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Codominance occurs when two versions, or alleles, of the same gene are present in a living thing, and

both are expressed. Instead of one trait being dominant over the other, both traits appear.Codominance
is easy to spot in plants and animals that have more than one pigment color. Spotted cows and flowers
with petals of two different colors are examples of codominance, for example.Codominance also occurs
in some less visible traits, such as blood type. The A and B alleles for blood type can both be expressed
at the same time, resulting in type AB blood.

In genetics, dominant genes are those that are always expressed if they are found in anorganism.
Dominant genes may be expressed as co-dominant where two different traits are both expressed
alongside each other or as dominant/recessive, where the presence of a dominant gene completely
masks the presence of a recessive gene.

Allele A version of a gene. Different alleles are different versions of the same gene, such as
the blue and brown alleles for eye color in humans.

Dominant A gene whose trait is always expressed when it is present.

Recessive A gene whose trait may not be expressed if it is masked by the presence of a
dominant gene.


1. AB Blood Type

People with this blood type have A and B proteins at the same time. The ABO gene determine what
blood type a person has, and everyone has two copies of this gene, one from each parent. There are
several combinations of blood types that can result, but when a person has both an A and a B allele, it
will lead to blood types visible in the blood, AB.

2. Sickle-Cell Anemia

Sickle cell anemia is a disease where red blood cells become thin and stretched out. If a person has a
single copy of the sickle cell allele, then half their red blood cells become abnormally shaped. If this
happens, codominance occurs because both normal and sickled shapes are mixed and seen in the blood.

3. Horse color

The roan coat color of a horse is due to codominance. Roan is the result when a color appears in
conjugation with white. It is the graying out of a color, and in horses there are actually three types of
roans: red, bay, and blue. All of the colors follow similar co-dominance patterns.

4. Flower colors

If two plants were crossed to produce a yellow and blue flower, and if the alleles of the gene responsible
for petal color were dominant in nature, the flower produced by the progeny plant would either be
yellow with blue spots or blue with yellow spots.