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7.

(a) Meat stored in refrigerator can last longer than meat stored in an open
kitchen cabinet.
Describe why.
Daging yang disimpan dalam peti sejuk tahan lama berbanding yang dibiar pada
suhu bilik.
Huraikan mengapa.
[4 marks]

(b) A group of students carried out three experiments to investigate the factors
affecting the rate of reaction.
Table 7.1 shows the information about the reactants and the temperature used in
each of the experiment.
Sekumpulan pelajar telah menjalankan tiga eksperimen untuk mengkaji faktor
yang mempengaruhi kadar tindak balas.
Jadual 7.1 menunjukkan maklumat tentang bahan tindak balas dan suhu yang
digunakan dalam setiap eksperimen

Temperature Time/s
Experiment Reactant
(oC) Masa/s
Eksperimen Bahan Tindak balas
Suhu (oC)
Excess magnesium ribbons and
25 cm3 of 0.1 mol dm 3
hydrochloric acid
A 35
Pita magnesium berlebihan dan 50
25 cm3
0.1 mol dm 3 asid hidroklorik
Excess magnesium ribbons and
25 cm3 of 0.1 mol dm 3
hydrochloric acid
B 55
Pita magnesium berlebihan dan 20
25 cm3
0.1 mol dm 3 asid hidroklorik
Excess magnesium powder and
25 cm3 of 0.1 mol dm 3
hydrochloric acid
C
Pita magnesium berlebihan dan 55 15
25 cm3 0.2 mol dm 3 asid
hidroklorik

TABLE 7.1
JADUAL 7.1
The results of these three experiments are show in the diagram 7.2 below.
Keputusan bagi tiga eksperimen berkenaan ditunjukkan pada rajah 7.2 dibawah

Isipadu gas terkumpul / cm 3


Volume of gas produced/ cm3

C B A

time (s)
DIAGRAM 7.2
masa( s)

(i) The chemical equation below shows the reaction between magnesium
and hydrochloric acid.
Persamaan tindak balas di bawah menunjukkan tindakbalas antara
magnesium dengan asid hidroklorik

Mg + 2HCl MgCl2 + H2

Calculate the maximum volume of hydrogen gas produced in experiment


C.
[Given that the molar volume of gas is 24 dm-3 mol 1 at room condition ,
the relative atomic mass of H = 1 ; Mg = 24 and Cl = 35.5]

Hitungkan isipadu maksima gas hidrogen yang terbebas dalam


eksperimen C.
[Diberikan Isipadu molar gas ialah 24 dm-3 mol 1 pada keadaan bilik,
jisim atom relatif : H = 1 ; Mg = 24 dan Cl = 35.5]

[4 marks]

(ii) Calculate the average rate of reaction in cm3 s-1 for experiment B and C:
Hitung kadar tindakbalas purata dalam cm3/s -1 bagi eksperimen B danC:
[2 marks]
(c) Based on Table 7.1 and Diagram 7.2, compare the rate of reaction between

Experiment A and Experiment B


Experiment B and Experiment C

In each case, explain the difference in the rate of reaction by using the collision
theory.

Berdasarkan Jadual 7.1 dan Rajah 7.2 , banding kadar tindakbalas antara

Eksperimen A dan Ekspeimen B


Eksperimen B dan Eksperimen C

Bagi setiap kes, terangkan perbezaan dalam kadar tindakbalas berdasarkan teori
perlanggaran
[10 marks]