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No copyright shall subsist in any work of the

Government of the Republic of the Philippines. However,
prior approval of the government agency or office wherein
the work is created shall be necessary for exploitation of
such work for profit.

This material was originally produced by the Bureau of Elementary

Education of the Department of Education, Republic of the Philippines.

At the end of this lesson, you will able to:

explain how skeletal system gives the body form, shape and support

You have just learned some bones that make up the skeletal system. Can
you still remember them? Try doing the activity below.


Rearrange the jumbled letters inside the box to from the correct word being
described by the group of words at the right. Do it in your notebook.

1. H B O N S E I P located just below the waist

2. S P I L A N C O M N L U consists of 26 vertebrae

3. R B I G A C E consists of 12 ribs on each side of the body

4. K U L S L it is the top of the spine


Identify the numbered part of the skeletal system. Write the answers in your

A. Have you ever made a kite with a
` shape? What did you use as its
frame? Where did you paste the paper
to complete the kite? When the kite
was finished, did it have a shape
similar to its frame?

B. Have you see n a house being built?

What did the carpenters build first?
Does the framework make the house
stand? Does it also give a definite
form to the house?

C. Look at your classmates or other persons. Also look at yourself in the mirror.
Are the heads rounded? Are the arms and legs long?

Read: Framework for Shape

The skeletal is the framework of the human body. The framework of your body is made
up of rigid and strong materials called bones. The skeletal system gives shape to the
body. Without the skeletal system, the body will look like a paper kite without a rigid

D. Perform the following:

o stand
o sit
o lie down

After performing the activities, did the different parts of your body change

Read: For Support and Anchorage

Aside from giving shape to your body, the skeletal system also supports body weight.
Without the bones, you cannot stand, sit erect or lie down.

The muscles in your arms remain in your arms. Your heart and lungs remain in your
chest. This is possible because your bones provide an anchorage on which the
different soft parts of your bodies remain in place.

Read and Learn More:

In the human body, it is the skeletal system that forms a strong framework for body
support. Below is the chart showing some and the support they provide.

Breastbone Anchorage for the ribs in front
Femur Bears weight of upper body
Pelvic girdle Supports spinal column and legs
Spinal column Makes body straight, supports head
Shoulder girdle Supports arms

I learned that:

the framework of the body is made up of rigid and strong materials

called bones

the skeletal system gives the body from, shape and support.

Answer each question/situation correctly and briefly. Do it in your


1. Allan met a vehicular accident. The bone in his left arm was hit. Which bone in
his body will now support his left arm?

2. What do you think will happen to the human skeleton if you will wrap it in a
blanket? What shape will the blanket take? Why?

A. Write True if the statement is correct and False if it is incorrect. Do it
in your notebook.

1. The skeletal system provides body support.

2. Without your bones, you cannot stand or sit erect.

3. Not every part of the body has its shape.

4. The skeletal system does not support your body weight.

5. The skeletal system gives shape to the body.

B. Column A consists the names of the bones and Column B tells the
supports they provide. Match the bones with the supports they provide
by writing the
letter of the correct answer. Do it in your notebook.

A. B.

1. Breastbone a. anchorage for the ribs in front

2. Pelvic girdle b. supports

3. Femur c. makes body straight; supports

4. Shoulder girdle d. supports spinal column and legs

5. Spinal column e. supports arms

Congratulations for working diligently with this module. Try to share your
experience with your classmate and discuss with your teacher or elder
brother or sister at home.