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# Forces in Action

## Describe the energy transfers involved when work is done

Explain why changing the shape of an object can only happen when

## When a force causes an object to move, wor1t is done on the object.

This is because i
t requires energy to move the object.

## One joule of work is done when a force of one newton causes a

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displacement of one metre: 1 joule = 1 newton metre.
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work done = force x distance (moved along the line

## of action of the force)

Key Point
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Overcoming forces
When work is done, energy transfers take place within the system, e.g.
requires energy. When
- Work done to overcome friction causes an increase in
a force is used to move

heat energy.
an object. work is done

- An electric lift uses electrical energy to do work against on the object. The

## gravity, which leads to an increase in gravitational movement of the object

potential energy.
is called displacement.

## Forces and Elasticity

To change the shape of an object, more than one force must be

applied, e.g. a spring must be pulled from both ends to stretch it.

If the object returns to its original shape after the forces are

## removed, it was elastically deformed.

If the object does not return to its original shape, it has been

inelastically deformed.

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The gr

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