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Literature Days with Ethan

Week 6 March 23 rd 2017

Rhetorical Modes (Modes of Discourse)

What are rhetorical modes?

Good writing depends on factors such as purpose, type of writing and audience. That's why knowledge of the major categories of the the rhetorical modes is important . This notion accounts for the variety that one finds in texts. Rhetorical modes (also called modes of discourse) refer to the variety, conventions, and purposes of the major kinds of writing. In fact, there are four major categories of rhetorical modes. They are the following:

1. exposition, 2. argumentation, 3. description, 4. and narration
1.
exposition,
2.
argumentation,
3.
description,
4.
and narration

It is however worthwhile noticing that these modes are not monolithic. For example, in narrative modes, there is a group of events and states in sequence that are bound by a unifying theme. Narrative mode, however, rarely consists only of sequence of events. There are also descriptive and sometimes argumentative passages.

Global English test N°1

I-Reading Comprehension: (15 points)

Awatif Morsy will never forget the day she heard that a new school was open in her village. “Someone came to the house asking for the names of the children who weren’t attending class,” she recalls. “My

mother gave them my name. I was so excited.” Like most eight year-olds in the village of Beni Shara’an, Awatif’s life until that important day was divided between back-breaking work in the fields or at home. To girls like her, the new school- a single classroom on the ground floor of a converted house- was a dream

come true.

Not everyone in the village was so enthusiastic, at least initially. Some farmers complained that the school would deprive them of the cheap labour the children provided. Even Awatif’s own step-father, Abdelwadoud, was unconvinced. “What does a girl need to study for?” he would ask. Happily, that wasn’t

the view of Farouk Abdel Naim, the elderly merchant who was persuaded to donate the premises for the

school to use. “I’ve come to believe that a girl’s education is more important even than a boy’s,” Mr. Abdel Naim says. “A man can always make something out of his circumstances, but a girl can’t. She needs to be educated in order to get on in life”.

Ten years on, it’s hard to find anyone in Beni Shara’an who doesn’t share that opinion. The school- which has now expanded into three classes- is today seen as a wise investment from which the community is

getting tangible rewards. Take the example of the shopkeeper Ahmed Abdel Jabar, himself illiterate. “Until Rawia went to school, my store accounts were in a complete mess,” he recalls. “But before long, she was taking care of all the books for me, as well as helping her elder sister to read and write.” Rawia is disabled, but her father says she’s the most capable of his four daughters. “I can say that to me, Rawia is no longer just a girl; she’s more precious than ten sons.”

While the drive to get more Egyptian girls into school is bringing benefits in places like Beni Shara’an, the

impact has been felt nationally. From 227 community schools set by UNICEF and its partners since 1990 has emerged a campaign setting girls’ education as one of Egypt’s top development priorities.

Base all your answers on the text

Literature Days with Ethan

Week 6 March 23 rd 2017

A-Choose the right answers from the list given (2pts)

  • 1. This text is probably taken from

    • a. an interview.

    • b. a play.

  • c. a newspaper.

2.

The text is about

  • a. The Egyptian project for building schools in Beni Shara’an

  • b. The importance of the education of girls in Beni Shara’an

  • c. Daily life of girls in Beni Shara’an

B.Are these sentences true or false? Justify (4 pts)

  • 1. Awatif was 8 years old when the new school opened.

  • 2. All the people in Beni Shara’an were happy about the school at first.

  • 3. The Egyptian government built the new school in Beni Shara’an.

  • 4. The shopkeeper sent his daughter to school.

    • C. Answer these questions (4pts)

      • 1. How did Awatif spend her days before the school opened?

      • 2. What was Abdelwadoud’s reaction to sending girls to school?

      • 3. Why does Rawia’s father consider her more precious than 10 sons?

      • 4. What was the effect of schools like Beni Shara’an’s on girls’ education in Egypt?

        • D. Find in the text words or phrases that mean the same as: (3pts)

          • 1. convinced (paragraph 2)

          • 2. real (paragraph 3)

          • 3. advantages or profits (paragraph 4)

            • E. What do the underlined words in the text refer to? (2pts)

              • 1. them :

              • 2. his:

II-LANGUAGE: (15points)

A-Rewrite the following sentences as suggested: (4 points)

  • 1. The driver wasn’t careful. That was why he had that terrible accident.

If ...

  • 2. People should take care of the environment.

The environment ... 3. What a pity! I can’t visit your country. If only ...

  • 4. The weather was bad. Nevertheless, the football match wasn’t stopped.

Despite ...

B-Fill in the blanks with the appropriate phrasal verbs from the list: (2 points)

Turn down get on well with come across- pass out

Literature Days with Ethan

Week 6 March 23 rd 2017

  • 1. I

an old friend while I was walking down the street the other day.

 

She

  • 2. ...

when she heard of her father's death.

  • 3. The company will certainly

your application if you don’t have the required qualifications.

  • 4. All Leila's colleagues respect her because she

everybody.

 

C- Put the words between brackets in the correct form using these affixes: (3points)

 

-able/dis-/mis-/re-/anti-/under-/ex-

 
 

1- (Developed)

countries usually have problems with education.

 

the text to check our answers.

3- (Globalisation) activists

are against any (use)

of the world’s economy to exploit poor countries

 

4- He met his (wife)

at the super market.

D-Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form: (2points)

 

Ahmed: “I (not see)

kamal for ages. What’s up with him?”

Jamal: “Oh yes. He finally (get)

a visa to Canada and (buy)

a plane ticket last week. I think by the end

of this month, he (fly)

to Montreal”

E-What do these sentences express: (4 points)

     
 

Statements:

What they express:

 
 

1- I'm sorry to say this, but the coffe tha you brought me is too cold to be drunk.

...

2- Could you possibly help me with my homework?

...

3- That's exactly what I think.

...

4- You must be my Barbara's new friend. I saw you with her yesterday.

...

     
 

III- WRITING: (10points)

 

Some people think that surfing the net is just a waste of time while others believe that the internet is a source of valuable information.Write an essay talking about the positive and the negative effects of the internet.

 
 

Literature Days with Ethan

Week 6 March 23 rd 2017

Literature Days with Ethan Week 6 March 23 2017 “Be who you are and say whatBernard M. Baruch 4 " id="pdf-obj-3-13" src="pdf-obj-3-13.jpg">
Literature Days with Ethan Week 6 March 23 2017 “Be who you are and say whatBernard M. Baruch 4 " id="pdf-obj-3-15" src="pdf-obj-3-15.jpg">

Literature Days with Ethan

Week 6 March 23 rd 2017

 

Reading Comprehension: (15 points)

   

A- Choose the right answers from the list given (2pts)

  • 1. c

2. b

B.Are these sentences true or false? Justify (4 pts)

 
  • 1. T = " Like most eight year-olds"

2. F = " Not everyone in the village was so enthusiastic"

  • 3. F = The UNICEF and its parteners set the commmubity schools in Egypt

4. T = “Until Rawia went to

school, my store accounts were in a complete mess”

 
  • C. Answer these questions (4pts)

  • 1. She spent her days in back-breaking work or at home.

 

2. He was unconvinced.

  • 3. Because she takes care of all his book and helps her elder sister to read and write.

4. It brought benefits

and had a great impact on the national level.

 
  • D. Find in the text words or phrases that mean the same as: (3pts)

 
  • 1. Persuaded

2. Tangible

3. Benefits

  • E. What do the underlined words in the text refer to? (2pts)

 
  • 1. them : some farmers

2. his: Rawia's father / the shopkeeper

II-LANGUAGE: (15points)

 

A-Rewrite the following sentences as suggested: (4 points)

 
  • 1. If the driver had been careful, he wouldn't have had that terrible accident.

2 The environment should be taken care of.

 

3. If only I could visit your country.

  • 4. Despite the bad weather the football match wasn't stopped./ Despite the fact that the weather was bad,

the football match wasn't stopped.

 

B-Fill in the blanks with the appropriate phrasal verbs from the list: (2 points)

  • 1. 2. passed out

came across

3. turn down

4. gets on well.

C- Put the words between brackets in the correct form using these affixes: (3points)

  • 1. 2. re-read

underdeveloped

3. anti-globalisation misuse

4.

ex-wife

5. forgivable

D-Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form: (2points)

 

I haven't seen - got - bought - will have flown

 

E-What do these sentences express: (4 points)

  • 1. Complaint.

2. Request.

3. Agreement.

4. Certainty

III- WRITING: (10points)

 
 
 

Introduction:

Definition of the internet: the internet is a collection of various services and resources: chatrooms, e-mail, business tools ..... Thesis:Almost all households have access to the internet; however, before people connect to the internet, they need to be aware not only of its advantages but also its disadvantages.

 
 

Disadvantages: Many people fear the internet because of many reasons.

 
 

Body:

1.It might be dangerous to children especially in chatrooms where you are pretty uncertain about the person they are chatting with.

 
  • 2. Artists are also concerned with the disadvatages of the internet as their work is easily plagiarized by hackers

  • 3. Another major disadvantage of the Internet is privacy. Electronic messages sent over the Internet can be easily

snooped and tracked, revealing who is talking to whom and what they are talking about

  • 4. Viruses are another problem for surfers of the internet.Today, not only are humans getting viruses, but

computers as well. Computers are mainly getting these viruses from the Internet Advantages:Despite all of the terrible disadvantages of the Internet, there are numerous advantages. In fact, the advantages outweigh the disadvantages.

  • 1. A great deal of elders are shut in their homes due to health problems.

 
  • 2. The most common thing the Internet is used for is research. Children and students are among the top people

who use the Internet for research.

  • 3. Entertainment is another popular reason why many people surf the Internet. Downloading games, going into

chat rooms, or just surfing the Web are some of the uses people have discovered.

  • 4. Another popular thing to do on the Internet is to check out the news

 
  • 5. Shopping online has also become a huge success and is considered a great advantage of the Internet.

 

Conclusion:

In conclusion, today society is in the middle of a technological boom. People can either choose to take advantage of this era, or simply let it pass them by. The Internet is a very powerful tool. It has many advantages; however, people need to be extremely aware of the disadvantages as well.

 
 

Literature Days with Ethan

Week 6 March 23 rd 2017

Figures of Speech - Puns

What are puns?

A pun, also called paronomasia, involves a word play which suggests two or more meanings, by exploiting multiple meanings of words, or of similar-sounding words, for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect. Puns are constructions used in jokes and idioms whose usage and meaning are entirely local to a particular language and its culture. To be understood, puns require a large vocabulary.

These are examples of puns:

"Atheism is a non-prophet institution"

The word "prophet" is put in place of its homophone "profit", altering the common phrase "non-profit institution". "Question: Why do we still have troops in Germany?

Answer: To keep the Russians in Czech" - Joke. This joke relies on the aural ambiguity of the homophones "check" and "Czech" "You can tune a guitar, but you can't tuna fish. Unless of course, you play bass." - Douglas Adams The phrase uses the homophonic qualities of "tune a" and "tuna", as well as the homographic pun on "bass", in which ambiguity is reached through the identical spellings but different pronunciation of "bass": /'be?s/ (a string instrument), and /'bæs/ (a kind of fish).

More Puntastic puns ..

I owe a lot to the sidewalks. They’ve been keeping me off the streets for years.

Atoms are untrustworthy little critters. They make up everything!

If you forget to pay for exorcism, will you get repossessed?

Imagine if you would hit the clock in the morning and the clock would hit you right back. I think it would be truly alarming.

Which bees produce milk? The boo-bees!

Why is a skeleton a bad liar? You can see right through it.

I hate my printer. Whenever I need to print, all I get is upbeat music coming out of it and a message that the paper is jamming.

Jokes about unemployed people are not funny. They just don't work.

Have you heard about the Italian cook with an incurable disease? He pastaway.

Dracula didn’t have many friends because he was a real pain in the neck.

What do you receive when you ask a lemon for help?

Lemonaid.

Literature Days with Ethan

Week 6 March 23 rd 2017

How to spot a blind man on a nudist beach? Well it's not hard, really ...

Where should a dog go when it’s lost its tail?

The retail store of course.

What does a dog say when he sits down on a piece of sandpaper? Ruff!

One skeleton to the other: Man, I’m so hard in love with Bella, I can barely think straight. I’d love to ask her out but I just don’t have the guts.

A man sued an airline company after it lost his luggage. Sadly, he lost his case.

What is a typical diet of a sea monster? Fish and ships.

What did the ranch sauce say when you opened the fridge?

Hey, close the door! Can’t you see I’m dressing?

Shouldn’t pregnant women be called body builders?

37 consonants, 25 vowels, a question mark, and a comma went to court.

They will be sentenced next Friday.

What would you call an obese psychic? A four-chin teller.

If goods get damaged in transport, does it become ‘bads’?

They found a little hole in the wall of the women's soccer team changing rooms. Policemen are looking into it now.

I’ve no home, I haven’t got control, I can’t see any escape.

Way past the time I got a new keyboard.

Whenever I undress in the bathroom, my shower gets turned on.

What do you call the wife of a hippie?

A Mississippi.

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Literature Days with Ethan Week 6 March 23 2017  How to spot a blind manBernard M. Baruch 7 " id="pdf-obj-6-167" src="pdf-obj-6-167.jpg">
Literature Days with Ethan Week 6 March 23 2017  How to spot a blind manBernard M. Baruch 7 " id="pdf-obj-6-169" src="pdf-obj-6-169.jpg">
Week 6 March 23 rd 2017
Week 6 March 23 rd 2017

Literature Days with Ethan

Week 6 March 23 rd 2017 Literature Days with Ethan “Be who you are and sayBernard M. Baruch 8 " id="pdf-obj-7-7" src="pdf-obj-7-7.jpg">