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SP001

Probable ID Macrothele sp. (Female)


Family Hexathelidae

Fangs closing in parallel axis.


Orthognatha.
Suborder - Mygalomorphae

Two pairs of book lungs (shown by the


four black arrows in the picture)
Slit-like book lungs.
Suborder - Mygalomorphae

Three clawed tarsi, with two superior


claws and one inferior claw.
The inferior claw was obscured by the
dense claw tuft.
The arrow in the figure shows the
inferior claw.

Spinnerets four in number.


Posterior spinnerets long.
Apical segment of posterior spinnerets
digitiform

Rastellum (Rake-like structure at the


extremity of the chelicerae) absent.
Transverse, broad, pit-like fovea.
Slightly procurved.

Six Sigilla on the sternum (shown by the


six red arrows in the figure).
Anterior sigilla marginal.
Posterior sigilla larger than the other two
pairs of sigilla and not located on the
margin.

Labium with numerous cuspules.


The cuspules marked by a black arrow in
the figure.

One row of teeth on the promargin of the


fang furrow.
The red arrow in the picture on the side
shows teeth lining the promargin of the
chelicerae.

PME rudimentary, flat and yellowish while other eyes dome shaped.
Darker striations radiating away from the fovea.
Carapace a little truncate anteriorly.
Spination on the legs not clear, especially the spination on tarsi.
SP002
Probable ID Oxytate sp. (Male)
Family - Thomisdae

Crab like habitus


Laterigrade legs (protruding sideways)
Legs I, II stronger and more robust than
legs III and IV.
Ventral side of legs I, II visible in the
dorsal view.

Two clawed tarsus


Claws with a single row of teeth,
Simple claw tufts, not dense.

Colulus (A small wart like appendage


immediately in front of the spinnerets,
thought to be a vestigial organ). Present.

Eight eyes on distinct tubercles


Lateral eyes on distinct tubercles with
white rings around looking laterally
Sternum heart shaped.

Carapace almost circular, but near the


front, it narrows suddenly to a wide
rectangular eye region.
Carapace truncate anteriorly.

Abdomen elongate, widest near the front and tapers gradually towards the spinnerets.
Abdomen slightly overlapping over the cephalothorax.

4 species from this genus have been reported from India.


SP003
Araneomorph (Not Idied)
Female

Two clawed tarsus, paired claws with


teeth of similar size, not so dense claw
tufts.
Tarsi without auxillary claws.
Tarsi not pseudo-segmented.

Eight eyes, Posterior eyes yellow.


Posterior median eyes with dome shaped
lens.

Calamistrum (the row of specialised


bristles on the metatarsi of some spiders)
Absent.

Sternum as long as wide and pointed


between coxae IV.
Legs prograde (projecting forwards and
backwards)
Tracheal spiracle in front of the
spinnerets. (shown by the red arrow in
the figure)
5 Spinnerets, One Posterior spinneret
missing (shown by the blue arrow in the
figure)

The black arrow in the figure shows


what looks like a trilobate membranous
structure which is characteristic of
spiders of the family Sparassidae.

Transverse fovea
Elevated carapace with the cephalic
region prominently elevated.

Teeth on the retromargin of the chelicerae.


Megaspines on the legs.
Single claw on female palp present
Could belong to the Homalonychidae family (according to the Spiders of India key)
SP004
Probable ID Oxytate sp. (Female)
Family - Thomisidae
Crab like habitus
Laterigrade legs (protruding sideways)
Legs I, II stronger and more robust than
legs III and IV.
Ventral side of legs I, II visible in the
dorsal view.

Two clawed tarsus


Claws with a single row of teeth,
Simple claw tufts, not dense.

Colulus (A small wart like appendage


immediately in front of the spinnerets,
thought to be a vestigial organ). Present.

Eight eyes on distinct tubercles


Lateral eyes on distinct tubercles with
white rings around looking laterally

Sternum heart shaped.


Gnathocoxa converging.
Maxillae longer than wider, double the
length of labium.
Female palp with one claw.

Carapace almost circular, but near the


front, it narrows suddenly to a wide
rectangular eye region.
Carapace truncate anteriorly.

Abdomen elongate, widest near the front and tapers gradually towards the spinnerets.
Abdomen slightly overlapping over the cephalothorax.

4 species from this genus reported in India.


SP005
Probable ID Heteropoda sp. (Male)
Family - Sparassidae
Laterigrade legs
Megaspines on tibia.

Eight Eyes in rows of two.


Anterior row of eyes recurved while the
posterior row of eyes is straight.
Anterior Lateral eyes greater than the
Anterior Median eyes (Genus ID
character)
Posterior lateral eyes looking sideways.

Two clawed tarsals.


Flat, Dentate claws (with teeth)
Claw tufts also present.

Trilobate membrane at the apical end of


metatarsals allowing hypermobility of
the tarsals. (Family ID character)
Chericeral furrow with teeth on the
retromargin. (shown by the red arrow)

Sternum almost circular with apex


pointed

Labium free never longer than half the


length of maxillae.
Maxillae plain not crested.

Carapace nearly as long as wide, high


posteriorly
Thoracic groove longitudinal.

Colulus absent
Male palp with tibial apophysis.
SP006
Probable ID Heteropoda sp. (Male)
Family - Sparassidae
Eight eyes in rows of two.
Anterior row of eyes recurved while the
Posterior row of eyes is procurved.
Anterior Lateral Eyes are larger than the
Anterior Median Eyes. (Genus ID
character)

Two clawed tarsals


Flat claws with one row of teeth
(dentate).

Trilobate membrane at the apical end of


metatarsus allowing hypermobility of the
tarsus.(Family ID character)

Chericeral furrow with teeth.


Laterigrade legs
Sternum heart-shaped tapering towards
the posterior end.

Labium free, rebordered


Labium less than half the length of
maxillae.
Maxillae plain not crested
Maxillae converging

Carapace nearly as long as wide, high


posteriorly.
Thoracic groove longitudinal.
Shallow grooves radiating from the
fovea.

Colulus absent

Male palp with tibial apophysis.


SP007
Probable ID Araneidae
Could be Araneus sp., need better generic keys to ID.

Three clawed tarsus.


Two superior and one inferior claw
present.
Auxillary claw also seen

Prograde legs.

Labium rectangular, projecting


anteriorly.
Labium rebordered (Swollen posteriorly)
Maxillae broad, twice the length of
labium.

Pentagonal sternum with apex pointing


posteriorly.
Epigyne with prominent scape.

Lateral eyes widely separated from the


median eyes. (Family ID character).
Cephalic region elevated.
Fovea transverse.

Abdomen with three pairs of sigilla.

Posterior spinnerets separated