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The Philippine Islands is one of the most unique place in the entire world.

It is divided
into three islands, these are Luzon, Visayas and Mindano.

William Henry Scott, author of Barangay: Sixteenth-century Philippine Culture and


Society depicts the Philippine ethnography. I will be discussing 3 main points in which
I find intriguing in this book.

First is the way the author focused on Visayan Society. Reading the whole book made
me ask questions like Why Visayas?, Why not Luzon? Luzon is considered as the
wealthiest and center of commerce, so why didnt the author focused in this island. At
first I thought it was bias because the author put emphasis on the Visayan society. It
made me wonder, how about the other islands? But after reading the whole book, I
finally found an answer to my question. The author choose Visayas because this is
where it all begun. It is the largest island and known to as the home to the
Visayans. This island is further sub-divided into three non-administrative regions;
Central, Eastern and Western. Its rich history started with the earliest migration of the
Malays from mainland Asia and the voyage of Ferdinand Magellan across the Pacific
Ocean that eventually paved way for the Spaniards 333 year reign in the Philippines.
The Visayans were the first one who became part of the Spanish colony and the first
one to experience the brutality and ruthlessness of Europeans who stormed peaceful
island. With this, the history of the Visayans change and so as its people, culture and
society. Some considered it as a blessing but for people like me, I consider it as a
tragedy. The Filipino culture and identity were disregarded when the Spaniards came
because the Filipinos were force to forget their own culture, even worse, their own
identity. The conversion of the native people to Catholicism was the first step in obtaining the one
of the Spaniards three Gs (Gold, God, and Glory). The Europeans left the Philippines with their
religions spread all over the islands, making Philippines the 4th largest Christian country in the
entire world.

Second, the way the author describes the native Filipinos. Scott stated that the Filipinos were
divided into different ethnic groups, using Henry Otley Beyers wave migration theory. I never
encountered a history book, that is contains detailed information about the life of Filipinos way back
before the Spaniards came into the Philippines. Although I find it strange why the Philippine
textbook used in todays school is limited. When we all have the history of our native ancestors.
Its sad because we need to preserve this history inorder for the future generation not to forget
their own identity.