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Blending of Powers:

The following are examples under the 1987 Philippine Constitution where powers are not confined
exclusively within one department but are in fact shared:

1. The President and Congress help one another in the making of laws. Congress enacts the bill and
the President approves it.
2. The President prepares a budget and Congress enacts an appropriation bill pursuant to that
3. The President enters into a treaty with foreign countries and the Senate ratifies the same.
4. The Supreme Court may declare a treaty, international or executive agreement, or law, as
unconstitutional, and it has also the power to declare invalid any act done by the other
departments of government.
5. The grant of amnesty by the President is subject to the concurrence of a majority of all the
members of the Congress.