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NORMAS API American Petroleum Institute

Item Designacin Ttulo Alcance Hipervnculo

API RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 5A3 Recommended Practice on 1 Scope


1 FIRST EDITION, JUNE 1996 Thread Compounds for Casing, 1.1 PURPOSE API 5A3-1996
EFFECTIVE DATE: OCTOBER 1, 1996 Tubing, and Line Pipe The purpose of this recommended
API SPECIFICATION STANDARD 5B practice is to provide
Specification for Threading, 1 Scopefor2.2
means REQUIREMENTS
evaluating the suitability of
FOURTEENTH EDITION, AUGUST Gauging, and Thread Inspection 1.1 COVERAGE
2 1996 thread compounds, regardless API 5B-1996
of Casing, Tubing, and Line Pipe This specification
of composition, for usecovers on API dimensioannsd
round
EFFECTIVE DATE: DECEMBER Threads (U.S. Customary Units) marking requirements
1,1996 thread and buttress
for API Master thread gauges. Additional
casing,
Recommended Practice for 1 Scopetubing and line pipe connections
API RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 5L1 product
in
3 Railroad Transportation of 1.1 GENERAL API 5L1-2002
SIXTH EDITION, JULY 2002 threads
high-pressure and thread service.gauges The tests asoutlined
well as
Line Pipe The recommendations provided herein
instruments
herein are usedand to methods
apply to the transportation
Recommended Practice for for
1 the inspection
Scope
evaluate the ofperformance
threads for line pipe,
Exploration and Production Department on railcars ofcritical
API Specification 5L steel
Conducting Drop-Weight round
1.1 These
properties thread procedures describe a
API RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 5L3 line pipe inof thread compounds
Tear Tests on Line Pipe casing,
recommended buttressmethod casing, andWhen extreme line
4
THIRD EDITION, FEBRUARY 1996
under
sizes 23/8 laboratory and larger conditions.inforlengths longer API 5L3-1996
casing
conducting
evaluating connectionsdrop-weight tear tests to
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1,1996 that single the random.
are
measure included.
suitability the
of afracture It is applicable
thread appearancewhen
compound, so
The recommendations of Sectionthe 4 user
stipulated
or fracture
should considerinductility
the APIof tine pipe as
Specification for concerned
Scope with load
standard
referenced governing
API testthe product. The
5
API SPECIFICATION 5L Line Pipe
full size connection
stresses
1.1 This areinexclusively
specification
results
covers applicable and to
seamless
field
API API 5L-1995
FORTY-FIRST EDITION, APRIL 1, 1995 inspection procedures
Specification
experience in 5L, Specification
addition fur Line
line
and pipe
welded having steel of taper, lead, height,
for
Pipe.
to themeasurements
results of reduced scale (bench top)
diameter
fine pipe. to thickness
Itconversions
includes (D/t) ratios of 50and or
Specification for and
1.2
test
1 Scopeangle
Metric
methods of thread standard-weight of US customary
more.
extra-strong However,
API SPECIFICATION 5L Line Pipe are
units
ike
1.1 applicable
are shown
those
PURPOSE described to
AND threads
herein.
COVERAGE having 1 11/2 or
pipe
threaded with D/t ratios well below 50 may
FORTY-SECOND EDITION, JANUARY less
in
The turnsLine
parenthesis
purpose perofinch. pipe;
in the
this
and
test, standard-weight
specificationfigures, isand
to
6 suffer fatigue
plain-end, in transit
regularweight API 5L-2000
2000 Requirements
tables.
provide See
standards Appendixof other
for standards included
under
plain-end, some circumstances, as noted in
EFFECTIVE DATE: JULY 1, 2000 byfor
B
pipe metricspecial
reference
suitable in
conversion
for use
plain-end,
in factors.
conveying
extra-strong
gas,
the foreword.
plain-end,
this
water,specification
and oil in both are essential to the
These
and recommendations
double-extra-strong cover coated
plain-end pipe;or
API RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 5LW Recommended Practice for safety
1
theSCOPE and
oil andpipe, interchangeability
natural gas industries.
uncoated
as well as but
bell andproduced.
Transportation of Line Pipe on of
The thee quipment
7 SECOND EDITION, DECEMBER 1996 they recommendations
This
spigot specification
doand notthrough-the-flowline
encompass covers inloading
this document
seamless and
practices API 5LW-1996
EFFECTIVE DATE, MARCH 1, 1997 Barges and Marine Vessels 2.3
apply
welded EQUIVALENT
tosteeltransportation
line STANDARDS4TFL)
designed
pipe. to protect
Other
of API
pipe. nationally
ItSpecification
includes 5Lor
plain-end, internationally
steelthreaded-end,
fine pipe by
Standard on pipe
1
TheScope coating
purpose from
of this damage.
specification is to
API STANDARD 5T1 recognized
ship
and or barge
belled-end standards pipe,
8 Imperfection Terminology 1.2 BASIC
The
provide purpose RULES
standards of thisAND standard is to provide API 5T1-1996
TENTH EDITION, NOVEMBER 1996 shall
on
as both
well beas submitted
inland and marine
through-the-flowline to andwaterways approved
(TFL) pipe by
REQUIREMENTS
definitions
for pipe of
suitable for use in conveying gas,
API for
unless
and pipe inclusion
the withspecific in
Certain
water,
imperfections andminimum oilofin and mandatory
defects rules
API SPECIFICATION 6D Specification for Pipeline Valves this
1.1
ends specification
requirement
Coverage.
prepared a
This prior
forparagraph
use tothat
specification
with special
occur
intheir
this use
covers
in as
governing
steel
both pipe;
the oil the
noand loading
criteria
natural gas industries.
9 TWENTY-FIRST EDITION, MARCH (Gate, Ball, and Check Valves) equivalent
document
couplings.
flanged and standards.
references only API 6D-1994
practices
as
1.2 toDimensional
severity are prescribed
arerequirements
addressed. by the The word
on threads
1994 3 Definitions
marine
butt-welding
Although orthe only gate, inland
plain-end plug, waterway
ball,
line andtransport.
pipe check
meeting
Association
impegection
and thread of
as American
used Railroads
All
Inland
valves.
this threadwaterways
specification dimensions shown without
Specification for (AAR)
gauges,
herein
1 Scope as
refers referenced
stipulations
tothose in the
metallurgical
on gauging nextandsection.
practice,
other
tolerances
are
1.2
is defined
Codes,
primarily areas
Specifications,
intended waterways
for field and with
Standards.
makeup by
The
featuresrecommendations
of this given herein to are
API SPECIFICATION 6FA Fire Test for Valves gauge
It is the
related
various
circumferential
Each to steel
specifications
purpose
degrees the of pipe
of basifso document
protection, r connection
10 supplementary
products,
and certification,
establish, which
theare tomay
as the
requirements or
well may
as not be
instruments API 6FA-1999
THIRD EDITION, APRIL 1999 designa
such
code,
welding, as nd
rivers,
specification,
the notorsubject
canals,
manufacturer will 3.1
intracoastal
standard Shall is
not assume
AAR
injurious
and
for loading
methods
testing toand the practices.
use of
evaluating theIf any
the pressure- is
used
waterways,
referenced
responsibilityto indicate
and
hereinfor that
shall a provision
recommendations
for
product.
inspection
containing Definition ofThese
performance are
threads in are
conflict
of injuriousness givencan in
is API
mandatory.
sheltered
be the latest bays. edition or waterways
supplement be
field
with
outside
Standard
of API
welding.
AAR 6A the loading
5B
and scope
and 6Dto practices,
of
valves when those exposedofinAAR to
to
1.2 measurement
fresh
effect or
PRODUCT
at salt
the water
time determine
SPECIFICATION acceptance
LEVEL
shall
this
are
fire. govern.
document.
applicable
Theusuallyofto Defects
products arecovered
defined byin the
this
or
but
of rejection
are
manufacture
(PSL) 3.2
traversed
of the Should by
product. is used
barges. to
Note:
respective If thepipe
specification.
performance AAR loading rules
requirements of are not
this
indicate
Marine
1.3
This that
waterways
Definitions.
specification a provision
are
establishes is not
applicable
Grades
standards. coveredto the railroad
by thisover specification
document
product.
defined
Bidirectional
requirements
transportation as are
mandatory,
waterwaysintended
Valve:
for
of two
fine Abut valve
to
product
pipe
recommendeda
open
designed
indefinitions seasare
the country for ofs
It should
A25,
establish
good A, B,
practice.be X42,noted
standard that
limits the of acceptability are
with
origin, limited
specification
sealing in or no
levels protection
(PSL 1 and PSL 2).
Pgina 1 de 6 X52,
listed
X46, inthe basic
English,
X56, X60, loading X65, X70, and X80
NORMAS API American Petroleum Institute
Item Designacin Ttulo Alcance Hipervnculo

API SPECIFICATION 6FB API Specification for Fire Test for


1 Scope
THIRD EDITION, MAY 1998 End Connections 1.1 PURPOSE
11 This specification was formulated to API 6FB-1998
EFFECTIVE DATE: NOVEMBER 30,
1998 establish procedures
for testing and evaluating the pressure-
Specification for Fire Test for 1 Scope performance
containing
SPECIFICATION 6FC Valves With Automatic Backseats It
ofisAPItheend purpose connections of this document
when exposed to to
12 establish the requirements API 6FC-1999
THIRD EDITION, APRIL 1999 fire. Valves,
for testingseals,
wellhead and evaluating
or other related the pressure-
containing
equipment, performance
are not included
Specification for 1
of Scope
API scopeSpec 6A anddocument.
Spec 6D Automatic
Fire Test for Check Valves in
It the
is the purpose of this of this document The
13
API SPECIFICATION 6FD Backseating
procedures valves
are when
presented exposedtoto fire. API 6FD-1995
FIRST EDITION, FEBRUARY 15, 1995 establish
The performance the requirements
in
for two
testingparts. andofevaluating the pressure
requirements
Part I represents this document
conditions in an areonshore
containing
intended to establish standard
API SPECIFICATION 6H Specification on End Closures, 1
or Scope
open
performance offshore of API Spec 6A andof6D
Connectors and Swivels limits
This of acceptability
specication regardless size or
14
SECOND EDITION, MAY 1,1998 location.
check
pressure valves rating. whencovers exposed the following:
API 6H-1998
EFFECTIVE DATE: NOVEMBER 1, a.
Part
to Pipeline
II
fire. represents closures.
The performance conditions in an
requirements of
1998 This
b. document
Connectors.
offshore platform establishes
well bay. acceptable
this
levels document
for leakage
c.
are Couplings.
Background
intended information
to establish on fire-resistance
standard limits
Recommended Practice 1
d. General
through
Misalignmenttheconnections
test valve
devices and also external
(swivels).
of
of API end
acceptability
API RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 17B for Flexible Pipe 1.1
is
SCOPE
leakage
e. Split
contained afterinexposure
mechanical ttings.
APIorBulletin 6F1. Further
15 regardless
This recommended of size pressure
practice rating.
provides API 17B-2002
THIRD EDITION, MARCH 2002 to
Thisa fire for
specication
background a 30-minute does timeapply
not period, to both
This
before document
guidelines and for
after establishes
the or acceptable
welded,
on
levels anged,
fire-resistance
ofanalysis,
leakage improvements of API
design,
reworking
threaded the stuffing
ttings manufacture,
that box.specied
are testing,in
Sizing, Selection, and Installation flanges
1.1 Scope
through is
the test operation
valve and established
also external
installation,
The burn and
period has been
Of Pressure- Relieving Devices in other
contained
This
leakage recognized
recommended
afterin API exposure standards.
Bulletin
practice 6F2.applies to on the
of
the flexible
basis that
Appendices pipes itandand
A30-minute B flexible
provide pipe systems
API RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 520 Refi neries 1.2
sizing
to a APPLICATIONS
fire and for selection
a time period.
16 for onshore,
represents
recommended the purchaser
maximum timeSpec required to API 520-1993
SIXTH EDITION, MARCH 1993 API RP*520 PT*I 93 - 0732290 This
of
The specification
pressure
burn relief
period covers
beenAPI
devices
has used in This
established 6A end
on
subsea,
extinguish
guidelines and most
to marine
assist applications.
the purchaser in
0511140 916 connections,
refineries
the basis and itrelated
that
recommended
fires.
decisions Fires practice
of greater
which are duration are
Part 1-Sizing and Selection which
industries
represents include: for
the equipment
maximum that
timehas a [i] and
required to
supplements
considered
optional to to
the API
be Specification
of
purchasera major 175
a. API Flanged
maximum
extinguish allowable
most End and Outlet assuring
and in
API
that Specification
magnitude
adequate with consequences
information greater
Flanged Steel Pressure Connections
1.1
fires.Scope
working Fires pressureof (6B,
greater 6BX,
of 15 and are
pounds
duration per
17K
than
is [2],
those
communicatedwhich specifies
anticipated to the minimum
manufacturer.
API STANDARD 526 Relief Valves Segmented).
This
square standard
considered inch is
gauge
to be aofpurchase
or
a major specification
requirements
in for the
17
FOURTH EDITION, JUNE 1995 b. this
for API
flanged
greater.
magnitude
test.
Threaded
Thewith steel
pressure End and
consequencesreliefOutlet
devicesgreater
API 526-1995
design, material selection, manufacture,
Connections.
pressure
covered
than those inrelief
this valves.
recommended
anticipated Basic requirements
testing, marking, and
c. this
are Other
given
practice
in test.End
are forintended
Connections to and (OECs).
protect unfired
Seat Tightness of Pressure packaging
This standard of unbonded
describes methodsbonded
direct
pressure spring-loaded
vessels pressure reliefofvalves
API STANDARD 527 Relief Valves flexible pipesthe
determining respectively
seat
18 and pilot-operated
related equipment against API 527-1991
THIRD EDITION, JULY 1991 [3].
tightness of metal- andassoft-seated
pressure relieffrom
overpressure valves follows:
In general,
pressure flexible
relief valves, pipeincluding
is a custom-built
a. Orifice
operating designation
and fire and area.
contingencies.
product
those of that can
conventional, bellows, and pilot-
User Acceptance of b.
This
1 Valve
Scope size
recommended and pressure practicerating,includes inlet
be designed
operated designs.and manufactured in a
API RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 591 Refinery Valves and outlet.
basic
This definitions
recommended andItpractice describes
19 variety
The of methods.
maximum acceptable is leakage rates API 591-1998
SECOND EDITION, FEBRUARY 1998 c. Materials.
information
actions a about
purchaser the operational
not the
are defined intent for ofpressure
this document to
d.
can Pressure-temperature
characteristics
take to novel
procure andorapplications
new limits. that are
valves
discourage
relief valves with set new
pressures fromand 15
e. various
of Center-to-face
required to pressure
be in dimensions,
relief devices. inlet It also
developments
pounds per square in flexible pipe. On the
outlet.
includes
accordance sizing with the standards listedtoin
contrary,
inch gauge it is(103recognized
kilopascals gauge)
For the
procedures
Section convenience
2, but and the methods of the
purchaser purchaser,
based on a of a
that a pounds
6,000 variety ofper designs
square and methods
sample
steady
may find specification
statethat ofthe flowsuggested actions also
analysis
inch gauge are(41,379 kilopascals gauge). If
sheet
and
apply
Pgina 2 de is given
6 Newtonian
to influids.
Appendix A.
possible. For this reason, some topics are
NORMAS API American Petroleum Institute
Item Designacin Ttulo Alcance Hipervnculo
Check Valves: 1 General
API STANDARD 594 Wafer, Wafer-Lug, and 1.1 SCOPE
20 Double Flanged Type This standard covers design, material, API 594-1997
FIFTH EDITION, NOVEMBER 1997
face-to-face dimensions,
pressure-temperature ratings, and
Metal Plug Valves-Flanged 1.1 Scope inspection,
examination,
API STANDARD 599 and Welding Ends 1.1.1
and test This standard covers
requirements for graymetal iron,plug
21 valves with flanged API 599-1994
FOURTH EDITION, NOVEMBER 1994 ductile iron, steel,
or
and butt-welding
alloy singleends and dual and ductile
plate check iron plug
valves
valves. with
Valve configurations
Steel Gate Valves Flanged and 1.1
flanged Scope ends inwafer-lug,sizes NPS 1 through NPS
API STANDARD 600 Butt-Welding Ends, Bolted and include
1.1.1 Thiswafer,
standard covers and double
steel gate
22 24,
flanged which typecorrespond
with API 600-1997
TENTH EDITION, FEBRUARY 1997 Pressure Seal Bonnets valves
to nominal withpipe flanged sizes orin ASME B36.10M.
facings
butt-welding that will ends permit
in installation
sizes NPS 1 through
Valve
between ASME and MSS
NPS
bodies 24. These
conforming to ASME B 16.34 may
API Standard 600, Eleventh Edition Bolted Bonnet Steel Gate Valves 1
sizesScope
flanges that conform
correspond to the standards
to nominal pipe sizesand in
October 2001 for Petroleum and Natural Gas have
This one flanged
International
specifications listed Standard specifies the
23 ASME
end and B36.1OM.
one butt-welding end. API 600-2001
ISO 10434: 1998 Industries requirements
in
1.1.2section
This 2. for a heavy
standard covers duty
valvesseries in of
ANSI/API Std 600-2001 1.1.2
bolted This
bonnet standardsteel covers
gate additional
valves for
Classes
requirements 150 throughfor and related
petroleum
2500 refinery
as specified in otherwise
ASME B 16.34.
Compact Steel Gate Valves 1
plug Scope
valves
applications that
where are corrosion, in full and
erosion
API STANDARD 602 Flanged, Threaded, Welding, and 1.1.3
1.1
conformanceThis standard
to the covers requirements
24 other
for service conditions indicate a need
a standard
heavy-duty API 602-1998
SEVENTH EDITION, OCTOBER 1998 Extended-Body Ends This
requirements
for fullofport covers
of
openings, ASMEflanged-end,
B16.34
heavy wall forsections
style
threaded-end,
Standard bolted
Class bonnet
150 gate valves for
and
petroleumextra large
refinery stem and diameters.
socket-welding-end,
through 2500 or ASME andB16.42
butt-welding-end
for Class
Corrosion-Resistant, Bolted 1 Scope steel gate where corrosion,
related
150 andapplications
compact 300.
API STANDARD 603 Bonnet Gate ValvesFlanged and 1.1
erosion, and otherextended-body
valves, including Service type,
25 Butt-Welding Ends This standard covers corrosion-resistant API 603-2001
SIXTH EDITION, MAY 2001 conditions
corresponding indicate a need
to nominal for fui] port
bolted
openings,
pipe sizes bonnet heavy
in ASME B36.10M or ASME
gate
body
B36.19M valves
wall aswith
sections,
follows:anged
and large or butt-weld
stem
Fire Test for Soft-Seated 1.1
ends Scope
in sizes NPS
diameters.
a) flanged-end Covered and are
butt-welding-end in
API STANDARD 607 Quarter-Turn Valves 1.1.1
1 This standard covers the
26 requirements
sizes NPS 4 for outside screw-and-yoke
and API 607-1993
FOURTH EDITION, MAY 1993 requirements
/(OS&Y) for testing and
smaller, b) valves
threaded-end andofsocket-
evaluating
2 the performance
with rising stems,
welding-end in sizes nonrising handwheels,
straightway,
through soft-seated quarter-
Metal Ball Valves-Flanged, and
turn 2 24, when
NPSvarious
valves
corresponding
types of to nominal
they are exposed to
API STANDARD 608 Threaded, and Welding Ends pipe
gate sizes in ASME
configurations. In addition, Appendix
1
certain fireand conditions
27 SECOND EDITION, SEPTEMBER B36.10M,
A of this standard Classes 150, 300, and, API 608-1995
/defined in this standard. The procedures
1995 600,
covers as specied
requirements in specifically for
2
described in
ASME
pressure
and B16.34.
smaller, sea]and bonnet
c) gate seal bonnet
bellows
Butterfly Valves: this standard apply to all classes and
1 Scope
1.2
valves
types for both a heavy-duty style and a
in
API STANDARD 609 Double Flanged, Lug- and siozfe
1.1
This This ssstandard
standarduch valves covers coversthat design, for
requirements
general
sizes NPS purpose
2 materials
and style
smaller. The
28
FIFTH EDITION, MAY 1997 Wafer-Type are made
materials,
corrosion of
face-to-face
resistant listed in following
ASME B API 609-1997
for applications
valves are specifically where less arduous
16.34.
dimensions;
gate valves pressure-temperature
for use in process
corrosion
covered byand this erosion
standard: Service piping
Note:
ratings; Throughout
applications.andare this standard the term
examination,
Covered
conditions
a. Class confronted
800 capitalized
valve with threaded, or materials are
class (either
inspection, or not) socket-
are soand
requirements
selected
welding, or as test
buttwelding forrequirements
outside-screw-and- for gray
means
iron,
yoke pressure
ductile
(OS&Y) iron, class as defined in
to ameliorate
ends; an these conditions.
inside screw with rising stem
ASME
bronze, B 16.34.
steel,
valves with
1.1.4 Figure
(ISRS) 1 nickel-base
rising
andperformance
alloy,
boltedorbonnet
stems, anon-rising
illustrates special
hand-
1.1.2
alloy
wheels, The
butterfly
bolted bonnets, requirements
gate
threadedvalve for
packing the nut or an outside screw
presented
valves
and thatinestablishing
this document
provide oftight shutoffi n the
and various
purposeyokeof
establish (OS&Y)types
standard
gate
limits
congurations.
standard
of acceptability.
Pgina 3 declosed
1.3
nomenclatureposition
6 rising stem and
forandvalveare parts.
with bolted packing-gland
NORMAS API American Petroleum Institute
Item Designacin Ttulo Alcance Hipervnculo
Centrifugal Pumps for Petroleum, 1.1 Scope
API STANDARD 61O Heavy Duty Chemical, and 1.1.1 This standard covers the minimum
29 Gas Industry Services requirements for API 610-1995
EIGHTH EDITION, AUGUST 1995
centrifugal pumps, including pumps
running in reverse as
Design and Construction of Large, hydraulic power recovery turbines, for use
Welded, Low-Pressure Storage Tanks in petroleum,
30 API STANDARD 620 API 620-2002
heavy duty chemical, and gas industry
services.
Welded Steel Tanks for Note: A bullet (o) at the beginning of a
1.1 General
API STANDARD 650 Oil Storage paragraph
1.1.1 indicates covers
This standard that either a
material,
NINTH EDITION, JULY 1993 decision or further information is required.
design, fabrication,
31 ADDENDUM 1, DECEMBER 1994 Further
erection,information
and testingshould be
requirements for API 650-1996
ADDENDUM 2, DECEMBER 1995 shown on
vertical, the data sheet(ss ee Appendix
cylindrical,
ADDENDUM 3, DECEMBER 1996 B) or stated in closed-
aboveground, the quotation request
and open-top,
and purchase
welded order.
steel storage
Welded Steel Tanks for 1 Scope
tanks in various sizes and capacities for
API STANDARD 650 oil Storage 1.1 GENERAL
internal pressures
32 1.1.1 This standard covers material, API 650-1998
TENTH EDITION, NOVEMBER 1998 approximating atmospheric pressure
design,
(internalfabrication,
pressures not
erection,
exceedingand thetesting
weightrequirements for
of the roof plates),
Welded Steel Tanks for 1 Scope cylindrical,
vertical,
API STANDARD 650 but a higher internal
Oil Storage 1.1 GENERALclosed- and open-top,
aboveground,
33 TENTH EDITION, NOVEMBER 1998 pressure is permitted when additional API 650-2000
1.1.1
welded This
steelstandard
storage covers material,
ADDENDUM 1, MARCH 2000 requirements are met
design,
tanks in fabrication,
various
(see 1.1.8). Thissizes and applies
standard capacities
onlyforto
erection,
internal and testing requirements for
pressures
API STANDARD 650 Welded Steel Tanks for tanks
1 Scope whose entire
vertical,
approximatingcylindrical,
atmospheric pressure
TENTH EDITION, NOVEMBER 1998 Oil Storage bottom
1.1 is uniformly
GENERAL supported and to
34 aboveground,
(internal closed-
pressures notand open-top, API 650-2001
ADDENDUM 1, JANUARY 2000 tanks in nonrefrigerated
1.1.1
welded
exceeding steel storage
service
This thatthe
standard haveweight of the roof
a maximum
covers plates),
operating
ADDENDUM 2, NOVEMBER 2001 tanks
but a in various
higher sizes material,
internal
design,
and capacities for
temperature
fabrication, of
Welded Steel Tanks for internal
1 Scope
pressure pressures
is permitted when additional
200F (see
erection, and1.1.15).
testing requirements for
API STANDARD 650 Oil Storage approximating
1.1 GENERAL
requirements atmospheric
are met pressure
vertical,
(internal cylindrical,
TENTH EDITION, NOVEMBER 1998 1.1.1
(see Thispressures
1.1.10).
aboveground, standard
This not
covers
standard
closed- and material,
applies only to
35 ADDENDUM 1, JANUARY 2000 exceeding
design,
tanks whose the weighotf
fabrication,
entire theopen-top,
roof plates), API 650-2003
ADDENDUM 2, NOVEMBER 2001 welded
but steel
a higher storage
internal
erection,
bottom
tanks and
inisvarioustesting
uniformly requirements
supported
sizes and to
and capacities for
ADDENDUM 3, SEPTEMBER 2003 pressure
vertical, is permitted
cylindrical,
tanks in pressures
nonrefrigerated when additionalfor
internal
requirements are met
aboveground,
service that have
approximating closed- and open-top,
a maximum
atmospheric operating
pressure
Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, (see
1 1.1.10).
Scope
welded
temperaturesteel This
storage
of standard applies
90C only
(internal
ttaon ks pressures
whose not
entire
API STANDARD 653 and Reconstruction 1.1
tanks INTRODUCTION
in
(200F) (see
exceeding various sizes
the1.1.17).
weight and capacities
of the roof for
plates),
36 bottom
1.1.1
internal is uniformly
pressures supported and t aton API 653-2001
THIRD EDITION, DECEMBER 2001 but
ks
Thisinastandard
higher internal
nonrefrigerated
approximating covers carbon
atmospheric and low alloy
pressure
service is permitted
that have a not when pressure
maximum additional
operating
steel tanks
(internal
requirements pressures
are met
temperature
built to
exceeding API theofweight
90C 650
Standard of and
the its plates),
roof
(see
(200F)1.1.10). This standard applies
(seeinternal
1.1.17). only to
predecessor
but a higher
tanks whose entire API 12C. This
standard
pressure
bottom is is provides
permitted
uniformly minimum requirements
when additional
supported and to
for maintaining
requirements arethe
tanks in nonrefrigerated met
integrity
(see
service of welded
1.1.10).
that have or riveted,
This astandard
maximum applies only to
operating
nonrefrigerated,
tanks
Pgina 4 de 6 whose
temperature atmospheric
entire
of 90C
NORMAS API American Petroleum Institute
Item Designacin Ttulo Alcance Hipervnculo
Quality Improvement Manual for 1.1 Scope
API RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 683 Mechanical Equipment in This recommended practice provides
37 Petroleum, Chemical, and Gas guidelines for improving API 683-1993
FIRST EDITION, SEPTEMBER 1993
Industries the quality of mechanical equipment. It is
intended
Welding of Pipelines and 1
toGeneral
mutually benefit users, contractors, and
API STANDARD 1104 Related Facilities 1.1 SCOPE
38 NINETEENTH EDITION, SEPTEMBER suppliers and facilitate API 1104-1999
This standard
improved covers the
relationships gas andthem
between arc by
1999 welding of butt, fillet,
promoting
and
trust, socket
teamwork, weldsand in carbon
communication. and low-alloy It is
Pipeline Maintenance 1.1
steel Scope
piping 1.3used Equipment
in
API RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 1107 Welding Practices not intended
This recommended to determine practice covers
39 the compression,
certification to or pumping, and
compliance with a API 1107-1991
THIRD EDITION, APRIL 1991 recommended
transmission of maintenance
crude petroleum.
particular
welding quality
practices thatfuel may be used when
petroleum products,
system specification. gases, carbon
making
dioxide, repairs
and
Pressure Testingo f Liquid 1
A
to Scope
three-part
or installing approach
appurtenances for improving oncovers
pipingthe
API RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 11 nitrogen
Petroleum Pipelines This
quality
systems ofand,
recommended
mechanical
which
where applicable,
practice covers the
40 10 welding
pressure on distribution
testing ofin service API 1110-1997
equipment
are or have isbeendescribed in this in the
FOURTH EDITION, MARCH 1997 systems.
new and It applies
existing to both
liquid new
petroleum
recommended
compression, practice,
pumping, and
construction
pipelines.
consisting Itofrecommendsand
(a) in-service
the traditional methods
Installation of Underground transmission
1.1 General
welding.The of crude
welding maypetroleum,
minimum
used
petroleumto helpprocedures
products, andto bebefollowed,done by a
API RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 1615 Petroleum Storage Systems 1.1.1
shielded
suggests Petroleum
metal-arc
equipment product releases from
toapplicable,
41 assure
fuel gases quality;
and, (b)
where techniques that whencan be API 1615-1996
FIFTH EDITION, MARCH 1996 underground
welding,
be used, submerged
and storage
points arc
out welding,
factors togas
be
used to repairs
making identify to
systems
tungsten-arc
considered areduringawelding,
problem the that can affect
those suppliers
distribution piping who have quality
systems for these systems
safety,
gas
pressure health,
metal-arc testing and
welding,
of liquid flux-cored
petroleum arc
API SPECIFICATION Q1 Specification for Quality Programs so
1 effective
Scope
products. that
The welding intense
the environment.
welding,
pipelines. plasma
This Releases may be
arc
recommended
SIXTH EDITION, MARCH 1, 1999 for the Petroleum and Natural Gas user international
This
may involvement
be done is unnecessary:
standard
by shielded species
metal-arc and (c)
42 caused
welding,
practice by
does improper
oxyacetylenenot address installation
welding, or flash
low pressure API Q1-1999
EFFECTIVE DATE: SEPTEMBER 1, Industry suggestions
quality
welding, system
gas tungsten-arc
and
butt maintenance
welding
pneumatic process of a storage system,
1999 on how
requirements
welding, users,
gas metal-arccontractors,
for use where welding,and suppliers
a suppliers
flux-cored
among
or a other
bywork combination
testing.
can
capability
arc welding, together
to design
or toof these processes
Technical Report on Temperature factors.
using
1 Scope
This Successsemiautomatic,
a manual,
recommended in preventing
practice releases
improve
and
depends
or
supply
oxyacetylene
automatic
quality.
onis conforming
welding
awelding
number product
using
technique asuggests
needs or
manual
or arepon
to
API TR 6AF1 Derating on API Flanges Under This repon
procedures
Section
be that a continuation
are
2 describes methods by
demonstrated. to thewhich
43 semiautomatic
of factors,
combination including
of engineering the following: API TR 6AF1-1998
SECOND EDITION, NOVEMBER 1998 Combination of Loading on
based
users
The the capabilities
on sound
prequalify
requirements specied judgment,
are aimed
welding
a. Sound
these technique
design
techniques. of or
The a welds
combination
installations. may beof the
of
but flanges
certain
suppliers,
primarily at under
governmental
prepare
achieving combined
comprehensive loadings
techniques.
b. Proper
produced selection
by position of materials
or from the for
(PRAC
requirements 86-21)2
specifications,
customer may
conduct
satisfaction differ by preventing
Technical Report on Capabilities of This
1 recommended
Introduction
specific
roll welding locations.
or by practice
a combination does of not
which
procedures resulted
communication
nonconformity set in the
forth
atmeetings,
all publication
audit of of API
designs,
API TR 6AF2 API Integral Flanges Under preclude
1.1
c. The
Installation
position using
original in other
and roll welding.design
accordance criteria, with which
sound
44 Bulletin
in
institute
stages 6AF.4
this recommended
manufacturing
from design practice.
through Such
servicing. API TR 6AF2-1999
SECOND EDITION, APRIL 1999 Com binat ion of Loading- methods
all present
engineering
This standard besides
API welding
specifications,
also covers to
theinstall
procedures
Included
requirements
quality
This herein
surveillance,
standard is
should
does an in-depth
be
sponsor
not look
intensive into
Phase Il appurtenances
flanges
practices,
for
the dimensions
radiographic,
effect and
of
or make are address
manufacturer's
elevated based,instructions.
was
fulfilled
factory
competitive
The weldingbecause
testing, or this
commercial
equipment, recommended
whether gas or
developed
d. Capable,
magnetic
temperatures back
particle,onin
adequate API theflanges.
liquid late
supervision
penetrant, and
and
WIRELINE OPERATIONS AND practicies
and
matters
arc, conduct
should suchnot be intended
equipment
as ofprice, toinspections
warranties, at the
1920s
quality
ultrasonic
The and
results 1930s
assurance
testing
inoroverride
this by
during
asrepon Waters prior
are analytical to the
PROCEDURES supersede
site
a prior
guarantees,
type and to or
size clauses
suitable them.for the work and
advent
installation.
well
and as the
assumeof the recent
acceptance
a temperature standards to be
THIRD EDITION Please
start-up.
intended
should betoadequately
be advised
sustain that this document
commercial
45 API VT5-1994 powerful,
e. Thorough
applied
gradient to computer
testing
production
across the technology
at appropriate
flange as andstages
stated in API VT5-1994
BOOK 5 OF THE VOCATIONAL does
Section not
objectives.
maintained preclude
3 (alongtotoensure with Appendix
acceptable A)welds,
associated
during
welds
this tested
repon. finite-element
installation destruction or inspected
TRAINING SERIES requalifying
contains
This
continuity a
guidelines
international
of line for for
standardliquid service
is applicable under in
analysis
and
by
When theprograms.
operation.
radiographic, flange The original
s insulated on analyses
the and
the provisions
evaluating
situations
operation, the of
and type
safety of of quality
personnel. system Arc-
methods
f. Appropriate
magnetic were
particle, used
monitoringliquid and
outside
ASME
effectiveness
when:
welding
surface,
31.8,
equipmentAppendix the
ofdefining
the Npenetrant,
allowable (as provided for
successfully
maintenance
ultrasonic,
loads will beand inprograms.
visualby
higher. the flange design
testing
49
a.
must Code
quality
Design of
system
is
be operated Federal used
required within and a supplier.
theamperage
the product
and
g. pressure
Compliance
methods.
Additional finite rating
with
element appropriate models
Regulations
Emphasis
requirements
and voltage is 195.5
placed
are
ranges (a)
statedon (1)
the (I.)). of five
but
The
new did
regulations.
valuesnot address
flanges stated
in inexternal
either inch-poundloading
commitment
principally of management to theor quality
given
h.
API Use
units inofSI
capabilities.
or
6A, ain
the performance
qualified
The
qualified
units
Sixteenth flange
are welding
contractor:
Edition,
terms,
1989,
procedure;
which
they
system,
need to
gas-welding
designs the
be structure
wereequipment
Pgina 5 de 6
experienced inbased on surface stress
the installation
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