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Caterpillar Product Information

Product Bulletin
August 1999

Cat 365B L
Excavator

For Dealer Sales Personnel


Table of Contents

Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Positioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Competitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5

New Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Vital Information Display System (VIDS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Gauge Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Message Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Keypad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Electronic Joysticks and Travel Pedals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Hydraulic System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Hydrac . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10

Productivity and Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11


Production Comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Cylinder Block and Liners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Crankshaft and Bearings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Piston and Rings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Cylinder Head and Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Head Gasket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Camshaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
ADEM II Fuel System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Fuel Unit Injector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Hydraulic System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
PPPC Valve System (Proportional Priority
Pressure Compensation) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Hydrac . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Electronic Joysticks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Heavy Lift Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Hydraulic Oil Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21

Durability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Upperstructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Component Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Upper Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
Cover, Hood and Guarding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Carbody and Undercarriage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Cross Roller Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25

2 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator August 1999


Table of Contents

Versatility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Front Linkage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Buckets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27

Operator Station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28


Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Vital Information Display System (VIDS) . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Gauge Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Message Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Message Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Keypad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Electronic Joysticks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Travel Pedals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Right Console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Left Console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Hydraulic Lock Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Heating and Ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Integrated Seat and Console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Convenience Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35

Serviceability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Accessibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Service Intervals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38

Transportability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39

Summary of 365B L Benefits and Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40

August 1999 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator 3


Overview

Introduction The Cat 365B L is a direct replacement for the 245B in the Cat
excavator product line. At 65-68 metric tons, the 365B L is an
ideal match for 36-40 mt (40-45 ton) trucks. The 365B L is
designed for high levels of production, with competitive specifications
in cylinder work capacity, fuel efficiency and lifting capacity.

Positioning In the Cat 300B excavator family, the 365B L fits between the 345B
and 375 machines. The 365B L is designed for high, sustained levels
of production and is ideal for deep trenching, heavy construction,
quarry work and pipe laying. The 365B L is for customers that need
more horsepower and performance than a Cat 345B, and a machine
under 150,000 pounds. The table below compares brief specifications
and dimensions of the Cat 345B, 350 L, 365B L, 245A, 245B II,
245D and 375 L.
345B L 350L 365B L 245A 245B LC II 245D 375 L
Net Flywheel kW 216 213 287 242 286 287 319
Power hp 290 286 385 325 360 385 228
Operating Weight kg 44 900 49 000 65 900 62 300 65 200 66 400 81 600
lb 99,000 108,100 145,100 137,300 143,500 146,500 179,800
Engine Model 3176C 3306 3196 3406 3406B 3406C 3406C
ATAAC ATAAC ATAAC ATAAC
Displacement L 10.3 10.5 12 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.6
in3 628.5 638 730 893 893 893 893
Rated Engine Speed 2000 2000 2000 2100 2100 1800 1800
Hydraulic Pump
Output @ L/min 2 x 320 2 x 335 2 x 400 2 x 439 2 x 439 2 x 450 2 x 430
Rated RPM G/min 2 x 85 2 x 89 2 x 106 2 x 116 2 x 116 2 x 119 2 x 114
Maximum Travel kmh 4.4 4.6 4.1 3.17 3.17 3.17 4.4
Speed mph 2.7 2.9 2.6 1.97 1.97 1.97 2.7
Bucket Capacity m3 1.3-2.6 0.9-2.6 1.2-4.6 1.9-3.3 1.9-3.3 1.9-5.1 1.5-5.4
yd3 1.7-3.4 1.2-3.4 1.6-6.0 2.5-4.25 2.5-4.25 2.5-6.75 2.0-7.0
Overall Track m 5.36 5.57 5.86 5.61 5.99 5.61 6.36
Length ft in 17'7" 18'3" 19'3" 18'5" 19'8" 18'5" 20'10"
Track Gauge m 2.74 2.55 2.75 2.84 2.84 2.84 2.95
ft in 9'0" 8'4" 9'0" 9'4" 9'4" 9'4" 9'8"
Fuel Tank L 600 700 800 598 682 675 990
Capacity US Gal 159 185 211 158 180 180 262

4 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator August 1999


Overview

The primary competitors in the 65 metric ton size class are the Competitors
Komatsu PC600LC-6, Liebherr 964B and Hitachi EX550-5 LC.

Cat Komatsu Liebherr Hitachi


365B L PC600LC-6 R964B EX550-5 LC
Operating Weight kg 65 900 59 600 60 200 55 900
lb 145,100 131,390 132,700 123,200
Boom/Stick m 7.8/3.6 7.6/3.5 7.0/2.6 7.6/3.5
Configuration ft in 25'7"/11'10" 25'2"/11'6" 23'0"/8'6" 24'11"/11'6"
Net Power kW 287 286 268 269
hp 385 384 364 361
Bucket Capacity m3 1.2-4.6 1.3-3.2 2.4-5.0 1.3-3.4
(SAE) yd3 1.6-6.0 1.75-4.25 3.1-6.5 1.75-4.4
Engine Model Cat 3196 Cummins D9406 Cummins
ATAAC N14 TI-E N14-C400
Rated Engine Speed 2000 1800 1800 1800
Displacement L 12 14.04 12.88 14.0
in3 730 875 785 854
Implement Plus Swing L/min 1160 820 1012 764
Pump Flow US Gal/min 306 217 267 202
Drawbar Pull kN 462 415 526 373
lb 103,820 93,250 118,200 83,800
Maximum Travel km/h 4.0 4.8 4.3 4.7
Speed mph 2.5 3.0 2.7 2.9
Overall Track m 5.86 5.68 5.37 5.68
Length ft in 19'3" 18'8" 17'7" 18'8"
Fuel Tank Refill L 800 880 1050 700
Capacity US Gal 211 232 277 185

August 1999 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator 5


New Technology

Introduction The Cat 365B L features new technology in the cab that is operator
friendly and increases controllability. Unlike other Cat 300B
family excavators, the 365B L features the Vital Information
Display System (VIDS), with a new monitor that has four gauges,
message center and an 18-button keypad. The new monitor is
designed for man and machine interface with language display
capability. The 365B L monitor also displays information that past
300B Series monitors were unable to display.

The joysticks have also been improved. Instead of pilot hydraulic-


type joysticks, the 365B L has electronic joysticks that send
electrical signals to the pump-valve controller. Electronic controls
enable operator perceptions to be changed, optimize simultaneous
operation and provide interactive control of the pump and
controller valve.

The 365B L has three controllers for the engine, pumps, hydraulic
system and monitor.
Monitor controller transmits information displayed by the
VIDS monitor; gives input to the VIDS monitor.
Pump-valve controller provides interactive control of the
pumps and control valve. Four of the five 365B L hydraulic
pumps are directly controlled by the pump-valve controller.
ADEM II (Advanced Diesel Engine Module) controls the
engine and is designed to provide the most economical fuel
output from the Cat 3196 engine.

All three controllers use Cat Data Link, a Caterpillar developed


communication method for exchanging information within the
machine. Cat Data Link directly interfaces with the Electronic
Technician (ET), a service tool that accesses all controllers.

6 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator August 1999


New Technology

The 365B L features the Vital Information Display System (VIDS). Vital Information Display
The VIDS monitor has a gauge section, message center and keypad. System (VIDS)
VIDS is the primary interface between man and machine,
communicating machine conditions and information to the
controller. Two types of information are displayed on VIDS:
information sent by the pump-valve controller and ADEM II via
Cat Data Link
information from each sensor

Vital Information Display System (VIDS)

Gauge Section
The monitor gauge section displays engine oil pressure, coolant
temperature, hydraulic oil temperature and fuel level. Each analog
gauge is easy to see and easy for the operator to understand.

Gauge section

August 1999 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator 7


New Technology

Message Center
The message center displays information that is divided into the
following categories:
Background display mode
Warning and Alert Information (emergency priority)
Preference Menu
Event Menu
System Menu
Service Menu

The message center uses a Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) dot matrix
Message center
display that is easy to read in sunlight. The panel can display
both language and graphics. The 365B L can be programmed to
display nine working languages. One additional language can be
changed using ET. The Electronic Technician changes the internal
languages to match customer preferences.

Keypad
The keypad has 18 keys, each with its own icon. The operator uses
the keypad to give instructions to the three controllers. Instructions
given through the keypad include:
Change message center view
Input confirmation of information sent by each controller
Change work mode
Change travel speed, AEC (Automatic Engine Control)

Keypad Input various information displayed on the System Menu and


Service Menu
Input ID
Travel alarm cancel

See page 29 for more detailed information concerning VIDS.

8 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator August 1999


New Technology

In the 365B L, both the joysticks and travel pedals generate electrical Electronic Joysticks
signals instead of conventional pilot pressures. The control perception and Travel Pedals
(operating force and stroke) of the joysticks and travel pedals is the
same as other Cat 300B family pilot hydraulic joysticks and travel
pedals. However, the movement of the joysticks and travel pedals
is converted into an electrical signal that is sent to the pump-valve
controller which can modify the signals before sending them on
to the pumps and main control valve, ensuring smooth control and
good simultaneous operation. The electronic joysticks enable the
operator to select his or her own preferred controllability feel.

Electronic joysticks

New technology changes are also found in the 365B L hydraulic Hydraulic System
system. While the 365B L uses the same three pump system with
independent swing (like the 375), the pump and control valve are
directed by the controller. Also, the 365B L offers a Heavy Lift
Mode as standard. The pump-valve controller prevents the main
spool of the Proportional Priority Pressure Compensation (PPPC)
valve from fully shifting while reducing engine speed and main
pump hydraulic flow, enabling the machine to be moved slowly
for safe handling of heavy objects.

Other hydraulic system changes include:


A constant flow function for auxiliary circuits maintains
fixed flow volume to attachments. Four flow rates are available
and may be changed depending on attachment requirements.
A cooling loop for hammer applications. Return oil from
the hammer bypasses the oil cooler, reducing backpressure.
To avoid overheating, the swing pump discharges excess oil,
which is routed through the cooler.

August 1999 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator 9


New Technology

Hydrac The 365B L hydraulic system features the new, Caterpillar


exclusive Hydrac. Developed by Caterpillar engineers, the Hydrac
provides state-of-the-art electronic control, resulting in high
hydraulic efficiency and improved controllability.

Hydrac valve

Engine The 365B L is the first Cat excavator to use the 3196 ATAAC
engine. The Cat 3196 is a high performance engine utilizing the
Advanced Diesel Engine Module (ADEM II) fuel system.
ADEM II offers optimal fuel injection control for high efficiency
and machine operation in a wide range of ambient temperatures.

3196 ATAAC engine

10 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator August 1999


Productivity and Performance

One of the key buying criteria for customers is machine


productivity, especially for excavators in the 65 mt (143,300 lb)
size class. The 365B L weight and front linkage, along with three
controllers for the engine and hydraulic system, are critical for
machine performance.

The 365B L is designed to maximize loading effectiveness


when working with 36-40 mt (40-45 ton) off-highway trucks.
The 365B L may be configured with two booms and five sticks
to accommodate various application requirements for reach and
bucket capacity. Working range and bucket capacity are important
factors to consider when working with trucks. Remember, there is
a trade off between working range and bucket capacity. The long
365B L undercarriage and heavy counterweight enable the machine
to be configured with larger buckets without sacrificing stability.

365B L with Articulated Trucks and Off-Highway Trucks


Pass Matching
Hauling Unit Reach Boom Mass Boom
R3.6m (11'10") Stick M3.0 (9'10") Stick
3.5 m3 (4.5 yd3) Bucket 5.0 m3 (6.0 yd3) Bucket
769D 6 5
771D 7 5-6
D350E Series II 5 4-5
D400E Series II 6 5

The 365B L working ranges are interchangeable with the 245B,


enabling customers with 245B and 245D machines to easily
convert to the 365B L. The 365B L stick and bucket forces equal,
or are greater than, the 245B bucket forces. Lift over the front at
ground level has increased 11 percent, and lift over the side
improved by 15 percent for the 365B L.

August 1999 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator 11


Productivity and Performance

Front Linkage Performance


365B L 245D 365B L 245D
Boom Reach Boom GP Boom Mass Boom Mass Boom
7.8 m (25'7") 7.67 m (25'2") 6.59 m (21'7") 6.48 m (21'3")
Stick m R4.67 R3.6 R2.84 4.42 m 3.2 m 2.59 m M3.0 M2.57 GP Rock
ft in 15'4" 11'10" 9'4" 14'6" 10'6" 8'6" 9'10" 8'5" Stick Stick
Max. Reach mm 14 040 12 980 12 340 13 940 12 830 12 410 11 240 10 840 11 070 11 050
on Ground ft in 46'1" 42'7" 40'6" 45'9" 42'1" 40'9" 36'11" 35'7" 36'4" 36'3"
Max. Digging mm 9470 8400 7640 9600 8400 7790 7170 6750 6150 6150
Depth ft in 31'1" 27'7" 25'1" 31'6" 27'7" 25'7" 23'6" 22'2" 20'2" 20'2"
Max. Vertical Wall mm 8490 7270 6150 6460 5360 5070 5500 5100 610 1630
Digging Depth ft in 27'10" 23'10" 20'2" 21'2" 17'7" 16'8" 18'1" 16'9" 2' 5'4"
Max. Digging mm 13 080 12 460 12 250 11 170 11 350 11 520 10 880 10 710 11 030 10 950
Height ft in 42'11" 40'11" 40'2" 36'8" 37'3" 37'10" 35'8" 35'2" 36'2" 35'11"
Bucket Digging kN 265 264 277 305 305 305 330 330 352 352
Force lb 59,550 59,330 62,250 68,540 68,540 68,540 74,160 74,160 79,100 79,100
Stick Digging kN 193 230 253 197 244 278 253 276 262 262
Force lb 43,370 51,690 56,850 44,270 54,830 62,470 56,850 62,020 58,880 58,880

Production Comparison A production study was held at the Tinaja Hills Proving Ground
(March, 1999) comparing the 365B LME and 375 LME.
The charts below illustrate the production and performance
of the 365B LME and 375 LME.

Machine Configuration
Cat Cat Production Index
365B LME 375 LME 150
126
Boom Length m 6.59 7.25 113 117 117
111
Production Index %

ft in 21'7" 23'9"
100
Stick Length m 3.0 2.9
ft in 9'10" 9'6"
Bucket Size m3 4.7 5.4 50
yd3 6.1 7.0

0
Ro k

in l

in l

g
g ck

ad ve

ad ve
g uc

n
hi
ck

g
in ru
rt

Lo e

Lo e
in Tr

k dL

k hL

c
Di
ad h T

en
ad ch

uc ar

uc ug
Lo enc

Tr
Lo en

Tr H

Tr To
B
B

365B 375

12 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator August 1999


Production Tons/60 min
Fuel Consumption US Gal/60 min Payload Cy Yd per pass

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
9
B

0
5
10
15
20
25
B

0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
Lo enc Lo enc Lo enc
ad h T ad h T ad h T
in ru in ru in ru

7 6.25
g ck g ck

August 1999
1728
Di Di g ck

18.32
rt rt Di
rt

365B

365B
7.74
B

365B
2184
Lo en B

21.22
ad ch Lo en
in Tr ad ch
Tr H g uc in Tr

5.25
Ro k g uc
uc ar Ro k 1518

375
ck

375
k dL ck

375
Lo e

6.1

18.35
ad ve
in l
1687

g Tr H
uc ar Tr H
k dL uc ar
Lo e k dL

21.19
ad ve Lo e

6.05
in l ad ve
1323

Tr To g in l
g

TEJB6080
uc ug

7.36
k hL
1496

Payload
Lo e Tr To

19.49
ad ve uc ug Tr To
Production

in l uc ug
g k hL
Lo e k hL
Lo e

6.04
ad ve ad ve
1127

in l

Fuel Consumption

20.46
g in l
g

6.76
1320

Tr
en Tr
ch e Tr
e
i nc

18.59
ng hi nc

4.03
hi
990

ng ng

19.41
4.61
1153

375 7.0 yd3 Bucket


365B 6.1 yd3 Bucket

Cat 365B L Excavator


Fuel Efficiency Index % Bucket Fill Factor % Cycle Time Seconds

B
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35

0
20
40
60
80
100
120

0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
Lo enc Lo enc
Lo enc ad h T ad h T
ad h T in ru in ru
in ru g ck
103

g ck g ck Di

100
Di Di rt
rt rt
365B
19.6 19.1

B
111

365B
B

365B
Lo en Lo en

109
ad ch ad ch
in Tr in Tr
g uc
86

Tr H g uc Ro k
Ro k ck
375

uc ar ck

375

375
k dL
Lo e
87

100
18.7 19.5

ad ve Tr H
in l Tr H
g uc ar uc ar
k dL
k dL Lo e

98
Lo e ad ve
99
24.7

ad ve in l
in l g
Tr Tou g
uc g
26.6

105

k hL Tr To
Lo e

100
Tr Tou
Cycle Time

ad ve uc g uc ug
in l k hL k hL
Lo e
g Lo e
99

ad ve
28.9

ad ve
Bucket Fill Factor

in l in l

112
g g

Fuel Efficiency Index


97
27.7

Tr Tr
en Tr e
ch e nc nc

100
in hi
66

g hi
ng ng
66

112
22 21.6

375 7.0 yd3 Bucket


365B 6.1 yd3 Bucket

13
Productivity and Performance
Productivity and Performance

Engine For the 365B L, one of the primary design goals was to increase
power output per unit of fuel and to improve reliability. The 356B L
is powered by a Cat 3196 ATAAC engine with a net rated power of
287 kW (385 hp). The 3196 features the ADEM II control system
that offers optional fuel injection control for high efficiency and
wide ambient temperature option.

365B L
Engine 3196 ATAAC DITA
Displacement 12 liter (730 in3)
Bore 130 mm (5.12 in)
Cat 3196 ATAAC engine Stroke 150 mm (5.91 in)
Rated speed 2000 rpm
Hi-idle speed 2200 rpm
AEC speed auto 1300 rpm
Rated power (net) 287 kW (385 hp)
Max. torque 169 kN-m (124,416 ft-lb)
Max. altitude 4,600 m (15,000 ft)

Cylinder Block and Liners


Single-piece cast iron block with deep skirt for added stiffness
and reduced sound levels. Molybdenum alloy cast iron liners with
induction hardening for excellent wear life. Uniform crosshatch
pattern provides for proper ring seal and even oil distribution.

Crankshaft and Bearings


Single-piece steel forged crankshaft with induction-hardened
journals and fillets. Steel-backed aluminum main bearings with
copper bond overlay for long life and scuff resistance.

Piston and Rings


Two-piece articulated piston design with forged steel crown
and cast aluminum skirt. Longer piston pin retained by two
non-metallic plugs for increased bearing area, improved strength
and reduced wear. Compression rings are made of heat-treated
high-strength ductile iron.

14 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator August 1999


Productivity and Performance

Cylinder Head and Valves


One-piece stress-relieved gray iron cylinder head casting with
four valves per cylinder for optimal breathability. Intake and
exhaust valves are equal in size to those of a larger displacement
14 L (850 in3) engine. Chrome plated steel stems and 150 percent
more facing material than the industry standard for exceptional
wear, heat resistance and reuse.

Head Gasket
Composite of solid steel, perforated steel and graphite facing
for superior durability. Wrapped fire ring for good combustion
sealing and low liner and cylinder head wear. Polymer beads,
adhesives, ceramic coatings and saturants improve sealing ability.

Camshaft
Carbonized and heat-treated steel camshaft has three lobes at
each cylinder to operate the unit injector, intake and exhaust
valves. Seven bearing journals are lubricated from the oil
manifold in the engine block.

The Cat 3196 engine features the Advanced Diesel Engine Module ADEM II Fuel System
(ADEM II) fuel system. The ADEM II is the brain of the engine
electronic controls. A flash memory chip contains the engines
control software and is internally mounted in the ADEM II. The
ADEM II provides the following:
Injection timing control function to improve performance
- Basic timing
- Acceleration timing strategy controls timing during load
changes to reduce smoke
- Engine warm up/cold mode timing
- Engine cranking timing for easier starts
Engine protection function
ADEM II
- Acceleration delay on startup protects turbocharger
and bearings
- Low oil pressure monitoring detects plugged fuel filters
- High coolant temperature warning/derate
- Automatic high altitude derate

August 1999 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator 15


Productivity and Performance

Cold engine function (easy start/protection/warm-up)


- Cool engine elevated idle for fast engine warm-up
- Cold mode running fuel limit protecting the engine
- Cold mode cranking fuel limit for fast cold starts
Fuel temperature compensation
- Constant power independent of fuel temperature

Fuel Unit Injector


The mechanically actuated unit injector system combines high
pressure pumping, an electronic actuator and an injector spray
nozzle into a single unit.
Electronic unit injector (EUI) with modular design and fewer
components for greater serviceability and flexibility.

Fuel unit injector Computerized electronic control of the exact time and duration
of fuel injection for precise metering and timing of fuel.
The unit injector pressures are in excess of 175,800 kPa
(25,500 psi) for reduced fuel consumption and lower
particulate emissions.

Cooling System The 365B L has a plate-fin-type, five-row radiator that uses a
variable speed fan driven by a hydraulic motor. The fan provides
highly efficient suction for good cooling capacity and low sound
levels. The ambient temperature for the standard machine is 43C
(110F), including 0C (32F) starting capability. Attachments are
available extending the ambient working temperature range:
High Ambient Cooling Package with a 52C (125F) capability.
Two cold weather starting kits assisting with cold weather
starting conditions.

16 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator August 1999


Productivity and Performance

The 356B L hydraulic system includes a three pump system with Hydraulic System
an independent swing circuit. The overall system has two pumps
for implements and travel, a swing pump, a pump to operate the
cooling fan and a pilot pump. The pump-valve controller controls
all pumps, with the exception of the pilot pump. The hydraulic
system also includes a mount and pump drive for an auxiliary
hydraulic pump, emergency engine halt function and bucket
lowering after engine stop function. Caterpillar also offers the
following attachments for the 365B L hydraulic system: boom and
stick lowering control devices; suction line shutoff valve;
biodegradable oil package and third pedal for straight travel.
Hydraulic tank capacity is 310 liters (82 U.S. Gallons).

Like the Cat 375 and 5080, the 365B L hydraulic circuit utilizes
a load-sensing system that uses a Proportional Priority Pressure
Compensation (PPPC) valve system, but the main spools of the
control valve are controlled electrically by a Hydrac. The pump-
valve controller emits the electrical signal that controls the Hydrac.
The pump-valve controller directly controls the pump and valve
interactively for excellent productivity. The 365B L hydraulic
system with independent swing provides the following:

Good swing acceleration. The 365B L has excellent swing


acceleration, the swing circuit has engine output priority
and two swing motors.
Good simultaneous swing and other operations. The swing
circuit is independent of the implement circuit low
interference when swing and another operation are used
at the same time.
High-efficiency hydraulic pumps. Load-sensing systems
that use PPPC valves ensure that pump output pressure is high
enough to meet load pressure.
The normal output pressure of the main pump for implements is
32 000 kPa (4640 psi). During Heavy Lift Mode and during travel
the pressure rises to 35 000 kPa (5080 psi) for strong lifting
capacity and high maneuverability.

August 1999 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator 17


Productivity and Performance

Hydraulic Pump Performance


Type of Pump Units Max. Pressure Max. Flow
kPa liter/min
(psi) (U.S. Gal/min)
Main Pumps Variable flow 2 32 000/35 000 2 x 400
Swash plate (4640/5080) (2 x 106)
Swing Pump Variable flow 1 28 050 360
Swash plate (4060) (95)
Cooling Pump Variable flow 1 20 000 72
Swash plate (2900) (19)
Pilot Pump Fixed flow 1 4000-6960 91
Gear (580-1020) (24)

The hydraulic pumps, control valve and hydraulic tank are located
close together. Shorter tubes and lines between components help
reduce frictional loss and decrease pressure drops.

PPPC Valve System (Proportional Priority Pressure Compensation)


The most important feature of the PPPC valve system is that the
amount of control valve spool movement and pump output flow
can be controlled simultaneously. Actuator speed matches the
operators desired speed. The PPPC valve system gives the 365B L
hydraulic system the following advantages:
Extremely smooth shift from lever neutral to lifting.
Pump flow is not wasted.
Excellent simultaneous operation.
PPPC valve system
Excellent fine operation.

18 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator August 1999


Productivity and Performance

Actuator Actuator starting position


starting position with heavy load
Actuator
with heavy load Actuator starting position
starting position
with light load with light load

Without PPPC valve system With PPPC valve system

Actuator starting position

The Hydrac was developed by Caterpillar engineers for Caterpillar Hydrac


hydraulic systems. The 365B L is the first excavator to utilize
the Hydrac.

The Hydrac converts the electrical signal from the pump-valve


controller to the hydraulic signal that drives the main spool.
One Hydrac is located at each end of each main spool. Each Hydrac
is comprised of a solenoid, pilot hydraulic pressure control section
and a feedback spring.

The Hydrac does not merely convert an electrical signal into a


hydraulic signal. The Hydrac compares the value of the electrical
signal from the pump-valve controller and the amount of
movement of the main spool based on the counter-thrust of the Hydrac valve
feedback spring. The Hydrac automatically corrects the movement
of the main spool to meet the value of the electrical signal from the
pump-valve controller, if necessary. The Hydracs functions give
the 365B L the following advantages:
Spool control is reliable and precise.
The effect of flow forces is minimized.

August 1999 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator 19


Productivity and Performance

Electronic Joysticks The 365B L utilizes electronic control levers and travel pedals,
instead of the pilot hydraulic-type used in mid-size Cat 300B
excavators. Straight travel pedals, attachment pedals and
attachment switches on the grip are also electrically operated
(available as attachments).

An electric signal from the joysticks and travel pedals is sent to the
pump-valve controller. This signal is used as a control signal to the
control valve and pumps. The joysticks are designed so that the
electrical signal does not change with slight joystick operation near
the neutral position, avoiding inadvertent movement and keeping
the lever from being overly sensitive. Using electronic joysticks
and pedals has the following advantages:
Electronic joystick
Power management control is possible. Hydraulic flow
corresponds with control valve movements.
Operating perception can be changed. The operator can
effectively customize perception or feel for a specific work
situation or to suit his preference. Operator perception is a
combination of response and gain. Response is the time elapsed
from the moment the control lever is operated until the cylinder
attains desired speed. Gain is the relationship between the amount
of lever stroke and the change in cylinder speed. For the 365B L,
there are three types of response and seven settings for gain,
totalling 21 control perception choices.

Gain and Response Settings


Gain
Small Standard Large
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)

(1) Slow
Response (2) Normal mode 1 mode 2

(3) Fast mode 3

Control lever patterns can be changed using software,


eliminating the need for the manual lever quick changer valve
(an attachment on mid-size hydraulic excavators). The control
pattern can be changed by altering the service mode settings
using ET.

20 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator August 1999


Productivity and Performance

Heavy Lift Mode is designed to improve 365B L lifting capacity. Heavy Lift Mode
The 365B L main pumps have a relief pressure of 32 000 kPa
(4640 psi). By operating the VIDS keypad, the relief pressure
can be increased to 35 000 kPa (5080 psi). Heavy Lift Mode
can increase lifting capacity by up to 15 percent. When Heavy
Lift Mode is ON, actuator speed is restricted to 50-70 percent,
improving lifting controllability.

The 365B L hydraulic system has six filters that improve reliability, Hydraulic Oil Filters
extend hydraulic component life, increase performance and lower
operating costs. Two types of filtration systems are also available
as attachments.

Capsule filters (3) are used on the main pumps and swing pump
return circuits. Capsule filters filter out impurities as small as
B10 = 1.4.
A pilot filter is installed at the pilot pump outlet, filtering out
impurities as small as B9 = 2.
Pump drain filters are on the main pumps and the swing pump
case drain.
Hydraulic oil capsule filter
Motor drain filters are on the case drains of the swing motor,
travel motor and fan motor.

August 1999 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator 21


Durability

Upperstructure Component Layout


The 365B L has the same component layout as other Cat B-Series
excavators for improved hydraulic efficiency and easy maintenance.
High temperature and pressure sources are located away from the
operator station. The pumps, control valve and hydraulic tank
are grouped together and the control valve is close to the hydraulic
cylinders and motors. By minimizing oil flow and distance
between components, hydraulic power loss is reduced.

,,,,,
Capsule Filter
Fuel Tank Hyd. Tank

,,,,,
STORAGE
BOX Pump

Swing motor
Rotary
Joint Main
Control Engine
Valve
Swing
Control
Valve
Cab Battery
Oil cooler

Upperstructure component layout

22 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator August 1999


Durability

Upper Frame
The 365B L upper frame consists of two main rails on each side of
the swing motors mounted to the swing frame and an outer frame
with curved steel rails. Two types of boom foot are available for
the 365B L upper frame (depending on market area): one position
and two position. The upper hole location on the two position
boom foot is designed for material handling applications.
Seventy percent of the upper frame is robot-welded for high
quality and consistency.

Material handling Excavation


front pin location front pin
location
Excavation
front pin
location

2 position 1 position

Boom foot positions

August 1999 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator 23


Durability

Cover, Hood and Guarding


The upperstructure side panels are made of 2.0 mm (0.08 in) rolled
steel plate. Service doors are reinforced and rigid in both open and
closed positions. Sound reduction material is attached to the inside
of the service doors. The engine hood is bolted to the upperstructure
and a door in the cover can be opened for servicing and inspection.

The 365B L upperstructure is protected with a standard bottom


guard, which is included with the swivel guard. Bottom guards
are 6 mm (0.24 in) thick for the swivel guards; 5 mm (0.2 in) or
3 mm (0.12 in) on other guards. Heavy-duty guards are standard
in some markets.

The upperstructure surface and top of the storage box are covered
with anti-skid punched star plate. Durable punched star plate is
effective in all weather conditions. Larger hand rails and grips
assist in mounting and dismounting the machine.

Anti-skid punched star plate

Carbody and Undercarriage The 365B L has a variable gauge undercarriage. With this design,
the track roller frames are bolted to the carbody, enabling the
machine to be made narrower for easy transportability. The 365B L
carbody is a box section, modified X structure with vertical
plates that are angled towards the swing center, strengthening the
design of the carbody. The deep-section design of the carbody also
increases rigidity in the track roller frame structure.

Track roller frame

24 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator August 1999


Durability

The track roller frame uses a fabricated U-section design with thick
steel plates and bottom plate where the track rollers are connected.
Cat track roller frames are robot-welded for consistent weld quality.

365B L Undercarriage Components


Link (One Side) 47
Track Roller (One Side) 8
Carrier Roller (One Side) 3

Track Shoe Options and Ground Pressure


Shoe thickness Shoe thickness
Shoe Width 19 mm (0.75 in) 20.9 mm (0.82 in) Ground pressure
650 mm (26") Available Available 95.1 kPa
Double Grouser (13.8 psi)
750 mm (30") Available Available 82.4 kPa
Double Grouser (11.9 psi)
900 mm (35") Not Available Available 68.6 kPa
Double Grouser (10.0 psi)

The 365B L uses a cross roller bearing for the swing bearing that Cross Roller Bearing
includes cylindrical rollers for increased stability. Cross roller
bearings reduce machine pitch during boom down operation.

Cross Roller Bearing Ball Bearing

Cross roller bearing

August 1999 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator 25


Versatility

Front Linkage Caterpillar offers two booms and five sticks for the 365B L:
Reach boom provides a maximum digging envelope
Mass boom provides maximum excavating power and
bucket capacity
Booms for the 365B L are made of high tensile steel with large
cross-sections and baffles for improved strength and reduced weight.

Like the booms, 365B L sticks are made of high tensile steel with
a box-section design and baffles for strength, reduced weight and
durability. A lighter weight stick enables the machine to be matched
with a larger capacity bucket for increased payload. All Cat sticks
have reinforced thick bottom plates to prevent damage from the
load when the bucket is curled. All sticks and booms are stress
relieved for increased life without added weight.

Front Linkage
Boom Stick Description
Reach R4.6V Maximizes reach at the expense of bucket size and forces.
R3.6V Most versatile front linkage combination, good for all types of applications and
bucket capacities.
R2.8V Good digging envelope with large bucket sizes; provides good stability for
hammer work.
Mass M3.0W Limited digging envelope with large bucket capacity and high force levels.
M2.57W Intended for mass earthmoving applications; very large buckets with high forces.
Reach to load 27-40 mt (30-44 ton) trucks.

On the 365B L, the bucket linkage includes the bucket cylinder,


idle link and power links. There are two types of bucket linkages,
one each for the Reach and Mass booms. Bucket linkage depends
on stick choice. All pins used in 300 family front linkages have a
thick chrome plate for high wear resistance.

Bucket linkage

26 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator August 1999


Versatility

Buckets
Three bucket linkage families are available for the 365B L (V, W
and G2.6MX). The G2.6MX bucket is also available for the 345B.
V and W family buckets are designed specifically for the 365B L.

Bucket offerings vary by source plant and market area. Refer to


local specalogs and price lists for available buckets.

Each 300 B-Series bucket is equipped with a bucket flop adjustment


mechanism that enables the operator or service technician to easily
adjust the play in the joints between the stick and bucket. Bucket adjustment mechanism

The 365B L reach and mass excavation booms are compatible Compatibility
booms can be changed without altering the base of the machine.
However, sticks must match a particular boom reach sticks
with the reach boom; mass sticks with the mass excavation boom.

For bucket selection, match V family buckets and the G2.6MX


bucket with reach sticks; W family buckets with mass sticks.

August 1999 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator 27


Operator Station

The 365B L cab dimensions are basically the same as the 375.
However, the cab is wider, longer and higher than medium size
Cat 300B excavator cabs. The 365B L cab offers operators excellent
visibility and comfort, along with superb controls. There are seven
different cab variations available to meet regional requirements.
(Refer to the NPIR, section 13.1.6 for more information.)
Cab construction features a roll-formed design that avoids stress
concentration cracks that were found in older sheet metal design
cabs. The 365B L cab uses six rubber mounts or silicone oil to
absorb vibrations and limit sound levels inside the cab.

Vandalism protection is available as an attachment. Vandalism


guards may be folded and stored on the battery cover. A Falling
Objects Guarding System (FOGS) may be required in some areas.
365B L cab This attachment is designed to meet legal requirements for FOGS.
It is not a Roll Over Protection Structure (ROPS).

Visibility to the work area is critical for the operator. The 365B L
has a laminated glass front windshield (available in three variations).
The wiper attaches to the right cab pillar and rests against the pillar
for better operator viewing to the work area. (An additional lower
windshield wiper is standard for NACD/COSA and CACo.) A sun
visor and rain protector are available as attachments for the front
windshield. The right side window is not obstructed by a cab pillar,
providing adequate lighting and good visibility to the work area.
The rear window can be released with a latch and may be used as
an alternate exit. The tempered glass upper window on the cab
Right side window door slides open for ventilation and communication with others on
the job site. The lower door and left rear door windows are fixed,
providing good visibility to the work area. A large polycarbonate
skylight with sliding or roll-up sunshade provides natural lighting
and overhead viewing.

Skylight with sliding sunshade

28 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator August 1999


Operator Station

Vital Information Display System (VIDS) Controls


The 365B L is the first Cat 300 B-Series machine to feature the
Vital Information Display System (VIDS). VIDS utilizes a high
performance monitor (gauge section, message area with language
capability and keypad). VIDS is the primary information link
between the operator and the machine.

For more information and training using the VIDS system, order
365B Vital Information Display System, AERC0425. This CD
features more in-depth information and simulation training
with VIDS.

VIDS monitor

Gauge Section
The gauge section in the VIDS monitor gives the operator a
quick understanding of four key operating parameters: engine oil
temperature, hydraulic oil temperature, oil pressure and fuel level.
The monitor is conveniently positioned and the analog gauges are
easy to read.

Gauge section

August 1999 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator 29


Operator Station

Message Center

Message center normal background display

The message center includes the alert indicator, universal gauge,


warning area and message area. The alert indicator flashes ON
and OFF when a machine abnormality occurs. The universal gauge
has 20 green LED lights. Machine parameters (engine oil level
or engine speed, for example) may be displayed numerically.
The warning area at both edges of the universal gauge use red
LED lights. When set machine parameters are exceeded on the
universal gauge, the warning area lights up.

30 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator August 1999


Operator Station

Message Area
VIDS is programmed with sixteen different languages. Available
languages:

Danish Dutch English Finnish


French German Greek Indonesian
Italian Japanese Norwegian Portuguese
Russian Spanish Swedish Turkish

The message area displays five types of screens:


Normal background display mode work mode, time, hour
meter, engine throttle dial
Changing the screen using the gauge key pressing the
gauge key displays 130 machine parameters
Warning and alarm information screen appears in
emergencies and when a machine abnormality occurs.
Using the menu key to change screens four menus and a
service option may be selected by pressing the menu key
Using the setup or ID keys to change screens pressing the
setup or ID keys allows for changing the screens that record,
confirm or change the operator ID or the service technician
information screen.

August 1999 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator 31


Operator Station

Keypad
The VIDS keypad enables the operator to give instructions to
the three controllers. Each of the 18 keys has an identifying icon.
The following instructions may be given to the 365B L through
the keypad:
Change message display area
Input confirmation of information sent by each controller
Change work mode
Change travel speed, AEC
Input information displayed on the system menu and service menu
Input operator ID (detection information)
VIDS keypad Travel alarm cancel

Electronic Joysticks
The 365B L left and right electronic joysticks have the same
layout, position and operating force as Cat pilot hydraulic
joysticks. The joysticks are located forward and down the
operator can comfortably operate the controls with arms on
the armrests.

Travel Pedals
The 365B L features two travel pedals (with attached levers) that
control the travel motors. The left pedal controls the left motor;
the right pedal controls the right motor. To increase operator foot
space, the pedals are located as far forward as possible and are
shaped to make travel easier during fine control work. A large
footrest is located to the side of each pedal. A single pedal for
straight forward and reverse travel is available as an attachment.

Travel pedals

32 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator August 1999


Operator Station

Right Console
Switches used most often for operating the 365B L are grouped on
the right console. The switches for the lights, wiper and washer have
been moved from the top of the monitor (like other 300 B-Series
machines) to the right console. The 365B L uses the same type of
throttle dial as other Cat 300 B-Series machines, with 10 levels
to set engine speed. The other switches on the console include:
key switch, gain/response selector, lights, wiper, washer, backup
system switch and spaces for attaching auxiliary switches.

Right console

Left Console
The 365B L left console features a hydraulic lock lever, air
conditioner switch and optional space for a radio. The fuse box is
located at the rear of the console. No tools are required to remove
or install fuses.

Left console

August 1999 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator 33


Operator Station

Hydraulic Lever Lock


The hydraulic lock lever deactivates and activates the pump-valve
controller. When in the LOCK position, no signal is sent to the
Hydrac and the power circuit is cut. This deactivates the controls,
travel levers and prevents the engine from starting. In emergencies
the operator can quickly push through the hydraulic lock lever to
exit the cab, as the lever includes a spring that bends easily.

Hydraulic lock lever locked

Hydraulic lock lever unlocked

Heating and Ventilation


A pressurized cab with positive filtered ventilation and automatic
air conditioning is standard on the 365B L. Air outlets are located on
the upper left and right cab pillars, under the seat and at the monitor
control panel (for windshield defrosting). The air conditioner uses
R134a refrigerant.

Air outlet on cab pillar

Air outlet under seat

34 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator August 1999


Operator Station

Integrated Seat and Console


The KAB524 high back seat is standard for NACD/COSA/CACo.
(This seat is available as an attachment for SCM/CAPL/CofA.)
The KAB525 low back seat is standard for SCM/CAPL and CofA.
Both seats have retractable seat belts and feature a variety of
adjustments to suit the operators size and weight.

KAB524 seat

Convenience Items
The 365B L provides many conveniences that improve operator
comfort and efficiency. These include:
Large lunch box that can be heated or cooled.
Service meter conveniently located on the side of the VIDS
monitor.
12-volt power supply for auxiliary electrical devices.
Manual/magazine rack located in the rear left side of the cab.
Lighter and ashtray. Large lunch box

August 1999 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator 35


Serviceability

The 365B L with VIDS is self-monitoring with auto-diagnostics.


VIDS enables the operator to continuously determine machine
conditions. If any abnormality occurs, it is immediately displayed
on the VIDS message center as a short, written message.

The Electronic Technician (ET) through the electric controller


services ADEM II, the monitor controller and pump-valve
controller. ET enables the service technician to communicate with
the 365B L via a personal computer, checking whether all the
controllers are operating within acceptable standards. ET also has
the ability to flash the 365B L, changing monitor controller and
pump-valve control programs (flash downloading).

Accessibility Anti-skid punched star plate material is used on the storage box,
the surface of upperstructure and on catwalks, minimizing slippage
by the service technician or operator. Punched star plate material is
effective in all weather conditions and may be removed for cleaning.
Catwalks provide access to the upperstructure and service doors.
The right side catwalk provides access to the pump compartment;
the left side catwalk access to the cab, air cleaner and radiator
compartments. Large handrails and grips assist the operator/service
technician when mounting or dismounting the machine.

Left side catwalk

Handrail and grips

36 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator August 1999


Serviceability

Large service doors are located on both sides of the upperstructure


and may be locked in the fully opened position. The left rear service
door accesses the engine radiator and the oil cooler. Located
behind the forward left service door is the air cleaner compartment.
The batteries, reserve tank, fuel line water separator, a relay
box, condenser and window washer fill tank are located in this
compartment.

The right side service door accesses the hydraulic pumps,


hydraulic return filter and pilot filter and engine oil
filter. A lockable storage box and the fuel tank are located
Radiator compartment
on the right front of the upperstructure. The fuel tank has
an 800 liter (211 U.S. Gallon) capacity.

The engine may be serviced from the upperstructure or from


beneath the machine. A steel wall separates the engine and pump
compartments.

Air cleaner compartment

Steel wall separates engine and


pump compartments

Pump compartment

August 1999 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator 37


Serviceability

Hydraulic oil capsule filters are located on the outside of the


hydraulic tank and are accessed from the top of the machine.
The filter cartridge design helps prevent oil contamination when
the filter is changed. The entire filter cartridge is removed as a
unit, keeping the service technicians hands clean and prevents
contaminants from draining back into the hydraulic tank. If the oil
filter restriction exceeds a specified pressure, warning information
will be displayed on the VIDS message center. The hydraulic
system and the engine oil system have SOS sampling valves
for fast and easy fluid sampling.

Hydraulic oil capsule filter

Service Intervals 10 Hours/One Day Operation


- Check engine coolant level
- Check engine oil level
- Drain fuel system water separator
- Drain fuel tank water and sediment
- Check hydraulic oil level

50 Hours/Weekly Operation
- Lubricate boom, stick and bucket linkage

250 Hours/Monthly
- Clean refrigerant condenser
- Add engine coolant (if not equipped with Extended Life Coolant)
- Change fuel system water separator element
- Sample engine oil
- Lubricate swing bearing
- Check final drive oil level and sample final drive oil
- Sample hydraulic oil
- Check swing drive oil level and sample swing drive oil

For additional information concerning maintenance and service


intervals, please consult the 365B L Operation and Maintenance
Manual (OMM).

38 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator August 1999


Transportability

The 365B L was designed to meet transportation regulations in


North America, Europe and Japan.

365B L
A

C
D B

Reach Boom 7.8 m (25'7") Mass Boom 6.59 m (21'7")


Stick R4.67 (15'4") R3.6 (11'10") R2.84 (9'4") M3.0 (9'10") M2.57 (21'7")
A Shipping Height 5020 mm 4450 mm 4160 mm 4560 mm 4600 mm
(16'6") (14'7") (13'8") (15'0") (15'1")
B Shipping Length 13 150 mm 13 290 mm 13 290 mm 12 130 mm 12 140 mm
(43'2") (43'7") (43'7") (39'10") (39'10")
C Track Gauge 2750 mm 2750 mm 2750 mm 2750 mm 2750 mm
(shipping)* (9'0") (9'0") (9'0") (9'0") (9'0")
D Transport Width** 3500 mm 3500 mm 3500 mm 3500 mm 3500 mm
(11'6") (11'6") (11'6") (11'6") (11'6")
**Track Gauge in extended (working) position: 3250 mm (10'8")
**Transport Width shown for 750 mm (30 in) shoes. Add 150 mm (6 in) for 900 mm (36 in) shoes. Subtract 100 mm (4 in) for
650 mm (26 in) shoes.

August 1999 TEJB6080 Cat 365B L Excavator 39


Summary of 365B L Benefits and Features

The Cat 365B L excavator includes several innovative features that give customers the benefits of increased
controllability, productivity and durability. New Caterpillar technology enhances the communication between
the operator and the machine. The table below lists 7 major benefits with the features that contribute to them
and the page number where more information can be located.
Page
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Positioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Competitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
New Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Vital Information Display System (VIDS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Keypad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Electronic Joysticks and Travel Pedals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Hydraulic System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Productivity and Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Production Comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
ADEM II Fuel System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Hydraulic System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Hydrac . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Electronic Joysticks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Heavy Lift Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Hydraulic Oil Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Durability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Upperstructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Carbody and Undercarriage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Cross Roller Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Versatility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Front Linkage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Operator Station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Serviceability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Accessibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Service Intervals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Transportability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
Summary of 365B L Benefits and Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40

The information contained herein is intended for circulation only to Caterpillar and dealer employees whose duties require knowledge of such reports and is
intended exclusively for their information and training. It may contain unverified analysis and facts observed by various Caterpillar or dealer employees. However,
effort has been made to provide reliable results regarding any information comparing Caterpillar built and competitive machines. Effort has been made to use the
latest available spec sheet and other material in the full understanding that these are subject to change without notice.
Any reproduction of this release without the foregoing explanation is prohibited.

TEJB6080
August 1999
www.CAT.com
1999 Caterpillar
Printed in U.S.A.