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TODAYS LESSON

Centro Linguistico di Ateneo Vocabulary 1: Word list Unit 3


Pronunciation: Word stress
IELTS Objective 5 Reading 1: Labelling a diagram
Listening: Labelling a diagram + Multiple choice
Lesson 2 Speaking: Part 2
Reading 2: Matching headings
Vocabulary 2: cause vs make
Writing: Task 1
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IELTS VOCABULARY
IELTS VOCABULARY Vocabulary in the IELTS Objective 5 course

In each lesson you will find:


techniques for learning vocabulary
information about English vocabulary
exercises to practice using IELTS vocabulary

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IELTS VOCABULARY IELTS VOCABULARY

Technique: learning the words in the Word list Which of these words do you understand?
An efficient vocabulary-learning technique: alternative forward-thinking
identify the words you understand (but dont data vehicle
normally use): learn them and activate them! installation unwilling
increase capacity destination
structure funding
Now check with the definitions in Word list Unit 3 page 134.

Do you use these words normally when


you speak/write English??
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IELTS VOCABULARY

Technique: learning the words in the Word list


IELTS PRONUNCIATION

Look at Word list 3 and mark


ALL the words you can
understand without reading
the definition.

Now check the definitions to You have 1 min!


make sure you really
understand the words!

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IELTS PRONUNCIATION IELTS PRONUNCIATION


Word stress Write before each of the syllables you think
alternative is stressed in these words.
How many syllables are there in this word? 6. forward-thinking
1. alternative
Which syllable is stressed? How do you pronounce it? 7. vehicle
2. data
How do you pronounce the syllables that are not stressed?? 3. installation 8. unwilling
4. increase capacity 9. destination
How is word stress indicated in the Word list (and in
5. structure 10. funding
dictionaries)?

Now check with Word list Unit 3.

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IELTS PRONUNCIATION

Pronunciation : More help


IELTS VOCABULARY
If you found word stress difficult, do
Unit 3 Speaking Exercise 1 on the CD-Rom

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IELTS VOCABULARY IELTS VOCABULARY

Practice: work in pairs Example:


Talk about Sergio Marchionne is an innovative and forward-thinking
Sergio Marchionne (FIAT manager) manager. His revolutionary methods have transformed the
Use at least 3 of the words below. FIAT group, which has now increased its capacity for the
production of vehicles.

alternative forward-thinking
increase capacity vehicle alternative forward-thinking
structure innovative increase capacity vehicle
revolutionary upgrade structure innovative
revolutionary upgrade
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IELTS VOCABULARY IELTS VOCABULARY

Practice: work in pairs Possible answer


Talk about Passengers can buy tickets at a reduced price thanks to
RyanAir (or another low-cost airline) RyanAirs innovative pricing system. They also offer a
Use at least 3 of the words below. wide number of different destinations. However, its very
difficult to cancel a flight and it can become quite
destination on average expensive in the end.
increase capacity system
passengers innovative destination on average
at a reduced price cancel increase capacity system
passengers innovative
15 at a reduced price cancel 16

IELTS VOCABULARY
Word list Unit3
Discuss with a partner: what do you think
these words mean?
Page 134

Information about: convenience facilities


False friends & frequently confused words
unique feature cancel

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IELTS VOCABULARY IELTS VOCABULARY

Now check with Word list Unit 3. Practice - Complete the sentences below
with words from the box.
convenience facilities
unique feature cancel a) Urban planners hope many drivers will _____ their
trips or go by public transport if they have to pay to
enter the city centre.
REMEMBER! These words are often used
incorrectly by people who b) The _______ on the ferry include a lounge, an
speak Latin languages. open-air deck, a games area and a cinema.

convenience facilities
unique feature cancel
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Practice - continued IELTS VOCABULARY

c) For the __________ of those passengers who need


IELTS READING
to catch the 9.00 train, we will reach our destination at
about 8.00 tomorrow morning.

d) A ____________ of this trip only is the chance to win


a free holiday if you buy anything in the shopping
area.

convenience facilities
unique feature cancel

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IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES

SKIMMING THE TEXT SKIMMING THE TEXT


Look at the text on p.29.
SKIMMING means reading quickly and
1. SKIM the title and subtitle (30 seconds)
superficially to get a general idea of the
What do you think the text is about?
text

This means that you shouldnt read the whole 2. Read the first sentence of each paragraph. (1 minute)
text in detail. Which paragraph(s) describe how the new electric car
will work?

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IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES IELTS READING

SKIMMING THE TEXT Question Type: Labelling a diagram


Before you look at the questions, skim p.29 ex.4
read the text.
Questions 1 - 4
Never read the whole text in detail. Complete the labels on the diagram on p.29.

Start by reading the title and the subtitle. Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A
NUMBER from the passage for each answer.
Read the topic sentence in each
paragraph usually the first sentence.
Now go to the question.
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IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES

Strategy for Labelling a diagram questions


Strategy for Labelling a diagram questions
2. Look at the diagram to form a general idea of
1. Read the instructions carefully - how many what its about.
words can you write?
Questions 1 - 4
Complete the labels on the diagram on p.29.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A


NUMBER from the passage for each answer.

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IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES


IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES
Strategy for Labelling a diagram questions
Strategy for Labelling a diagram questions
3. Note any labels already on the diagram they
can help you find the answer 4. What kind of information is missing in each gap?

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IELTS READING
IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES
p.29 ex.4 Labelling a diagram
Strategy 4: What kind of information is missing in each Strategy for Labelling a diagram questions
gap?
An electric car 5. In which part of the text can you find the answers?
Car connects to (1)________________________
NOUN source of energy
through home charge point.
Battery allows travel of up to (2)__________ in cities.
Battery can be recharged at (3)__________ or shops.
Car communicates with control centre to receive power
at lowest (4)____________.
(5)_______________ inside car locates switch stations.
(6)____________________ at switch centre will change
batteries.
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IELTS READING
IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES
p.29 ex.4 Labelling a diagram
Strategy for Labelling a diagram questions Strategy 5: In which part of the text can you find the
answers?
6. Read around the gap in the labels. Can you find An electric car
equivalent words in the text? Car connects to (1)____________ through home charge point.
An electric car
Car connects to (1)___________ through a home charge point, and through this, the vehicle will be
home charge point. plugged into the electricity grid
grid

car vehicle
connects to plugged into
home charge point home charge point
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IELTS READING
IELTS READING
Remember the strategy
p.29 ex.4 ANSWERS
1. Read the instructions carefully - how An electric car
many words can you write? Car connects to (1)____________ through home charge
point.
Page 29 2. Look at the diagram to form a general
idea of what its about. Battery allows travel of up to (2)__________ in cities.
Exercise 4 3. Note any labels on the diagram they can Battery can be recharged at (3)__________ or shops.
help you find the answer Car communicates with control centre to receive power
4. What kind of information is missing in at lowest (4)____________.
each gap? (5)_______________ inside car locates switch stations.
5. In which part of the text can you find the (6)________ at switch centre will change batteries.
answers?
6. Read around the gap in the labels. Can
you find equivalent words in the text?
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IELTS READING
IELTS READING
p.29 ex.5

1. Do you think electric cars will replace


Page 29
diesel or petrol cars? Why/Why not?
Exercise 5

2. Would you like to have an electric car?


Why/Why not?

Talk in pairs
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IELTS SPEAKING

IELTS Reading : More help


IELTS LISTENING
If you found the reading exercises difficult, do
Unit 3 Reading Exercise 1 on the CD-Rom

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IELTS LISTENING
IELTS LISTENING
Labelling a diagram

Page 30
ex. 1 - 3

Questions 1 5
Listen and label the diagram on p.30.
41 Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer. 42

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IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES

Strategy for Labelling a diagram questions Strategy for Labelling a diagram questions
2. Look at the diagram to form a general idea of
1. Read the instructions carefully - how many what its about.
words can you write?

Questions 1 5
Listen and label the diagram on p.30.

Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.

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IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES

Strategy for Labelling a diagram questions Strategy for Labelling a diagram questions
3. Notice the order of the questions on the
diagram. 4. Note any labels on the diagram they can help
1 you find the answer
2
Restaurant for a (1)__________
or meal

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IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES


IELTS LISTENING
Strategy for Labelling a diagram questions
Remember the strategy
5. What kind of information is missing in each gap?
Page 30 Read the instructions carefully how
many words can you write?
(other type of refreshment)
Restaurant for a (1)_____________ Exercise 3
Look at the diagram to form a general
or meal
idea of what its about.
Notice the order of the questions on the
time? place?
Cinema tickets available at (2)__________ diagram.
Note any labels on the diagram they
can help you find the answer
What kind of information is missing in
47 each gap? 48

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IELTS LISTENING

p.30 ex 3 Labelling a diagram


IELTS LISTENING
Questions 1 5
Listen and label the diagram.
Page 30
ex. 4 - 6

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IELTS LISTENING IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES

Multiple choice
Strategy for Multiple choice questions
1) Underline the key words in the questions.
6. At approximately what time will the ship arrive?
Questions 6 10 A. at 7 a.m. B. at 8 a.m. C. at 9 a.m.
Choose the correct letter,
A, B or C. 7. Which of these can children have in the restaurant?
A. a childrens menu
B. earlier mealtimes
C. a childrens party

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IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES


IELTS LISTENING
Strategy for Multiple choice questions
Remember the strategy
2) Prepare to listen for phrases that mean the
1. Underline the key words in the
same as the key words. Page 30 -31 questions.
6. At approximately what time will the ship arrive? Exercises 4 - 6 2. Prepare to listen for phrases
A. at 7 a.m. B. at 8 a.m. C. at 9 a.m. that mean the same as the
key words.
a. a unique feature of this crossing only
b. for those using the lounge
c. for 20 percent off
d. passengers with children
e. reaching our destination 53 54

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IELTS LISTENING IELTS LISTENING

Page 30 Read Qs 6 10 and underline the Page 31 Now listen and answer Qs 6 - 10.
Exercise 4 key words in each question. Exercise 6 Choose the correct letter: A, B or C.

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IELTS LISTENING

IELTS Listening : More help


IELTS SPEAKING
If you found the listening exercises difficult, do
Unit 3 Listening Exercise 1,2 on the CD-Rom

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IELTS SPEAKING
IELTS SPEAKING
IELTS Speaking Part 2: introduction
Describe a journey you made in the past that you remember well.
You should say:
Page 31 what forms of transport you used and why
who you travelled with
Exercise 1 what was good and bad about it
and explain why you remember the trip so well.

The examiner gives you a topic card.


You have 1 minute to prepare (think and write some notes).
You have to talk about the topic for 2 minutes
You must include all the information
on the topic card.
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IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES

IELTS Speaking Part 2 : Preparation (1 min.) IELTS Speaking Part 2 : Preparation (1 min.)
1. Identify the key ideas in the topic card.
2. Decide which tenses you will need.
Describe a journey you made in the past that you
Describe a journey you made in the past that you
remember well.
remember well.
You should say:
You should say:
what forms of transport you used and why
what forms of transport you used and why
who you travelled with
who you travelled with
what was good and bad about it p.31
what was good and bad about it
and explain why you remember the trip so well.
and explain why you remember the trip so well.

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PRONUNCIATION
PRONUNCIATION Whats the Past Simple of these verbs?
Which verbs get an extra syllable in the Past? Why?

watch O
enjoy oO
start O
want O
work O
study Oo
ask O
finish Oo
invent oO
63 need O 64

PRONUNCIATION PRONUNCIATION

Say these verbs in the past.


Regular past forms: RULES
Pay attention to the pronunciation which
For most regular verbs, pronounce the past form ending (-ed) verbs get an extra syllable?
/d/ or /t/
Do NOT add an extra syllable. appear oO appeared like O liked
watched, worked, enjoyed create oOo created look O looked
decide oOo decided occur oO occurred
For regular verbs ending in t or d, pronounce the past form end Oo ended play Oo played
ending (-ed)
/ d/ hate Oo hated react oOo reacted
This is pronounced as an extra syllable. hope O hoped remember oOo remembered
started, wanted, needed improve oO improved wish O wished

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IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES IELTS SPEAKING

IELTS Speaking Part 2 : Talk about the topic


IELTS Speaking Part 2 : Preparation (1 min.)
(2 mins)
3. Write useful notes.Include adjectives. Describe a journey you made in the past that you
Describe a journey you made in the past that you remember well.
You should say:
Describe a journey you made in the past that you remember well.
cheap, convenient who you travelled with
remember well.
what forms of transport you used and why

You should say:


what was good and bad about it
bus what forms of transport you used and why Which
and explain is
why the bestthe trip
you remember way to begin?
so well.
who you travelled with
what was good and bad about it
classmates + 2 teachers
a) Id like to tell you about a journey I made across Europe last
and explain why you remember the trip so well.
year. I remember it very well because
+ being with my friends
+ visiting an amazing city b) A journey I made in the past that I remember well is
+ learning without going to school!
- Bus uncomfortable c) I went to Paris with my class last year. We travelled by bus.
- Disgusting breakfast at hotel
- Cold and rainy weather 67 68

IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES


IELTS Speaking Part 2: Talk about the topic
IELTS Speaking Part 2 : Talk about the topic
(2 mins) (2 mins)
4. Use an opening phrase to start. 5. Close your talk.
Describe a journey you made in the past that you and
Describe aexplain why
journey you made in the you
past thatremember
you remember well. the trip so well.
remember well. You should say:
You should say: what forms of transport you used and why
what forms of transport you used and why Some possible phrases to close your talk:
who you travelled with
what was good and bad about it
who you travelled with and explain why you remember the trip so well.
what was good and bad about it
and explain why you remember the trip so well. So, I think I remember this trip well because
Id like to tell you about Finally, Id like to say that
Im going to talk about All in all, I think..
I want to tell you
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IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES


IELTS SPEAKING
IELTS Speaking Part 2:
summary of strategies
1. Identify the key ideas in the topic card. Page 31
2. Decide which tenses you will need. Exercise 4
3. Write useful notes. Include adjectives.
4. Use an opening phrase to start.
5. Close your talk.

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IELTS SPEAKING IELTS SPEAKING

Prepare to speak about this topic card. Remember the strategies!

Describe a journey you made in the past that you


remember well. 1. Identify the k___ i_____ in the topic card.
You should say: 2. Decide which t_______ you will need.
what forms of transport you used and why 3. Write useful n_____. Include adjectives.
who you travelled with 4. Use an o_______ phrase to start.
what was good and bad about it
p.31 5. C______ your talk.
and explain why you remember the trip so well.

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IELTS SPEAKING

Preparation making notes IELTS SPEAKING


Describe a journey you made in the past that you
remember well. p.31
You should say: Page 31
what forms of transport you used and why
Exercise 5 Work in pairs
who you travelled with
what was good and bad about it
and explain why you remember the trip so well.

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You have 1 min!

IELTS SPEAKING IELTS SPEAKING

2 minutes to speak. IELTS Speaking Part 2


Describe a journey you made in the past that you
remember well. Describe a place that you would like to visit.
You should say: You should say:
what forms of transport you used and why what place it is
who you travelled with p.31 what you would like to do there
what was good and bad about it how you would get there
and explain why you remember the trip so well. and explain why you would like to visit this place.

REMEMBER THE STRATEGIES!


Identify the key ideas in the topic card.
Now speak to your partner for Decide which tenses you will need.
2 minutes about the topic. Write useful notes. Include adjectives.
Use an opening phrase to start.
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Close your talk.

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IELTS SPEAKING

IELTS Speaking : More help IELTS READING


For more practice, do
Unit 3 speaking Exercise 2 on the CD-Rom

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IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES


IELTS READING SKIMMING THE TEXT

Page 33 SKIMMING means reading quickly and


superficially to get a general idea of the text.

This means that you shouldnt


read the whole text in detail.

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IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES

SKIMMING THE TEXT SKIMMING THE TEXT


Look at the text on p.33. Before you look at the questions, skim
1. SKIM the title and subtitle (30 seconds) read the text.
What do you think the text is about?
Never read the whole text in detail.

2. Read the first sentence of each paragraph. (1 minute) Start by reading the title and the subtitle.
Which paragraph discusses road construction as a Read the topic sentence in each
solution to the problem? paragraph usually the first sentence.
Now go to the question.
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IELTS READING IELTS READING
Question type: Matching headings Question type: Matching headings
The Reading Passage on p.33 has five paragraphs A E. You have to match a heading to a paragraph.
Choose the correct heading for each paragraph, A E, from The headings represent the main ideas in the paragraphs,
the list of headings below. NOT specific details.
You can use each heading only once.
List of Headings
Paragraph A Note that there are more headings than paragraphs.
i A solution which is no solution
Paragraph B List of Headings
ii Changing working practices Paragraph A
iii Closing city centres to traffic Paragraph C i A solution which is no solution
Paragraph B
iv Making cars more environmentally friendly Paragraph D ii Changing working practices
v Not doing enough iii Closing city centres to traffic Paragraph C
Paragraph E
vi Paying to get in iv Making cars more environmentally friendly Paragraph D
vii A global problem v Not doing enough
Paragraph E
vi Paying to get in
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vii A global problem

IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES

Strategy for Matching headings questions IELTS READING


1. Read the first paragraph and try to identify the topic
sentence. Underline the main ideas and related
words/phrases. Page 33
Exercise 5
2. Choose the heading that best represents the main
idea/s.

3. Do the same for the next paragraph.

4. If you are not sure about one paragraph, do the


rest of the task before matching it to a heading.
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IELTS WRITING IELTS WRITING


PART NR of SUGGESTED REQUIRED STYLE
WORDS TIME LIMIT CONTENT
Summarise the formal
TASK Minimum information
1 150 20 minutes given in a table,
words graph, chart,
diagram or map
Minimum Essay: formal
TASK 250 40 minutes presenting and
2 words justifying
opinions

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IELTS WRITING GRAMMAR

Page 34 Review MAKING COMPARISONS


Exercise 2 See Key Grammar p.36
and
Language Reference p. 122

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IELTS WRITING IELTS WRITING

Page 34 Page 35
Exercise 3 Exercise 4.1

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IELTS WRITING IELTS WRITING

Page 35 Page 35
Exercise 4.2 Exercise 5

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IELTS WRITING IELTS WRITING

...p.35, ex.5 p.35, ex.5


1. What does the table show? 2. Which is the most common means of
transport?

% of travellers per average age of % of travellers per average age of


form of transport traveller form of transport traveller

car (1 person) 48 43 car (1 person) 48 43


car (more than one 11 44 car (more than one 11 44
person) person)
cycle / walk 4 39 cycle / walk 4 39
train / bus 37 47 97 train / bus 37 47 98

IELTS WRITING IELTS WRITING

p.35, ex.5 p.35, ex.5


3. Which is the least common means of transport? 4. Which group of travellers has the highest
average age?

% of travellers per average age of % of travellers per average age of


form of transport traveller form of transport traveller

car (1 person) 48 43 car (1 person) 48 43


car (more than one 11 44 car (more than one 11 44
person) person)
cycle / walk 4 39 cycle / walk 4 39
train / bus 37 47 99 train / bus 37 47 100

IELTS WRITING IELTS WRITING

p.35, ex.5 p.35, ex.5


5. Which group of travellers has the lowest 6. What does the chart show?
average age?

% of travellers per average age of


form of transport traveller

car (1 person) 48 43
car (more than one 11 44
person)
cycle / walk 4 39
train / bus 37 47 101 102

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IELTS WRITING IELTS WRITING

p.35, ex.5 p.35, ex.5


7. Which forms of transport cause little or no 8. Which form of transport causes the most
pollution? pollution?

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Do an IELTS Writing Task 1


IELTS WRITING
at home
P.35, ex.7 from the book
Page 35 Use your answers to the questions in ex.5.
Exercise 6 Structure your answer in paragraphs
(see ex.7).
Use language from the sample answer
in ex.3 which you think is useful.
Remember to compare information in
the table and the chart.

You can make an appointment with an English teacher


105
at the CLA to correct your Task 1. 106

Do these exercises at home

Key Grammar p.36


Language reference Unit 3
p. 122-123
Learn Word List Unit 3 p.134

Do Unit 3 on
the CD Rom
107

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