Anda di halaman 1dari 20

ENGINE SERVICE MANUAL I

Table of Contents

Foreword. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1

Service Diagnosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2

Safety Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3

Engine Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5

Mounting Engine on Engine Stand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55

Engine Electrical. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65

Variable Geometry Turbocharger (VGT). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107

Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .119

Intake, Inlet, and Exhaust Manifolds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141

Fuel and High-pressure Oil Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155

Diamond Logic Engine Brake. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .185

Air Compressor and Power Steering Pump. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201

Oil System Module Assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213

Oil Pan and Oil Suction Tube. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .231

Front Cover, Cooling System, and Related Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .243

Cylinder Head and Valve Train. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .291

Flywheel and Flywheel Housing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .337

Power Cylinders. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .365

Crankcase, Crankshaft, and Camshaft. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .403

Abbreviations and Acronyms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .443

Terminology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .449

Appendix A - Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .457

Appendix B - Torques. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .475

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II ENGINE SERVICE MANUAL

Appendix C - Special Service Tools. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .487

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Follow all warnings, cautions, and notes.
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ENGINE SERVICE MANUAL 1

Foreword Technical Service Literature


Navistar, Inc. is committed to continuous research 1171939R3 MaxxForceDT, 9, and 10 Engine
and development to improve products and introduce Operation and Maintenance
technological advances. Procedures, specifications, Manual
and parts defined in published technical service
EGES-335-1 MaxxForceDT, 9, and 10 Engine
literature may be altered.
Service Manual
This Service Manual provides a general sequence
EGES-370-1 MaxxForceDT, 9, and 10 Engine
of procedures for out-of-chassis engine overhaul
Diagnostic Manual
(removal, inspection, and installation). For in-chassis
service of parts and assemblies, the sequence may EGED-375 MaxxForce DT, 9, and 10 Hard
vary. Start/ No Start Diagnostic Form
NOTE: Photo illustrations identify specific parts or EGED-380 MaxxForce DT, 9, and 10
assemblies that support text and procedures; other Performance Diagnostic Form
areas in photo illustrations may not be exact. EGED-385 MaxxForce DT, 9, and 10
See vehicle manuals and Technical Service Electronic Control Systems Form
Information (TSI) bulletins for additional information.
Technical Service Literature is revised periodically
and mailed automatically to Revision Service
subscribers. If a technical publication is ordered, the
latest revision will be supplied.
NOTE: To order technical service literature, contact
your Navistar dealer.

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Follow all warnings, cautions, and notes.
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2 ENGINE SERVICE MANUAL

Service Diagnosis Knowledge of the principles of operation for


engine application and engine systems
Service diagnosis is an investigative procedure that
must be followed to find and correct an engine Knowledge to understand and do procedures in
application problem or an engine problem. diagnostic and service publications
If the problem is engine application, see specific Technical Service Literature required for Effective
vehicle manuals for further diagnostic information. Diagnosis
If the problem is the engine, see specific Engine Engine Service Manual
Diagnostic Manual for further diagnostic information.
Engine Diagnostic Manual
Prerequisites for Effective Diagnosis
Diagnostics Forms
Availability of gauges and diagnostic test
Electronic Control Systems Diagnostics Forms
equipment
Service Bulletins
Availability of current information for engine
application and engine systems

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Follow all warnings, cautions, and notes.
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ENGINE SERVICE MANUAL 3

Safety Information Protective measures

This manual provides general and specific service Wear protective safety glasses and shoes.
procedures essential for reliable engine operation and Wear correct hearing protection.
your safety. Since many variations in procedures,
tools, and service parts are involved, advice for all Wear cotton work clothing.
possible safety conditions and hazards cannot be Wear sleeved heat protective gloves.
stated.
Do not wear rings, watches or other jewelry.
Read safety instructions before doing any service and
test procedures for the engine or vehicle. See related Restrain long hair.
application manuals for more information. Fire prevention
Disregard for Safety Instructions, Warnings, Cautions, Make sure charged fire extinguishers are in the
and Notes in this manual can lead to injury, death or work area.
damage to the engine or vehicle.
NOTE: Check the classification of each fire
SAFETY TERMINOLOGY extinguisher to ensure that the following fire types
can be extinguished.
Three terms are used to stress your safety and safe
operation of the engine: Warning, Caution, and Note 1. Type A Wood, paper, textiles, and rubbish

Warning: A warning describes actions necessary to 2. Type B Flammable liquids


prevent or eliminate conditions, hazards, and unsafe 3. Type C Electrical equipment
practices that can cause personal injury or death.
Batteries
Caution: A caution describes actions necessary
to prevent or eliminate conditions that can cause Batteries produce highly flammable gas during and
damage to the engine or vehicle. after charging.

Note: A note describes actions necessary for correct, Always disconnect the main negative battery
efficient engine operation. cable first.
Always connect the main negative battery cable
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS last.
Vehicle Avoid leaning over batteries.
Make sure the vehicle is in neutral, the parking Protect your eyes.
brake is set, and the wheels are blocked before
doing any work or diagnostic procedures on the Do not expose batteries to open flames or sparks.
engine or vehicle. Do not smoke in workplace.
Work area Compressed air
Keep work area clean, dry, and organized. Limit shop air pressure for blow gun to 207 kPa
Keep tools and parts off the floor. (30 psi).

Make sure the work area is ventilated and well lit. Use approved equipment.

Make sure a first aid kit is available. Do not direct air at body or clothing.

Safety equipment Wear safety glasses or goggles.

Use correct lifting devices. Wear hearing protection.

Use safety blocks and stands. Use shielding to protect others in the work area.

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Follow all warnings, cautions, and notes.
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4 ENGINE SERVICE MANUAL

Tools Fuel
Make sure all tools are in good condition. Do not over fill the fuel tank. Over fill creates a fire
hazard.
Make sure all standard electrical tools are
grounded. Do not smoke in the work area.
Check for frayed power cords before using power Do not refuel the tank when the engine is running.
tools.
Removal of tools, parts, and equipment
Fluids under pressure
Reinstall all safety guards, shields, and covers
Use extreme caution when working on systems after servicing the engine.
under pressure.
Make sure all tools, parts, and service equipment
Follow approved procedures only. are removed from the engine and vehicle after all
work is done.

EGES-335-2
Read all safety instructions in the "Safety Information" section of this Manual before doing any procedures.
Follow all warnings, cautions, and notes.
April 2011 Navistar, Inc. All rights reserved
ENGINE SYSTEMS 5

Table of Contents

Engine Identification. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Engine Serial Number. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Engine Emission Label. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Engine Accessory Labels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Engine Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Standard Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Optional Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Chassis Mounted Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Engine Component Locations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11

Air Management System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16


Air Flow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Air Management Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Charge Air Cooler (CAC). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Variable Geometry Turbocharger (VGT). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Aftertreatment (AFT) System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22

Fuel Management System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23


ICP System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
High-Pressure Oil Flow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
ICP Closed Loop System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
ICP Control System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Fuel Injector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27

Fuel Supply System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29


Fuel Supply System Flow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30

Engine Lubrication System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33


Oil Flow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34

Engine Cooling System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36


Cooling System Flow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Cooling System Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Coolant Heater (optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Thermostat Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38

Electronic Control System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39


Electronic Control System Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
Operation and Function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
Reference Voltage (VREF). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Signal Conditioner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Microprocessor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Microprocessor Memory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Actuator Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Actuators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41

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Read all safety instructions in the "Safety Information" section of this Manual before doing any procedures.
Follow all warnings, cautions, and notes.
April 2011 Navistar, Inc. All rights reserved
6 ENGINE SYSTEMS

EGR Valve. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41


IAH Relays. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Intake Throttle Actuator and Position Sensor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Engine and Vehicle Sensors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
Thermistor Sensors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
Variable Capacitance Sensors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Magnetic Pickup Sensors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Micro Strain Gauge (MSG) Sensors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Potentiometer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
Switches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
Intake Throttle Valve. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49

Diamond Logic Brake System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50


Brake Operation Modes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
Exhaust Brake System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
Engine Brake System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52

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ENGINE SYSTEMS 7

Engine Identification Engine Emission Label


Engine Serial Number

Figure 2 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency


(EPA) exhaust emission label (example)

Figure 1 Engine serial number


The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
exhaust emission label is attached on top of the valve
The engine serial number is in two locations: cover. The EPA label typically includes the following:
Stamped on a crankcase pad on the right side of Model year
the crankcase below the cylinder head.
Engine family, model, and displacement
On the engine emission label on the valve cover.
Advertised brake horsepower and torque rating
Engine Serial Number Examples Emission family and control systems
International MaxxForce DT: 466HM2U3000001 Valve lash specifications
International MaxxForce 9 and 10: Engine serial number
570HM2U3000001
EPA, EURO, and reserved fields for specific
Engine Serial Number Codes applications
466 Engine displacement
570 Engine displacement
H Diesel, turbocharged, Charge Air Cooler (CAC) Engine Accessory Labels
and electronically controlled The following engine accessories may have
M2 Motor truck manufacturers labels or identification plates:
U United States
7 digit suffix Engine serial number sequence Air compressor
beginning with 3000001 Air conditioning compressor
Alternator
Cooling fan clutch
Power steering pump
Starter motor

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8 ENGINE SYSTEMS

Engine Description

International MaxxForce DT, 9, and 10 Diesel Engines


Engine configuration 4 stroke, inline six cylinder diesel
MaxxForce DT displacement 7.6 L (466 in3)
MaxxForce 9 and 10 displacement 9.3 L (570 in3)
Bore (sleeve diameter) 116.6 mm (4.59 in)
Stroke
MaxxForce DT 119 mm (4.68 in)
MaxxForce 9 and 10 146 mm (5.75 in)
Compression ratio
MaxxForce DT 16.9 : 1
MaxxForce 9 and 10 17.2 : 1
Aspiration VGT turbocharged and Charge Air Cooled (CAC)
1
Rated power @ rpm
MaxxForce DT 245 bhp @ 2600 rpm
MaxxForce 9 310 bhp @ 2200 rpm
MaxxForce 10 310 bhp @ 2200 rpm
1
Peak torque @ rpm
MaxxForce DT 620 lbfft @ 1400 rpm
MaxxForce 9 950 lbfft @ 1200 rpm
MaxxForce 10 1050 lbfft @ 1200 rpm
Engine rotation (facing flywheel) Counterclockwise
Combustion system Direct injection turbocharged
Fuel system Electro-hydraulic injection
Total engine weight (oil and accessories)
MaxxForce DT 881 kg (1,943 lbs)
MaxxForce 9 and 10 905 kg (1,995 lbs)
Cooling system capacity (engine only) 12.8 L (13.5 qts US)
Lube system capacity (including filter) 28 L (30 qts US)
Lube system capacity (overhaul only, with filter) 33 L (35 qts US)
Firing order 1-5-3-6-2-4
1
Example ratings shown. See Performance Specifications appendix in Diagnostic Manual for additional ratings.

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ENGINE SYSTEMS 9

Standard Features available as an option. The pad mounting design


of the alternator and Freon compressor brackets
MaxxForce DT, 9, and 10 diesel engines are
provide easy removal and improved durability.
designed for increased durability, reliability, and ease
of maintenance. The low-pressure fuel supply pump draws fuel from
the fuel tank through the fuel filter housing. The
The cylinder head has four valves per cylinder with
housing includes a strainer, filter, primer pump, drain
centrally located fuel injectors directing fuel over
valve, Water in Fuel (WIF) sensor, and Engine Fuel
the pistons. This configuration provides improved
Pressure (EFP) sensor. If equipped, an optional fuel
performance and reduces emissions.
heater element is located in the fuel filter housing.
The camshaft is supported by four insert bushings Conditioned fuel is pumped through the intake
pressed into the crankcase. The camshaft gear is manifold and cylinder head to the fuel injectors.
driven from the front of the engine. A thrust flange
The WIF sensor detects water in the fuel system.
is located between the camshaft and the drive gear.
When a programmed value of water is collected in the
The overhead valve train includes mechanical roller
fuel filter housing, the instrument panels amber FUEL
lifters, push rods, rocker arms, and dual valves that
FILTER lamp will illuminate. The collected water must
open using a valve bridge.
be removed immediately. The water is drained by
MaxxForce DT engines use one piece aluminum using the drain valve located on the fuel filter housing.
alloy pistons. MaxxForce 9 and 10 engines use
The fuel injection system is electro-hydraulic. The
one piece steel pistons. All pistons use an offset
system includes an under-valve-cover high-pressure
piston axis and centered combustion bowls. Crown
oil manifold, fuel injectors, and a high-pressure oil
markings show correct piston orientation in the
pump. The injectors are installed in the cylinder head,
crankcase.
under the high-pressure oil manifold.
The one piece crankcase uses replaceable wet
The Variable Geometry Turbocharger (VGT) has
cylinder sleeves that are sealed by a single crevice
actuated vanes in the turbine housing. These vanes
seal. Some applications include a crankcase ladder
modify exhaust gas flow through the VGT. The ECM
which is designed to support heavier loads and
commands the VGT in response to boost and exhaust
reduce engine noise.
back pressure for various engine speeds and load
The crankshaft has seven main bearings with fore conditions.
and aft thrust controlled at the rear bearing. One
The Inlet Air Heater (IAH) system warms the incoming
fractured cap connecting rod is attached at each
air supply prior to cranking to aid cold engine starting
crankshaft journal. A piston pin moves freely inside
and reduce white smoke during warm-up. The IAH
the connecting rod and piston. Piston pin retaining
system will initially illuminate the WAIT TO START
rings secure the piston pin in the piston. The rear oil
lamp located on the instrument panel. When the lamp
seal carrier is part of the flywheel housing.
turns off, the engine can be started.
A gerotor lube oil pump is mounted on the front cover
The Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) system
and is driven by the crankshaft. Pressurized oil is
circulates cooled exhaust into the intake air stream
supplied to engine components and the high-pressure
in the intake manifold. This cools the combustion
injection system. All MaxxForce DT, 9, and 10
process and reduces the formation of NOX engine
engines use an engine oil cooler and spin-on engine
emissions.
oil filter.
A closed crankcase breather system uses an engine
The water supply housing serves as the mounting
mounted oil separator to return oil to the crankcase
bracket for the Freon compressor. Mounting
and vent crankcase pressure into the intake system.
capabilities for a dual Freon compressor are

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10 ENGINE SYSTEMS

Optional Features Chassis Mounted Features


Optional features available include the following: A Charge Air Cooler (CAC) is an air-to-air heat
exchanger which increases the density of the air
Air compressor
charge.
Power Takeoff (PTO)
The Aftertreatment System, part of the larger Exhaust
Engine or exhaust brake System, processes engine exhaust to meet tailpipe
emission requirements.
An air compressor is available for applications that
require air brakes or air suspension. A hydraulic The Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC) burns
power steering pump can be used with or without the oxygen and hydrocarbons in the exhaust stream.
air compressor.
The Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) captures and
The front cover has a mounting flange available for burns particulates in the exhaust stream.
PTO accessories. The air compressor drive gear train
is used with a spline adapter and provides power for
front mounted PTO accessories.
The Diamond Logic engine brake is available for
all engine displacements. The engine brake is a
compression release brake system that provides
additional braking performance. The operator can
control the engine brake for different operating
conditions.
The Diamond Logic exhaust brake system is also
available for all engine displacements. The exhaust
brake uses the turbocharger to restrict exhaust flow
for additional braking. The operator can control the
exhaust brake for different operating conditions.

Optional Cold Climate Features


Optional cold climate features available include the
following:
Oil pan heater
Coolant heater
Fuel heater
All three heaters use an electric element to warm
engine fluids in cold weather conditions.
The oil pan heater warms engine oil to ensure
optimum oil flow.
The coolant heater warms engine coolant surrounding
the cylinders. Warmed engine coolant aids in
performance and fuel economy during start-up.
The fuel heater is installed in the fuel filter header
assembly and warms the supply fuel. Warmed supply
fuel prevents waxing, and improves performance and
fuel economy during cold weather start-up.

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ENGINE SYSTEMS 11

Engine Component Locations

Figure 3 Component location top


1. Valve cover 6. EGR tube assembly 10. Flywheel housing
2. EGR and inlet air mixer duct 7. Alternator bracket
3. Intake throttle assembly 8. Variable Geometry Turbocharger
4. Intake side EGR cooler (VGT) assembly
5. EGR valve manifold assembly 9. Exhaust side EGR cooler

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12 ENGINE SYSTEMS

Figure 4 Component location front


1. Water outlet tube assembly 4. Front cover 8. Water inlet elbow
2. Coolant crossover tube 5. Fan drive pulley 9. Water pump pulley
assembly (EGR) 6. Front engine mounting bracket 10. Automatic belt tensioner
3. Tube support 7. Vibration damper assembly

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ENGINE SYSTEMS 13

Figure 5 Component location right


1. Turbocharger oil supply tube 6. Lifting eye 11. VGT actuator
assembly 7. Water supply housing (Freon 12. Coolant tube (oil system module)
2. Exhaust manifold compressor mount) 13. Cooler heat exchanger
3. Exhaust side EGR cooler 8. Alternator bracket 14. M18 plug assembly (coolant
4. Variable Geometry Turbocharger 9. EGR coolant supply tube drain)
(VGT) assembly 10. Crankcase breather assembly 15. Oil filter
5. Breather inlet tube assembly with turbine 16. Oil system module assembly

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14 ENGINE SYSTEMS

Figure 6 Component location left


1. Low-pressure fuel pump 6. Water drain valve 10. ECM
2. Priming pump (fuel) 7. Intake Air Heater (IAH) relay 11. Oil pan
3. EGR valve manifold assembly assembly 12. Power steering pump assembly
4. Fuel strainer cap 8. Lifting eye 13. Air compressor assembly
5. Fuel filter cap 9. Intake manifold 14. High-pressure oil pump

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ENGINE SYSTEMS 15

Figure 7 Component location rear


1. Valve cover 4. Crankcase 6. Flywheel housing
2. Cylinder head 5. Rear engine mounting bracket 7. Flywheel
3. VGT assembly (2) 8. Oil filler tube

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16 ENGINE SYSTEMS

Air Management System

Figure 8 Air management system

The Air Management System includes the following: Inlet Air Heater Control (IAHC)
Air filter assembly Exhaust and intake valves
Variable Geometry Turbocharger (VGT) Exhaust system
Charge Air Cooler (CAC) Diamond Logic exhaust and engine brake
Intake throttle valve Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF Aftertreatment
System)
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)
Intake manifold and EGR mixer

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ENGINE SYSTEMS 17

Air Flow Air Management Components


Air flows through the air filter assembly and enters the Charge Air Cooler (CAC)
VGT. The VGT compressor increases the pressure,
temperature, and density of the intake air before it
enters the CAC. Cooled compressed air flows from the
CAC into the inlet throttle valve and EGR mixer duct.
If the EGR control valve is open, exhaust gas will
pass through the EGR system and mix with the filtered
intake air. This mixture flows through the inlet air
heater and into the intake manifold.
If the EGR control valve is closed, only filtered intake
air will flow through the inlet air heater and into the
intake manifold.
After combustion gases exit through the exhaust
valves and ports, the gas is forced through the
exhaust manifold to the EGR system and VGT.
Some gas flows through the EGR system, which is Figure 9 CAC
controlled by the EGR valve. The remaining gas flows 1. Air outlet
to the VGT turbine. 2. CAC
The turbo vanes control flow and pressure of exhaust 3. Air inlet
gas. This controls the speed of the compressor wheel, 4. Radiator
which is connected to the turbine wheel by a shaft.
The VGT compressor wheel compresses the filtered
air. The chassis mounted CAC is mounted on top of the
radiator. Air from the turbocharger passes through a
Exhaust gases exit the turbocharger, flow into the network of heat exchanger tubes before entering the
exhaust piping to the aftertreatment system, and are engine intake system. Outside air flowing over the
released from the exhaust tail pipe. heat exchanger tube fins cools the charge air. Cooling
the charge air increases the density and improves the
air to fuel ratio during combustion.

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18 ENGINE SYSTEMS

Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) System

Figure 10 EGR system


1. Exhaust side EGR cooler 5. EGR valve manifold 9. EGR coolant supply tube
2. Intake side EGR cooler 6. EGR tube assembly 10. Exhaust manifold
3. EGR valve 7. Coolant crossover tube
4. EGR coolant return tube assembly
assembly 8. EGR metering tube

The EGR system includes the following: EGR mixer duct


Exhaust manifold Intake manifold
EGR exhaust side cooler The EGR system reduces Nitrogen Oxide (NOX)
engine emissions. NOX forms during a reaction
Exhaust gas crossover tube
between nitrogen and oxygen at high temperatures
Electrical control system during combustion. Combustion starts when fuel is
injected into the compressed combustion chamber.
EGR control valve
EGR intake side cooler

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Follow all warnings, cautions, and notes.
April 2011 Navistar, Inc. All rights reserved