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TUGAS BESAR MEKANIKA REKAYASA 3

PERHITUNGAN MOMEN DISTRIBUSI (CROSS)


Dosen Pembimbing : Syahroni, ST

DISUSUN OLEH

JULEHA
NIM.1213019

CIVIL ENGINEERING COURSES

ENGINEERING FACULTY

UNIVERSITY OF PASIR PENGARAIAN

2013
A. Beban Mati Merata Plat Atap
- berat plat atap setebal 12 cm (0,12 x 24) = 2,88 kN/m2
- berat aspal pelapis setebal 12 cm (0,12 x 1,17) = 0,14 kN/m2
- berat langit-langit dan penggantung = 0,18 kN/m2
- berat genang air = 0,5 kN/m2

- berat instalasi listrik = 0,5 kN/m2 +


QD atap = 4,2 kN/m2

B. Beban Mati Merata Plat Lantai


- berat plat lantai setebal 12 cm (0,12 x 24) = 2,88 kn/m2
- berat spesi setebal 1 cm (0,12 x 2,1) = 0,21 kn/m2
- berat tegel setebal 2 cm (0,2 x 2,4) = 0,48 kN/m2
- berat langit-langit dan penggantung = 0,18 kN/m2
- berat instalasi listrik = 0,5 kN/m2 +
QD lantai = 4,25 kN/m2

C. Beban Hidup Merata Plat Atap


- beban hidup QL (LA) = 1 kN/m2

D. Beban Hidup Merata Plat Lantai


- beban hidup (QL) = 2,5 kN/m2
- koefisien reduksi = 0,6
QL lantai = beban hidup x faktor reduksi
= 2,5 kN/m2 x 0,6
= 1,5 kN/m2

Jumlah beban merata plat lantai = 4,25 + 1,5


= 5,75 kN/m2
q = 5,75 kN/m2 x 5 m
= 28,75 kN/m
Jumlah beban merata plat atap = 4,2 + 1
= 5,2 kN/m2
q = 5,2 kN/m2 x 5 m
= 26 kN/m

B5 = 20/30
4 m P Q R
K5 = 50/50
B4 = 20/40
4 m M N O
k4 = 50/50
B3 = 20/40
4 m J K L
k3 = 50/50
B2 = 20/40
4 m G H I
k2 = 50/50
B1 = 20/40
D E F
k1 = 50/50
4 m
A B C

5 m 5 m

BJ balok dan kolom = 24 kN/m


- beban merata balok lantai = b x h x bj
= 0,2 m x 0,4 m x 24 kN/m
= 1,92 kN/m
- beban merata balok atap = b x h x bj
= 0,2 m x 0,3 m x 24 kN/m
= 1,44 kN/m

Beban Merata Atap = 26 + 1,44


= 27,44 kN/m
Beban Merata Lantai = 28,75 + 1,92
= 30,67 kN/m

Beban Terpusat Kolom Atap = b x h x l x bj


= 0,5 x 0,5 x 4 x 24
= 24 kN

q= 2,744 q= 2,744
P Q R

4 m
M N O
q= 3,067 q= 3,067

4 m
J K L
q= 3,067 q= 3,067

4 m
G H I
q= 3,067 q= 3,067

4 m
D E F
q= 3,067 q= 3,067

4 m

A B C

5 m 5 m

Perhitungan Momen Primer (M0) pada tumpuan Jepit :


MP (MP-Q = MQ-R) = 1/12 x q x L2 = 1/12 x 2,744 x (5)2 = 5,717 tm

MP (MM-N = MN-O) = 1/12 x q x L2 = 1/12 x 3,067x (5)2 = 6,390 tm

MP (MJ-K = MK-L) = 1/12 x q x L2 = 1/12 x 3,067x (5)2 = 6,390 tm

MP (MG-H = MH-I) = 1/12 x q x L2 = 1/12 x 3,067x (5)2 = 6,390 tm

MP (MD-E = ME-F) = 1/12 x q x L2 = 1/12 x 3,067x (5)2 = 6,390 tm

Momen inersia (I)

I= 45000,000 I= 45000,000
P Q R

520833,33
400 mm I= 520833,333 I= 3 I= 520833,333
M N O
I= 106666,667 I= 106666,667
520833,33
I= 520833,333 I= 3 I= 520833,333
400 mm
J K L
I= 106666,667 I= 106666,667

520833,33
I= 520833,333 I= 3 I= 520833,333
400 mm
G H I
I= 106666,667 I= 106666,667

520833,33
I= 520833,333 I= 3 I= 520833,333
400 mm
D E F
I= 106666,667 I= 106666,667

520833,33
400 mm I= 520833,333 I= 3 I= 520833,333

A B C

500 mm 500 mm

B5 = 20 x 30 1/12 x 20 x (30)3 = 45000,000

B4 = 20 x 40 1/12 x 20 x (40)3 = 106666,667 B4 = B3 = B2 = B1

K1 = 50 x 50 1/12 x 50 x (50)3 = 520833,333 K1 = K2 = K3 = K4=K5

Angka kekakuan batang (K)


k= 90 k= 90
P Q R

400 mm k= 1302 k= 1302 k= 1302


M N O
k= 213,33 k= 213,33

k= 1302 k= 1302 k= 1302


400 mm
J K L
k= 213,33 k= 213,33

k= 1302 k= 1302 k= 1302


400 mm
G H I
k= 213,33 k= 213,33

k= 1302 k= 1302 k= 1302


400 mm
D E F
k= 213,33 k= 213,33

400 mm k= 1302 k= 1302 k= 1302

A B C

500 mm 500 mm

KP-Q = KQ-R = IP-Q / L = 45000,000 / 500 = 90

KM-N = IM-N / L = 106666,667/ 500 = 213,33


KM-N = KN-O KJ-K = KK-L = KG-H = KH-I = KD-E = KE-F
KP-M = IP-M / L = 213333,333 / 500 = 533
KP-M = KQ-N = KR-O
KM-J = IM-J / L = 520833,333 / 500 = 1302
KM-J =KN-K =KO-L=KJ-G =KK-H =KL-I =KG-D =KH-E =KI-F =KD-A =KE-B =KF-C

Koefisien Distribusi :
Titik simpul P
KP-Q = 90,000 P-Q= 90,000/623,333 = 0,144
KP-M= 533,333 + P-M= 533,333/623,333 = 0,856 +
P = 1,000
KP = 623,333

Titik simpul Q
KQ-P = 90,000 Q-P = 90,000/713,333 = 0,126
KQ-R = 90,000 Q-R = 90,000/713,333 = 0,126
KQ-N = 533,333 + Q-N = 533,333/713,333 = 0,748 +
KQ = 713,333 Q = 1,000

Titik simpul R

KR-Q = 90,000
KR-O = 533,333 + R-Q = 90,000/623,333 = 0,144
R-O = 533,333/623,333 = 0,856 +
KR = 623,333
R= 1,000

Titik simpul M
KM-P = 533,333 M-P = 533,333/2048,750 = 0,260
KM-N = 213,333 M-N = 213,333/2048,750 = 0,104
KM-J = 1302,083 + M-J = 1302,083/2048,750 = 0,636 +
KM = 2048,750 M = 1,000

Titik simpul N
KN-Q = 533,333 N-Q = 533,333/2262,083 = 0,236
KN-M = 213,333 N-M = 533,333/2262,083 = 0,094
KN-O = 213,333 N-O = 213,333/2262,083 = 0,094
KN-K = 1302,083 + N-K = 1302,083/2262,083= 0,576 +
KN = 2262,083 N = 1,000

Titik simpul O
KO-R= 533,333 O-R = 533,333/2048,750 = 0,260
KO-N = 213,333 O-N = 213,333/2048,750 = 0,104
KO-L = 1302,083 + O-L = 1302,083/2048,750 = 0,636 +
KO = 2048,750 O = 1,000

Titik simpul J
KJ-M = 1302,083 J-M = 1302,083/2817,500 = 0,462
KJ-K = 213,333 J-K = 213,333/2817,500 = 0,076
KJ-G = 1302,083 + J-G = 1302,083/2817,500 = 0,462 +
KJ = 2817,500 J = 1,000

Titik simpul K
KK-N = 1302,083 K-N= 1302,083/3030,883 = 0,430
KK-J = 213,333 K-J = 213,333/3030,883 = 0,070
KK-L = 213,333 K-L = 213,333/3030,883 = 0,070
KK-H = 1302,083 + K-H = 1302,083/3030,883 = 0,430 +
KK = 3030,883 K = 1,000

Titik simpul L
KL-O = 1302,083 L-O = 1302,083/2817,500 = 0,462
KL-K = 213,333 L-K = 213,333/2817,500 = 0,076
KL-I = 1302,083 + L-I = 1302,083/2817,500 = 0,462 +
KL = 2817,500 L = 1,000

Titik simpul G
KG-J = 1302,083 G-J = 1302,083/2817,500 = 0,462
KG-H = 213,333 G-H = 213,333/2817,500 = 0,076
KG-D = 1302,083 + G-D = 1302,083/2817,500 = 0,462 +
KG = 2817,500 G = 1,000

Titik simpul H
KH-K = 1302,083 H-K = 1302,083/3030,883 = 0,430
KH-G = 213,333 H-G = 213,333/3030,883 = 0,070
KH-I = 213,333 H-I = 213,333/3030,883 = 0,070
KH-E = 1302,083 + H-E = 1302,083/3030,883 = 0,430 +
KH = 3030,883 H = 1,000
Titik simpul I
KI-L = 1302,083 I-L = 1302,083/2817,500 = 0,462
KI-H = 213,333 I-H = 213,333/2817,500 = 0,076
KI-F = 1302,083 + I-F = 1302,083/2817,500 = 0,462 +
KI = 2817,500 I = 1,000

Titik simpul D
KD-G = 1302,083 D-G = 1302,083/2817,500 = 0,462
KD-E = 213,333 D-E = 213,333/2817,500 = 0,076
KD-A = 1302,083 + D-A = 1302,083/2817,500 = 0,462 +
KD = 2817,500 D = 1,000

Titik simpul E
KE-H = 1302,083 E-H = 1302,083/3030,883 = 0,430
KE-F = 213,333 E-F = 213,333/3030,883 = 0,070
KE-D = 213,333 E-D = 213,333/3030,883 = 0,070
KE-B = 1302,083 + E-B = 1302,083/3030,883 = 0,430 +
KE = 3030,883 E = 1,000

Titik simpul F
KF-I = 1302,083 F-I = 1302,083/2817,500 = 0,462
KF-E = 213,333 F-E = 213,333/2817,500 = 0,076
KF-C = 1302,083 + F-C = 1302,083/2817,500 = 0,462 +
KF = 2817,500 F = 1,000

Perhitungan Momen Distribusi (Cross