallpurposeengine,andasaresultsupportsboth Operatingsystem Creation
2Dand3Dgraphics,draganddropfunctionalityandscriptingthroughits Deployment
3customlanguages.TheenginetargetsthefollowingAPIs:Direct3Dand Deprecated(v5.3)
VulkanonWindowsandXbox360OpenGLonMac,Linux,and [5]
WindowsOpenGLESonAndroidandiOSandproprietaryAPIson
videogameconsoles.Within2Dgames,Unityallowsimportationof Platform IA32,x8664,ARM
spritesandanadvanced2Dworldrenderer.For3Dgames,Unityallows Availablein English
specificationoftexturecompressionandresolutionsettingsforeach
Type Gameengine
platformthatthegameenginesupports,[7]andprovidessupportforbump
mapping,reflectionmapping,parallaxmapping,screenspaceambient License Proprietary
occlusion(SSAO),dynamicshadowsusingshadowmaps,renderto Website unity3d.com(https://unity3d.co
textureandfullscreenpostprocessingeffects.[9]Unityalsooffersservices m/)
todevelopers,theseare:UnityAds,UnityAnalytics,UnityCertification,
UnityCloudBuild,UnityEveryplay,UnityIAP,UnityMultiplayer,Unity
PerformanceReportingandUnityCollaboratewhichisinbeta.

Unityisnotableforitsabilitytotargetgamestomultipleplatforms.CurrentlysupportedplatformsareAndroid,[10]Android
TV,FacebookGameroom,FireOS,GearVR,GoogleCardboard,GoogleDaydream,HTCVive,iOS,Linux,macOS,
MicrosoftHololens,Nintendo3DSline,[11][12][13]NintendoSwitch,[14]OculusRift,PlayStation4,PlayStationVita,
PlayStationVR,SamsungSmartTV,Tizen,tvOS,Wii,WiiU,Windows,WindowsPhone,WindowsStore,WebGL,Xbox
360,andXboxOne.Unityformerlysupported5otherplatformsincludingit'sownUnityWebPlayer.UnityWebPlayerwas
abrowserpluginthatwassupportedinWindowsandOSXonly,[15]whichhasbeendeprecatedinfavorofWebGL.[4]

Unityisthedefaultsoftwaredevelopmentkit(SDK)forNintendo'sWiiUvideogameconsoleplatform,withafreecopy
includedbyNintendowitheachWiiUdeveloperlicense.UnityTechnologiescallsthisbundlingofathirdpartySDKan
"industryfirst".[16][17]

Licenses
Unitycomeswithfourlicenseoptions.[18]Hereisthelistofallavailablelicensesandtheirdifferences:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unity_(game_engine) 1/4
2017615 Unity(gameengine)Wikipedia

All Source
Engine Cloud Code
License Splash Revenue Performance
Features Build Multiplayer And Price
Name Screen Capacity Reporting
and Queue Premium
Platforms Support
Made
Personal Yes With Standard 20CCUs $100,000 No No Free
Unity
Custom
$35
Plus Yes Animation Priority 50CCUs $200,000 Yes No
Monthly
OrNone
Custom
Concurrent $125
Pro Yes Animation 200CCUs Unlimited Yes Yes
Builds Monthly
OrNone
Custom Dedicated
Custom Negotiated
Enterprise Yes Animation Build Unlimited Yes Yes
Multiplayer Pricing
OrNone Agents

History
In2012,VentureBeatsaid,"Fewcompanieshavecontributedasmuchtotheflowingofindependentlyproducedgamesas
UnityTechnologies....Morethan1.3milliondevelopersareusingitstoolstocreategeewhizgraphicsintheiriOS,Android,
console,PC,andwebbasedgames....Unitywantstobetheengineformultiplatformgames,period."[16]

FortheAppleDesignAwardsatthe2006WWDCtradeshow,Apple,Inc.namedUnityastherunnerupforitsBestUseof
MacOSXGraphicscategory,ayearafterUnity'slaunchatthesametradeshow.[19]UnityTechnologiessaysthisisthefirst
timeagamedesigntoolhaseverbeennominatedforthisaward.[20]AMay2012surveybyGameDevelopermagazine
indicatedUnityasitstopgameengineformobileplatforms.[21]InJuly2014,Unitywonthe"BestEngine"awardattheUK's
annualDevelopIndustryExcellenceAwards.[22]

Unity5wasmetwithsimilarpraise,withTheVergestatingthat"Unitystartedwiththegoalofmakinggamedevelopment
universallyaccessible....Unity5isalongawaitedsteptowardsthatfuture."[23]

FollowingthereleaseofUnity5,UnityTechnologiesdrewsomecriticismforthehighvolumeofquicklyproducedgames
publishedontheSteamdistributionplatformbyinexperienceddevelopers.[24]CEOJohnRiccitiellosaidinaninterviewthat
hebelievesthistobeasideeffectofUnity'ssuccessindemocratizinggamedevelopment:"IfIhadmyway,I'dliketosee50
millionpeopleusingUnityalthoughIdon'tthinkwe'regoingtogetthereanytimesoon.I'dliketoseehighschooland
collegekidsusingit,peopleoutsidethecoreindustry.Ithinkit'ssadthatmostpeopleareconsumersoftechnologyandnot
creators.Theworld'sabetterplacewhenpeopleknowhowtocreate,notjustconsume,andthat'swhatwe'retryingto
promote."[25]

InDecember2016,UnityTechnologiesannouncedthattheywillchangetheversioningnumberingsystemforUnityfrom
sequencebasedidentifierstoyearofreleasetoaligntheversioningwiththeirmorefrequentreleasecadence.[26]

Marketing
OnDecember16,2013,UnityTechnologiesJapanrevealednewscreenshotsforanofficialmascotcharacternamedUnity
chan(Yunitichan),realnameKohakutori(toriKohaku)(voicedbyAsukaKakumoto),
withexhibitofthecharacterinComicMarket85eventintheTokyoBigSightbetweenDecember29tothe31st,where
themedgoodswouldbedistributedandhervoiceactresswouldbepresentattheevent.Thecharacter'sassociatedgamedata
weretobereleasedinspring2014.[27][28][29]ThecharacterwasdesignedbyUnityTechnologiesJapandesigner'ntny'asan
opensourceheroinecharacter.[30]ThecompanyallowstheuseofUnitychanandrelatedcharactersinsecondaryprojects
undercertainlicenses.[31]Forexample,UnitychanappearsasaplayablecharacterinRunbow.[32]Thepopularityofthe
characteralsoledtoherappearanceinVOCALOIDadaptions,includingherownsoundlibraryforVOCALOID4anda
specialadaptionofVOCALOIDdesignedtoworkwiththeUnityEngine5.0versioncalledUnitywithVOCALOID.

Seealso
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unity_(game_engine) 2/4
2017615 Unity(gameengine)Wikipedia

Listofgameengines
ListofUnitygames
ListofWebGLframeworks

References
1."UnityScriptversusJavaScript"(http://wiki.unity3d.com/index.php/UnityScript_versus_JavaScript).UnifyCommunityWiki.
RetrievedMarch12,2016.
2.IsUnityEnginewritteninMono/C#?orC++(http://answers.unity3d.com/questions/9675/isunityenginewritteninmonocorc.htm
l)
3."UnityComestoLinux:ExperimentalBuildNowAvailable"(http://blogs.unity3d.com/2015/08/26/unitycomestolinuxexperimenta
lbuildnowavailable/).UnityTechnologiesBlog.
4."UnityWebPlayerRoadmap"(http://blogs.unity3d.com/2015/10/08/unitywebplayerroadmap/).UnityTechnologiesBlog.
5."SystemRequirements"(http://unity3d.com/unity/systemrequirements).UnityTechnologies.
6.Riccitiello,John(October23,2014)."JohnRiccitiellosetsouttoidentifytheengineofgrowthforUnityTechnologies(interview)"
(http://venturebeat.com/2014/10/23/johnriccitiellosetsouttoidentifytheengineofgrowthforunitytechnologiesinterview/).
VentureBeat(Interview).InterviewwithDeanTakahashi.RetrievedJanuary18,2015.
7."UnityMultiplatform"(http://unity3d.com/unity/multiplatform/).RetrievedAugust4,2015.
8."HowUnity3Dbecameagamedevelopmentbeast"(http://slashdot.org/topic/cloud/howunity3dbecomeagamedevelopment
beast/).Slashdot.org.Dice.June3,2013.RetrievedJuly13,2014.
9."UsingDirectX11inUnity4"(http://docs.unity3d.com/Documentation/Manual/DirectX11.html).UnityTechnologies.Retrieved
February19,2013.
10."ReleaseNotesofUnity5.3.1"(http://unity3d.com/unity/whatsnew/unity5.3.1).unity3d.com.December18,2015.Retrieved
January5,2016.
11."UNITYTOSUPPORTNEWNINTENDO3DSANDNEWNINTENDO3DSXL"(https://unity3d.com/company/publicrelations/
news/unitysupportnewnintendo3dsandnewnintendo3dsxl).UnityTechnologies.April13,2015.RetrievedMay6,2015.
12.P,Jenna(April13,2015)."UnitySupportisHeadingtotheNewNintendo3DS"(http://www.ign.com/articles/2015/04/13/unitysupp
ortisheadingtothenewnintendo3ds).IGN.RetrievedMay6,2015.
13."UnityEuropeAnnouncesNew3DSDetails"(http://www.nintendoworldreport.com/news/40951/unityeuropeannouncesnew3dsde
tails).NintendoWorldReport.August13,2015.RetrievedAugust16,2015.
14.https://blogs.unity3d.com/2017/03/03/unitydevsshineonswitch
15."UnityWebPlayer"(http://unity3d.com/webplayer).
16.Helgason,David(November2,2012)."Gamedevelopers,startyourUnity3Dengines"(http://venturebeat.com/2012/11/02/gamedev
elopersstartyourunity3denginesinterview/).GamesBeat(Interview).InterviewwithDeanTakahashi.VentureBeat.Retrieved
July13,2014.
17.McElroy,Griffin(August20,2013)."UnityforWiiUopensupGamePadhardwareandmoretodevelopers"(http://www.polygon.c
om/2013/8/20/4641786/unityforwiiuopensupgamepadhardwareandmoretodevelopers).Polygon.RetrievedAugust4,2014.
18."NewUnityproductsandpriceslaunchingsoon"(https://blogs.unity3d.com/2016/05/31/newproductsandprices/).
blogs.unity3d.com.Unity.May31,2016.RetrievedSeptember26,2016.
19.Smykill,Jeff(August9,2006)."AppleDesignAwardwinnersannounced"(https://arstechnica.com/apple/2006/08/4937/).
ArsTechnica.RetrievedJanuary18,2015.
20."UnityTechnologiesCelebratesFiveYearsofContinualLeadershipandInnovationinMakingCuttingEdgeGameTechnology"(htt
p://www.gamasutra.com/view/pressreleases/140640/Unity_Technologies_Celebrates_Five_Years_of_ContinualLeadership_and_Innov
ation_in_Making_Cutting_Edge_GameTechnology.php)(Pressrelease).SanFrancisco,CA:Gamasutra.June7,2010.Retrieved
January18,2015.
21."MobilegamedevelopersurveyleansheavilytowardiOS,Unity"(http://www.gamasutra.com/view/news/169846/Mobile_game_deve
loper_survey_leans_heavily_toward_iOS_Unity.php).Gamasutra.May24,2012.RetrievedJuly14,2014.
22."Winners"(http://www.developawards.com/finalists2).DevelopOnline.RetrievedFebruary8,2015.
23."Unityofficiallyreleasesitsnewgameengine:Unity5"(http://www.theverge.com/2015/3/3/8142099/unity5enginerelease).The
Verge.RetrievedNovember26,2015.
24."Unitydoesindiegaming'sbiggestenginehaveanimageproblem?"(https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/jul/06/unityin
diegamingsbiggestenginejohnriccitiello/).TheGuardian.RetrievedAugust14,2015.
25."Thechaosofdemocracy"(http://www.developonline.net/analysis/thechaosofdemocracy/0208628).DevelopOnline.Retrieved
August14,2015.
26.Batchelor,James."Unitydroppingmajorupdatesinfavourofdatebasedmodel"(http://www.gamesindustry.biz/articles/20161214
unitydroppingmajorupdatesinfavourofdatebasedmodel).GamesIndustry.biz.Retrieved18March2017.
27."
85D"(http://japan.unity3d.com/blog/press/1216).
28." "Unity""""(http://www.famitsu.com/news/2013
12/16045043.html).
29."MeetUnitychan,theUnityEnginesNewMascotinJapan"(http://www.dualshockers.com/2013/12/16/meetunitychantheunitye
nginesnewmascotinjapan/).
30."UnityJapanIntroducesTheirMascot,UnityChan,AndHowSheWasMade"(http://www.siliconera.com/2014/04/15/unityjapanin
troducesmascotunitychanmade).
31."DATADOWNLOADGuidelineUNITYCHAN!OFFICIALWEBSITE"(http://unitychan.com/contents/guideline_en/).UNITY
CHAN!OFFICIALWEBSITE.RetrievedNovember27,2015.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unity_(game_engine) 3/4
2017615 Unity(gameengine)Wikipedia
32.NintendoLife."Exclusive:CheckOutRunbow'sCompleteCastofColourfulCrossoverCharacters"(http://www.nintendolife.com/n
ews/2015/08/exclusive_check_out_runbows_complete_cast_of_colourful_crossover_characters).NintendoLife.Retrieved
November27,2015.

RecommendationsforUnity3Dproductprotection(http://en.unity3d.netobf.com/RecommendationEN/)

Externallinks
Officialwebsite(https://unity3d.com/)
WikimediaCommonshas
ObfuscationandlocalizationforUnity3Dprojects(http://en.unity3d.netobf.co
mediarelatedtoUnity
m/) (gameengine).

Retrievedfrom"https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Unity_(game_engine)&oldid=785722315"

Categories: .NETgameengines GameenginesforLinux GameenginesthatsupportVulkan


IPhonevideogameengines MacOSprogrammingtools Monoprojectapplications Unity(gameengine)games
Videogameengines VideogameIDE

Thispagewaslasteditedon15June2017,at02:03.
TextisavailableundertheCreativeCommonsAttributionShareAlikeLicenseadditionaltermsmayapply.Byusing
thissite,youagreetotheTermsofUseandPrivacyPolicy.WikipediaisaregisteredtrademarkoftheWikimedia
Foundation,Inc.,anonprofitorganization.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unity_(game_engine) 4/4