Anda di halaman 1dari 6

ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.

ar
B
2015 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan

e s
b l
R o
an Ba r
Ch e s
b l
R o
an a r
B an
Ch e s Ch
bl an
Ro i a n
an G
u
B ar
Ch e s i t o
DESCRIPTION OF RESPECTIVE JURISDICTIONS
l COLUMN l
s eFIRST b
. J o o
==========================================================
R
o f n r
LABOR ARBITER
P r a Ba
Ch s
1. Under Article 217 of the Labor Code:

e
(a) ULP

bl
(b) Illegal dismissal cases
(c) Money claims exceeding P5k

Ro
(d) Damages arising from EER
(e) Complaint to Declare Strike/Lockout illegal

an r
2. Under Article 124 of the Labor Code:

a
Wage distortion in unorganized establishments

h B
3. Under Article 128(b) of the Labor Code:

C s
Contested cases under its exception clause
4. Under Article 227 of the Labor Code:
Violation of compromise agreements
l e
5. Under Article 262-A of the Labor Code:
Execution of decisions of Voluntary Arbitrators
o b
6. Under Section 10 of R.A. No. 8042, as amended by R.A. No. 10022:
R
1
a n
C h
www.chanroblesbar.com : www.chanroblesbar.com.ph
ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.

ar
B
2015 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan

e s
Money claims of OFWs

b l
7. Per jurisprudence
(a) Employees in GOCCs without original charters

R o(b) Alien parties


(c) Priests and ministers

an r
(d) Domestic workers or kasambahay
(e) Employees of cooperatives
Ba
Ch
(f) Counter-claims of employers against employees

e s
Cases not falling under Labor Arbiters jurisdiction

b l
(a) Breach of a non-compete clause and other post-employment prohibitions
(b) Claims for payment of cash advances, car, appliance and other loans of employees

R o
(c) Dismissal of corporate officers and their monetary claims
(d) Cases involving entities immune from suit

an r
(e) Cases falling under the doctrine of forum non conveniens
(f) Quasi-delict or tort cases
a
B an
Ch
(g) Criminal and civil liabilities arising from violations of certain provisions of the Labor Code
(i) Constitutionality of CBA provisions
e s Ch
NLRC
bl an
Ro a n
1. Exclusive original jurisdiction.
i
an r
a. Petition for injunction in ordinary labor disputes
b. Petition for injunction in strikes or lockouts u a
G B
Ch
c. Certified national interest cases
d. Petition for extraordinary remedies
t o s
2. Exclusive appellate jurisdiction.

e l i
l e
b
a. All cases decided by the Labor Arbiters
s
b. Cases decided by the DOLE Regional Directors on small money claims of P5k or less

J o
c. Contempt cases decided by the Labor Arbiters
. R o
o f n r
P r a
SECOND COLUMN
Ba
Ch
==========================================================

e s
bl
MED-ARBITER

Ro
1. Original and exclusive jurisdiction.
(a) Inter-union disputes, also known as representation/certification election conflicts

an r
(b) Intra-union disputes
(c) Other related labor relations disputes

B a
(d) Contempt cases.

C h s
REGIONAL DIRECTOR
l e
1. Original and exclusive jurisdiction.
o b
R
2
a n
C h
www.chanroblesbar.com : www.chanroblesbar.com.ph
ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.

ar
B
2015 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan

e s
(1) Application for union registration of independent unions, local chapters and workers

b l
associations
(2) Petitions for cancellation of registration of independent unions, local chapters and workers

R o associations
(3) Petitions for deregistration of CBAs

an r
(4) Request for examination of books of accounts of said labor organizations
a
B (BLR) DIRECTOR
Ch s
BUREAU OF LABOR RELATIONS
e
b l
1. Original and exclusive jurisdiction.

Ro
(1) Complaints and petitions involving the registration or cancellation of registration of federations,
national unions, industry unions, trade union centers and their local chapters, affiliates and
member organizations

an a r
(2) Request for examination of books of accounts of said labor organizations (federations, national

B n
unions, industry unions and trade union centers)

C h s a
(3) Intra-union disputes involving said labor organizations (federations, national unions, industry
h
e
unions and trade union centers)
(4) Contempt cases
l C
b a n
Ro
2. Exclusive appellate jurisdiction.

i an
(a) All decisions of the Med-Arbiters in (1) intra-union disputes, and (2) other related labor relations

an u r
disputes

G B a
(b) All decisions originating from the DOLE Regional Directors in the cases falling under their original

h o
jurisdiction as enumerated above

C s
it e
[NOTE: Decisions of Med-Arbiters in inter-union disputes or representation/certification election conflicts, are NOT
l
e l
appealable to the BLR Director but directly to the DOLE Secretary].
s b
. J o
R o
ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS OF THE BLR
f n
1. Registration of labor unions
o r
P r a
2. Keeping of registry of labor unions

Ba
C h
3. Maintenance and custody of the files of CBAs
4. Records of settlement of labor disputes
s
le
5. Copies of orders and decisions of Voluntary Arbitrators

THIRD COLUMN b
Ro
==========================================================

DOLE REGIONAL DIRECTORS


an B a r
C
1. Original and exclusive jurisdiction. h s
(a) Labor standards enforcement cases under Article 128
l e
b
(b) Small money claims of P5k or below

Ro
(c) Occupational safety and health violations

an
3

C h
www.chanroblesbar.com : www.chanroblesbar.com.ph
ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.

ar
B
2015 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan

e s
(d) Registration of unions and cancellation thereof, cases filed against unions and other labor

b l
relations related cases
(e) Complaints against private recruitment and placement agencies (PRPAs) for local employment

R o (f) Cases submitted to them for voluntary arbitration in their capacity as Ex-Officio Voluntary
Arbitrators (EVAs) under Department Order No. 83-07, Series of 2007.

an Ba r
Ch
DOLE SECRETARY

e s
l
1. Powers of the DOLE Secretary.

b
a. Visitorial and enforcement powers

o
b. Power to suspend/effects of termination

R
c. Assumption of jurisdiction
d. Appellate jurisdiction

an a r
e. Voluntary arbitration powers

B an
Ch
2. Original and exclusive jurisdiction.

e s
a. Petition for assumption or certification in national interest cases
Ch
bl
b. Administrative Intervention for Dispute Avoidance (AIDA) cases

an
c. Voluntary arbitration cases

Ro n
3. Appellate jurisdiction.
i a
an r
Appeals to the DOLE Secretary may originate from any of the following offices:
(1) DOLE Regional Directors u a
G B
Ch
(2) Med-Arbiters
o
(3) Director of the Bureau of Labor Relations (BLR)
t s
e l i
(4) Philippine Overseas Employment Administration (POEA)

l e
s
Appeals from DOLE Regional Directors.
o o b
. J
(a) Labor standards enforcement cases under Article 128

R
f
(b) Occupational safety and health violations

o an r
(c) Complaints against private recruitment and placement agencies (PRPAs) for local employment

P r
Ba
Ch
Appeals from Med-Arbiters.

e s
(a) Decisions in inter-union disputes or representation/certification election conflicts

Appeals from BLR Director.


bl
Ro
(a) Decisions in cases cognizable by the BLR Director in the exercise of his original and exclusive
jurisdiction

an a r
4. Decisions NOT appealable to the DOLE Secretary.
Those rendered by:
h B
C s
(1) Labor Arbiters
(2) NLRC

l e
b
(3) BLR Director in the exercise of his appellate jurisdiction
(4) DOLE Regional Directors in small money claims of P5k or below
(5) DOLE Regional Directors in their capacity as Ex-Officio Voluntary Arbitrators (EVAs)
(6) Voluntary Arbitrators
R o
4
a n
C h
www.chanroblesbar.com : www.chanroblesbar.com.ph
ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.

ar
B
2015 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan

e s FOURTH COLUMN

b l ==========================================================

o
RGRIEVANCE MACHINERY
an a r
1. Original and exclusive jurisdiction.

h B
(a) Interpretation or implementation of the CBA

C s
(b) Interpretation or enforcement of company personnel policies

e
(c) Violation of any provisions of the CBA or company personnel policies

l
b
Ro
VOLUNTARY ARBITRATOR

an r
1. Original and exclusive jurisdiction.

B a
(a) Unresolved grievances arising from the interpretation or implementation of the CBA
n
h
(b) Unresolved grievances arising from the interpretation or enforcement of company personnel

s a
C h
policies

l e C
(c) Violations of the CBA which are not gross in character

b
(d) Other labor disputes, including ULP and CBA deadlocks, upon agreement of the parties

a n
Ro
(e) National interest cases

an
(f) Wage distortion cases in organized establishments

i
(g) Unresolved grievances arising from the interpretation and implementation of the Productivity

an u a r
Incentive Programs under R.A. No. 6971
G B
C h t o
[NOTE: Decisions of Voluntary Arbitrators are appealable directly to the CA through Rule 43 ordinary appeal].
s
l i
FIFTH COLUMN l
e
e
o s
o b
==========================================================

. J R
NCMB
o f n r
P r a Ba
C
(a) Notice of strike h
1. Original and exclusive jurisdiction.

s
(b) Notice of lockout
le
b
(c) Notice of preventive mediation

Ro
(d) Conciliation and mediation cases

[NOTE: NCMB is not a quasi-judicial agency, hence, no appeal or certiorari may be instituted from its

an a r
proceedings].

h B
C e s
b l
Ro
an
5

C h
www.chanroblesbar.com : www.chanroblesbar.com.ph
ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.

ar
B
2015 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan

e s ALL COLUMNS

b l ==========================================================

R o
COURT OF APPEALS

an r
1. Rule 65 certiorari petition.
From the decisions of the:

Ba
Ch
(a) NLRC
(b) DOLE Secretary

e s
(c) BLR Director (in decisions rendered in his appellate jurisdiction)

b l
o
2. Rule 43 ordinary appeal.

R
From the decisions of the:
(a) Voluntary Arbitrator

an
SUPREME COURT a r
B an
Ch
1. Rule 45 petition for review on certiorari.
e s Ch
bl
From the decisions of the:

an
(a) Court of Appeals

Ro i a n
an u
-----End-----
G B ar
Ch l i t o
e s
s e bl
. J o
R o
f
P r o an Ba r
Ch e s
bl
Ro
an B a r
C h s
l e
o b
R
6
a n
C h
www.chanroblesbar.com : www.chanroblesbar.com.ph