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HYDROGEN FLUORIDE

Anhydrous
Technical Data Sheet

HYDROGEN FLUORIDE
ANHYDROUS

CHEMICAL ANALYSIS

CHEMICAL ANALYSIS SPECIFICATION TYPICAL ANALYSIS

HF, % 99.96 minimum 99.99

SO2, ppm 50 maximum <5

H2SiF6, ppm 50 maximum <25

Fe, ppm 10 maximum <3

Residue on Ignition, ppm 50 maximum 20


(non-volatile acid as H2SO4)

As, ppm 10 maximum <2

(1)
H2O, ppm 100 maximum <30

Cl, ppm 10 maximum <3

(1)
Conductivity Method

Anhydrous hydrogen fluoride is a dangerous chemical when handled improperly. For safety information and handling
recommendations, please contact Solvay Fluorides at www.solvaychemicals.us.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

Anhydrous hydrogen fluoride (AHF) is a colorless liquid corrosive, and has a sharp and penetrating odor. AHF vapor
reacts with the moisture in the atmosphere to form a visible dense cloud.
Hydrofluoric acid in liquid or vapor form is extremely dangerous and burns skin, eyes and mucous membranes. ANY
exposure requires immediate first aid and medical attention. For further information on first aid and medical
procedures, request our current publication.

Solvay Fluorides, LLC


AHF #3324 05/2014
Copyright 2005-2014
All Rights Reserved
1.800.765-8292
www.solvaychemicals.us
HYDROGEN FLUORIDE
Anhydrous
Technical Data Sheet

Boiling Point (760 mm Hg) C 19.5 Critical Density, g/mL 0.29


F 67.1 Critical Volume, mL/gmol 69.0

Freezing Point C -83.5 Specific Heat, Liquid 0 C (32 F)


F -118.3 cal/g C (Btu/lb F) 0.61

Vapor Pressure, 25 C (77 F) mm Hg 912.0 Kj/Kg K 2.55


psia 17.6 Vaporization heat, at boiling point
37.8 C (100 F) mm Hg 1410.0 cal/g 81.0
psia 27.3 BTU/lb 146.0
kpa 188.0 KJ/kg 340.0

25
Density Liquid, 0 C (32 F) Refraction index, n 1.157
3
g/mL (T/m ) 1.015 D
lb/gal 8.47 Surface Tension at Boiling Point

Viscosity 0 C (32 F), cP (mPas) 0.26 Dinas/cm (mN/m) 8.6


10 C (50 F), cP (mPas) 0.23 Dielectric Constant, 0 C (32 F), 83.6

-6
Critical Temperature C 188.0 Conductivity, 0 C (32 F), mhos/cm <1.6 x 10
-4
F 370.4 S/m <1.6 x 10

Critical Pressure atm 64.0


MPa 6.48

.
CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Hydrofluoric acid reacts with metals located up to hydrogen in the Electrochemical Table of Metals to form fluoride
salts. It also reacts with metal carbonates, oxides and hydroxides.

Tetra silicon fluoride and fluorosilicic acid are formed when hydrofluoric acid reacts with silicon and silicic acid.

Hydrofluoric acid attacks glass. HF aqueous solutions are better handled in the laboratory using polyethylene and
polypropylene containers.

Anhydrous hydrogen fluoride reacts with olefins to produce organic fluorides and with halogenated organic
compounds to produce fluorinated organic compounds. AHF forms stable complexes with metallic fluorides and also
acts as a catalyst in reactions that involve formation of carbon-carbon links.

Hydrofluoric acid may produce considerable heat when it is diluted into water and requires a cooling process for
preparation of dilutions.

Solvay Fluorides, LLC


AHF #3324 05/2014
Copyright 2005-2014
All Rights Reserved
1.800.765-8292
www.solvaychemicals.us
HYDROGEN FLUORIDE
Anhydrous
Technical Data Sheet

Hydrogen fluoride forms a constant boiling point mixture with water at 37.73 weight percentage and 111.4 C (232
F).

EXPLOSION OR FIRE DANGER


Hydrofluoric acid is not flammable but is difficult to contain since it corrodes many substances.
AHF corrosive action with moisture present could result in formation of hydrogen gas in pipelines and metallic
containers. Hydrogen accumulation represents a fire or explosion danger. Potential ignition sources (sparks or flame)
are not allowed in the areas where equipment is located that contains hydrofluoric acid.

CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS
The appropriate selection of construction material to be used with Hydrofluoric acid is decided according to operation
conditions and variables that affect corrosion. Temperature, pressure, moisture and velocity, aeration and impurities
are factors that determine material selection. Each application of storage and handling must be studied carefully
before specifying the materials.

Anhydrous Hydrofluoric Acid - Ductile steel totally passivated (de-oxidized) is generally satisfactory for AHF storage
and handling at temperatures up to 150 F (66 C). Hydrogen blistering could occur if the plates contain inclusions.
a
De-sulphurized steels (0.10% maximum S) have less probabilities of blistering. For higher temperatures, MONEL
b c
and HASTELLOY may be acceptable. Fluorocarbon resins TEFLON TFE and FEP are resistant to all hydrofluoric
acid concentrations up to 500 F (260 C) and 400 F (204 C), respectively.
b a
For pumps used at ambient temperature ALLOY 20, HASTELLOY and MONEL may be acceptable.
Steel should not be used for close fitting moving parts because the corrosive film will shorten the tolerances and
cause their immobilization. Do not use forged steel, stainless steel class 400 or hardened steels for AHF service.
a
Hardened MONEL is conducive to corrosion cracking if air moisture is in contact with AHF or if a substantial aeration
occurs. Copper and its alloys are not recommended when flows are at high velocity.
a
Reg. U.S. Pat & Tm. Off., International Nickel Company
b
Reg. U.S. Pat & Tm. Off., Cabot Corporation
c
Reg. U.S. Pat & Tm. Off., DuPont Company; manufactured only by DuPont
Some information provided by Quimica Fluor, S.A. de C.V., Mexico City, Mexico

SHIPPING CONTAINERS
Solvay Fluorides ships bulk anhydrous hydrofluoric acid in railcars and trucks that meet US Department of
Transportation (DOT) specifications. The equipment is selected based on the size of the shipment requested to
accommodate different volumes up to the legal maximum railway or highway load limits.

DOT AND FREIGHT DESCRIPTION


Hazardous Material Description Hydrogen fluoride, anhydrous
Haz. Mat. Class, I.D.#, Packing Group 8, UN 1052, PG I, Poison Inhalation Hazard
Freight Classification Anhydrous Hydrofluoric Acid
Principal CAS Number 7664-39-3
RQ 100 lb.
Placard Corrosive/Subsidiary Poison Inhalation Hazard (toxic)
Label Corrosive/Subsidiary Poison (toxic)

Solvay Fluorides, LLC


AHF #3324 05/2014
Copyright 2005-2014
All Rights Reserved
1.800.765-8292
www.solvaychemicals.us
HYDROGEN FLUORIDE
Anhydrous
Technical Data Sheet

Before using, read Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for this chemical.
Solvay Fluorides, LLC

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To our actual knowledge, the information contained herein is accurate as of the date of this document. However,
neither Solvay Fluorides, LLC, nor any of its affiliates, makes any warranty, express or implied, or accepts any liability
in connection with this information or its use. This information is for use by technically skilled persons at their own
discretion and risk and does not relate to the use of this product in combination with any other substance or any other
process. This is not a license under any patent or other proprietary right. The user alone must finally determine
suitability of any information or material for any contemplated use in compliance with applicable law, the manner of
use and whether any patents are infringed. This information gives typical properties only and is not to be used for
specification purposes. Solvay Fluorides, LLC reserves the right to make additions, deletions or modifications to the
information at any time without prior notification.

Trademarks: Trademarks and/or other Solvay Fluorides, LLC products referenced herein are either trademarks or
registered trademarks of Solvay Fluorides, LLC or its affiliates, unless otherwise indicated.

Before using, read the Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for the chemical.

Solvay Fluorides, LLC


AHF #3324 05/2014
Copyright 2005-2014
All Rights Reserved
1.800.765-8292
www.solvaychemicals.us