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TELANGANA STATE BOARD OF INTERMEDIATE EDUCATION, HYDERABAD

VOCATIONAL BRIDGE COURSE

CHEMISTRY First Year (w.e.f. 2016-2017)

QUESTION BANK

Chapter 1: ATOMIC STURCTURE


Short Answer Questions (4 Marks)
1. What are the postulates of Bohrs model of hydrogen atom?
2. Explain various series of line spectra in hydrogen atom?
3. What are the evidences in favour of dual behavior of electron?
4. Explain the significance of n, l, m1 and ms quantum numbers?
5. Define atomic orbitals, write the shapes of s, p, and d orbitals?
6. Define Aufbau Principle, Paulis exclusion Principle and Hunds rule of maximum
multiplicity?

Chapter2: CLASSIFICATION OF ELEMENTS AND PERIODICITY OF PROPERTIES


Short Answer Questions (4 Marks)
7. State modern periodic law? How many groups and periods are present in the long form
of the periodic table?
8. Write an essay on s, p, d and f block elements?
9. What is periodic property? How the following properties vary in a group and in a
period, explain?
a) Atomic radius b) Electron gain enthalpy?
10. What is periodic property? How the following properties vary in a group and in a
period?
a) Ionisation Enthalpy b) Electro negativity.
11. Why secondary Ionisation Enthalpy is greater than primary Imisation enthalpy, explain
it?

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Chapter 3: CHEMICAL BONDING AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE
Short Answer Questions (4 Marks)
12. Explain the formation of Ionic bond?
13. What are the factors favorable for the formation of Ionic bond.
14. How do you predict the shapes of the following molecules making use of VSEPR
theory?
a) Xe F2 b) Br Fs c) Cl F3 d) SF4
15. Explain the structure of CH4 molecule.
16. Explain the hybridisation involved in PCl5 molecule.
17. Explain the hybridization involved in SF6 molecule.
18. What is Hydrogen bond? What are the different types of hydrogen bonds. Give
example.
19. What is meant by bond order? Calculate the bond orde3r in the following.
a) N2 b) O2

Chapter 4: STATES OF MATTER: GASES AND LIQUIDS


Very Short Answer Questions (01 Mark)
1. What is Ideal gas?
2. Give the values of gas constant in different units?
3. Sate Grahams law of diffusion?
4. How many times methane diffuse faster than sulphar dioxide
5. State Doltons law of Partial Pressure?
6. Give the relation between the Partial Pressure of a gas and its mole fraction?
7. Give an equation to calculate the kinetic energy of gas molecules?
8. What is Boltzmans constant? Give its value?
9. What is Rms speed?
10. What is Average speed?
11. What most probable speed?
12. What is surface tension.
13. Write the postulates of the kinetic molecular theory. (04 Marks)

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Chapter 5: STOICHEMISTRY
Very Short Answer Questions (2 Marks)
14. How many number of moles of glucose present in 540 gms of glucose.
15. The empirical formula of a compound is CH2O its molecular weight is 90. Calculate
the molecular formula of the compound.
16. Define the molar mass.
17. Define normality?
18. What are dps proportionation reactions.
19. Write formulas for the following compounds.
a) Mercury (II) Chloride b) Nickel (II) Sulphate c) Tin (IV) orise
d) Thallium (I) Sulpate e) Iron (III) Sulphate f) Chromium (III) Oxide.
20. Assign oxidation number to the underlined elements in each of the following species.
a) NaH2PO4 b) NaHSO4 c) H4P2O7 d) K2MnO4
e) CaO2 f) NaBH4 g) H2S2O7

Chapter 6: THERMODINAMICS
Very Short Answer Questions (2 Marks)
21. State the first law of the thermodynamics. (2 Marks)
22. What are intensive and extensive properties? (2 Marks)
23. Define the Enthalpy of combustion? (2 Mrks)
24. State Hesss law of constant Heat summation? (1 Mark)
25. Define Entropy, Gibbs energy? (1 Mark)
26. State the second law of thermodynamics?
27. State third law of thermo dynamics?

Chapter 7: CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM AND ACID - BASES


Very Short Answer Questions (4 Marks)
28. What is homogenous equilibrium? Write two homogenous reactions?
29. What is heterogenous equilibrium? Write two heterogenous reactions.
30. Write the relation between KP and KC.

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31. Define law of mass action.
32. Discuss the application of Le-Chateliers Principle for the industrial synthesis of
Ammonia?
33. Discuss the application of Le-Chateliers Principle for the industrial synthesis of
sulpur trioxide.
34. Explain the Arrhenius concept of acids and bases?
35. What is a conjugate acid-base pair? Give Example.
36. Define Lewis Acids and Lewis bases?
37. Define PH?
38. Define ionic product of water? What is its value at room temperature?
39. Give two examples of salts whose aqueous solutions are basic?
40. Give two examples of slats whose aqueous solutions are acidic?
41. Define Buffer solution. Give example for acidic buffer and basic buffer solution.

Chapter 8: HYDROGEN AND ITS COMPOUNDS


Very Short Answer Questions (2 Marks)
42. Describe one method of producing high quality hydrogen?
43. Why is dihydrogen used in welding of high melting metals?
44. Explain the terms hard water and soft water?
45. What is the chemical substance used in calgen method?
46. What are the uses of hydrogen fule?
47. Mention three uses of H2O2 in modern times?
48. Write any two methods of preparation of H2O2.

Chapter 9: THE S-BLOCK ELEMENTS


Short Answer Questions (4 Marks)
49. Write completely the electronic configuration of K and Rb?
50. Lithium salts are mostly hydrated. Why?
51. In what respects lithium hydrogen carbonate differs from other alkali metal hydrogen
carbonates?
52. Describe important uses of caustic soda?

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53. Describe important uses of sodium carbonates?
54. Give an account of the biological importance of Na+ and K+ ions.
55. Write the complete electronic configurations of any two alkaline earth metals?
56. What happens when magnesium metal is burnt in air?
57. Lithium carbonate is not so stable to heat & the other alkali metal carbonates. Explain.
58. Why is gypsum added to cement?
59. Why are alkali metals not found in the free state in nature?
60. Describe the importance of plaster of Paris?
61. Give an account of the biological importance of Ca2+, Mg2+ ions.

Chapter 10: THE P-BLOCK ELEMENTS GROUP 13.


Very Short Answer Questions (2 Marks)
62. Why does BF3 behave as a Lewis acid?
63. Explain inert pair effect?
64. Give the formula of borazine, What is its common name?
65. Give the formula of a) Borax b) colemanite
66. Give two uses of aluminum?
67. Explain the structure of diborane?
68. Give two uses of Aluminum.
69. What are electron deficient compounds?

Chapter 11: THE P-BLOCK ELEMNETS GROP 14.


Very Short Answer Questions (2 Marks)
70. Give the hybridization of carbon in
a) CO32- b) diamond c) graphite d) fullerene
71. Why is CO poisonous?
72. What is allotropy? Give the crystalline allotropes of carbon?
73. Name any two man-made silicates?
74. Why does graphite function as a lubricant/
75. Graphite is a good conductor explain?
76. What is synthesis gas?

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77. What is producer gas?
78. How does CO2 increases the green house effect?
79. Write the use of ZSM-5.
80. What is the use of dry ice?
81. Why is diamond hard?
82. Explain a) Allotropy b) inert pair effect c) catenation.

Chapter 12: ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY


Very Short Answer Questions (2 Marks)
83. List out four Gaseous pollutants present in the polluted air?
84. What are green house gases?
85. Which acids cause acid rain? And what is its pH value.
86. Name two adverse effects caused by acid rains?
87. What is ozone hole? Where was it first observed?
88. What is green house effect? And how is it caused?
89. What are the harmful effects caused by ozone layer depletion?
90. Define Eutrophication of lake?
91. What is the importance of Green Chemistry?

Chapter 13: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY SOME BASIC PRINCIPLES AND


TECHNIQUES AND HYDRO CORBONS
Very Short Answer Questions (2 Marks)
92. Write the regents required for conversion of benzene to methyl benzene.
93. How is nitrobenzene prepared. O
94. Write the IUPAC names of
95. a) CH3 CH 2 CH 2 CH = CH 2. b)
CHO CHO O

c)
NO2
NO2

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96. Write the structure of : a) Tri chloro ethanoic acid.
b) Neo pentane c) P-nitro benzal de hyde.

Short Answer Questions (4 Marks)


97. Complete the following reaction and name the products A, B, and C.
H 2O not metal tube AlCl3 + CH3Cl
CaC2 A B C
98. What is dehydro halogenation? Write the equation for the formation of alkene from
alkyl halide.
99. Give two examples each for position and functional isomerism.
100. How is ethylene prepared from ethyl alcohol? Write the reaction.
101. What is the product formed when sodium propionate is heated with soda lime.
102. Write IUPAC names of the following compounds.
a) b) CH 2 = CH C C CH3 c) CH3CH = C(CH3 ) 2 .

b) CH 2 CH 2 CH = CH 2 C2H5

c) e) CH3 CH = CH CH 2 CH = CH CH CH 2 CH = CH 2
103. Describe two methods of preparation as ethane.
104. Describe two methods of preparation as ethylene.
105. Give two methods of preparation of acetylene.
106. Describe any two methods of preparation of benzene write equations.

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